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1 OF 11555

AU Parker-Christopher-P. Dipboye-Robert-L. Jackson-Stacy-L.

TI Perceptions of organizational politics: An investigation of antecedents and consequences.

SO Journal of Management. 1995 Vol 21(5) 891-912.

MJ ORGANIZATIONAL-CLIMATE. EMPLOYEE-ATTITUDES. GOVERNMENT-PERSONNEL. ORGANIZATIONAL-BEHAVIOR.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID perception of organizational politics, perception of organizational climate, government employees.

AB Examined the relationship between perception of organizational politics and workers' perceptions of organizational climate. Data were gathered from an organizational climate survey using a sample of 1,641 employees of a government organization managing large scale research and development projects. Factor analysis revealed that measures of perceived intergroup cooperation, clarity of roles and responsibilities, and fairness of rewards and recognition were most predictive of politics perceptions. Minority status was the only personal characteristic that predicted politics perceptions. When controlling for its antecedents, perceptions of organizational politics were only related to perceived innovation. Analyses using structural equation modeling indicated that the relationships between politics and its antecedents were not influenced by an overall affective response to the work environment. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

2 OF 11555

AU Scherer-Robert-F. Canty-Ann-L. Peterson-Frederick-L. Cooper-Roger-F.

TI Identification of managerial behavior dimensions in a federal health-care agency.

SO Psychological Reports. 1995 Apr Vol 76(2) 675-679.

MJ MANAGEMENT-PERSONNEL. MANAGEMENT-METHODS. MANAGEMENT-DECISION-MAKING.

MN ADULTHOOD. AGED.

ID dimensions of managerial behavior, 22-66 yr old federal health care managers.

AB Examined the dimensions of managerial behavior used by 267 22-66 yr old federal health care managers using the Manager's Individual Needs Assessment Inventory. Factor analysis indicated 6 underlying dimensions: coaching, responding, planning, self-developing, problem solving, and controlling. Recommendations are provided with respect to the relevance of using these dimensions for organizational training and development activities. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

3 OF 11555

AU Burke-Ronald-J. McKeen-Carol-A.

TI Do managerial women prefer women mentors?

SO Psychological Reports. 1995 Apr Vol 76(2) 688-690.

MJ HUMAN-FEMALES. MANAGEMENT-PERSONNEL. HUMAN-SEX-DIFFERENCES. MENTOR. MALE-FEMALE-RELATIONS.

MN ADULTHOOD. INTERPERSONAL-INTERACTION.

ID experiences & opinions of cross sex mentoring, female managers with female vs male mentors.

AB Compared the experiences of 481 managerial women who had female and male mentors and examined the influence of cross-sex mentoring relationships. Ss first indicated whether their mentors were of the same or of the opposite sex, and then gave their experiences and opinions about cross-sex mentoring on a 9-item questionnaire. Factor analysis results revealed 3 factors that together accounted for 60% of the common variance: same sex easier, public image, and closeness/distance. Results show that Ss reported or expected few difficulties although some findings suggested cross-sex concerns and modest preferences for same-sex mentors. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

4 OF 11555

AU Bauermeister-Jose-J. Bird-Hector-R. Canino-Glorisa. Rubio-Stipec-Maritza. et al.

TI Dimensions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Findings from teacher and parent reports in a community sample.

SO Journal of Clinical Child Psychology. 1995 Sep Vol 24(3) 264-271.

MJ SYMPTOMS. ATTENTION-DEFICIT-DISORDER. HYPERKINESIS. PSYCHOLOGICAL-REPORT.

MN SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN. ADOLESCENCE. PUERTO-RICO. EXPERIMENTAL-REPLICATION. PARENTS. TEACHERS. CHILDHOOD.

ID teacher & parent reports of ADHD symptoms, 9-17 yr olds, Puerto Rico, replication.

AB Used probability community samples of 248 Puerto Rican children (9-17 yrs old) to replicate the bidimensional covariation of teacher and parent reports of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms reported by J. J. Bauermeister (see PA, Vol 79:31275) and J. J. Bauermeister et al (see PA, Vol 79:39598). Parents and teachers completed abbreviated versions of the Spanish translation of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. Factor analysis yielded 2 factors, Inattention and Hyperactivity-Impulsivity, which received identical loadings from parents and teachers. Results replicate previous findings. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

5 OF 11555

AU Duncan-Renae-D. Kennedy-Wallace-A. Patrick-Christopher-J.

TI Four-factor model of recidivism in male juvenile offenders.

SO Journal of Clinical Child Psychology. 1995 Sep Vol 24(3) 250-257.

MJ JUVENILE-DELINQUENTS. HUMAN-MALES. RECIDIVISM. PREDICTABILITY-MEASUREMENT. MODELS.

MN ADOLESCENCE. ADULTHOOD.

ID 4 factor model of recidivism, 14-18 yr old male offenders.

AB Measured relative contribution of multiple variables in predicting recidivism in 129 male delinquents (aged 14-18 yrs at the time of commitment) released from a state training school. Ss completed the Wide Range Achievement Test-Revised, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Revised (WISC--R) or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale--Revised (WAIS--R), and MMPI-2 Depression and Psychasthenia scales. Factor analysis identified 4 predictive factors: Institutional Adjustment, Antisocial Behavior, Intellectual Achievement, and Psychological Distress. A past history of antisocial behavior best predicted recidivism. Results indicate that accurately predicting recidivism for this S population can be done by using a factor-based prediction model. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

6 OF 11555

AU Palacios-Araus-L. Herran-A. Sandoya-M. Gonzalez-de-la-Huebra-E. et al.

TI Analysis of positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia.

SO Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 1995 Sep Vol 92(3) 178-182.

MJ SCHIZOPHRENIA. SYMPTOMS. ADJUSTMENT.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID positive & negative symptoms, functional impairment, schizophrenic patients, Spain.

AB Examined the relationship between positive (PS) and negative (NS) symptoms of schizophrenia, and their effects on functional impairment in 67 schizophrenic patients (mean age 36.7 yrs) in Spain. Scale for the Assessment of the Negative Symptoms, Scale for the Assessment of the Positive Symptoms, and the Disability Assessment Schedule were used to evaluate clinical symptoms and degree of functional impairment. Factor analysis revealed 3 factors: (1) affective flattening, alogia, avolition-apathy, and anhedonia-asociality; (2) formal thought disorder and bizarre behavior; and (3) hallucinations and delusions. NS factor 1 was associated with high degree of functional impairment, poor global functioning and social role. PS factor 3 was related to poor global functioning and frictions in interpersonal relations outside home. Results suggest that the use of 3-syndrome model of schizophrenia may be extended to chronic patient populations. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved).

7 OF 11555

AU Malla-A-K.

TI Negative symptoms and affective disturbance in schizophrenia and related disorders.

SO Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1995 Sep Vol 40(7, Suppl 2) S55-S59.

MJ SCHIZOPHRENIA. SYMPTOMS. TREATMENT. LITERATURE-REVIEW.

ID classification & treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia, literature review.

AB Reviews 49 studies on the classification and treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The relationship between negative symptoms and depression and psychosis are considered. The use of factor analysis and vignettes in separating and measuring negative symptoms with greater accuracy are discussed. (French abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

8 OF 11555

AU Herman-Stahl-Mindy-A. Stemmler-Mark. Petersen-Anne-C.

TI Approach and avoidant coping: Implications for adolescent mental health.

SO Journal of Youth & Adolescence. 1995 Dec Vol 24(6) 649-665.

MJ COPING-BEHAVIOR. MAJOR-DEPRESSION.

MN CHILDHOOD. SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN. ADOLESCENCE. LONGITUDINAL-STUDIES.

ID approach vs avoidant coping strategies & depression, 6th-11th graders, 1 yr study.

AB Conducted a short-term longitudinal study examining the structure of coping behavior and the relationship between coping style and depression during adolescence. 603 adolescents in Grades 6-11 were surveyed in the fall of 1989 and again in the fall of 1990. A 2-dimensional model of coping was found using confirmatory factor analysis, with the factors being approach coping and avoidant coping. Approach copers reported the fewest symptoms of depression, while avoidant copers reported the most. Girls used more approach coping than did boys in all grades. Ss who changed over time from approach to avoidant coping evidenced a significant increase in depressive symptoms, whereas Ss who switched from avoidant to approach coping displayed a significant decrease in depression over 1 yr. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

9 OF 11555

AU Rossler-W. Salize-H-J. Voges-B.

TI Does community-based care have an effect on public attitudes toward the mentally ill?

SO European Psychiatry. 1995 Vol 10(6) 282-289.

MJ MENTAL-ILLNESS-ATTITUDES-TOWARD. COMMUNITY-FACILITIES. CROSS-CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES.

MN ADULTHOOD. GERMANY. EUROPE.

ID attitudes & feelings toward mentally ill & community based care, residents, Belgium vs Germany.

AB Explored the attitudes and feelings toward the mentally ill among the residents of 2 Central European regions that are at different stages of development in moving toward community-based care. Using the telephone survey method, Ss were presented with 2 complexes of questions, measuring the social distance of the interviewee to the mentally ill and his/her feelings toward the mentally ill. Social rejection and feelings of the Ss toward the mentally ill in both regions were similar in direction, but not so much in the intensity. Ss in the community care area showed a slightly stronger rejection; however, factor analysis suggests a more rational and sophisticated position toward the patients in this population. Ss living in the custodially oriented catchment area showed a more vague pattern in their attitudes. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

10 OF 11555

AU Sibilia-Lucio. Picozzi-Roberto. Nardi-Anna-Maria.

TI Identifying a psychological profile of Type A behaviour pattern.

SO Stress Medicine. 1995 Oct Vol 11(4) 263-270.

MJ CORONARY-PRONE-BEHAVIOR. PERSONALITY-TRAITS. ATTITUDES.

MN AGED. WHITE-COLLAR-WORKERS. ADULTHOOD.

ID conceptual model of personality factors & dysfunctional beliefs in Type A behavior pattern, 21-70 yr old male white collar workers.

AB Tested a conceptual model based on personality factors and dysfunctional beliefs associated with Type A behavior pattern (TABP). A cohort of 200 white-collar male workers (21-70 yrs old) were screened on the worksite for cardiovascular risk factors. They completed the Bortner Rating Scale, Maudsley Personality Inventory, and Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS). Results show that Ss possessing TABP were more likely to score higher in neuroticism, and less high in extraversion. They were also more likely to have beliefs typical of anxious and depressed patients. Factor analysis of the DAS revealed 8 factors: Obsessive concerns, disregard for social consideration, inferiority, avoidance of criticism, support-reliance, egotism, emotional detachment, and self-confidence. Two of them were correlated with TABP: Support-reliance in a direct, and self-confidence in an inverse manner. The findings partially support the model. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

11 OF 11555

AU Tang-Catherine-So-kum. Yik-Michelle-S-M. Cheung-Fanny-M-C. Choi-Po-King. et al.

TI How do Chinese college students define sexual harassment?

SO Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1995 Dec Vol 10(4) 503-515.

MJ SEXUAL-HARASSMENT. HUMAN-SEX-DIFFERENCES. SEX-ROLE-ATTITUDES. STEREOTYPED-ATTITUDES. HONG-KONG.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID sex role orientation & attitudes toward women, definitions of sexual harassment, male vs female college students, Hong Kong.

AB Examined 358 male and 491 female Chinese undergraduate and graduate students' definitions of sexual harassment, and assessed the relationship between Ss' perceptions of sexual harassment and Ss' gender, sex role orientation, and attitudes toward women. Ss demonstrated a high level of consensus in regarding overt unwelcome physical contact and coercive sexuality as sexual harassment. Only a small percentage of Ss classified sexist and misogynistic behaviors, pressure for dates, and unsolicited disclosure of personal and emotional feelings as sexually harassing. Factor analysis showed that faculty-student sexual harassment was composed of 3 factors and that peer sexual harassment included 4 factors. Ss' intolerance toward sexual harassment was related to support for gender equality and flexible gender roles. Compared to men, women had broader definitions of sexual harassment and were less tolerant of these behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

12 OF 11555

AU Rogers-Rex-Stainton. Rogers-Wendy-Stainton. Vyrost-Jozef. Lovas-Ladislav.

TI Future imperfect? The aspirations of Slovak and UK young people.

SO Studia Psychologica. 1995 Vol 37(3) 192-194.

MJ CROSS-CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES. PERSONAL-VALUES. ASPIRATIONS. ACHIEVEMENT-MOTIVATION. SOCIAL-VALUES.

MN CZECHOSLOVAKIA. UNITED-KINGDOM. ADULTHOOD. YOUNG-ADULTS.

ID personal & social values & aspirations, college students, Slovak Republic vs UK.

AB Reoperationalized the Rokeach Value Survey (RVS) from the standpoint of Q methodology in order to comparatively assess the aspirations of Slovak and UK youth. 60 Slovak and 60 UK college students were administered a set of modified Rokeach Values, the results of which were analyzed by Q pattern factor analysis. Results indicate that 3 accounts of instrumentality were broadly shared across the 2 cultures, suggestive of the diversity of social narratives among the Ss in both sites as to what is viewed as a desirable or undesirable value strategy. The 3 cross-national configurations differ in that the 1st stresses a 'caring' kind of tribalism, the 2nd a 'bohemian' collectivism, and the 3rd a 'postmodern' perspective. A more self-concerned instrumentality that appeared to owe more to anarchistic values than to traditional notions of conditions for achievement. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

13 OF 11555

AU Randall-Peter.

TI A factor study on the attitudes of children to bullying.

SO Educational Psychology in Practice. 1995 Oct Vol 11(3) 22-26.

MJ VICTIMIZATION. AGGRESSIVE-BEHAVIOR. CHILD-ATTITUDES.

MN CHILDHOOD. SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN.

ID attitudes toward victims of bullying, 10.8-11.7 yr olds in high bullying areas, England.

AB Examined the attitudes of 164 school boys and 152 school girls (10.8-11.7 yrs of age), in the final year of primary school, living in high-bullying areas, towards victims of bullying. The Provictim Scale (K. Rigby and P. T. Slee, 1991) was administered. Analysis of the scores shows that the majority of children were opposed to bullying. They perceived bullying as undesirable, and believed that it should be stopped. Factor analysis of the test items shows that the strongest factor was anti-bullying, followed by negative attitude towards the characteristics of victims, and wish for bullies to be punished and for victims to be defended. It is concluded that high rate bullying in an area is not associated with a weaker provictim response. The results have implications for within-school attempts to prevent bullying. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

14 OF 11555

AU Bickley-Patricia-G. Keith-Timothy-Z. Wolfle-Lee-M.

TI The three-stratum theory of cognitive abilities: Test of the structure of intelligence across the life span.

SO Intelligence. 1995 May-Jun Vol 20(3) 309-328.

MJ INTELLIGENCE. AGE-DIFFERENCES. COGNITIVE-ABILITY. AGING.

MN CHILDHOOD. ADOLESCENCE. ADULTHOOD. CHILDREN. AGED. VERY-OLD.

ID developmental changes over life span in general vs crystallized vs fluid intelligence, 2-90 yr olds.

AB Tested the 3-stratum theory of intelligence, which combines the major aspects of C. E. Spearman's (1927) theory of general intelligence and J. L. Horn and R. B. Cattell's (1966) theory of crystallized and fluid intelligence, using hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis with results from 6,359 Ss, aged 2-90 yrs old, on the Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-Educational Battery. Seven models of intelligence were analyzed, and developmental changes in the structure of intelligence were investigated. Results support the 3-stratum theory and suggest the possibility of intermediate factors between the 2nd and 3rd strata but do not support developmental changes in the organization of cognitive abilities over the life span. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

15 OF 11555

AU Laughlin-Timothy.

TI The school readiness composite of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale as an intellectual screening instrument.

SO Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment. 1995 Sep Vol 13(3) 294-302.

MJ INTELLIGENCE-MEASURES. SCREENING. WECHSLER-PRESCHOOL-PRIMARY-SCALE. CONCURRENT-VALIDITY. SCHOOL-READINESS.

MN CHILDHOOD. PRESCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN. PREDICTIVE-VALIDITY. FACTOR-STRUCTURE.

ID concurrent & predictive validity & factor structure of WPPSI-R vs School Readiness Composite of Bracken Basic Concept Scale, intellectual screening, 4 yr olds.

AB Explored the efficacy of the School Readiness Composite (SRC) of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale as an intellectual screening instrument. The concurrent validity of the SRC and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence--Revised (WPPSI--R) was examined along with the predictive capabilities of the SRC. Data from both instruments were gathered from 83 children (aged 4 yrs 7 mo to 4 yrs 10 mo). Psychoeducational evaluations were conducted using a counterbalanced test administration procedure. Results indicate that the SRC correlated .77 with the WPPSI--R Full Scale IQ and evidenced 59% shared variance. A principal components factor analysis indicated a 2-factor solution for the 2 instruments with the SRC loading highly on the g factor. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

16 OF 11555

AU Kupermintz-Haggai. Ennis-Michele-M. Hamilton-Laura-S. Talbert-Joan-E. et al.

TI Enhancing the validity and usefulness of large-scale educational assessments: I. NELS:88 mathematics achievement.

SO American Educational Research Journal. 1995 Fal Vol 32(3) 525-554.

MJ TEST-VALIDITY. MATHEMATICS-ACHIEVEMENT. ACHIEVEMENT-MEASURES.

MN JUNIOR-HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS. LONGITUDINAL-STUDIES. ADOLESCENCE.

ID improvement of validity & usefulness of mathematics achievement tests in large scale assessments, 8th & 10th graders, National Educational Longitudinal Study, 1988.

AB Demonstrated that the validity and usefulness of mathematics achievement tests can be improved by defining psychologically meaningful subscores that yield differential relations with student, teacher, and school variables. The National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) 8th- and 10th-grade math tests were subjected to full information item factor analysis. Math knowledge and math reasoning factors were distinguished at both grade levels. Regression analyses showed that student attitudes, instructional variables, course, and program experiences related more to knowledge, whereas gender, SES, and some ethnic differences related more to reasoning. Teacher emphasis on higher order thinking, student use of home computers, and early experience with advanced math courses related to both dimensions. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

17 OF 11555

AU Hamilton-Laura-S. Nussbaum-E-Michael. Kupermintz-Haggai. Kerkhoven-Joannes-I-M. et al.

TI Enhancing the validity and usefulness of large-scale educational assessments: II. NELS:88 science achievement.

SO American Educational Research Journal. 1995 Fal Vol 32(3) 555-581.

MJ TEST-VALIDITY. SCIENCE-EDUCATION. ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT. ACHIEVEMENT-MEASURES.

MN JUNIOR-HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS. ADOLESCENCE. LONGITUDINAL-STUDIES.

ID improvement of validity & usefulness of science achievement tests in large scale assessments, 8th & 10th graders, National Educational Longitudinal Study, 1988.

AB Subjected the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) 8th- and 10th-grade science tests to full information item factor analysis. Factors reflecting everyday knowledge, scientific reasoning, chemistry knowledge, and reasoning with knowledge were obtained in 8th grade. Quantitative science, spatial-mechanical, and basic knowledge and reasoning were distinguishable factors in 10th grade. Regression analyses showed that different patterns of prior math and science achievement, and of course taking, were associated with each 10th-grade science factor. Teacher emphasis on problem solving and understanding related more to quantitative science, and basic knowledge and reasoning. Spatial-mechanical reasoning showed the strongest gender and ethnicity effects; it related also to science museum visits but not to instructional variables. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

18 OF 11555

AU Anderson-Karen-O. Dowds-Barbara-Noel. Pelletz-Robyn-E. Edwards-W-Thomas. et al.

TI Development and initial validation of a scale to measure self-efficacy beliefs in patients with chronic pain.

SO Pain. 1995 Oct Vol 63(1) 77-84.

MJ TEST-CONSTRUCTION. CHRONIC-PAIN. SELF-EFFICACY. FACTOR-STRUCTURE. RATING-SCALES.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID development & factor structure of Chronic Pain Self Efficacy scale, patients with chronic pain.

AB Presents the development of the Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale (CPSS), to measure patients' perceived self-efficacy (SE) in coping with the consequences of chronic pain (CP). 141 CP outpatients (mean age 43.69 yrs) completed the CPSS and other measures of psychosocial functioning. An exploratory factor analysis of the CPSS responses identified 3 SE factors: Those for pain management, for coping with symptoms, and for physical function. The CPSS was then administered to a replication sample of 136 CP patients. Factor analysis confirmed the 3-factor structure of the scale. The subscale scores were significantly correlated with measures of depression, hopelessness, somatic preoccupation, and adaptation to CP. Multiple regression analysis provided support for its concurrent and construct validity. It is concluded that the scale may aid in the evaluation of SE beliefs of CP. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

19 OF 11555

AU Steer-Robert-A. Kumar-Geetha. Ranieri-William-F. Beck-Aaron-T.

TI Use of the Beck Anxiety Inventory with adolescent psychiatric outpatients.

SO Psychological Reports. 1995 Apr Vol 76(2) 459-465.

MJ PERSONALITY-MEASURES. FACTOR-STRUCTURE. MENTAL-DISORDERS. ANXIETY.

MN ADOLESCENCE.

ID factor analysis of Beck Anxiety Inventory, 13-17 yr old psychiatric outpatients.

AB Examined the use of the Beck Anxiety Inventory with adolescent psychiatric outpatients. The Beck Anxiety Inventory was administered to 105 outpatients (aged 13-17 yrs) who were diagnosed with mood disorders, adjustment disorders, and other types of disorders. A principal factor analysis was performed, and 2 factors were found representing subjective and somatic symptoms of anxiety. The item compositions of these factors were comparable to those previously described for adolescent inpatients. Results are discussed as supporting the use of the inventory for evaluating self-reported anxiety in outpatient adolescents. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

20 OF 11555

AU Probst-Michel. Vandereycken-Walter. Van-Coppenolle-Herman. Vanderlinden-Johan.

TI The Body Attitude Test for patients with an eating disorder: Psychometric characteristics of a new questionnaire. Special Issue: Body experience.

SO Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention. 1995 Sum Vol 3(2) 133-144.

MJ APPETITE-DISORDERS. BODY-IMAGE. ATTITUDE-MEASURES. FACTOR-ANALYSIS.

MN TEST-RELIABILITY. TEST-VALIDITY. ADULTHOOD. ADOLESCENCE. CHILDHOOD. SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN.

ID factor analysis & reliability & validity of Body Attitude Test, 12-35 yr old females with eating disorders, test appended.

AB Presents the Body Attitude Test (BAT; appended), a self-report questionnaire for female patients with eating disorders. 441 12-35 yr old female patients with anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R) or mixed type, bulimia nervosa (BN), or eating disorders not otherwise specified completed the BAT upon admission to an eating disorder inpatient unit. 60 women in a Weight Watchers program and 581 12-35 yr old normal females also completed the BAT. Ss also completed the SCL-90, Beck Depression Inventory, and measures of eating attitudes and disorders, body image, dissociation, and borderline syndrome. Factor analysis yielded a stable 4-factor structure including negative appreciation of body size, lack of familiarity with body, and body dissatisfaction. AN-R Ss showed a more positive and BN Ss showed a more negative body attitude than did other inpatients. The BAT appears reliable and valid. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

21 OF 11555

AU Osman-Augustine. Besett-Tricia-M. Osman-Joylene-R. Troutman-Josh-A. et al.

TI Systematic evaluation of psychometric properties of the cognition checklist with college students.

SO Psychological Reports. 1995 Apr Vol 76(2) 523-528.

MJ FACTOR-STRUCTURE. ANXIETY. MAJOR-DEPRESSION. COGNITIONS. SYMPTOM-CHECKLISTS.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID statistical fit of Cognition Checklist factor models & association with factors of Brief Symptom Inventory, assessment of anxiety & depression, college students.

AB Examined (1) the statistical fits of previously identified factor models of the Cognition Checklist and (2) the associations of the derived factors of the Cognition Checklist with those of the Brief Symptom Inventory using data from a total of 500 undergraduates in 2 sample groups. Analysis showed that all the models reported previously in the literature fitted the data poorly for the 220 Ss in the 1st sample. Principal components and maximum likelihood exploratory analyses of the responses of the 220 Ss yielded 2 moderately correlated factors. Using data from the 288 Ss in the 2nd sample, LISREL confirmatory factor analyses showed that the 2-factor oblique model provided adequate fit to the observed data. Estimates of internal consistency were .88 and .71. Preliminary normative, convergent, and divergent validity data are reported. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

22 OF 11555

AU Fleck-Marcelo-Pio-de-Almeida. Poirier-Littre-M-F. Guelfi-J-D. Bourdel-M-C. et al.

TI Factorial structure of the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale.

SO Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 1995 Sep Vol 92(3) 168-172.

MJ RATING-SCALES. FACTOR-STRUCTURE. MAJOR-DEPRESSION. COMORBIDITY. MENTAL-DISORDERS.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID factor structure of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, depressed patients with vs without other comorbid mental disorders, France.

AB Examined the factorial structure of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS, M. Hamilton, 1976), and studied the effect of comorbidity on depressive symptoms among French Ss. 60 Ss (mean age 47 yrs), group 1 with mood disorder, and group 2 with depression and presence of comorbidity, completed the 17-item HDRS. Ss were diagnosed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The information for rating the scale was obtained using a semistructured interview. Factor analysis of items revealed 3 principal factors: Core factor of depression (depressive mood, feelings of guilt, retardation of activities, and general somatic symptoms); psychic and somatic anxiety; and insomnia. Comorbidity did not affect the 1st factor, but modified anxiety and insomnia. It is concluded that 1st factor of HDRS is important from the clinical standpoint. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

23 OF 11555

AU Chadwick-Paul. Birchwood-Max.

TI The omnipotence of voices: II. The Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ).

SO British Journal of Psychiatry. 1995 Jun Vol 166(6) 773-776.

MJ TEST-RELIABILITY. TEST-VALIDITY. QUESTIONNAIRES. AUDITORY-HALLUCINATIONS. SCHIZOPHRENIA.

MN SCHIZOAFFECTIVE-DISORDER. ADULTHOOD. COGNITIONS. EMOTIONAL-RESPONSES.

ID reliability & validity of Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire, measurement of cognitive & behavioral & affective aspects of hallucinatory voices, schizophrenic or schizoaffective patients, England.

AB Describes the development and psychometric investigation of the Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), a self-report that measures cognitive, behavioral, and affective reactions to voices. 60 Ss with chronic hallucinatory voices took part. Psychometric properties of the scales were established, including test-retest reliability (mean = 0.89), internal reliability (mean Cronbach's alpha = 0.85), and construct validity using factor analysis and the criterion group method. The BAVQ was found to be easy to complete and the scale may aid clinical assessment of voices, not least because of the possible value of cognitive therapy as a treatment approach. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

24 OF 11555

AU Vella-Brodrick-Dianne-A. Allen-Felicity.

TI Development and psychometric validation of the Mental, Physical, and Spiritual Well-being Scale.

SO Psychological Reports. 1995 Oct Vol 77(2) 659-674.

MJ TEST-CONSTRUCTION. TEST-RELIABILITY. TEST-VALIDITY. WELL-BEING. RATING-SCALES.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID development & validity & reliability of Mental & Physical & Spiritual Well Being Scale, college students.

AB Describes the development and validation of the Mental, Physical, and Spiritual Well-being Scale (MPS). In Study 1, data were collected from 186 undergraduates to design an item bank. Study 2 used 100 Ss' responses to the final MPS version in Study 1 to conduct an exploratory factor analysis of a 66-item version. In Study 3, a 30-item MPS scale was cross validated among 229 university students and 129 adults. In Study 4, concurrent validity of the MPS was examined using the General Health Questionnaire and the Spiritual Well-being Scale among 140 Ss. In Study 5, reliability was examined among 100 undergraduate students. In Study 6, the discriminant validity of the MPS was explored using 88 Ss in highly physical, mental, or spiritual activity groups. Results support the validity and reliability of the MPS scale. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

25 OF 11555

AU Otter-Catherine. Huber-Jorg. Bonner-Adrian.

TI "Cloninger's Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire": Reliability in an English sample.

SO Personality & Individual Differences. 1995 Oct Vol 19(4) 593.

MJ TEST-RELIABILITY. PERSONALITY-MEASURES. QUESTIONNAIRES. ENGLAND. CROSS-CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES.

MN AGED. PERSONALITY-TRAITS. CONSTRUCT-VALIDITY. FACTOR-STRUCTURE. ERRATA. ADULTHOOD.

ID internal consistency & factor structure & construct validity of Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire, 18-76 yr olds, England, comparison with US data, erratum.

AB Reports an error in the original article by C. Otter et al ( Personality & Individual Differences, 1995 (Apr), Vol 18(4), 471-480.) Corrections to the 1st column of table 5, and the factor loading given on the 1st line after table 4, are provided. (The following abstract of this article originally appeared in PA, Vol 82:42423.) 106 English men and 307 English women (all Ss aged 18-76 yrs) completed the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ). Internal consistency, factor structure, and construct validity were investigated, and comparisons were made between the TPQ scores of the English sample and the C. R. Cloninger et al (1991) US data. Doubts were raised about the reliability of some of the 12 subscales of the TPQ. The Harm Avoidance scale was the most reliable, and the Reward Dependence scale the least reliable of the 3 higher order personality scales. Exploratory factor analysis of the 12 subscales produced a 3-factor solution for the women, similar to Cloninger's proposed model, but a 4-factor solution for men. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that there were significant differences between Cloninger's proposed 3-factor solution and the empirically derived solution. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

26 OF 11555

AU Maydeu-Olivares-Albert. DZurilla-Thomas-J.

TI A factor analysis of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory using polychoric correlations.

SO European Journal of Psychological Assessment. 1995 Vol 11(2) 98-107.

MJ CONSTRUCT-VALIDITY. PROBLEM-SOLVING. SOCIAL-INTERACTION. INVENTORIES. FACTOR-ANALYSIS.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID factor analysis & construct validity of Social Problem Solving Inventory, college students.

AB In the present study, factor analyses using polychoric correlations were performed on the total item pool of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory (SPSI) and its 2 major scales and 7 subscales to examine the construct validity of the theoretical model underlying this inventory. The SPSI (T. J. D'Zurilla and A. M. Nezu, see PA, Vol 77:29838) is a theory-driven instrument that was designed to measure two major hypothesized components of the social problem-solving process: (1) problem orientation and (2) problem-solving proper. Data was obtained from undergraduates to whom the SPSI was administered as part of a course requirement. The results indicate that the SPSI is actually measuring 2 different kinds of problem orientation (positive and negative) and 3 different problem-solving styles (a rational/systematic problem-solving style, an impulsive/careless style, and an avoidant style). (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

27 OF 11555

AU Harris-Julie-Aitken.

TI Confirmatory factor analysis of the aggression questionnaire.

SO Behaviour Research & Therapy. 1995 Nov Vol 33(8) 991-993.

MJ FACTOR-ANALYSIS. FACTOR-STRUCTURE. AGGRESSIVENESS. QUESTIONNAIRES.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID confirmatory factor analysis of factor structure of Aggression Questionnaire, college students.

AB Conducted confirmatory factor analysis of the factor structure of the Aggression Questionnaire to assess whether the scale's purported 4 factors emerged. 306 university students completed the questionnaire. Results generally supported the 4-factor model. However, the hostility factor may be improved if 2 items pertaining to suspicion are removed from the scale. These items had relatively low loadings on that factor and decreased the hostility scale's internal reliability. The Aggression Scale could be improved either by remaining with a 4-factor model, with revision to the hostility factor, or by developing a separate suspicion factor, using the 2 suspicion items as a starting point. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

28 OF 11555

AU Seidman-Edward. Allen-LaRue. Aber-J-Lawrence. Mitchell-Christina. et al.

TI Development and validation of adolescent-perceived microsystem scales: Social support, daily hassles, and involvement.

SO American Journal of Community Psychology. 1995 Jun Vol 23(3) 355-388.

MJ TEST-CONSTRUCTION. TEST-VALIDITY. SOCIAL-SUPPORT-NETWORKS. INVOLVEMENT.

MN FAMILY. PEERS. SCHOOLS. NEIGHBORHOODS. ADOLESCENCE. POVERTY. URBAN-ENVIRONMENTS.

ID construction & validity of instruments, assessment of social support & daily hassles & involvement in family & peer & school & neighborhood microsystems, poor urban culturally diverse adolescents.

AB Describes the development and validation of instruments to assess support/cohesion, daily hassles, and involvement within family, peer, school, and neighborhood microsystems. 998 poor, urban, culturally diverse school students from the Adolescent Pathways Project were administered the developed scales before and after transition to junior or senior high school. Factor analyses confirmed the 4-factor microsystem factor structure for support, hassles and involvements; internal consistency and stability coefficients were consistent with these structures. Microsystem factors were common across gender, ethnicity, and age. In cases of group differences on these demographic variables, the salience of microsystem specificity was validated. In contrast to the total scores, the microsystem specific factors yielded meaningful and differential information with regard to demographic differences and the mediating processes across a school transition. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

29 OF 11555

AU Klumb-P-L.

TI Cognitive failures and performance differences: Validation studies of a German version of the cognitive failures questionnaire.

SO Ergonomics. 1995 Jul Vol 38(7) 1456-1467.

MJ FOREIGN-LANGUAGE-TRANSLATION. TEST-VALIDITY. COGNITIVE-ABILITY. QUESTIONNAIRES.

MN AGED. ADULTHOOD. ADOLESCENCE.

ID validity of German version of Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, 16-82 yr olds.

AB Three studies with 463 Ss (aged 16-82 yrs) investigated the relationship of a German version of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire to clearly specified failures in everyday performance The positive correlations were significant but moderate in size. For construct validation, inventories of trait anxiety, coping styles, and action control were used. Most of the correlations were significant and in the expected direction. A maximum likelihood factor analysis of the questionnaire suggested that the utility of the total score may be doubtful. The unidimensionality of the construct requires further investigation. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

30 OF 11555

AU Mason-Oliver.

TI A confirmatory factor analysis of the structure of schizotypy.

SO European Journal of Personality. 1995 Nov Vol 9(4) 271-281.

MJ FACTOR-ANALYSIS. GOODNESS-OF-FIT. FACTOR-STRUCTURE. SCHIZOTYPAL-PERSONALITY. RATING-SCALES.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID confirmatory factor analysis of schizotypy structure & goodness of fit of 2 vs 3 vs 4 factor models, adults.

AB Used confirmatory factor analysis on data from 1,095 Ss to compare several plausible models of the relationship between the different Composite Schizotypy Questionnaire scales. These models include a 2-factor model separating 'positive' from 'negative' schizotypal features, a 3-factor model including features of cognitive disorganization, and the 4-factor model generated previously by exploratory factor analysis. The 4 factors are unusual experiences, introverted anhedonia, cognitive disorganization, and impulsive nonconformity. Results offer support for the 4-factor solution as the only structure meeting multiple criteria for goodness of fit. The relevance of Eysenck's dimensions, and the P scale in particular, to the results is discussed. Attention is drawn to the possibility that the factors describe predispositions of risk of psychotic disorders beyond that of schizophrenia. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************