The Art History Imagebase: AH111

Below, organized in roughly the order of your syllabus, are some of the images-- paintings, maps, photographs, works of sculpture, works of architecture, city plans, designed objects-- that you will look at over this semester. If you have a particular interest in a given period, go to the link page for the Links to Other Art Sites On the Web to access museum collections like Florence's famed Uffizi Gallery, and other sources of works of art.

 



 

Early Renaissance Art in Europe


To see a specific image, click on the title:

Map of 15th Century Renaissance Europe
 
 
Jan and Hubert van Eyck. Ghent Alterpiece. (opened) 1432. oil on panel. Flemish
 

Jan and Hubert van Eyck. Ghent Alterpiece. (closed) 1432. oil on panel. Flemish
 

Villard, [Sketches of Heads, Birds, Architecture] ca. 1235a.d.

 
Claus Sluter, Well of Moses, 1395-1406. limestone sculpture. French.

 
Limbourgh Brothers, [February, from] Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry , ca. 1416. illuminated manuscript page. Flemish.
 
 
Melchior Broederlam. Annunciation and Visitation (left); Presentation in the Temple and Flight into Egypt (right), 1394-99.oil on panel. Flemish
 

Rogier Campin, Annunciation with Donors and St. Joseph, ca.1425. oil on panel. Flemish.
 

Rogier Campin, detail of St. Joseph, ca.1425. oil on panel. Flemish.

 
Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife, Giovanna Cenami [known as the Arnolfini Wedding Portrait , 1434. oil on panel. Flemish.
 

Rogier van der Weyden, Deposition, from an altarpiece commissioned by the Crossbowmen's guild, 1435. oil on panel. Flemish.
 

Rogier van der Weyden, Portrait of a Lady , ca. 1460. oil and tempera on panel. Flemish.
 

Hans Memling. Saint Ursula reliquary, 1789. painted and gilded oak. Flemish
 

Hans Memling. Martydom of Saint Ursula, detail of the Saint Ursula reliquary
 

Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece, 1474-76. tempera and oil on panel. Flemish.
 

Hugo van der Goes,  central panel of the Portinari Altarpiece showing the adoration of Christ, 1474-76. tempera and oil on panel. Flemish.
 

Johann Gutenberg, [page from the Gutenberg Bible], 1455. movable typography. German.

 
Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome of Florence Cathedral, 1414-36. architecture. Italian.
 

Filippo Brunelleschi, drawing of the Dome of Florence Cathedral, 1414-36. architecture. Italian.
 

Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome of Florence Cathedral, 1414-36. architecture. Italian.
 

Filippo Brunelleschi, Ospedale degli Innocenti, ca. 1419-24. architecture. Italian.
 

Filippo Brunelleschi, Pazzi Chapel, exterior, ca. 1420-60. architecture. Italian.
 

Filippo Brunelleschi, Church of San Lorenzo, plan including his Old Sacristy, ca. 1421-46. architecture. Italian.
 

Filippo Brunelleschi, Church of San Lorenzo, nave, ca. 1421-46. architecture. Italian.
 

Michelozzo di Bartolommeo,  Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, b.1444. architecture. Italian.
 

Leon Battista Alberti, Palazzo Rucellai, 1455-70. architecture. Italian.
 

[Spatial analysis: Pictorial devices used to depict recession in space.]
 

Lorenzo Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise (East Doors), Baptistry of San Giovanni,  1425-52. sculpture. Italian.
 

Donatello, Feast of Herod, panel of baptismal font, c.1425. sculpture. Italian.
 

Donatello, David, 1430-32. bronze sculpture. Italian.
 

Donatello, Mary Magdalen. c. 1455. polichromy and gilt on wood. Italian.

 
Masaccio, Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and Donors, c. 1425. fresco. Italian.
 

Masaccio and Masolino, Branacci Chapel, Church of Santa Maria del Crmine, c. 1423-28. fresco. Italian.
 

Masaccio, Tribute Money in the Branacci Chapel, 1427. fresco. Italian.
 

Fra Filippo Lippi., Virgin and Child, c. 1452. oil on panel. Italian.

 
Andrea del Castagno, Last Supper, 1447. fresco, in the Refectory of the Monastery of Sant'Apollonia, Florence. Italian.

 
Paolo Uccello, The Deluge in the Church of Santa Maria Novell, Florence c. 1450. fresco. Italian.
 

Dominico del Ghilandaio, A man with His Grandchild, c. 1480-90. panel painting. Italian.

 
Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus, c. 1485. panel painting. Italian.
 

Sandro Botticelli. Primavera, c 1482. panel painting. Italian.

 
A.A. (anonymous artist), Hunt of the Unicorn-- the Unicorn at the Fountain, ca. 1500. tapestry. French.
 

Leon Battista Alberti, Tempio Malatesta, Church of San Francesco, Rimini, designed c.1450. architecture. Italian.
 

Leon Battista Alberti, plan of the Church of Sant'Andrea, Mantua, designed c.1470. architecture. Italian.
 

Leon Battista Alberti, facade of the Church of Sant'Andrea, Mantua. architecture. Italian.
 

Leon Battista Alberti, nave of the Church of Sant'Andrea, Mantua. architecture. Italian.
 

Donatello, Equestrian monument of Erasmo da Nari, (Gatamelata), Piazza del Santo, Padua, 1443-53. bronze sculpture. Italian.
 

Andrea del Verrocchio, Equestrian monument of Bartolommeo Colleoni, Venice, c.1481-96. bronze sculpture. Italian.
 

Piero della Francesca, Discovery and Testing of the True Cross, 1454-58. fresco. Italian.
 

Piero della Francesca, Battista Sforza (left) and Federico Montefeltro (right),  1472-73. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Piero della Francesca, Baptism of Christ. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Andrea Mantegna, Camara Picta, Ducal Palace, Mantua, 1474. fresco. Italian.
 
 
Andrea Mantegna, the Dead Christ, possibly 1470s-80s. Italian.
 

Pietro Perugino, Delivery of the Keys to Saint Peter, 1482. fresco, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome. Italian.
 

Gentile Bellini, Procession of the Relic of the True Cross before the Church of San Marco, 1496. oil on canvas. Italian.
 

Giovanni Bellini, Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints.., from the chapel for the Ospedale of Sangiobbe, Venice, c.1478-79. panel painting. Italian.

 



 

Renaissance Art in Sixteenth Century Europe


To see a specific image, click on the title:

Leonardo [often known as Leonardo da Vinci] [Scientific proportion study: male body], drawing, 15-16th century , Italian
 

Leonardo, The Last Supper, 1495-98. tempera and oil on plaster, Italian
 

Leonardo, Virgin and Saint Anne with the Christ Child and the Young John the Baptist. c. 1500-1. charcoal on brown paper. Italian.
 

Leonardo, Mona Lisa. c. 1503-6. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Raphael, The Small Cowper Madonna, c. 1505. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Raphael, The School of Athens, 1509-11. fresco. Italian
 

Correggio, Jupiter and Io, ca. 1532. Italian.
 

Corregio, Assumption of the Virgin, c. 1520-24. fresco. Italian.
 

Jacopo Sansovino, Bacchus, 1511. marble sculpture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Tumb of Giuliano de' Medici, c.1519-34. marble sculpture. Italian.
 

Interior of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, b.1475-81. architecture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Pieta.  c.1500.  marble sculpture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, David.  1501-4.  marble sculpture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Sistine Ceiling, 1508-12. fresco. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Last Judgment, 1536-41. fresco. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Pieta (Rondanini Pieta), 1555-64. marble sculpture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Piazza del Campidoglio, designed  c.1563. architecture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, Plan for New Saint Peter's, Vatican, Rome, c.1546-64. architecture. Italian.
 

Michelangelo, exterior and dome of New Saint Peter's, Vatican, Rome, c.1546-64. architecture. Italian.
 

Giorgione, The Tempest, c.1510. oil on canvas. Italian.
 

Titian, Venus with a Mirror, c.1555. oil on canvas. Italian.
 

Jacopo Sansovino, Library of San Marcos, Piazza San Marcos, Venice, 1536. architecture. Italian.
 

Palladio, Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, exterior view, Venice, b. 1566. architecture. Italian.
 

Palladio, Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, interior view, Venice, b. 1566. architecture. Italian.
 

Palladio, Villa Rotonda, Vicenza, exterior view, 1566-69. architecture. Italian.
 

Palladio, Villa Rotonda, Vicenza, plan, 1566-69. architecture. Italian.
 

Pontormo, Entombemt,1525-28. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, c. 1535. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Bronzino, Ugolino Martelli, c.1535. oil on panel. Italian.
 

Bronzino, Venus, Cupid, Time and Folly, ca. 1546. Italian.
 

Sofonisba Anguissola, The Chess Game, 1555. oil on canvas. Italian.
 

Benvenuto Cellini. Saltcellar of Francis I., 1539-43. gold with enamel. Italian.
 

Hieronymous Bosch, Garden of Delights, ca. 1505-1515. oil on panel. Flemish.
 

Pieter Breughel the Elder, Months: January-- The Return of the Hunters, 1575. oil on canvas. Flemish.
 

Matthias Grunwald. Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), c. 1510-15. oil on panel. German
 

Matthias Grunwald. Isenheim Altarpiece (opened, central panels), c. 1510-15. oil on panel. German
 

Albercht Durer, Self-Portrait with a Spring of Eryngium,1493. parchment on linen.German
 

Albrecht Durer, Apocalypse: 21-- Four Horsemen, 1511. woodcut. German.
 

Albrecht Durer, Adam and Eve , 1504. engraving. German.
 

Albrecht Durer, St. Jerome In His Study , 1514. engraving. German.
 

Hans Holbein the Younger. Artist's Wife and Children. 1528-29. tempera on paper on limewood.German
 
 
Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera. El Escorial, Madrid. 1563-84. architecture. Spanish
 

El Greco. Burial of Count of Orgaz, Toledo, 1586. oil on canvas. Spanish

 
El Greco. View of Toledo,1612. oil on canvas.Spanish

 
 



 

Baroque, Rococo and Early American Art

to see a specific image, click on the title:

Hyacinthe Rigaud. Louis XIV, 1701. oil on canvas. French
 

Giacomo da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta. Church of  Il Gesu (plan), Rome, c/ 1568-84. architecture. Italian
 

Giacomo da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta. Church of  Il Gesu (exterior view), Rome, c/ 1568-84. architecture. Italian
 

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Baldacchino, Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican, Rome, 1624-33.architecture. Italian
 

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Saint Peter's Square, Vatican, Rome, 1656-57.architecture. Italian
 

Gianlorenzo Bernini, Piazza, St. Peter's , 1656. architecture rendered in engraving. Italian.
 

Francesco Borromini.San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, (plan), Rome, b. 1638. architecture. Italian
 

Francesco Borromini.San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, (dome interior), Rome, 1638-45. architecture. Italian
 

Francesco Borromini.San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, (facade), Rome, 1638-45. architecture. Italian
 

Gianlorenzo Bernini, The Altar, Coronaro Chapel, 1645-1652. sculptural architectural setpiece. Italian.
 

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Saint Teresa of Avila in Ecstasy in the Coronaro Chapel, Rome, 1645-52. marble sculpture. Italian
 

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Four Rivers Fountain, Piazza Navona, Rome, 1648-51. marble sculpture. Italian
 

Pietro da Cortona. Triumph of the Barberini, ceiling fresco in the Grand Salon in the Palazzo Barberini, Rome, 1633-39. fresco. Italian
 

Caravaggio, Entombment painted for the Vittrice Chapel, Rome, ca. 1603. oil on canvas. Italian
 

Caravaggio, Calling of Matthew, ca. 1599-1602. oil on canvas. Italian
 

Artemisa Gentileschi, La Pintura, self-portrait, 163.. oil on canvas.Italian
 

Artemis Gentileschi, Judith and her Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, ca. 1630s. oil on canvas. Italian.
 

Louis le Vau, Claude Perrault, and Charles le Brun, Palais du Louvre, Paris, 1667-1670. architecture. French.
 

Louis le Vau and Jules Hardin-Mansart, Versailles, aerial view, 1665-85. architecture and landscape design. French
 

Louis le Vau and Jules Hardin-Mansart, Versailles, garden facade, 1665-85. architecture and landscape design. French
 

Louis le Vau and Jules Hardin-Mansart, architects and landscape architects, Versailles[the Chateau and Gardens, from a painting by J.B. Martin], ca. 1745. architecture and landscape design. French.
 

Louis le Vau and Jules Hardin-Mansart, architects and landscape architects, Versailles [L'Orangery], ca. 1745. architecture and landscape design. French.
 

Jules Hardin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors, Versailles, 1665-85. architecture. French
 

 King's Bedchamber, Versailles, 1668. architecture. French
 

 corner and ceiling of the Solon Mercury, Versailles, 1668. architecture. French
 

Claude Lorrain, Landscape with Merchants, 1630. oil on canvas. French.

 
Nicolas Poussin, Landscape with St. John on Patmos (detail), 1645-50. oil on canvas. French.
 

Nicolas Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego, 1655. oil on canvas. French.
 

Diego Velazquez, Water Carrier of Seville, c. 1619.oil on canvas. Spanish
 

Diego Velazquez, Los Borrachos, c. 1629.oil on canvas. Spanish
 

Diego Velazquez, Las Meninas [the Maids of Honor], 1656. oil on canvas. Spanish.
 

Diego Velazquez, Las Meninas [detail], 1656. oil on canvas. Spanish.
 

Petrus Paul Rubens, The Raising of the Cross, Antwerp, Belgum, 1609-10. oil on canvas. Flemish

 
Petrus Paul Rubens, Henri IV Receiving the portrait of Marie de' Medici, 1621-25. oil on canvas. Flemish.
 

Petrus Paul Rubens, Leda and the Swan, 1601-2. oil on canvas. Flemish.
 

Anthony Van Dyck, Charles I at the Hunt, 1635. oil on canvas. Flemish.
 

Frans Hals, Catharina Hooft and Her Nurse, c.1620. oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Frans Hals, Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of Saint Jorisdoelen, c.1627. oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Rembrandt van Rijn, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632. painting. Netherlandish
 

Rembrandt van Rijn, Captain Frans Banning Cocq Mustering His Company (The Night Watch), 1642. oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Rembrandt van Rijn, Self-Portrait. 1659. oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Rembrandt van Rijn, The Jewish Bride, c.1665. oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Rembrandt van Rijn, Self Portrait, 1659. painting. Netherlandish
 
 
Pieter de Hooch, Courtyard of a House in Delft, .oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Pieter de Hooch, Linen Cupboard, 1663.oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Albert Cuyp, Maas at Dordrecht, c.1660.oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Jan Vermeer, Allegory of the Art of Painting, 1670-75.oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Wilhelm Kalf, Still Life with Lemon Peel. 1659. oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Rachel Ruysch, Flower Still, after 1700.oil on canvas. Netherlandish
 

Inigo Jones, Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, (facade) London, 1619-22.architecture. English
 

Inigo Jones, Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, [interior view, ceiling paintings by P.P. Rubens, 1630-35] London, 1619-22.architecture. English.
 

Christopher Wren, Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, (facade) 1675-1709. architecture. English.
 

Christopher Wren, Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, (plan and section) 1675-1709. architecture. English.
 

John Vanbrugh, Blenheim Palace, (general view) 1705-21. architecture. English.
 

John Vanbrugh, Blenheim Palace, (plan) 1705-21. architecture. English.
 

Germain Boffrand, Salon de la Princesse, Hotel de Soubise, Paris, 1732. architecture. German.
 

Francois de Cuvillies the Elder, Mirror Room, Munich, Germany, 1734-39. architecture. German.
 

Johann Balthasar Neumann.  Kaisersaal (Imperial Hall), Residenz, Wurzburg, Germany, 1719-44. [Frescoes by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, 1751-52.] architecture. German
 

Johann Balthasar Neumann.Church of the Vierzenheiligen, Germany, (facade) 1743-72. architecture. German.
 

Johann Balthasar Neumann.Church of the Vierzenheiligen, Germany, (plan) 1743-72. architecture. German.
 

Johann Balthasar Neumann.Church of the Vierzenheiligen, Germany, (interior) 1743-72. architecture. German.
 

Jean-Antoine Watteau. The Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717.oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Antoine Watteau. The Signboard of Gersaint, c.1721.oil on canvas. French.
 

Francois Boucher, Le Dejeuner (Luncheon), 1739.oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Simeaon Chardin, House of Cards, c.1741.oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Simeaon Chardin, Soap Bubbles, c.1745.oil on canvas. French.
 

Honore Fragonard, The Rendevous , from The Stages of Love, 1771-2. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Broken Eggs, 1756. oil on canvas. French.
 

Potpurri jar, from Sevres Royal Porcelain Factory, France, 1758. porcelain vessel. French.
 

Sevres Porcelain production facility, Vessel: Jardinieres , 1757. porcelain vessel. French.
 

Parson Capen House, Topsfield, Massachusetts, 1683. architecture. American.

 
Mrs. Freake and Baby Mary, c.1674. oil on canvas. American.
 

John Smibert, Dean George Berkeley and His Famly (The Bermuda Group),1729. oil on canvas. American.
 
 
John Singleton Copley, Mrs. Ezekiel Goldthwait (Elizabeth Lewis),1771. oil on canvas. American.

 



 

Neoclassicism and Romanticism in Europe and the United States


To see a specific image, click on the title:
 
Johann Zoffany. Academicians of the Royal Academy. 1771-72. oil on canvas. English
 

Giovanni Antonio Canal (Canaletto). Landscape, Venice. c. 1740. oil on canvas. Italian
 

Giovanni Paolo Panini. View of the Piazza del Popolo, Rome. 1741. oil on canvas. Italian
 

Antonio Canova. Maria Paulina Borghese as Venus Victrix. 1808. marble sculpture. Italian
 

Richard Boyle (Lord Burlington), and William Kent, Chiswick House, London, begun 1725. architecture. English.
 

Richard Boyle (Lord Burlington), and William Kent, plan of Chiswick House, London, begun 1725. architecture. English
 

Robert Adam. Anteroom, Syon House. 1760-69. architecture. English
 

Josiah Wedgwood and factory, ["Jasper" vessel/vase with stand], ca. 1780. ceramic pottery vase. English.
 

Josiah Wedgwood and factory, [The apotheosis of Homer], 1786. ceramic pottery vase. English.
 

John Wood the Elder and John Wood the Younger, The Circus, Bath, England 1754-58. architecture. English
 
 
Henry Flitcroft and Henry Hoare, The Park at Stourhead with Stone Bridge and Pantheon. ca. 1721. landscape architecture and architecture. English.
 

Horace Walpole and others, Strawberry Hill. 1749-77. architecture. English.
 

Charles Barry and Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin, Houses of Parliament. 1836-60. architecture. English
 

William Hogarth. The Marrige Contract, from Marriage a la Mode. 1743-45. oil on canvas. English
 

Joshua Reynolds, Sarah Bunbury: Sacrificing to the Graces, 1763-65. oil on canvas. English
 

Joseph Wright, A Philosopher Giving a Lecture on the Orrey. 1766. oil on canvas. English
 

Benjamin West, Death of General Wolfe. 1770. oil on canvas. English
 

John Singleton Copley, Watson and the Shark. 1778. oil on canvas. English
 

John Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare. 1781. oil on canvas. English
 

John Constable,  The White Horse. 1819. oil on canvas. English
 

John Constable, Landscape: the Haywain, 1821. oil on canvas. English.
 

Joseph Mallord William Turner, The fighting "Temeraire", Tugged to Her Last Berth to Be Broken Up. 1838. oil on canvas. English
 

Jacques Sufflot, the Pantheon (Church of Sainte-Genevieve), 1757-1790. architecture. French.

 
Jacques Sufflot, the Pantheon, plan. 1757-1790. architecture. French.
 

Claude-Nicolas Ledoux, Pavillion du Madame du Barry,  in the Chateau de Louvenciennes. c. 1771. architecture. French
 

Etienne-Louis Boullee, exterior and cross section of the project of the Cenotaph for Isaac Newton. 1784. architecture. French
 

Jean-Antoine Houdon,  George Washington. 1788-92. marble scultpture. French
 

Adelaide Labille-Guiard, Self Portrait with Two Pupils. 1785. oil on canvas. French
 

Jacques-Louis David, M. Stanislaw Kotska Potocki, 1781. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jacques-Louis David, the Oath of the Horatii, 1786. oil on canvas. French.

 
Jacques-Louis David, the Death of Marat, 1793. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jacques-Louis David, Coronation of Napoleon I, 1807. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jacques-Louis David, Cupid and Psyche, 1824. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Large Odalisque, 1814. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Apotheosis of Homer, 1827. oil on canvas. French.
 

Theodore Gericault. Raft of the "Medusa", 1818-19. oil on canvas, French.
 

Anonymous, Patriotic Degreasing: Paris, 1789. engraving with added color. French.
 

Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830. oil on canvas. French.
 

Eugene Delacroix, Women of Algiers, 1834. oil on canvas. French.
 

Karl Gotthard Langhans. Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, 1788-91. architecture. German.

 
Thomas Jefferson, Monticello, 1770-1809. architecture. American.
 

Hiram Powers, the Greek Slave, 1849. sculpture. American.

 
George Catlin, Buffalo Bill's Back: Fat, Head Chief..., 1832. oil on canvas. American.
 

Thomas Cole, Niagara Falls, 1830-1831. oil on canvas. American.

 
Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836.oil on canvas. American.
 

George Caleb Bingham, Fur Traders Descending the Missouri, c.1845. oil on canvas. American.
 

 



 
 
 
 

Realism to Impressionism in Europe and the United States


To see a specific image, click on the title:
 

Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, London, 1850-51. iron and glass, architecture. English
 

Charles Garnier, the Opera, Paris, 1861-7. architecture. French.
 

Charles Garnier, the Opera [interior], Paris, 1861-7. architecture. French.
 

Adolphe-William Bouguereau, Nymphs and a Satyr, 1873. oil on canvas. French.
 

Jean-Leon Gerome, the Death of Caesar, 1859. oil on canvas. French.
 

Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre, The Artist's Studio,  1837. daguerreotype. French.
 

Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre, A Parisian Boulevard, 1839. daguerreotype positive photograph. French.
 

William Henry Fox Talbot, The Open Door,  1843. print from a calotype negative. English.
 

Oscar Rejlander, The Two Paths of Life, 1857.print. Sweden.
 

Nadar, Portrait of Charles Baudelaires, 1863. silver print.French.
 

Jean-Francois Millet, The Gleaners, 1857. oil on canvas. French.
 

Gustave Courbet. The Stone Breakers, 1849. oil on canvas. French.
 

Honore Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1862. oil on canvas. French.
 

Honore Daumier, This Year, Venuses Again... Always Venuses!, no. 2 of the sketches made at the Salon from Le Charivati, 1864. French.

 
Frederic Edwin Church, Niagara, 1857. oil on canvas. American.
 

Timothy H. O'Sullivan,  Ancient Ruins in the Canon de Chelley, Arizona, 1873. albumen print. American.
 

Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, 1863. oil on canvas. American.
 

James A. McNeill Whistler, Black Lion Wharf, 1859. etching and drypoint. American expatriate living and working in England.
 

Eadweard Muybridge, Fall of the Yosemite River, seen from Glaciar Point, 1872. photograph from wet-plate negative. American.

 
Eadweard Muybridge, Baseball: Batting, 1887. multiple high-speed-motion photographs. American.
 

Edouard Manet, Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe, 1863. oil on canvas. French.
 

Edouard Manet, Olympia, ca. 1863. oil on canvas. French.
 

Edouard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 1881-82. oil on canvas. French.
 

Claude Monet, The Artist's Garden at Argenteuil, 1872. oil on canvas. French.
 

Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral: The portal (in Sun), 1894. oil on canvas. French.
 

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Moulin de la Galette, 1876. oil on canvas. French.
 

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Luncheon of the Boating Party, 1881.oil on canvas. French.
 

Edgar Degas. Ballet Rehersal, c.1847. oil on canvas. French.
 

Mary Cassat, Lydia in the Loge with Pearl Necklace, 1878. oil on canvas. American.
 

Gustave Caillebotte, Place de l'Europe on a Rainy Day, 1877. painting. French.

 
Georges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Isle of la Grande Jatte, 1884-88. oil on canvas. French.

 


 

Across Cultures: Landscape and Migration


To see a specific image, click on the title:
 
Art of India after 1100:

Anonymous, Taj Mahal, Agra, India, 1632-54. architecture. Indian.
 

Anonymous, Taj Mahal [detail], Agra, India, 1632-54. architecture. Indian.
 

Anonymous artist, The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshavara, 12th century. gilt-bronze sculpture. Indian.

 
Anonymous artist, detail of a leaf with The Birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sutra, c.1375-1400. gouache on paper. Indian.
 

Anonymous, outer gopura of the Minakshi-Sundareshvara Temple, 13th-10th centures, architecture Indian.
 

Anonymous artist, page with Hamaza's Spies Scale the Fortress, c.1567-82. gouache on paper. Indian.
 

Abul Hasan and Manohar, page with Jahangir in Darbar, from the Jahangir-nama, c.1620. gouache on paper. Indian.
 

Anonymous artist, page with Krishna and the Gopis, from the Gita Govinda, c.1525-50. gouache on paper. Indian.
 

Anonymous artist, Hour of Cowdust, from Punjab Hills, c.1790. gouache on paper. Indian.
 

B.P. Mathur and Pierre Jeanneret. Gandhi Bhavan, Punjab University, Chandigarh, 1959-61. architecture. Indian.
 

 Chines Art after 1280:

Anonymous, Garden of the Cessation of Official Life, Ming dynasty16th century. architecture and landscape design. Chinese.
 

Zhao Mengfu, section of Autumn Colors on the Qiao and Hua Mountains, Yuan dynasty, 1296. handscroll, ink and color on paper. Chinese.
 

Ni Zan, The Rongxi Studio, Yuan dynasty, 1372. hanging scroll, ink on paper. Chinese.
 

Yin Hong, Hundreds of Birds Admiring the Peacocks, Ming dynasty, c.15th-early 16th centuries. hanging scrill, ink and color on silk. Chinese.
 

Qiu Ying, section of Spring in the Han Palace, Ming dynasty, first half of 16th century. handscroll, ink and color on silk. Chinese.
 

Anonymous artist, armchair, Ming dynasty, 16th-17th century. huanghuali wood (resewood). Chinese.
 

Anonymous, The Forbidden City, Ming dynasty. architecture Chinese.
 

Shen Zhou, Poet on a Mountain Top, leaf from an album of landscapes, Ming dynasty, c.1500. ink and color on paper. Chinese.
 

Dong Qichang. The Qingbian Mountains, Ming dynasty, 1617. hanging scroll, ink on paper. Chinese.
 

Wang Hui. A Thousand Peaks and Myriad Ravines. Qing dynasty, 1693. hanging scroll, ink on paper. Chinese.
 

Shitao. Landscape, leaf from an album of landscapes. Qing dynasty, c.1700. ink and color on paper. Chinese.
 

Wu Guanzhong, Pine Spirit, 1984. ink on paper. Chinese.
 
 
 Japanese Art after 1392:

Katsushika Hokusai, The Great Wave. Edo Period, c.1831. polychrome woodblock printo on paper. Japanese.
 

Bunsei, Landscape, Mirumachi period, mid-15th century. hanging scroll, ink and light colors on paper. Japanese.
 

Sesshu, Winter Landscape, Muromachi perioc, c. 1470's. ink on paper. Japanese.
 

Ikkyu, Calligraphy Pair, from Daitoku-ji, Muromachi period, c. mid 15th century. ink on paper. Japanese.
 

Anonymous, The Zen Garden at the Monastery of Ryoan-Ji, Muromachi period,  c.1480. architecture and landscape design. Japanese.
 

Anonymous, Himeji Castle, Muromachi period, 1601-9. architecture. Japanese.
 

Kano Eitoku, panels of the central room of the Juko-in, Momoyama period, c.1563-73. ink and gold on paper. Japanese.
 

Sen no Rikyu, Tai-an tearoom, Myoki-an Temple, Momoyama period, 1582. architecture. Japanese.
 

Anonymous, Katsura Palace gardens, early 1660's. architecture and landscape design. Kyoto.
 

Anonymous, The Shokintei [tea-house], Katsura Palace, early 1660's. architecture. Kyoto.
 

Anonymous, garden and pond seen from the interior of the Shokintei, Katsura Palace, early 1660's. architecture and landscape. Kyoto.
 

Anonymous, first room of the Shokintei, Katsura Palace, early 1660's. architecture. Kyoto.
 

Anonymous, interior of the Shokintei, Katsura Palace, early 1660's. architecture. Kyoto.
 

Tawaraya Sotatsu, pair of six-panel screens, known as the Matsushima screens, Edo period, 17th century. ink, mineral colors, and gold leaf on paper. Japanese.
 

Uragami Gyokudo, Geese Aslant in the High Wind, Edo period, 1817. ink and light colors on paper. Japanese.
 

Hakuin Ekaku, Bodhidharma Meditating. Edo period, 18th century. ink on paper. Japanese.
 

Negasawa Rosetsu, Bull and Puppy, [one of six-panel screens], Edo period, 18th century. ink and goldo wash on paper. Japanese.
 

Suzuki Harunobu, Geisha as Daruma Crossing the Sea, Edo period, mid-18th century. color woodcut. Japanese.
 

Tosa Mitsouki, Flowering Cherry/Autumn Maple, Edo dynasty. painted screen. Japanese.
 

Art of the Americas after 1300:

Anonymous, a view of the world, detail from Codex Fejervary-Mayer, Aztec or Mixtec, c.1400-1521. paint on animal hide. Mexican.
 

Anonymous. Rock-Cut Temple Staircase and Guardian Figure,  Aztec Temple at Malinalco, 15th century. architecture. Mexican.
 

Anonymous, The Mood Goddess, Coyolxauhqui, Aztec, 15th century. stone sculpture. Mexican.
 

Anonymous, Machu Picchu, Inka, 15th-16th centureis. architecture. Peruvian.
 

Anonymous, tunic, Inka, c.1500. wool and cotton. Peruvian.
 

Annonymous, llama, Inka, 15th century. cast silver with gold and cinnabar. Peruvian or Bolivian.
 

Map of the Southwestern areas of North America with locations of ruins and historical grouping.
 

Anonymous, shoulder bag, Kansas, c.1860. wool fabric, cotton fabric and thread, silk ribbon, and glass beads. Native American.
 

Anonymous, blackfoot women raising a tepee, c.1900. photograph. Native American

 
Anonymous, Crow design on teepee, Crow Tribe, Sioux nation, 19th century. painted fabric housing. Native American.
 

Anonymous, Custer's Last Stand, Crow Tribe, Sioux nation, c. 1890.  painted cloth teepee lining.  Native American.
 

Anonymous, battle-scene hide painting, North Dajita, Mandan, 1797-1805. tanned buffalo hide, dyed porcupine quills, and pigment. Native American
 

Anonymous, Cliff House at Mesa Verde, Anasazi, 12th century. architecture/city planning. Native American.

 
Spruce Tree House at Mesa Verde, Anasazi, 12th century. architecture. Native American.

 
North Courtyard, Spruce Tree House at Mesa Verde, Anasazi, 12th century. architecture. Native American.

 
Map of Southwestern North America showing contemporary location of various tribes.

 
Kachina dancer at festival, holding cattails, Jemez Pueblo, ca. 1960. costume and sacred dance.  Native American.

 
Cross section of a Hopi & Zuni Pueblo, architecture. Native American.
 

Architect unknown, view of a Hopi Pueblo. architecture. Native American.
 

Artists unknown, Kachina dolls,  Hopi Pueblo, various dates, late 19th century to present. Native American.

 
James Abert, artist, Pueblo of Acoma, Acoma Pueblo, 1846. drawing of native architectural site. Native American. 
 

Traditional pueblo village of Acoma, commonly known as "Sky City", photographed about 1990.
 

Artist unknown. Acoma polychrome pot, Acoma Pueblo, c. 1875-1880. painted pottery.  Native American.

 
Various artists. Acoma polychrome pots, Acoma Pueblo, c.1990.  Native American.

 
Artist unknown, ["moqui-style" blanket, Navajo nation, c.1850. woven cloth blanket.  Native American.

 
Artist unknown, "Germantown" blanket, Navajo nation, 1880s. woven cloth blanket. Native American.

 
Artist unknown, "pictorial" blanket with railroad design,  Navajo nation, c.1880. woven cloth blanket. Native American.
 

Artis unknown, blanket with sic figures, Navajo nation, woven cloth blanket. Native American.

 
Mrs. Sam Maurelito, weaver, after Hosteen Klah, Dineh healer, Whirling Log Ceremony Sand Paintingca. Navajo nation, 1925. tapestry taken from sacred sand painting.  Native American.
 

Artist unknown, sand painting, Navajo nation. sand painting. Native American.

 
Artist unknown, Navajo Rug: Biwing Plane, Navajo nation, c.1937.  cloth woven rug.  Native American.

 
Various Navajo hogan types, Navajo nation, dates ranging from 1860s to early 20th century. architecture.  Native American.

 
"Log" or "railroad-tie" hogan under construction, c.1936. architecture. Navajo nation. Native American.
 

Diagram of an earthlodge, Pawnee people, symbolism in architecture. Native American.
 

Artist unknown, Grizly bear house partition screen, from the house of Chief Shakes of Wrangell, Tlingit, c.1840. cedar, native paint and human hair. Native American
 

Artist unknown, half black/red mas,  Onondaga people, Iroquois Nation, 1880-90. sculpture. Native American.
 

Mungo Martin, House &Totem Pole, Kwakiutl people, 1952-3.architecture and sculpture. Native American
 
Art of the Pacific Cultures:

Anonymous. Tapa Cloth, no date, probably 20th century. textile. Polynesian [compare with Gauguin, in Modernism section]
 

Art of Africa in the Modern Era:

Anonymous, head, 13th century. terracota sculpture. Nigeria
 

Anonymous, head of a king, 13th century.  sculpture. Nigeria
 

Anonymous, Finial of a spokesperson's staff (okyeame poma), Ashanti culture, 20th century. wood and gold sculpture. Ghana
 

Anonymous, gilded staffs held by royal spokesmen, Ashanti culture, 20th century. wood and gold sculpture. Ghana
 

Anonymous, Queen mother and child, Ashanti culture. sculpture. Ghana.
 

Anonymous, Kente cloth, Ashanti culture, 20th century. silk. Ghana.
 

Anonymous, Kente cloth detail, Ashanti culture, 20th century. silk. Ghana.
 

Anonymous, stools of the Head bureaucrat, Ashanti culture. Ghana.
 

Anonymous, golden stool , Ashanti culture. Ghana.
 

Anonymous, doll (biiga), Mossi culture, mid 20th century. wood sculpture. Burkina Faso
 

Anonymous, twin figures (ere ibeji), Yoruba culture, 20th century. wood sculpture. Nigeria
 

Anonymous, dance staff depicting Eshu, Yoruba culture, 20th century. wood sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, mother and child, Yoruba culture, wood and beads sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, crown, Yoruba culture, beads sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, Queen Mother head, Benin culture, 16th century. bronze sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, male head [type I], Benin culture, 16th century. bronze sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, female head [type III], Benin culture, 16th century. bronze sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, pendant, Benin culture, 16th century. ivory sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, plaque with equestrian figure, 16th century. sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Two masks in performance, Bwa culture, 1984. wood, mineral pigments and fiber costumes. Burkina Faso.
 

Anonymous, Nowo mask, Mende culture, 20th century. wood sculpture. Sierra Leone.
 

Anonymous, female mask [Sowei], Mende culture, wood sculpture. Sierra Leone.
 

Anonymous, Bwami mask, Lega culture, early 20th century. wood and kaolin sculpture. Zaire.
 

Anonymous, spirit figure (boteba), Lobi culture, 19th century. wood sculpture. Burkina Faso.
 

Anonymous, power figure (nkisi nkonde), Kongo culture, 19th century. wood, nails, pins, blades, and other materials. sculpture. Zaire.
 

Anonymous, spirit spouse (blolo bla), Baule culture, early 20th century. wood sculpture. Cote d'Ivoire.
 

Anonymous, portrait figure (ndop) of Shyaam a-Mbul a-Ngwoong, Kuba culture, mid 17th century. wood sculpture. Zaire.
 

Anonymous, Ekpo mask, Anang Ibibio culture, late 1930's. wood sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Anonymous, Kanaga mask, Dogon culture, early 20th century. wood sculpture. Mali.
 

Anonymous, Primordial couple, [front view] Dogon culture, wood sculpture. Mali
 

Anonymous, Primordial couple, [back view] Dogon culture, wood sculpture. Mali
 

Anonymous, reliquary guardian (nlo byeri), Fang culture, 19th century. wood sculpture. Gabon Fang.
 

Anonymous, ancestor screen (duen fobara), Kalabari group, Ijo culture, 19th century. wood sculpture. Nigeria.
 

Spirit mask in performance, Guro culture, early 1980's. polychrome wood sculpture. Cote d'Ivoire.
 

Anonymous, [Mythic Ancestor Mask], Kuba Tribe, 19th century.  sculpture.  Zaire.
 

Ouattara, Nok Culture, 1993. acrylic and mixed mediums on wood. African.
 

Magdalene Odybdi, Asymmetrical Angled Piece, 1991. reduced red clay. African.
 

Tshibumba, Belgian Colony 1885-1959, 1970's. painting. African.
 

Cheri-Aire Samba, Paris is clean, 1989. painting. African.
 

quilt, bible textile, c.1886, fabric. African-American.
 

Faith Ringgold, Who's Bad, 1988. fabric. African-American.
 

John Biggers, Quilting Party, 1980-81. fabric. African-American.
 

John Biggers, Quilting Party [detail], 1980-81. fabric. African-American.
 

Lois Mailou Jones, Ascent of Ethiopia, 1932. painting. African-American.
 

M.V.W. Fuller, Awakening of Ethipia, 1921. bronze sculpture. African-American.

 


 

The Rise of Modernism in Europe and the United States


To see a specific image, click on the title:
 

Gustave Caillebotte, Place de l'Europe on a Rainy Day, 1877. painting. French.

 
Georges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Isle of la Grande Jatte, 1884-88. oil on canvas. French.

 
Auguste Rodin, the Burghers of Calais. 1884-88. bronze cast sculpture. French.

 
Vincent Van Gogh, The Harvest at La Craw..., 1888. oil on canvas. Dutch.

 
Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Moulin de la Galette, 1889. oil on canvas. French.

 
Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We?..., 1897. oil on canvas. French.

 
McKim, Mead and White, architects, Boston Public Library, 1887. architecture. American.

 
Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building, New York City, 1911-1913. architecture. American.

 
Henri Matisse, Woman With Hat, 1904-5. oil on canvas. French.

 
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon, 1907. oil on canvas. French.

 
Anonymous. Grebo Mask, date unknown, probably 19th century. Ivory Coast/Liberia.

 
Pablo Picasso, A Bottle of Suze, 1912. oil on canvas with additions. French.

 
[copy of Le Journal for November 18, 1912, entire front page], 1912. newspaper design. French.

 
Giacomo Balla, Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912. oil on canvas. Italian.

 
Ernst Kirchner, Peter Schlemihl: Conflict, 1915. woodcut. German.
 
 
Diego Rivera, Contradictions Between Rich and Poor, #01, 1923-28. painted mural. Mexican.

 
Jose Orozco, Zapata, 1926. oil on canvas. Mexican.

 
Thomas Hart Benton, Arts of the West, 1932. oil on canvas. American.

 
Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater: the Kaufmann House at Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1936-39. architecture. American.

 
William Gropper, Sweatshop, 1938. ink on paper drawing. American.

 
Edward Hopper, Nighthawks, 1942. oil on canvas. American.

 



 

Art and War


To see a specific image, click on the title:
 

Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917. readymade: porcelain mass-produced urinal and paint. French.

 
Georg Grosz, Little Woman Slayer, 1918. painting. German.

 
Hannah Hoch, Cut With the Kitchen Knife: dada, 1919-1920. photomontage. German.

 
Kathe Kollwitz, The Mothers and the War, 1922-23. woodcut. German.

 
John Heartfield, After Ten Years: Fathers and Sons, 1924. photomontage used as magazine illustration. German.

 
Vladimar Tatlin, Tatlin Tower, 5/1/26, 1926. sculptural maquette as it appeared in Mayday parade. Rissian.

 
Kazimir Malevich, Black Suprematist Square, 1914-1915. oil on canvas. Russian.

 
Adolph Speer, Zeppelinfeld[dirigible-airfield], 1936. architecture. German.

 
Arno Breker, Comrades, ca. 1930-early '40s. bas-relief sculpture. German.

 
Anonymous, Hitler Visiting the 'Great German Art Exhibition" at the House of German Art, 1939. photograph. German.

 



 
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Art In Europe and the United States Since World War II


To see a specific image, click on the title:
 

Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm, 1950. oil on canvas. American.

 
David Smith, Tantotem IV, 1953. steel sculpture. American.

 
Louis Kahn, Jonas Salk Institute, the North Building, La Jolla, California, 1959-65. architecture. American.

 
Walter Netsch, Designer, for Skidmore, Owings, Merrill, Architects, UICC: Plans and Explanation of Field Theory, ca. 1963. architectural renderings. American.

 
Walter Netsch, Designer, for Skidmore, Owings, Merrill, Architects, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle[aerial view], ca. 1965. architecture/city planning. American.

 
Yves Klein, Installation of Anthropometrics, 1960. performance art. French.

 
Claes Oldenburg, The Store, an Installation, 1961. mixed media installation piece. American.

 
Diane Arbus, Child With Toy Hand-Grenade In Central Park, 1962. photograph. American.

 
Andy Warhol, Marilyn Monroe Diptych, 1962. mixed media. American.

 
Ben Vautier, Flux Holes with ..., 1963-64. sculptural assemblage. French.

 
Joseph Kosuth, One & Three Chairs, 1965. sculptural installation. American.

 
Donald Judd, Untitled, 1969. sculpture. American.

 
A. Neel, Andy Warhol, 1970. oil on canvas. American.

 
Robert Filliou, Installation of Dice, 1984. installation art. French.

 
Martin Puryear, Lever #2and Untitled, 1988-89.sculpture. American.

 
Nan Goldin, Joey & Andres in the Hotel Askanischerhof, 1992. photograph. American.

 
John Cage, Rolywholyover (detail), 1993. installation. American.
 

C. Schneemann, Up to and Incliding, 1973. performance art. American.

 
Joseph Beuys, Coyote (I Like America & America Likes Me), 1974. performance/ sculpture. German.

 

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