Deirdre McCloskey teaches economic and intellectual history. She is currently working on Bourgeois Towns: How Capitalism Became Ethical, 1600-1848, the second of a projected four volumes on the character of the bourgeois life. The first, The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce appeared in 2006 (University of Chicago Press). Her early "cliometric" work on British economic history concerned the performance of the British economy in the late 19th century and the workings of open-field agriculture in the 13th. Thus Economic Maturity and Entrepreneurial Decline: British Iron and Steel, 1870-1913 (1973) and Enterprise and Trade in Victorian Britain: Essays in Historical Economics (1981) and numerous articles on open fields, the industrial revolution, and the gold standard. After a long excursus into rhetoric (The Rhetoric of Economics  and other books in the 1990s) the "bourgeois" project is a return to history, viewed more than quantitatively.