AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 60

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 60-December, 2000


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1042. Learning for Our Common Health: How an Academic Focus on HIV/AIDS Will Improve Education and Health, edited by David Barns.
1043. Public Sex in a Latin Society, by Jacobo Schifter.
1044. Medscape HIV/AIDS Annual Update 2000, edited by John P. Phair, Edward King.
1045. Built to Survive: A Comprehensive Guide to the Medical Use of Anabolic Steroids, Nutrition, Supplementation and Exercise for HIV (+) Men and Women, by Michael Mooney, Nelson Vergel.
1046. AIDS Doctors: Voices from the Epidemic, by Ronald Bayer, Gerald M. Oppenheimer.
1047. Working with AIDS Bereavement: A Comprehensive Approach for Mental Health Providers, by Peter Goldblum, Sarah Erickson.
1048. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2nd edition by A. McMillan, G. R. Scott.
1049. Multicultural Queer: Australian Narratives, edited by Peter A. Jackson, Gerard Sullivan.
1050. HIV Infection and AIDS, 2nd edition by Siobhan M. Murphy, Gary Brook, Martin A. Birchall.
1051. Free Movement of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS, by Jean-Yves Carlier, Graciela Schiffino, edited by Lieve Fransen.
1052. HIV and AIDS: Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality, edited by Rebecca Bennett, Charles A. Erin.
1053. HIV Affected and Vulnerable Youth: Prevention Issues and Approaches, edited by Susan Taylor-Brown, Alejandro Garcia.

1042. Learning for Our Common Health: How and Academic Focus on HIV/AIDS Will Improve Education and Health, edited by David Burns. 1999. Association of American Colleges and Universities, 1818 R St. NW, Washington, DC 20009. 151p., bibliog. ISBN 0-011696-76-8. Write for price. (Descriptors: Education; Academic Focus)

The Association of American Colleges and Universities' Program for Health and Higher Education (PHHE) "launched a bold model to help leaders improve undergraduate learning by engaging higher education in the solution to one of the world's most pressing problems: preventing HIV disease and reducing the threat it poses to youth." This initiative has introduced participants to new learning strategies, interactive technology, curricular innovations, and service learning models about HIV/AIDS and health. This book provides an insight into how this initiative has succeeded. "The authors explore the case for this new scholarship; for re-thinking how we conceptualize health, and for using common health to improve the capacity of our students to be active participants in our democratic society."

The seven chapters cover: "Learning for Our Common Health," "If We Fail to Lead," "HIV, Health, and Liberal Education," "HIV/AIDS in the Academy: Engagement and Learning in a Context of Change," "Service Learning and HIV/AIDS Prevention: Prospects for an Integrated Strategy," "Learning About HIV/AIDS and Ethics in a Liberal Democracy," "Placing HIV/AIDS in Perspective: A Question of History," and "HIV/AIDS and Institutional Transformation: The Experience of San Francisco State University."

This is a well organized book that contains a wealth of information pertaining to AIDS/HIV education. It could be a key book, useful in leadership retreats, undergraduate classes, HIV/AIDS task forces, curriculum planning, anti-bigotry initiatives, and other educational arms of institutions. Highly recommended for all academic libraries.

1043. Public Sex in a Latin Society, by Jacobo Schifter. 2000. Haworth Hispanic/Latino Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY, 13904-1580. 190p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-56023-985-9, 1-56023-986-7pbk. $49.95, $19.95pbk.. (Descriptors: Costa Rica; Gay Men; Sexual Behavior; Public Spaces; Health Aspects; Safe Sex in AIDS Prevention)

The main mission of the Latin American Health and Prevention Institute in studying public sex in the Latin society "was to investigate patterns of gay behavior in order to take effective prevention measures against HIV infection." It has never denounced public sex nor sought to persecute those who practice it. Instead, they believe "that public sex provides a number of opportunities that enable a sector of the population to work through certain problems of sexual communication and even to learn about safe sex."

This is a book that does not hold back on how the men tell their story using a language that may be coarse and rude to sensitive ears. The authors believe "it is better to portray them as they really are, without the terrible censorship of their language that is so characteristic of Latin American social science." This is an excellent book and one that should help greatly in AIDS education in the Latin communities where the Church and social protocols work against the gay men. More research needs to be conducted in this area in order to understand how public sex can work in a positive manner rather than in a negative manner. This is a recommended book for all academic libraries and large public libraries. It should be in all libraries that serve Latinos.

1044. Medscape HIV/AIDS Annual Update 2000, Incorporating the Proceedings of the 10th Annual Clinical Care Options for HIV Symposium, edited by John P. Phair, Edward King. 2000. Medscape, Inc., 234 W 29th St., New York, NY 10001. 215p., bibliog. http://hiv.medscape.com. Free. (Descriptors: Update; Clinical Care)

This annual update provides "an excellent review of advances in our understanding of the biology of the viral-host interactions underlying the pathogenesis of this infection and state-of-the-art management of the HIV-infected individual." Each of the topics provides concise information through the use of text, tables, figures, and summaries of key points of clinical significance.

The summaries that are included in this annual review are: "Immunopathogenesis of HIV Infection," "Viral Pathogenesis: Update and Clinical Implications," "Human Genetic Factors that Impact HIV Infection and Progression," "Antiretroviral Therapy: Initial Strategies," "Managing Antiretroviral-Experienced Patients," "Choosing and Using Resistance Assays," "Drug Interactions: Better Living Through Pharmacology," "Adherence: Issues and Strategies," "Clinical Management of HIV-Infected Infants and Children," "Emerging Issues in the Clinical Management of HIV in Women," "Fat Redistribution and Metabolic Abnormalities," "Hyperlipidemia and Insulin Resistance Due to HIV Infection and Its Therapies," "Hypertension and HIV Infection," "Opportunistic Infections 2000," "Co-Infection with Hepatitis C and HIV," and "Virus-Related Cancers in the HAART Era." There, also, is a quick guide to antiretrovirals.

This is an excellent review publication that should be available in all medical libraries. It would be a useful reference source for large public libraries.

1045. Built to Survive: A Comprehensive Guide to the Medical Use of Anabolic Steroids, Nutrition, Supplementation and Exercise for HIV (+) Men and Women, by Michael Mooney, Nelson Vergel. 1999. Program for Wellness Restoration, 1112 Jackson Blvd., Houston, TX 77006. 174p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-9662231-0-1. $24.95. (Descriptors: Anabolic Steroids; Nutrition; Exercise; Alternative Medicine)

"This book reflects an encouraging public trend towards the assumption of personal responsibility for treating HIV disease. It urges the patient to take an active role in treating his or her condition, in combination with traditional medical treatment." This book presents an approach to reverse and prevent the critical loss of lean body mass called wasting and discusses lipodystrophy, the unusual redistribution of bodyfat that is being seen in many people who are taking HIV medication. It covers nutrition, supplementation, resistance exercise, androgenic-anabolic steroids, growth hormone, and other therapies.

This is an excellent book full of good sound advice that individuals can follow to help decrease some of the side effects of HIV/AIDS. It is a book for the individual but also a highly recommended book for all medical, academic, and public libraries. Since some the recommendations may not be fully recommended by physicians, it is always wise to consult with your physician and explain what you may be doing so that he understands what is being done. Since this is an area that needs more research, many clinics are beginning to set up trials to test some of these treatments. The main thing to consider is that there may be some side effects that may threaten your overall health.

1046. AIDS Doctors: Voices from the Epidemic, by Ronald Bayer, Gerald M. Oppenheimer. 2000. Oxford University Press, 198 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 310p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-19-512681-5. $27.50. (Descriptors: History; Oral History; Biography)

This is an especially interesting book that has captured "an important perspective on the epidemic's course before it is lost, to preserve the memory of a long and dreadful period for those who may come to look back, uncomprehendingly, on what it was to be a doctor caring for those afflicted by AIDS in the epidemic's first two decades." The book is about those doctors who chose to care for patients with AIDS in a time when some doctors turned their patients away because of AIDS.

Some 76 doctors were interviewed from New York, Newark, Boston, Washington, Baltimore, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Cleveland, Chicago, Seattle, Las Vegas, Rochester, Austin, and Houston. This is a book about respect for those doctors who were selfless and self-serving and how AIDS transformed their ordinary lives because of their involvement with a medical challenge none could ever have imagined. It is a moving book that one will pick up and read either cover to cover or in bits and pieces. This is a book about dedication and a sincere interest in helping those with HIV/AIDS. It is a must book for all academic and medical libraries and a necessary book for all public libraries in large metropolitan areas.

1047. Working with AIDS Bereavement: A Comprehensive Approach for Mental Health Providers, by Peter B. Goldblum, Sara Erickson. 1999. UCSF AIDS Health Project, PO Box 0884, San Francisco, CA 94143-0884. 100p., bibliog., index. (UCSF AIDS Health Project Monograph Series, no. 3). ISBN 1-879168-03-0. Write for price. (Descriptors: Bereavement; Psychological Aspects; Grief; Death; Loss)

AIDS grief can only be studied when one understands AIDS bereavement. This book is an attempt to help the reader understand this bereavement. The first chapter discusses the historical, cultural, philosophical, and psychological contexts of mourning and specifically AIDS bereavement. The next two chapter synthesize this material so that a model can be developed that "will aid providers to assess and treat clients who need help navigating their mourning process." The following chapters describe a range of bereavement activities and interventions and a method for matching AIDS mourners with appropriate bereavement activities. "Finally, the monograph proposes a psychotherapeutic approach--Integrative AIDS Bereavement Therapy--that combines aspects of both psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral therapy and is enhanced by recent developments specifically designed to assist AIDS mourners in preventing complicated grief."

This is an excellent book that counselors will find useful in working with AIDS grief. It is easy to read and recommended for all libraries as well as the layperson's personal library.

1048. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2nd edition by A. McMillan, G. R. Scott. 2000. Churchill Livingstone/Harcourt Health Sciences, Curtis Center, Independence Square West, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3399. 123p., color illus., index. (Colour Guide). ISBN 0-443-06229-3. $19.95. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases)

Sexually transmitted infections are of great concern to those who are treating HIV positive individuals. It is, therefore, very important that clinicians are able to quickly and easily identify such infections. The first edition of this book was published in 1991 as Colour Aids to Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Since medical knowledge is constantly changing and new information becomes available concerning treatment, procedures, equipment and drugs, this second edition became necessary. It is a small book with a great amount of information accompanied with excellent color photographs. The infections that are covered include urethritis in men, vaginal discharge, genital ulceration, non-specific genital infection, Reiter's syndrome, gonorrhoea, genital warts, genital herpes, molluscum contagiosum, hepatitis, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, HIV, genital candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, enteric infections in gay men, pthiriasis, scabies, syphilis, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, genital dermatoses, and genital lesions. This is an excellent book recommended for all health science libraries and clinical libraries.

1049. Multicultural Queer: Australian Narratives, edited by Peter A. Jackson, Gerard Sullivan. 1999. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 233p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Homosexuality, v. 36, nos. 3/4, 1999). ISBN 0-7890-0651-0. 1-56023-123-8pbk. $69.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Minority Gays; Australia)

This is a book is a balanced account of both the positive and negative aspects of gay and lesbian life in a multicultural environment. It covers many issues, including: "culturally shaped attitudes towards homosexuality," "cultural variations in homosexual conceptualization, identity, and expression," "oscillation and attempts at mediation between membership of an ethnic group and the lesbian and gay community," and "interaction (including partnerships) between lesbians and gay men of different cultural backgrounds." Although the book deals specifically with Australia, the information can be applied in a much broader geographical area since similar situations can be found in other parts of the world. Of particular interest is the chapter, "A Social Psychological Perspective on HIV/AIDS and Gay or Homosexually Active Asian Men." Asian in this sense refers to men from Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Hong Kong, and China. "This paper is not meant to be a comprehensive look at HIV/AIDS issues relevant to Gay Asian men. Rather, it is an attempt to illustrate points of convergence in issues that have been identified in HIV/AIDS research, on the one hand, and social psychological research related to minority/racial and cross-cultural issues, on the other."

This is an excellent book that discusses the problems with multicultural gay individuals. These problems can be applied throughout the world, making this a very good resource for any academic library.

1050. HIV Infection and AIDS, 2nd edition by Siobhan M. Murphy, Gary Brook, Martin A. Birchall. 2000. Churchill Livingstone/Harcourt Health Sciences, Curtis Center, Independence Square West, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3399. 155p., color illus., bibliog., index. (Colour Guide). ISBN 0-443-06168-8. $19.95. (Descriptors; Infections)

The first edition of this book was published in 1992 as Colour Guide: HIV Infection and AIDS. There have been many changes since that first edition. As a result, much of the book has been rewritten and new chapters added that cover symptom-based issues, fever and constitutional symptoms, musculoskeletal problems, and problems in the urogenital system. There is also a new chapter on pregnancy. This book is not intended to be comprehensive "but rather to give an insight into some of the more common clinical features of HIV infection and AIDS and of the recent changes and advances in treatment." The final chapter discusses Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). This is a highly recommended book for all medical libraries. The text is concise and to the point accompanied by outstanding color photographs.

1051. Free Movement of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS, by Jean-Yves Carlier, Graciela Schiffino, edited by Lieve Fransen. 1999. European Communities, Rue de la Loi, 200, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium. 319p., bibliog. ISBN 92-828-7126-6. write for price. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Political Aspects)

This book discusses the issue of free movement of persons living with HIV/AIDS between countries throughout the world. The first part of the book covers restrictions on the free movement of persons either authorized or forbidden by International and European law. The next part covers the legislation of the various European Union Member states in regards to HIV/AIDS and the last part looks at those countries that are not part of the European Union. Unfortunately, there is no written restrictive text that restricts the movement of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Since no text permits controls, such controls should at present be ruled out. A very important chapter is a country-by-country examination of the legislation in European Union member states and the third part of the book covers the same for third world countries.

This is an excellent resource for those contemplating travel throughout the world. As with all books of this type, one should consult more recent sources to make sure policies have not changed or that laws have been enacted to restrict travel. Consulting with the European Commission in Brussels would be well advised.

1052. HIV and AIDS: Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality, edited by Rebecca Bennett, Charles A. Erin. 1999. Oxford University Press, 198 Madison Ave., New York, NY, 10016. 285p., bibliog., index. (Issues in Biomedical Ethics). ISBN 0-19-823801-0. $45.00. (Descriptors: Diagnosis; Moral and Ethical Aspects; Law and Legislation; Social Aspects; Mass Screening; Confidentiality)

This book is the outgrowth of a research project in Europe--"AIDS: Ethics, Justice and European Policy." The chief aim of the project was to identify basic principles of, and sketch an ethical framework for European social and legislative policy on HIV and AIDS. This research addressed many AIDS-related issues but the most complex was that surrounding testing and screening for HIV, especially in regard to the confidentiality of the results. This is a very comprehensive book covering many aspects of testing and screening for HIV. High on the list is confidentiality and the ethics involved around this issue. Some very intriguing chapters include: "Is Society Responsible for My Health?" "Ethical Aspects of the Use of Sensitive Information in Health Care Research," "AIDS and Insurance," "Should We Routinely Test Pregnant Women for HIV?" "Who Should Know about My HIV Positivity and Why?" and "Is There a Right to Remain in Ignorance of HIV Status?"

An appendix provides a summary of conclusions and recommendations from the European Commission, Directorate General XII, Biomedicine and Health Research Programme, and Cooperation in Science and Technology with Central and Eastern European Countries on "AIDS: Ethics, Justice, and European Policy." This is a recommended book for all academic libraries.

1053. HIV Affected and Vulnerable Youth: Prevention Issues and Approaches, edited by Susan Taylor-Brown, Alejandro Garcia. 1999. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 147p., bibliog., index. (Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children, v. 3, nos. 1/2, 1999). ISBN 0-7890-0792-4, 0-7890-0825-4pbk. $39.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Services for Patients; Adolescence; Prevention; Children)

There has not been enough attention given to the impact of HIV on children and adolescents, yet they are now the most vulnerable. In addition they face ever increasing problems when members of the family are HIV infected, especially the mother or father or both. "Living in a family in which a family member is HIV-infected has profound psychological effects on the child or adolescent." These children many times have no one to turn to talk about HIV infection and its consequences. Rarely does the mother or father discuss the facts with their children. We have to recognize that these children will grow up and be part of the adult society. They need to be healthy and productive and have an understanding about HIV/AIDS.

The nine papers in this well written book cover: "My Brother," "The Courage of a Woman," "When I Think of AIDS," "Longitudinal Study of Psychological Distress Symptoms in HIV-Infected, School-Aged Children," "A Troubled Present, an Uncertain Future: Well Adolescents in Families with AIDS," "The Impact of Targeted Prevention Programs for Adolescents at High Risk for HIV Transmission," "Minors' Rights and HIV: Prevention, Testing and Treatment," "In the Best Interest of the Child: Maintaining Family Integrity Among HIV-Positive Mothers, Children, and Adolescents," and "Mothers with AIDS: Coping, Support, and Ability to Plan for Their Children." A recommended book for all academic and large public libraries.


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Last updated 01/23/2001
URL:http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/