TeX and LaTeX









Introduction to TeX Typesetting System and LaTeX Macros


The TeX typesetting package and the LaTeX macros for document layout system
are available on the ACCC public personal computers. LaTeX and TeX are particularly
useful for scientific, mathematical, and other technical word processing.
 TeX is a typesetting package, which gives you very
fine control over how each portion of text is placed on the page. For more
information, see the TeX Users Group's (TUG) Just
What is TeX?
 LaTeX is a TeX macro package. It is a document layout
system system that allows you to organize text in the various sections of
the document without having to concern yourself with its placement or format.
For more information, see TeX FAQ's What
is LaTeX?
 AmSTeX is an alternate LaTeX macro set developed
by the American Mathematical Society specifically for publications with mathematical
content. For more information, see the AMS Web site:
http://www.ams.org/tex/
 Also there are a number of TeX/LaTeX tools, including
BibTeX, which produces bibliographies.
TeX was originally written by Donald E. Knuth because he didn't like how the
galley proofs of the second volume of his The Art of Computer Programming
series of books looked, and it continues to be developed by Knuth and a group
of individuals. It's a worldwide effort, as evidenced by Pedro J. Aphalo's
page of TeX and LaTeX references.





How TeX/LaTeX/AmSTeX Works


Unlike the WYSIWYG word processing packages that you're probably already familiar
with (Word and WordPerfect, primarily), TeX and LaTeX (using the TeX typesetting
package) originated as a mainframe text format package and they use a multistep
process.
 The desired text is first entered into a file using a text editor. This
"input" file contains both text and either typesetting instructions (TeX)
or document layout commands (LaTeX; these commands describe the separation
of your document text into specific components  title page, headings, paragraphs,
figures, tables, list, bibliography).
 The input file containing the document's text and the typesetting instructions
or layout commands is formatted. Formatting produces an output file containing
the document's text in final formatted form.
 The output file is viewed online or sent to a printer.
When you use TeX or LaTeX, you will have little idea of how your final document
will be formatted until you process the input file and look at the output file.
It's a bit easier with LaTeX, however, because it's a document layout package.
It allows you to pick a general document type, and based on your choice, will
lay out the entire document accordingly. With LaTeX, you do not have to make
choices concerning the specific formatting of any part of your text.





TeX and LaTeX Hardcopy Books and Web Links


The book on:
 TeX is The TeXbook, written by Donald E. Knuth, the author of Tex.
 LaTeX is LaTeX, a Document Preparation System, written by Leslie
Lamport, the original architect and implementer of LaTeX.
 AMSTeX is The Joy of TeX, written by Michael Spivak of the American
Mathematical Society.
For descriptions of all of these books, plus a number of additional books on
TeX and LaTeX, see Books
from Personal TeX, Inc. (Personal TeX also sells them, but you can buy these
books from any bookseller; check around to see if you can get a better price.)
For TeX on the Web, visit:





TeX and LaTeX at UIC


Many of documents listed below are available only in PDF form and as PostScript
files (.ps extension). Most of the TeX files used to produce these the
documents are also available online, in the http://www.uic.edu/depts/accc/software/tex/miscfiles/
directory; they provide good examples of how to use TeX, LaTeX, and these products.
 TeX/LaTeX on ACCC UNIX
 The TeXbook, by Donald E. Knuth
 LaTeX, a Document Preparation System, by Leslie Lamport
 tex and latex on
UNIX at UIC (TeX, LaTeX, and TeX tools), including man pages
 dvips on UNIX at
UIC (TeX PostScript postprocessor), including man pages
 PCTeX: PCTeX is available on the ACCC's public
Windows personal computers; includes plain TeX and the LaTeX and AmSTeX macro
packages.
 OzTeX: OzTeX is available on the ACCC's
Macintosh personal computers; it includes all the popular formats and macro
packages, including plain TeX, LaTeX, AMSTeX, and AMSLaTeX.
 The TeXbook, by Donald E. Knuth
 LaTeX, a Document Preparation System, by Leslie Lamport
 OzTeX
 OzTeX home page
 TeX/LaTeX FAQs and archives
 AmSTeX and AmSLaTeX: AmSLaTeX is a macro
package which provides AmSTeX commands to the LaTeX user, without deviating
from standard LaTeX syntax whenever possible. AmSLaTeX is designed to simplify
the input of mathematical material and format the output according to preset
style specifications. More information is at the AMS Web site:
http://www.ams.org/tex/
 BIBTeX: BibTeX, a program originally designed
to produce bibliographies in conjunction with LaTeX, is explained in Section
4.3 and Appendix B of Leslie Lamport's LaTeX manual
 TeX/LaTeX layout tips and tools





TeX Printing and File Viewing Tools



