Topics of the day:

1. Bruxism
2. Need your kind professional opinions
3. ESCO - The Electronic Study Club for Orthodontics


Date: Tue, 23 Aug 2005 05:20:05 -0700 (PDT)
From: "Sainath Reddy" <>
Subject: Bruxism
To: "esco digest" <>

Hello folks,

My name is Sainath and am an orthodontist from india(graduated recently).well there is this cousin of mine i am treating for bruxism.Initially I gave her a soft splint but she would remove unknowingly at night.I then gave her an acrilic splint but now holes have appeared in the acrylic plate.she complains of severe pain in the morning and i am running out of options.what about referring her to an psyciatrist,will that help? What is the treatment protocol to be followed with regards to bruxism?

Thank you!
T.N.Sainath Reddy


Date: Wed, 17 Aug 2005 00:16:18 +0100 (BST)
From: "SALEH HADI" <>
Subject: I need your kind professional opinions

I have applied for a program which granted a PhD in Orthodontics in 5 years. What do you think about this program? Please give me answers with reasons.

THIS IS Program Description:

The five-year PhD program provides the academic and clinical experience for a successful private practice or academic career. Students enrolled in the PhD program will not have the option of transferring to the MSc program. Clinical training will be integrated through the first four years of the program. Treatment cases will be started in the first two years and completed in the third and fourth years with progressively reducing clinical commitment. Decompression of the clinical training will allow students to complete all of the cases they start, resulting in improved clinical experience.

PhD students will complete a major research project equipping graduates with the expertise to conduct grant competitive research of international prominence. To support the development of an academic career, the final two years of the PhD program will include Undergraduate and Graduate teaching. The following courses are offered:

OBIOL 500 (Oral Biology I) - (3-0-0) Functional anatomy of head and neck. Development, structure, function, and biochemistry of connective tissue associated with the jaws.
OBIOL 501 (Oral Biology II) - (3-0-0) A continuation of Oral Biology I. Growth and development of skull. Anthropology. Selected topics in physiology.
DENT 532 (Growth and Development) - (2-0-0) A detailed review of the postnatal growth and development of human craniofacial structures. Longitudinal and cross sectional growth data are presented.
DENT 540 (Orthodontic Seminars) - (0-6-0) Selected orthodontically related theoretical and practical topics along with orthodontic case management presentations are discussed in both seminar and preclinical formats.
DENT 541 (Orthodontic Clinics) - variable hours Applied clinical education and experience is obtained through supervised management of selected orthodontic cases.
DENT 562 (TMD/Orofacial Pain Seminars) - (0-2-0) Seminars in the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular joint problems. Includes a comprehensive literature review. Emphasis placed on orthodontic considerations in the prevention and management of mandibular dysfunction.
DENT 565 (Evidence-Based Dentistry) - (2-0-0) This course is designed to review the general principles of evidence-based dentistry. Expertise will be gained in the search, evaluation and use of evidence in clinical situations.
DENT 566 (Systematic Reviews in Dentistry) - (2-0-0) This course is designed to review the general principals of systematic reviews and meta-analysis. Students will gain the skills necessary to publish systematic reviews in peer reviewed journals.
DENT 640 (Orthodontic Seminars) - (0-6-0) Second year seminar and preclinical presentations. Requires successful completion of DENT 540.
DENT 641 (Orthodontic Clinics) - variable hours Second year applied clinical educational program. Requires successful completion of DENT 541.
DENT 640 (Orthodontic Seminars) - (0-6-0) Second year seminar and preclinical presentations. Requires successful completion of DENT 540.
DENT 741 (Orthodontic Clinics) - variable hours Third year applied clinical educational program. Patient treatment needs may require more than the 180 hour clinical hour minimum for course completion. Requires successful completion of DENT 641.
PHS 596 (Epidemiology Methods I) - (3-0-0) An introduction to the theory of epidemiology with an emphasis on study design. Topics include the nature of epidemiologic reasoning, indices used to describe and measure health status, evaluation of statistical associations, causation, descriptive studies, analytic studies, intervention studies, bias, confounding, screening and ethics.
PHS 696 (Epidemiology Methods II) - (3-0-0) Epidemiologic methods related to specific study designs and general issues relating to the conduct of epidemiologic studies at an advanced level. Topics covered include confounding, interaction, misclassification, matching, ecologic studies, justification of the odds ratio in case-control studies, and age-period-cohort analysis. Prerequisite: PHS596 and 598, or consent of Instructor.
PHS 598 (Biostatistics I) - (3-0-1) An introduction to elementary biostatistical methods used to analyze epidemiologic data. Topics will include analysis of 2 x 2 tables, nonparametric methods, linear regression, analysis of variance, direct and indirect standardization, and analysis of censored data. Prerequisite: Introductory statistics course or consent of Instructor.
PHS 698 (Biostatistics II) - (3-0-1) Advanced biostatistical methods used to analyze epidemiologic data with an emphasis on multivariate regression. Topics include multiple regression, unconditional and conditional logistic regression, proportional hazards regression, and Poisson regression. Prerequisite: PHS596 and 598 or consent of Instructor.

Additional courses related to specific area of research may be required. Student Research Students are required to complete research within the established research focus of the program and complete a paper format thesis. Students submit their research results to peer reviewed journals for publication and present their research at an international scientific meeting prior to completion of the program. It is anticipated that all student research projects will result in publication.


Dear Colleague:

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