The AIDS Education and Prevention journal provides state-of-the-art information about AIDS and related issues. "This journal will serve as a forum devoted to the publication of original contributions that highlight existing and theoretical models of AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation. It will also cover various public health, psychosocial, ethical, and public, and public policy issues related to AIDS education and prevention."
Volume 14, no. 1, February, 2002 includes the following articles: "The Specificity of Maternal Disclosure of HIV/AIDS in Relation to Children's Adjustment," by Sheri B. Kirshenbaum, Jeffrey S. Nevid; "HIV-Positive Notification and Behavior Changes in Montreal Injection Drug Users," by Susan B. Brogl, Julie Bruneau, Francois Lamothe, Jean Vincelette, Eduardo L. Franco; "Effects of Fatalism and Family Communication on HIV/AIDS Awareness Variations in Native American and Anglo Parents and Children," by Juan R. Ramirez, William D. Crano, Ryan Quist, Michael Burgoon, Eusebio M. Alvaro, Joseph Grandpre; "Risk Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States: A Comparison of an Internet Sample and a Conventional Outreach Sample," by Scott D. Rhodes, Ralph J. DiClemente, Heather Cecil, Kenneth C. Hergenrather, Leland J. Yee; "Internet Use Among People Living with HIV/AIDS: Association of Health Information, Health Behaviors, and Health Status," by Seth C. Kalichman, Eric G. Benotsch, Lance S. Weinhardt, James Austin, Webster Luke; "Understanding Gender Differences in Condom Use Self-Efficacy among Youth in Urban Cameroon," by Dominique Meekers, Megan Klein; and "Correlates of HIV Risk Among Ecuadorian Adolescents," by Ina U. Park, Carl D. Sneed, Donald E. Morisky, Susana Alvear, Norman Hearst.
Volume 14, no. 2, April, 2002 includes the following articles: "Acceptance of HIV Testing and Counseling Among Unmarried Young Adults in Northern Thailand," by Chuleeporn Jiraphongsa, Wanna Danmoensawat, Sander Greenland, Ralph Frerichs, Taweesap Siraprapasiri, Deborah C. Glik, Roger Detels; "Reasons for not Using Condoms Among Female Sex Workers in Indonesia," by Endang Basuki, Ivan Wolffers, Walter Deville, Noni Erlaini, Dorang Luhpuri, Rachmat Hargono, Nuning Maskuri, Nyoman Suesen, Nel van Beelen; "HIV Prevention Services in Correctional Drug Treatment Programs: Do They Change Risk Behaviors?," by Rebecca A. Ballard Lubelczyk, Peter D. Friedmann, Stephenie C. Lemon, Michael D. Stein, Dean R. Gerstein; "Needle Exchange: How the Meanings Ascribed to Needles Impact Exchange Practices and Policies," by Carol J. Strik, Ted Myers, Margaret Millson; "Holding the Line with a Watchful Eye: The Impact of Perceived Parental Permissiveness and Parental Monitoring on Risky Sexual Behavior Among Adolescents in Psychiatric Care," by Geri R. Donenberg, Helen W. Wilson, Erin Emerson, Fred B. Bryant; "A Validation and Reduced Form of the Female Condom Attitudes Scale," by Torsten B. Neilands, Kyung-Hee Choi; and "Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Brief HIV Knowledge Questionnaire," by Michael P. Carey, Kerstin E. E. Schroder.
1126. 6000 A Day: Account of a Catastrophe Foretold, a film by Philip Brooks. 2001. First Run/Icarus Films, 32 Court St., 21st floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201. Video, 55 minutes, color. (www.frif.com; email: firstname.lastname@example.org) (Descriptors: Political Issues; Social Issues)
This film encapsulates the international reaction, or rather the lack thereof, to the AIDS crisis since its discovery, and examines the social, political, and economic barriers that have obstructed a concerted worldwide public health response to the epidemic. Through contemporary interviews and the presentation of historic video footage, Philip Brooks traces the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa and the West. The film condemns the inadequate reactions of western and African governments, which ignored the crisis and allowed stereotypes to dominate public discussion about HIV/AIDS, most notably Ronald Reagan's refusal to use the work AIDS for several years of his presidency. This film lays bare the negligence of official response, which helped the spread of the disease. Interviews with national leaders from UN, NGOs, public health organizations, and pharmaceutical companies make this film an extremely well balanced investigation of the historic and present day condition of the AIDS crisis. 6000 A Day also deals with grass roots movements in Uganda and with specific members of ACTUP in the U. S. who, through tireless effort and tremendous personal sacrifice, helped bring greater AIDS awareness to the public. 6000 A Day is great in scope, and accomplishes the difficult feat of succinctly chronicling the worldwide reaction to the AIDS crisis since it was first isolated. Sound and video quality are both very good, despite the inclusion of several video sources from several different years. The credits are somewhat difficult to read due to blurriness. (reviewed by Steve Brantley, Resident Librarian, University of Illinois at Chicago Richard J. Daley Library)
1127. It's My Life, a film by Brian Tilley. 2001. First Run/Icarus Films, 32 Court St., 21st floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201. Video, 72 minutes, color. (www.frif.com; email: email@example.com .$375.00; $100.00rental. (Descriptors: Personal Account; Political Aspects)
It's My Life is a portrait of Zackie Achmat, a South African activist and person with HIV. Zackie is the Chairperson of the activist group Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), speaking on behalf of the poor and disenfranchised South Africans with HIV/AIDS. Antiretroviral medications, which allow people with HIV to live practically normal lives, are not being made available through the public health care facilities in South Africa which effectively denies care and ultimately life to the majority of poor people suffering from high rates of infection. The current (2001) South African president, Thabo Mbeki, has even questioned the link between HIV and AIDS. TAC and Zackie Achmat battle this injustice in the courts and in the media, but Zackie takes his protest a step further. Despite his privileged economic position, (if necessary Zackie could get antiretrovirals) Zackie refuses to take these medications as a protest to the government's negligence.
It's My Life follows Zackie Achmat for five months during the course of his celebrated campaign against the South African government. In this particular episode of this struggle, Zackie is in the ironic position of petitioning the court to be an ally of the government in a suit being brought by the pharmaceutical companies. It's My Life attempts to straddle the line between news documentary and personal biographic portrait, the results of which are flaws in each mode of presentation. The political action and the delivery of coherent, in-depth information suffers from a lack of organization so that it is hard to follow the progress of TAC's goals. In addition, the filmmaker seemed to have access only to Zackie so that all of the information is filtered through what Zackie tells us or through what we can glean from sloppy videotaping of a television broadcast in his apartment. We see him talking in the phone or giving interviews, but rarely do we get an opportunity learn more about the issue and the struggle that make up the setting for the film's narrative flow. On the other hand, the fact that we are being presented a personal portrait softens the reportage requirement of the political component of the film. This video is an interesting introduction to a pointed political issue in South Africa and the World, and underscores the grass roots activism that continues to be necessary for proper advocacy of people with HIV/AIDS. Unfortunately, the personal portrait of this political person results in a stilted and contrived attempt to show the inner world of someone who seems more comfortable showing us a public face. (reviewed by Steve Brantley, Resident Librarian, University of Illinois at Chicago Richard J. Daley Library)
1128. Glory Goes and Gets Some: Stories, by Emily Carter. 2000. Coffee House Press, 27 North 4th St., Ste. 400, Minneapolis, MN 55401. 239p. ISBN 1-56689-101-9. $20.95. (Descriptors: Young Women; Drug Use; Fiction; Narcotic Addicts; Rehabilitation; HIV-Positive Women; Minnesota)
This is a "streetwise and sardonic look at sex, HIV, addiction, and recovery." The stories were originally published in The New Yorker. These are stories about the twelve-step recovery program for chemical addictors. Even though this program has its faults, it did work for Glory. Carter has done a remarkable job in tracing "one woman's journey from town houses on Park Avenue and apartments on the Lower East Side, to Minnesota's recovery community of boarding-houses in blighted urban neighborhoods and well-funded treatment centers in bucolic pastures." A recommended book for public and college libraries.
1129. HIV/AIDS and Children in the English Speaking Caribbean, edited by Barbara A. Dicks. 2001. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 174p., bibliog.., index. (Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention & Education for Adolescents and Children, v. 4, no. 2/3, 2001). ISBN 0-7890-1441-6, 0-7890-1442-4pbk. $44.95; $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Children; Caribbean)
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Caribbean is second in magnitude to that in Sub-Saharan Africa. It has been estimated that some 500,000 people in the Caribbean were living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2000. During 1999 it was estimated that 780 to 1,170 infants were infected with HIV via mother-to-child transmission. This has resulted in a high rate of infant mortality. Care and support for adolescents and children living with HIV/AIDS is a major challenge when few of the Caribbean countries have orphanages for these individuals where there is still stigma and discrimination to the disease. This book is intended to break the silence about AIDS in the Caribbean and focus attention on the issues, needs, perspectives, policies, research, and responses to the epidemic.
After a short introduction there are 10 articles that are well-written and researched by individuals who have a sincere interest in educating the populations globally regarding HIV/AIDS and its impact on adolescents and children. The 10 articles are: "HIV/AIDS-Challenging a Monster," "HIV/AIDS in Caribbean Children and Adolescents," "Social and Demographic Factors Affecting the HIV Infected Children in Barbados," "Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Practice Among the HIV Infected Women with Repeated Childbirths in Barbados," "Psychocultural Factors Associated with HIV Infection among Trinidad and Tobago Adolescents," "Residential Care for Children with HIV/AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago," "Developing a Theory-Based, Culturally Sensitive Intervention for Adolescents: The Antigua School Project," "Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior and HIV Knowledge of Kingston's Street Boys," "Popular Music and Sexual Behavior Among Female Adolescents in Jamaica-A case: Control Study," and "School-Based HIV/AIDS Education in Grenada."
This is a recommended book for all academic and health science libraries.
1130. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with HIV/AIDS, by American Psychiatric Association. 2000. American Psychiatric Association, 1400 K St., NW, Washington, DC 20005. 120p. ISBN 0-89042-318-0; ISSN 1067-8743. $29.50. (Descriptors: Treatment; Psychosocial issues)
"This practice guideline seeks to summarize data and specific forms of treatment regarding the care of patients with HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this guideline is to assist the psychiatrist in caring for a patient with HIV/AIDS." The first part presents background information and treatment recommendations for patients with HIV/AIDS, including disease definition, epidemiology, natural history, treatment plans, and clinical and environmental features that influence treatment. The second part is a review and synthesis of available evidence-"Data regarding prevention for individuals at high risk for HIV infection" and "Data regarding psychiatric treatments for individuals with HIV infection." The last part discusses future research needs. A list of 473 references is given as well as a list of HIV/AIDS electronic resources. This is a very useful source that practicing physicians should be aware of and a needed book for all academic and health science libraries.
1131. Cannabis Therapeutics in HIV/AIDS, edited by Ethan Russo. 2001. Haworth Integrative Healing Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 230p., index. (Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, v. 1, nos. 3-4, 2001). ISBN 0-7890-1698-2, 0-7890-1699-0pbk. $44.95, $24.95pbk (Descriptors: Complications; Treatment; Marijuana; Cannabis; Drug Therapy)
The therapeutic use of cannabis or marijuana has been debated over and over. Laws are on the books banning its use and making it illegal to possess. However, there are increasingly more studies where HIV/AIDS sufferers are seen to benefit from using this drug. This collection of articles in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics provides a closer examination of the issues surrounding the use of cannabis as a therapeutic drug.
The editor, Ethan Russo, has written numerous peer-reviewed articles on ethnobotany, herbal medicine, and cannabis. He has edited 12 interesting articles by numerous researchers who are looking at the use of cannabis as a therapeutic medicine. These are well-written articles, many with extensive references. They include: "Therapeutic Cannabis (Marijuana) as an Antiemetic and Appetite Stimulant in Persons with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome," "Medical Marijuana and the AIDS Crisis," "Marijuana Use in HIV-Positive and AIDS Patients," Differential Effects of Medical Marijuana Based on Strain and Route of Administration," "Marijuana and Cannabinoids: Effects on Infections, Immunity, and AIDS," "Effects of Smoked Marijuana on the Lung and Its Immune Defenses," "Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts," "Harm Reduction Associated with Inhalation and Oral Administration of Cannabis and THC," "Cannabis Vaporization," "Analgesic and Reinforcing Properties," and "Prospects for New Cannabis-Based Prescription Medicines."
This is a recommended book for all academic and health science libraries.
1132. HIV and AIDS: A Global View, edited by Karen McElrath. 2002. Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 290p., bibliog.., index. (A World View of Social Issues). ISBN 0-313-31403-9. $49.95. (Descriptors: Cross-Cultural Studies)
It has been reported that an estimated 36.1 million persons are living with HIV and that approximately 21.8 million persons have died from AIDS-related illnesses (as of the end of 2000, reported by UNAIDS/WHO 2000). "This volume addresses HIV and AIDS and the related social health challenges that we face as a result of the pandemic." It provides a detailed account of 15 different countries, highlighting issues that include the history of HIV and AIDS, prevalence, incidence, and modes of transmission; stigma faced by persons living with HIV and AIDS; available treatment; government responses to HIV and AIDS; and the role of nongovernmental organizations. The countries covered are: Australia, Brazil, Central and Eastern Europe, China, Haiti, Ireland, Kenya and Uganda, Mexico, The Netherlands, Spain, Sub-Saharan Africa, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States.
These are very readable accounts and include graphs, charts, and extensive bibliographies. Each chapter is arranged in the same way so that comparisons between countries are easy. "This worldview will help students and scholars to think critically about how building a better understanding of how a specific social issue is viewed and handled worldwide can help build a better world community." This is a recommended book for public, academic, and health science libraries.
1133. AIDS Vaccine Research, edited by Flossie Wong-Staal, Robert C. Gallo. 2002. Marcel Dekker, 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 342p., bibliog.., index. ISBN 0-8247-0645-5. $165.00. (Descriptors: Vaccines)
Developing a vaccine for AIDS has been met with many obstacles. Researchers are still debating about what a vaccine must accomplish: should it completely prevent HIV infection or should it prevent disease but not infection. "Since sterilizing immunity seems out of reach, infection without disease would appear to be an acceptable alternative." But even here, one can never be sure that any infection will not ultimately lead to disease and will any effective vaccine lead to increased risky behavior, which will then increase the incidence of infection.
This book looks at some of the recent vaccine research with two of the chapters by leaders in the field, Tomas Hanke, Andrew McMichael, Guislaine Carcelain, Lucile Mollet, and Brigitte Autran. The 12 chapters cover: "AIDS Vaccines: Challenges and Opportunities," "Immunopathogenesis of HIV Infection," "The Genetic Diversity of HIV-1 and Its Implications for Vaccine Development," "The Role of Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes in Protection Against HIV Infection and AIDS," "Immune Reconstitution in HIV Infection," "Design of Engineered Vaccines for HIV," "DNA Vaccines for Immunodeficiency Viruses," "Replication-Deficient, Pseudotyped HIV-1 Vectors as HIV Vaccines," "Development of Mucosal DNA Vaccines Against HIV-1 Using Live Attenuated Salmonella typhi as a Vaccine-Delivery System," "Innate Immunity in HIV Infection," "The Role for Nonhuman Primate Models in the Development and Testing of AIDS Vaccines," and "International Perspectives on HIV Vaccine Development."
It is important that a vaccine be developed as quickly as possible. It represents our best hope of helping the developing countries. This is an excellent book that provides current research findings on an AIDS vaccine. It is highly recommended for all health science libraries.
1134. Freedom to Die: People, Politics, and the Right-to-Die Movement, by Derek Humphry, Mary Clement. 2000. St. Martin's Griffin/St Martin's Press, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010. 422p., bibliog.., index. ISBN 0-312-25389-3. $14.95. (Descriptors: Right to Die; Public Opinion; Law and Legislation)
Discussions on the issue of the right to die, voluntary euthanasia, and physician-assisted suicide have become more prevalent in the past few years as people examine the dignity of those who are dying. Moral issues are always at the top when these discussions arise and religion plays a big part in defeating any laws that may help people decide when they want to die. One state, Oregon, now has legalized physician-assisted suicide. This is a very informative book that tells about the right-to-die movement, a battle to gain acceptance to the right-to-die, political and court battles, insight on how Oregon came to pass its law, and why the AMA, the Roman Catholic Church hierarchy, and many in government powerfully oppose choice in dying by individuals.
The is a sober and deeply controversial book written by Derek Humphry, the founder of the Hemlock Society and Mary Clement, attorney and president of Gentle Closure, Inc., an organization that assists people in addressing all end-of-life concerns. As health care become more and more expensive, many individuals who have a terminal disease do not want to burden their extended families with the grief and expense of being kept alive. This book is an excellent resource, providing a great deal of information that is not available elsewhere. Many will not want the book to be available but, nevertheless, it is a recommended book for all public and academic libraries and would be useful in health science libraries.
1135. AIDS in the Modern World, by I. Edward Alcamo. 2002. Blackwell Science, 350 Main St., Malden, MA 02148. 90p., illus., index. ISBN 0-632-04474-8. $24.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Prevention; Biology)
This excellent, small book is for the layperson, providing current information on such topics as recent discoveries on how the AIDS virus attacks the immune system; prevention of AIDS in newborns; the catastrophic effect of AIDS in Africa; the needle exchange program; and an update of drug therapy. The information in each chapter is arranged as a progressive set of lectures with each beginning with a review and preview that provides a review of the previous chapter and preview of the current chapter. The text is well written with the layperson in mind and provides pronunciation of many of the terms. Each chapter ends with three review questions. The illustrations and photos are clear and sharp.
Since this is a mini-course on AIDS, each chapter builds on the previous chapter: "The Emergence of AIDS," "HIV and Human Disease," "The Biology of HIV," "How HIV Affects the Body," "The Spreading AIDS Epidemic," "Preventing HIV Transmission," "AIDS and Healthcare Workers," "Diagnosing HIV Infection and AIDS," "Treating HIV Infection and AIDS," and "AIDS and Society." Key points in each chapter are highlighted in blue. This is a highly recommended text for school and public libraries and would be useful to academic and health science libraries to illustrate how AIDS education can work.
1136. Antiretroviral Therapy, edited by Erik D. A. De Clercq. 2001. American Society for Microbiology, 1752 N St. NW, Washington, DC 20036. 359p., illus. (part in color), bibliog.., index. ISBN 1-55581-156-6. $99.95. (Descriptors: Chemotherapy; Antiviral Agents; Drug Therapy; HIV Infections; Immunology)
This book provides the research of 28 researchers on "work that has been accomplished in the past few years, at both the fundamental and clinical levels, in the chemotherapy of retrovirus infections, particularly AIDS. It is aimed at presenting an overview of the current approaches to the therapy of AIDS and HIV infections." These are very technical articles that look at the current issues of antiretroviral therapy, covering sufficient ground to help resolve the many issues surrounding this therapy. The text is not for the layperson, but intended for those doing research in antiretroviral therapy. Many of the chapters have extensive bibliographies for further reading. The illustrations are clear and crisp with some in color. Topics covered include kinetics of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1; nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors; oligonucleotides as antiretroviral agents; Cellular factors as targets for anti-human immunodeficiency virus therapy; combination antiretroviral therapy; and drug-drug interactions in human immunodeficiency virus infection. This is a highly recommended book for all academic and health science libraries.
1137. 2000-2001 HIV ReSource Review Binder: Issues 25-30 of the HIV ReSource Review Newsletter, edited by Sharon Ann Meyer. 2001. HIV ReSources, Inc., PO Box 39385, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33339-9385. various pagings. (http://www.hivresources.com) $63.00 individual; $78.00 institution; If the AIDS Book Review Journal is mentioned the prices are $46.60 individual; $59.40 institution. (Descriptors: Substance Abuse; Nutrition; Blood Glucose; Hepatitis C)
HIV ReSources is a Florida company that provides wide distribution of HIV and nutrition-related resources. The newsletter is bi-monthly intended for nutrition professionals and others interested in nutrition and HIV/AIDS. It is a peer-reviewed publication offering research and practice-oriented articles on nutrition. Subscribers receive e-mail updates and additional information pertinent to nutrition and HIV. The six issues in volume five cover a wide variety of topics as outlined below. In addition, each issue has sections on Med Watch, Resource Corner, Program Spotlight, and a glossary. The contents of the issues are: no. 25: Substance Abuse, HIV and Nutrition-Putting It All Together; Alternative Focus: Nigella Sativa (Black Seed); and Progressive Management of AIDS Wasting: 2000-Synopsis Two; no. 26: Exercise Recommendations and HIV; Alternative Focus: DMSO; Osteoporosis-Interview with Dr. Mary Romeyn; no. 27: Blood Glucose Abnormalities in HIV-Positive People, Part One; Alternative Focus: The Promise of Guggul; Management of Diarrhea-Interview with Dr. Johannes Koch; no. 28: Blood Glucose Abnormalities in HIV-Positive People, Part Two; Alternative Focus: Potential Herb-Drug Interactions for HIV-Positive Patients, Part I; Selected Diabetes Organizations; no. 29: Nutrition in Hepatitis C and HIV Co-Infection, Part One; Alternative Focus: Potential Herb-Drug Interactions for HIV-Positive Patients: Part II; Hepatitis C Resources; and no. 30: Nutrition in Hepatitis C and HIV Co-Infection: Part Two; Alternative Focus: Amazonian Medicinals for Gastrointestinal Health; Hepatitis C Resources.
The binder also includes 4 nutrition education handouts and resource tools along with information on obtaining free resources. The HIV ReSource Review is one of the best general informational newsletters available that is specific to HIV/AIDS. The information is presented in an unbiased format, understandable by the layperson, and authoritative for the professional clinician. It is highly recommended for all public, academic, and health science libraries.
1138. AIDS Education-Online, by the Distance Learning Project of Teachers College, Columbia University. http://dlp.tc.columbia.edu Telephone: 212-678-3492 or 888.633-6933. (Descriptors: Continuing Education)
This continuing education course is less about how to construct an AIDS education curriculum and more an orientation to the key issues that every educator should understand in order to help others make sense of the epidemic. It will pose a series of questions and a series of contemporary issues for participants to digest and debate. The objectives of the course are: "Students will be able to describe in writing the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, with specific attention to the sociogeographic characteristics of the disease, which will include the manner in which race, gender, community (including sexual and social identity), and socioeconomics influence the dynamics of the pandemic. Students will understand and describe the basic biological structure of the virus, including the mechanisms through which exposure, infection, and disease progression function for HIV/AIDS. Students will describe the manner in which current therapies function, including Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatments (HAART) and Protease Inhibitors (PTs). Students will understand and describe the theoretical basis for HIV prevention interventions and the role that education plays in such efforts. Students will understand and describe the policy issues that render an understanding of HIV/AIDS and imperative to which a democratic republic is compelled to respond."
The professors include Robert Fullilove, Ed.D, chair of the CDC's Committee on HIV and STD Prevention and co-director of the Community Research Group at the New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University. He also serves on the editorial board of the journal, Sexually Transmitted Disease, as well as on the editorial board of the Journal of Public Health Policy; and Michael Poulson, MPH, ABD, a behavioral epidemiologist and educator focusing on the intersection of HIV and substance use in communities of color. He is presently working with the Community Research Group of the Columbia School of Public Health, he is a member of the community advisory board of the Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies of the New York Academy of Medicine, as well as founder of ACCESS Harlem, a consortia to promote and facilitate socially responsible, culturally sensitive and ethnically appropriate interventions, research, and education.