SEARCH QUERY:

INFERENTIAL STATISTICS

1 OF 86

AU Gardner-William. Mulvey-Edward-P. Shaw-Esther-C.

TI Regression analyses of counts and rates: Poisson, overdispersed Poisson, and negative binomial models.

SO Psychological Bulletin. 1995 Nov Vol 118(3) 392-404.

MJ STATISTICAL-REGRESSION. BINOMIAL-DISTRIBUTION.

ID Poisson regression vs overdispersed Poisson vs negative binomial regression models for analysis of count data.

AB The regression models appropriate for counted data have seen little use in psychology. This article describes problems that occur when ordinary linear regression is used to analyze count data and presents 3 alternative regression models. The simplest, the Poisson regression model, is likely to be misleading unless restrictive assumptions are met because individual counts are usually more variable ('overdispersed') than is implied by the model. This model can be modified in 2 ways to accommodate this problem. In the overdispersed model, a factor can be estimated that corrects the regression model's inferential statistics. In the second alternative, the negative binomial regression model, a random term reflecting unexplained between-subject differences is included in the regression model. The authors compare the advantages of these approaches. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

2 OF 86

AU Bear-Gordon.

TI Computationally intensive methods warrant reconsideration of pedagogy in statistics. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for Computers in Psychology (1994, St Louis, Missouri).

SO Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 1995 May Vol 27(2) 144-147.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS.

MN PROFESSIONAL-MEETINGS-AND-SYMPOSIA.

ID computationally intensive methods of statistical inference & fit with pedagogy in statistics, conference presentation.

AB Computationally intensive methods of statistical inference do not fit the current canon of pedagogy in statistics. Seven pedagogical principles are proposed to accommodate those methods and the logic underlying them. These include defining inferential statistics as techniques for reckoning with chance; distinguishing 3 types of research (sample surveys, experiments, and correlational studies); teaching random-sampling theory in the context of sample surveys, augmenting the conventional treatment with bootstrapping; and noting that random assignment fosters internal but not external validity. The additional principles are explaining the general logic for testing a null model; teaching randomization tests as well as t, F, and x-sup-2; and acknowledging the problems of applying inferential statistics in the absence of deliberately introduced randomness. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1996 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

3 OF 86

AU Blanc-Garin-Jeanine.

TI Patterns of recovery from hemiplegia following stroke.

SO Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. 1994 Dec Vol 4(4) 359-385.

MJ RIGHT-BRAIN. BRAIN-DAMAGE. HEMIPLEGIA. CARDIOVASCULAR-DISORDERS.

MN RECOVERY-DISORDERS. ATTENTION. ADULTHOOD.

ID patterns of behavioral & visual attention impairment & recovery, right brain damaged patients recovering from hemiplegia following stroke, France.

AB Explored the specific difficulties suffered by right brain-damaged patients recovering from hemiplegia. 90 patients in rehabilitation were assessed for behavioral and visual attentional variables. Some of the impairment and recovery variables were used in a factorial analysis in order to obtain subgrouping and 3 axes. The subgroup data (impairment, recovery, and attentional scores) were then analyzed using conventional inferential statistics. For the sample as a whole, attentional disturbances were linked to daily living difficulties. In the functional lag group, contralateral neglect was independent both of ipsilateral attentional performance and recovery slowness in activities of daily living. Results do not confirm the role of contralateral neglect in hampering functional recovery, but they stress the effect of more general attentional factors. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

4 OF 86

AU Pollack-Simcha. Bruce-Peter. Borenstein-Michael. Lieberman-Jeffrey-A.

TI The resampling method of statistical analysis.

SO Psychopharmacology Bulletin. 1994 Vol 30(2) 227-234.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY.

ID resampling methods in analysis of psychopharmacological data.

AB The resampling method is a recent attempt to solve statistical problems with a minimum of assumptions by taking an intuitive approach to inferential statistics that obviates the need for the mathematically derived sampling distribution. Resampling liberates the user from imposing sometimes dubious assumptions. It also directs the user away from a black-box attitude toward statistical analysis, forcing the user to consider the purpose of the inferential process. A user-friendly implementation of resampling methods is found in a computer program called Resampling Stats, version 3.13. This article illustrates the program using psychopharmacological data generated from a study of clozapine in refractory and intolerant schizophrenic patients. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved).

5 OF 86

AU Attanasio-Joseph-S.

TI Inferential statistics and treatment efficacy studies in communication disorders.

SO Journal of Speech & Hearing Research. 1994 Aug Vol 37(4) 755-759.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. TREATMENT-EFFECTIVENESS-EVALUATION. COMMUNICATION-DISORDERS.

ID problems with inferential statistical analysis in treatment efficacy studies in communication disorders.

AB Suggests a reconsideration of the dependence on inferential statistical analyses in treatment efficacy studies in communication disorders. The argument is developed that inferential statistical analyses as part of group research designs do not provide the kinds of data that are useful in determining the efficacy of clinical intervention. Furthermore, misinterpretations of the principles that underlie inferential statistics contribute to the difficulties in building a research base that can be applied to clinical issues. The view is taken that replication studies provide a more fruitful approach to ascertaining the efficacy of clinical intervention. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1995 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

6 OF 86

AU Reales-Jose-M. Ballesteros-Soledad.

TI SDT-SP, a program in Pascal for computing parameters and significance tests from several detection theory designs.

SO Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 1994 May Vol 26(2) 151-155.

MJ COMPUTER-SOFTWARE. SIGNAL-DETECTION-PERCEPTION. STATISTICAL-SIGNIFICANCE.

ID Pascal program SDT-SP, computing parameters & significance tests from detection theory designs.

AB SDT-SP is a program written in Pascal that runs in IBM-compatible computers and calculates descriptive as well as inferential statistics for several experimental designs based on signal detection theory (SDT) and R. D. Luce's (1963) choice theory (e.g., 1-interval designs, rating designs, 2-alternative forced choice (2AFC) designs and m AFC designs, where m is number of response alternatives). The program also generates receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves from individual as well as group d' s, the most important SDT sensitivity measure defined in terms of the distance between the noise and the signal + noise distributions. ROC curve plottings can be obtained merely by pressing a key on the computer keyboard. The program is accurate, menu driven, fast, and easy to use. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

7 OF 86

AU McLinden-Daniel-J. Jinkerson-Darryl-L.

TI Picture this Multivariate analysis in organizational assessment.

SO Evaluation & Program Planning. 1994 Jan-Mar Vol 17(1) 19-24.

MJ MULTIDIMENSIONAL-SCALING. ORGANIZATIONAL-BEHAVIOR. STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS.

ID use of multidimensional scaling & unfolding in organizational assessment.

AB Discusses multidimensional scaling and multidimensional unfolding (MDU) as ways of providing, with a focus on MDU, the proper level of analysis for quantitative data in organizational assessment. First, the use of simple descriptive statistics often fails to adequately portray relationships between variables. Second, although inferential statistics can summarize data and better describe the relationships between variables, these techniques are often based on a priori decisions regarding specific group comparisons within the data. Such a priori decisions may be inconsistent with respondent views. Some multivariate methods, such as MDU, can portray results in a more graphical form or perceptual map. This approach to analysis allows both the clients and stakeholders to 'picture' the results of complex statistical analysis. Two case studies illustrate the application of MDU to specific organizational concerns. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1994 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

8 OF 86

AU McGregor-Josette.

TI Effectiveness of role playing and antiracist teaching in reducing student prejudice.

SO Journal of Educational Research. 1993 Mar-Apr Vol 86(4) 215-226.

MJ ROLE-PLAYING. TEACHING-METHODS. PREJUDICE. RACIAL-AND-ETHNIC-ATTITUDES. META-ANALYSIS.

MN STUDENT-ATTITUDES. STUDENTS.

ID role playing & antiracist teaching, prejudice, students, meta analysis.

AB Meta-analysis was used to integrate findings from studies examining role playing and antiracist teaching to reduce student prejudice. Studies were located according to predetermined criteria, summarized, and the results converted to a standardized score, or effect size. 26 relevant studies were located, yielding 43 effect sizes. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to interpret the effect-size data. Through multiple regression techniques, 65% of the variance was explained, and several moderating variables were found to influence the strategies' effectiveness. Results indicate that role playing and antiracist teaching significantly reduce racial prejudice and do not differ from each other in their effectiveness. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1993 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

9 OF 86

AU Johnson-Blair-T. Turco-Robin-M.

TI The value of goodness-of-fit indices in meta-analysis: A comment on Hall and Rosenthal.

SO Communication Monographs. 1992 Dec Vol 59(4) 388-396.

MJ META-ANALYSIS. STATISTICAL-VARIABLES. VARIANCE-HOMOGENEITY. GOODNESS-OF-FIT. EFFECT-SIZE-STATISTICAL.

MN METHODOLOGY. PROFESSIONAL-CRITICISM.

ID issues & methods in testing for moderator variables in meta analysis & value of homogeneity tests & goodness of fit indices of effect size variability, commentary.

AB Comments that J. A. Hall and R. Rosenthal's (see PA, Vol 79:25947) article on meta-analysis valuably underscores the importance of and techniques for testing for moderators of study outcomes. The authors concur with the view that homogeneity statistics cannot alone test for moderator variables and that tests between mean effect sizes should also be performed. However, these model tests should be based on procedures that take into account the multidimensional nature of the data points being examined and not be based on ordinary inferential statistics. It is demonstrated that homogeneity tests provide additional and valuable information on how well a particular moderator explains the variation of effect sizes. These goodness-of-fit statistics may prove informative, particularly in literatures for which study outcomes are quite variable and for which complete explanations of outcomes are needed. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1993 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

10 OF 86

AU John-I-D.

TI Statistics as rhetoric in psychology.

SO Australian Psychologist. 1992 Nov Vol 27(3) 144-149.

MJ PSYCHOLOGY. STATISTICS.

ID misinterpretative & rhetorical use & exaggerated evidentiary value of statistics within psychology, psychology students, Australia.

AB The confusion and misunderstanding of inferential statistics found among a class of exiting 3rd-yr psychology students is shown to parallel similar reported misunderstandings among the wider psychological community. The history of inferential statistics and of their institutionalization within psychology is briefly described, and some suggested reasons for these developments are discussed. Examples are presented that demonstrate that the rhetorical association of statistical inference with scientific method serves to assert and maintain epistemic authority in psychology. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1993 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

11 OF 86

AU Berkowitz-Leonard.

TI Some thoughts about conservative evaluations of replications.

SO Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. 1992 Jun Vol 18(3) 319-324.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. EXPERIMENTAL-REPLICATION. SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGY.

MN EXPERIMENTATION.

ID conservative tradition in statistical evaluation of replications in social psychology research.

AB An unduly conservative research tradition operates in social psychology to heighten the perception of inconsistency in research replications. This tradition, producing a bias in favor of the null hypothesis, stems from a belief in ''the law of small numbers'' and a failure to appreciate the probabilistic nature of research results so that each replication or dependent measure is expected to be significant at better than the .05 level by itself. The legacy of the conservative approach to inferential statistics, with its emphasis on avoiding Type I errors and neglecting the possibility of Type II errors, is considered. It is noted that social psychological tests of hypothesized relationships are typically low in power. The argument in favor of combining probabilities over the series of replications is supported. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1992 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

12 OF 86

AU Hong-EunSook. ONeil-Harold-F.

TI Instructional strategies to help learners build relevant mental models in inferential statistics.

SO Journal of Educational Psychology. 1992 Jun Vol 84(2) 150-159.

MJ TEACHING-METHODS. CONCEPTUAL-IMAGERY. HYPOTHESIS-TESTING. STATISTICS. MATHEMATICS-EDUCATION.

MN MODELS. COLLEGE-STUDENTS. GRADUATE-STUDENTS. EXPERIENCE-LEVEL. ADULTHOOD.

ID separate vs combined diagrammatic vs descriptive instructional strategy, construction of relevant mental models in hypothesis testing, novice college &/vs graduate students.

AB Conducted a mental model analysis with experts and intermediates in the domain of statistical hypothesis testing to determine the nature of relevant mental models that can be taught to novices. Two instructional strategies were investigated: a presentation sequence (separate vs combined) and a presentation mode (diagrammatic vs descriptive). Protocol analysis on the posttest revealed that students (i.e., novices) who received either the separate or the diagrammatic presentation strategy performed better and developed fewer misconceptions than those who received either the combined or the descriptive presentation strategy. The results suggest the efficacy of using separate and diagrammatic strategies in teaching novices introductory hypothesis testing. That is, the conceptual instruction should be presented prior to the procedural and quantitative instruction, with an emphasis on the use of diagrammatic problem representation. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1992 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

13 OF 86

AU da-Prato-Robert-A.

TI Large-group fantasies versus single-subject science.

SO Topics in Early Childhood Special Education. 1992 Spr Vol 12(1) 54-65.

MJ JUDGMENT. STATISTICAL-NORMS. STATISTICAL-SIGNIFICANCE. SPECIAL-EDUCATION.

MN EXPERIMENTATION.

ID judgment vs normative based assessment of significance of data, implications for special education.

AB In clinical research, multiple replication of single-S or small-N studies corrects deficiencies of monolithic studies. For patient-specific interventions, progress in the clinical sciences requires a return to researcher and clinician judgment-based assessment (JBA) data, a search for obvious differences, and multiple replications in varying boundary conditions. Only collected small-N and single judgment studies provide the practical context for this to happen. Thus, JBA of the clinical significance of data from collected single-S or small studies should replace reliance on predetermined norms of inferential statistics in designing and evaluating trials of clinical intervention. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1992 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

14 OF 86

AU McAdam-Doug.

TI The biographical consequences of activism.

SO American Sociological Review. 1989 Oct Vol 54(5) 744-760.

MJ POLITICAL-ATTITUDES. POLITICAL-PARTICIPATION. ACTIVIST-MOVEMENTS. LIFE-EXPERIENCES.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID participation in high risk activism, long term personality change & political activism & attitudes, adults, 1983-84.

AB Discusses conversion and alternation, and their relevance to activism. Using survey data collected in 1983-1984 on 212 participants in the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Summer project and 118 individuals who applied, were accepted, but did not take part in the project, the author assesses the short- and long-term political and personal consequences of high-risk activism. Both descriptive and inferential statistics are used to demonstrate a strong effect of participation on the subsequent lives of the volunteers and ''no shows'' (NSs). The volunteers were more politically active throughout the 60s than the NSs and remain so. The volunteers are much less likely to be married and to have significantly lower incomes at present than are the NSs. Findings indicate that (1) activism, of the duration and intensity of Freedom Summer, has the potential to trigger a process of alternation that can affect participants' lives and (2) the consequences of this process may be long-term. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1992 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

15 OF 86

AU Maxwell-Scott-E. Howard-George-S.

TI Thoughts on Meehl's vision of psychological research for the future.

SO Psychological Inquiry. 1990 Vol 1(2) 162-164.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. PSYCHOLOGY. THEORY-VERIFICATION. NULL-HYPOTHESIS-TESTING.

MN PROFESSIONAL-CRITICISM.

ID methodological issues in statistical appraisal of psychological theories & influence of K. R. Popper vs I. Lakatos & null hypothesis refutation vs indices for corroboration, commentary.

AB Comments that P. E. Meehl (see PA, Vol 78:31962) has been overly harsh in his evaluation of the role of inferential statistics in psychological research. Researchers may have great difficulty in converting Meehl's examples of point estimation into methodologies they can apply to their own research problems. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

16 OF 86

AU Gilmore-J-Barnard.

TI Randomness and the search for psi.

SO Journal of Parapsychology. 1989 Dec Vol 53(4) 309-340.

MJ PARAPSYCHOLOGY. STATISTICS.

ID complexity of randomness in parapsychology.

AB Argues that the concept of randomness is significantly more complex than is generally appreciated. Research in parapsychology is examined critically in light of certain problems that derive from this complexity. Classical inferential statistics are not appropriate for many parapsychology experiments, and the p values reported in such experiments are often much too low. The use of special research designs, statistical analyses, and publication procedures is recommended for parapsychology and, by extension, for any research domain where effect sizes are very small or the events of interest are very rare. The proposed design calls for experimental (with psi active) and control (with psi absent or blocked) trials to be mixed unpredictably during the experiment. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

17 OF 86

AU Witte-Erich-H.

TI Antworten auf die ""Bemerkungen'' von Diepgen. (Replies to Diepgen's ""observations.'').

SO Psychologische Rundschau. 1991 Jan Vol 42(1) 34-37.

MJ INFERENCE. STATISTICAL-SIGNIFICANCE.

MN PROFESSIONAL-CRITICISM-REPLY.

ID inferential strategy of statistical significance, commentary reply.

AB Replies to R. Diepgen's criticism (1991) of the present author's proposed inferential strategy that integrates diverse theories of inferential statistics (1989). In addition to a general discussion of Diepgen's observations, an analysis is presented of 2 fundamental errors that invalidate Diepgen's arguments. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

18 OF 86

AU Diepgen-Raphael.

TI Inkonsistentes zur Signifikanztestproblematik. Ein Kommentar zu Witte (1989). (Inconsistencies in the significance issue: A commentary on Witte (1989).).

SO Psychologische Rundschau. 1991 Jan Vol 42(1) 29-33.

MJ INFERENCE. STATISTICAL-SIGNIFICANCE.

MN PROFESSIONAL-CRITICISM.

ID inferential strategy of statistical significance, commentary.

AB Critiques E. H. Witte's (1989) proposed inferential strategy that is purported to represent a successful attempt at integrating diverse theories of inferential statistics. The criticism uses mathematical arguments to prove the logical inconsistencies of Witte's strategy. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

19 OF 86

AU Andres-Pueyo-A. Torres-Mercedes.

TI Potenciales evocados cerebrales y reactividad en deficientes mentales. / Reactivity and brain evoked potentials in mental deficiency.

SO Anuario de Psicologia. 1990 Vol 3(46) 65-82.

MJ CORTICAL-EVOKED-POTENTIALS. MENTALLY-RETARDED. EMOTIONALITY-PERSONALITY.

MN ADOLESCENCE. ADULTHOOD.

ID reactivity & brain EPs, mentally retarded 15-19 yr olds, Spain.

AB Studied the relationship between the temperament variable of reactivity and brain evoked potentials (EPs) in mentally retarded Ss. Human subjects: 13 male and female Spanish adolescents and adults (aged 15-19 yrs) (mental retardation). Reactivity was assessed via the Reactivity Rating Scales-RRS2 (E. Friedensberg, 1982), and the influence of reactivity on auditory EPs was estimated using inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

20 OF 86

AU Morera-A. Fernandez-L. Valenciano-R. Sanchez-A. et al.

TI Reactividad al estres y personalidad. / Stress reactivity and personality type.

SO Revista de Psiquiatria de la Facultad de Medicina de Barcelona. 1990 Jul-Aug Vol 17(4) 155-158.

MJ PERSONALITY-TRAITS. STRESS-REACTIONS.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID personality variables, stress reactivity, 18-32 yr olds, Spain.

AB Studied the relationship between personality variables and stress reactivity. Human subjects: 84 male and female Spanish adults (aged 18-32 yrs) (2nd- and 5th-yr medical students). Ss completed a stress reactivity questionnaire (J. L. Gonzalez de Rivera, 1989) and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Adult Form (H. J. Eysenck and S. B. Eysenck, 1986), and relationships were assessed using inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

21 OF 86

AU Arnau-i-Gras-Jaume.

TI Disenos multivariables en evaluacion conductual. / Multivariate designs in behavioral assessment.

SO Anuario de Psicologia. 1989 No 43(4) 99-126.

MJ MULTIVARIATE-ANALYSIS. MULTIPLE-REGRESSION. SOCIAL-SCIENCES.

ID multivariate experimental designs & multiple regression models in behavioral science.

AB Discusses the use of multivariate experimental designs and multiple regression models in behavioral science. Different multivariate experimental designs are discussed, and distinctions between crossed and nested variable structures are described. Inferential statistics appropriate to the various multivariate models are noted. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

22 OF 86

AU Ramos-Brieva-J-A. Rodriguez-Pindado-R. Cordero-Villafafila-A. del-Rio-Vega-J.

TI Desarrollo de un indice de probabilidad de riesgo suicida en las depresiones. / Construction of a probability index of suicide risk in depression.

SO Actas Luso-Espanolas de Neurologia, Psiquiatria y Ciencias Afines. 1989 Sep-Oct Vol 17(5) 333-352.

MJ MAJOR-DEPRESSION. SUICIDE. STATISTICAL-PROBABILITY. MEASUREMENT. TEST-CONSTRUCTION.

MN ATTEMPTED-SUICIDE. SUICIDAL-IDEATION. AT-RISK-POPULATIONS. ADULTHOOD.

ID development of probability index of suicide risk, depressed adults who did vs did not attempt suicide or with vs without suicidal ideation, Spain.

AB Studied suicide among depressed patients, and developed a suicidal risk index for use with depressed patients. Human subjects: 30 male and female Spanish adults (mean age 52 yrs) (depressed patients who attempted suicide). 30 male and female Spanish adults (mean age 52 yrs) (depressed patients who reported suicidal ideation, but who had not attempted suicide). 32 male and female Spanish adults (mean age 58 yrs) (depressed patients who neither reported suicidal ideation nor attempted suicide). 30 male and female Spanish adults (mean age 38 yrs) (psychiatric disorders other than depression). All Ss were interviewed within 3 days of admission, and variables associated with suicide risk were identified via inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

23 OF 86

AU Alcalay-S-Lidia. Milicic-M-Neva. Torretti-H-Alejandra.

TI Analisis de algunos aspectos de la identidad femenina en un grupo de adolescentes mujeres. (Analysis of some aspects of female identity in a group of female adolescents.).

SO Revista Chilena de Psicologia. 1987 Jul Vol 9(1) 65-76.

MJ SEX-ROLES. ADOLESCENT-ATTITUDES. SEX-DISCRIMINATION. SEX-ROLE-ATTITUDES. HUMAN-FEMALES.

MN FEMININITY. ADOLESCENCE.

ID feminine sex role characteristics & attitudes toward sex roles & sexual discrimination, female junior & senior high school students, Chile.

AB Studied feminine sex role characteristics, attitudes toward feminine sex roles, and attitudes toward sexual discrimination. Human subjects: 57 normal female Chilean adolescents (junior and senior high school students) (high socioeconomic status (socioeconomic status (SES))). 54 normal female Chilean adolescents (junior and senior high school students) (middle SES). 45 normal female Chilean adolescents (junior and senior high school students) (low SES). Ss completed a questionnaire, and data were analyzed via inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

24 OF 86

AU Peralta-V. Cuesta-M-J.

TI El valor pronostico de los trastornos cognitivos en la esquizofrenia evaluados por medio del Inventario Psicopatologico de Frankfurt (FBF-3). (Prognostic value of cognitive disorders in schizophrenia evaluated with the Frankfurt Psychopathological Inventory (FBF-3).).

SO Revista de Psiquiatria de la Facultad de Medicina de Barcelona. 1989 Nov-Dec Vol 16(6) 295-302.

MJ PROGNOSIS. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY. SCHIZOPHRENIA.

MN ADULTHOOD.

ID cognitive state indices of Frankfurt Psychopathological Inventory & clinical variables & other prognostic indicators, schizophrenic 18-55 yr olds, Spain.

AB Studied the prognostic value of the FBF-3, a group of clinical variables, and prognostic scales developed by J. H. Stephens et al (1966) and J. S. Strauss and W. T. Carpenter (1974) with schizophrenia patients. Human subjects: 43 male and female Spanish adults (aged 18-55 yrs) (schizophrenia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders--Revised (DSM-III--R) or according to research diagnostic criteria). Ss completed the FBF-3, and data for the other prognostic indicators were compiled from clinical records. Relationships between the cognitive state indices of the FBF-3 and the more traditional prognostic indicators were assessed via various inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1991 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

25 OF 86

AU Hong-EunSook.

TI An instructional strategy to help learners build relevant mental models in inferential statistics: Presentation sequence and presentation mode.

SO Dissertation Abstracts International. 1990 Nov Vol 51(5-A) 1553.

MJ TEACHING-METHODS. CONCEPTUAL-IMAGERY. STATISTICS.

MN MATHEMATICS-EDUCATION. ADULTHOOD.

ID presentation sequence & mode instructional strategy, construction of relevant mental models in inferential statistics, college & graduate students. ************************************************************************

26 OF 86

AU Knapp-Thomas-R.

TI Treating ordinal scales as interval scales: An attempt to resolve the controversy.

SO Nursing Research. 1990 Mar-Apr Vol 39(2) 121-123.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS. MEASUREMENT.

MN PROFESSIONAL-CRITICISM.

ID use of descriptive & inferential statistics for ordinal level variables, commentary.

AB Comments on the controversy regarding the use of traditional descriptive (DES) and inferential (INF) statistics for ordinal-level variables to (1) sort the dimensions of the controversy, (2) summarize contributions that help to clarify the issues, and (3) suggest a solution to the problem. Discussion includes psychometric and DES and INF statistical considerations. Five points are offered as a solution. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1990 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

27 OF 86

AU Andrade-Chittaranjan. Andrade-A-Chitra. Pradhan-N.

TI Inferential statistics for psychiatric research: A consumer-oriented approach: I. The comparison of two means, Part 1.

SO Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine. 1989 Jul Vol 12(2) 65-72.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS.

MN PSYCHIATRY. EXPERIMENTATION. MEAN.

ID inferential statistics in psychiatric research.

AB Seeks to bring the processes involved in inferential statistics within the reach of the average researcher. This article presents a comparison of the means of 2 small (independent) samples (or 1 small and 1 large sample) and gives 3 worked examples. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1990 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

28 OF 86

AU Andrade-Chittaranjan. Andrade-A-Chitra. Pradhan-N.

TI Inferential statistics for psychiatric research: A consumer-oriented approach: I. The comparison of two means, Part 2.

SO Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine. 1989 Jul Vol 12(2) 73-77.

MJ STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS.

MN PSYCHIATRY. EXPERIMENTATION. MEAN.

ID inferential statistics in psychiatric research.

AB Presents a comparison of group means for 2 large groups, comparison of group and population means for small and large groups, and paired paradigms. Five worked examples are given. (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1990 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

29 OF 86

AU Pick-de-Weiss-Susan. Diaz-Loving-Rolando. Rivera-Argon-Sofia. Flores-Galaz-Mirta. et al.

TI Que papel juega la familia en la conducta sexual y anticonceptiva de la adolescente en la Ciudad de Mexico? / The role of the family in sexual and contraceptive behavior of the adolescent in Mexico City.

SO Revista de Psicologia Social y Personalidad. 1987 Jun Vol 3(1) 1-15.

MJ FAMILY-STRUCTURE. FAMILY-RELATIONS. PSYCHOSEXUAL-BEHAVIOR. BIRTH-CONTROL. MEXICO.

MN HUMAN-FEMALES. ADULTHOOD.

ID family structure & communication & relationship, sexual & contraceptive behavior, female 18-19 yr old adolescents, Mexico.

AB Studied the relationships among family structure, family communication and relationship variables, and adolescents' sexual and contraceptive behavior. Human subjects: 464 normal female Mexican adolescents (18-19 yrs) (lower and middle-lower socioeconomic status (SES)) (unmarried). Ss completed a questionnaire, and relationships among variables were assessed via inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1990 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************

30 OF 86

AU Jadresic-M-Enrique.

TI Expresividad emocional familiar y epilepsia. / Familial expressed emotion and epilepsy.

SO Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 1988 Jan-Mar Vol 26(1) 26-31.

MJ EPILEPSY. FAMILY-MEMBERS. EMOTIONALITY-PERSONALITY. EPILEPTIC-SEIZURES.

MN ADULTHOOD. ADOLESCENCE. ANTICONVULSIVE-DRUGS.

ID expressed emotion of family members, seizure frequency, 15-25 yr olds with well vs poorly controlled epilepsy & taking anticonvulsants.

AB Studied the relationship between expressed emotion (EE) of family members and seizure frequency in epilepsy patients. Human subjects: 20 male and female English adolescents and adults (aged 15-25 yrs) (taking anticonvulsant medication) (poorly controlled epilepsy). 22 male and female English adolescents and adults (aged 15-25 yrs) (taking anticonvulsant medication) (well controlled epilepsy). Ss' parents were interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview, and EE was rated from tape recordings of these interviews. Differences in EE between the 2 groups were compared via inferential statistics. (English abstract) (PsycINFO Database Copyright 1990 American Psychological Assn, all rights reserved). ************************************************************************