Department Home | Site Map | Contact Us | UIC Home

Robotic surgery Programs

The da Vinci Surgical System is a sophisticated robotic platform designed to enable complex surgery using a minimally invasive approach. The da Vinci System consists of an ergonomic surgeon’s console, a patient-side cart with four interactive robotic arms, a high-performance vision system and proprietary EndoWrist® instruments. Powered by state-of-the-art robotic technology, the da Vinci System is designed to scale, filter and seamlessly translate the surgeon's hand movements into more precise movements of the EndoWrist instruments. The net result is an intuitive interface with breakthrough surgical capabilities.

The da Vinci Surgical System’s main features include Intuitive® motion, high-resolution 3D vision and innovative EndoWrist instrumentation. Intuitive motion refers to the System’s interface, which helps make da Vinci surgery look and feel like traditional “open” surgery. But this is where the similarities end.

The da Vinci System’s high-resolution 3D stereo viewer is designed to provide surgeons with an immersive experience. Unlike conventional approaches, the target anatomy appears at high magnification, in brilliant color and with natural depth of field. To perform a procedure, the surgeon uses the console’s master controls to maneuver the patient-side cart’s four robotic arms, which securely hold the patented EndoWrist instruments and high-magnification endoscopic camera. The EndoWrist instruments’ jointed-wrist design exceeds the natural range of motion of the human hand; motion scaling and tremor reduction further interpret and refine the surgeon’s hand movements. A final hallmark of the da Vinci System is its fail-safe design, incorporating multiple, redundant safety features designed to minimize opportunities for human error when compared with traditional approaches.

The da Vinci System is a remarkable improvement over conventional laparoscopy, in which the surgeon operates while standing, using hand-held, long-shafted instruments, which have no wrists. With conventional laparoscopy, the surgeon must look up and away from the instruments, to a nearby 2D video monitor to see an image of the target anatomy. The surgeon must also rely on his/her patient-side assistant to position the camera correctly. In contrast, the da Vinci System’s ergonomic design allows the surgeon to operate from a comfortable, seated position at the console, with eyes and hands positioned in line with the instruments. To move the instruments or to reposition the camera, the surgeon simply moves his/her hands.

By providing surgeons with superior visualization, enhanced dexterity, greater precision and ergonomic comfort, the da Vinci Surgical System makes it possible for more surgeons to perform minimally invasive procedures involving complex dissection or reconstruction. This ultimately raises the standard of care for complex surgeries, translating into numerous potential patient benefits.

 

The advantages of robotic surgery are:

  • Small incisions. As you can see from the photo, the size of the incision made to fit the surgeon hand is much bigger from the one made to fit the surgical tools used with robotic surgery and this means that only small incisions (up to 1.5 inc.) are performed. This translates with the following advantages.

  • Reduced blood loss no need for transfusion. Small incisions mean: reduced blood loss, the immune system does not suffer, and this type of surgery could be an option for those religions that do not approve transfusions.

  • Reduce post-operative pain.  Because of the tiny incisions and the small surgical tools, the pain related to the surgery is far less than the traditional open surgery.

  • Shorter hospital stays. The overall experience is less traumatic consequentially the recovery is faster than the open surgery.

  • Minimal scarring. Tiny incision translates with minimal scarring.

  • Fewer post-operative complications, including reduced risk of infection. Because of the small surgical tools and the small incisions, there is less possibility for the body to develop infection.

  • Can return to daily activities much faster-day instead of weeks.  Obviously, with the less traumatic surgery experience, you can return to your daily activities soon.

  • Significantly reduce time between surgery and additional therapy i.e. chemotherapy

  •  

     

    © 2007 University of Illinois at Chicago. All rights reserved.