AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 48

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 48-December, 1998


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NOTE: There were no issues for September, October, or November. The Editor was recuperating from back surgery and a hospital staph infection. He apologizes for any inconvenience that this may have caused for those who depend on this journal.
873. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.10, no.4, August, 1998; v.10, no.5, October, 1998.
874. Daily Summaries from the National Cancer Institute, 2nd National AIDS Malignancy Conference, April 6-8, 1998, Bethesda, MD.
875. NNRTIs--A Class Whose Time Has Come: Post Geneva Update, Clinical Care Options for HIV Treatment Issues, August, 1998.
876. Cytomegalovirus (CMV): Retinitis, Prophylaxis, and Treatment, Clinical Care Options for HIV Continuum of Care Series, no.4, December, 1997.
877. Clinical Care Options for HIV, v.3, no.4, Spring, 1998; v.4, no.2, June, 1998, v.4, no.3, October, 1998.
878. Angels in Our Midst, photographs and text by Mary Fisher.
879. Pocket Book of Infectious Disease Therapy, by John G. Bartlett.
880. High-Risk Sexual Behavior: Interventions with Vulnerable Populations, by Evvie Becker, Elizabeth Rankin, Annette U. Rickel.
881. Coyote Medicine: Lessons from Native American Healing, by Lewis Mehl-Madrona.
882. Singing Bird Will Come: An AIDS Journal, by John R. Noonan.
883. Glutathione: The Ultimate Antioxidant, by Alan H. Pressman.
884. Starting with NRTIs: The Cornerstone of Successful Antiretroviral Combination Therapy, by Natiional Association of People with AIDS.
885. Dictionary of Natural Healing, by Deborah R. Mitchell.
886. Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS: Final Report, by Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.
887. Vanitas: A Novel, by Joseph Olshan.

873.AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.10, no.4, August, 1998; v.10, no.5, October, 1998. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. $150.00 per yr. institutions; $40.00 per yr. individuals. (Descriptors: Education; Prevention)

This excellent journal continues to provide state-of-the art information about AIDS and related issues. "This journal will serve as a forum devoted to the publication of original contributions that highlight existing and theoretical models of AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation. It will also cover various public health, psychosocial, ethical, and public, and public policy issues related to AIDS education and prevention."

Articles contained in the August, 1998 issue: "Measuring Condom Use: Asking 'Do You or Don't You' Isn't Enough," by Sharon S. Weir, Ronald E. Roddy, Leopold Zekeng, Kelley A. Ryan, Emelita L. Wong; "Condom Use in Sexual Exchange Relationships among Young Single Adults in Ghana," by Augustine Ankomah; "Psychosocial Correlates of Unprotected Anal Sex in a Cohort of Gay Men Attending an HIV-Negative Support Group," by James W. Dilley, Willi McFarland, Patricia Sullivan, and Michael Discepola; "Sexual and Drug Use Behaviors Among Women Crack Users: Implications for Prevention," by TK Logan, Carl Leukefeld, David Farabee; "The Onset of Drug Injection Among Sex Partners of Injection Drug Users," by Lawrence J. Ouellet, Afsaneh Rahimian, W. Wayne Wiebel; "A Longitudinal Study of AIDS Conversations between Mothers and Adolescents," by Eva S. Lefkowitz, Patricia Kahlbaugh, Terry Kit-fong Au, Marian Sigman; and "Barriers to Social Services for HIV-Infected Urban Migrators," by Isaac D. Montoya, David C. Bell, Alan J. Richard, Walter A. Goodpastor, Jerry Carlson.

Articles contained in the October, 1998 issue: "Participatory Action Research for Sustaining Individual and Community Change: A Model of HIV Prevention Education," by Patricia E. Stevens, Joanne M. Hall; "Relationship of HIV Testing and High-Risk Behaviors Among Clients in Methadone Maintenance Treatment," by Christine E. Grella, Michael Campos, M. Douglas Anglin; "Continuing Medical Education Versus Clinic-Based STD and HIV Education Interventions for Primary Care Service Providers: Replication and Extension," by James Alan Neff, Sharon P. Gaskill, Thomas J. Prihoda, Rachel V. Weiner, Kimberly B. Rydel; "Effectiveness of a Specialized vs. Traditional AIDS Education Program Attended by Homeless and Drug-Addicted Women Alone or with Supportive Persons," by Adeline Nyamathi, Jacquelyn Flaskerud, Collen Keenan, Barbara Leake; "Perceived AIDS Risk Among Adult Arrestee Injection Drug Users in Los Angeles County," by Kevin D. Henson, Douglas Longshore, Mark R. Kowalewski, M. Douglas Anglin, Kiku Annon; and "Acceptability of the Female Condom Among STD Clinic Patients," by Nabila El-Bassel, Satya P. Krishnan, Robert F. Schilling, Susan Witte, Louisa Gilbert.

A highly recommended journal.

874. Daily Summaries from the National Cancer Institute 2nd National AIDS Malignancy Conference, April 6-8, 1998, Bethesda, MD. 1998. Healthcare Communications Group, 221 East Main St., Milford, MA 01757. 59p. (Clinical Care Options for HIV) Free or online at http://www.healthcg.com/hiv. (Descriptors: Cancer; Kaposi's Sarcoma)

This publication contains daily summaries that were written each day by expert authors focusing on the clinical implications of the material presented. The 25 papers are listed under 6 broad categories: "Epidemiology of AIDS-Related Malignancies," "Treatment of Kaposi's Sarcoma," "Treatment of AIDS-Related Lymphoma," "The Role of EBV," "HHV8/KSHV and AIDS-Related Malignancies," and "Other Issues." The excellent summaries include additional references. Highly recommended for all medical libraries.

875. NNRTIs: A Class Whose Time Has Come: A Summary of Important Findings on Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs) from the 12th World AIDS Conference, June 28-July 3, 1998, Geneva. Switzerland, by Joseph Eron, William R. Bishai. 1998. Healthcare Communications Group/Medical Education Collaborative, 1800 Jackson St., Ste. 200, Golden, CO 80401. 15p. (Clinical Care Options for HIV Treatment Issues, August, 1998) Free or online at http://www.healthcg.com. (Descriptors: Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors)

This continuing education course is intended for "front line primary care physicians, specialists and Pharmacists, as well as generalists in these professions, who have an understanding of HIV/AIDS. One of the objectives is to provide participants with the knowledge to discuss issues of adherence, tolerability and drug interactions related to treatment with efavirenz. A highly recommended publication for individuals and for medical libraries.

876. Cytomegalovirus (CMV): Retinitis, Prophylaxis, and Treatment, by Charles van der Horst. 1997. Healthcare Communications Group/Medical Education Collaborative, 1800 Jackson St, Ste 200, Golden, CO 80401. 35p., illus., bibliog. (Clinical Care Options for HIV Continuum of Care Series, no.4, December, 1997) Free or on line at http://www.healthcg.com. (Descriptors: Cytomegalovirus)

This continuing education course is intended "for front line, primary care physicians, ophthalmologists, pharmacists, advanced nurse clinicians and nurse practitioners, as well as generalists in these professions, who have a basic understanding of HIV/AIDS." From this self-study course participants will be able to identify the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and natural history of CMV disease; summarize evaluation guidelines, including funduscopic examination; describe new methods for the identification of patients at greatest risk for developing retinitis; list current and possible future prophylactic regimens for CMV end-organ disease; and discuss appropriate treatment protocols, expected clinical outcomes and possible adverse effects. A highly recommended publication for individuals and for medical libraries.

877. Clinical Care Options for HIV, v.3, No.4, Spring, 1998; v.4, no.2, June, 1998; v.4, no.3, October, 1998. Healthcare Communications Group, 21755 Ventura Blvd., Ste. 193, Woodland Hills, CA 91364. Free or available online at http://www.healthcg.com. (Descriptors: Clinical Care)

The Spring, 1998 issue contains: "Short Course Preventive Therapy for Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Patients," by Richard E. Chaisson, William R. Bishai; "Hydroxyurea: New Studies and Important Questions," by Mark Katz; "The Role of Myeloid Growth Factors in HIV Disease in the Era of HAART," by Ronald T. Mitsuyasu; "Truncal Obesity, 'Crix-Belly': Is It What It Appears to be...or Something Else?," by Donald Kotler; and "Viral Load Assays: Finding the Needle in the Haystack," by David Wohl.

The June, 1998 issue contains: "The Changing Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the 'HAART' Era: Clinical Implications," by Richard E. Chaisson; "Antiretroviral Therapy Resistance," by John Mellors, Daniel Kuritzkes; "Hepatitis and HIV," by Douglas Dieterich; and "Treatment to Prevent Transmission," by Joseph Eron, Jr., Howard Minkoff. A highly recommended publication for frontline HIV health care professionals and medical libraries.

The October, 1998 issue contains: "Update on Lipid Abnormalities and Cardiovascular Complications in HIV Infection," by Donald P. Kotler; "New Perspectives on Viral Load Monitoring of Antiretroviral Therapy," by William E. O'Brien; "News from the Resistance Front," by Daniel Kuritzkes; and "A Study of Internet Use by Physicians Treating HIV Patients," by Jeffrey L. Drezner.

878. Angels in Our Midst, photographs and text by Mary Fisher. 1997. Moyer Bell, Kymbolde Way, Wakefield, RI 02879. 159p., illus. ISBN 1-55921-218-7. $24.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects)

This is a very moving book that documents with photographs and text the everyday life of our caregivers. "But for pure human power, no set of people are as extraordinary as the caregivers who come, most of them unpaid, to help us manage our lives when life itself grows fragile and fearful." The caregivers that are depicted in this book are those caregivers who have worked with people with AIDS. These people are heroes in the eyes of Mary Fisher. She has captured the love and compassion of people who know that the people they are working with may never live another day. In her words: "They are, collectively, an almost entirely invisible arm of compassion."

Her photographs were taken at Connor's Nursery in West Palm Beach, FL; an unnamed nursery at the women's prison on Riker's Island; an AIDS clinic in Birmingham, AL; and Rosie's Place, a home in Boston for women in need, to name only a few. There are no other words to describe this book other than moving. It is a must book for anyone to pick up and thumb through, stop and read, and reflect on our fragile life. Highly recommended for all libraries.

879. Pocket Book of Infectious Disease Therapy, 9th edition by John G. Bartlett. 1998. Williams & Wilkins, 351 West Camden St., Baltimore, MD 21201-2436. 357p., index. ISBN 0-683-30632-4. price unavailable (Descriptors: Disease Therapy; Infectious Diseases)

This annually revised handbook began in 1990. Its goals are: "to provide standards of care for the management of infectious disease with particular emphasis on antimicrobial agents, their selection, dosing regimens, costs, and side effects." It uses recommendations from such sources as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics, the American Hospital Formulary Service, and the AMA Drug Evaluations. This 9th edition has had extensive changes: tabular material has been updated to account for newly approved antibiotics (grepafloxacin, trovafloxacin, AmBisome, Fortorase) and new recommendations for management. "This edition includes the new DHHS guidelines for antiretroviral therapy in adults, new AHA guidelines for prevention of endocarditis, and 1997-98 IDSA guidelines for management of fever with neutropenia, community acquired pneumonia, and pharyngitis, NIH Consensus Conference on H. Pylori, and the 1998 CDC guidelines for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases.

It is arranged in 4 broad sections: Antimicrobial Agents, Preventive Treatment, Nonbacterial Infections, and Specific Types of Infections. Under the last section there is an excellent overview of HIV/AIDS giving natural history, AIDS surveillance case definition, prevention of opportunistic infections, antiretroviral therapy, and management of complications of HIV. The text for the handbook is brief with the use of many charts and tables as the preferred method for communication. The only drawback is that the binding is so tight that it is impossible to keep the book open at any one place without breaking the binding. Nevertheless, this is a highly recommended book for all medical libraries and for physicians and other care providers who manage adult patients with infectious diseases, including internists, generalists, surgeons, obstetricians, gynecologists, medical subspecialists, and surgical subspecialists.

880. High-Risk Sexual Behavior: Interventions with Vulnerable Populations, by Evvie Becker, Elizabeth Rankin, Annette U. Rickel. 1998. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013. 168p., bibliog., index. (Prevention in Practice Library). ISBN 0-306-45857-8, 0-306-45858-6pbk. $39.50, $22.50pbk. (Descriptors: Risky Sexual Behavior; High-Risk Sexual Behavior; Prevention; Intervention)

This book is intended to "describe how sexual behavior puts individuals at risk for a myriad of negative consequences, from sexually transmitted diseases, such as AIDS, to unwanted pregnancy." The consequences of these behaviors include fiscal burden of health care costs, teen pregnancy, lack of education, poverty, and intergenerational transmission of this downward spiral. Chapter 1: "What's at Stake: Consequences of Risky Sexual Behavior," describes the negative consequences of high-risk sexual behavior. HIV infection and AIDS are discussed as well as other less dangerous STDs and the consequences of unwanted pregnancy beyond the teen years are noted. Chapter 2: "Factors that Influence Sexual Behavior: Causes, Mediators, and Moderators of High-Risk Sexual Behavior," describes some of the mediators and moderators of high-risk sexual behavior, "including psychological factors, use of alcohol and other drugs, risk awareness, poverty, and a history of childhood maltreatment."

Chapter 3: "Models of Prevention," includes discussions of general theoretical models of how humans change behavior, as well as specific models for changing high-risk sexual behavior. Chapter 4: "Guidelines for Prevention, I: Ethnicity and Social Class Considerations; chapter 5: "Guidelines for Intervention, II: Women," and chapter 6: "Guidelines for Intervention, III: Gay Men and Bisexuals," all review the literature on ethnicity, social class, women, gay men, and bisexuals. Guidelines are recommended. Among the topics that are discussed are alcohol and other drug use, rape, child abuse, abortion, transmission of HIV from mother to child, gay men with AIDS and their partners, and grief and loss.

This is a well documented book that is easy to read, providing a wealth of information that will help researchers in dealing with high-risk sexual behavior. The authors imagine a world according to B. F. Skinner where all individuals "are adequately clothed, fed, cared for, respected, able to make important choices, able to grow, able to learn, and able to love." A recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.

881. Coyote Medicine: Lessons from Native American Healing, by Lewis Mehl-Madrona. 1997. Fireside/ Simon & Schuster, 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 299p., index. ISBN 0-684-80271-6. $13.00. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine; Indians of North America; Coyote Medicine)

Coyote medicine is the medicine of past cultures and includes not only the traditional medicine that is taught in school but also what we call religion and magic. "In the ancient world, medicine, religion, and magic were not separate; in our world, they have fallen apart, which is our loss." With the high cost of technology and drug treatments, the author advocates that we should be looking at Coyote Medicine as another way of treating our ailments. It "should be taught in medical schools, practiced in clinics, and brought to all those who seek true health."

This is an interesting book to read in order to understand some of the "religion and magic" of the past. One chapter covers AIDS: "AIDS and the Spirit of an Illness." The book is a running narrative that describes the true story of a medical doctor who learned the discovery, understanding, and application of Native American healing techniques. Mehl-Madrona examines the role of spirituality in health and culminates in a revolutionary alternative to conventional medicine. He states that the spiritual and physical health are undeniably interconnected. He truly believes in the holistic outlook when treating an individual. This is a recommended book for any library that collects material on alternative medicine.

882. Singing Bird Will Come: An AIDS Journal, by John Richard Noonan, edited by Mary Rose Noonan. 1997. Canticle Press, 385 Watervliet-Shaker Road, Latham, NY 12110. 132p., illus. ISBN 0-9641725-4-2. $10.95. (Descriptors: Patients; Biography; Health)

This very moving book is a daily journal that John Richard Noonan maintained in which he "describes simply and directly his reaction to living and dying with AIDS: his physical deterioration and mental anguish, his successes and failures in connecting with family and friends, his moments of grace and his times of near despair, and the emotional and spiritual suffering that accompanied his search for peace." This is a story of joy and heartache, laughter and tears, victory and defeat, pain and hope. Being a psychologist he reflects on the insights into the private and public events of the AIDS world. This is a must book for all to read, but it will cause emotions to swell up inside you. His final entry says: "I have thought often before now and have perhaps written in these pages that I am humbled to have been part of this family and, particularly, the son of this woman. It is she who taught me that my life is a gift, my happiness a choice, and that always, no matter what, love heals. To you who have loved me longer and harder than anyone, dear Mother, to you, all my love." Recommended for all libraries.

883. Glutathione: The Ultimate Antioxidant, by Alan H. Pressman. 1997. St. Martin's Press, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010. 228p., index. ISBN 0-312-96432-3. $5.99. (Descriptors: Glutathione)

"The foot soldiers in the battle against toxins are antioxidant molecules in your cells called glutathione." Glutathione has been found to protect individuals from cancer, heart disease, and, in the case of AIDS, it has been found that patients with a lowered glutathione level may have a faltering immune system. This small paperback book explains how to use glutathione and its partners to protect and improve your health. The 9 chapters cover: "Amino Acids, Glutathione, and Optimal Health," "Glutathione and Liver Detoxification," "Glutathione and Environmental Illness," "Glutathione and Cancer Prevention," "Glutathione and Aging," "Glutathione and Your Immune System," "Glutathione and Your Eyes," "Glutathione and Other Ailments," and "Eating Your Glutathione." This is an easy to read book that should be of interest to everyone. Some of the foods that are high in glutathione content include acorn squash, asparagus, avocado, grapefruit, orange, potato, strawberries, tomato, and watermelon. Some tasty recipes are included. A recommended book for personal purchase and for public libraries. Libraries serving nutritionists, also, should have this book.

884. Starting with NRTIs: The Cornerstone of Successful Antiretroviral Combination Therapy, by National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA). 1998. NAPWA, 1413 K St. NW, Washington, DC 20005-3442. 20p. Free for the asking. (Descriptors: Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs)

This small brochure was developed to highlight recent data on NRTIs, the foundation of combination antiretroviral therapies. NRTIs have been proven effective in slowing HIV replication, delaying the onset of opportunistic infections, resulting in prolonged survival. There are currently several approved NRTIs, including didanosine (ddI or Videx), lamivudine (3TC or Epivir), stavudine (drT or Zerit), zalcitabine (ddC or Hivid) and zidovudine (AZT or Retrovir). The brochure explains how the NRTIs work and outlines the various drug combinations and how they affect the viral load. A highly recommended brochure for everyone to read.

885. Dictionary of Natural Healing, by Deborah R. Mitchell. 1998. St Martin's Press, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY. 259p., bibliog. ISBN 0-312-96516-8. $5.99. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine; Natural Healing)

This small paperback provides, in dictionary format, information on natural medicine or healing. As with any alternative medicines, one should consult with a physician before embarking into this realm. The dictionary is intended to provide the most up-to-date information available concerning natural healing which is "those techniques, remedies, or terms that complement the practice of conventional medicine." Beginning with acidophilus--"a form of bacteria that can help protect against some yeast infections, facilitate digestion of milk products, prevent indigestion, help fight gastrointestinal cancer, restore a healthy bacterial environment in the intestines, and help control cholesterol levels." to zinc--"an essential mineral that plays a critical role in metabolic processes, synthesis of DNA and RNA, normal growth and development, and cell reproduction." Other entries include Allium cepa, astragalus, bioenergetics, chi gong, dream therapy, energy therapies, fold and hold, ginseng, humor therapy, ignatia, lemon balm, mistletoe, nettle, oxygen therapy, prayer, st. John's wort, touch for health, witch hazel, yoga, and zen therapy. A fascinating book that is recommended for all personal libraries. Would be a useful reference source in academic, public, and medical libraries but its small size may be a problem.

886. Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS: Final Report, prepared by John Fisher, Ralf Jurgens, Anne Vassal, Robert Hughes for the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and Canadian AIDS Society. 1998. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, C.P. les Atriums 32018, Montreal, Quebec H2L 4Y5. 132p., bibliog. ISBN 1-896735-12-6. Contact publisher for pricing or access their website at www.aidslaw.ca . (Descriptors: Legal Issues)

This report was prepared for the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and the Canadian AIDS Society who carried out the Joint Project on Legal and Ethical Issues Raised by HIV/AIDS. The overall outcome of the project can be summed up by the following paragraph from the summary: "The individuals and organizations consulted suggested that the Joint Project document how, historically, gay men and lesbians have suffered persistent patterns of discrimination and persecution, and how the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been accompanied by a second epidemic of stigma and discrimination; document how pervasive discrimination against gay men and lesbians remains in the law; show how discrimination impacts on the lives of gay men and lesbians and, in the context of HIV/AIDS, on efforts to prevent the spread of HIV and to care for those living with HIV/AIDS; and make recommendations for legislators, policymakers, and others concerned about how discrimination against gay men and lesbians could be decreased, and prevention and care efforts in the area of HIV/AIDS improved." Although the findings of this project were for Canada, they can be compared to other parts of the world where discrimination of gays and lesbians is still present, resulting in discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS. We only have to surf the internet or observe the hateful attacks from Reverend Phelps to see this discrimination.

After an introduction the report provides background information on the history of discrimination, the advent of AIDS, and the efforts of human rights and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This is followed by a long section on "Gay Men, Lesbians, and the Law" that covers criminal law, censorship, protection from discrimination, same-sex benefits, children and parenting, immigration, and incapacity, wills, and estate litigation. The final section then offers the results of the project in the form of "The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination." The last sentence of this section states: "Fifteen years after the first case of AIDS was reported in Canada, it is no longer a question of what is required. It is a question of the will to do what is required." How true for the rest of the world!!

There are 47 recommendations. These recommendations try to address the underlying problems that cause vulnerability to HIV. "Some require only minor changes in laws. Other require changes in attitudes that can only be achieved in the longer term. They all require a commitment to fight HIV/AIDS, rather than the people most affected by it and their behaviours, and to fight bigotry and prejudice in society. They are not directed at giving gay men and lesbians special rights. Rather, they recognize that discrimination, although it has diminished and although certain rights have been extended to gay men and lesbians, remains pervasive and that gay men and lesbians deserve to be treated with equal respect, as a matter of justice and, in the context of HIV/AIDS, because this would help reduce the spread of HIV and allow us to better care for those living with HIV/AIDS." If only every country in the world would accept the above statement, we would have a world that is free of hate and discrimination. This is a highly recommended report for all libraries in all parts of the world. It can be used as a building block to bring about change so that we truly do fight HIV/AIDS and not the individuals who happen to be infected.

887. Vanitas: A Novel, by Joseph Olshan. 1998. Simon & Schuster, Rockefeller Center, 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 271p. ISBN 0-684-83396-4. $23.00. (Descriptors: Fiction)

Joseph Olshan is an award-winning author of five novels. One, Clara's Heart became a movie starring Whoopi Goldberg. His award-winning style has produced Vanitas. It is the story of how Sam Cardamon tries to write the memoirs of an art dealer who has died of AIDS. The art dealer has withheld some critical information about his life that Joseph must try to discover after the art dealer has died. He discovers that one of the art dealer's paintings, Vanitas, holds the clue: "the story of a once tragic love affair, what happened to the artist who created the drawing, and the events surrounding a falsely authenticated 19th-century French painting that nearly destroyed the art dealer's career." This is a fascinating story that results in one not wanting to lay the book down until the last page is reached. Recommended for all libraries.


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