AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 42

A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 42-February, 1998


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787. Youths Living with HIV: Self-Evident Truths, by G. Cajetan Luna.
788. New Sexual Agendas, edited by Lynne Segal.
789. In Changing Times: Gay Men and Lesbians Encounter HIV/AIDS, edited by Martin P. Levine, Peter M. Nardi, John H. Gagnon.
790. Nutritional Abnormalities in Infectious Diseases: Effects on Tuberculosis and AIDS, edited by Christopher E. Taylor.
791. Least of These My Brethren: A Doctor's Story of Hope and Miracles on an Inner-City AIDS Ward, by Daniel Baxter.
792. Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine, revised and expanded edition by Lester Grinspoon, James B. Bakalar.
793. Penis Book: An Owner's Manual, by Margaret Gore.
794. AIDS and the National Body, by Thomas E. Yingling.
795. AIDS Law, by Margaret C. Jasper.
796. Farewell Symphony: A Novel, by Edmund White.
797. AIDS: Activism and Alliances, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart.
798. Tao of Immunology: A Revolutionary New Understanding of Our Body's Defenses, by Marc Lappe.
799. AIDS, Fear, and Society: Challenging the Dreaded Disease, by Kenneth J. Doka.
800. InfoPack v.7, no.4, December, 1997, by Community Prescription Service.
801. POZ, November, December, 1997; January, 1998.

787. Youths Living with HIV: Self-Evident Truths, by G. Cajetan Luna. 1997. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 195p., bibliog., index. (Haworth Gay and Lesbian Studies). ISBN 0-78990-0176-4, 1-56023-904-2pbk. $39.95, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Case Studies; Young Adults)

This interesting book is a collection of documented interviews of youths living with HIV during 1992 and 1993. The individuals who were interviewed were male and female youths between the ages of nineteen and twenty-five; self-identified as bisexual, gay, heterosexual, or transgendered; all racial groups; both urban and suburban; most had high school diplomas or equivalency; and many were pursuing higher education. Four central thematic areas were explored: "The background that led up to infection," "Their beliefs on how and why their infection occurred," "Their experiences associated with the HIV test and notification," and "Their experiences subsequent to testing HIV positive." The book provides a picture of the past and present struggles that young people with HIV and AIDS face on a daily basis. "The issues that concerned the majority studied were incest, abuse, rape, sexuality or sexual expression, imbalanced relationships, and especially the achievement of respectability and stability." "The narratives illustrate the insights and dignity of young people confronting less-than-positive life challenges and circumstances."

This is an important piece of research that looks into the lives of our young people infected with this virus. It provides us a chance to try and understand how these people feel about themselves, people around them, and especially their past sexual experiences and the people with whom they shared these experiences. This is a highly recommended book for all school libraries and should be a major background source of information for academic research libraries.

788. New Sexual Agendas, edited by Lynne Segal. 1997. New York University Press, Washington Square, New York, NY 10003. 278p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8147-8076-8, 0-8147-8075-Xpbk. $45.00, $17.95pbk. (Descriptors: Psychology of Sex; Sexuality in Popular Culture; Prevention; Moral and Ethical Aspects) (Contributors: Lucy Bland, Bob Connell, Martin Durham, Simon Forrest, Stephen Frosh, Lesley Hall, Graham Hart, Jill Lewis, Mary McIntosh, Mandy Merck, Frank Mort, Shirley Prendergast, Lynne Segal, Andrew Samuels, Alan Sinfield, Anna Marie Smith, Leonore Tiefer, Jane M. Ussher, Jeffrey Weeks, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, Carla Willig)

This book is based on a conference that was held at Middlesex University in July, 1995. "The novelty of the 1995 conference, and the discussions it generated, all in its attempt to tackle some of the urgent practical and conceptual challenges in the sexual arena by crossing all the customary practical and theoretical divisions." There are those who believe that sex is a natural happening brought about by our inner urges or instinctual forces. Others believe that sex is no more than a fictional unity. "The essays in this volume engage directly with the intersecting debates and controversies stimulated by these conflicting perspectives, while trying to map a way forward for understanding and living with the diversity of people's sexual lives today."

The papers are grouped into three areas: "Historical Roots, New Shoots," "Medicine and Morality," and "Sexual Subjectivities, Social Conflicts." In the first group are seven papers: "Heroes or Villains? Reconsidering British fin de siecle Sexology," "Thinking Sex Historically," "Psychoanalytic Challenges: A Contribution to the New Sexual Agenda," "Sexual Values Revisited," "Sexual Revolution," "Feminist Sexual Politics and the Heterosexual Predicament," and "Conservative Agendas and Government Policy." The second grouping of papers on medicine and morality include: "Medicine, Morality and the Public Management of Sexual Matters," "Yes, But Does It Work? Impediments to Rigorous Evaluations of Gay Men's Health," "Trust as Risky Practice," "Therapy as Think Tank: From a Man's Internal Family to New Political Forms," and "The Case of the Lesbian Phallus: Bridging the Gap between Material and Discursive Analyses of Sexuality."

The final group includes: "The Context of Women's Power(lessness) in Heterosexual Interactions," "Hieroglyphs of the Heterosexual: Learning About Gender in School," "Queer Identities and the Ethnicity Model," "Seeing the World from a Lesbian and Gay Standpoint," "The Good Homosexual and the Dangerous Queer: Resisting the New Homophobia," "Death Camp: Feminism vs Queer Theory," and "So How Did Your Condom Use Go Last Night, Daddy? Sex Talk and Daily Life." This is a very worthwhile book that presents ideas that many have thought about but dared not to talk about. The last sentence of the book sums it up: "From marriage bed to brothel, economic need to leisure, singles clubs to religious orders, military regiments to syndromes of domestic sexual abuse, from holiday resorts to refugee camps, homes to rented rooms: the virus is moving...and its context needs, somehow, to be talked about much, much more." A recommended book for all libraries.

789. In Changing Times: Gay Men and Lesbians Encounter HIV/AIDS, edited by Martin P. Levine, Peter M. Nardi, John H. Gagnon. 1997. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637. 313p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-226-27856-5, 0-226-27857-3pbk. $55.00, $17.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Gay Men; Lesbians) (Contributors: Barry D. Adam, Lourdes Arguelles, Rafael Miguel Diaz, John H. Gagnon, Gilbert Herdt, Gregory M. Herek, Nan D. Hunter, Martin P. Levine, Peter M. Nardi, John L. Peterson, Anne Rivero, Gayle S. Rubin, Beth E. Schneider, Nancy E. Stoller)

The papers in this book were the result of a conference that was held in December, 1992, in California. Much of what has been studied focused on the biomedical emphasis, looking at such things as : "How many partners men had, whether they had anal sex, and what their serostatus might be." No one has thought about the impact HIV/AIDS has had on the practices and culture of gay and lesbian communities, how it has literally reshaped these communities into something different. These are very interesting papers that provide much to think about. The one thing that comes out very clearly is: "AIDS-related activities promoted an intergenerational discourse and structural changes that have altered the coming out and identity-formation processes in a new generation of American youth."

The eleven papers cover: "Mobilizing Around AIDS: Sites of Struggle in the Formation of AIDS Subjects," "Censorship and Identity in the Age of AIDS," "Friends, Lovers, and Families: The Impact of AIDS on Gay and Lesbian Relationships," "Spiritual Emergencies and Psycho-Spiritual Treatment Strategies among Gay/Homosexual Latinos with HIV Disease," "Elegy for the Valley of Kings: AIDS and the Leather Community in San Francisco, 1981-1996," "Owning an Epidemic: The Impact of AIDS on Small-City Lesbian and Gay Communities," "From Feminism to Polymorphous Activism: Lesbians in AIDS Organizations," "The HIV Epidemic and Public Attitudes toward Lesbians and Gay Men," "Latino Gay Men and Psycho-Cultural Barriers to AIDS Prevention," "Intergenerational Relations and AIDS in the Formation of Gay Culture in the United States," and "AIDS-Related Risks and Same-Sex Behaviors among African American Men."

A very well written book that should be in all academic and medical libraries as well as in the larger public libraries.

790. Nutritional Abnormalities in Infectious Diseases: Effects on Tuberculosis and AIDS, edited by Christopher E. Taylor. 1997. Haworth Medical Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 58p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Nutritional Immunology, v.5, no.1). ISBN 0-7890-0019-9. $17.95. (Descriptors: Nutritional Aspects; Tuberculosis; Malnutrition Complications; Immunity; Nutrition Disorders, Nutrition) (Contributors: Christopher E. Taylor, David N. McMurray, J. Chan, K. Tanaka, C. Mannion, D. Carroll, M. Tsang, Y. Xing, C. Lowenstein, Barry R. Bloom, A. Catharine Ross, Steven D. Douglas, Susanna Cunningham-Rundles, Lenora M. Noroski, Joseph S. Cervia, Gwen A. Huitt, Gerald T. Keusch, Frank M. Collins)

It is estimated that tuberculosis will claim more than 30 million lives in the coming decade. Some of this is the result of multi-drug resistant strains and the lack of patient adherence to therapy. It is evident that some drastic changes have to be made. "The eventual outcome of the host-mycobacterial interaction depends on several complex factors including genetic, environmental, and nutritional conditions." The eight papers in this publication cover: "Nutritional Determinants of Resistance to Tuberculosis," "Effects of Protein Calorie Malnutrition on Mice Infected with BCG," "Vitamin A Nutritional Status--Relationship to the Infection and the Antibody Response," "Modulation of Phagocyte Function by Nutrition," "Malnutrition as a Co-Factor in HIV Disease," "Clinical Aspects of Nutrition in Tuberculosis," "Malnutrition and AIDS in the Developing World," and "Tuberculosis and the Nutritionally Disadvantage." Although this is a small book it has much to offer to researchers. It is recommended for all medical and academic libraries.

791. Lest of These My Brethren: A Doctor's Story of Hope and Miracles on an Inner-City AIDS Ward, by Daniel J. Baxter. 1997. Harmony Books/Crown Publishers, 201 E. 50th St., New York, NY 10022. 254p. ISBN 0-517-70699-7. $24.00. (Descriptors: Patients; Hospital Care; Moral and Ethical Aspects)

In this day of AIDS, the homeless, the drug users, and the poor are more often than not overlooked when they are infected with the HIV virus. Dr. Baxter has written a moving book that tells what it is like to be on an AIDS ward on a typical day where there is chaos, squalor, sorrow, triumphs, joy, "and the profound lessons on life and living that these dying patients have to teach us." Although the stories that the patients have to tell are heart-wrenching and graphic, Dr. Baxter's compassion and insight provide the reader a moving and inspirational experience. "These patient stories--many of which are graphic and, at least on the surface, undeniably sad--serve a larger purpose of helping readers examine their own concerns about living and dying, since, as simple reflection tells us, we are all ultimately HIV-positive in this cumbersome experience called life."

A highly recommended book for all libraries.

792. Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine, revised and expanded edition by Lester Grinspoon, James B. Bakalar. 1997. Yale University Press, PO Box 209040, New Haven, CT 06520-9040. 296p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-300-07085-3, 0-300-07086-1pbk. $35.00, $16.00pbk. (Descriptors: Marijuana; Therapeutic Use of Marijuana; Social Aspects; Law and Legislation)

"In the years since this book was first published, it has become clear that cannabis is a remarkable versatile as well as a safe medicine." The book provides more support to making the use of medical marihuana legal. The case histories that were included in the original book have been updated. After presenting a history of Cannabis, the major part of the book describes the medical use of marihuana in treating a wide range of maladies, including cancer chemotherapy, glaucoma, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia, quadriplegia, AIDS, chronic pain, migraine, rheumatic diseases, pruritus, premenstrual syndrome, menstrual cramps, labor pains, depression, asthma, insomnia, nausea, dystonias, adult attention deficit disorder, schizophrenia, systemic sclerosis, Crohn's disease, diabetes gastroparesis, pseudotumor cerebri, tinnitus, violence, post-traumatic stress disorder, phantom limb pain, alcoholism, and terminal illness.

This is a very informative book that speaks to the positive uses of marihuana in a medical setting. It is recommended for private libraries as well as all other libraries. Keep in mind, however, there will be some who will object to having this book available since it advocates something that is illegal to have.

793. Penis Book: An Owner's Manual, by Margaret Gore. 1997. Allen & Unwin, 89p. ISBN 1-86448-329-6. $10.95. (Descriptors: Penis Care and Hygiene; Male Generative Organs; Health and Hygiene; Sex Instruction for Men)

Although this book is by a women, it does contain some no-nonsense information that every male should know. Since men are keen on reading owner's manuals, Gore felt that men would read her Penis Book if it was called an owner's manual. Myths and facts are presented on all aspects of the penis and its use. The ten chapters cover: "Sex, Lies and Video Tapes," "The Plumbing--How the Penis and Testes Work," "Puberty Blues," "Contraception for Men," "What You Should Know About HIV/AIDS," "Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases," "What Happens When You Go to a Sexual Health Centre," "Sexual Problems and Solutions," "Sex as You Grow Older," and "The Most Commonly Asked Questions About Sex."

This is an interesting book that is full of much information. Every male should at least glance at this book. There is definitely something in it for them, even if they think they know everything there is to know about their penis. A highly recommended book for all libraries. It should be in all school libraries, but this reviewer knows that will never happen.

794. AIDS and the National Body, by Thomas E. Y