Plant Species of the James Woodworth Prairie Preserve

Click on the scientific name to open a plate with images of the species. The extinction/colonization slide show investigates turnover of plant species at this prairie.

RED color in left column indicates NOT present recently Click for Slide Show on Extinction and Colonization Rates at JWP

GREEN in 2nd column introduced species

Only Species present since 2000 are on list CoC = Coefficient of Conservativism from S&W (1994)
Capital letters in left column are non-native species
Right column green Autochthonous to JWP
Swink and Wilhelm (1994) NAMES USDA NAMES http://plants.usda.gov/ CoC S&W 1994 Chicago Physiognomy
ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM YARROW Achillea millefolium L. var. millefolium common yarrow * FORB
Agalinis tenuifolia SLENDER FALSE FOXGLOVE Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. slenderleaf false foxglove 7 FORB Annual
AGROPYRON REPENS QUACK GRASS Elymus repens (L.) Gould quackgrass * Grass
Agropyron trachycaulum unilaterale BEARDED WHEAT GRASS Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex Shinners ssp. subsecundus (Link) A.& D. Löve slender wheatgrass 8 Grass
AGROSTIS ALBA REDTOP Agrostis gigantea Roth redtop * Grass
Agrostis hyemalis TICKLE GRASS Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.) B.S.P. winter bentgrass 1 Grass
ALLIARIA PETIOLATA GARLIC MUSTARD Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande garlic mustard * FORB biennial
Allium canadense WILD ONION Allium canadense L. meadow garlic 2 FORB
Allium cernuum NODDING WILD ONION Allium cernuum Roth nodding onion 7 FORB
Ambrosia artemisiifolia elatior COMMON RAGWEED Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourtils annual ragweed 0 FORB Annual
Ambrosia trifida GIANT RAGWEED Ambrosia trifida L. great ragweed 0 FORB Annual
Amorpha canescens LEAD PLANT Amorpha canescens Pursh leadplant 9 Shrub
Andropogon gerardii BIG BLUESTEM GRASS Andropogon gerardii Vitman big bluestem 5 Grass
Andropogon scoparius LITTLE BLUESTEM GRASS Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash var. scoparium little bluestem 5 Grass
Anemone cylindrica THIMBLEWEED Anemone cylindrica Gray candle anemone 6 FORB
Antennaria neglecta CAT'S FOOT Antennaria howellii Greene ssp. neodioica (Greene) Bayer Howell's pussytoes 4 FORB
Apios americana GROUND NUT Apios americana Medik. groundnut 7 FORB
Apocynum sibiricum PRAIRIE INDIAN HEMP Apocynum cannabinum L. Indianhemp 2 FORB
ARCTIUM MINUS COMMON BURDOCK Arctium minus Bernh. lesser burrdock * FORB biennial
Arenaria lateriflora WOOD SANDWORT Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl bluntleaf sandwort 8 FORB
Asclepias incarnata SWAMP MILKWEED Asclepias incarnata L. swamp milkweed 4 FORB
Asclepias purpurascens PURPLE MILKWEED Asclepias purpurascens L. purple milkweed 8 FORB
Asclepias sullivantii PRAIRIE MILKWEED Asclepias sullivantii Engelm. ex Gray prairie milkweed 8 FORB
Asclepias syriaca COMMON MILKWEED Asclepias syriaca L. common milkweed 0 FORB
Asclepias tuberosa BUTTERFLY WEED Asclepias tuberosa L. butterfly milkweed 7 FORB
Asclepias verticillata WHORLED MILKWEED Asclepias verticillata L. whorled milkweed 1 FORB
ASPARAGUS OFFICINALIS ASPARAGUS Asparagus officinalis L. asparagus * FORB
Aster azureus SKY-BLUE ASTER Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Riddell) Nesom var. oolentangiense skyblue aster 8 FORB
Aster ericoides HEATH ASTER Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.) Nesom var. ericoides white heath aster 5 FORB
Aster laevis SMOOTH BLUE ASTER Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) A.& D. Löve var. laeve smooth blue aster 9 FORB
Aster novae-angliae NEW ENGLAND ASTER Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) Nesom New England aster 4 FORB
Aster pilosus HAIRY ASTER Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Nesom var. pilosum hairy white oldfield aster 0 FORB
Aster simplex PANICLED ASTER Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd.) Nesom ssp. lanceolatum var. lanceolatum white panicle aster 3 FORB
Baptisia leucantha WHITE WILD INDIGO Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. macrophylla (Larisey) Isely white wild indigo 8 FORB
Baptisia leucophaea CREAM WILD INDIGO Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Ell. var. leucophaea (Nutt.) Kartesz & Gandhi longbract wild indigo 10 FORB
BARBAREA VULGARIS YELLOW ROCKET Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. garden yellowrocket * FORB biennial
Bidens frondosa COMMON BEGGAR'S TICKS Bidens frondosa L. devil's beggartick 1 FORB Annual
Bouteloua curtipendula SIDE-OATS GRAMA Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. sideoats grama 8 Grass
BROMUS COMMUTATUS HAIRY CHESS Bromus racemosus L. bald brome * Grass annual
BROMUS INERMIS HUNGARIAN BROME Bromus inermis Leyss. smooth brome * Grass
Bromus kalmii PRAIRIE BROME Bromus kalmii Gray arctic brome 10 Grass biennial
Cacalia plantaginea PRAIRIE INDIAN PLANTAIN Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf. groovestem Indian plaintain 10 FORB
Calamagrostis canadensis BLUE JOINT GRASS Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv bluejoint 3 Grass
Camassia scilloides WILD HYACINTH Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory Atlantic camas 6 FORB
CAPSELLA BURSA-PASTORIS SHEPHERD'S PURSE Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. shepherd's purse * FORB annual
Carex bicknellii COPPER-SHOULDERED OVAL SEDGE Carex bicknellii Britt. Bicknell's sedge 10 Sedge
Carex brevior PLAINS OVAL SEDGE Carex brevior (Dewey) Mackenzie shortbeak sedge 4 Sedge
Carex buxbaumii DARK-SCALED SEDGE Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb. Buxbaum's sedge 9 Sedge
Carex cristatella CRESTED OVAL SEDGE Carex cristatella Britt. crested sedge 4 Sedge
Carex pellita BROAD-LEAVED WOOLLY SEDGE Carex pellita Muhl ex Willd. woolly sedge 4 Sedge
Carex pensylvanica COMMON OAK SEDGE Carex pensylvanica Lam. Pennsylvania sedge 5 Sedge
Carex sartwellii RUNNING MARSH SEDGE Carex sartwellii Dewey Sartwell's sedge 6 Sedge
Carex stricta COMMON TUSSOCK SEDGE Carex stricta Lam. upright sedge 5 Sedge
Carex tetanica COMMON STIFF SEDGE Carex tetanica Schkuhr rigid sedge 9 Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea BROWN FOX SEDGE Carex vulpinoidea Michx. fox sedge 2 Sedge
CHENOPODIUM ALBUM LAMB'S QUARTERS Chenopodium album L. lambsquarters * FORB annual
CHRYSANTHEMUM LEUCANTHEMUM PINNATIFIDUM OX-EYE DAISY Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. oxeye daisy * FORB
CICHORIUM INTYBUS CHICORY Cichorium intybus L. chicory * FORB
Cicuta maculata WATER HEMLOCK Cicuta maculata L. spotted water hemlock 6 FORB
CIRSIUM ARVENSE FIELD THISTLE Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada thistle * FORB
Cirsium discolor PASTURE THISTLE Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng. field thistle 2 FORB biennial
CIRSIUM VULGARE BULL THISTLE Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. bull thistle * FORB biennial
Comandra umbellata FALSE TOADFLAX Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. bastard toadflax 7 FORB
CONVALLARIA MAJALIS LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY Convallaria majalis L. European lily of the valley * FORB
CONVOLVULUS ARVENSIS FIELD BINDWEED Convolvulus arvensis L. field bindweed * FORB
Convolvulus sepium HEDGE BINDWEED Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. americana (Sims) Brummitt hedge false bindweed 1 FORB
Coreopsis palmata PRAIRIE COREOPSIS Coreopsis palmata Nutt. stiff tickseed 6 FORB
Coreopsis tripteris TALL COREOPSIS Coreopsis tripteris L. tall tickseed 5 FORB
Cornus racemosa GRAY DOGWOOD Cornus racemosa Lam. gray dogwood 1 Shrub
Corylus americana AMERICAN HAZELNUT Corylus americana Walt. American hazelnut 5 Shrub
Cypripedium candidum WHITE LADY'S SLIPPER Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd. white lady's slipper 10 FORB
DACTYLIS GLOMERATA ORCHARD GRASS Dactylis glomerata L. orchardgrass * Grass
DAUCUS CAROTA QUEEN ANNE'S LACE Daucus carota L. Queen Anne's lace * FORB biennial
Desmodium canadense SHOWY TICK TREFOIL Desmodium canadense (L.) DC. showy ticktrefoil 4 FORB
DIPSACUS SYLVESTRIS COMMON TEASEL Dipsacus fullonum L. Fuller's teasel * FORB biennial
Dodecatheon meadia SHOOTING STAR Dodecatheon meadia L. pride of Ohio 6 FORB
Echinacea pallida PURPLE CONEFLOWER Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt. pale purple coneflower 8 FORB
Eleocharis compressa FLAT-STEMMED SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis compressa Sullivant flatstem spikerush 8 Sedge
Eleocharis erythropoda RED-ROOTED SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis erythropoda Steud. bald spikerush 2 Sedge
Eleocharis smallii MARSH SPIKE RUSH Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes common spikerush 5 Sedge
Elymus canadensis CANADA WILD RYE Elymus canadensis L. Canada wildrye 4 Grass
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE Elymus virginicus L. Virginia wildrye 4 Grass
Epilobium coloratum CINNAMON WILLOW HERB Epilobium coloratum Biehler purpleleaf willowherb 3 FORB
Equisetum arvense HORSETAIL Equisetum arvense L. field horsetail 0 CRYPTOGAM
Erechtites hieracifolia FIREWEED Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. burnweed 2 FORB Annual
Erigeron annuus ANNUAL FLEABANE Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. eastern daisy fleabane 0 FORB biennial
Erigeron canadensis HORSEWEED Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. canadensis Canadian horseweed 0 FORB Annual
Erigeron philadelphicus MARSH FLEABANE Erigeron philadelphicus L. Philadelphia fleabane 4 FORB
Erigeron strigosus DAISY FLEABANE Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd prairie fleabane 5 FORB biennial
Eryngium yuccifolium RATTLESNAKE MASTER Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. button eryngo 9 FORB
Eupatorium altissimum TALL BONESET Eupatorium altissimum L. tall thoroughwort 0 FORB
Eupatorium serotinum LATE BONESET Eupatorium serotinum Michx. lateflowering thoroughwort 0 FORB
Euphorbia corollata FLOWERING SPURGE Euphorbia corollata L. flowering spurge 2 FORB
Euphorbia supina SPOTTED CREEPING SPURGE Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small spotted sandmat 0 FORB Annual
FESTUCA ELATIOR TALL FESCUE Lolium arundinaceum tall fescue * Grass
Fragaria virginiana WILD STRAWBERRY Fragaria virginiana Duchesne Virginia strawberry 1 FORB
Galium aparine ANNUAL BEDSTRAW Galium aparine L. stickywilly 1 FORB Annual
Galium obtusum WILD MADDER Galium obtusum Bigelow bluntleaf bedstraw 5 FORB
Gaura biennis BIENNIAL GAURA Gaura biennis L. biennial beeblossom 2 FORB biennial
Gentiana andrewsii BOTTLE GENTIAN Gentiana andrewsii Griseb. closed bottle gentian 8 FORB
Gentiana flavida YELLOWISH GENTIAN Gentiana alba Muhl. ex Nutt. plain gentian 9 FORB
Gentiana puberulenta PRAIRIE GENTIAN Gentiana puberulenta J. Pringle downy gentian 10 FORB
Geum aleppicum strictum YELLOW AVENS Geum aleppicum Jacq. yellow avens 7 FORB
Geum canadense WOOD AVENS Geum canadense Jacq. white avens 1 FORB
Geum laciniatum trichocarpum ROUGH AVENS Geum laciniatum Murr. var. trichocarpum Fern. rough avens 2 FORB
Geum triflorum PRAIRIE SMOKE Geum triflorum Pursh old man's whiskers 10 FORB
GLECHOMA HEDERACEA CREEPING CHARLIE Glechoma hederacea L. ground ivy * FORB
Glyceria striata FOWL MANNA GRASS Glyceria striata (Lam.) A.S. Hitchc. fowl mannagrass 4 Grass
Helianthus grosseserratus SAWTOOTH SUNFLOWER Helianthus grosseserratus Martens sawtooth sunflower 2 FORB
Helianthus rigidus PRAIRIE SUNFLOWER Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) O. Spring & E. Schilling stiff sunflower 8 FORB
Heliopsis helianthoides FALSE SUNFLOWER Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) smooth oxeye 5 FORB
HEMEROCALLIS FULVA ORANGE DAY LILY Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. orange daylily * FORB
Heuchera richardsonii PRAIRIE ALUM ROOT Heuchera richardsonii R. Br. Richardson's alumroot 8 FORB
HORDEUM JUBATUM SQUIRREL-TAIL GRASS Hordeum jubatum L. foxtail barley * Grass
HYPERICUM PERFORATUM COMMON ST. JOHN'S WORT Hypericum perforatum L common St. Johnswort * FORB
Hypericum pyramidatum GREAT ST. JOHN'S WORT Hypericum ascyron L. great St. Johnswort 10 FORB
Hypoxis hirsuta YELLOW STAR GRASS Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville common goldstar 9 FORB
Iris virginica shrevei BLUE FLAG Iris virginica L. var. shrevei (Small) E. Anders. Shreve's iris 5 FORB
Juncus balticus littoralis LAKE SHORE RUSH Juncus balticus Willd. Baltic rush 6 FORB
Juncus dudleyi DUDLEY'S RUSH Juncus dudleyi Wieg. Dudley's rush 4 FORB
Juncus tenuis PATH RUSH Juncus tenuis Willd. poverty rush 0 FORB
Juncus torreyi TORREY'S RUSH Juncus torreyi Coville Torrey's rush 4 FORB
Koeleria cristata JUNE GRASS Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Schultes prairie Junegrass 7 Grass
Krigia biflora FALSE DANDELION Krigia biflora (Walt.) Blake twoflower dwarfdandelion 7 FORB
Kuhnia eupatorioides corymbulosa FALSE BONESET Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners var. corymbulosa (Torr. & Gray) Shinners false boneset 6 FORB
Lactuca canadensis WILD LETTUCE Lactuca canadensis L. Canada lettuce 2 FORB biennial
LACTUCA SERRIOLA PRICKLY LETTUCE Lactuca serriola L. prickly lettuce * FORB biennial
Lathyrus palustris MARSH VETCHLING Lathyrus palustris L. marsh pea 8 FORB
LEPIDIUM CAMPESTRE FIELD CRESS Lepidium campestre (L.) Ait. f. field pepperweed * FORB biennial
Lepidium virginicum COMMON PEPPERCRESS Lepidium virginicum L. Virginia pepperweed 0 FORB Annual
Lespedeza capitata ROUND-HEADED BUSH CLOVER Lespedeza capitata Michx. roundhead lespedeza 4 FORB
Liatris aspera ROUGH BLAZING STAR Liatris aspera Michx. tall blazing star 6 FORB
Liatris pycnostachya PRAIRIE BLAZING STAR Liatris pycnostachya Michx. prairie blazing star 8 FORB
Liatris spicata MARSH BLAZING STAR Liatris spicata (L.) Willd. dense blazing star 6 FORB
Lilium michiganense TURK'S CAP LILY Lilium michiganense Farw. Michigan lily 6 FORB
Lilium philadelphicum andinum PRAIRIE LILY Lilium philadelphicum L. var. andinum (Nutt.) Ker-Gawl. wood lily 10 FORB
Lithospermum canescens HOARY PUCCOON Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) Lehm. hoary puccoon 8 FORB
Lobelia spicata PALE SPIKED LOBELIA Lobelia spicata Lam. palespike lobelia 6 FORB
Ludwigia polycarpa FALSE LOOSESTRIFE Ludwigia polycarpa Short & Peter manyfruit primrose-willow 6 FORB
LYCHNIS ALBA WHITE CAMPION Silene latifolia Poir. ssp. alba (P. Mill.) Greuter & Burdet bladder campion * FORB annual
Lycopus americanus COMMON WATER HOREHOUND Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W. Bart. American water horehound 5 FORB
Lysimachia quadriflora NARROW-LEAVED LOOSESTRIFE Lysimachia quadriflora Sims fourflower yellow loosestrife 9 FORB
Lythrum alatum WINGED LOOSESTRIFE Lythrum alatum Pursh winged lythrum 7 FORB
MALUS SIEBOLDII JAPANESE CRAB Malus sieboldii (Regel) Rehd. toringa crabapple * Tree
MEDICAGO LUPULINA BLACK MEDICK Medicago lupulina L. black medick * FORB annual
MELILOTUS ALBA WHITE SWEET CLOVER Melilotus alba Medikus white sweetclover * FORB biennial
Monarda fistulosa WILD BERGAMOT Monarda fistulosa L. wild bergamot 4 FORB
NEPETA CATARIA CATNIP Nepeta cataria L. catnip * FORB
Oenothera biennis COMMON EVENING PRIMROSE Oenothera biennis L. common evening-primrose 0 FORB biennial
Oenothera perennis SMALL SUNDROPS Oenothera perennis L. little evening-primrose 10 FORB
Oxalis stricta TALL WOOD SORREL Oxalis stricta L. common yellow oxalis 0 FORB
Oxalis violacea VIOLET WOOD SORREL Oxalis violacea L. violet woodsorrel 9 FORB
Oxypolis rigidior COWBANE Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf. stiff cowbane 7 FORB
Panicum leibergii PRAIRIE PANIC GRASS Dichanthelium leibergii (Vasey) Freckmann Leiberg's panicum 10 Grass
Panicum virgatum SWITCH GRASS Panicum virgatum L. switchgrass 5 Grass
Parthenium integrifolium WILD QUININE Parthenium integrifolium L. wild quinine 8 FORB
Pedicularis canadensis WOOD BETONY Pedicularis canadensis L. Canadian lousewort 9 FORB
Penstemon digitalis FOXGLOVE BEARD TONGUE Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims  talus slope penstemon 1 FORB
Penthorum sedoides DITCH STONECROP Penthorum sedoides L. ditch stonecrop 5 FORB
Petalostemum candidum WHITE PRAIRIE CLOVER Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. white prairie clover 9 FORB
Petalostemum purpureum PURPLE PRAIRIE CLOVER Dalea purpurea Vent. violet prairie clover 9 FORB
PHALARIS ARUNDINACEA REED CANARY GRASS Phalaris arundinacea L. reed canarygrass * Grass
Phlox glaberrima interior MARSH PHLOX Phlox glaberrima L. smooth phlox 8 FORB
PHLOX PANICULATA GARDEN PHLOX Phlox paniculata L. fall phlox * FORB
Phlox pilosa fulgida PRAIRIE PHLOX Phlox pilosa L. ssp. fulgida (Wherry) Wherry downy phlox 7 FORB
Physalis subglabrata TALL GROUND CHERRY Physalis longifolia Nutt. var. subglabrata (Mackenzie & Bush) Cronq. longleaf groundcherry 0 FORB
Physalis virginiana LANCE-LEAVED GROUND CHERRY Physalis hispida (Waterfall) Cronq. prairie groundcherry 4 FORB
Physostegia virginiana arenaria PRAIRIE OBEDIENT PLANT Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth. ssp. praemorsa (Shinners) Cantino obedient plant 6 FORB
Plantago rugelii RED-STALKED PLANTAIN Plantago rugelii Dcne. blackseed plantain 0 FORB Annual
POA COMPRESSA CANADA BLUE GRASS Poa compressa L. Canada bluegrass * Grass
POA PRATENSIS KENTUCKY BLUE GRASS Poa pratensis L. Kentucky bluegrass * Grass
Polygala senega SENECA SNAKEROOT Polygala senega L. Seneca snakeroot 8 FORB
Polygonum amphibium stipulaceum WATER KNOTWEED Polygonum amphibium L. var. stipulaceum Coleman water smartweed 4 FORB
POLYGONUM CONVOLVULUS BLACK BINDWEED Polygonum convolvulus L. black bindweed * FORB annual
Polygonum pensylvanicum PINKWEED Polygonum pensylvanicum L. Pennsylvania smartweed 0 FORB Annual
Populus deltoides EASTERN COTTONWOOD Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh. eastern cottonwood 2 Tree
Potentilla arguta PRAIRIE CINQUEFOIL Potentilla arguta Pursh tall cinquefoil 9 FORB
Potentilla norvegica NORWAY CINQUEFOIL Potentilla norvegica L. Norwegian cinquefoil 0 FORB Annual
Potentilla simplex COMMON CINQUEFOIL Potentilla simplex Michx common cinquefoil 4 FORB
Prenanthes aspera ROUGH WHITE LETTUCE Prenanthes aspera Michx. rough rattlesnakeroot 8 FORB
Prunella vulgaris lanceolata SELF HEAL Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bart.) Hultén lance selfheal 0 FORB
Psoralea tenuiflora SCURFY PEA Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. slimflower scurfpea 10 FORB
Pycnanthemum virginianum COMMON MOUNTAIN MINT Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) T. Dur. & B.D. Jackson ex B.L. Robins. & Fern. Virginia mountainmint 5 FORB
Ratibida pinnata YELLOW CONEFLOWER Ratibida pinnata (Vent.) Barnh. pinnate prairie coneflower 4 FORB
RHAMNUS CATHARTICA COMMON BUCKTHORN Rhamnus cathartica L. common buckthorn * Shrub
Rhus typhina STAGHORN SUMAC Rhus hirta (L.) Sudworth staghorn sumac 1 Tree
Rorippa palustris fernaldiana MARSH CRESS Rorippa palustris (L.) Bess. ssp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell Fernald's yellowcress 4 FORB Annual
Rosa blanda EARLY WILD ROSE Rosa blanda Ait. smooth rose 5 Shrub
Rosa carolina PASTURE ROSE Rosa carolina L. Carolina rose 5 Shrub
ROSA MULTIFLORA MULTIFLORA ROSE Rosa multiflora Thunb. ex Murr. multiflora rose * Shrub
Rubus flagellaris COMMON DEWBERRY Rubus flagellaris Willd. northern dewberry 3 Shrub
Rubus occidentalis BLACK RASPBERRY Rubus occidentalis L. black raspberry 2 Shrub
Rubus pensilvanicus YANKEE BLACKBERRY Rubus pensilvanicus Poir. Pennsylvania blackberry 3 Shrub
Rudbeckia hirta BLACK-EYED SUSAN Rudbeckia hirta L. blackeyed Susan 1 FORB
Rudbeckia triloba BROWN-EYED SUSAN Rudbeckia triloba L. browneyed Susan 3 FORB Annual
RUMEX CRISPUS CURLY DOCK Rumex crispus L. curly dock * FORB
Scirpus pendulous RED BULRUSH Scirpus pendulus Muhl. rufous bulrush 4 Sedge
Scutellaria parvula leonardii SMALL SKULLCAP Scutellaria parvula Michx. var. missouriensis (Torr.) Goodman & Lawson Leonard's skullcap 7 FORB
Senecio pauperculus BALSAM RAGWORT Packera paupercula (Michx.) A.& D. Löve balsam groundsel 6 FORB
Silphium integrifolium deamii DEAM'S ROSIN WEED Silphium integrifolium Michx. var. deamii Perry Deam's rosinweed 5 FORB
Silphium laciniatum COMPASS PLANT Silphium laciniatum L. compassplant 5 FORB
Silphium perfoliatum CUP PLANT Silphium perfoliatum L. cup plant 5 FORB
Silphium terebinthinaceum PRAIRIE DOCK Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. prairie rosinweed 5 FORB
Sisyrinchium albidum COMMON BLUE-EYED GRASS Sisyrinchium albidum Raf. white blue-eyed grass 7 FORB
Smilacina stellata STARRY FALSE SOLOMON'S SEAL Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link starry false lily of the vally 5 FORB
SOLANUM DULCAMARA BITTERSWEET NIGHTSHADE Solanum dulcamara L. climbing nightshade * Vine
Solidago canadensis CANADA GOLDENROD Solidago canadensis L. Canada goldenrod 1 FORB
Solidago gigantea LATE GOLDENROD Solidago gigantea Ait. giant goldenrod 4 FORB
Solidago graminifolia COMMON GRASS-LEAVED GOLDENROD Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. var. graminifolia flat-top goldentop 4 FORB
Solidago juncea EARLY GOLDENROD Solidago juncea Ait. early goldenrod 5 FORB
Solidago nemoralis OLD-FIELD GOLDENROD Solidago nemoralis Ait. gray goldenrod 4 FORB
Solidago riddellii RIDDELL'S GOLDENROD Oligoneuron riddellii (Frank ex Riddell) Rydb. Riddell's goldenrod 7 FORB
Solidago rigida STIFF GOLDENROD Oligoneuron rigidum (L.) Small var. rigidum stiff goldenrod 4 FORB
SONCHUS ARVENSIS FIELD SOW THISTLE Sonchus arvensis L. field sowthistle * FORB annual
Sorghastrum nutans INDIAN GRASS Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash Indiangrass 5 Grass
Spartina pectinata PRAIRIE CORD GRASS Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link prairie cordgrass 4 Grass
Sphenopholis intermedia SLENDER WEDGE GRASS Sphenopholis intermedia (Rydb.) Rydb. slender wedgescale 4 Grass
Sphenopholis obtusata PRAIRIE WEDGE GRASS Sphenopholis obtusata (Michx.) Scribn. prairie wedgescale 7 Grass
Spiranthes magnicamporum GREAT PLAINS LADIES' TRESSES Spiranthes magnicamporum Sheviak Great Plains ladies'-tresses 8 FORB
SPOROBOLUS ASPER ROUGH DROPSEED Sporobolus compositus (Poir.) Merr. var. compositus composite dropseed * Grass
Sporobolus heterolepis PRAIRIE DROPSEED Sporobolus heterolepis (Gray) Gray prairie dropseed 10 Grass
Stachys palustris homotricha WOUNDWORT Stachys palustris L. marsh hedgenettle 5 FORB
Stipa spartea PORCUPINE GRASS Hesperostipa spartea (Trin.) Barkworth porcupinegrass 7 Grass
TARAXACUM OFFICINALE COMMON DANDELION Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers common dandelion * FORB
Tradescantia ohiensis COMMON SPIDERWORT Tradescantia ohiensis Raf. bluejacket 2 FORB
TRAGOPOGON PRATENSIS COMMON GOAT'S BEARD Tragopogon pratensis L. Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon * FORB biennial
TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE RED CLOVER Trifolium pratense L. red clover * FORB
TRIFOLIUM REPENS WHITE CLOVER Trifolium repens L. white clover * FORB
Trillium recurvatum RED TRILLIUM Trillium recurvatum bloody butcher 5 FORB
Typha angustifolia NARROW-LEAVED CATTAIL Typha angustifolia narrowleaf cattail 1 FORB
Ulmus americana AMERICAN ELM Ulmus americana L. American elm 3 Tree
VERBASCUM BLATTARIA MOTH MULLEIN Verbascum blattaria L. moth mullein * FORB biennial
VERBASCUM THAPSUS COMMON MULLEIN Verbascum thapsus L. common mullein * FORB biennial
Verbena hastata BLUE VERVAIN Verbena hastata L. swamp verbena 4 FORB
Veronicastrum virginicum CULVER'S ROOT Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw. Culver's root 7 FORB
VICIA ANGUSTIFOLIA NARROW-LEAVED VETCH Vicia sativa L. ssp. nigra (L.) Ehrh. garden vetch * FORB annual
Viola pedatifida PRAIRIE VIOLET Viola pedatifida G. Don prairie violet 9 FORB
Viola sororia COMMON BLUE VIOLET Viola sororia Willd. common blue violet 3 FORB
Vitis riparia RIVERBANK GRAPE Vitis riparia Michx. riverbank grape 2 Vine
Zizia aurea GOLDEN ALEXANDERS Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch golden zizia 7 FORB