Neil C. Sturchio

Research Interests

Argonne National Laboratory
Aerial view of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory (35 km west of UIC)

Microscopy images of orthoclase (001) surface reacting with flowing pH 12.9 solution
Atomic force microscopy images of orthoclase (001) surface reacting with flowing pH 12.9 solution

Current research activities of my research group include assorted basic and applied geochemical and isotopic studies in the laboratory and the field, over a wide range of scales from atomic to continental. These activities involve many students and collaborators. Ongoing studies include: (1) development of applications of noble gas radionuclides in studies of groundwaters and natural gases; (2) investigations of perchlorate isotopic compositions in groundwaters, Great Lakes, and seawater; (3) synchrotron radiation studies of mineral-fluid interfaces at the Advanced Photon Source; (4) investigations of carbon cycle using natural and fallout radionuclide profiles in Arctic soils; (5) sedimentation rate determinations for EPA's Great Lakes Sediment Surveillance Program; (6) isotope effects of RDX biodegradation by various microbial strains; (7) greenhouse gas emissions from wastewater treatment plants in the Chicago region; (8) C isotopes and natural radionuclides in carbonaceous aerosols; and (9) incorporation of isotopes into a SWAT model of nitrate inventory in the Upper Illinois River watershed.

Personal Information
Environmental Isotope
Geochemistry Laboratory

Selected recent publications (2008-2011):

Fenter, P., Park, C. and Sturchio, N. C., 2008. Adsorption of Rb+ and Sr2+ at the Orthoclase (001)-Solution Interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72, 1848-1863.

Park C., Fenter P., Sturchio N.C., and Nagy K.L., 2008. Thermodynamics, interfacial structure, and pH hysteresis of Rb+ and Sr2+ adsorption at the muscovite (001)-solution interface. Langmuir 24, 13993-14004.

Sultan, M., N. C. Sturchio, S. Al Sefry, A. Milewski, R. Becker, I. Nasr, Z. Sagintayev, 2008. Geochemical, Isotopic, and Remote Sensing Constraints on the Origin and Evolution of the Rub Al Khali Aquifer System, Arabian Peninsula. J. Hydrology 356, 70-83.

Yokochi R., Heraty L.J., and Sturchio N.C., 2008. Method for purification of krypton from environmental samples for radiokrypton analysis. Analytical Chemistry 80, 8688–8693.

Sturchio N.C., Caffee M.R., Beloso A. D., Heraty L.J., Böhlke J.K., Gu B., Jackson W.A., Hatzinger P.B., Heikoop J.R., and Dale M., 2009. Chlorine-36 as a tracer of perchlorate origin. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 6934–6938.

Li A., Rockne K.J., Sturchio N.C., Song W., Ford J.C., and Wei H., 2009. PCBs in sediments of the Great Lakes – Distribution and trends, homolog and chlorine patterns, and in situ degradation. Environmental Pollution 157, 141-147.

Hatzinger, Paul; Bohlke, John Karl; Sturchio, Neil; Gu, Baohua; Heraty, Linnea; and Borden, Robert, 2009. Fractionation of stable isotopes in perchlorate and nitrate during in situ biodegradation in a sandy aquifer. Environmental Chemistry 6, 44-52.

Böhlke J.K., Hatzinger P.B., Sturchio N.C., Gu B., Abbene I., and Mroczkowski S.J., 2009. Atacama perchlorate as an agricultural contaminant in groundwater: Isotopic and chronologic evidence from Long Island, New York, USA. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 5619–5625.

Lee S.S., Park C., Fenter P., Sturchio N.C., and Nagy K.L., 2010. Competitive adsorption of strontium and fulvic acid at the muscovite-solution interface observed with resonant anomalous X-ray reflectivity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 1762–1776.

Jackson, W.A., Böhlke J.K., Gu B., Hatzinger P.B., and Sturchio N.C., 2010. Isotopic Composition and Origin of Indigenous Natural Perchlorate and Co-Occurring Nitrate in the Southwestern United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 4869–4876.

Fenter P., Lee S.S., Park C., Catalano J., and Sturchio N.C., 2010. Probing interfacial reactions with X-ray reflectivity and X-ray reflection interface microscopy: Influence of NaCl on the dissolution of orthoclase at pOH 2 and 85 °C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 3396-3411.

Lee S.S., Fenter P., Park C., Sturchio N.C., Nagy K.L., 2010. Hydrated Cation Speciation at the Muscovite (001)-Water Interface. Langmuir 26, 16647–16651.

Sturchio N.C., Hoaglund J.R. III, Marroquin R.J., Beloso, A.D., Jr., Heraty L.J., Bortz S.E., Patterson T.L., 2011. Isotopic Mapping of Groundwater Perchlorate Plumes. Ground Water (online version available Feb. 25, 2011 at DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2011.00802.x).

Sturchio NC, Böhlke JK, Gu B, Hatzinger PB, Jackson AJ, 2011. Isotopic tracing of perchlorate in the environment. Chapter 22. In: Baskaran M (Ed.), Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry, Springer-Verlag (in press).

Purtschert R., Yokochi R., Sturchio N.C., 2011. Kr-81 dating of old groundwater. In: Suckow A., Ed., Dating Old Groundwater: A Guidebook. IAEA, Vienna. 400 pp. (in press).

Sturchio N.C. and Purtschert R., 2011. Kr-81 case study: The Nubian Aquifer (Egypt). In: Suckow A., Ed., Dating Old Groundwater: A Guidebook. IAEA, Vienna. 400 pp. (in press).

Yang R., Wei H., Guo J., McLead C., Li A., Sturchio N.C., 2011. Historically and currently used dechloranes in the sediments of the Great Lakes. Environ. Sci. Technol., 5156–5163.

Gu B., Böhlke J.K., Sturchio N.C., Hatzinger P.B., Jackson W.A., Beloso A.D., Jr., Heraty L.J., Bian Y., and Brown G.M., 2011. Removal, Recovery and Fingerprinting of Perchlorate by Ion Exchange Processes. Chapter 3, p. 117-144. In: SenGupta, AK (Ed.), Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, vol. 20. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton.