AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 55

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 55-December/January, 1999/2000


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971. Medscape: HIV Clinical Management Series--December, 1998: Antiretroviral Therapy; January, 1999: The Seropositive Patient: The Initial Encounter; January, 1999: HIV Pathogenesis and Viral Markers; March, 1999: Clinical Implications of Antiretroviral Resistance; August, 1999, Hematologic Manifestations of HIV Disease.
972. Medscape: Conference Summaries--Daily Summaries from the 3rd National AIDS Malignance Conference, May 26-27, 1999, Bethesda, MD.
973. Medscape: HIV Treatment Update--July, 1999: Impact of Protease Inhibitors on the Management of HIV Infection.
974. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.11, no. 3, 4, 5, 6, June, August, October, December, 1999.
975. POZ, November and December, 1999; January and February, 2000.
976. Social Workers Speak Out on the HIV/AIDS Crisis: Voices from and to African-American Communities, by Larry M. Gant, Patricia A. Stewart, Vincent J. Lynch.
977. Fragile Circle: A Memoir, by Mark Senak.
978. AIDS Sourcebook, 2nd ed., edited by Karen Bellenir.
979. Effects of Substance Abuse Treatment on AIDS Risk Behaviors, edited by Edward Gotthell.
980. HIV-Negative Gay Man: Developing Strategies for Survival and Emotional Well-Being, edited by Steven Ball.
981. Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics, by Cathy J. Cohen.
982. Women, Families, and HIV/AIDS: A Sociological Perspective on the Epidemic in America, by Carole A. Campbell.
983. Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: A Molecular and Genetic Approach, edited by Hans D. Ochs, C. I. Edvard Smith, Jennifer M. Puck.
984. AIDS Knowledge Base: A Textbook on HIV Disease from the University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco General Hospital, 3rd edition edited by P. T. Cohen, Merle A. Sande, Paul A. Volberding.
985. AIDS Therapy, edited by Raphael Dolin, Henry Masur, Michael S. Saag.

971. Medscape: HIV Clinical Management Series. 1998-1999, v.3, December, 1998; v.1, January, 1999; v.2, January, 1999; v.13 (should be 3), March, 1999; August, 1999. Medscape, Inc., 134 W. 29th St., New York, NY 10001. http://hiv.medscape.com. Free. (Descriptors: Therapy; Antiretrovirals; Clinical Management)

These monographs published by Medscape are intended to be continuing education modules for practicing physicians and students. The first four listed in this program were made possible through an unrestricted educational grant provided by Roche Pharmaceuticals. The last one was made possible through an unrestricted educational grant provided by Ortho Biotech. All are available online at http://hiv.medscape.com.

Antiretroviral Therapy (Clinical Care Options for HIV, volume 3--December 1998), by Joel E. Gallant and Robert Murphy is intended for front line primary care physicians, pharmacists, advanced nurse clinicians and nurse practitioners, as well as generalists in these professions, who have a basic understanding of HIV/AIDS. Upon completion of this self-study course, participants will be able to: "List therapeutic options for HIV-infected patients who are treatment naive;" "Analyze therapeutic options for HIV-infected patients who are failing or intolerant of their current treatment regimen;" "Summarize therapeutic options for uninfected persons exposed to HIV;" and "Describe the expected adverse events and drug-drug interactions of the antiretroviral nucleoside analogs, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors that are licensed or available for clinical use."

Seropositive Patient: The Initial Encounter, (Clinical Care Options for HIV, v. 1, January, 1999) by Joel E. Gallant is intended for front line primary care physicians, pharmacists, advanced nurse clinicians and nurse practitioners, as well as generalists in these professions, who have a basic understanding of HIV/AIDS. Upon completion of this self-study course, participants will be able to: "Define specific areas critical to the evaluation of the intake history and physical exam of a seropositive patient;" "Describe current recommendations for initial clinical interventions and follow-up care, including immunizations, laboratory tests and radiologic exams;" "Discuss the use of CD4+ cell count values, viral load assays and physical exam findings necessary for the staging of HIV infection and initiation of prophylaxis;" and "Review a clinical case representing the diverse health care needs of the seropositive patient and plans for subsequent long-term clinical management."

HIV Pathogenesis and Viral Markers, (Clinical Care Options for HIV, v.2, January, 1999) by Daniel R. Kuritzkes is intended for front line primary care physicians, pharmacists, advanced nurse clinicians and nurse practitioners, as well as generalists in these professions, who have a basic understanding of HIV/AIDS. Upon completion of this self-study course, participants will be able to: "Review the pathogenesis of HIV infection and its relationship to disease progression and treatment;" "Describe the dynamic nature of HIV infection; the relationship between virus production and CD4+ cell depletion, and the importance of constant viral turnover in the generation of drug-resistant variants of HIV;" "Identify important virologic markers of HIV infection, including plasma HIV-I RNA levels, syncytium-inducing phenotype, and drug resistance;" and "Summarize recommendations for the appropriate use of these markers in the clinical management of HIV infection and treatment."

Clinical Implications of Antiretroviral Resistance, (Clinical Care Options for HIV, v.13, March, 1999) by Daniel R. Kuritzkes is intended for front line primary care physicians, pharmacists, advanced nurse clinicians and nurse practitioners, as well as generalists in these professions, who have a basic understanding of HIV/AIDS. On completion of this course, participants will be able to: "Identify the factors contributing to emergence of drug resistance in HIV-I;" "Describe the major drug resistance mutations for each class of drug;" "Discuss multidrug resistance in HIV-I;" "Outline the advantages and disadvantages of phenotypic and genotypic assays for drug resistance;" and "Define the role of drug resistance assays in patient management."

Hematologic Manifestations of HIV Disease, (August, 1999) by Alexandra M. Levine is intended for front line primary care physicians, pharmacists, advanced nurse clinicians and nurse practitioners, as well as generalists in these professions, who have a basic understanding of HIV/AIDS. On completion of this course, participants will be able to: "Describe the pathogenesis and epidemiology of specific hematologic abnormalities associated with HIV disease, including anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia;" "Identify diagnostic procedures for the evaluation of hematologic abnormalities, including anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia;" "Outline therapeutic interventions for the hematologic abnormalities associated with HIV disease;" and "Discuss the results and impact of recent research studies on the clinical management of hematologic toxicities associated with HIV disease."

972. Medscape Conference Summaries: Daily Summaries from the 3rd National AIDS Malignancy Conference, May 26-27, 1999, Bethesda, MD. Medscape, 134 W 29th St., New York, NY 10001. 35p., bibliog. free. Available online at http://hiv.medscape.com. (Descriptors: Cancer; Conferences)

These summaries are the Next Day Summaries written each day by expert authors focusing on the clinical implications of the materials presented at the conference. The summaries, also, are available online at http://hiv.medscape.com/conferences/malignancy3. This printed edition is provided through a grant from Ligand Pharmaceuticals.

Summaries are provided for the following papers: "Cancer-Linked Viruses: Will the List Grow?," "Viruses and Cancer: Guerilla Tactics, Therapeutic Responses," "New Insights into the Pathogenesis of Kaposi's Sarcoma," "Papillomavirus-Associated Neoplasias and HAART," "Epidemiology of AIDS-Related Cancers: Current Status," "AIDS-Related Lymphoma: What's New in the Clinic?," "Lymphoma Pathogenesis: New-Age Attempts to Solve an Age-Old Problem," "Kaposi's Sarcoma: Where Do We Go from Here?," and "Can Immune Mechanisms Control Human Malignant Disease?"

973. Medscape HIV Treatment Update: Impact of Protease Inhibitors on the Management of HIV Infection, July, 1999. Medscape, 134 W. 29th St., New York, NY 10001. 30p., bibliog. free. Available online at http://hiv.medscape.com. (Descriptors: Treatment Protocols; Protease Inhibitors; Infection)

This update provides 5 papers that constitute a continuing education course. The papers are: "Immune Recovery with HAART," by Alan L. Landay; "Impact of Protease Inhibitors on AIDS-Related Mortality," by Philip Keiser; "Impact of Protease Inhibitors on Resolution of Opportunistic Infections," by William Powderly; "Sustained CD4 Response after Virologic Failure During Protease Inhibitor Therapy," by Steven G. Deeks; and "Replicative Fitness of PI-Resistant Mutants of HIV-I," by Richard D'Aquila.

974. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.11, no. 3, 4, 5, 6, June, August, October, December, 1999, edited by Francisco S. Sy. p.373-558, illus., bibliog., index to v.11. ISSN 0899-9546. $160.00 institutions; $50.00 individuals. (Descriptors: Education; Prevention)

This journal serves as "forum devoted to the publication of original contributions that highlight existing and theoretical models of AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation. It will also cover various public health, psychosocial, ethical, and public, and public policy issues related to AIDS education and prevention."

The following articles are included in these four issues:

v.11, no. 3, June, 1999--"Lifepoint: A Case Study in Using Social Science Community Identification Data to Guide the Implementation of a Needle Exchange Program," by Anton M. Somlai, Jeffrey A. Kelly, Laura Otto-Salaj, Doug Nelson, p. 187; "An Evaluation of the Use of Drama to Communicate HIV/AIDS Information," by Thomas W. Valente, Uttara Bharath, p. 203; "Assisting Persons Living with HIV/AIDS to Return to Work: Programmatic Steps for AIDS Service Organizations," by Ronald A. Brooks, Lee E. Klosinski, p. 212; "The Importance of AIDS-Related Knowledge for Mid-Life and Older Women," by Mary Ellen Yates, Rebecca K. Stellato, Catherine B. Johannes, Nancy E. Avis, p. 224; "Amphetamine Use and Its Correlates Among Youths Living with HIV," by Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Traci Mann, Brenda Chabon, p. 232; This is My Story: A Descriptive Analysis of a Peer Education HIV/STD Risk Reduction Program for Women Living in Housing Developments," by Moher Downing, Kelly R. Knight, Karen A. Vernon, Shizue Seigel, Imani Ajaniku, Pauline S. Acosta, Lowanna Thomas, Sandy Porter, p. 243; and "Coping Among HIV Negative and HIV Positive Female Injection Drug Users," by David W. Brook, Judith S. Brook, Martin Whiteman, Josephine Roberto, Joseph R. Masci, Francis Amundsen, Jacques de Catalogne, p. 262.

v.11, no. 4, August, 1999--"HIV/AIDS Risks among Native American Drug Users," by Julie A. Baldwin, Robert T. Trotter, II, Dina Martinez, Sally J. Stevens, Debbie John, Christiane Brems, p. 279; "HIV Risk Reduction in Outpatient Drug Abuse Treatment: Individual and Geographic Differences," by Kirk M. Broome, George W. Joe, D. Dwayne Simpson, p. 293; "Physicians' Transmission Prevention Assessment and Counseling Practices with Their HIV Positive Patients," by Barbara Gerbert, Barbara Brown, Paul Volberding, Molly Cooke, Nona Caspers, Candave Love, Amy Bronstone, p. 307; "Traumatic Stress in HIV-Infected Women," by Rachel Kimerling, Karen S. Calhoun, Rex Forehand, Lisa Armistead, Edward Morse, Patricia Morse, Rebecca Clark, Leslie Clark, p. 321; "Are African American Women Worried About Getting AIDS? A Qualitative Analysis," by Gayle L. Cummings, Robynn S. Battle, Judith C. Barker, Flora M. Krasnovsky, p. 331; "The Association Between Characteristics of Dating Relationships and Condom Use Among Heterosexual Young Adults," by Diane Civic, p. 343; "Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among Health Care Workers in China," by Zunyou Wu, Guoming Qi, Yi Zeng, Roger Detels, p. 353; and "Geographical Variations in AIDS Knowledge and Attitude Among Adolescent Girls of Jamaica," by Carmen Warren, p. 364.

v.11, no. 5, October, 1999--"Coping Strategies of HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Female Injection Drug Users: A Longitudinal Study," by David W. Brook, Judith S. Brook, Linda Richter, Martin Whiteman, Pe Thet Win, Joseph R. Masci, Josephine Roberto, p. 373; "Improving Comprehension and Recall of Information for an HIV Vaccine Trial among Women at Risk for HIV: Reading Level Simplification and Inclusion of Pictures to Illustrate Key Concepts," by Debra A. Murphy, Zane H. O'Keefe, Aaron H. Kaufman, p. 389; "A Scale to Measure Attitudes about HIV-Antibody Testing: Development and Psychometric Validation," by C. Britt Boshamer, Katherine E. Bruce, p. 400; "Consensus Theory Model of AIDS/SIDA Beliefs in Four Latino Populations," by Robert T. Trotter II, Susan C. Weller, Roberta D. Baer, Lee M. Pachter, Mark Glazer, Javier E. Garcia de Alba Garcia, Robert E. Klein, p. 414; "Aspects of Motivation of a Volunteer AIDS Care Team Program," by Lynn Anne Christensen, Belinda M. Reininger, Donna L. Richter, Robert E. McKeown, Amanda Jones, p. 427; "African-American Volunteers Carrying an HIV Prevention Message: Selective Communication," by Denise McLane Davison, Glenn D. Reeder, Keshia Teverbaugh, p. 436; and "AIDS Knowledge, Condom Attitudes, and Risk-Taking Sexual Behavior of Substance-Abusing Juvenile Offenders on Probation or Parole," by Angela Robertson, Martin L. Levin, p. 450.

v.11, no. 6, December, 1999--"The Role of Family and Friend Social Support in Reducing Risk Behaviors Among HIV-Positive Gay Men," by Judy A. Kimberly, Julianne M. Serovich, p. 465; "Sexual Risk Behaviors of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths in New York City: Prevalence and Correlates," by Margaret Rosario, Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg, Joyce Hunter, Marya Gwadz, p. 476; "Developing, Implementing, and Evaluating a Condom Promotion Program Targeting Sexually Active Adolescents," by Mark Alstead, Michael Campsmith, Carolyn Swope Halley, Karen Hartfield, MPH, Gary Goldbaum, Robert W. Wood, p. 497; "What High Risk Women are Telling Us About Access to Primary and Reproductive Health Care and HIV Prevention Services," by Geraldine Oliva, Jennifer Rienks, Michelle McDermid, p. 513; "The AIDS Memorial Quilt as Preventative Education: A Developmental Analysis of the Quilt," by Christopher Stephen Knaus, Erica Weintraub Austin, p. 525; and "Oral Health Perceptions and Adherence with Dental Treatment Referrals Among Caregivers of Children with HIV," by Hillary L. Broder, Stefanie L. Russell, Evelyn Varagiannis, Susan T. Reisine, p. 541.

975. POZ, edited by Walter Armstrong. November, December, 1999, January, February, 2000. POZ, 349 W. 12th St., New York, NY 10014. Color illus. $17.97. free to those who are HIV positive. (Descriptors: Treatments; Drugs; Popular)

Articles in these four issues include:

November, 1999--"How to End the Epidemic: A Community Action Agenda with Some Blue-Sky Notions, Too," "Yes, We're Thnking Postive," "Blame It on Your Hormones," and "Both Sides Now."

December, 1999--"The AIDS Decade: The 99 Greatest Moments of the '90s," "Inside Agitator: Gary, Indiana, Takes a Psychedelic Trip Down Memory Lane with Ferd Eggan, LA's Top AIDS Policy Maker," "Happy Holidays: Structured Treatment Interruptions--Taking a Break from Your Drugs--Could Make this the Season to be Jolly," and "It's 10 O'clock--Do You Know Where Your Meds Are?"

January, 2000--"Essay, by Dick Scanlan," "Profiles: State Senator Tom Duane and five other HIVers on Making a Living," "Take This Job and Love It: Inside the 25 PWA-Friendliest Companies, Plus 21 not so Nice," and "Portrait of the Artist as a Sex Bomb: Through the Looking Glass with Painter-Performer Valerie Caris."

February, 2000--"HIV: Behind the Music," "A Star is Torn: Hollywood's Favorite Causes Lock Horns over Animal Testing," "Free Your Mind: Yoga Goes Beyond the Love-Bead Set to Ease the Pain and Stress of HIV," and "Everyday Grace: Photographer William Gedney (1932-1989) Finds Fame after Death."

976. Social Workers Speak Out on the HIV/AIDS Crisis: Voices from and to African-American Communities, by Larry M. Gant, Patricia A. Stewart, Vincent J. Lynch, Willis Green, Jr., Darrell P. Wheeler, Ednita M. Wright. 1998. Praeger/Greenwood, PO Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881-5007. 162p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-275-96093-5, 0-275-96094-3pbk. $55.00, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Work with Afro-Americans; Patients; Services for HIV-Positive Persons; Medical Social Work.)

The planning for this book began when 5 social workers met to plan the first African-American Social Work Leadership Summit on HIV/AIDS in February, 1997. The 4 African-Americans and 1 Caucasian document their experiences in planning this summit. The unique aspect of this book is that it is written by African-American social workers who speak out in their multiple roles.

The 8 chapters cover: "HIV/AIDS and African Americans: Assumptions, Myths, and Realities," "Social Work Practice with African Americans with HIV/AIDS: Challenges to Mind, Body, and Spirit," "Strategies for Effective Intervention with African Americans," "The Challenges of An AIDS Service Organization Executive in Harlem," "When Silence Equals Death: Advocacy and Policy Perspectives in AIDS and African Americans," "Community-Based Evaluation of HIV/AIDS Services for African Americans," "Report from the Washington Summit on Social Work Leadership and AIDS in African-American Communities," and "Where are We and Where Do We Need to Go: A Blueprint for the Future."

"In summary, in addition to providing medical, psychosocial, and public policy knowledge, it is essential to address the underlying issues of values about drugs, poverty, sex, homosexuality, fidelity in relationships, religion and spirituality, and so forth to safely penetrate the psychological barriers to involvement in the issues." Only then can we reverse the trend of the increasing incidence of AIDS in the African-American communities.

977. Fragile Circle: A Memoir, by Mark Senak. 1998. Alyson Publications, PO Box 4371, Los Angeles, CA 90078-4371. 297p. ISBN 1-55583-460-4. $13.95. (Descriptors: AIDS Activists; Biography)

This is a moving story of a lawyer who volunteered to write deathbed wills for men with AIDS during the earliest years of the epidemic. In the process he falls in love with a handsome model who is HIV positive. He has a well-known movie star confide to him that he has AIDS and asks for help in securing medical treatment without the press finding out. It is truly a fragile circle that Mark lives in but he is able to find love, honor, and courage in the constant fear and horror that surrounds those that have AIDS. This is a superb book that you will find difficulty in laying down until you have finished it. There is humor and sadness all entwined in the life of this AIDS activist who has helped so many individuals during this horrific time. Highly recommended for all libraries.

978. AIDS Sourcebook, 2nd edition edited by Karen Bellenir. 1999. Omnigraphics, Penobscot Bldg, Detroit, MI 48226. 751p., bibliography, index. (Health Reference Series). ISBN 0-7808-0225-X. $78.00. (Descriptors: Sourcebook)

The subtitle of this excellent sourcebook provides an insight to what the book includes: "Basic consumer health information about acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, featuring updated statistical data, reports on recent research and prevention initiatives, and other special topics of interest for persons living with AIDS, including new antiretroviral treatment options, strategies for combating opportunistic infections, information about clinical trials, and more; along with a glossary of important terms and resource listings for further help and information." As with the first edition, this outstanding sourcebook provides information on a wide array of topics related to HIV and AIDS.

The first part of the book provides general information about HIV and AIDS, including facts about transmission, causes, pediatric AIDS, youth and HIV/AIDS, and HIV/AIDS in older adults. The second part presents statistics and trends. The third part is the main part of the sourcebook providing information for people living with HIV/AIDS. Research and clinical trials are in the fifth part, a key area with all of the research that is currently being conducted. The last part provides a glossary, internet resources, list of national organizations, mental health services for PWAs and a list of state HIV/AIDS hotlines and prevention program coordinators.

This continues to be a highly recommended book for all libraries, legislators, elected officials, and individuals who are HIV positive. There is no other book that provides as much information as this book provides. The information is up to date. All of the documents included are either updated or new to this edition.

979. Effects of Substance Abuse Treatment on AIDS Risk Behaviors, edited by Edward Gottheil. 1998. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 126p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Addictive Disease, v. 17, no. 4, 1998). ISBN 0-7890-0696-0. $39.95. (Descriptors: Prevention; Substance Abuse; Risk Factors; Safe Sex in AIDS Prevention; Health Behavior)

The seven papers in this book were presented at a 1997 meeting of the American Society for Addiction Medicine (ASAM) meeting in San Diego: "Drug Abuse Treatment as HIV Prevention: Changes in Social Drug Use Patterns Might Also Reduce Risk," "Stimulant Abuse Treatment as HIV Prevention," "AIDS Risk Behavior in Opioid Dependent Patients Treated with Community Reinforcement Approach and Relationships with Psychiatric Disorders," "Assessment of HIV Risk," "Does Intensive Outpatient Cocaine Treatment Reduce AIDS Risky Behaviors?," "Changes in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Cocaine-Using Methadone Patients." and "HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse: Epidemiology and Prevention." These are all important papers that discuss the problems we currently have in AIDS education and substance abuse. Since these papers are presenting the results of research, they can be considered springboards for further study.

A final chapter provides a "Selective Guide to Current Reference Sources on Topics Discussed in this Issue." This chapter has sections that give specific resources covering indexing and abstracting sources, current awareness publications, books, U.S. government publications, online bibliographic databases, handbooks, directories, grant sources, journal listings, audiovisual programs, guides to upcoming meetings, proceedings of meetings, specialized research centers, and special library collections.

This is a recommended book for all academic and medical libraries as well as large public libraries.

980. HIV-Negative Gay Man: Developing Strategies for Survival and Emotional Well-Being, edited by Steven Ball. 1998. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 115p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7890-0522-0, 1-56023-114-9pbk. (Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, v.8, no.1, 1998). $29.95, $12.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Psychological Aspects; Mental Health)

"Today any mental health professional who works with large numbers of gay men hears and must address the variety and complexity of emotional reactions of gay men who are HIV negative to living in a community under assault by AIDS." We have come a long way since those first frightening years when everyone who was positive, died in a short period of time. However, with all the advances we have made, gays still choose to engage in unsafe sex, especially barebacking. Unfortunately, "some men may simply place priority on quality of pleasure over longevity of life." What researchers have not investigated in depth is the true meaning of various gay male sexual activities.

The essays in this book provide "thrilling challenges for all of us who love the gay community in general and gay men specifically." We have to continue to be concerned with helping gay men remain uninfected with HIV. The seven essays are: "Coming Out in the AIDS Era: One HIV-Negative Gay Man's Story," "An AIDS Educator's Seroconversion: Education is Not Enough," "A Time Limited Group Model for HIV-Negative Gay Men," "When Seronegative Gay Male Therapists Work with Seronegative Gay Male Clients: Countertransference Issues in Time-Limited Group Psychotherapy," "The Challenge of Staying HIV-Negative for Latin American Immigrants," "Discursive Condoms in the Age of AIDS: Queer(y)ing HIV Prevention," and "New Drugs and HIV Risk Taking: Observations of Therapists Who Work with HIV-Negative Gay Men."

This is a highly recommended book for all libraries from school to research. It is especially important for adolescents who need to be constantly reminded about safer sex.

981. Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics, by Cathy J. Cohen. 1999. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637. 394p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-226-11289-6pbk. $18.00. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Afro-Americans; Health and Hygiene)

From the beginning of the AIDS crisis, ethnic minorities have been second class citizens in the politics of fighting the disease. African Americans, in particular, have not had the needed attention in AIDS education, clinical trials, and the latest in medical technology. "African Americans make up only 13 percent of the United States population, yet they account for more than half of all newly diagnosed HIV infections." Cathy Cohen recognized this. As a result it led her "to investigate fundamental relationships between power, status, and action with African-American communities." As a black academic, she took the brunt of criticism, not only from white scholars but from her own communities who "condemned the project as just another book by a black academic trashing black communities." She looked at all aspects of the problem from the social to the political. She is quick to point out that the black communities did not quickly take up the cause on AIDS education as quickly as the white communities. Black political organizations, black churches, the black press, and community leaders have sat silently for too many years. Only recently have we seen a change with the mothers in the communities beginning to take action. They are tired of seeing their young people dying a painful and stigmatizing death; tired of seeing children left alone when both parents have died of AIDS; and tired of seeing friends and family reject individuals who are trying to survive while being HIV positive. Cohen's goal is to make black gay men fight for their lives and remove the stigma that is hanging over most all of the black communities across the United States.

The ten chapters discuss the problems that are present among the black communities and point out what should be done. The chapters cover "The Boundaries of Black Politics," "Marginalization: Power, Identity, and Membership," "Enter AIDS: Context and Confrontation," "Invisible to the Centers for Disease Control," "All the Black People Fit to Print," "Conspiracies and Controversies," "Unsuspecting Women and the Dreaded Bisexual," "Willing to Serve, but Not to Lead," "Women, Children, and Funding," and "AIDS and Beyond." This is a highly recommended book for all libraries and should be required reading for all black leaders, whether they are religious, political, or social. They can no longer turn their heads from this crisis.

982. Women, Families, and HIV/AIDS: A Sociological Perspective on the Epidemic in America, by Carole A. Campbell. 1999. Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th St., New York, NY 10011-4211. 257p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-521-56211-2, 0-521-56679-7pbk. $49.95, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Women; Families)

As with African-Americans, the rise in numbers of women who are HIV positive is alarming. Women are at risk for AIDS and this book describes those risks, myths, truths, and facts. "This book, which is based on a conceptual framework combining descriptive epidemiological methods and sociological theory, offers a sociological analysis of how women's social and economic positions in relation to men affect their sexual decisions as well as their health practices." Campbell emphasizes many facts that point out why women are so vulnerable to becoming HIV positive. First, women do not have control over condom use; gender roles and gender power put women at risk because men are so overpowering; and men's behavior that is formed during adolescence increases women's risk for AIDS.

The 7 chapters cover: "Epidemiology, Risk/Transmission, and Natural History of HIV Disease in Women and Children," "Female Reproductive Health and Sexuality," "Women at Risk: Drug Use and Prostitution," "Gender, Culture, Race, and Class," "Men, Gender Roles, and Sexuality," "Women, Motherhood, and the Family," and "Women, Families, and HIV/AIDS." This is a very interesting book, providing a wealth of information about women and their risk for AIDS. Campbell has documented her book extremely well and has used in-depth interviews. More studies, such as this need to be done in order to continue to make everyone aware of how much we have neglected the health of women in general. This is a highly recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.

983. Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: A Molecular and Genetic Approach, edited by Hans D. Ochs, C. I. Edvard Smith, Jennifer M. Puck. 1999. Oxford University Press, 198 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 501p., illus. (part in color), bibliog., index. ISBN 0-19-510486-2. $139.50. (Descriptors: Immunological Deficiency Syndromes; Genetic Aspects)

Although this book is not AIDS-specific in its coverage, it is an excellent treatise on the many primary immunodeficiency diseases. This could be considered the definitive textbook on immunodeficiency diseases. "Diseases of the immune system are presented and analyzed, both in terms of their clinical features and in the context of the impressive molecular and genetic definitions which can be put forward in 1998." The specific diseases are discussed, providing discussions of clinical issues and clinical presentation, infections, genetic mutations, protein function, cell biology and management. Some of the syndromes that are covered include SCID, DiGeorge Syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome, Bloom Syndrome, and Chediak-Higashi Syndrome.

This is a highly technical book that is well documented with each chapter having hundreds of references for additional reading. "Primary immunodeficiency diseases fully meet the definition of Experiments of Nature: They provide unique examples of what the real consequences of genetic defects in humans are, thus shedding light on the physiological role of the missing gene product(s)." Much can be learned from studying these diseases, not only in efforts to correct the mistakes of nature, but to prevent them from happening in the future. A recommended book for all medical research libraries.

984. AIDS Knowledge Base: A Textbook on HIV Disease from the University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco General Hospital, 3rd edition, edited by P. T. Cohen, Merle A. Sande, Paul A. Volberding, Dennis H. Osmond, Mark B. Feinberg, Steven Deeks, Sharon Safrin, Lawrence J. Kaplan, Julie Louise Gerberding. 1999. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 227 E. Washington Square, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3780. 966p., illus. (part in color), bibliog., index. ISBN 0-316-14903-9. $125.00. (Descriptors: Textbook)

The first two editions of this respected textbook were published in 1990 and 1994. This third edition is intended "to be a comprehensive reference on the current state of knowledge about HIV disease in adults." It provides information gleaned from published research and expert opinion, presenting general discussions on each topic, including what is known about solutions to the real problems and questions encountered when confronting HIV disease. "Social, public health, economic, behavioral, legal, and political issues are inextricably woven into the fabric of the HIV epidemic. Therefore, we have again included considerable material on prevention, policy, and legal issues."

The 86 chapters are arranged within the following sections: "Epidemiology and Transmission," "Testing for HIV," "Basic Science and Pathogenesis of HIV," "Natural History, Clinical Spectrum, and General Management of HIV Disease," "Clinical Manifestations of HIV Disease,"Infections Associated with HIV Disease," "Malignancies Associated with HIV Disease," "Ethical, Legal, and Economic Issues of HIV Disease," and "Prevention and Education." This is not a book intended for the layperson, but parts of it are still written in a style that would be understandable to the layperson. Since education is the most important word in fighting AIDS, this book is highly recommended for all libraries since it provides so much information. If a library could afford only one technical book that covers all aspects of AIDS, then this is the book to purchase.

985. AIDS Therapy, edited by Raphael Dolin, Henry Masur, Michael S. Saag. 1999. Churchill Livingston, The Curtis Center, Independence Square West, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3399. 864p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-443-07592-1. $150.00. (Descriptors: Treatment; Chemotherapy; Antiviral Agents; Opportunistic Infections; Complications; Therapy)

"The treatment of patients with HIV infection and associated opportunistic infections and malignancies is an increasingly complex and fast-changing field. The editors believe that there is a need for a work which is comprehensive and up-to-date, yet presents material in a way which is practical and easy for clinicians to use." This book succeeds in meeting this goal. Whereas the textbook that was reviewed above covers the entire area of AIDS and HIV, this book delves only into the therapies for treating HIV/AIDS. The 61 chapters are arranged in 8 sections: ":Diagnosis of HIV Infection," "Antiretroviral Therapy," "Immune-Based Therapies," "Other Therapies, Including Alternative Therapies," "Strategies for Managing Antiretroviral Therapies," "Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prevention of Opportunistic Processes," "Approach to Specific Syndromes," and Drug Administration and Interactions."

The following antiretrovirals are discussed in detail: Zidovudine, Didanosine, Zalcitabine, Stavudine, Lamivudine, Nevirapine, Delavirdine, Abacavir, Efavirenz, Saquinavir, Ritonavir, Indinavir, Nelfinavir, Amprenavir, and Adefovir Dipivoxil. In addition, the last two chapters cover "Drug Administration and Interactions" and "AIDS-Related Medications." One appendix provides HIV-related internet resources and the other antiretroviral adult dosage guidelines. The comprehensiveness of this book makes it a required purchase for all medical libraries. Many physicians who treat HIV positive individuals will want their own copy.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated 2/08/2000
URL:http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/