Review Sheet for Language and Neuroscience Midterm

Linguistic Universals

Phonology
Morphology
Lexicon
Syntax
Semantics
Pragmatics

speech perception
coarticulation/ parallel transmission
problem of invariance
segmentation errors

performance/competence distinction

surface structure
deep structure
transformational grammar

garden path sentences
ambiguous sentences

modular position
moses illusion

Language Acquisition
Modular vs. interactionist positions
Basic milestones in development
reduplicated vs. jargon babbling
first "word"
overgeneralization/overregularization
whole object assumption
prosody
pattern recognition

Discourse Comprehension
propositions
surface vs. propositional representations
memory for text
fan effect
structure building
inferences
construction/integration model
schemas

Reading
spelling to sound correspondence
direct vs. indirect lexical access
phonics vs. whole word instruction

Conversation
pragmatics
Grice's conversational maxims
gender differences
differences due to usage/goals of conversation

Nerocognition

Methodologies
CAT scans, PET, fMRI. ERP/EEG. patient populations

Parts of the Brain
          1. Neurons
          2. Synapses
          3. Neurotransmitters
          4. Structures
               a. Old brain   brain stem
               b. Forebrain   subcortical structures
                    Thalamus
                    Hypothalamus
                    Corpus Callosum
                    Hippocampus
                    Amygdala
                    Olifactory bulb
               c. Lobes of the neocortex
                    Frontal
                    Parietal
                    Temporal
                    Occipital
d. Motor and Sensory cortex
Contralaterality
Hemispheric Specialization
Dissociations, Double Dissociations

Blindness
Neglect Patients
Prosopagnosia/Agnosia
Amnesia (Anterograde, retrograde, H.M.)
Episodic/Emotional Memory
Aphasia (Broca's, Wernicke's)
Conduction aphasia, other specific aphasias
Dyslexia
Split Brain Patients
Right Hemisphere Syndrome