A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 13 - January 1995


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Reviewed in this issue:
258. Life, Death and the Immune System, by Scientific American.
259. Sexuality Across the Life Course, edited by Alice S. Rossi.
260. Alternative Medicine: The Definitive Guide, compiled by The Burton Goldberg Group.
261. Alternative Medicine Digest: The Voice of Alternative Medicine, periodical.
262. Alternative Medicine Yellow Pages: The Comprehensive Guide to the New World of Health, edited by Melinda Bonk.
263. Anarchist AIDS Medical Formulary: A Guide to Guerrilla Immunology, by Charles R. Caulfield.
264. We Are All Living with AIDS: How You Can Set Policies and Guidelines for the Workplace, by Earl C. Pike.
265. Talking with Your Child About AIDS, by Barbara J. Prince.
266. 201 Things You Should Know About AIDS and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases, by Jeffrey S. Nevid.
267. Community Prescription Service InfoPack, periodical.
268. Family and HIV, edited by Robert Bor, Jonathan Elford.
269. Beyond Antibiotics: Healthier Options for Families, by Michael A. Schmidt, Lendon H. Smith, Keith W. Shnert.

Pre-1993 books briefly mentioned:

270. Vaccines: Modern Approaches to New Vaccines Including Prevention of AIDS, annual.
271. Positive Women: Voices of Women Living with AIDS, edited by Andrea Rudd, Darien Taylor.
272. AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact, by Tony Barnett and Piers Blaikie.
273. After You Say Goodbye When Someone You Love Dies of AIDS, by Paul Kent Froman.
274. AIDS and the Law: A Basic Guide for the Nonlawyer, by Allan H. Terl.
275. Vaccine Research and Developments, edited by Wayne C. Koff, Howard R. Six.

258. Life, Death and the Immune System, Scientific American: A Special Issue. 1994 (c1993). W.H. Freeman/Scientific American, 41 Madison Ave, New York, NY. 136p., illus., bibliog., index. (Current Events/Health) ISBN 0-7167-2547-9. $16.95. (Descriptors: Immune System, Immunity, Immunologic Diseases) (Contributors to this volume: Gustav J. V. Nossal, Univ. of Melbourne; Irving L. Weissman, Stanford Univ.; Max D. Cooper, Stanford Univ.; Charles A. Janeway, Jr., Yale Univ.; Philippa Marrack, National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine; John W. Kappler, National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine; William E. Paul, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; Warner C. Greene, Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology; Lawrence Steinman, Stanford Univ.; Lawrence M. Lichtenstein, Johns Hopkins Univ.; Hans Wigzell, Karolinska Institute in Stockholm; Avrion (otcjospm. Deitscje Rheuma Forschungszentrum in Berlin; Barry R. Bloom, Howard Hughes Medical Institute)

All of the articles in this book originally appeared as articles and the closing essay in the September, 1993, issue of Scientific American. Since this journal is noted for its very readable articles for the student and layperson, this compilation of articles is an excellent resource. Only chapter six, "AIDS and the Immune System," pertains to AIDS. It explains in an excellent way how the virus replicates itself, the research that is being conducted, and what the future holds. The only drawback is that the illustrations are not as crisp and clear as they are in the journal article.

The other articles cover: "Life, Death and the Immune System," "How the Immune System Develops," "How the Immune System Recognizes Invaders," "How the Immune System Recognizes the Body," "Infectious Diseases and the Immune System," "Autoimmune Disease," "Allergy and the Immune System," "The Immune System as a Therapeutic Agent," and "Will We Survive?" There is also an epilogue--"Immunology and Reciprocity." This is an excellent book for all school, public, and academic libraries, even if the library subscribes to the journal.

259. Sexuality Across the Life Course, edited by Alice S. Rossi. 1994. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637. 418p., bibliog., index. (Studies on Successful Midlife Development) ISBN 0-226-72833-1. $34.95. (Descriptors: Sex, Intimacy, Psychology of Intimacy) (18 contributors)

Although this book does not speak about AIDS, it does speak about everything that is associated with topics that are discussed when doing AIDS research. It is divided into 4 sections: "The Biopsychosocial Perspective," "Sexual Diversity: History, Culture, and Lifestyle," "Sexuality at Selected Phases of the Life Course," and "Selected Health Issues." Sections 2 and 3 have a wealth of information that would be of interest to any AIDS researcher. These include history of human sexuality, attitudes toward sexual permissiveness, sexuality among African-American women, African-American male sexuality through the early life course, homosexual lifestyles, sexual behavior, sex and romance, sexuality and marriage, and sex and sexuality in later life stages.

This is a book that needs to be on the bookshelf of any AIDS researcher, especially those who are studying sexual behavior. It provides a solid background of information and may prevent the researcher from redoing something that is already done. For the general reader it will help in the understanding of some aspects of sexuality that may be fuzzy. This is a highly recommended book for public, academic, and medical libraries, as well as the private libraries of researchers.

260. Alternative Medicine: The Definitive Guide, compiled by The Buton Goldberg Group. 1993. Future Medicine Publishing, Inc., 10124 18th St., Ct. E., Puyallup, WA 98371. 1,068p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-9636334-3-0. $59.95. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine)

"This book is intended as an educational tool to acquaint the reader with alternative methods for the maintenance of good health and the treatment of illness." Since many of the alternative methods have not been researched and approved by government regulatory agencies, some states may have laws that prohibit their use. As a result, the methods that are described should supplement the advice from a physician or licensed health professional. This is a very impressive volume with nearly 400 contributors who bring together in one place information on diet, and nutrition, herbal medicine, homeopathy, acupuncture, chiropractic, Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine, environmental medicine, chelation therapy, and the other disciplines of alternative medicine.

Part one is a small introduction that provides insight on the future of medicine as related to a new understanding of alternative medicine. Part two of over 400 pages describes 43 alternative therapies, including acupuncture, Ayurvedic medicine, colon therapy, enzyme therapy, herbal medicine, hypnotherapy, neural therapy, osteopathy, quigong, and yoga. Each therapy is fully discussed and includes information on where to find additional help through associations or readings. The third part is the largest section covering individual health conditions. Each condition is described in detail including symptoms and causes, followed with various treatments that include diet, nutritional supplements, herbal medicine, or other alternative treatments. The discussion ends with list of places to find additional help and some recommended books.

There are 16 pages devoted to AIDS. The discussion includes a definition of AIDS, the HIV debate, co-factors, immune system cells and AIDS, and AZT. This is followed with various alternative treatments for AIDS. Here, the alternative view "places the emphasis on restoring overall health by first eliminating the co-factors." "Some of the alternative methods being used today to improve the health and immune function of individuals with AIDS and HIV-infection include improved nutritional status, detoxification, mind/body medicine, stress reduction therapies, herbal medicine, homeopathy, and ozone and other oxygen-based treatments." Obviously, diet and nutrition are stressed as a way to combat the onset of AIDS from being HIV positive.

This is an excellent book. As mentioned before, it is not to take the place of the physician but is to serve as a supplement to sound medical advice. In all of the discussions of individual health conditions, diet and nutrition are always advised along with vitamins and herbs. No matter what your condition may be--allergies, cancer, AIDS, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, or vision disorders--it is mentioned in this encyclopedic work. For the price, this is recommended for public, academic, and medical libraries. Physicians, especially, should be aware of this book, because more and more individuals are turning towards some form of alternative treatment.

261. Alternative Medicine Digest: The Voice of Alternative Medicine. Future Medicine Publishing, Inc., PO Box 10663, Des Moines, IA 50381-0663. Issue 1- , 1994- monthly. $36.00. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine)

This monthly publication is intended to raise public awareness of health options and encourage research in the area of alternative treatments. Issue one has a feature article on "Why isn't the FDA doing its job?" The rest of the issue has brief reviews of published articles from prominent journals that recognize that there is some truth in what alternative treatments can provide. This is a recommended journal for public and medical libraries.

262. Alternative Medicine Yellow Pages: The Comprehensive Guide to the New World of Health. 1994. Future Medicine Publishing, Inc., 98 Main St., Ste 209, Tiburon, CA 94920. unpaged. ISBN 0-9636334-2-2. $12.95. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine)

This is a "resource tool for those interested in contacting alternative health care practitioners." It provides the names, addresses and phone numbers of alternative health care practitioners, primarily through professional organizations in each of the fields of practice. The first and largest part covers alternative therapies while the second part covers health conditions. Within each category it is alphabetical by state, then alphabetical by city within that state. A good reference book for public, academic, and medical libraries.

263. Anarchist AIDS Medical Formulary: A Guide to Guerrilla Immunology, selected essays by Charles R. Caulfield, Billi Goldberg. 1993. North Atlantic Books, PO Box 12327, Berkeley, CA 94701-9998. 155p., bibliog. ISBN 1-55643-175-9. $12.95. (Descriptors: Alternative Treatment)

This book is "sponsored by the Society for the Study of Native Arts and Sciences, a nonprofit educational corporation whose goals are to develop an educational and crosscultural perspective linking various scientific, social, and artistic fields; to nurture a holistic view of arts, sciences, humanities, and healing; and to publish and distribute literature on the relationship of mind, body, and nature." Needless to say, the scientific community does not, at times, think kindly of what societies such as this do and advocate because much of it is contrary to current scientific thinking. However, that community is beginning to look into the therapies that are now advocated by such groups.

The collection of essays are adapted from the San Francisco Sentinel where they appeared in the column, "HIV News." They are intended to give a new way of looking at AIDS for the survivor. "Using the tenets of current basic science, we have been able to develop a strategy for immune reconstitution for people with AIDS. Our therapeutic system is nontoxic, effective, affordable, and readily available to all who need it." The authors stress throughout the essays that "AIDS is survivable." The essays are presented in two parts: "The politics and realities of AIDS treatment research" and "Alternative AIDS treatments: theories, therapies, and resources."

There is much to be gained from this book but there can be false hopes. So many factors need to be figured into the total pictures. True, Caulfield was diagnosed with AIDS ten years ago and is now asymptomatic. This is a recommended book, but not to the extent that it totally replaces all care from a physician. There is much truth in the fact that the mind controls many of our ailments and if one can use his or her mind to control the spread of AIDS in their bodies, then they should do it. A recommended book for public, academic, and medical libraries.

264. We Are All Living with AIDS: How You Can Set Policies and Guidelines for the Workplace, by Earl C. Pike. 1993. Deaconess Press, 2450 Riverside Ave. South, Minneapolis, MN 55454. 396p., bibliog. ISBN 0-925190-68-3. $14.95. (Descriptors: Industrial Hygiene, Personnel Management)

AIDS in the workplace can be a complicated matter. In fact, some workplaces do not even recognize that there may be a problem before it is too late. On the other hand, others know that there is a potential problem but fail to do anything or do not know exactly how to go about doing it. This book "is designed to help individuals and workplaces get unstuck. It's geared toward workplaces of every variety, and can be employed by boards, managers, or line staff from those organizations." The book contains four sections. The first, "Policy Areas," "provides background information on eight different HIV/AIDS policy subtopics that the workplace will want to address in order to create a comprehensive HIV/AIDS policy." Topics covered include ethics, discrimination, infection control, confidentiality, and nurturing diversity.

The second section, "Policy from Beginning to End," outlines how a policy is developed. "It provides you with everything you need to initiate, guide, and conclude HIV/AIDS policy development--including sample agendas for a policy planning group. "Special Policy Considerations for Particular Populations," makes up the third section. The special populations include children, mentally ill, substance abusers, primary healthcare settings, cultural communities, Native American communities, adolescents, disabled, religious institutions, school/educational settings, and women's programs. The final section, "Support Materials," lists and discusses various resource sheets that are needed for staff training and education." Finally there are some important resources listed in the appendix that include referral lines and hotlines; organizations, foundations, and coalitions; federal government agencies; and policy research groups and clearinghouses.

This is an excellent manual, that is well organized, written for the layperson, and full of extremely helpful information. It should be a required book for any workplace, regardless of whether or not anyone currently is diagnosed with HIV. The author has done a remarkable job. This is highly recommended for all libraries from school to medical.

265. Talking with Your Child About AIDS, by Barbara J. Prince. 1993. United Church Press, Cleveland, OH 44155. 24p., bibliog. (Growing Together Series Book) ISBN 0-8298-0865-5. free. (Descriptors: Juvenile Literature)

This small booklet provides some honest and helpful information on what to say to children about AIDS. It includes the medical, social, and theological contexts stressing that "Actions and attitudes can convey strong messages, stronger than the words you speak." It includes some brief facts about AIDS/HIV transmission, the actual communicating which is broken into birth to 2 years, 3-4 years, 5-8 years, and 9-12 years. Since this is a religious publication there is a section on faith messages that stresses compassion for those with AIDS. "How we teach our children to respond to people with AIDS and HIV, and the difficult situations surrounding the AIDS epidemic, will have an impact on the care and treatment of AIDS patients that should not be underestimated." Recommended for personal use and school and public libraries.

266. 201 Things You Should Know About AIDS and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases, by Jeffrey S. Nevid, Fern Gotfried. 1993. Allyn & Bacon, 160 Gould St., Needham Heights, MA 02194. 182p., bibliog. ISBN 0-205-14873-5. $13.95. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Testing, Women)

There are several reference sources that are set up with a question and answer format. This one is similar to these giving definitions, descriptions, health tips, and other information. The first chapter defines sexually transmitted diseases while the other chapters cover such topics as the AIDS epidemic, HIV/AIDS illness and transmission, women and AIDS, testing and treatment, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, vaginal infections, herpes, viral hepatitis and genital warts, crabs and scabies, STD prevention, and condoms. A well written and authoritative reference source for the general public and student that is non-threatening. Recommended for school, public, and college libraries. Would also be useful in an university and medical library general reference section.

267. Community Prescription Service InfoPack. Community Prescription Service, Old Chelsea Station, PO Box 1274, New York, NY 10113-0920. v.1- , 1991- . free. (Descriptors: Prescription Service, Drugs)

Community Prescription Service is a HIV positive owned and operated business that provides medications at a discount or free by taking your insurance company's payment as payment-in-full once your annual deductible has been met. This newsletter is for those individuals who participate in this service. It provides interesting articles about drugs, nutrition, and therapies. The June, 1994, issue had the following feature articles: "The silent plague: HIV-Associated malnutrition," "Nutrition and HIV: a practical guide," "Combating weight loss in HIV," "Tokyo AIDS conference preview," and "State programs pay for private insurance." The main readers of this newsletter will be those who subscribe to the service, but public and medical libraries should get on the mailing list so that alternative information is made available to the library patrons and to the physicians.

268. Family and HIV, edited by Robert Bor, Jonathan Elford. 1994. Cassell, 387 Park Ave. South, New York, NY 10016-8810. 282p., illus., index. ISBN 0-304-33069-8, 0-304-32985-1pbk. $55.00, $21.95pbk. (Descriptors: Families, Social Support, Children, Counselling) (63 international contributors to this volume)

This is an extremely important book for all social workers, physicians, counselors, religious leaders, and anyone else who is contact with family situations where AIDS is present. We all know too well how some individuals are turned away by their families when it is discovered that they are HIV positive or have AIDS. This is truly a sad situation. "What distinguishes HIV disease from so many other illnesses, however, is the associated social stigma and the fact that HIV may be transmissible, or may already have been transmitted, within a relationship." Most past research has concentrated on the individuals, but it is now recognized that the family is a growing are of research since it affects relationships. This is one of the first books to speak to this issue and it is fitting that it is published in the United Nations International Year of the Family.

The five sections with papers by world renown authorities cover: "The Family," "Social Support," "Children," "Choice of Partners," and "Counselling." It not only covers the traditional families here and in other parts of the world but it covers those families that are in the gay and lesbian communities. Some of the articles are centered around Uganda. These are research articles that contain theories, ideas, predictions, and detailed bibliographic citations. It is a welcome book into the AIDS field. There needs to be more research in this area so that some of the myths and taboos can be dispelled. It will help greatly in education and in the understanding that we cannot turn anyone away, regardless of what the disease is. A "family" in all of its broad definitions, is extremely important. All counselors should read this book as well as physicians and religious leaders. Recommended for public, academic, and medical libraries.

269. Beyond Antibiotics: Healthier Options for Families, by Michael A. Schmidt, Lendon H. Smith, Keith W. Sehnert. 1993. North Atlantic Books, 2800 Woolsey St., Berkeley, CA 94705. 307p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-55643-134-X. $16.95. (Descriptors: Antibiotics, Natural Medicine, Self Help)

This is another book sponsored by the Society for the Study of Native Arts and Sciences. The emphasis of this book is to look beyond the use of antibiotics and possibly into alternative medicines. It does not advocate dropping the use of antibiotics all together, but rather work with physicians in using their prescriptions. The authors state that "pessimists suffer twice the number of infectious illnesses as optimists." Also, couch potatoes have a more sluggish immune system that those who are active. This book does not discuss disease but rather delves into health and nutrition. Its goal "is to empower you by giving you the means to enhance health, boost resistance to illness and use sound preventive strategies that will help you and your family avoid the use of antibiotics where possible." The authors are not against the use of antibiotics. They are, however, against the abuse of antibiotic use. The main thing is to question your doctor and know why you are taking a particular antibiotic. Discuss with him alternative methods that may provide some healthier options.

Some of the chapters are: "Antibiotics: what your doctor may not tell you," "How nutrition affects immunity and infection susceptibility," "Immune-boosting nutrients," "Environmental threats to a healthy immune system," "Hygiene, lifestyle and personal habits," "Stress, life events and infections," "Vitamin C and infectious disease," "Common conditions for which antibiotics are prescribed," and "Ways to boost immunity and avoid antibiotics." Again, this book is not to replace the reputable physician. Instead, it should provide questions to ask the physician so that all approaches to the infection can be considered. Alternative medicine is not for everyone but it should be considered, especially when common sense is involved and the use of vitamins and nutrition are recommended. Recommended for home use as well as public, academic, and medical libraries.

270. Vaccines: Modern Approaches to New Vaccines Including Prevention of AIDS. 1st- , 1984- . Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 10 Skyline Drive, Plainview, NY 11803. ISBN 0-87969-405-X 1992. $100.00 per volume. (Descriptors: Vaccines, Viral Vaccines, Synthetic Vaccines, Prevention and Control)

Vaccines are uppermost in AIDS research. Although there are some being tested, they are still illusive. These annual volumes report research on new vaccines for many diseases, including those being tested for AIDS. They are the papers that were presented at annual meetings with international presenters. These are highly technical papers with detailed discussions and long bibliographies. All medical libraries should have a complete set of this publication and have a standing order for future volumes.

271. Positive Women: Voices of Women Living with AIDS, edited by Andrea Rudd, Darien Taylor. 1992. Second Story Press/InBook, PO Box 120261, 140 Commerce St., East Haven, CT 06512. 267p., illus. ISBN 0-929005-30-9. $14.95. (Descriptors: Patients, Biography, Women Diseases, Social Aspects) (38 contributors to this volume)

Both editors are HIV positive and have compiled and international anthology of works by women who are also living with HIV and AIDS. It includes a broad range of submissions including visual as well as written material. It, also, was submitted in many languages that were translated later into English. Since there is always a fear of losing ones job, many of the women used initials or pseudonyms in order to identify their identity. The resulting anthology contains a wide variety of content, some of which will upset those who read it. Homophobia, also, is not absent, nor is incest, addiction, or sexual abuse. The overriding reason for the book is to dispel myths with the biggest myth being that women don't get AIDS. "Women from all walks of life, from all around the world can and do get AIDS. There is no profile; there are no risk groups here. We are women living with HIV and AIDS. This anthology documents our lives."

This is a moving book that should be in all libraries from school to medical. It should be a comfort to women who have just discovered their HIV status. Highly recommended.

272. AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact, by Tony Barnett, Piers Blaikie. 1992. Guilford Press, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. 193p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-89862-880-6. $18.95. (Descriptors: Africa, Social Aspects, Predictions)

Although this is a 1992 publication, it is mentioned here as an important book that gives good general information about AIDS in Africa. Research in this area is difficult to obtain if at all, especially with all of the warring conflicts that are currently raging in the areas where AIDS is a very serious problem. The impact of AIDS in Africa has many social implications but the political problems prevent any way of combatting the disease. Orphans for one are a major problem as well as farming where the bread winner has died of the disease. Recommended for all academic and medical libraries.

273. After You Say Goodbye: When Someone You Love Dies of AIDS, by Paul Kent Froman. 1992. Chronicle Books, 275 5th St., San Francisco, CA 94103. 270p. ISBN 0-8118-0088-1. $10.95. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Bereavement)

This is becoming a classic book for life partners, family members, and friends who have lost someone to AIDS. It should be read from cover to cover. Part one, "The emotions of grief," covers "grieving without becoming a victim," "grieving well," "depression and grief," "regaining emotional power," "get mad," "say goodbye to guilt," and "conquering fear with action." The second part, "AIDS grief," covers "when your life partner has died," "when a family member has died," "when your friend has died," "caregiver burnout," "when someone you care about is grieving," and "saying goodbye." Recommended for individuals, counselors, and physicians. Should be available in all libraries from school to medical.

274. AIDS and the Law: A Basic Guide for the Nonlawyer, by Allan H. Terl. 1992. Hemisphere Publishing Corp., 1900 Frost Road, Ste. 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 180p., bibliog. ISBN 1-56032-218-7. $19.95. (Descriptors: Law and Legislation)

There are many detailed works that cover AIDS and the law but this one is for the non-legal eyes. "It is written in the hope that an understanding of the legal issues relating to HIV disease will help those with specific rights to be aware of them, to muster the courage to insist on them and, if necessary, to pursue them through the courts." It is also written "in the hope that those outside the legal profession--those too often perplexed by what seems to them to be confusing legal mumbo-jumbo--will be able to understand the broad scope of our legal system as it interplays with the issues raised by this still fairly new phenomenon called AIDS." It is written in straightforward language with many references to the legal materials. Although much of the information is brief it covers the early legislative quick fixes, access to justice, public benefits, confidentiality, consumer fraud, criminal law, education, employment, family law, free speech, housing, immigration, insurance, military, prisons, public accommodations, quarantine, testing, torts, wills, disabilities, and the right to know. An excellent book for any personal library as well as being recommended for public, academic, and medical libraries.

275. Vaccine Research and Developments, volume 1, edited by Wayne C. Koff, Howard R. Six. 1992. 251p., illus., bibliog., index. 0-8247-8619-X. $125.00. (Descriptors: Vaccines, Prevention and Control) (Contributors to this volume: Anna Aldovine, MIT; Nancy J. Alexander, Easter Virginia Medical School; Rae Lyn Burke, Chiron Corp.; W. Neal Burnette, Amgen Inc.; George T. Curlin, NIH; Patrick Kanda, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research; John R. La Montagne, NIH; Gary Ott, Ciron Corpl; Patricia J. Freda Pietrobon, Connaught Laboratories; Robert E. Stein, Georgetown Law Center; James P. Tam, Rockefeller Univ.; Gary Van Nes, Chiron Corpl; Richard A. Young, MIT)

This is the only volume published so far in this series. It provides a review, up to 1992, of research in the area of vaccines, some HIV-related. It reports more on the philosophy of vaccine research rather than on specific vaccines. Examples of papers presented: "HIV-1 virus-like particles as a source of antigen for AIDS vaccines," "The use of Muramyl peptides as vaccine adjuvants," "Contraceptive vaccine development: future prospects," and "The development of an HIV vaccine: legal and policy aspects." Recommended for all academic and medical libraries.


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