AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 65

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 65-September/October/November, 2001


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1098. Radiology of AIDS: A Practical Approach, edited by J. W. A. J. Reeders, P. C. Goodman.
1099. Bisexuality in the Lives of Men: Facts and Fictions, edited by Brett Beemyn, Erich Steinman.
1100. Sex, Sin and Suffering: Venereal Disease and European Society since 1870, edited by Roger Davidson, Lesley A. Hall.
1101. Evaluating HIV/AIDS Treatment Programs: Innovative Methods and Findings, edited by G. J. Huba, Lisa A. Melchior, Vivian B. Brow, Trudy A. Larson, A. T. Panter.
1102. Using Literature to Help Troubled Teenagers Cope with Health Issues, edited by Cynthia Ann Bowman.
1103. Transgender and HIV: Risks, Prevention, and Care, edited by Walter Bockting, Sheila Kirk.
1104. Chemokine Receptors and AIDS, edited by Thomas R. O'Brien.
1105. HIV/AIDS Annual Update 2001, edited by John P. Phair, Edward King.
1106. Person with HIV/AIDS: Nursing Perspectives, 3rd edition edited by Jerry D. Durham, Felissa R. Lashley.
1107. Killing Us Quietly: Native Americans and HIV/AIDS, by Irene S. Vernon.
1108. Guide to Living with HIV Infection: Developed at the Johns Hopkins AIDS Clinic, 5th edition by John G. Bartlett, Ann K. Finkbeiner.
1109. Handbook of HIV/AIDS Nursing, by Carl A. Kirton, Dorothy Talotta, Kenneth Zwolski.

1098. Radiology of AIDS, edited by R. W. A. J. Reeders, P. C. Goodman. 2001. Springer-Verlag, PO Box 19386, Newark, NJ 07195-9386. 334p., illus. (part in color), bibliog., index. (Medical Radiology: Diagnostic Imaging). ISBN 3-540-66510-2. $169.00. (Descriptors: Imaging; Radiography).

The use of radiology has been an increasingly more important tool in diagnosing many of the diseases associated with AIDS. This book is the result of discussions that began at a meeting of the Radiological Society of North America in Chicago. The goal "was to provide a source of concise yet thorough, easily read, and amply illustrated material that would be useful to practicing clinicians and radiologists whether they reside in central Africa, western Europe, North America, or other parts of the globe where AIDS exists." Radiology of AIDS serves as a resource for diagnosis and treatment as well as a reminder that HIV remains a significant public health risk. It is a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge about radiological imaging features in AIDS.

There are 18 chapters, each authored by noted researchers, covering a wide range of topics, including pathological patterns of AIDS, chest radiology of AIDS, Musculoskeletal imaging in AIDS, Pediatric AIDS imaging, AIDS in the tropics, AIDS-related interventional procedures, and different radiological patterns in AIDS. The text is concise with numerous references and crisp, clear illustrations. Each chapter has its own table of contents, and is concluded with an extensive list of references. The last chapter, "Different Radiologic Patterns in AIDS at a Glance," is especially useful for those wanting a quick look at the radiologic patterns. For each organism/disease, in chart format, is listed the organ involved, radiologic abnormality, extent of disease, and differential diagnosis. A detailed index helps to locate specific bits of information. This is a highly recommended title for all medical libraries.

1099. Bisexuality in the Lives of Men: Facts and Fictions, edited by Brett Beemyn, Erich Steinman. 2001. Harrington Park Press/Haworth, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 216p., illus., bibliog., index. (Journal of Bisexuality, v.1, no. 2-3, 2001). ISBN 1-56023-147-5, 1-56023-148-3pbk. $49.95, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Bisexual Men; Social Conditions; Attitudes; Public Opinion).

There is very little known about male bisexuality in the United States resulting in many myths and fictions. There is far more written about female bisexuality than male bisexuality. There is a lack of information about male bisexual behavior and how this has impacted on the social aspects of these individuals. The editors have brought together a collection of essays with the primary goal "to offer researchers, theorists, and more general readers new information and perspectives about male bisexuality through rigorously analytical, yet accessible, essays." "Even the simplest definition of bisexuality-emotional, sensual, and sexual involvement with or attraction to both men and women-is premised on notions that are not reflective of some bisexuals' experiences and sensibilities." These essays provide a range of behaviors and identities that hopefully will make bisexual men better understood.

After an introductory chapter that outlines the purpose of these essays the six chapters delve into: "Interpreting the Invisibility of Male Bisexuality: Theories, Interactions, Politics," "Make Me a Map: Bisexual Men's Images of Bisexual Community," "Male Bisexuality and HIV Risk," "Bi-Negativity: The Stigma Facing Bisexual men," "Writing Our Own Script: How Bisexual Men and Their Heterosexual Wives Maintain Their Marriages After Disclosure," and "The Married Man On-Line." These are well written essays that provide a unique insight of the lives of bisexual men. This is a must book for those who are having difficulty in coping with the feelings of being bisexual. It is a highly recommended book for all academic libraries and would be appropriate for large public libraries.

1100. Sex, Sin and Suffering: Venereal Disease and European Society since 1870, edited by Roger Davidson, Lesley A. Hall. 2001. Routledge, 29 West 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 259p., illus., bibliog., index. (Routledge Studies in the Social History of Medicine, no. 11). ISBN 0-415-23444-1. $85.00. (Descriptors: Venereal Diseases; Europe; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Prostitution).

Venereal Disease (VD) has played a key role in mankind's social and cultural history of modern civilization. "Not only has it been significant in shaping and articulating perceptions of sexuality generally, it has also provided a rich field for the study of the state's response to perceived threats to public health occasioned by what were deemed to be inappropriate and dangerous forms of sexual and gender behaviour." The sociological studies of VD can be found in all areas of historical studies where social conditions affect the history of mankind. This book does not merely provide a set of narrative histories of VD policy in the various countries, but tries to provide comparative perspectives, patterns of continuity and change, and an insight into how VD "both reflected and shaped social attitudes to sexuality and social relationships."

The individual chapters cover: "Syphilis and Prostitution: A regulatory Couplet in Nineteenth-Century France," "Passing the Black Judgment: Swedish Social Policy on Venereal Disease in the Early Twentieth Century," "The Shadow of Contagion: Gender, Syphilis and the Regulation of Prostitution in the Netherlands, 1870-1914," "Doctors, Social Medicine and VD in Late-Nineteenth-Century and Early-Twentieth-Century Spain," "The Fatherland Is in Danger, Save the Fatherland: Venereal Disease, Sexuality and Gender in Imperial and Weimar German," "Vision of Sexual Health and Illness in Revolutionary Russia," "Venereal Diseases and Society in Britain, from the Contagious Diseases Acts to the National Health Service," "The Thorns of Love: Sexuality, Syphilis and Social Control in Modern Italy," "Public Health, Venereal Disease and Colonial Medicine in the Later Nineteenth Century," "Health and Empire: Britain's National Campaign to Combat Venereal Diseases in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Singapore," "Venereal Disease, Sexuality and Society in Uganda," "Women, Venereal Disease and the Control of Female Sexuality in Post-War Hamburg," "The Price of the Permissive Society: The Epidemiology and Control of VD and STDs in Late-Twentieth-Century Scotland," and "Sexually Transmitted Disease Policy in the English National Health Service, 1948-2000: Continuity and Social Change."

These are interesting essays that are very scholarly. Each has an extensive list of references and a brief index aids in locating specific bits of information. "This wide-ranging and illuminating book will be an invaluable resource for researchers in a number of disciplines including history, history of medicine, social policy, welfare, gender and sexuality, politics, and cultural studies." It is a recommended book for all academic libraries.

1101. Evaluating HIV/AIDS Treatment Programs: Innovative Methods and Findings, edited by G. J. Huba, Lisa A. Melchior, Vivian B. Brown, Trudy A. Larson, A. T. Panter. 2000. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 272p., illus., bibliog., index. (Drugs and Society, v. 16, no. 1-2, 2000). ISBN 0-7890-1190-5, 0-7890-1191-3pbk. $49.95, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Patient Care; Patient Services; Community Health Services)

The papers in this book are from those prepared by the Health Resources and Services Administration Special Projects of National Significance Cooperative Agreement. One group of papers cover six programs of Community Based Organizations that "share as a central theme the goal of providing high-quality care for individuals with HIV who belong to groups that are traditionally underserved because of linguistic, cultural, racial, and economic barriers that prevent their full integration into the traditional hospital-based service system." The other group of papers includes "projects that developed specialized medical care models within the context of a continuum of services in a medical clinic." The key theme of all of the papers is evaluation and the innovative methods that are used in evaluation. Any treatment program needs to be continually evaluated to determine if it is effective. These 13 papers cover this topic and are offered for others to consider and adapt.

The 13 papers are: "A National Program of AIDS Care Projects and Their Cross-Cutting Evaluation: The HRSA SPNS Cooperative Agreements," "Conceptual Issues in Implementing and Using Evaluation in the Real World Setting of a Community-Based Organization for HIV/AIDS Services," "Lessons Learned in Reducing Barriers to Care: Reflections from the Community Perspective," "Integrating and Utilizing Evaluation in Comprehensive HIV Care Programs," "A Continuum of Care Model for Adolescents Living with HIV: Larkin Street Youth Center," "Drug and Alcohol Use Among Boston's Haitian Community: A Hidden Problem Unveiled by CCHER's Enhanced Innovative Case Management Program," "The Fortune Society's Latin Discharge Planning: A Model of Comprehensive Care for HIV-Positive Ex-Offenders," "The Impact of an Intervention Program for HIV-Positive Women on Well-Being, Substance use, Physical Symptoms, and Depression," "Practical Issues in Evaluating a Self-Structured Psychosocial and Medical Support Program for Women with HIV/AIDS: PROTOTYPES WomensLink, a Community-Based Organization," "Substance Abuse and Health Services Utilization Among Women in Comprehensive HIV Program," "Issues in Implementing and Evaluating a Managed Care Home Health Care System for HIV/AIDS: Visiting Nurse Association Foundation of Los Angeles," "Injection Drug Use (IDU) Related Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Rural Vermont: A Comparison with Non-IDU Related Infections," and "Evaluation of Status and Progression of HIV Disease: Use of a Computerized Medical Module."

This is a recommended book for all academic libraries.

1102. Using Literature to Help Troubled Teenagers Cope with Health Issues, edited by Cynthia Ann Bowman. 2000. Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 313p., bibliog., index. (Greenwood Press "Using Literature to Help Troubled Teenagers" Series). ISBN 0-313-30531-5. $39.95. (Descriptors: Bibliotherapy for Teenagers; Teenager Diseases; Young Adult Literature; Secondary Study and Teaching).

Teenagers have a difficult time in coping with their health, whether it is a life threatening disease or the loss of a limb through an accident. Each student has his or her own way of coping. One common thread, however, is that many of the students "found strength, wisdom, or comfort in the pages of a book, escaping from pain, fear, and anger through literature. Good literature that gives adolescents the truth has incredible power to heal and renew." Poor health interferes with learning and good health helps the individual to learn better. The advancement of medicine has solved many of the traditional health problems. However, the world of technology in which we live has created many new behavior-related problems, including motor vehicle accidents, substance abuse, eating disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, depression, and gun-related violence. Teenagers are constantly bombarded with a multitude of emotional problems, presenting challenges to those who treat these individuals.

This book provides recommended readings for teenagers who are faced with these emotional challenges. Each chapter covers a different medical challenge, beginning with a discussion of all aspects of the challenge, which cover birth defects, sensory impairments, cancer, diabetes, ADHD, mental health, depression, eating disorders, anorexia, HIV/AIDS, alcoholism, and Alzheimer's. Each chapter discusses one or two of the books listed in the recommended reading, pointing out how someone else has coped with the disease or impairment. This is followed with activities, issues for the therapist, and exercises.

This is an exceptional book that is highly recommended for all libraries.

1103. Transgender and HIV: Risks, Prevention, and Care, edited by Walter Bockting, Sheila Kirk. 2001. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 181p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7890-1267-7, 0-7890-1268-5pbk. $49.95, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Transsexuals)

Note: "All chapters, with the exception of Chapter 2, were previously published online in a special issue of the International Journal of Transgenerism, 3(1-2), 1999. <222.symposion.com/ijt>. Reprinted with permission of Symposion Publishing."

The impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the transgender community has been largely ignored until recently. In 1995 transgender-specific HIV risks and prevention needs received national attention at the 17th National Lesbian and Gay Health Conference/13th Annual AIDS/HIV Forum hosted by the University of Minnesota Program in Human Sexuality. This meeting provided the impetus to begin "building trust among communities, researchers, and policy-makers; conducting multisite, epidemiological studies of HIV prevalence; developing prevention programming not limited to sex workers; empowering the transgender community; and fostering international collaboration." From 1995 until 1999 several reports were prepared and published online. These reports make up the present volume.

The 11 reports cover: "Sex, Drugs, and the Culture of Travestismo in Rio de Janeiro," "Transgenders, HIV/AIDS, and Substance Abuse: From Risk Group to Group Prevention," "Transgender Health and Social Service Needs in the Context of HIV Risk," "HIV Risk Behaviors of Male-to-Female Transgenders in a Community-Based Harm Reduction Program," "HIV Prevention and Health Service Needs of the Transgender Community in San Francisco," "HIV/AIDS and Female-to-Male Transsexuals and Transvestites: Results from a Needs Assessment in Quebec," "Education and soul-Searching: The Enterprise HIV Prevention Group," "Transgender HIV Prevention: Community Involvement and Empowerment," "Sex, Truth, and Videotape: HIV Prevention at the Gender Identity Project in New York City," "Sex Reassignment Surgery in HIV-Positive Transsexuals," and "Guidelines for Selecting HIV-Positive Patients for Genital Reconstructive Surgery."

This is a recommended book for all academic and health science libraries.

1104. Chemokine Receptors and AIDS, edited by Thomas R. O'Brien. 2002. Marcel Dekker, 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 260p., illus., bibliog., index. (Infectious Disease and Therapy). ISBN 0-8247-0636-6. $135.00. (Descriptors: Chemokine Receptors; Genetics; Infectious Diseases; Therapies)

"The past few years have seen dramatic advances in our understanding of how human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) enters cells. Chemokines (chemoatractant cytokines) and chemokine receptors form a complex system that is essential to inflammation." By studying the roles played by chemokines, chemokine receptors, and human genetic variability, scientists are discovering new therapeutic options for HIV-1 infected patients. The current "cocktail" therapies have provided dramatic improvements in patient survival but more research is needed to combat the resistance to the drugs that has developed in some patients. This book provides a comprehensive, yet comprehensible, review of recent seminal work in research associated with chemokine receptors.

The first four chapters provide background information on chemokines and chemokine receptor interactions and functions. The next three chapters discuss human genetics and AIDS and the last five chapters outline the therapeutic implications of this research. This is a highly technical book and intended for virologists, epidemiologist, and clinicians specializing in AIDS. It is highly recommended for all health science libraries.

1105. HIV/AIDS Annual Update 2001, edited by John P. Phair, Edward King, incorporating the Proceedings of the 11th Annual Clinical Care Options for HIV Symposium, Laguna Niguel, CA, May 31-June 3, 2001. 2001., MedOptions, LLC, 221 East Main St., Milford, MA 01757. 166p., illus., bibliog. free. Available online at http://hiv.medscape.com/update2001. (Descriptors: Review)

This is an excellent, easy-to-read, review of HIV/AIDS for 2001. The eleven chapters cover: "Immunopathogenesis of HIV Infection," "Viral Pathogenesis: Mechanisms of Persistence," "Antiretroviral Therapy: Starting, Continuing, and Fixing," "Making Sense of Resistance Testing," "Clinical Significance of Antiretroviral Drug Levels," "Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Step by Step," "Metabolic Complications of Antiretroviral Therapy," "Liver Disease and Antiretroviral Therapy," "New Agents for Anti-HIV Therapy," "Management of HIV Infection in Injection-Drug Users," and "Fighting the Epidemic at Ground Zero." There is a very useful appendix that provides a "Quick Guide to Antiretrovirals. This is a recommended book for all health science libraries.

1106. Person with HIV/AIDS: Nursing Perspectives, 3rd edition edited by Jerry D. Durham, Felissa R. Lashley. 2000. Springer Publishing Co., 536 Broadway, New York, NY 10012-3955. 597p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8261-1293-5. $49.95. (Descriptors: Nursing; HIV Infection)

This is an update of the 2nd edition published in 1991. There is still no vaccine but clinical trials are now being conducted. There are, however, many new drugs that have extended and improved the lives of many thousands of HIV-infected persons. Unfortunately there is an ever-widening gap between the rich and the poor of the world when it comes to providing these new drugs. HIV is still running rampant in the developing world. It is estimated that 30.6 million individuals are infected with HIV worldwide with over two-thirds of these living in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Nurses continue to pay a key role in providing expert, compassionate care to HIV-infected persons. HIV/AIDS content has been incorporated into their curricula and there are established graduate programs in HIV/AIDS nursing.

This excellent book provides a nursing perspective in the management of persons with HIV/AIDS. It is well written, extensively referenced, and intended to update the knowledge needed by the nurses. Fourteen chapters cover the basics of the etiology, epidemiology, transmission, and natural history of HIV infection and AIDS to pathogenesis, prevention, wellness, clinical treatment, symptom management, and infection control to testing and counseling, case management, infection in women, disease in children, minority infection, and ethical and legal dimensions. This is a recommended book for all academic and health science libraries and would, also, be appropriate for large urban public libraries.

1107. Killing Us Quietly: Native Americans and HIV/AIDS, by Irene S. Vernon. 2001. University of Nebraska Press, 233 North 8th St., Lincoln, NE 68588-0255. 147p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8032-4668-4, 0-8032-9624-Xpbk. $35.00, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Indians of North America; Health Risk Assessment; Health and Hygiene; Medical Care; Patients)

This is one of the first books that discusses HIV/AIDS and the Native Americans. Until now, the Native Americans were not recognized as having a real problem with HIV/AIDS. Unfortunately, many of the young natives are now gone because of this disastrous disease. Vernon has followed this plight and written many articles. She has been proactive in publishing brochures that were distributed to the reservations. This book is a result of her ongoing interest in studying HIV/AIDS in the Native American communities. It is an extremely well written book that is understandable by the educated layperson. The first three chapters cover HIV/AIDS in men, women and youth. The last chapter outlines Native American Prevention. Also included is a resource guide that provides a listing of Native American AIDS videos, organizations and tribal health offices, other organizations, annual conference, and Web sites. This is a much-needed book that should be provided to all government agencies that provide funding and research on HIV/AIDS. It is a highly recommended book for all academic and health science libraries.

1108. Guide to Living with HIV Infection, 5th edition by John G. Bartlett, Ann K. Finkbeiner. 2001. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 North Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218-4363. 428p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8018-6743-6, 0-8018-5644-4pbk. $47.00, $16.95pbk. (Descriptors: Popular Works)

Since 1991 this book has been an excellent guide for those who are HIV positive. It has been given excellent reviews in earlier issues of the AIDS Book Review Journal and this edition continues to carry on as a highly recommended book for all libraries including the individual libraries of HIV positive individuals. It covers everything from understanding and communicating about HIV, prevention, treatment, emotional aspects, complications and dementia to medical options, alternative medicine, legal aspects, preparing for death, tactics for preserving mental health, and what is ahead.

1109. Handbook of HIV/AIDS Nursing by Carl A. Kirton, Dorothy Talotta, Kenneth Zwolski. 2001. Mosby, 11830 Westline Industrial Drive, St. Louis, MO 63146. 535p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-323-00336-2. $29.95. (Descriptors: Nursing)

"This book was written to provide nurses with a portable reference for information essential to the nursing care of clients infected with HIV. It provides concise but thorough discussions of HIV/AIDS nursing in the ambulatory setting, the acute care setting, and the home. It also includes discussions of various opportunistic infections and of special topics that sometimes arise when the nurse is providing care to these clients." Six units cover: "Introduction to HIV: Immunopathogenesis and Clinical Testing," "Ambulatory Nursing Care of Clients with HIV/AIDS," "Acute Care Nursing of Clients with HIV/AIDS," "Home Care Nursing of Clients with HIV/AIDS," "Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS," and "Special Topics in HIV/AIDS."

Each unit consists of several chapters covering specific aspects of that unit. Extensive references are included. At the end of each Unit are "Frequently Asked Questions" with general answers. Tucked away in the center of the book is a list of HIV/AIDS medications, which gives a picture of the medication, brand and generic names, usual regimen, common side effects, and important nursing considerations. The individual chapter discussions are excellent and comprehensive, providing a wealth of information for the nurse and easily located through the detailed table of contents or the index. This is a highly recommended book for all health science libraries and should be a personal "Bible" for those in the nursing profession serving HIV/AIDS individuals.


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Last updated 11/29/2001
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