This website at http://www.arts.uwa.edu.au/Europe anWWW/AIDS/ has been produced by researchers at the University of Western Australia. It provides: an introduction on the "Emergence of AIDS," a link to Mots Pluriels' special issue on AIDS (an online multidisciplinary journal), reading list of texts (narratives and critical essays) mainly in English and French and to a lesser extent Italian and Portuguese, links to other Websites on AIDS, and a list of films on the topic. This is a recommended website for any AIDS researcher.
933. Guide to Influential Literary Texts of HIV/AIDS Literature, UWA, 1998, edited by Helene Jaccomard. University of Western Australia, School of European Languages, Department of French Studies, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia 6907. ISBN 0-86422-905-4. Website.
This website at http://www.arts.uwa.edu.au/AIDS/Guide/, also, produced by researchers at the University of Western Australia provides an anthology in English of literary texts dealing with HIV/AIDS from five continents. It encompasses 38 authors from France, USA, Great Britain, Australia, Africa, Japan, and Italy. An introduction examines AIDS as a literary topic and explains the choice of the books that are included. Each book is studied according to its plot, characters, significance, and style with a short bio-bibliography on the author. When possible, an extract in the original language has been attached. This is an interesting website that provides an insight into the literary aspects of various literary texts that involve HIV/AIDS. A highly recommended website.
934. Sexually Transmitted Infections and AIDS in the Tropics, edited by O. P. Arya, C. A. Hart. 1998. CABI Publishing/CAB International, 10 E 40th St., Ste 3203, New York, NY 10016. 438p., illus., 141 color illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-85199-262-5. $110.00. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Tropics; Tropical Medicine; Epidemiology; Prevention and Control)
Sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S., commonly called STDs) are a major health problem throughout the world and have a definite link with HIV infection. STDs have reached epidemic proportions in the developing countries of the world. It is critical that "efforts must continue to be made to strengthen the infrastructure and improve and expand appropriate diagnostic and treatment facilities at the primary health care level" if STDs, including HIV/AIDS, are ever to be brought under control. This book contains articles written by worldwide experts "working in, or with experience of, the tropical countries, providing authoritative, clear, concise and up-to-date knowledge and understanding on all aspects of STI."
The first part, "Epidemiology and Basic Considerations," covers "Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections and AIDS in Developing Countries," "Anatomy of the Genitalia and Other Organs," "Immunity and the Genital Tract," "History Taking, Examination of Patient, Collection of Specimens and Common Presenting Symptoms," and "Laboratory Aspects." The second part, "Infections and Microorganisms" covers such topics as HIV infection and AIDS, HIV infection in pregnancy and children, herpes simplex virus infection, anogenital warts, molluscum contagiosum, and viral hepatitis. It, also, covers the bacterial infections of syphilis, endemic treponematoses, chancroid, gonorrhoea, chlamydial, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, and bacterial vaginosis; fungal infections, including candidiasis; and protozoal and arthropod infections of trichomoniasis, scabies, and pediculosis. The last part, "Problem-Oriented Approach, Special Topics and Control Aspects," delves into the management of STIs, control, and vaccination.
Although the material is highly clinical and somewhat technical, it is still understandable by the educated layperson. There is a wealth of information included that will be of great interest to anyone conducting research on sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. This is a highly recommended book for all medical and academic libraries and for the personal libraries of those doing STD and HIV/AIDS research.
935. Against Death: The Practice of Living with AIDS, by Robert M. Ariss. 1997. Gordon and Breach/ Overseas Publishers Assoc., PO Box 200029 Riverfron Plaza Station, Newark, NJ 07102-0301. 219p., bibliog., index. (Theory and Practice in Medical Anthropology and International Health, v.5). ISBN 90-5699-563-4, 90-5699-564-2pbk. $49.00, $22.00pbk. (Descriptors: Patients; Australia; Treatment)
This book is based on Robert M. Ariss' doctoral thesis, Against Death: The Sydney Gay Community Responds to AIDS, Department of Anthropology, University of Sydney, 1992. On May 9, 1994, Dr. Ariss died from AIDS-related complications, having all but completed the final draft of the book. Gary W. Dowsett finished editing the manuscript. The book "is a critical work, engaging experience through the rigorous deployment of social theory." It provides a significant analysis of the central period of Australia's experience with the HIV pandemic. Dr. Ariss was very active in the Sydney gay community, being "keenly aware of the pitfalls of activism, the experiences that sharpen perception, the passions that cloud judgment, the courage of collective struggle."
The first part provides "The Anthropology of AIDS" including the governing of AIDS, the interventionist state, and biomedicine and homosexuality. The second part, "The Tactics of Health and Illness," delves into the social process of HIV-antibody testing, managing an HIV-antibody positive status, the aspects of medical "Creole," alternative therapies for treating HIV, and reinventing death. The last part, "Discursive Strategies of Resistance," looks at the genealogy of a new identity--People Living With AIDS, Inc.," the emergence of a new treatment activism, therapeutic truth games, and anger as an emotional expression as strategic intent.
This is an excellent, thought-provoking book that looks at a snapshot in the history of AIDS in Australia. It provides some insights on how government and science have responded to the activists. For those doing research in the social aspects of AIDS, this is an important book to be read. It is unfortunate that Dr. Ariss cannot be with us today to see what changes have taken place since he wrote his dissertation. A recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.
936. AIDS Dictionary, by Sarah Barbara Watstein, with Karen Chandler. 1998. Facts on File, 11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001. 340p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8160-3149-5, 0-8160-3754-Xpbk. $45.00, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Dictionaries)
Numerous books continue to be published on all aspects of HIV/AIDS. Some are technical, some are for the layperson, and some are for young people. All of these books contain terms that are not too familiar to those outside the HIV/AIDS research community. Researchers recognize this fact and have tried to include brief glossaries in books that they publish, but there has not been a good, fairly comprehensive, up-to-date dictionary that defines the various terms and phrases that are associated with HIV/AIDS. The AIDS Dictionary contains more than 3,000 entries with definitions that are free of moralizing, stigmatizing, and euphemism. It covers the basic biological and medical aspects of HIV/AIDS, as well as those terms that are associated with the financial, legal, political and social aspects of this dreaded disease.
It is hoped that those who use this dictionary will become better informed citizens who will not be quick to point their fingers at certain groups who are at high risk. The definitions are short to long and every effort was made to make sure that they were accurate, up-to-date, and readable at all levels. There is an appendix that provides a snapshot of the global epidemic as of 1996 with estimates of new HIV infections, number of people living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS associated deaths, cumulative HIV infections, cumulative AIDS cases, and cumulative HIV/AIDS deaths. This appendix, also, provides a table of countries with 1,000 or more AIDS cases reported as of 6/30/97 and the estimated incidence of infection in the United States. Another appendix provides selected resources for practitioners, researchers, and persons with HIV/AIDS, including telephone listings of associations and organizations, AIDS education and training centers, and payment assistance programs; and websites.
This is a highly recommended book that should be available in all libraries from school to public to academic to research and medical.
937. Impact of AIDS: Psychological and Social Aspects of HIV Infection, edited by Jose Catalan, Lorraine Sherr, Barbara Hedge. 1997. Harwood Academic Publishers/Overseas Publishers Association, PO Box 200029 Riverfront Plaza Station, Newark, NJ 07102-0301. 250p., bibliog., index. ISBN 90-5702-040-8, 90-5702-041-6pbk. $69.00, $28.00pbk. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects; Social Aspects)
HIV infection has brought about many changes in the psychological response over the last 15 years. "From the start of the epidemic efforts have been made to bring together the medical, psychological and social dimensions of HIV, in some ways providing a model for other medical disorders and for psychosocial interventions." Researchers have looked into all areas of the psychological aspects of HIV infection and have presented papers at numerous conferences throughout the world. This book highlights the major themes of papers that have been presented at the AIDS Impact Conferences in Amsterdam, 1991, and Brighton, 1994.
The first group of papers cover prevention with papers looking at condom use in heterosexual sex, initiating and maintaining safer sex, peer education, HIV/AIDS education in the workplace, and ten years of AIDS images in the Puerto Rican Press. The next group of papers targets drugs with papers discussing drug injecting and the spread of HIV, network and sociohistorical approaches to the HIV epidemic among drug injectors, and amphetamine injecting women and their primary partners. The papers on gender issues include the impact of HIV on women in developing countries, caregiving, children born to mothers with HIV/AIDS, young women and HIV, and HIV testing. The last group of papers is concerned with care and treatment: bridging the gap between science and AIDS service provision, nurse counselling, family system approach for community health nursing, HIV infection in the brain, ethical dilemmas for psychiatrists, and HIV infection in psychiatric inpatients.
These are well presented papers that should provide a basis for further study. Although these are pre-1997 papers, they are still important for researchers to read and study. Recommended for all medical and academic libraries.
938. Women, Drug Use, and HIV Infection, edited by Sally J. Stevens, Stephanie Tortu, Susan L. Coyle. 1998. Haworth Medical Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 237p., bibliog., index. (Women and Health, v. 27, nos. 1/2, 1998). ISBN 0-7890-0351-1, 0-7890-0527-1pbk. $49.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Women; Risk Factors; Drug Use; Health Risk Assessment)
"This volume brings together empirical findings from a multisite program of research on HIV infection among out-of-treatment drug users, sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)." It highlights factors related to HIV infection among women, including drug injection, smoking crack cocaine, or are sex partners with individuals who use these drugs. The overview provides two papers: "Women's Drug Use and HIV Risk: Findings from NIDA's Cooperative Agreement for Community-Based Outreach/Intervention Research Program" and "Women Drug Users and HIV Prevention: Overview of Findings and Research Needs." The next section, "HIV Risk Behavior Change of Female Drug Users," has two papers: "HIV Sex and Drug Risk Behavior and Behavior Change in a National Sample of Injection Drug and Crack Cocaine Using Women" and "Effectiveness of HIV Interventions Among Women Drug Users." The "Single Site Descriptions" section, also, has two papers: "AIDS Risk Perception Among Women Drug Users in Hartford, CT" and Sex Partners of Alaskan Drug Users: HIV Transmission Between White Men and Alaska Native Women."
The section on "Contextual Variables in Women's HIV Risk Behaviors" has 4 papers: "A Comparison of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Women Drug Users from Two Cities in a Rural State," "Social Inferences: Living Arrangements of Drug Using Women at Risk for HIV Infection," "Differences in Condom Behaviors and Beliefs Among Female Drug Users Recruited from Two Cities," and "Violence and HIV Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Partners of Male Drug Users." The paper, "Urban Crack Users: Gender Differences in Drug Use, HIV Risk and Health Status" appears as part of the section on "Gender Differences in HIV Risk Behavior and Health Status of Drug Users." The last section, "A Unique Population of Women at Risk: Women Who Trade Sex for Money and Drugs," contains two papers: "Predictors of HIV Infection Among Women Drug Users in New York and Miami" and "Streets, Drugs, and Economy of Sex in the Age of AIDS."
This is an excellent book that is recommended for all medical and academic libraries. Research dealing with women and HIV/AIDS has not been high on the agenda of researchers. This book, therefore, is very important and provides an insight to the problems of women, drugs, and HIV/AIDS.
939. Treating the Psychological Consequences of HIV, edited by Michael F. O'Connor, Irvin D. Yalom. 1997. Jossey-Bass, 350 Sansome St., San Francisco, CA 94104. 361p., bibliog., index. (Jossey-Bass Library of Current Clinical Technique). ISBN 0-7879-0314-0. $28.95. (Descriptors: HIV Infections; Psychological Aspects)
The psychological consequences of HIV are ever growing, even with the rapid advances in treatments. Although the disease can be somewhat controlled, the stress put upon those who are HIV positive is very real as is the stress on those who work with, live with, and love the ones who are HIV positive. "For that reason, the uninfected, the families and friends, the caregivers, and the worried well, as well as those infected, are the focus" for this well written book. The contributors have provided the important facts about being HIV positive and related their own human experiences with the disease.
The ten chapters cover: "Transference and Countertransference," "Disease, Disease Course, and Psychiatric Manifestations of HIV," "Treating Pediatric and Adolescent HIV," "Treating Gay Men with HIV," "Treating Ethnic Minority Individuals," "Treating HIV-Positive Women," "Treating Couples and Families with HIV," "Treating HIV in Dual Diagnosis Patients," "Legal and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of HIV," and "Selected List of Medications Used in HIV and Their Mental Health Consequences." Although this is a 1997 publication, all but the last chapter on medications have information that is well worth considering when doing research that is concerned with the psychological consequences of HIV. A recommended book for all medical and academic libraries.
940. New International Directions in HIV Prevention for Gay and Bisexual Men, edited by Michael T. Wright, B. R. Simon Rosser, Onno de Zwart. 1998. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 166p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, v.10, no.3/4, 1998). ISBN 0-7890-0538-7, 1-56023-116-5pbk. $49.95, $22.95pbk. (Descriptors: Gay Men; Sexual Behavior; Bisexual Men; Prevention; Social Aspects)
"There is broad consensus within the HIV/AIDS prevention community that new models are needed to address the challenges faced by prevention work at this stage in the epidemic." The papers that are presented in this book are the result of presentations in 1996 at symposia sponsored by the Deutsche AIDS-Hilfe (DAH) which is the national German AIDS organization.
The papers that were chosen are: "The Chorin Document: A Joint Statement of Recommendations for HIV Prevention Targeting Men Who Have Sex with Men," "Beyond Risk Factors: Trends in European Safer Sex Research," "Not All Men, Situations, and Actions are Equal: Moving from 100% Protection to a More Realistic Prevention Practice," "The Importance of Contextualizing Research: An Analysis of Data from the German Gay Press Surveys," "Gay Men and HIV: Community Responses and Personal Risks," "In This Together: The Limits of Prevention Based on Self-Interest and the Role of Altruism in HIV Safety," "Anal Sex and Gay Men: The Challenge of HIV and Beyond," "Imaginary Protections Against AIDS," "Desire, Cultural Dissonance, and Incentives for Remaining HIV-Negative," "Context Is Everything: Thoughts on Effective HIV Prevention and Gay Men in the United States," "The Impact of New Advances in Treatment on HIV Prevention: Implications of the XI International AIDS Conference on Future Prevention Directions," and "The Impact of New Treatments and Other Trends on HIV Prevention for Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States: Observations from the 19th National Lesbian and Gay Health Association Conference."
These are well-written papers that present important research in HIV prevention for gay and bisexual men. It is recommended for all medical and academic libraries.
941. Beneath the Equator: Cultures of Desire, Male Homosexuality, and Emerging Gay Communities in Brazil, by Richard Parker. 1998. Routledge, 29 West 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 276p., illus., bibliog. ISBN 0-415-91619-4, 0-415-91620-8pbk. $75.00, $19.90pbk. (Descriptors: Brazil; Social Aspects; Gay Males)
Parker has written an impressive book that looks deeply in the changing "cultures of desire" in gay communities of Brazil. He has spent many years on his research, looking deeply into all issues that surround male homosexuality in Brazil. From 1989 to 1991 his research focused on the behavioral response to HIV/AIDS in the gay communities; from 1992 to 1993 he looked at the changes that were taking place in the organization of sexual and friendship networks, subcultural universes, and sexual communities; and from 1994 to 1996 he looked at not only the gay communities but the lesbian communities. From all of his research he describes the changing shape of male homosexuality and gay life in Brazil.
The first part, "Cultures of Desire," looks at "Brazilian Homosexualities" and "Contours of the Urban Gay World." The second part, "Local Contexts/Imagined Worlds," looks at "Dependent Development," "Tale of Two Cities," "Changing Places," and "Epilogue: Globalization, Sexuality, and Identity." An appendix provides an excellent list of gay rights and AIDS-service organizations in Brazil. This is a highly recommended book for anyone doing cultural research as it relates to HIV/AIDS. Parker has a unique talent of writing in such a way that you enjoy reading the book, even though it can become quite complicated in its discussion of the various topics. Recommended for all academic libraries.
942. Treasuring the Gift: How to Handle God's Gift of Sex: Sexual Health Learning Activities for Religious Youth Groups, by Mizzeck Banda, Albert Canteen, Holo Hachonda, Andrew Hobbs, Ibrahim Iman, Lameck Kasanga, Nancy Makumba, Richard Mambwe, Percylina Mubanga, Francis Mulenga Fube, Nyambe Mwansa, Mary Simasiku, Helen Tembo, Abdullah R. Zulu. 1998? Andrew Hobbs, 8 Hapton St., Ashton, Preston PR2 2JL, United Kingdom with the Lusaka Interfaith HIV/AIDS Networking Group and the Project Concern International (Zambia). 141p., illus. Write for price or e-mail Andrew Hobbs at firstname.lastname@example.org. (Descriptors: Prevention; Education; Religious Aspects; Zambia)
"HIV prevalence in Zambia is 15% in rural areas and 25% in urban areas, some of the highest rates in the world." This book is an attempt to provide ideas for youth meetings in which participants can examine and disprove the myths that surround HIV, challenge the unhealthy attitudes, and practice life-skills. The religious groups in Zambia are spearheading this effort as is the Lusaka Interfaith HIV/AIDS Networking Group. "The book contains 18 suggestions for youth meetings, grouped under 10 topics. Each activity is supported by background notes for leaders, to enable them to give accurate information on each topic." This is one of only a handful of religious books published in the world that advocates the use of condoms to prevent STDs, including HIV/AIDS.
The 9 major ideas that are presented as ideas for youth meetings are: "Male-Female Relationships and God's Plan for Sex," "Making Good Decisions," "Communication Skills," "Positive and Negative Peer Pressure," "Recognising Dangerous Behaviour and Situations/Skills of Self-Control," "Puberty, Sex and Reproduction," "Pregnancy and Abortion," "Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV/AIDS and How to Prevent Them," and "Living Positively with HIV."
Religious groups throughout the world need to take their heads out of the sand and recognize the importance of safer sex which includes the use of condoms. This book could well be a model for all organizations. It speaks in plain language and does not try to dance around the issues. Religious practices are recognized but they provide an insight into the realities of the individuals who need to be educated. A recommended book for all academic libraries.
943. Confronting AIDS: Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic, by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. 1997. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 353p., illus., bibliog. (A World Bank Policy Research Report). ISBN 0-19-521117-0. $30.00. (Descriptors: Prevention; Government Policy; World Strategy)
It is extremely important that developing countries not ignore the HIV/AIDS epidemic. "According to UNAIDS, about 1.5 million people died from AIDS in 1996. Each day about 8,500 people, including 1,000 children, become newly infected. About 90 percent of these infections occur in developing countries, where the disease is likely to exacerbate poverty and inequality." This book is a report of World Bank researchers who were supported by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the European Commission. "This book provides information and analysis to help policy makers, development specialists, public health experts, and others who shape the public response to HIV/AIDS to design an effective strategy for confronting the epidemic." It draws on three areas of knowledge: epidemiology of HIV, public health insights into disease control, and public economics.
There 6 easily read chapters that contain much support through illustrations, graphs, tables and charts. These chapters cover: "AIDS: A Challenge for Government," "Strategic Lessons from the Epidemiology of HIV," "Efficient and Equitable Strategies for Preventing HIB/AIDS," "Coping with the Impact of AIDS," "Working Together to Confront HIV/AIDS," and "Lessons from the Past, Opportunities for the Future." One extremely useful appendix contains much statistical information, including HIV infection rates by subpopulation, indicators of socioeconomic development and government AIDS policies by stage of the epidemic, and socially marketed condom sales in developing countries, 1991-96. James D. Wolfensohn, President of the World Bank, Joao de Deus Pinheiro, member of the European Commission, and Peter Piot, Executive Director of the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS provide an excellent plea to all developing countries: "The world can overcome HIV. Given the necessary information, means, and a supportive community, individuals can and do alter their behavior to reduce the risk that they will contract and spread HIV. But there are certain actions that only governments can take, and political commitment has often been lacking. The costs of inaction are potentially enormous. Policymakers who demonstrate commitment, by working in creative ways with people most severely affected by HIV/AIDS, have a unique opportunity to contain a global epidemic and save millions of lives."
A highly recommended book for all academic and research libraries as well as the libraries that support the governments throughout the world.
944. A Queer World: The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader, edited by Martin Duberman. 1997. New York University Press, 70 Washington Square S, New York, NY, 10012. 705p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8147-1874-4, 0-8147-1875-2pbk. $65.00, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Homosexuality)
The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies (CLAGS) was formed at the City University of New York Graduate School in April, 1991. "CLAGS went through a protracted struggle to come into existence and a difficult journey of survival and growth." This anthology is intended to make available some of the more substantial fruits of its work. The first part, Mapping Identities: Gender and Sexuality," discusses whose identity and what gender. The next part, "The Terrains of History: New Stories, New Methodologies," looks at some of the more important aspects of gay history. The third part, "Mind/Body Relations: Science and Psychology," looks at genes, hormones, and the brain and psychology and sexual orientation. Part four, "Laws and Markets," looks at the legal aspects and the "homo-economics" aspects. The last part, "Sexual Policies, Sexual Politics," covers youth, aging, and AIDS.
The four presentations under AIDS are: "Randy Shilt's Miserable Failure," by Douglas Crimp; "AIDS and Adolescence," by Cindy Patton; "Women and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa," by Nellie Mathu; and "On the Need for a Gay Reconstruction of Public Health." Although the majority of the book has nothing to do with AIDS, it does give the reader an excellent overview of the complexities that are present in the world of gays and lesbians. This is a highly recommended book for all academic libraries.