AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 64

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 64-July/August, 2001


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1086. Global Sex, by Dennis Altman.
1087. Resolving Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Challenges in HIV Vaccine Research: A Discussion Paper, by Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.
1088. Using Rights and the Law to Reduce Women's Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: A Discussion Paper, by Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.
1089. Criminal Law and HIV/AIDS: Strategic Considerations: A Discussion Paper, by Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.
1090. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review, v. 5, no. 4, 2000, published by Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.
1091. Living and Dying in 4/4 Time, by Paul Gallotta.
1092. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v. 13, nos. 2. 3and 4, April, June and August, 2001.
1093. Sexual Construction of Latino Youth: Implications for the Spread of HIV/AIDS, by Jacobo Schifter, Johnny Madrigal.
1094. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy: Innovations in Clinical and Applied Evidence-Based Herbal Medicinals, v. 1, no. 1, 2001.
1095. Representations of HIV and AIDS: Visibility Blue/s, by Gabriele Griffin.
1096. Safer Sex: The New Morality, by Evelyn Lerman.
1097. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Sourcebook, 2nd edition edited by Dawn D. Matthews.

1086. Global Sex, by Dennis Altman. 2001. University of Chicago Press, 1427 East 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637-2954. 216p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-226-01606-4. $24.00. (Descriptors: Sex Customs; Globalization)

"Global Sex is the first major work to take both the issues of globalization and sexuality head on." Until now, globalization was used when talking about reform in finance and world trade, advancing new technologies in modern communication and transportation, and any number of other political aspects that we constantly are reading about. Globalization tries to bring the entire world under one umbrella so that everyone is playing by the same rules. This book looks at the globalization of sex and especially how new and continuing technologies have brought talking about sex into the lives of millions of people who, until now, never thought to openly discuss such a topic. One of the primary instruments in globalizing sex has been the Internet. Altman shows us how the Internet has become the most popular way of meeting gays in Taiwan and Korea. It has, also, brought pornographic video advertising into the home so that pornography has become a $4.2 billion a year market around the globe.

This book will provide insights on how the World Bank helped weaken the public health structures in Brazil and India at a time when these structures were beginning to halt the spread of HIV and AIDS. Altman points out how some major World Trade agreements have prevented thousands of AIDS victims from gaining access to new drugs and more affordable treatment and how President Bush's recent memorandum barring foreign aid to family planning groups involved in abortions will help account for the some 70,000 deaths that result from botched and illegal abortions each year.

This is an intriguing and easy-to-read book that will certainly give one a great deal to think about. For example: "What are the connections between international debt, foreign investment, and capitalism on the one hand, and the alarming rise of prostitution, pornography, and AIDS on the other?" or "Why are sexuality and public health so often discussed in terms of morality, but rarely in terms of political economy?" Altman will provide his answers to these questions and many more, giving the reader much to ponder on the globalization of sex. This is a highly recommended book for all libraries.

1087. Resolving Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Challenges in HIV Vaccine Research: A Discussion Paper. Prepared by David Patterson for Putting third First--Critical Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS. November, 2000. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 484 McGill St., 4th Fl., Montreal, PQ H2Y 2H2 Canada. 48p. Write for price. (Descriptors: Legal Issues; Ethical Issues; Human Rights; Vaccine)

This paper is a revised version of a paper prepared for "Putting third First: Critical Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS," an official satellite meeting of the XIII International AIDS Conference, in Durban, South Africa, July, 2000. "The purpose of this paper is to review legal, ethical, and human rights challenges in HIV vaccine research, and to identify actions that need to occur in order to overcome these challenges." It specifically speaks to the challenges arising in the context of HIV preventive vaccine research in developing countries and not to the clinical research in developing countries nor issues concerned with the legal and ethical aspects of HIV vaccine research in industrialized countries. This, with the next two papers, are discussion papers and meant to be starting points for more serious discussions. Recommended for academic research libraries.

1088. Using Rights and the Law to Reduce Women's Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: A Discussion Paper, prepared by Cathi Albertyn for Putting Third First--Critical Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS. October, 2000. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 484 McGill St., 4th Fl., Montreal, PQ H2Y 2H2 Canada. 36p. Write for price. (Descriptors: Women; Legal Issues; Ethical Issues; Human Rights)

As with the previous paper this one was also prepared for the XIII International AIDS Conference. "The HIV/AIDS epidemic necessarily involves greater attention to gender and global inequality, and to poverty on a national and international scale." This paper has as its objective the task of beginning "to identify a variety of short-term legal and rights-based strategies that can mitigate the immediate impact of HIV/AIDS in terms of HIV prevention and improving the lives of women who are infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. The argument will be put forth that both human rights and the law can play an important role within a wider set of national and international strategies. A recommended paper for academic research libraries.

1089. Criminal Law and HIV/AIDS: Strategic Considerations: A Discussion Paper, prepared by Richard Elliott for Putting Third First--Critical Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS. August, 2000. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 484 McGill St., 4th Fl., Montreal, PQ H2Y 2H2 Canada. 41p. Write for price. (Descriptors: Criminal Law; Legal Issues; Ethical Issues; Human Rights)

As with the previous two papers, this one is, also, from the XIII International AIDS Conference. The focus of this paper "is on legal strategies to advance the human rights of those most vulnerable to HIV/AIDS and to discrimination: people in the developing world and people who, although they live in the developed world, suffer from poverty and marginalization and are at high risk of contracting HIV." It provides some recommendations and resources that will equip people to respond to this issue. Recommended for academic research libraries.

1090. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review, volume 5, no. 4, 2000. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 484 McGill St., 4th Fl., Montreal, PQ H2Y 2H2 Canada. 117p., bibliog. ISSN 1496-399X. $12.00 per issue. (Descriptors: Legal Issues)

This is the first issue of this publication under its new name. Previously, this publication was known as Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Newsletter. The size and content of the publication can no longer be called a newsletter. The two lead articles cover "An Ethical Analysis of the Mandatory Exclusion of Immigrants Who Test HIV-Positive" and "Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Issues at Durban 2000." The remainder of the issue covers HIV/AIDS in Canadian Courts, Canadian news concerning AIDS/HIV, update on HIV/AIDS in prisons, an update on criminal law and HIV/AIDS, reporting on some problems with patents and prices of AIDS medications, international news, review of some selected publications, a discussion of HIV/AIDS and the law, and a summary of Durban 2000: Law, Ethics, and Human Rights. This publication continues to provide excellent coverage of various AIDS issues in Canada and throughout the world. It is highly recommended for all academic research libraries.

1091. Living and Dying in 4/4 Time, by Paul Gallotta. 2000. UpStart Press, 305 West 45th St., Ste. 3-I, New York, NY 10036. 198p. ISBN 0-9701274-8-0. $12.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects)

Paul Gallotta states in the introduction "This was never meant to be a book. I began keeping a journal back in 1985 (Women keep diaries, men don't. I Keep a Journal.), because I kept witnessing things I couldn't explain, these had no pharmaceutical explanation." As a social worker, he brings a different view of how AIDS has affected individuals. All that he relates is 98 percent true. This is a fascinating book that gives us a glimpse of Gallotta's life from 1985 through 1999. He candid in telling his stories, making you want to read more and more. On August 25, 1987 he wrote: "Bayard Rustin died yesterday. Every obituary I read mentioned that he was instrumental in helping Martin Luther King with his Civil Rights campaign in the early to mid 60s. None mentioned he was gay. You know they'd have said something if he were a child molester." And on November 20, 1994-"A bunch of us attended memorial services for Pedro Zamora today. Most wouldn't have gone except that the Rev. Fred Phelps had bombarded Center One with faxes: 'The Westboro Baptist Church will picket funeral of Famous MTV Fag Zamora: Filthy Face of Fag Evil.' I have difficulty understanding why that man is still alive. He and about four of his family members did in fact show up, and they were shouted down by about 1,000 activists who were howling for his blood."

Gallotta provides us with a memoir that is sometimes irreverent and sometimes wickedly funny. He tells the truth as no one is able to tell it, interviewing the icons of the heavy metal music world to talking with people struggling with AIDS in South Florida. He comes from a closeted life dominated by alcohol and drugs to that of a proud 'out' gay man in a loving, healthy, committed relationship raising a child. It is a beautiful book that tells stories that are only alluded to in the newspapers. It is a highly recommended book for everyone to read.

1092. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, volume 13, nos. 2, 3, and 4 April, June and August, 2001, edited by Francisco S. Sy. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. $60.00 per year individuals; $184.00 per year institutions. (Descriptors: Education; Prevention)

This outstanding journal continues to be a forum devoted to the publication of original contributions that highlight existing and theoretical models of AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation.

Issue number 2 contains: "Reducing Postrelease Risk Behavior among HIV Seropositive Prison Inmates: the Health Promotion Program;" "The Attitudes toward Women with HIV/AIDS Scale (ATWAS): Development and Validation;" "HIV Risk Behavior and HIV Testing: A Comparison of Rates and Associated Factors Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents in Two Cities;" "Preferences about the Characteristics of Future HIV Prevention Products among Men Who Have Sex with men;" "It's Not What You Know, But Who You Knew: Examining the Relationship between Behavior Change and AIDS Mortality in Africa;" and "HIV Risk Behavior and Risk-Related Characteristics of Young Russian Men Who Exchange Sex for Money or Valuables from Other Men."

Issue number 3 contains: "Factors Associated with HIV-Infected Women's Use or Intention to Use AZT During Pregnancy," "How Injection Drug Users Coped with Testing HIV-Seropositive: Implications for Subsequent Health-Related Behaviors;" "Public Reactions to People with HIV/AIDS in the Netherlands;" "A Street Intercept Survey to Assess HIV-Testing Attitudes and Behaviors;" "Women's HIV Transmission Risk Perceptions and Behaviors in the Era of Potent Antiretroviral Therapies;" "Consistent Condom Use with Different Types of Partners: Evidence from Two Nigerian Surveys;" "Developing Standards in Behavioral Surveillance for HIV/STD Prevention;" and "Low Impact of a Community-Wide HIV Testing and Counseling Program on Sexual Behavior in Rural Uganda."

Issue number 4 contains: "Awareness and Use of Untested Barrier Methods by HIV-Seropositive Gay and Bisexual Men;" "Test-Retest Reliability for Self-Reports of Sexual Behavior among Thai and Korean Respondents;" "The Role of community Consultants in Designing an HIV Prevention Intervention;" "Gender-Related Psychosocial and Cultural Factors Associated with Condom Use Among Chinese Married Women;" "Identifying the Motivations of African American Volunteers Working to Prevent HIV/AIDS;" "A Test of Two HIV Disclosure Theories;" "Support for Condom Availability and Needle Exchange Programs Among Massachusetts Adults, 1997;" and "Untangling the Impact of Sexual Abuse on HIV Risk Behaviors Among Youths in Foster Care."

This is a highly recommended publication for all health science and academic research libraries.

1093. Sexual Construction of Latino Youth: Implications for the Spread of HIV/AIDS, by Jacobo Schifter, Johnny Madigal. 2000. Haworth Hispanic/Latino Press/ Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 206p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7890-0884-X, 0-7890-0885-8pbk. $49.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Youth; Costa Rica; Sexual Behavior)

This book is the result of studies made in Costa Rica based on "a series of studies in various countries to explore the very real social and cultural contexts in which young people commence and sustain their sexual lives." It discusses why traditional approaches to sex education in Latin America are ineffective and demonstrates what culturally-minded steps need to be taken to teach these youths how to protect themselves. It discusses how the Roman Catholic Church stresses that condom use is immoral; how there is censorship by the media regarding premarital sex and AIDS-related topics; that there is no available sex education for the younger Latinos; that in Latin America, "fear, guilt, disgust, and shame are all used in an attempt to control a young persons' body and assure that all expressions of sexuality are directly related to procreation;" and that young people live at home and are expected to live their lives for their families, not for themselves.

This is an eye-opening book that should be available in all libraries that serve the Latino population. There will some objections voiced since it points out issues concerned with the Roman Catholic Church, the media, and the family. Unfortunately, those people cannot continue to keep their heads in the sand and say there is no problem. They will have to understand what the real facts are and not what Church doctrine dictates or traditional family values have been. Life is precious and much needs to be done to educate these people. The young people no the consequences but they are running into a blank wall when they cry out for help. This is a recommended book for all academic research libraries.

1094. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy: Innovations in Clinical and Applied Evidence-Based Herbal Medicinals, volume 1, no. 1, 2001. Pharmaceutical Products Press/Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. ISSN 1522-8940. $50.00 individuals; $75.00 institutions; $95.00 libraries. (Descriptors: Herbs; Pharmacotherapy)

This new journal is intended to help the health professionals be aware of cutting edge developments relating to herbal medicinals and their uses. It offers peer-reviewed, scientifically based articles and original research. This first issue has the following articles: "Evidence-Based Herbal Medicinal Use: A Platform for Scientific Inquiry," "The future of Botanical Drugs and the Rainforest," "Phytomedicine in the United Kingdom," "The Development of a Human Tissue Model to Determine the Effect of Plant-Derived Dietary Supplements on Prothrombin Time," "An Overview of Information Resources for Herbal Medicinals and Dietary Supplements," "Garlic: Its History and Adverse Effects," "Interaction Between Warfarin and a Vitamin K-Containing Nutritional Supplement: A Case Report," and "Soybeans as an Alternative to Hormone Replacement Therapy." A recommended journal for all health science and academic libraries.

1095. Representations of HIV and AIDS: Visibility Blue/s, by Gabriele Griffin. 2000. Manchester University Press, 175 Fifth Ave., Room 400, New York, NY 10010. 216p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7190-4710-2, 0-7190-4711-0pbk. $74.95, $29.95pbk. (Descriptors: Education; Literature; Art; Erotica)

From the beginning of this epidemic, representing AIDS to the rest of the world has been ongoing and in most cases very effective. The first crude paintings, drawings, or sketches were able to depict the horror of the disease without too many words or no words at all; just a visual representation that let the viewer determine what it meant. The first plays and movies were more explicit, playing on the ultimate death of the individual. Then in among all of these were the countless number of poems and essays written by those who were HIV positive or had full-blown AIDS. And, finally, there were the memoirs of lovers who lost their partners, writing about the disease and how it savagely took someone away whom they loved ever so much. Oh, yes, we must never forget The Quilt, which moves anyone who views it to tears and sorrow.

The interesting thing is that all of this visibility surrounding HIV and AIDS came to fruition in a very short time. It was a spontaneous effort that has never happened with another disease up to this time. The people it touched were moved to immediate action in order to vent their anger or calm their sorrow. As a result there is much to see and hear and Griffin has analyzed some of these representations in great detail. It is not the kind of book you curl up with and read page after page without going back and rereading. Instead, it is a book that has to be read slowly and the reread in order to understand fully what Griffin is saying. It is truly a scholarly work that other writers will want to read. Those in the arts and literature will find this a book full of tangents from which they can pursue their own analyses. It is a recommended book for all academic research libraries.

1096. Safer Sex: The New Morality, by Evelyn Lerman. 2000. Morning Glory Press, 6595 San Haroldo Way, Buena Park, CA 90620-3748. 240p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-885356-65-X, 1-885356-66-8pbk. $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Teenagers; Sexual Behavior; Health and Hygiene; Safe Sex; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Prevention; Sexual Ethics for Teenagers)

"Society has failed our young people." Lerman goes on from this first sentence in the preface to say that we basically have failed to give them the tools to protect themselves. He stresses that "People are sexual beings. They will have sex, even if unmarried, and it's our job to help them protect themselves from having abortions..." In the Netherlands, Germany, and France the discussion of sexual responsibility is at the top of the list in schools with sex education, condom and contraceptive access, and nonjudgmental attitudes from adults to protect sexual health. These strategies are working in those countries but in the United States we spend far too much time discussing the conflicts of teenage sex and end up with unwanted pregnancies, STDs, and AIDS.

This book deals "with the history and sociology of teen sexual behavior and the forces which seek to control it." It covers the topics of sexuality education/abstinence education; the role of religion; the role of the media; parents as sexuality educators; contraception, including abstinence; abortion; AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections; condoms in schools and other accessible locations; and effective strategies for preventing teen pregnancy and STDs. It compares the policies in the United States with those in Europe. "Finally, it will make recommendations promoting a new morality based on sexual respect, responsibility, and rights on the part of teens as well as on the part of the adults who must set the example for them."

If, as Lerman indicates, over 90 percent of marriages in the United States are not virginal marriages, how did the United States allow a small but vocal minority to influence public policy mandating abstinence until marriage for many federal-funded youth programs? This book will certainly open the eyes of anyone who reads it, and it should be read by everyone who has an interest in the well being of our teenagers. As Barbara Huberman of the Advocates for Youth states: "Is it not immoral to deny young people the information, skills, and services they need to become responsible, respectful sexual human beings? Is it not immoral to place their lives in jeopardy because they choose to have intimate sexual relations and don't know what they need to protect themselves and their partners? Is it not immoral of our society-our government-to value ignorance and fear-based tactics and to promote guilt and shame in order to try to control behavior? Is it not immoral to disenfranchise and disempower young people who could and would make wise and responsible decisions about sex because we are uncomfortable or see only our point of view?"

This is a small book full of advice and recommendations that make sense. It is balanced with views from all sides so that you can judge what is right for yourself, or at least what is right for you. The bottom line, however, is what is right for our teenagers. We owe them all the knowledge we have about having a healthy sex life and being able to protect themselves from pregnancy and disease. We have to stop being prudes, stop hiding behind "The Book," stop listening to the religious minority, and stop passing ridiculous laws that push our teenagers farther back into the dark age of understanding sex. This is a highly recommended book, especially for school and public libraries. It will make many people angry and some will request it be removed from the library shelves. The fact remains, however, that they are hurting our young people and making society spend more and more on the caring of unwanted children or treating the young people for diseases that could be prevented.

1097. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Sourcebook, 2nd edition edited by Dawn D. Matthews. 2001. Omnigraphics, 615 Griswold St., Detroit, MI 48226. 521p., bibliog., index. (Health Reference Series). ISBN 0-7808-0249-7. $78.00. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Popular Works)

There are now more than 20 STDs that have been identified which affect more than 13 million men and women in the United States each year. No one is exempt but nearly two-thirds of all STDs occur in people younger than 25 years of age. Society can be blamed for this high number through its reluctance to talk about sex and its consequences in diseases. Religion can be blamed for trying to be too rigid in its interpretation of The Book. Parents can be blamed for not talking openly with their children about sex. Sexuality is part of life but with it comes the dangers of disease. There are, however, ways to prevent disease and there are ways to treat most of the diseases.

This excellent sourcebook provides information about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of most sexually transmitted diseases including chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis, herpes, HIV, mononucleosis, syphilis, and others. It also provides information on prevention issues, such as condom use, vaccines, and STD education with part of the book specifically covering STDs in young people. This is a book for young people and the layperson. It is written in non-technical language but it is still accurate and provides current information. A good glossary is included as well as a list of resources for additional information about STDs. This is a highly recommended book, part of the Health Reference Series that includes many other sourcebooks on other topics. This is an especially important book for all school and public libraries.


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Last updated 09/21/2001
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