AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No.56

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 56-February/March, 2000


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986. Nurse's Handbook of Alternative and Complementary Therapies
987. AIDS and Mental Health Practice: Clinical and Policy Issues, edited by Michael Shernoff
988. HIV Homecare Handbook, by Barbara Daigle, Kathryn E. Lasch, Christine McCluskey, Beverly Wancho
989. Atlas of Infectious Diseases, by David R. Stone, Sherwood L. Gorbach
990. Victory Deferred: How AIDS Changed Gay Life in America, by John-Manuel Andriote
991. Evolution of HIV, edited by Keith A. Crandall
992. She Came to Live Out Loud: An Inspiring Family Journey Through Illness, Loss, and Grief, by Myra MacPherson
993. Health and Human Rights: A Reader, edited by Jonathan M. Mann, Sofia Gruskin, Michael A. Grodin, George J. Annas
994. AIDS and HIV in Perspective: A Guide to Understanding the Virus and Its Consequences, 2nd edition by Barry D. Schoub
995. Construction of Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men, edited by Lynn Pardie, Tracy Luchetta
996. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Newsletter, v.4, no. 2/3, Spring, no.4, Summer, 1999; v.5, no.1, Fall/Winter, 1999
997. Sexual Wisdom: A Guide for Parents, Young Adults, Educators, and Physicians, by Richard Wetzel
998. Caring for People with HIV: A Community Perspective, by Surinder Singh, Sara Madge
999. Dry Bones Breathe: Gay Men Creating Post-AIDS Identities and Cultures, by Eric Rofes
1000. Drug Injecting and HIV Infection: Global Dimensions and Local Responses, edited by Gerry V. Stimson, Don C. Des Jarlais, Andrew L. Ball

986. Nurse's Handbook of Alternative and Complementary Therapies, edited by H. Nancy Holmes. 1999. Springhouse Corporation, 1111 Bethlehem Pike, P.O. Box 908, Springhouse, PA 19477-0908. 434p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-87434-898-6. $25.95. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine; Nurses' Instruction; Holistic Nursing; Nurse and Patient)

Nurses have long been advocates of alternative and complementary therapy, while the medical profession is only now beginning to appreciate what can be done with these therapies. This comprehensive handbook provides detailed descriptions of more than 100 commonly used alternative and complementary therapies. The book is divided into 3 parts with part one answering questions, part two discussing the impact of alternative medicine, and part three looking at the specific therapies. Some of the therapies that are described include traditional Chinese medicine, ayurvedic medicine, homeopathic medicine, biofeedback, yoga, electrical and magnetic fields, acupuncture, hydrotherapy, therapeutic touch and massage, and herbal medicines. This is an excellent resource on these therapies and one that a layperson will be able to understand. It is highly recommended for anyone who is interested in alternative medicine as a supplement to the professional medical assistance that they may now be receiving.

987. AIDS and Mental Health Practice: Clinical and Policy Issues, edited by Michael Shernoff. 1999. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 381p., bibliog., index. (Haworth Psychosocial Issues of HIV/AIDS) ISBN 0-7890-0464-X. $34.95. (Descriptors: Patients; Mental Health; Psychological Aspects; HIV-Positive Persons)

This book is meant to provide "professionals in the field and students in training with the most current practice information about mental health practice and HIV/AIDS." The contributors all have expertise in working with people with HIV and AIDS and share their knowledge about cutting-edge clinical and policy issues. Much of the information contained in this book originally appeared in Reading and Writing, published by the National Social Work AIDS Network. "All people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS have enormous and complex mental health and social service needs due to the harsh realities of HIV disease, racism, homophobia, poverty, and the every-growing diminishing social services for the neediest people in our society."

Clinical issues covered include influence of combination therapies, support groups, death, spiritual issues, dying well, and bereavement; while policy issues include identifying and confronting racism, education of social workers, AIDS education, and coming out positive. The individual papers in this collection are well written and timely. They are well documented with long lists of references. For any social worker, medical student, or counselor, this would be an excellent book to read, providing a stepping stone for further study into some of the issues that are discussed. Highly recommended for all academic and medical libraries.

988. HIV Homecare Handbook, by Barbara Daigle, Kathryn E. Lasch, Christine McCluskey, Beverly Wancho. 1999. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 40 Tall Pine Drive, Sudbury, MA 01776. 382p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7637-0703-1. $35.00. (Descriptors: Patients; Home Care; Home Nursing)

Home care for HIV and AIDS patients has changed dramatically with the introduction of protease inhibitors and combination therapy. HIV-related disease has changed from an acute disorder with a relatively sure prognosis to a chronic disease with an uncertain prognosis. "This handbook will facilitate the humane, effective, and efficient provision of home health care to HIV and AIDS patients and their families and caregivers." The contributors present years of experience and advice so that the patient and families can cope with a disease that has such erratic behavior. The 12 chapters cover: "Changes in HIV Homecare," "Evaluation and Treatment of AIDS Pain," "Nutrition-Related Issues," "Home Infusion Therapy," "Rehabilitation Options," "Family and Patient Education," "AIDS in the Family," "The Chemically Dependent Patient with HIV," "Cultural Sensitivity," "Ethical Issues in HIV and AIDS Home Health Care," "Care at the End of Life," and "Palliative Care in the Home."

The book is easy to read and intended not only for the caregiver but for the patient. The information and advice is well-founded and should be of great value to many individuals. This would be an excellent resource for public libraries but would be best used for individual use, to be picked up and read at any time.

989. Atlas of Infectious Diseases, by David R. Stone, Sherwood L. Gorbach. 2000. W.B. Saunders Co., Curtis Center, Independence Square West, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3399. 211p., illus. (most in color), bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7216-7032-6. $125.00. (Descriptors: Communicable Diseases)

This book is intended for the clinical professions and not intended for anyone who is squeamish in looking at color illustrations of how diseases affect various parts of the body. The text is minimal. The illustrations are outstanding, both in color and in black and white. The 11 chapters cover head and neck infections, pulmonary infections, endovascular infections, gastrointestinala and abdominal infections, sexually transmitted diseases, AIDS, infections of the skin and soft tissue, infections of the eye and orbit, infections of the central nervous system, mycobacterial diseases, and viral diseases. This should be an essential text for any medical library. Its method of presentation is outstanding, making it an excellent resource for any medical student or practicing physician.

990. Victory Deferred: How AIDS Changed Gay Life in America, by John-Manuel Andriote. 1999. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637. 478p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-226-02049-5. $30.00. (Descriptors: History; Gay Men; Social Aspects; Gay Liberation Movement)

This well-written book "looks at how AIDS changed gay life in America in almost every conceivable way: culturally, medically, politically, and socially." Many books have presented views and information about particular aspects of AIDS among gays, but Victory Deferred is the first to provide first-hand accounts of how AIDS has impacted on gays. This book shows how gays, once detested and spit upon, banned together in the greatest hour of need to form community projects, education, and support for their own and made the rest of the country realize that they were far better humans than many of the do-gooders that had existed up to now. "In fact, to tell the story of gay people in the AIDS epidemic is to describe variations on the very theme that reverberates throughout human history: the brave few struggling against a powerful enemy as the silent majority chooses ignorance over involvement because they don't see themselves as personally at risk."

We have come a long way in confronting this crisis, in fighting bigotry, challenging the moral majority, fighting homophobia, and gaining the needed funding to find a cure. There is still a long way to go. There are still too many Reverend Phelps, too many hate groups, too many white supremacists, too many uneducated young people, and too little funding to fight AIDS in all parts of the world. Yet, gays have managed to cope very well and Andriote has done an excellent job in telling the story that has changed our lives in ever so many ways. Yes, he scolds those who are still oblivious to having safer sex. He is quick to point the finger at gays for not continuing to do more, even though new therapies look so promising. This book is a must read for every gay who has been touched by this epidemic and should be required reading by all young teens who think they never have to fear being infected with the virus. This is a highly recommended book for all libraries. It is well-written and easily read. You will marvel at what has been accomplished in the gay communities and be shocked at what has happened to gays in all walks of life because of this horrible virus called HIV.

991. Evolution of HIV, edited by Keith A. Crandall. 1999. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 North Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218-4363. 504p., bibliog., index. ISBN0-8018-6150-0, 0-8018-6151-9pbk. $75.00, $34.95pbk. (Descriptors: Viruses; Evolution)

Since 1991, researchers have been amassing a huge HIV sequence database that is in turn used to do research on developing and effective vaccine or new drugs to combat this deadly disease. Through this database it is easier to understand the molecular biology of HIV and be able to chart its molecular evolution. The relationship between the phylogeneticist and the clinician has led to numerous collaborations, resulting in findings that are crucial for future research. "The purpose of this volume is to bring together these two groups of researchers to present articles on both the molecular biology and molecular evolution of HIV, integrating the two at every step." The target audience is both practicing HIV researchers and molecular evolutionary biologists.

The 14 chapters cover: "Molecular Biology of HIV," "Global Diversity of HIV," "Phylogenetics and the Study of HIV," "Modeling the Molecular Evolution of HIV Sequences," "Statistical Approaches to Detecting Recombination," "The Molecular Population Dynamics of HIV-1," "Use of Phylogenetic Inference to Test an HIV Transmission Hypothesis," "Coalescent Approaches to HIV Population Genetics," "Levels of Diversity within and among Host Individuals," "The Phylogenetics of Known Transmission Histories," "HIV Evolution and Disease Progression via Longitudinal Studies," "Perinatal HIV Infection," "Determinants of HIV-1 Protein Evolution," and "Evolution of HIV-1 Resistance to Antiviral Agents."

The is a highly documented books with many references that point the reader to additional information. It is an excellent book that would be highly useful in graduate seminars where molecular biology and molecular evolution are discussed. Every medical library should have a copy of this book.

992. She Came to Live Out Loud: An Inspiring Family Journey Through Illness, Loss, and Grief, by Myra MacPherson. 1999. Lisa Drew Book/Scribner, 1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 379p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-684-82264-4. $25.00. (Descriptors: Death; Psychological Aspects; Terminally Ill; Psychology; Family Relationships; Loss)

This is not a book about AIDS or HIV but rather a book about a woman called Anna and her struggle with cancer. It is a story about an unusual family's struggle with cancer where we learn how people react to illness, loss, and grief. In this respect one only needs to substitute cancer with AIDS and the same reactions to illness, loss, and grief will be seen. "This book will touch us in very different ways. For some of us, it may remind us of the struggles we have experienced or witnessed. For others, it may reaffirm, help us rediscover--or, even, discover--our own strategies and strengths as we confront illness or loss."

Those who read this book will learn how families deal with young and teenage children who have a parent who is dying; how family and friends provide caregiving support; how anger and humor sustain us; how doctors will sometimes avoid death and often ignore dying patients; and why men and women grieve differently. This is a moving book that will bring tears to your eyes, yet it will enlighten you and help you cope with this situation when it may happen to you. A recommended book for all public libraries.

993. Health and Human Rights: A Reader, edited by Jonathan M. Mann, Sofia Gruskin, Michael A. Grodin, George J. Annas. 1999. Routledge, 29 W 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 505p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-415-92101-5, 0-415-92102-3pbk. $80.00, $28.00pbk. (Descriptors: Public Health; Moral and Ethical Aspects; Human Rights; Health Aspects; Medical Policy; Human Experimentation in Medicine; Discrimination in Health Care)

Human rights and health are a constant concern throughout the world. Too often ethnic, religious, and racial issues interfere with human rights as does gender, political opinion, and immigration status, resulting in health care that really does not help those which it is suppose to help. Human rights violations exist and have to be constantly rooted out and brought to the attention of everyone. "Respect for human rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability leads to markedly better prevention and treatment." Public health and human rights deals with populations and prevention, recognizing "that discrimination and other violations of human rights directly impacts on health and well-being," and deals "directly with the underlying societal issues that largely determine who lives and who dies, when, and of what."

This book is a reader of previously published leading articles that provide a comprehensive introduction to the new and burgeoning field of human rights and health. The first part contains introductory essays on human rights and public health followed by a section that deals with the impact of health policies and programs on human rights. The next section discusses the health impacts resulting from violations of human rights, while the fourth section explores the linkage between health and human rights. The last two parts focus on medicine and humans and how to proceed from concept to action. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights; and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are included in the appendices.

This is a thought provoking book that is intended to make the reader to sit up and take action. It is intended to open the eyes of those who have turned their heads away from the issues of human rights in favor of monetary gains or political advantages. This is a must book for all academic libraries and a must-read book for all researchers who study this complex issue that is ever present throughout the world.

994. AIDS and HIV in Perspective: A Guide to Understanding the Virus and Its Consequences, 2nd ed., by Barry D. Schoub. 1999. Cambridge University Press, 40 W 20th St., New York, NY 10011-4211. 274p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-521-62150-X, 0-521-62766-4pbk. $74.95, $27.95pbk. (Descriptors: HIV Infections)

This excellent book had outstanding reviews when its first edition was published. This second edition provides up to date information on the major advances of HIV infection and its control. It uses clear language and descriptive diagrams to explain the basic biology of the HIV virus and the immune system that it so lethally undermines. The outstanding value of this book is the way it has bridged the gap between the scientific literature and the public educational materials that are now available.

The 10 chapters cover "What is AIDS and How Does It Manifest Itself?," "The AIDS Virus," "The Disease Mechanisms of HIV," "The Transmission of HIV Infection," "The Anti-AIDS Drugs," "The Quest for the HIV Vaccine," "The Ethics of AIDS," "Measuring the Dimensions of the AIDS Epidemic--AIDS Epidemiology," and "Conclusion: Outlook for the Future." This is destined to be a landmark book, written for the educated layperson, providing a wealth of information that documents the past, present, and future of the epidemic. "Perhaps from the ashes of the AIDS epidemic may arise not only a vast knowledge of how to prevent and control persistent viral infections which attack the immune system, but also a new understanding and wisdom which will confirm to humankind that morality and expediency, pragmatism and justice, and utilitarianism and compassion are mutually beneficial goals, and also that disease and health bind all with the human family." This is a highly recommended book for all libraries.

995. Construction of Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men, edited by Lynn Pardie, Tracy Luchetta. 1999. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 116p., bibliog., index. (Haworth Gay and Lesbian Studies). ISBN 0-7890-0590-5, 1-56023-942-5pbk. $29.95, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Lesbians; Public Opinion; Gay Men; Homophobia)

"This book developed out of work prepared for a symposium conducted at the 1996 Meeting of the Society for Community Research and Action, in Chicago, Illinois. Interest in the symposium and the book evolved out of shared concern regarding the need for positive transformation, at cultural and individual levels, in attitudes toward same-sex erotic relationships." The contributors feel that a deeper understanding of individual attitudes toward lesbians and gay men can be achieved by looking at the existing social and political systems for their "current ideological implications." The five papers that are presented here, include: "Relationships Between Homophobia, HIV/AIDS Stigma and HIV/AIDS Knowledge," "Contested Identity: The Law's Construction of Gay and Lesbian Subjects," "Homophobia in Academia: Examination and Critique," "Internalized Homophobia and Therapeutic Efficacy," and "Heterosexist Ideologies and Identity Development: A Transpersonal View."

These are interesting papers that provide the reader with a greater insight to the problems that gays and lesbians have in society as a whole. It reveals just how great an impact homphobia has on society. With the easy access to listservs that promote hate, gays and lesbians are even more vulnerable to discrimination, even though the laws are there but the individuals are afraid to come forward. This is a recommended book for all academic and large public libraries.

996. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Newsletter, v.4, no. 2/3, Spring, 1999; v.4, no.4, Summer, 1999; v.5, no.1, Fall/Winter, 1999. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 484 McGill St., 4th Fl, Montreal, Quebec H2Y 2H2, Canada. 117p., 80p., 56p., bibliog. ISSN 1195-5252, $12.00 per issue. (Descriptors: Legal Aspects; Policy; Canadian)

This newsletter is a summary of developments in HIV/AIDS policy and law in Canada and abroad. It strives to educate its readers about and inform them of policy and legal developments and to promote the exchange of information, ideas, and experiences. Topics covered in these 3 issues include: HIV/AIDS in Canadian Courts, Aboriginal People and HIV/AIDS, Pregnancy and HIV/AIDS, Criminal Justice, HIV/AIDS in Prisons, Employment, Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia, Blood and Blood Safety, Discrimination, and HIV Testing and Treatment of Children. This is an excellent newsletter that brings a wealth of legal and policy issues to the attention of all who read the publication. Highly recommended for all academic and law libraries.

997. Sexual Wisdom: A Guide for Parents, Young Adults, Educators, and Physicians, by Richard Wetzel. 1998. Proctor Publications, PO 2498, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. 338p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-882792-59-9. $12.95. (Descriptors: Sexual Ethics; Sex Instruction; Sexual Hygiene)

Sexual morality is a hot topic in today's society. AIDS has provided many individuals with the ammunition to fight casual sex, gay sex, premarital sex, and a host of other kinds of sex as being unnatural. Dr. Wetzel has put together a book for these people. It is definitely not a book for everyone to read and agree with. It is not a book that this reviewer can recommend because of the many statements that suggest that the only true sex is the sex between a man and woman for the purpose of love and procreation. There is the suggestion that being gay is a chosen condition and that it can be changed. Nevertheless, in the spirit of not censoring some materials, this book is included for others to read and criticize, and, maybe, to agree with.

998. Caring for People with HIV: A Community Perspective, by Surinder Singh, Sara Madge. 1998. Ashgate, Old Post Road, Brookfield, VT 05036. 204p., bibliog., index. ISBN1-85742-397-6. $59.95. (Descriptors: HIV Infections; Care; HIV-Positive Persons)

HIV has become more and more a chronic condition, resulting in a much different approach and attitude as to how we care for those who are HIV positive than when it was first diagnosed. "The thrust of this change comes from better diagnostic and monitoring tests alongside more effective combinations of anti-retroviral therapies." This book highly recommends that the care of these individuals should be shared between HIV specialists centers and community service groups. This collaboration has resulted in better education to prevent infection and better care for those who are infected. There is still much to be done and many more cooperative ventures need to take place in order to get the message to everyone in such a way that it is understood and acted upon. We still have many groups of people who are ignorant or do not want to understand the consequences of being infected. We, also, have a whole new breed of people who feel that the new drugs will take care of any infection that they may have contracted.

This is a well-written guide or small textbook that provides much advice on the caring of HIV positive individuals. The 11 chapters cover: "The History of HIV Infection and Transmission," "HIV Prevention," "The Natural History of HIV Infection," "Meeting the Needs of People with Advancing Infection," "Mental Health and HIV," "The General Practitioner and the Primary Health Care Team," "The Hospital Team," "Drugs and HIV," "Change, Uncertainty and Complex Issues in HIV and AIDS," "Palliative Care of People with HIV and AIDS," and "Death and Its Related Processes." Although there has been even more advances since this book was written, it is still recommended for public and academic libraries. It would be a good introduction to the care of HIV positive individuals for counselors and caregivers.

999. Dry Bones Breathe: Gay Men Creating Post-AIDS Identities and Cultures, by Eric Rofes. 1998. Haworth Press 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 352p., bibliog., index. (Haworth Gay and Lesbian Studies). ISBN 0-7890-0470-4, 1-56023-934-4pbk. $49.95, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Psychology; Identity; Gay Men; Attitudes; AIDS in Mass Media; AIDS in Literature; Proteolytic Enzyme Inhibitors; Gay Communities)

Eric Rofes is long-time activist and founder of the Boston Lesbian and Gay Political Alliance. He is the author of the landmark book: Reviving the Tribe: Regenerating Gay Men's Sexuality and Culture in the Ongoing Epidemic. He has published 9 books and numerous articles. In Dry Bones Breathe Rofes continues the debates that surround sex in the gay communities. During the early part of the AIDS epidemic, gay men changed their attitudes about sex as more and more of their closest friends were dying of this horrible disease. Activism was the word and a large number of them took up the cause to promote safer sex, more funding, education, and a more positive image. Now, with new treatments for combating the virus, the attitudes are changing again and the active groups are having to change their views in order to reach the individuals in a different way. From this book "you'll gain a deeper understanding of current community debates focused on circuit parties, unprotected sex, and gay men's sexual cultures, and you will learn how social, political, and biomedical changes are dramatically transforming gay identities and cultures." In other words, Rofes wants this book to be a wake-up call to every gay man around the world. The crisis is not over and will repeat itself if we let it.

It is suggested that long term prevention efforts must focus around something other than a crisis. AIDS activists complain about the diminished participation in AIDS activism, but Rofes suggest that these groups have distanced themselves from the reality of most gay men's lives. This is a must read book for every gay man who wants to live a long and productive life. It will open your eyes and make you realize that we are all very vulnerable to the virus and that we should not take down our guard. The style of writing is exciting, explicit, and openly frank. This is not a book for everyone but everyone should at least glance through it and maybe read parts of it. This reviewer will bet that every gay man will find a little bit of his life described in this book and will smile or blush when he does read it. A recommended book for all academic libraries.

1000. Drug Injecting and HIV Infection: Global Dimensions and Local Responses, edited by Gerry V. Stimson, Don C. Des Jarlais, Andrew L. Ball for the World Health Organization. 1998. UCL Press, 1900 Frost Road, Ste 101, Bristol, PA 19007-1598. 294p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS). ISBN 1-85728-824-6, 1-85728-825-4pbk. write for price. (Descriptors: Drugs; Social Aspects)

This book is the result of studying some 6,390 current drug users between October, 1989 and March, 1992 in Athens, Bangkok, Berlin, Glasgow, London, Madrid, New York, Rome, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Sydney, and Toronto. The study has played a significant role in bringing attention to world leaders the extremely serious health consequences of drugs and HIV infection. "This book is testimony to the importance of linking research to intervention and policy making. It indicates the major benefits to be derived from comparative international studies." We know a great deal about drugs use and HIV infection but we now have the problem in convincing many countries around the world that intervention is necessary, can be successful and is cost-effective. The statistics in this book are of great value for researchers and the editors should be complemented on the great amount of information that is contained here. This is a highly recommended book for all academic and research libraries, providing much data for future research.


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