Important Ideas for Test 1 (with some helpful comments in parentheses)

History
(know the methodology of each approach and the inadequacies of the two
eary approaches)
        Introspection (Wundt)
        Behaviorism (Watson)
        Cognitive Revolution and the Information Processing Approach

Experimental Design
(be able to define and graph -- and know why they are an important part of
experimental design)
        Independent variable
        Dependent variable
        
Anatomy of the Eye
(know the function of each)
          rods, cones, bipolar cells, ganglion cells, optic nerve
          blind spot, occipital lobe, fovea

Visual Sensory Memory
        Icon experiments
        (be able to describe what we know from these experiments)

Visual Pattern Recognition (know the following ideas and what they imply
about how we recognize visual patterns)

        Template Matching
        Feature Detection
        Recognition by Components
        Bottom-up versus top-down processing
        Influence of Context

        2-D Perceptual cues: surface cues, motion, gestalt cues
        3-D binocular (edge alignment) & monocular depth cues   

The Anatomy of the Ear (know the function of each)
        Eardrum, Hammer, anvil, stirrup, Cochlea, basilar membrane
                     
Auditory Sensory Memory (echoic memory)(know what this experiment tells us)
        The "Three-eared man" procedure;  Shadowing Tasks

Selective Attention (know what each of these says about the way we focus
on incoming information)
        Early Selection (Broadbent, Cherry)
        Later Selection (Treisman, Norman)              
        Cocktail party effect

Divided Attention (know what these findings tell us about how tasks become
easier)
        Automaticity (practice effects, Stroop effect, serial vs. parallel
        processing)
What are some disadvantages of automaticity?