Douglas Crimp provides us with a unique collection of essays that confronts the conservative gay politics that has replaced AIDS activism that was so prominent in the 1980s and early 1990s. He touches on everything that has happened and been written showing us that melancholia has set in, resulting in gays becoming complacent in coping with AIDS. He stresses that the AIDS epidemic is far from over and that "queer politics" is greater now than it has ever been. Before AIDS, gays were sexually active and showing the world that they were virile young men who were intent on having a great time. AIDS changed that and these same men pulled back from the sexual antics and began the era of explaining to the world what AIDS is doing, not only to gays but to the rest of the population as well. This has now changed and gays are slowly drifting back to the ways of the pre-AIDS era, resulting in a steady increase in new HIV positive cases.
In his essays, Crimp gets straight to the point and is not afraid to criticize those who have written about AIDS over the past 20 years, especially other gay male writers. He is a strong believer in all that he writes about and he wants the world to know that this is a critical time in queer politics. We need to increase our AIDS activism in the name of all of the younger gays who have become complacent.
He examines Randy Shilts's And the Band Played On, various Hollywood films that deal with AIDS, the infection of prominent athletes and movie stars with HIV, as well as Mapplethorpe and Nixon's photography, musicals, videos, and the Names Project and "Day Without Art." All of this done in such a way to make you stop and think and realize that if we do not continue the push even harder to combat this disease, we will slide backwards and the epidemic will continue to kill our young men in increasing numbers.
This is a highly recommended book for all libraries. It may trouble many to read it but we all need to be jolted back into reality and realize that the crisis is far from over.
1141. The Crisis of Desire: AIDS and the Fate of Gay Brotherhood, by Robin Hardy with David Groff. 1999. University of Minnesota Press, 111 Third Ave South, Ste 290, Minneapolis, MN 55401-2520. 203p., index. ISBN 0-8166-3911-6. $17.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Gay Men)
Robin Hardy had AIDS but died in a mountaineering accident. Has manuscript, The Crisis of Desire, was edited by David Groff and provides us with a unique look at the struggle gay men are having in coping with AIDS. He was a strong advocate in sexual expressiveness. "Robin Hardy calls on gay men to reclaim their erotic expressiveness and accept the 'mortal risk of loving'." He speaks of gay brotherhood as a way to fight this devastating epidemic. Pat Califia says of The Crisis of Desire "Hardy's stinging prose puts the blame for more than two decades of death squarely where it belongs: on the shoulders of an antigay government indifferent to massive suffering, and a profit-driven medical industry." Everyone will not agree to what Hardy offers but he has a message that says we should be seeking that gay brotherhood of love and not have it taken away by all of the anti-gay rhetoric. A recommended book for all libraries.
1142. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review, volume 6, no. 3, March 2002, edited by Theodore de Bruyn. 2002. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 417 Saint-Pierre, Ste. 408, Montreal, Quebec H2Y 2M4. ISSN 1195-5252. Free. (Descriptors: Legal Aspects).
This "is a summary of developments in HIV/AIDS policy and law in Canada and abroad. Its aim is to educate people about and inform them of policy and legal developments and to promote the exchange of information, ideas, and experiences." Feature articles in this issue are: "Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission," "Compulsory HIV Testing after an Occupational Exposure," "Establishing Safe Injection Facilities in Canada: Legal and Ethical Issues," "Report on Complementary/Alternative Health Care and HIV/AIDS," and "HIV/AIDS in Prisons: New Developments." Also, are Canadian and International news articles including "Physicians Dislike New Medical Marijuana Regulations," "Manitoba to Develop Aboriginal AIDS Strategy," "United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS," "South Africa: Defiance Campaign Continues," and "Criminal Law and HIV Transmission/Exposure." There are ten articles dealing with HIV/AIDS in the courts throughout the world.
This is an excellent publication that provides a review of the legal aspects of AIDS throughout the world. It is very readable and well documented for all levels of readers. Highly recommended for all libraries.
1143. Far and Beyon', by Unity Dow. 2000. Aunt Lute Books, PO Box 410687, San Francisco, CA 94141. 199p. ISBN 1-879960-64-8. $17.95. (Descriptor: Social Aspects; Botswana)
This is a novel about life in Botswana in the age of AIDS. It "tells the story of a Botswana family's struggle to cope with the devastation of HIV and poverty." It is about Mosa, who challenges adult authorities in her task of fighting the powerlessness and oppression that have made the family vulnerable to HIV. It is a moving story and one that could be set in any number of places in Africa. Unity Dow is Botswana's first female high court judge and long time activist for women's rights and rights of the poor. As a result, she has written this novel from the heart in the hopes that her message can be heard around the world. A recommended book for all libraries.
1144. Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention & Education for Adolescents & Children, volume 4, no. 4, 2001, edited by Julio Morales, Marcia Bok. 2001. Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. $60.00 per year individuals, $95.00 per year institutions, $110.00 per year libraries. (Descriptors: Prevention; Adolescents; Children; Social Aspects)
"The mission of this journal is to address AIDS a s a public health issue, to bring public and professional attention to AIDS and children within the context of social justice and the need for social change, as well as to address issues of education and child welfare." The journal has done very well in meeting this mission. This representative issue contains the following articles: "The Importance of Culture in HIV/AIDS Prevention in Grenada," "Multicultural Considerations for HIV/AIDS Prevention Education: An Asian Pacific Islander American Perspective," "HIV Risk Behaviors in Adolescent and Young Adult Substance Users Undergoing Treatment," and "Correlates of Casual Sex Among African-American Female Teens." A recommended journal for all academic and medical libraries.
1145. Challenging Gender Issues: Report on findings from the Living for Tomorrow project about young people's attitudes to men, women and sex, by Jill Lewis, Stephen Clift. 2001. Nordic Institute for Women's Studies and Gender Research, PO Box 1156 Blindern, NO-0317 Oslo, Norway. 62p. ISBN 82-7864-010-6. Write for copy or e-mail at email@example.com . (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Children; Adolescents; Norway)
The Living for Tomorrow was a 3-year action research project for 1998-2000, funded by the Nordic Institute for Women's Studies and Gender Research. It focused on the youth, sexual health and the cultural landscapes of gender and sexuality in Nordic, Baltic, and NW Russian areas during this time of transition of the HIV/AIDS era. The purpose of this report, Challenging Gender Issues, is to present "the perceptions of gender and sexual relationships between men and women, gathered by self-completion questionnaire from a sample of young people living in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia" and explore "ways in which engaging with questions about how gender functions, how perceptions about men and women circulating among young people, can influence how young people think about their sexual relationships and actual sexual behaviors." The report goes into detail about the results with an extended discussion complemented with numerous tables and appendices. This is a very interesting report and one that researchers around the world should study and use. Recommended for all academic and medical libraries.
1146. AIDS in the Twenty-First Century: Disease and Globalization, by Tony Barnett, Alan Whiteside. 2002. Palgrave Macmillan, 175 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10010. 416p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-4039-0005-1. $45.00. (Descriptors: Political Aspects; Social Aspects; Epidemiology; Globalization)
This is a book that is intended to open the eyes of everyone who is skeptical about the impact of AIDS on the world's population. It touches on the social and economic origins of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how it has affected communities, businesses, and governments throughout the world. It hammers away at the hard facts that "the HIV/AIDS epidemic represents a global crisis in public health, one that leaves children without parents, communities without leaders, and businesses without an adequate labor supply."
The grim facts of AIDS/HIV are shown in the introduction with the following highlighted statement: "In 2001, approximately 36 million individuals were living with HIV/AIDS. Assuming that each HIV/AIDS case directly influences the lives of four other individuals, a total of more than 150 million people are being affected by the disease...Most, if not all, of the 25 million people in sub-Saharan Africa who are living with HIV/AIDS will have died by the year 2020, in addition to the 13.7 million Africans already claimed by the epidemic. HIV/AIDS is also spreading dramatically in Asia. India leads the region in absolute numbers of HIV infections, estimated at 3-5 million. China, too, has a growing HIV/AIDS problem, with approximately 0.5 million AIDS cases and, according to private estimates by Chinese specialists, up to 10 million HIV infections. Asia will overtake sub-Saharan Africa in absolute numbers before 2010; by 2020 Asia will be the HIV/AIDS epicenter."
This is an outstandingly written book with a wealth of information that makes it priority reading for policy makers, students, and anyone who is concerned about or studying the relationship between poverty, inequality, and infectious diseases. A highly recommended book for all libraries.
1147. Loss within Loss: Artists in the Age of AIDS, edited by Edmund White in cooperation with The Estate Project for Artists with AIDS, a project of the Alliance for the Arts. 2001. University of Wisconsin Press, 1930 Monroe St., Madison, WI 53711. 305p., illus. ISBN 0-299-17070-5, 0-299-17074-8pbk. $29.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: AIDS and the Arts; Patients; Biographies; Modern Art)
This is a powerful book that looks at the impact of AIDS on the arts community. "When an artist dies we face two great losses: the person and the work he did not live to do." The essays provide an outlet for all of the sorrow and grief that so many artists have suffered in the loss of their friends and lovers. Many of those represented in Loss within Loss were well known artists but others were struck down before they were able to fulfill the promise of their lives and art. The books cuts across all of the arts, including portraits of choreographers, painters, poets, actors, playwrights, sculptors, editors, composers, and architects.
Individuals covered include Robert Frank Anton , Joe Brainard, Howard Brookner, Scott Buton, Chris DeBlasio, Robert Farber, Robert Ferro, Frank Israel, Derek Jarman, Peter D. Kelloran, Bruce Kelly, Stan Leventhal, Marc Lida, Joah Lowe, James Merrill, Paul Monette, Mark Morrisore, John C. Russel, Waren Sonbert, and David Wojnarowicz. This is a fascinating and moving book that looks behind the scenes into the lives of a few artists who have died of AIDS. All of the accounts are written by close friends or lovers of the individuals who are highlighted. This is a recommended book for all libraries.
1148. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Biology, Immunology, and Therapy, edited by Emilio A. Emini. 2002, Princeton University Press, 41 William St., Princeton, NJ 08540. 532p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-691-00454-4. $75.00. (Descriptors: Biology; Immunology; Therapy)
This is a book that reviews what we know and what we do not know about the human immunodeficiency virus as we enter the third decade. Each chapter can be read independently, but taken together, "the chapters present a complete picture of the challenges that lie ahead." The 13 chapters cover: "The Structure and biology of HIV-1," "The Genetics of HIV-1," "Nucleoside Inhibitors of HIV Reverse Transcriptase and the Problem of Drug Resistance," "Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors of HIV-1," "HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors," "The Biology and Biochemistry of Integration as a Target for Chemotherapeutic Intervention," "Chemokine Receptors in HIV Infection and AIDS," "Novel HIV-1 Therapeutic Targets: Regulatory Functions," "Novel HIV-1 Therapeutic Targets: Accessory Functions," "The Interface between the Pathogenesis and Treatment of HIV Infection," "HIV Prevention: Implementing Proven Prevention Interventions to Control the Global Epidemic," "The Immunobiology of HIV-1 Infection," and "HIV Vaccines 2000: Prospects and Challenges."
The last three chapters are of particular interest in that they talk about the need to rely on prevention, either through social programs or through the development of a vaccine. It is the editor's sincere wish that in another decade's time "we will look back and be able to chronicle the defeat of the HIV-1 epidemic." This is a very important book, providing an excellent summary of where we are today and what needs to be done. It is extremely well documented with long bibliographic reference lists. Although the language is research oriented, the educated layperson will be able to read the book. Highly recommended for all academic and medical libraries.
1149. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, volume 14, no. 3, supplement to no. 3, no. 4, June, August, 2002, edited by Francisco S. Sy. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. $60.00 individuals, $195.00 institutions. (Descriptors: Education, Prevention)
In keeping with the goal of providing articles on AIDS education and prevention this excellent journal has the following major articles in the 3 latest issues:
Volume 14, no.3-
"HIV-Infected Persons' Knowledge of Their Sexual Partners' HIV Status," "Prenatal HIV Counseling and Testing in California," "A Model for Capacity-Building in AIDS Prevention Programs," "Exploring the Community Response to a Randomized Controlled HIB/AIDS Intervention Trial in Rural Uganda," "Reaching and Identifying the STD/HIV Risk of Sex Workers in Beijing," "Condom Use Among Vocational School students in Chiang Rai, Thailand," and "HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge and Attitudes: A Comparison of Older Persons and Young Adults in Thailand."
Volume 14, supplement-Evaluating HIV Prevention Programs-
"Evaluating HIV Prevention Efforts to Reduce New Infections and Ensure Accountability," "The Value of Engaging Stakeholders in Planning and Implementing Evaluations," "Designing and Conducting Participatory Outcome Evaluation of Community-Based Organizations' HIV Prevention Programs," "Factors Affecting the Delivery of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs by Community-Based Organizations," "Evaluation Barriers and Facilitators Among Community-Based HIV Prevention Programs,' "Lessons Learned from the First Year of Implementation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Standardized Evaluation System for HIV Prevention Programs," "A Randomized Controlled Intervention Trial of a Sexual Health Approach to Long-Term HIV Risk Reduction for Men Who Have Sex with Men," "Evaluation of HIV Prevention and Counseling Practices of Obstetrician/Gynecologists in Bogota, Colombia," "Evaluation of Sexual Health Approach to Prevent HIV Among Low Income, Urban, Primarily African American Women," "Rapidly Changing Conditions in the Brothels of Bangladesh," and "Development and Implementation of the Cross-Site Evaluation of the CDC/HRSA Corrections Demonstration Project."
Volume 14, no. 4-
"An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Peer Sexual Health Intervention Among Secondary-School Students in Zambia," "The Impact of Utilizing HIV-Positive Speakers in AIDS Education," "Characteristics and Predictors of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Injection-Drug-Using Men and Women in St. Petersburg, Russia," "Behavioral Surveillance and Factors Associated with Condom Use and STD incidences Among the Male Commercial Sex Client Population in Hong Kong," "Secret Pill: HIV-Positive Patients' Experiences Taking Antiretroviral Therapy in North Carolina," "Sexual Assertiveness in Heterosexually Active men," "a Response to Developing Standards in Behavioral Surveillance for HIV/STD Prevention," and "The Current Good Should Precede the Future Best."