This is a collection of newsletters covering timely information on HIV nutrition, including comprehensive research articles. Also included are articles covering popular alternative therapies and medications. These are excellent articles that provide a wealth of information for those who are HIV positive, including nutritional treatments for unintentional weight loss. The lead articles in each of the issues cover: "Micronutrients and the Progression of HIV-1 Disease," "Micronutrient Recommendations for the HIV-Challenged," "B12: Dementia and Cognition," "HIV and Exercise," "Pediatric Issues," "Pediatric Issues in HIV Disease," "Calories and Energy Needs," "A Review of Nutritional Care Guidelines," "Nutritional Assessment of the Person Living with HIV," "Protein Needs and HIV," "Women and HIV," "Geneva Highlights," "Have Fat Will Travel," "Assessing Barriers to Nutritional Services," "Evolution of Nutrition Screening Services in a Community Based HIV Clinic," "Review of Nutritional Treatments for Unintentional Weight Loss," "Pharmaceutical Treatments for Unintentional Weight Loss in HIV Disease," "Vitamin B12 Revisited: Old Wine in New Bottles," "Heart Healthy Food Choices in the Era of HAART," and "A Preliminary Look at Substance Abuse."
Each of the articles includes an alternative focus, med watch, resource corner, glossary, program spotlight, and Internet sources. This is an excellent resource that provides in layperson's terms information that will help the HIV positive individual with his or her nutritional treatment. It is a highly recommended source for all health science libraries and would be well suited for any public library.
1055. How to Bridge the Gap Between Us?, by Ann Bokova, Eva Melliste, Jaanus Samma, Nadja Zapolskaja, Piret Kartus, Reili Reintal, Anna Bogatorjova, Maru Metspalu. 2000. Nordic Institute for Women's Studies and Gender Research, PO Box 1156 Blindern, NO-0317 Oslo, Norway. unpaged. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for copies. (Descriptors: Adolescents; Estonia; Russia)
This small booklet has been written, designed, and produced by Estonian and Russian teenagers aged 15-17, from Russian and Estonian schools in Tallinn, Estonia. The booklet and vocabulary have been written in Estonian, Russian, and English. The teenagers all took part in workshops run by Living for Tomorrow, a pilot action/research project of the Nordic Institute for Women's Studies and Gender Research (NIKK). It speaks to the difficulties that educators face to actively involve people in safer sexual behaviors. The central concern "is the frequent absence of critical discussion about ways gender norms, in any society, actually produce unsafe, damaging sexual relations between men and women--from HIV infection to unwanted pregnancies and sexual violence." This is a book by young people working together crossing post-Soviet Russian/Estonian divides. It is intended to provoke discussion and stimulate questions about attitudes of men and women concerning sexual safety.
The text is brief, simple, and to the point covering "Being a Man or a Woman," "Attraction," "Stereotypes," "Jobs Men and Women Do," "Why Young People Have Sex," "HIV/AIDS," "Marriage and Family," "Condoms," and "Excuses, Excuses." The last part of the booklet is an excellent Vocabulary of words dealing with sex and gender in English, Estonian and Russian. The terms are listed under the following broad themes: prevention, risks of unprotected sex, sexual intimacy and sexual behaviors, the body side of sex, different colors of sex (moods, feelings), and social side of sex: gender issues. This is an excellent book that should be in all schools and public libraries. The young people who compiled it have done a great job.
1056. What Mental Health Practitioners Need to Know about HIV and AIDS, edited by Francine Cournos, Marshall Forstein. 2000. Jossey-Bass/Wiley, 350 Sansome St., San Francisco, CA 94104-1342. 136p., bibliog., index. (New Directions for Mental Health Services, no. 87, Fall, 2000). ISBN 0-7879-1436-3. ISSN 0193-9416. $25.00. Subscription to New Directions for Mental Health Services, $65.00 individuals, $110.00 institutions. (Descriptors: Mental Health; Psychosocial Issues; Neurocognitive Disorders)
This volume of the New Directions for Mental Health Services series was organized by the American Psychiatric Association Commission on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. "This volume is intended to provide an update on HIV-related issues for mental health professionals and includes an overview of basic medical facts, neuropsychiatric manifestations, common psychiatric syndromes and their treatment, psychotherapy and coping strategies, prevention, adherence, legal and ethical issues, and some examples of HIV-related clinical care by frontline mental health providers." This is an extremely well researched book in the series that provides a wide range of important information for those in the mental health professions. It contains 15 papers: "Essential Medical Facts for Mental Health Practitioners," "Psychosocial Issues in Antiretroviral Treatment," "Diagnosis and Treatment of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders," "Psychotherapeutic Strategies for Coping with HIV Infection," "Some Further Thoughts on Adjustment, Coping, and Bereavement," "Mood and Anxiety Disorders," " Substance Abuse and HIV Infection," "Severe Mental Illness and HIV-AIDS," "Preventing HIV Infection Through Sexual-Behavior Change," "Adherence to Treatment," "Legal and Ethical Issues Relevant to HIV-Positive Psychiatric Patients," "Provider Issues in HIV Care," "An Integrated Program for Comprehensive HIV Care," "A Program for Families and Children Affected by HIV," and "A Practitioner's View from the Front Lines." This is a recommended book for all health science and academic libraries. It should be an essential purchase for mental health professionals.
1057. Wages of Sin: Sex and Disease, Past and Present, by Peter Lewis Allen. 2000. University of Chicago Press, 5801 South Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637-1496. 202p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-226-01460-6. $25.00. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Social Aspects; Moral and Ethical Aspects; History; Sexual Ethics)
"If the American AIDS crisis had a birthday, it would be 5 June 1981." That makes it 20 years since two UCLA doctors announced that they had found a number of cases of this highly unusual disease among some of their gay male patients in Los Angeles. Peter Allen has taken it upon himself to write a book that tells the story of sin and disease in Western culture over the past two thousand years. If he had succeeded in doing this, his book would have been many volumes. As a result, his book is not a continuous history, "but rather a series of portraits of disease arranged in rough chronological order." He hopes he has opened the window creating "a perspective on the European and American scene from the Middle Ages to the present." To this end his six portraits are: "Sex by Prescription: Lovesickness in the Middle Ages," "To Live Outside the Camp: Medieval Leprosy," "The Just Rewards of Unbridled Lust: Syphilis in Early Modern Europe," "A Broom in the Hands of the Almighty: Bubonic Plague," "The Heinous Sin of Self-Pollution: Medicine, Morals, and Masturbation," and "AIDS in the U.S.A."
This is a very interesting book to read that shows that there is an intersection of disease, punishment, and morality. "Certain diseases have been labeled for centuries as the wages of sin, and their sufferers were deemed unworthy of decent care or cure." The first five portraits certainly attest to this and, in the beginning, AIDS was considered a wage of sin falling upon the heads of the gay men. Peter Allen hopes that he can help to increase courtesy, charity, and compassion in the world by writing about people from the past and writing about intolerance. "Like the past, loss is irreversible, but it is not vain as long as we can give it meaning." This is a highly recommended book for all libraries.
1058. Dying at Home: A Family Guide for Caregiving, revised and updated by Andrea Sankar. 1999. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 North Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218-4363. 298p., bibliog., index. (A Johns Hopkins Press Health Book). ISBN 0-8018-6202-7, 0-8018-6203-5pbk. $45.00, $16.95pbl. (Descriptors: Terminally Ill; Home Care)
The pain and suffering of the dying is with us at all times. Many try to look around it and let someone else deal with those who are dying, saving their energy for the grieving after the individual has died. However, more people are dying at home because managed care is forcing people out of the hospital into outpatient settings. Those families and friends that do care for the dying remain a little understood group but are considered champions. As medical advances shorten hospital stays, the site of death will more and more be the home, placing significant demands on family and other informal caregivers. This book is for those who have taken it upon themselves to care for their loved ones at home during their final days of living, which may stretch into months and even years. Fortunately there are many groups who can help and many facilities that take over when the family can no longer cope.
Much attention is given to the caregiver in this book and the hospice movement. This book will explain all of the various functions of formal support, how to gain access to the formal system, how to contact an agency, and how to find the right people. It discusses the role of the caregiver, social support, the well being of the caregiver, demystifying death, and what has to be done after death occurs. There is one section that specifically talks about caregiving and HIV. This is an excellent book for personal use and a recommended book for all public libraries.
1059. Lady Boys, Tom Boys, Rent Boys: Male and Female Homosexualities in Contemporary Thailand, edited by Peter A. Jackson, Gerard Sullivan. 1999. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 237p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, volume 9, no. 2/3 1999). ISBN 0-7890-0656-1, 1-56023-119-Xpbk. $49.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Thailand; Transsexualism; Male Prostitution)
Tourists to Thailand may think that male and female homosexuals lead happy, normal lives in this "Land of Smiles." Lovers can be seen walking hand-in-hand and there are many bars, saunas, restaurants, karaoke parlors and discos that openly cater to the many gays that visit this country. Unfortunately, the gays in Thailand are not free from prejudice, criticism, ostracism and discrimination. These individuals exist in a legal limbo since there are no laws against them. As a result, visitors to Thailand are having a very visible negative impact on the gays by introducing them to STDs and AIDS. In the area of HIV/AIDS education and prevention, "homosexually active men are ignored, with unprotected heterosexual sex and intravenous drug use often being represented as the only risk activities." In Thai society, "ignoring a problem is often considered to be a traditional method of solving the problem."
The nine chapters in this book speak to all of the problems that are now encountered in Thailand: "A Panoply of Roles: Sexual and Gender Diversity in Contemporary Thailand," "Same-Sex Sexual Experience in Thailand," "HIV/AIDS Projects with and for Gay Men in Northern Thailand," "Increasingly Gay Self-Representations of Male-Male Sexual Experiences in Thailand," "Masculinity and Tom Identity in Thailand," "Transformations of Transgender: The Case of the Thai Kathoey," "Rehearsing Gender and Sexuality in Modern Thailand: Masculinity and Male-Male Sex Behaviours," "The Friends Thou Hast: Support Systems for Male Commercial Sex Workers in Pattaya, Thailand," and "Between Money, Morality and Masculinity: Bar-Based Male Sex Work in Chiang Mai." This is a recommended book for academic libraries.
1060. Plague of Paradoxes: AIDS, Culture, and Demography in Northern Tanzania, by Philip W. Setel. 1999. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave, 4th Fl, Chicago, IL 60637. 308p., bibliog., index. (Worlds of Desire). ISBN 0-226-74885-5, 0-226-74886-3pbk. $42.00, $19.00pbk. (Descriptors: Tanzania; Chaga (African People))
"This is a book about an epidemic and the cultural and demographic circumstances out of which it emerged." The first case of AIDS in Tanzania was recorded in 1983 and since then it has been growing more than any other country in Africa. "More than ever before there is a need to reassess what we know about this disease and how to mitigate its impact." It is the aim of this book to provide and opportunity to reflect on what has happened and prompt some constructive action and dialougue to fight this dreaded disease in this beautiful Kilimanjaro country. Setel has done a great job in doing just this. His first chapter centers on a song about AIDS in Tanzania where AIDS is called UKIMWI. The song is "Hey, Listen!" The next 5 chapters cover: "Not a Promised Land: Historical Instabilities in Social Reproduction," "Population, Men, and Movement: (M)oral Demographies of Desire and Risk," "Personhood and the Pragmatics of Desire," "The Acquired Income Deficiency Syndrome," and "An Epidemic of Clarity, a Disease of Confusion: Professional and Popular Epidemiologies of AIDS."
In his concluding chapter Setel states: "I have argued that AIDS has been a plague of paradoxes, of concentric catastrophes, of disordered relations of power from the interpersonal to the international, the productive to the reproductive, the societal to the sexual." The people of Kilimanjaro have suffered, are suffering, and will continue to suffer so long as we look the other way. However, they are beginning to help themselves with a complete awareness of what they are up against. This is an excellent account of their struggle and a recommended book for all academic libraries.
1061. Death of the Good Doctor: Lessons from the Heart of the AIDS Epidemic, by Kate Scannell. 1999. Cleis Press, PO Box 14684, San Francisco, CA 94114. 194p. ISBN 1-57344-091-4. $14.95. (Descriptors: California; Physicians; Biography)
This is a very moving account in the life of a doctor in Northern California named Kate Scannell. At the age of 32 she found herself assigned to a county hospital AIDS ward where her intimate relationships with her AIDS patients are chronicled in this book. She served at this hospital from 1985 to 1990 and is now at the University of California, San Francisco where she is facing ovarian cancer. Hers is a moving story that will make you laugh, cry, and do some deep searching as to why are we facing this AIDS crisis. This is a highly recommended book for all libraries.
1062. HIV Medications/Food Interactions (And So Much More), 2nd edition by Zaneta M. Pronsky, Sharon Ann Meyer. 2001, Food-Medication Interactions, PO Box 204, Birchrunville, PA 19421. 250p., spiral bound. ISBN 0-9606164-9-7. $21.95. (Treatments; Food Interactions; Medications)
"This book is intended for use by clinicians to determine potential problems or benefits when an individual medication is mixed with food/nutrients, supplements, or other drugs." Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) protocols are now published by the American Dietetic Association. The protocols have as major goals: "Maximize the effectiveness of medical and pharmacological treatments," "Prevent the development of specific nutrient deficiencies," "Optimize nutrition status, immunity and overall well being," "Prevent and manage medication side effects," "Prevent loss of weight and lean body mass and other facets of malnutrition," and "Minimize health care costs."
The HIV drugs are listed in alphabetical order and include name, producer, dosage, and complete information about the drug, its side effects, reactions to other drugs and food, and other vital health information. As mentioned before, this is a book for clinicians that are treating HIV patients. Also included is information on various foods as to their potential of creating a problem, herbal products, dietary supplements, a list of 120 references for additional reading, and a list of HIV information resources. This is a must book for physicians treating HIV patients and a recommended book for all reference collections of health science libraries.
1063. Loss within Loss: Artists in the Age of AIDS, edited by Edmund White in cooperation with the Estate Project for Artists with AIDS, a project of the Alliance for the Arts. 2001. University of Wisconsin Press, 2537 Daniels St., Madison, WI 53718. 305p. (Living Out). ISBN 0-299-17070-5. $29.95. (Descriptors: AIDS and the Arts; Patients; Biography)
This exceptional book is a book of essays that eulogize some of our brightest artists that have died of AIDS. The essays are eye opening, lucid, touching, moving, and shocking. They are meant to be read one a time and not all at once. The contributors are Maya Angelou who presents a poem; John Berendt on Bruce Kelly, architect; William Berger on Chris DeBlasio, composer; Alexander Chee on Peter D. Kelloran, painter; David Gere on Joah Lowe, choreographer; Brad Gooch on Howard Brookner, filmmaker; Allan Gurganus on James Merrill, writer; Randall Kenan on John C. Russell, playwright; Phillip Lopate on Warren Sonbert, filmmaker; Craig Lucas on several artists; J. D. McClatchy on James Merril and Paul Monette, writers; Keith McDermott on Joe Brainard, visual artist; Ramsey McPhillips on Mark Morrisroe, visual artist; Patrick Moore on Robert Farber, painter; Herbert Muschamp on Frank Israle, architect and Derek Jarman, filmmaker; Felice Picano on Robert Ferro, writer; Robert Rosenblum on Scott Burton, Sculptor; Sarah Schulman on Stan Leventhal, writer/editor; Andrew Solomon, essay; Benjamin Taylor on Robert Anton, puppeteer; Jonathan Weinberg on Marc Lida, visual artist; and Philip Yenawine on David Wojnaroxicz, visual artist/writer.
This is a highly recommended book for all libraries.
1064. Gay Men and Childhood Sexual Trauma: Integrating the Shattered Self, edited by James Cassese. 2000. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 199p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, v.12, no. 1/2, 2000). ISBN 1-56023-137-8, 1-56023-138-6pbk. $49.95, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Psychology; Counseling; Adult Child Sexual Abuse Victims; Male Rape Victims; Social Work with Gays)
Although not a book specifically about HIV/AIDS, this book shows us the trauma that man gay men have experienced during their childhood that has contributed to many problems that can be linked to becoming HIV positive. It is a very explicit book that will open your eyes and make you wonder how some of these individuals were able to cope with life after they became an adult. Unfortunately, many sexually abused gay men do not make it to adult life because of suicide. The one chapter that speaks about HIV/AIDS is "HIV and the Cycle of Trauma in Gay Men." Here, the author shows how important patient education is in reducing risks and how difficult it is to show these individuals that they should have safer sex. This is a highly recommended book for all academic libraries.
1065. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.12, no. 6, December, 2000; v.13, no. 1, February 2001. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. $60.00 individuals; $184.00 institutions. (Descriptors: Education; Prevention)
This journal is a forum devoted to research on AIDS education and prevention, including development, implementation, and evaluation. It is a highly recommended journal for all health science and academic libraries.
Articles in Volume 12, no. 6, December, 2000 are: "Gender Differences in Sexual Behaviors and Factors Associated with Nonuse of Condoms Among Homeless and Runaway Youths," "Examining Communication and Assertiveness as Predictors of Condom Use: Implications for HIV Prevention," "The Impact of Sexuality and Race/Ethnicity on HIV/AIDS Risk Among Asian and Pacific Island American (A/PIA) Gay and Bisexual Men in Hawaii," "Differences in Disclosure of Sexuality Among African American and White Gay/Bisexual Men: Implications for HIV/AIdS Prevention," "Women with HIV: Conflicts and Synergy of Prayer within the Realm of Medical Care," "Preventive Attitudes Toward the Treatment of AIDS: Process and Determinants in Rural Senegal," and "Risk Factors and Characteristics of Youth Living with or at High Risk for HIV."
Articles in Volume 13, no. 1, February, 2001 are: "The HIV/AIDS Prevention Program Archive (HAPPA): A Collection of Promising Prevention Programs in a Box," "Building Strong Linkages Across the HIV Prevention Continuum: The Practical Lessons Learned From a Comprehensive Evaluation Effort in Minnesota," "Variation in Health and Risk Behavior Among Youth Living with HIV," "Patterns of Use of the Female Condom After One Year of Mass Marketing," "Barriers to Condom Use: Results from a Study in Mumbai (Bombay), India," "Needle Exchange Program Attendance and Injection Risk in Providence, Rhode Island," and "Effects of a Cognitive-Behavioral HIV Prevention Intervention Among HIV Negative Male Substance Abusers in VA Residential Treatment."