The second point is that caries is a reversible, multifactorial process of demineralization and remineralization.
To diagnose and treat this process, caries activity and risk must be assessed.
Caries activity describes the status of the
carious process (demin/remin) on an individual tooth surface.
-an active lesion is progressing toward cavitation (demin)
-an inactive lesion is not progressing or is healing (remin).
Caries risk describes the status of the whole patient and can be defined as the likelihood of the patient getting a new cavitation.
Assessment of dental caries risk and caries activity must involve the following:
Host risk factors:
Tooth surface activity assessment
The focus of this course will be upon the biological basis for the treatment of dental caries as an infectious disease process and the resulting implications.