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DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS

1 OF 205

AU Britner-Preston-A. Phillips-Deborah-A.

TI Predictors of parent and provider satisfaction with child day care dimensions: A comparison of center-based and family child day care. Special Issue: Child day care.

SO Child Welfare. 1995 Nov-Dec Vol 74(6) 1135-1168.

MJ CHILD-DAY-CARE. HOME-ENVIRONMENT. SATISFACTION. PARENTS. CHILD-CARE-WORKERS.

MN ADULTHOOD. LONGITUDINAL-STUDIES.

ID satisfaction with fulltime center vs family based child day care, parents & care providers, longitudinal study.

AB Evaluated predictors of satisfaction with specific aspects of child day care arrangements for parents and care providers of children in full-time center-based child day care (CBC) and family child care (FCC) in a short-term longitudinal study. 111 parents, representing 90 children (60 in CBC and 30 in FCC) and 27 care providers for these children completed an initial questionnaire and follow-up assessment 4 mo later. Descriptive statistics for the predictors were compared by type of care. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that perceived social support derived from the care arrangement was the best predictor of parental satisfaction in both FCC and CBC. For CBC providers, satisfaction was best predicted by parent-provider agreement about the importance of specific care characteristics. Parent-provider agreement about traditional child-rearing values was associated with satisfaction for FCC providers. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

2 OF 205

AU Bullinger-Monika.

TI German translation and psychometric testing of the SF-36 Health Survey: Preliminary results from the IQOLA project. Special Issue: "Quality of life" in social science and medicine.

SO Social Science & Medicine. 1995 Nov Vol 41(10) 1359-1366.

MJ PSYCHOMETRICS. SURVEYS. HEALTH. PAIN. FOREIGN-LANGUAGE-TRANSLATION.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID psychometric testing of German version of Short Form-36 Health Survey, pain patients, Germany.

AB Reports methods and preliminary results from the translating, piloting and psychometric testing of the German Short Form-36 Health Survey in healthy persons and patients suffering bodily pain. Psychometric evaluation included tests of ordinality and equidistance of response choices in 48 Ss as well as testing of reliability, validity, responsiveness and discriminative power of the form in crossectional studies of 2 samples of healthy persons and longitudinal studies of 2 samples of pain patients totaling 940 Ss. Quality ratings of translations were favorable. In the pilot study, the form was well understood and easily administered. On item and scale level, missing data were low and descriptive statistics indicated acceptable distribution characteristics. Discriminative item validity was high. Convergent validity, responsiveness to treatment and discriminative power in distinguishing between healthy and ill respondents were present. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

3 OF 205

AU Satsumi-Yuki. Oda-Susumu.

TI Mentally ill offenders referred for psychiatric examination in Japan: Descriptive statistics of a university unit of forensic assessment.

SO International Journal of Law & Psychiatry. 1995 Sum Vol 18(3) 323-331.

MJ MENTALLY-ILL-OFFENDERS. DEMOGRAPHIC-CHARACTERISTICS. CLIENT-CHARACTERISTICS. FORENSIC-EVALUATION.

MN ADULTHOOD. COURT-REFERRALS.

ID demographic & psychiatric & criminological variables, adult mentally ill offenders referred for psychiatric examination, Japan.

AB Examined the demographic, psychiatric, and criminological variables of mentally disordered offenders in Japan. Data came from 121 Ss referred for psychiatric evaluation and diagnosed with endogenous psychoses. Demographically, 75% of Ss were male, and 74% were aged 20-39 yrs. Psychiatrically, 64% of Ss had never been hospitalized; of those who had been hospitalized, 54% had been admitted more than once. 67% of Ss were receiving no medical care at time of offense. Two thirds of the sample had experienced delusions at time of offense. Other symptoms at time of offense included impulsive behavior, suicidal ideation, hallucinations, and excitement or rage. Felonies such as murder or arson amounted to 70% of the charges. 63% of Ss had a history of delinquent behavior (mainly violent or property crimes), and 82% of Ss had prior arrest records. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

4 OF 205

AU Anton-Barry-S.

TI The Biolog project: Self-monitoring as a laboratory for physiological psychology.

SO Teaching of Psychology. 1995 Apr Vol 22(2) 130-131.

MJ PHYSIOLOGICAL-PSYCHOLOGY. PSYCHOLOGY-EDUCATION. SELF-MONITORING. EDUCATIONAL-LABORATORIES.

MN STATISTICS.

ID laboratory for macroanalysis of physiological functioning in physiological psychology, self monitoring & use of descriptive statistics.

AB Describes an optional, independent, and inexpensive laboratory, the Biolog, that emphasizes the macroanalysis of physiological functioning, rather than the microanalysis of traditional physiological lab exercises. In the Biolog, students select physiological functions that they self-monitor. Data are collected daily with the goal of using descriptive statistics in the results section of their write-ups. A final report and class presentation poster on the project are required. Feedback suggests that students value this experience and find it a useful adjunct to learning about physiological functioning. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

5 OF 205

AU Su-Chwen-Yng. Chien-Tsui-Hsien. Cheng-Kuang-Fang. Lin-Young-Tso.

TI Performance of older adults with and without cerebrovascular accident on the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills.

SO American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 1995 Jun Vol 49(6) 491-499.

MJ AGE-DIFFERENCES. EDUCATIONAL-BACKGROUND. VISUAL-PERCEPTION. CEREBROVASCULAR-ACCIDENTS. HUMAN-SEX-DIFFERENCES.

MN AGED. ADULTHOOD.

ID age & gender & education, visual perception, 45-84 yr olds with cerebrovascular accidents.

AB Compared scores of 22 Ss (aged 45-84 yrs) with cerebrovascular accident (CVA) on the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills (TVPS) with those of 155 control Ss without brain damage matched for age and education. Raw scores were analyzed to generate descriptive statistics. Other statistical analyses included ANOVA, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), discriminant analysis, and Pearson product-moment correlations. There were significant between-group differences on all TVPS measures, with controls performing better than Ss with CVA. Age affected performance on most subtests of the TVPS in the control group. Education had significant influence over each measure, whereas gender differences were significant only in 2 subtests. No demographic effects were found in the group with CVA. The total TVPS accuracy score was the most powerful discriminator between the 2 groups, correctly classifying 74.4% of Ss. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

6 OF 205

AU Allison-David-B. Gorman-Bernard-S. Kucera-Elizabeth-M.

TI Unicorn: A program for transforming data to approximate normality.

SO Educational & Psychological Measurement. 1995 Aug Vol 55(4) 625-629.

MJ COMPUTER-SOFTWARE. STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS.

ID Unicorn BASIC computer program, automated transformation of data to approximate normality.

AB Describes Unicorn, a BASIC computer program that automates the Box-Cox transformation. Unicorn reads free field ASCII data files, is completely interactive, and is user friendly. Unicorn can handle files with or without missing data. Descriptive statistics and tests of normality are provided for each variable in untransformed format. The user is offered a choice of minimizing skewness or departures from normality overall. The optimal transformation is then found and descriptive statistics and tests of normality are provided for the transformed data. A new ASCII data file is written with transformed data. This new data file is then available for further analysis. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

7 OF 205

AU Bickelew-Susan-P. Murray-Susan-E. Hewett-John-E. Johnson-Jane. et al.

TI Self-efficacy, pain, and physical activity among fibromyalgia subjects.

SO Arthritis Care & Research. 1995 Mar Vol 8(1) 43-50.

MJ SELF-EFFICACY. PAIN. ACTIVITY-LEVEL. MUSCULAR-DISORDERS.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID self efficacy & pain & physical activity, patients with fibromyalgia.

AB Examined the relationships among self-efficacy, self-report pain, and physical activity in 79 patients (mean age 44 yrs) with fibromyalgia, using the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale (AIMS). Ss completed the Visual Analogue Scale for Pain, the AIMS, and the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale. A myalgic score was obtained during a tender point evaluation. Descriptive statistics of the utility of the AIMS subscales with fibromyalgic patients showed that the Activities of Daily Living subscale had little utility with the fibromyalgic population. Higher self-efficacy was associated with less pain and less impairment on the physical activities measure after controlling for demographics and disease severity measures. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

8 OF 205

AU Ray-William-J. Faith-Meredith.

TI Dissociative experiences in a college age population: Follow-up with 1190 subjects.

SO Personality & Individual Differences. 1995 Feb Vol 18(2) 223-230.

MJ DISSOCIATIVE-PATTERNS.

MN LONGITUDINAL-STUDIES. ADULTHOOD.

ID dissociative experiences, normal college students, theoretical & clinical implications, 3 yr study.

AB Examined dissociative experiences (DEs) in 1,090 undergraduates. Ss completed 2 self-report measures: the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and the Questionnaire of Experiences of Dissociation (QED). Descriptive statistics and the factor analytic structure of the data are reported. The 2 instruments were correlated, and they described similar experiences. Overall, the DES produced 4 factors: absorption/derealization, depersonalization, segment amnesia, and in situ amnesia. The QED produced 5 factors: depersonalization, process amnesia, fantasy/daydream, dissociated body behavior, and trance. Results are discussed in terms of types of dissociative processes. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

9 OF 205

AU Barone-Charles. Weissberg-Roger-P. Kasprow-Wesley-J. Voyce-Charlene-K. et al.

TI Involvement in multiple problem behaviors of young urban adolescents.

SO Journal of Primary Prevention. 1995 Spr Vol 15(3) 261-283.

MJ JUVENILE-DELINQUENCY. PSYCHOSEXUAL-BEHAVIOR. ACADEMIC-FAILURE. DRUG-ABUSE. URBAN-ENVIRONMENTS.

MN POVERTY. BEHAVIOR-PROBLEMS. ADOLESCENCE. CHILDHOOD.

ID rates & patterns of delinquency & high risk sexual behavior & school failure & substance abuse, ethnically diverse 11-14 yr olds from poor & urban community, implications for intervention.

AB Examined 4 areas of problem behavior (delinquency, high-risk sexual behavior, school failure, and substance abuse) in an ethnically diverse sample of 119 urban 6th- and 7th-grade students from a poor, urban community. Ss were administered the pilot version of the Social and Health Assessment, and descriptive statistics regarding rates of problem behaviors and their interrelationships were examined. Data show a high degree of co-occurrence among problem behaviors in different areas, although many Ss also exhibit more limited involvement. Results underscore the importance of studying younger adolescents in poor, urban communities who may have different patterns and rates of problem behavior than older youth from other contexts. The data also suggest that prevention of high-risk involvements for youth in poor, urban communities should be wide-ranging and be implemented prior to middle school. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

10 OF 205

AU Knopman-David-S. Knapp-Margaret-J. Gracon-Stephen-I. Davis-Charles-S.

TI The Clinician Inteview-Based Impression: A clinician's global change rating scale in Alzheimer's disease.

SO Neurology. 1994 Dec Vol 44(12) 2315-2321.

MJ ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE. TEST-RELIABILITY. DRUG-THERAPY. NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL-ASSESSMENT. CHOLINESTERASE-INHIBITORS.

MN VERY-OLD. AGED. ADULTHOOD. RATING-SCALES.

ID reliability of Clinician Interview-Based Impression, measurement of tacrine induced global cognitive change, 51-89 yr olds with Alzheimer's disease.

AB Examined the performance of a global assessment instrument, the Clinician Interview-Based Impression (CIBI), in the placebo group ( N = 125) of a 30-wk, randomized clinical trial of tacrine in patients (aged 51-89 yrs) with Alzheimer's disease (AD). At Week 30, clinicians rated more than 40% of Ss on the CIBI as unchanged. Descriptive statistics and test-retest reliability were determined for the CIBI. CIBI ratings were weakly but significantly correlated with change scores on the quantitative cognitive assessments. The CIBI was modestly reliable on test-retest at Weeks 22 and 24, but less reliable compared with other quantitative outcome measures. Modifications of the CIBI that might improve its reliability and acceptance include no restrictions on the form of the bedside mental status assessment, inclusion of caregiver input, and better definition of ratings on the global scale. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

11 OF 205

AU Rasmussen-Dennis-R. Farrington-M.

TI Relationships between position in the central-peripheral structure, age, and the Dominance Index in the Tanaxpillo colony of stumptail macaques ( Macaca arctoides ).

SO Primates. 1994 Oct Vol 35(4) 393-408.

MJ ANIMAL-SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR. TERRITORIALITY. ANIMAL-DOMINANCE.

MN MONKEYS.

ID position in central-peripheral troop structure, range use & agonistic standing, stumptail macaques.

AB Measured the central-peripheral (CP) structure of a troop of 35-36 stumptail macaques with a descriptive statistic, Pindex, and a Dominance Index developed by D. Zumpe and R. P. Michael (1986). Pindex assessed the degree to which each S's range use differed from that of the troop. The Dominance Index assessed the relative agonistic standing of Ss. Analyses were based on 273.2 hrs of focal animal samples. More agonistic behavior was observed between central troop members. Central adults and young males on the periphery also more frequently gave than received aggression. As neighboring troops were not present, natal males became peripheral or joined a bachelor group. Knowledge of the CP structure of the troop enhances understanding of its complex social organization. Use of geographical space is strongly associated with ecological factors. Measure of CP structure therefore may help link studies of social organization and ecology. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

12 OF 205

AU Conderman-Greg.

TI Social status of sixth- and seventh-grade students with learning disabilities.

SO Learning Disability Quarterly. 1995 Win Vol 18(1) 13-24.

MJ STATUS. PEER-RELATIONS. LEARNING-DISABILITIES.

MN MIDDLE-SCHOOL-STUDENTS. CHILDHOOD. ADOLESCENCE.

ID social status, 6th & 7th graders with learning disabilities.

AB Compared the social status of 74 6th- and 7th-grade students with learning disabilities to a randomly chosen sample of 74 students without disabilities. Information was gathered from a forced-choice Sociogram, a self-rating questionnaire, and a teacher rating scale. Descriptive statistics revealed that Ss with learning disabilities earned lower scores on the teacher rating scale and the self-rating questionnaire. Similarly, compared to their nondisabled peers, these Ss received more negative and fewer positive votes on the Sociogram. For all Ss, attractive and athletic votes were highly correlated with positive votes on the Sociogram. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

13 OF 205

AU Wieland-Darryl. Hedrick-Susan-C. Rubenstein-Laurence-Z. Buchner-David-M. et al.

TI Inpatient geriatric evaluation and management units: Organization and care patterns in the Department of Veterans Affairs.

SO Gerontologist. 1994 Oct Vol 34(5) 652-657.

MJ HOSPITAL-PROGRAMS. GERIATRICS. HOSPITAL-ENVIRONMENT. HEALTH-CARE-DELIVERY.

MN MILITARY-VETERANS. GERIATRIC-PATIENTS. ADULTHOOD.

ID care patterns & organization, directors of VA inpatient geriatric evaluation & management units.

AB Surveyed directors of 46 Department of Veterans Affairs geriatric evaluation and management units (GEMs) about their care patterns and organization. Data were collected from unit- or hospital-level GEMs and were analyzed using descriptive statistics. GEMs meeting consensus standards varied considerably in admissions practices, organization, and performance. Hospital, GEM, and patient-admission factors such as hospital psychiatric mix, location, and proportion of GEM admissions from nursing homes (NHs) predicted length-of-stay, readmission rate, and discharge status. GEMs with more psychiatry beds sent fewer patients home, as did those admitting more patients from NHs; southeastern GEMs tended to send more patients home. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

14 OF 205

AU Leger-Daniel-W. Didrichsons-Inta-A.

TI An assessment of data pooling and some alternatives.

SO Animal Behaviour. 1994 Oct Vol 48(4) 823-832.

MJ STATISTICAL-RELIABILITY. STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. STATISTICAL-DATA.

MN ANIMAL-ETHOLOGY.

ID reliability of data pooling, estimation of population means & variances, implications for animal behavior research.

AB To assess the reliability of data pooling, 4 data sets were analyzed in both their pooled and unpooled forms. Pooling did not bias results provided that either intra-S variance exceeded between-S variance or N s were equal. Between-groups tests of significance were affected in the same way as descriptive statistics, and as long as intra-S variance exceeded between-S variance, pooling did not increase the probability of a Type I error. Results indicate that pooling can provide estimates of populations means and variances that are at least as reliable as those achieved by single sampling and aggregation. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

15 OF 205

AU Bortoli-Laura. Robazza-Claudio.

TI The Motor Activity Anxiety Test.

SO Perceptual & Motor Skills. 1994 Aug Vol 79(1, Pt 1) 299-305.

MJ ANXIETY. MOTOR-PROCESSES. TEST-RELIABILITY. TEST-VALIDITY. ATTITUDE-MEASURES.

MN PHYSICAL-EDUCATION. SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN. CHILDHOOD. ADOLESCENCE. ADULTHOOD.

ID reliability & discriminative power & validity of Motor Activity Anxiety Test, assessment of attitudes about ability to meet motor requirements in physical education, 11-19 yr olds.

AB Proposes the Motor Activity Anxiety Test to assess personal attitude to meet typical motor requirements for physical education in schools and anxiety about the physical dangers linked to motor activities in particular. The test is composed of 16 pictures representing potentially dangerous motor situations in a gymnasium; participants are required to express their willingness to meet the situations presented in the pictures without taking into account true personal abilities. Descriptive statistics and reliabilities for 1,110 participants (aged 11-19 yrs) and past research (e.g., L. Bortoli et al, 1992) on the test are provided. The test has good reliability, discriminative power, and test validity. Teachers can use test information about their pupils to plan adequate strategies and to help pupils overcome inhibitions and difficulties. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

16 OF 205

AU Sorenson-Dianna-Lee-Spies. Tschetter-Lois.

TI Reasons for employment or non-employment during pregnancy.

SO Health Care for Women International. 1994 Sep-Oct Vol 15(5) 453-463.

MJ PREGNANCY. EMPLOYMENT-STATUS. EXTRINSIC-MOTIVATION. INTRINSIC-MOTIVATION.

MN HUMAN-FEMALES. ADOLESCENCE. ADULTHOOD.

ID intrinsic & extrinsic reasons for employment vs nonemployment during pregnancy, 15-42 yr old pregnant females.

AB Conceptualizing pregnancy within a life span developmental perspective of adulthood, the study used descriptive statistics and content analysis on data from 210 pregnant women to identify factors that influence employment decisions during pregnancy. Intrinsic reasons for working during pregnancy included self-actualization, escape from home, employment identity, and interpersonal contact. Extrinsic reasons for working included money and employment setting compatibility. Intrinsic reasons for not working during pregnancy included pregnancy-related limitations, home identity, complexity, and family responsibilities. Extrinsic reasons for not working included financial juggle, job availability problems, and employment setting incompatibility. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

17 OF 205

AU Rogers-H-Jane. Hambleton-Ronald-K.

TI MH: A FORTRAN 77 program to compute the Mantel-Haenszel statistic for detecting differential item functioning.

SO Educational & Psychological Measurement. 1994 Spr Vol 54(1) 101-104.

MJ COMPUTER-SOFTWARE. ITEM-ANALYSIS-STATISTICAL.

ID FORTRAN-77 program for computation of Mantel-Haenszel statistic, detection of differential item functioning.

AB Developed a software program that computes the Mantel-Haenszel statistic that is used for detecting differential item functioning (DIF). The main features of the program are (1) the capability of using total test score or a 'purified' test score as the internal criterion for matching examinees, (2) the use of an external criterion for matching examinees if one is available, (3) complete descriptive statistics on the test data, (4) complete reference and focal group performance data for items flagged as DIF, (5) additional DIF statistics, and (6) availability of mainframe and PC versions. The program can currently handle up to 100 items, and there is no limit on the number of examinees per group. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

18 OF 205

AU Hsiung-Tung-Hsing. Olejnik-Stephen. Oshima-T-C.

TI A SAS/IML program for applying the James second-order test in two-factor fixed-effect ANOVA models.

SO Educational & Psychological Measurement. 1994 Fal Vol 54(3) 696-698.

MJ COMPUTER-SOFTWARE. ANALYSIS-OF-VARIANCE.

ID computer program for application of G. S. James' 2nd order procedure in 2 factor fixed effect ANOVA models.

AB Describes an SAS/IML computer program package that performs the G. S. James (1951) 2nd-order procedure in 2-factor fixed-effect ANOVA models. Researchers can conveniently test main effects and interaction effects by applying the James 2nd-order test, which can be applied regardless of the homogeneity restriction. Two types of computer programs are available. Program A analyzes an ASCII file that contains individual response data. Program B analyzes an ASCII file containing descriptive statistics for each cell in the factorial design. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

19 OF 205

AU Finstuen-Kenn. Nichols-Steve. Hoffman-Paul.

TI Correction to a correction factor and identification of hypotheses for one-way ANOVA from summary statistics.

SO Educational & Psychological Measurement. 1994 Fal Vol 54(3) 606-607.

MJ ANALYSIS-OF-VARIANCE. STATISTICS. F-TEST.

ID correction to computation of 1 way ANOVA F ratio from summary statistics.

AB Computation of a 1-way ANOVA F ratio from descriptive statistics in the absence of raw data is corrected from 2 sources, L. V. Gordon (1973) and J. S. Rossi (1987). Means associated with inferential statistical hypotheses are identified as estimable population parameters. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

20 OF 205

AU Helmstaedter-C. Elger-C-E.

TI Cognitive-behavioral aspects of quality of life in presurgical patients with epilepsy.

SO Journal of Epilepsy. 1994 Vol 7(3) 220-231.

MJ QUALITY-OF-LIFE. EPILEPSY. COGNITIVE-PROCESSES. EXPERIENCES-EVENTS.

MN ADULTHOOD. BEHAVIOR. PSYCHOSURGERY.

ID experiences of impairment in daily life & cognitive behavioral aspects of quality of life, presurgical patients with epilepsy.

AB Developed a questionnaire to determine experiences of impairment caused by epilepsy/seizures in daily life and the cognitive-behavioral aspects of epilepsy, using 58 adults with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsies who were candidates for epilepsy surgery. Major concerns were illness-related problems, mood, environmental reactions to seizures, the perceived locus of control, daily life activities, and situational/personal influences on seizure occurrence. Descriptive statistics indicated depressed mood to be the patients' primary impairment related to epilepsy. Besides seizure frequency and financial dependency, factors that were highly predictive of impairment included social inactivity, the perception of seizure-provoking factors, and the experience of rejection. Data indicate that cognitive behavioral variables have a significant explanatory value regarding the subjectively reported impairment in patients with epilepsy. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

21 OF 205

AU Patten-Scott-B. Fick-Gordon-H. Williams-Jeanne-V-A.

TI Statistical heterogeneity and centre effects in clinical trials of alprazolam.

SO Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1994 Jun Vol 39(5) 316-317.

MJ DRUG-THERAPY. ALPRAZOLAM. STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. MAJOR-DEPRESSION. EXPERIMENTATION.

ID statistical heterogeneity & center effects in clinical trials of alprazolam efficacy, patients with major depression, letter.

AB Conducted a qualitative review of 16 studies to evaluate the efficacy of alprazolam for the treatment of major depression. Descriptive statistics reported in the studies provided obvious evidence of heterogeneity. Major differences were also found between studies in the response rates to alprazolam and the comparison tricyclic antidepressants. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

22 OF 205

AU Ehreth-Jenifer-L.

TI The development and evaluation of hospital performance measures for policy analysis.

SO Medical Care. 1994 Jun Vol 32(6) 568-587.

MJ TEST-RELIABILITY. TEST-VALIDITY. MEASUREMENT. HEALTH-CARE-POLICY. HEALTH-CARE-COSTS.

MN HOSPITALS.

ID reliability & validity of hospital performance for finance policy analysis, hospital groups receiving medicare payments.

AB Developed and evaluated hospital performance measures for policy analysis to include aspects of hospital behavior beyond the traditional use of hospital profit margins. The reliability and validity of 33 measures were assessed using descriptive statistics and factor analysis on 3 hospital groups receiving Medicare payments. Five measures were selected to represent the critical aspects of hospital performance: (1) a new technical efficiency measure using data envelopment analysis; (2) the current ratio, depicting short-term financial performance; (3) the ratio of long-term debt-to-net fixed assets, representing long-term viability; (4) total margin, portraying profitability; and (5) Medicare margin, characterizing Medicare's contribution to hospital financial position. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

23 OF 205

AU Heppner-P-Paul. Kivlighan-Dennis-M. Good-Glenn-E. Roehlke-Helen-J. et al.

TI Presenting problems of university counseling center clients: A snapshot and multivariate classification scheme.

SO Journal of Counseling Psychology. 1994 Jul Vol 41(3) 315-324.

MJ TAXONOMIES. STUDENT-PERSONNEL-SERVICES. COUNSELING. COLLEGE-STUDENTS. CLUSTER-ANALYSIS.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID multivariate categorization schema for classification of presenting problem, college counseling center clients.

AB A multivariate categorization scheme for classifying clients' presenting problems was empirically developed. 611 clients who sought services at a university counseling center completed the Computerized Assessment System for Psychotherapy Evaluation and Research (L. McCullough and A. D. Farrell, 1983). Descriptive statistics, cluster analysis, cluster differentiation by external variables, and stability of cluster solutions across subsamples are presented. Nine clusters of clients with different types of presenting problems that were stable across subsamples were identified. This multivariate approach provides a more complex assessment of clients' presenting problems that may have implications for case disposition, therapeutic interventions, prevention interventions, and research pertaining to coping, help seeking, and therapeutic outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

24 OF 205

AU Novy-Diane-M. Nelson-David-V. Goodwin-Jeanette. Rowzee-Robert-D.

TI Psychometric comparability of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for different ethnic subpopulations.

SO Psychological Assessment. 1993 Sep Vol 5(3) 343-349. 01150.

MJ TEST-RELIABILITY. TEST-VALIDITY. STATE-TRAIT-ANXIETY-INVENTORY. RACIAL-AND-ETHNIC-DIFFERENCES. HUMAN-SEX-DIFFERENCES.

MN PAIN. STRESS. ANXIETY. WHITES. BLACKS. HISPANICS. ADULTHOOD.

ID reliability & validity of State Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y, assessment of pain related stress & anxiety, White vs Black vs Latino males vs females.

AB This study, which was based on 285 Ss who were experiencing stressful and potentially anxiety-producing situations associated with pain, revealed comparable psychometric adequacy in descriptive statistics and estimates of internal consistency for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y across different ethnic groups and gender, namely, White, Black, and Latino men and women. Examination of item-remainder correlations identifies certain particularly salient screening items for Black men and underscores the importance of individualized item analysis in the interpretation of obtained scale scores. Consistently strong correlations between A-State and A-Trait scale scores with MMPI Depression and Psychasthenia scales and Beck Depression Inventory scores, as well as with scores on the Beck Hopelessness Scale, provided supportive evidence for convergent validity across the subpopulations. Weaker and more variable correlations obtained with other external measures of psychopathology and psychosocial functioning suggested the possibility of discriminant validity. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

25 OF 205

AU McLinden-Daniel-J. Jinkerson-Darryl-L.

TI Picture this Multivariate analysis in organizational assessment.

SO Evaluation & Program Planning. 1994 Jan-Mar Vol 17(1) 19-24.

MJ MULTIDIMENSIONAL-SCALING. ORGANIZATIONAL-BEHAVIOR. STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS.

ID use of multidimensional scaling & unfolding in organizational assessment.

AB Discusses multidimensional scaling and multidimensional unfolding (MDU) as ways of providing, with a focus on MDU, the proper level of analysis for quantitative data in organizational assessment. First, the use of simple descriptive statistics often fails to adequately portray relationships between variables. Second, although inferential statistics can summarize data and better describe the relationships between variables, these techniques are often based on a priori decisions regarding specific group comparisons within the data. Such a priori decisions may be inconsistent with respondent views. Some multivariate methods, such as MDU, can portray results in a more graphical form or perceptual map. This approach to analysis allows both the clients and stakeholders to 'picture' the results of complex statistical analysis. Two case studies illustrate the application of MDU to specific organizational concerns. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

26 OF 205

AU Rizzuto-Carmela. Bostrom-Janet. Suter-W-Newton. Chenitz-W-Carole.

TI Predictors of nurses' involvement in research activities.

SO Western Journal of Nursing Research. 1994 Apr Vol 16(2) 193-204.

MJ NURSES. EXPERIMENTATION.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID research attitudes & involvement & work environment, nurses.

AB Surveyed 1,2l7 nurses employed at 9 health care agencies concerning their research attitudes, work environment, and research involvement. The most important predictors of the Ss' research involvement were personal factors. Descriptive statistics indicate that nurses value nursing research and want more time for research-related activities. Discriminant function analysis reveals that knowledge gained in prior research instruction, awareness of support for research, and positive attitudes toward research were predictive of Ss' participation in research activities. Whereas situational and other environmental factors contributed to the overall explanation of variance, they were not significant predictors of research activity. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

27 OF 205

AU Butcher-Janice.

TI Socialization of children's playground skill.

SO Perceptual & Motor Skills. 1993 Dec Vol 77(3, Pt 1) 731-738.

MJ PLAYGROUNDS. CHILDHOOD-PLAY-BEHAVIOR. RISK-TAKING. PARENTAL-ATTITUDES. PRACTICE.

MN SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN. CHILDHOOD.

ID opportunities for practice & parental involvement with play & own & parents' perceptions of skill & risk taking, playground skill, 7-9 yr olds.

AB Analyzed the relationship between playground skill (measured on the Playground Skills Test) and several socialization variables, including opportunities for practice and parental involvement with playground play. Data were collected for 64 children (aged 7-9 yrs). Descriptive statistics are presented for availability of playground equipment, frequency of playground play outside of school hours, and amount of parental involvement. Playground proficiency was not related to frequency of playground play or to direct parental support (attendance and assistance while child was at a playground). Parental perceptions of a child's skill and attempts at risk-taking were significantly correlated with playground proficiency. A regression analysis of all socialization variables showed that the only significant predictor of playground proficiency was a child's risk-taking attempts. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

28 OF 205

AU Lambiotte-Judith-G. Skaggs-Lisa-P. Dansereau-Donald-F.

TI Learning from lectures: Effects of knowledge maps and cooperative review strategies.

SO Applied Cognitive Psychology. 1993 Nov Vol 7(6) 483-497.

MJ LECTURE-METHOD. COOPERATIVE-LEARNING. LEARNING-STRATEGIES. LEARNING. ADVANCE-ORGANIZERS.

MN COLLEGE-STUDENTS. ADULTHOOD. FREE-RECALL. METACOGNITION.

ID lists vs knowledge maps in lectures & cooperative vs individual review strategies, free recall & learning & metacognition, college students.

AB 85 undergraduates viewed either knowledge maps or lists while hearing a lecture on descriptive statistics, then reviewed the information alone or with a partner, using either maps or lists as review aids. Measures included free recall, scores on a multiple-choice test, self-reports of prior knowledge and confidence, and repeated-measures ratings of comprehension and predicted test performance. Recall performance was influenced significantly by the interaction of format with confidence; that is, less confident students were helped by having maps while more confident students did better with lists. Map-users annotated their handouts less than list users. Also, the metacognitions of map-users with regard to their comprehension and predicted performance were less accurate than list-users. Map-users with low confidence had the least accurate metacognitions. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

29 OF 205

AU Kohi-Thecla-W. Horrocks-Mona-June.

TI The knowledge, attitudes and perceived support of Tanzanian nurses when caring for patients with AIDS.

SO International Journal of Nursing Studies. 1994 Feb Vol 31(1) 77-86.

MJ HEALTH-KNOWLEDGE. HEALTH-PERSONNEL-ATTITUDES. ACQUIRED-IMMUNE-DEFICIENCY-SYNDROME. NURSES. TANZANIA.

MN HEALTH-CARE-SERVICES. THEORIES. ADULTHOOD.

ID knowledge & attitudes & perception of support when caring for AIDS patients within I. Ajzen's theory of reasoned action framework, nurses, Tanzania.

AB Examines Tanzanian nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward AIDS and their perceived support when caring for patients with AIDS within the conceptual framework of I. Ajzen's (1988) theory of reasoned action. A self-completing questionnaire was used to collect data from a random sample of 180 nurses chosen from 2 teaching hospitals and 2 regional hospitals (45 from each hospital). The questionnaire consisted of 43 knowledge questions, 40 attitude questions, 8 support questions, and 11 demographic factors. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, a t -test, a correlation coefficient, an ANOVA, and a multiple regression. Results showed that 96% of the Ss appeared to have a satisfactory or passing level of knowledge about AIDS but had negative attitudes about caring for patients with HIV/AIDS. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

30 OF 205

AU Pall-Sonia. Vohra-Swasti-S.

TI Comparative profiles of consumer reactions to TV commercials, products and perceived user-image for three cola brands.

SO Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. 1992 Jan-Jul Vol 18(1-2) 67-71.

MJ CONSUMER-ATTITUDES. TELEVISION-ADVERTISING.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID reactions to TV commercials & products & perceived user image for cola brands, consumers, India.

AB Comparative profiles of consumer reactions to TV commercials, products, and perceived user image for 3 cola brands in India were obtained using 30 male and 36 female graduate students. A combination of inferential and descriptive statistics revealed that the 3 cola brands were associated with a distinct perceived user image, that there was generally an overlap between this and the consumer's ideal self-image, that consumer evaluations of the cola advertisements and actual products differed, and that there were a few differences in evaluation due to consumer gender. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************