Note: There will be no issue for December, 1997. Have a great holiday!
This extremely well-written book provides straight facts for today's teens. It is very disheartening to read how teens and those in their early twenties are not practicing safer sex, resulting in more young people being infected with the HIV virus. It seems that the more we try to educate these young people, the more resistance we receive from some parents, politicians, and the religious right, as well as some ministers and priests. AIDS is a continuing tragedy that has to be challenged at every corner. Unfortunately, science, in some cases, has given false hopes to young people by announcing new drugs that are understood by the layperson to be a "cure." This book provides information in six chapters covering: "A Continuing Tragedy," "The Medical Story," "AIDS Comes to School," "AIDS Prevention Programs," "Staying HIV Free," and "If You Are at Risk." Within these chapters are the true stories of 5 individuals who each became HIV positive in a different way, but all by unprotected sex. In one case the parents thought their daughter was a virgin, in another case sex partners lied, and in still another the person was sexually abused by an HIV positive man.
The most frequent types of exposure to the HIV virus in males, ages 13-24, includes males having sex with males, males sharing injecting needles, and males receiving blood transfusions. For women, the types are heterosexual contact and females sharing injecting needles. Because of this, the book stresses the use of condoms and using clean needles. Unfortunately, condom use and clean needles have created conflicts among parents, educators, schools, and religious leaders. How sad to hear these individuals say that their children are not involved in sexual activities or that providing clean needles encourages drug use. Abstinence is fine, but one has to be prepared when your guard is down and unsafe sex becomes a reality that could be offset with the simple use of a condom.
A highly recommended book for all school and public libraries. There has to be more books of this type for teens so that death is not always lurking in the shadows because of poor education.
757. Jenner on Trial: An Ethical Examination of Vaccine Research in the Age of Smallpox and the Age of AIDS, by Thomas A. Kerns. 1997. University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706. 98p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7618-0719-5, 0-7618-0718-7pbk. $44.50, $24.50pbk. (Descriptors: Smallpox Vaccines, Moral and Ethical Aspects, AIDS Vaccines, Vaccines)
The first AIDS vaccine trials are already surrounded by controversy in the same way that Jenner's smallpox vaccine efficacy experiment was in 1796. However, "The ethical quandaries entailed by HIV vaccine efficacy trials are far more complex than those entailed by Jenner's experiment." Some of the complex questions center around such issues as information about the nature of the vaccines, do the prospective subject understand what is being done, are subjects fully aware of what the real meaning is of signing a consent, how are the subjects counseled, what are potential harms, and confidentiality protection. Also, should any ethical standards be dictated by individual countries or should there be an international standard. The 8 short chapters cover: "Smallpox and AIDS," "A Bit of History," "Edward Jenner Comes Alive," "ERC Application Materials," "The Ethical Review," "Dr. Jenner and the Nazi Doctors," "Comparison of Dr. Jenner's Experiments with Today's HIV Vaccine Experiments," and "One Final Word."
Although Jenner's trials were crude compared to what would be involved today, they did work and he did have compassion for his subjects. Monetary gain was not his motive which is a scary motive in today's research. Jenner did not understand smallpox, but was still able to develop the vaccine without knowing everything about the disease. Today, with AIDS, we still do not know the intricacies of how the human immune system operates, resulting in great reluctance to test any vaccine on humans, making a successful vaccine even more elusive. If Jenner, in spite of his ignorance of everything about smallpox, was able to develop a vaccine for smallpox, surely the scientists of today can do the same within the ethical bounds that we have in place.
This is a very interesting book that should be in all academic, public, and medical libraries. Researchers on HIV and AIDS vaccines should read the small book from cover to cover. We have come a long way and have a long way to go to conquer this disease, but it can be done.
758. Carmine's Story: A Book About a Boy Living with AIDS, by Arlene Schulman. 1997. Lerner Publications, 241 First Ave. N, Minneapolis, MN 55401. 40p., illus., bibliog. ISBN 0-8225-2582-8. $21.95. (Descriptors: Children, Patients, Biography, Juvenile Literature)
This book, for young children, is the story of a little boy named Carmine who has AIDS. His mother died when he was a year and three months old and he does not know who his father is. His mother died of AIDS and his uncle has AIDS, both drug users. He also had another gay member of the family that died of AIDS. Carmine "shares his first-hand account of what life is like with AIDS"...explaining, "in simple terms, how he got AIDS, treatments, how others react to him, his fears and hopes, and the remarkable people that support him." This is a beautifully written story that will tug at your heart strings. He led a full and hopeful life until his death on July 13, 1996. The outstanding photographs make this a book for all young people to read. It shows how AIDS attacks not only gays and drug users, but others who had no way of avoiding it. A highly recommended book for all public and school libraries.
759. International Cooperation in Response to AIDS, by Leon Gordenker, Roger A. Coate, Christer Jonsson, Peter Soderholm. 1995. Pinter/Cassell, 215 Park Avenue S, New York, NY 10003. 166p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-85567-282-0, 1-85567-283-9pbk. $60.00, $22.95pbk. (Descriptors: Prevention, International Cooperation)
This book "concentrates on transnational relationships that grew out of the increasing awareness of HIV infection and AIDS and the deliberate efforts by persons and organizations to put together transnational cooperation." AIDS is a challenge to every government, every organization, and every private enterprise throughout the world. It is necessary to understand the many ramifications that this virus has caused pertaining to health protection, living standards, and individual rights. All three of these concerns, however, are not looked at equally everywhere on this planet. The first chapter, "AIDS and Transnational Policy," presents the transnational challenge. This is followed with "AIDS and International Relations," which discusses international cooperation. The third chapter, "Creation of a Transnational Agenda," presents the problem with possible solutions. Chapter four, "Interorganizational Breeding Ground for Transnational Cooperation," deals with the "organizational constructions for transnational cooperation and their relationships as the setting for identifying linking-pin organizations." The fifth chapter, "Interorganizational Bargaining and Assistance to the Third World," looks at the current formal and informal coordination that is being carried out in the Third World. Chapter six, "Linking NGOs to Global Programs," examines three international conferences on AIDS to see how non-governmental organizations (NGOs) helped with transnational coordination.
In chapter seven, "The San Francisco Boycott: Leadership and Network Mobilization," the boycott of the International AIDS Conference by NGOs is discussed. The final chapter, "International Cooperation and AIDS: Epilogue," summarizes the issues by discussing such topics as the proliferation of interorganizational relationships, integration and decentralization, linking-pin organizations and networks, and leadership and followership. Although many things have improved since 1995, there is still a great deal of work to be done to get the international cooperation that is needed to fight AIDS. This book is a good summary of what can be done and should be in all academic libraries.
760. Geography of the Heart: A Memoir, by Fenton Johnson. 1996. Scribner, 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 237p. ISBN 0-684-81417-X. $22.00. (Descriptors: Gay Men, Biography, HIV Infections, Patients, Gay Male Couples, Bereavement)
This moving novel by Fenton Johnson continues his award winning style that brought him awards for Crossing the River and Scissors, Paper, Rock. He tells the history of "how I fell in love, how I came to be with someone else, how he came to death and how I helped, how in the end love enables us to continue beyond death." It is a beautifully written memoir that will bring tears to your eyes, a smile to your lips, and anger in your heart to know that this evil virus has won again. Fenton and Larry were deeply in love and made the most of life while Larry was alive. They loved Paris and it was in Paris that Larry died. He was at Larry's side as he breathed his last breath. He left the room as the doctors and nurses try to bring him back, but he understood what his American angel said: "Keep quiet. Let him die. The man has earned his death." This is a must book to read. It should be part of any school, public, or academic library collection.
761. Invented Moralities: Sexual Values in an Age of Uncertainty, by Jeffrey Weeks. 1995. Columbia University Press, 562 W 113th St., New York, NY 10025. 209p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-231-104111-1. $16.50. (Descriptors: Sexual Ethics, Multiculturalism)
Jeffrey Weeks states in the preface: "My concern in this book is with value debates as they inform the debates about sexuality, and with debates about sexuality as they help us to understand the significance of questions of value." Sexuality is the major theme of many of the religious right advocates as well as some of our zealous political leaders. These people try to push their agendas ahead of everything else and point to sexuality concerns as the major factor that is destroying the morality of this country. The author's argument "is that many forms of life can be moral or ethically valid, especially with regard to the erotic. It is not so much what you do, but how you do it that should matter: less a morality of acts, more an ethics of relationships." After an introduction, "Values, Whose Values?," there are 5 chapters: "Living with Uncertainty," "Inventing Moralities," "Necessary Fictions: Sexual Identities and the Politics of Diversity," "The Sphere of the Intimate and the Values of Everyday Life," and "Caught between Worlds and Ways of Being."
This book covers many topics from AIDS and the challenges of love and death as has been experienced in the gay communities to the politics of diversity. It, also, covers such topics as rape and abortion rights. This is not a book for the Reverend Phelps, but it is a book for those who constantly are challenging the morality of everyone who lives in this country. "Weeks proposes an ethics of love founded on four principles: care, responsibility, respect, and knowledge." Each of the principles is intertwined with the other three. Using safer sex as an example, one sees responsibility in practicing safer sex, respect for the person with whom you are having sex, care to make sure that you are honest, and knowledge of what the consequences are if you do not practice it. This is a very interesting book that should raise the eyebrows of many individuals. It is, however, an honest book that is "a timely imperative toward a new morality that celebrates diversity and responsibility." Recommended for all public, medical, and academic libraries.
762. EnGendering AIDS: Deconstructing Sex, Text and Epidemic, by Tamsin Wilton. 1997. Sage Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. 157p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7619-5382-5, 0-7619-5383-3pbk. $69.95, $23.95pbk. (Descriptors: Sex, Education, Death, Safer Sex)
This is a stimulating book that discusses gender and AIDS where the author "assesses safer sex health promotion and health education discourse and considers their unintended consequences for the cultural construction of gender and sexuality." She provides a radical approach to safer sex education by using power, gender, sexuality, and nationalism as the foundation blocks. This is not the easiest of books to read but it has a lot to offer, especially to those who are students and academics in women's studies, gender studies, lesbian and gay studies, sexuality, cultural studies, media studies, health studies, health promotion, social policy and medical sociology. EnGendering AIDS "suggests a radically innovative approach to the development of effective safer sex promotional strategies based on new thinking in health promotion and on the insights of both radical feminism and Queer Theory."
The 7 chapters cover: "Sex, Texts, Power," "A Sexed and Gendered Desire: Obstacles to Sexual Safety," "Look after Yourself: HIV/AIDS Health Education and Promotion," "Queen of the Fountain of Love: Gender, Disease and Death," "Whatever Turns You On: Safer Sex Promotion," "Representation, Resistance and Community: Difficult Questions," and "Action =Life." Probably the most stressed point in the book can be summed up with "Health educational materials, then, make it more rather than less difficult for women (whether lesbian or not) and for heterosexual men to adopt safer sexual practices." She goes on to state that gay men's AIDS education has been much more successful because it is erotic-based with the idea that "pornographic healing is necessary to the development of truly effective HIV prevention initiatives." This is a recommended book for all medical and academic libraries.
763. CDC Prevention Guidelines: A Guide for Action, edited by Andrew Friede, Patrick W. O'Carroll, Ray M. Nicola, Mark W. Oberle, Steven M. Teutsch. 1997. Williams & Wilkins, 351 W Camden St., Baltimore, MD 21201-2436. 1,556p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-683-30005-9. $29.00. (Descriptors: Preventative Medicine, Government Policy, Public Health)
This hefty book contains "a compilation of 161 key CDC documents, carefully excerpted from larger reports to retain the recommendations per se, but written to enable easy understanding by the reader." Many of these guidelines are not typically covered in medical or public health texts. In addition to covering the recommendations concerning infectious diseases, it covers such topics as birth defects, diabetes, environmental hazards, homicide and suicide, and the risks associated with tobacco addiction. The CDC Prevention Guidelines Database, from which the material for this book was taken, was created from the thousands of CDC publications, including CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The database is available on CD-ROM.
Section one is the largest covering infectious diseases that include bovine spongiform encephalophathy, cat scratch disease, cholera, dengue, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, dracunculiasis, ebola, enterics, ehrlichiosis, hantavirus, hemophilus, hepatitis, histoplasmosis, HIV/AIDS, immunizations, influenza, leptospirosis, listeriosis, lyme disease, measles, meningococcosis, mumps, pneumococcosis, parvovirus, plague, polio, rabies, STDs, tuberculosis, typhoid, varicella, vector-borne disease, and yellow fever. Section 2 covers maternal and child health and nutrition, including anemia, birth defects, and lead poisoning; Section 3 covers cancer; Section 4 covers chronic disease which includes exercise and smoking; and Section 5 is the environmental health section. Section 6, injuries, covers bicycle injuries, firearms, fires, fireworks, motor vehicles, sports, and suicide; while Section 7 discusses occupational health topics. The last section includes travel information, including foreign travel, syndromes of unknown etiology, and chronic fatigue syndrome.
The part that covers HIV/AIDS is over 190 pages in length with recommendations on testing, counseling, school health education, prevention, public health, and treatment. These are detailed discussions that cite the original article and provide a summary of all the pertinent information. There are numerous graphs and charts throughout the book that help in presenting the information. This is an easy to read book so that the educated layperson will be able to consult it for specific information. A detailed index is included as well as an appendix that lists all of the articles that were cited within the text. This is a highly recommended book that is designed for clinicians, health departments, hospitals, managed care organizations, program planners, information systems designers, and health sciences students. Medical, academic, and large public libraries will find it an important reference source.
764. Sex and Sexuality: Risk and Relationships in the Age of AIDS, by Dana Lear. 1997. Sage Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. 193p., bibliog, index. ISBN 0-7619-0477-8, 0-7619-0478-6pbk. $42.00, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: College Students, Sexual Behavior, Sex Customs)
Dana Lear has brought together her research concerning the sexual relationships of young people who left home in the early 1990s. She had hoped that these young people would be more open about sex, have had HIV and school sex education, were free from guilt, had gender equality, had no homophobia, and had better communication among themselves. She was wrong. Although progress has been made, gays still worry about coming out, homophobia is still present, they still have guilt when it comes to sex, and gender equality has not been reached. The seven chapters cover: "Sexual Negotiation in the Age of AIDS," "The Social Construction of Sexuality," "Family and Friends," "Negotiating Relationships," "Risk and Trust in Relationships," "Negotiating Sex," and "Sexual Negotiation Reconsidered." The chapter on negotiating sex contains frank discussions about condoms, dental dams, spermicide, risk reduction, safer sex, barriers to safer sex, date rape, coercive sex, and negotiation of consent.
"If we are prevented by the nonsecular moralists from doing sex surveys and sex education, how do we suggest alternatives to risky sex while keeping them defined as sex so that people still feel like the behavior is legitimate, that they're having fun, that it counts?" Lear recommends that there be an expanded definition of safer sex that "will go beyond the use of condoms to include analyses or trust in relationships, sexual identity as process, the risky self, STDs, gendered ideologies of sexuality and violence, the effect of alcohol on sexual negotiation, and the generation of discursive resources among heterosexuals with which to mobilize safer sex." This is a very interesting book that will form the foundation for further research in the sexuality of our young people. AIDS is still a feared disease but young people have to be constantly told how to conduct themselves sexually. Unfortunately, not all parents, religious leaders, or politicians believe in open sexual discussions.
This is a recommended book for all libraries.
765. Poetry of Healing: A Doctor's Education in Empathy, Identity, and Desire, by Rafael Campo. 1997. W. W. Norton & Co., 500 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10110. 270p. ISBN 0-393-04009-7. $23.00. (Descriptors: Hispanic American Physicians, Biography, Poets, Gay Men)
It is no secret that touching, empathy, eroticism, poetry, and music can soothe the soul of those who are ill. Rafael Campo goes beyond the soothing and uses these powers to heal those who are sick. He has written a powerful book that pours out his loving heart. "Throughout, he uncovers the truths of his own passions and fears, of the tragic flaws in health care, and of this education and life as primary care doctor, poet, Latino, and gay man within the medical establishment." Just reviewing the book and relating what it is saying is not enough. One has to read and think about what this remarkable individual has written. He describes his journey into self-discovery and his growing awareness of the healing powers of speech and touch. He describes "his break with Catholicism, where he sought forgiveness and love but found only rejection as a homosexual man." Finally, he "speaks of the internal struggle between being a poet in a profession of exactness, a homosexual in a think fog of homophobia, and Latino in an atmosphere of racial misunderstanding and complicated identities." He resolves all of these conflicts with poetry of language and gesture. A highly recommended book for all libraries. Gay Latinos should especially read this moving book.
766. Women and AIDS: Coping and Care, edited by Ann O'Leary, Loretta Sweet Jemmott. 1996. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013. 248p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-306-45258-8. $45.00. (Descriptors: Women) (Contributors: Stacy N. Broun, Vivian Brown, Michael Conard, Helen L. Coons, Anke A. Ehrhardt, Kathleen A. Ethier, Barbara Greenberg, Jeannette R. Ickovics, John B. Jemmott III, Sharon Rae Jenkins, Claude Ann Mellins, Sutherland Miller, Suzanne Miller, Janet S. Moore, Debra A. Murphy, Lucile Newman, Judith Rodin, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Paula Schuman, Dawn K. Smith, Liza Solomon, Michael Stein, Dora Warren, Gloria Weissman)
Women were among the first documented cases of AIDS and continue to become infected throughout the world. They make up more than half of those who are infected with HIV in the world and, in the United States, those struck by AIDS has been increasing dramatically in recent years. Until recently, unfortunately, they received little attention in research, service, or policy efforts. Now, however, there is a growing recognition that HIV/AIDS affects "women in many unique ways, medically, psychologically, and socially." This book is a synthesis of all the research that has taken place in the past as well as that what is currently ongoing. The contributors are pioneers in their work with women who are infected with the HIV virus. The 9 very well written papers that are extensively documented cover: "Epidemiology, Manifestations, and Treatment of HIV Infection in Women," "Psychosocial Stress and Adaptation Processes for Women Coping with HIV/AIDS," "Intervening with Adolescent Girls Living with HIV," "Drug-Using Women and HIV: Access to Care and Treatment Issues," "Selective Kin: Defining the Caregivers and Families of Children with HIV Disease," "Clinical and Psychosocial Issues of Women with HIV/AIDS," "Women's Reproductive Decisions in the Context of HIV Infection," "The Design, Participants, and Selected Early Findings of the HIV Epidemiology Research (HER) Study: A Prospective Cohort Study of the Impact of HIV Infection on the Health of American Women," and "For Whose Benefit? Women and AIDS Public Policy."
This is a book that should have appeared much earlier in the AIDS epidemic. Women have been short changed too long during this era of HIV/AIDS. We have to aggressively push for more research that involves women and have more clinical trials that are for women. The contributors end by saying: "we must continue to ensure that the policies enacted are in the best interests of women with HIV/AIDS and those most at risk." A highly recommended book for all libraries.
767. Lesbian Polyfidelity: A Pleasure Guide for All Women Whose Hearts Are Open to Multiple Sensualoves, or, How to Keep Nonmonogamy Safe, Sane, Honest and Laughing, You Rogue!, by Celeste West. 1996. Booklegger Publishing, PO Box 460654-B, San Francisco, CA 94146. 339p., index. ISBN 0-912932-16-3, 0-912932-15-5pbk. $25.00, $15.00pbk. (Descriptors: Social Life and Customs of Lesbians, Lesbians, Sexual Behavior of Lesbians, Jealousy, Sexual Ethics, Sexuality Surveys, Polyfidelity, Polyamory)
In this book polyfidelity is the "ongoing relationships of a Lesbian or bisexual woman who is romantically and/or sensually involved with more than one person concurrently, while being honest about it with all her lovers." With this statement in your mind, keep an open mind, and enjoy a book that delves into all aspects of polyfidelity. It is not a book for the prude. It is not a book for the religious right or the far left politician. It is definitely not a book for the notorious Reverend Phelps. It is, instead, an entertaining book for the open-minded lesbian who wants to enjoy life to its fullest, be safe while doing it, be honest with everyone around her, and, above all, be able to smile and be happy. AIDS is a concern for lesbians as it is for other women, especially when lesbians interact with bisexual women who may have come in contact with the virus through their male acquaintances and are needle drug users. Fortunately for lesbians, the risk of AIDS in lesbian sex is very small but there is always the chance of having sex with another lesbian who has been infected with the virus through IV drug use when you are practicing polyfidelity. Rather than risking being infected with the HIV virus, lesbians should be worried about hepatitis, venereal disease, or parasites. Celeste states: "Regarding health, worry instead about air pollution, crashing cars, junk food. With one woman dying of breast cancer every twelve minutes, maybe the sweetest, safest and smartest sex practice of them all is to examine your true lovers' breasts at least once a month in circles of precious attention."
Although there will be objections from library boards, this is still a recommended book for large public libraries and academic libraries. If it offends you to talk about lesbian polyfidelity, then do not read the book. On the other hand, if you want to be educated and entertained at the same time, this is a terrific book to read.
768. AIDS Education: Interventions in Multi-Cultural Societies, edited by Inon I. Schenker, Galia Sabar-Friedman, Francisco S. Sy. 1996. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013. 265p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-306-45489-0. $85.00. (Descriptors: Prevention, Study and Teaching, Transcultural Medical Care, Patient Education) (61 Contributors)
The papers presented in this book are the out growth of the Ninth International Conference on AIDS Education, an annual meeting of the International Society for HIV/AIDS Education and Prevention (ISHEP), co-sponsored by the Jerusalem AIDS Project (JAIP), and held in Jerusalem, Israel between November 26 and December 1, 1995. The papers focus on a wide variety of topics concerned with culturally sensitive HIV prevention interventions. There were 52 different countries represented at this meeting. This book is a reflection of the state of AIDS educations during 1995. Multi-cultural issues are the most predominant themes. What works in one part of the world may not work in another because of the cultural differences. Yet, there is a small thread that intertwines all of the education and it is that thread that is so important in developing a world-wide program that can be adapted to any cultural.
Education programs are presented from many countries, including Cyprus, Israel, United States, Latin America, Sweden, Africa, Brazil, Gaza and the West Bank, Europe, Italy, Uganda, Kenya, and Costa Rica. The 36 chapters are divided among broad topics: "Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks," "The People's Voice: Legislation and Policy Making," "A Tale of Three Countries," "Women and AIDS," "Programs, Interventions, Practices," "Evaluating Intervention: What Does Work?," and "AIDS and Religion." This is an excellent summary of multi-cultural AIDS education programs around the world. It is a highly recommended book for all academic libraries, providing information that is difficult to find.
769. Working with AIDS: A Guide for Businesses and Business People, by Adam Christie. 1995. Employers' Advisory Service on AIDS & HIV/Modus Operandi Consulting, PO Box 410891, San Francisco, CA 94141-0891. 227p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-873031-14-9. (Descriptors: Workplace, Education, Businesses)
Although this book is three years old, it contains a great amount of information that is still valid in today's fight of AIDS. Businesses and business people are still having to be re-educated in order to understand what it means to be infected with the AIDS virus. As AIDS moves into the shadows of becoming a chronic disease, and as people become more comfortable working with and around those who are infected, the better off this world will be. "Politicians and business leaders can either be the architects of change or the victims of it. The Right, dedicated to short-term cuts in public expenditure, is increasing the long-term burden for business, commerce and industry. The Argument, between morality (often in the name of theology) and the dollar, is by no means new. Ironically, the work involved in responding most cost-effectively to HIV/AIDS may provide the proof, uncomfortable for politicians as it may be, that putting cash first may, for once in the history of humanity, actually save more lives." This sums up the focus of this book. There are many lessons to be learned by those who have worked on the frontlines of AIDS charities and Adam is one of those individuals from whom we can learn a great deal. He has brought together years of experience to provide a guide that is recommended for all business leaders and politicians. He discusses program development, dangers of unrealistic expectations, negotiating sensitively, HIV/AIDS and theology, women and HIV/AIDS, diversity of organizations, marketing and promotion, assessment, evaluation, and preparing for the 21st century.
This is a well-written book full of useful information. It is highly recommended for all academic libraries and for the special libraries of businesses and politicians. There is much work to be done and business leaders have to step forward and say that they will do there part as must the politicians who handle the purse strings.