Since the first edition of this book, published in 1995, a great deal has developed in understanding how the HIV virus has developed. "There is no longer any question about the value of aggressive, comprehensive, and early treatment." It has been shown again and again that proper nutrition for all of those who are HIV positive is an important key in making the new drug treatments work properly. One of the most common side effects of AIDS is wasting which is tied closely to the nutrional status of our bodies. This book discusses the various aspects of nutrition, what you can do for yourself and what you can do with your doctor.
For yourself you can start with an assessment of your needs and then consider vitamins, minerals, trace elements, other supplements, improving your appetite, and improving your environment. All of these will have a positive result in how well your body can adjust to the virus and to the treatments that you may be undergoing. With your doctor the main concern is preventing wasting before it happens. This may involve rigorous schedules and strict diets, but it is important. All in all there is some excellent guidance in this well-written book. Of particular note are the appendices that include the 1993 CDC criteria for a diagnosis of AIDS, diet diary and nutritional assessment form, list of caloric values, vitamin supplementation sources, types of studies to evaluate drug effects, HIV flow sheet, recommended schedules for prophylaxis of infection, HIV intake physical, buyers' clubs and information sources, partial list of feeding programs and antiretrovirogram: reverse transcriptase inhibitors. A glossary is included. This is a highly recommended book for any HIV positive individual who needs to understand the importance of proper nutrition in order to stay as well as possible.
860. AIDS Funding: A Guide to Giving by Foundations & Charitable Organizations, 5th edition edited by Elizabeth H. Rich, Phyllis Edelson, Jeffrey A. Falkenstein, Rebecca MacLean. 1997. The Foundation Center, 79 5th Ave., New York, NY 10003-3076. 210p., index. ISBN 0-87954-723-5. $75.00. (Descriptors: Funding)
The Foundation Center is noted for its excellent directories of granting agencies. Its Foundation Directory that is published annually is a must-have reference source in all major libraries and the Bible for any organization that depends on grants for its survival. They have produced a specialized directory that is just for AIDS funding. It contains 662 entries, including 495 grant-making foundations, 114 public charities and 53 direct corporate giving programs that have shown a substantial interest in programs for AIDS/HIV, either as part of their stated purpose or through actual grants awarded. There are 1,110 grants representing approximately $48.5 million in support of a variety of AIDS/HIV services and projects, including direct medical care, education and prevention programs, and medical research.
The directory is arranged alphabetically by state, and entries for funders are arranged alphabetically by name within each state. Each entry is sequentially numbered, providing easy access from the indexes. Complete information about the foundation or charitable organization is given, including the number of grants offered with dollar amounts, type of grants, limitations, application information, and various other facts that help in deciding whether or not to approach that particular foundation or organization. There is an index to donors, officers, and trustees; geographic index; types of support index; index to grants by subject; and index of grant-making organizations in alphabetical order.
This is a must-have book, too, for all major libraries, especially medical libraries and AIDS facilities.
861. Children in Social Peril: A Community Vision for preserving Family Care of African American Children and Youths, compiled by Sheryl Brissett-Chapman, Mareasa Issacs-Shockley. 1997. Child Welfare League of America, 440 First St. NW 3red Fl., Washington, DC 20001-2085. 51p., bibliog. ISBN 0-87868-685-1. $5.95. (Descriptors: African American; Children; Adolescents)
This is a report of the First African American Child Welfare Summit Convened by the Black Administrators in Child Welfare, Inc. sponsored by the Annie E. Case Foundation that took place June 2-4, 1995 at the Annie Malone Children and Family Service Center in St. Louis, Missouri. Although AIDS is not specified in this report, it is no surprise that African American children who are HIV positive will be high on the list of concerns of all those associated with the conference. The report discusses the issues and challenges that are involved with child welfare; defines the African American community of the future; and provides strategies and recommendations. A recommended book for all academic libraries and public libraries that serve African American communities.
862. Managing AIDS: Organizational Responses in Six European Countries, edited by Patrick Kenis, Bernd Marin. 1997. European Centre Vienna/Ashgate Publishing, Old Post Road, Brookfield, VT 05036. 384p., bibliog. (Public Policy and Social Welfare, v. 18). ISBN 1-85972-126-5. $34.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Political Aspects; Moral Aspects)
"The Managing AIDS project, of which some results are published in the present volume, began in 1989 as a WHO Collaborative Study. Its design was developed in close collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Council of AIDS Service Organizations (EuroCASO)." The data for the study were collected in the period between 1992 and 1995. This book presents the results of the country studies. Since the same research design was used for all countries, the data can be compared fairly easy. The first chapter outlines the study. The following chapters discuss each of the countries in detail, providing a wealth of tables and information for Switzerland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Austria, and Italy. Extensive references at the end of each chapter add to the value of this book.
Of particular interest is the first appendix that provides a bar graph of the cumulative number of AIDS cases and AIDS ratios (per million population) for 1984-1994 for France, Spain, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Portugal, Belgium, Austria, Sweden, and Hungary. This is an excellent book for research use that provides an insight to AIDS in Europe. It is recommended for all academic libraries.
863. Researching Sexual Behavior: Methodological Issues, edited by John Bancroft. 1997. Indiana University Press, 601 N. Morton St., Bloomington, IN 47404. 461p., bibliog., index. (Kinsey Institute Series). ISBN 0-253-33339-3. $49.95. (Descriptors: Sexology; Research; Gender; Reproduction)
The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction at Indiana University hosted a small international meeting on April 26-28, 1996 to discuss the concern over HIV infection and sexual behavior. This book is the result of this meeting, publishing the papers that were presented. It includes a few papers that were written after the meeting. The first part: "Linking Research to Policy" presents two papers--"Sexuality Research in the United States and International Perspectives on Sexuality Research." The next part: "Methodology for the Individual", also, has two papers: "Survey Measurement of Sexual Behavior: Problems and Progress" and "Surveying Sexuality and AIDS: Interviewer Attitudes and Representations."
The next part: "Methodology in Specific Contexts" has 6 papers: "Measuring Sexual Behavior among Teenage Males in the United States," "Item Nonresponse in the National AIDS Behavioral Surveys among African American and White Respondents," "The Effects of Question Wording, Interviewer Gender, and Control on Item Response by African American Respondents," "Researching Sexual Behavior: Methodological Issues for Hispanics," "Sexual Research with Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men," and "Sexual Behavior Research: Studying Bisexual Men and Women and Lesbians." Part 4: "Change in Behavior Over Time" presents "Pooling Information from Repeated Population Surveys" and Methodological Problems in Trend Analysis of Sexual Behavior." The next part: "Retrospective versus Daily Assessment, also, has two papers: "A Comparison of Retrospective Interview Assessment versus Daily Ratings of Sexual Interest and Activity in Women" and "Concordance between Self-Report Questionnaires an Coital Diaries for Sexual Behaviors of Adolescent Women with Sexually Transmitted Infections."
Part 6: "Participating Bias" includes "Sampling Male Homosexuality" and "Assessing Participation Bias" followed by part 7: "Researching Sexual Networks" that includes "Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in the Study of Sexuality" and "A Research Design for Studying Romantic Partners." Part 8: "Researching Sexual Interactions" has one paper: "Coding Interactional Sexual Scripts" and part 9 has 3 concluding papers: "Sex Surveys in the Context of Survey Research," "Gender," and "Cross-Cultural Issues." The last 4 papers are post conference papers: "Qualitative Methods in Sex Research in Papua New Guinea," "Item Nonresponse to Questions about Sex, Substance Use, and School: Results from the Reach for Health Study of African American and Hispanic Young Adolescents," "Measuring Social Networks Using Samples," and "A Model for Investigating Respondent-Interviewer Relationships in Sexual Surveys."
This is a highly recommended book for all researchers delving into sexual behavior, especially as it is associated with AIDS. It is a must-have book for all academic and medical libraries.
864. Political Economy of AIDS, edited by Merrill Singer. 1998. Baywood Publishing Co., PO Box 337, Amityville, NY 11701. 236p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-89503-177-9. $37.00. (Descriptors: Economic Aspects; Political Aspects)
The political implications of AIDS has been discussed since 1989 when the American Anthropological Association held a symposium entitled "The Politics of AIDS." "This book emphasizes the social nature of disease, including AIDS." Diseases in general have imposed many social wrongs such as inequality, discrimination, exploitation, poverty, denial of dignity, limited life options, oppression, limited access to health and social services, to name only a few. This book focuses "on the roles of political economy in diverse settings and populations in spreading AIDS or blocking access to resources among people who are already infected."
The 10 well-written and documented chapters cover: "Forging a Political Economy of AIDS," "Images of Catastrophe: The Making of an Epidemic," "Articulating Personal Experience and Political Economy in the AIDS Epidemic: The Case of Carlos Torres," "Love, Jealousy, and Unsafe Sex among Inner-City Women," "Multiple Racial/Ethnic Subordination and HIV among Drug Injectors," "Medical Access for Injecting Drug Users," "The Political Economy of Caregiving for People with HIV/AIDS," "The Political Ecology of AIDS in Africa," "More than Money for Your Labor: Migration and the Political Economy of AIDS in Lesotho," and "Political Economy and Cultural Logics of HIV/AIDS among the Hmong in Northern Thailand."
This is an excellent book that is recommended for all academic libraries.
865. Heavenly Hurts: Surviving AIDS-Related Deaths and Losses, by Sandra Jacoby Klein. 1998. Baywood Publishing Co., PO Box 337, Amityville, NY 11701. 153p., bibliog., index. (Death, Value and Meaning Series). ISBN 0-89503-181-7. $29.95. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects; Patients; Death; Bereavement)
Death is always in the back of an individual's mind when AIDS is mentioned. Until a few years ago, death was inevitable. Now, there is hope for more and more people who are HIV positive. New drug treatments have extended life expectancy beyond what was every thought to be possible. Unfortunately, there are many for which the drug treatments are not as successful, resulting in premature death. In the gay and lesbian communities, death was very frequent. As a result, these communities quickly came together and understood the process of grieving and closure. There are books and plays written about death and grieving that focus on the gay community. Therapists have learned a great deal from these people and now offer their services to the rest of the world.
Klein and her co-worker, Fletcher, have led grief support groups for survivors of deaths from AIDS-related illnesses for many years. It is from these experiences that she has published this book so that others may benefit from her knowledge. The purposes of this book are many but there are 4 that are above all others: "Enhance coping skills," "Understand the value of support systems," "Use community resources," and "Gain an awareness of the issues faced by all who are affected by HIV/AIDS."
The 14 chapters cover: "Understanding HIV and AIDS," "Understanding Death, Loss, and Feelings of Grief," "AIDS Grief," "AIDS Grief Groups," "Multiple Losses of AIDS: Not Just Deaths," "Problem Solving in the Gay Community," "Survivors: HIV-Negative, HIV-Positive, Status Unknown," "Needs of the Caregivers," "Dealing with Death in the Workplace," "The Language of Death and Dying," "Cultural Dimensions of Grief," "For Mental Health Professionals," "What to Look for in a Clinician," and "Coping and Survival Skills." This is an extremely well-written book that "is filled with insight and caring," creating "a pool of relief in the vast sea of HIV/AIDS." Death is never a topic that is high on the list of any individual's mind. It is, however, something that everyone has to come to grips with more than once in their life time. This is a recommended book for everyone to have in their own library and should be available in all public libraries.
866. Rights of the Dying: A Companion for Life's Final Moments, by David Kessler. 1997. HarperPerennial, 10 East 53rd St., New York, NY 10022-5299. 204p. ISBN 0-06-018753-0. $13.00. (Descriptors: Death; Psychological Aspects; Terminally Ill; Family Relationships; Case Studies)
As with the previous book, this book deals with death as an "inescapable part of life." It is always there and cannot be prevented since it is a natural part of life. Our ancestors dealt with death much easier than we do in modern society. They cared for their ill and dying, prepared their loved ones for burial, and mourned them with dignity. All of this was done in front of their children. Today, unfortunately, we try to hide all of this from our children. When a young child dies, schools bring in counselors to help the children cope with the death because most parents are not able to cope with the death themselves and do not know how to comfort others. This small book examines the physical and emotional experience of death. It is intended to help you restore power to the dying and the loved ones by understanding the needs and feelings as well as the rights of the one who is dying. Mother Teresa and Cardinal Bernidine all faced death with dignity. Their words to everyone were to not be afraid of dying. "The dying need tender loving, nothing more."
The three most important rights of the terminally ill are: "The right to be treated as a living human being," "The right to be cared for by those who can maintain a sense of hopefulness, however changing this may be," and "The right to be free of pain." Kessler has written a book that should be of help to many individuals who have never lost anyone, especially a loved one. It is an effort to ease the pain for both the one who is ill and those who surround that individual. A recommended book for public libraries.
867. We Are Everywhere: A Historical Sourcebook of Gay and Lesbian Politics, edited by Mark Blasius, Shane Phelan. 1997. Routledge, 29 West 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 844p. ISBN 0-415-90858-2, 0-415-90859-0pbk. $75.00, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Gay Liberation Movement; Homosexuality; Political Aspects; History; Gay Men; Political Activity; Lesbians; Political Science; Philosophy)
AIDS has had an enormous impact on the gay and lesbian communities. It has polarized many individuals and groups. The Christian Right has declared that this is what God wanted to happen. Political leaders debate the needs of gays and lesbians in the arena of domestic partner rights. Far too many gays and lesbians have to live a life of denial in order to still be in contact with their families, churches, and friends. Rumors abound, misinterpretation is always present, facts are twisted to the ultimate, discrimination is still present, and people still turn their backs on gays and lesbians. Fortunately, much progress has been made in educating the rest of the world on what it is like to be gay or lesbian. We have some excellent champions who are constantly speaking on the behalf of gays and lesbians. True, there is still misinformation, but there is far more truthful information being reported now than every before.
This book "provides a record of the issues and ideas surrounding the politics of homosexuality. It is not, strictly speaking, a history of lesbian and gay polities; it is, rather, a largely chronological presentation of the ways in which people whose primary sexual attraction is to others of the same sex have understood their social and political position." Same-sex love has been around for centuries. In some cultures it is accepted, in others the individuals are shunned or arrested, tortured, and killed. The sad fact is that so many individuals try to use the Bible against gays and lesbians, justifying their hatred for gays and lesbians, and making them the lowest form of life on earth.
Here is a book that will set the record straight. It has been thoroughly researched by a gay and a lesbian. It is divided into 6 chronological sections: "Pre-History of Gay and Lesbian Movement," "The Beginnings of a Gay and Lesbian Movement," "The Homophile Movement 1950-1969," "Gay Liberation and Lesbian-Feminism," "The Gay and Lesbian Politics of AIDS," and "The Present Moment and the Future of Desire." This is a book that will take some time to read. It need not be read from cover to cover. By looking at the table of contents one can quickly pick out topics that one has wondered about, heard about, and would like to know more about. Each of the chapters contains the full text of the writings of individuals who have been prominent during their time. You will find authors such as Kurt Hiller, V.V. Rozanov, Ken Burns, Wilda Chase, Carl Wittman, Harvey Milk, Michel Foucault, Pat Califia, Larry Kramer, and Randy Shilts.
A highly recommended book for everyone who needs to have a better understanding of gay and lesbian politics. "We Are Everywhere" is not just a rallying phrase. It is a statement for the world that gays and lesbians have a right to be heard, they are everywhere, and they cannot be changed from being gay and lesbian to being straight. Highly recommended for all school, public, and academic libraries.
868. War in the Blood: Sex, Politics and AIDS in Southeast Asia, by Chris Beyrer. 1998. Zed Books, 175 Fifth Ave. Room 400, New York, NY 10010. 246p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-85649-531-0, 1-85649-532-9pbk. $62.50, $22.50pbk. (Descriptors: Thailand; Burma; Cambodia; Laos; Malaysia; Vietnam; Yunnan; Women; Military; Prisoners)
The spread of AIDS in Southeast Asia has been kept a secret for too long. Beyrer has done a remarkable job in bringing together facts that will help all Southeast Asian countries in their struggle to cope with the ever-increasing incidence of AIDS. Seven countries are targeted in this book: Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, and China. They include two democracies, a military dictatorship, three of the world's five remaining Communist regimes, and an Islamic Republic. Since the spread of HIV involves sex and drug use, many of these countries have not tried to tract the disease in any detail, especially where sex and religion are in conflict with one another.
The first part of the book looks at each country, describing its character, political structure, and social life. The second part looks at the peoples and risks: women, flesh trade, military, heroin, tribes, genders, prisoners, the media, and activists. The last part: "Relativity and Culture" has 4 chapters: "Drug Wars and the War on Drugs," "Medical Ethics, Human Rights, Asian Values," "Democracy, Empowerment, and Health," and "Conclusion: Condoms or Land-Mines." The last chapter sums it up: "The choice for governments is between condoms and land-mines, investments in life or in death, improved health or increased suffering." The more AIDS is ignored, the more devastating it will be to the populations affected. Governments can respond positively. Governments can come to grips with this disease. "The choices are clear. We need more action. Wars in the blood can be won." This is a recommended book for all academic libraries.
869. New Good Vibrations Guide to Sex, 2nd edition by Cathy Winks, Anne Semans. 1997. Cleis Press, PO Box 14684, San Francisco, CA 94114. 304p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-57344-069-9. $21.95. (Descriptors: Sex; Sex Instruction)
AIDS has altered the way many individuals have sex, both straight and gay. It is important to have access to accurate sex information so that the sex can be safe, clean, and enjoyable. Cathy Winks and Anne Semans have been discussing sex toys, books and videos with hundreds of customers in their retail stores and have sent their mail-order catalogs to thousand of individuals. They have put together a guide to sex that is honest, straight forward, not stuffy, and full of information that is sometimes omitted from the more sophisticated sex guides. True, there will be those who will say that this book is trash in that it advocates the use of sex toys and videos. Many feminists will say that this is an exploitative book. No matter how you look at it. The more information we can have in how to have safer sex, the better off we will be in staying healthy. This book will provide information on sexual activities that are "old hat" as well as those that are intriguing. Caution, however, if talking about sex in the sense of pleasure offends you, do not read this book. It is sure to offend a certain segment of society. On the other hand, if a healthy sexual life that is safe and enjoyable is of interest to you, then this book is a must.
This is an excellent guide that talks about such topics as sexual self-image, communication, masturbation, lubrication, creative touching, oral sex, vibrators, dildos, anal toys, fantasies, printed material, videos, high-tech sex, S/M and power play, safer sex, and censorship. This is a book written in plain, uncensored English that provides all of the basics that one will need to know in order to have enjoyable sex. Highly recommended for all personal libraries and recommended for public libraries that are not afraid of censorship and for all academic libraries.
870. Gender Politics of HIV/AIDS in Women: Perspectives on the Pandemic in the United States, edited by Nancy Goldstein, Jennifer L. Manlowe. 1997. New York University Press, 70 Washington Square S, New York, NY 10012-1091. 460p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8147-3094-9, 0-8147-3093-0pbk. $55.00, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Government Policy; Women's Rights)
The politics of HIV/AIDS is one that has become more intense as researchers search for a way to combat the disease. Education has always been high on the list in combating the disease as virologists call it or a syndrome as the immunologists define it. Clinical trials for new treatments are constantly being developed. Unfortunately, as in past clinical trials for other diseases or syndromes, women have been under utilized and overlooked. How a disease is fought in males can sometimes be quite different in females. It is because of this failing in our research community that there is now a focus in making sure that females are well-represented in clinical trials for all new treatments. This book presents 23 papers that focus on the gender politics of HIV/AIDS in women. "Our hope for this collection of essays (some of which are under pseudonyms at the authors' request) is that it will provide a forum where health service providers and researchers, social workers, community-based organizers, psychologists, HIV-infected people, cultural critics, and public policy makers can be exposed to each other's works and perspectives."
Some of the essays include: "Biomedical Models of HIV and Women," "Barriers to the Inclusion of Women in Research and Clinical Trials," "Adolescent Underrepresentation in Clinical AIDS Research," "HIV/AIDS and Asian and Pacific Islander Women," "Women, Violence, and HIV/AIDS," "Healing from Within: Women, HIV/AIDS, and the African-American Church," "The Bond is Called Blackness: Black Women and AIDS," "Coming to Their Own Rescue: Teens Teach Teens about HIV," "Haitian Teens Confront AIDS," "Native Women Living beyond HIV/AIDS Infection," "Leather, Lace, and Latex: Safer Sex for Women," and "Gender, Freedom, and Safety: Does the U. S. Have Anything to Learn from Cuban AIDS Policy?" In addition there are 7 responses from women with AIDS who speak out on how we have handled the women and AIDS issue.
This is an extremely important book for all researchers to be aware of. It is highly recommended for all academic and medical libraries and should be required reading for those researchers who tend to overlook women in their research and clinical trials. HIV/AIDS is everyone's concern and should be high on the list of concerns of researchers who overlook certain parts of the population.
871. AIDS as an Apocalyptic Metaphor in North America, by Susan Palmer. 1997. University of Toronto Press, 250 Sonwil Drive, Buffalo, NY 14225-5516. 199p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8020-0662-0, 0-8020-7616-5pbk. $50.00, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Religious Aspects; Religious Minorities; North America; Attitudes)
Medical research and public education have had some success in combating AIDS but the disease is still spreading and is till mysterious to many individuals. "In this highly original study, Susan Palmer explores the healing practices, metaphors, and apocalyptic fantasies of various religious, racial, and sexual minority groups as they respond to the AIDS threat." She has researched white and black identity movements, gay spirituality circles, communal groups, and millenarian cults. Her research has revealed numerous AIDS metaphors that refer "to medieval plagues, social disorder, decline of the nuclear family, and super-natural powers."
This book will educate you on how certain groups, sects, and religions see AIDS. It will anger you to think that labels can be placed on individuals in the name of religion. It will identify those carefully created quotes that one sees in the media. And, above all, it will make you speak out in defense of those who are afflicted with this horrific disease or syndrome in order to make sure that these individuals are not discriminated against and that they receive the respect and treatment that anyone deserves who happens to be ill. The groups you will read about include: Worldwide Church of God, followers of Moody Adams, Billy Graham, Jimmy Swaggart Ministries, The Church of Jesus Christ, Scientist, Church of the Latter-Day Saints, The Jehovah's Witnesses, The Rajneesh Movement, The Unification Church, The Children of God/The Family, The Church Universal and Triumphant, The LaRouchians, The Nation of Islam, The Ansaaru Allah Community, The Aryan Nations, and The Black Hebrews. This is a recommended book for all public and academic libraries. It may trouble some who read it, but it will educate many more who do not realize how vicious some groups can be.
872. Oxidative Stress in Cancer, AIDS, and Neurodegenerative Diseases, edited by Luc Montagnier, Rene Olivier, Catherine Pasquier. 1998. Maracel Dekker, 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016-0602. 558p., illus., bibliog., index. (Oxidative Stress and Disease). ISBN 0-8247-9862-7. $195.00. (Descriptors: Oxidative Stress; Cancer)
"Oxidative stress is an underlying factor in health and disease. More and more evidence is accumulating that a proper balance between oxidants and antioxidants is involved in maintaining health and longevity, and that altering this balance in favor of oxidants may result in pathological responses causing functional disorders and disease." Some 50 chapters present different views of oxygen and nitrite-free radicals, from the chemical to the clinical standpoints, via biochemistry and cellular and molecular biology. It is highly technical and extensively referenced, making it a primary research publication on this topic. The 50 chapters are arranged under 7 broad headings: "Oxidative Stress in Cell Biology and Biochemistry," "Oxidative Stress and Cellular Signaling," "Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis," "Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants," "Oxidative Stress and Cancer," "Oxidative Stress and AIDS," and "Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Diseases and Other Pathologies." There are 9 papers in the section concerning AIDS.
This is a highly recommended book for all medical libraries. It will become background reading for those doing research in Oxidative Stress as it pertains to all areas of health.