A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 15 - March 1995


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Reviewed in this issue:
306. Second Decade of AIDS: A Mental Health Practice Handbook, edited by Walt Odets, Michael Shernoff.
307. AIDS and STDs in Africa: Bridging the Gap Between Traditional Healing and Modern Medicine, by Edward C. Green.
308. Global HIV/AIDS: A Strategy for U.S. Leadership, a consensus report of the CSIS Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS.
309. Working Together Against AIDS, by Barbara Hermie Draimin.
310. Primary Care of Women and Children with HIV Infection: A Multidisciplinary Approach, edited by Patricia Kelly, Susan Holman, Rosalie Rothenberg, Stephen Paul Holzemer.
311. Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia, edited by Vern L. Bullough, Bonnie Bullough.
312. Biology of AIDS, 3rd edition by Hung Fan, Ross F. Conner, Luis P. Villarreal.
313. Facing Up to AIDS: The Socio-Economic Impact in Southern Africa, edited by Sholto Cross, Alan Whiteside.
314. Safety in Numbers: Safer Sex and Gay Men, by Edward King.
315. Bearing Witness: Gay Men's Health Crisis and the Politics of AIDS, by Philip M. Kayal.
316. Blood Brothers: The Joey DiPaola Story, video from HBO.
317. Because You Love Them: A Parent's Planning Guide, by Lisa A. Merkel-Holguin.
318. Questions and Answers on AIDS, by Lyn Robert Frumkin, John Martin Leonard.
319. National Directory of AIDS Care, edited by Lori Hullfish, Kathy Wolden.
320. AIDS and the New Orphans: Coping with Death, edited by Barbara O. Dane, Carol Levine.

306. Second Decade of AIDS: A Mental Health Practice Handbook, edited by Walt Odets, Michael Shernoff. 1994. Hatherleigh Press, 420 East 51st St., New York, NY 10022. 306p. ISBN 1-886330-00-X, 1-886330-01-8pbk. $29.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Counseling, Mental Health, Women, Depression, Psychosocial Problems) ( 17 contributors)

"Though widely perceived as an important medical issue, the AIDS epidemic is also a mental health catastrophe perhaps unmatched in 20th century American history." The gay and bisexual communities have born the brunt of the AIDS epidemic and it is from these communities that much can be gained to help others, especially the socially and economically disadvantaged African-American and Hispanic communities, as well as drug users and women. Unfortunately a large number of most clinicians outside the gay community or inner-city community mental health know little about the human issues of the AIDS epidemic. Mental health professionals who work with HIV patients need to be AIDS-informed on all issues so that they have a broad working knowledge of AIDS-related diseases and treatments. That is the goal of this handbook, "contribute to the information and inspiration necessary for professionals working with those affected by AIDS."

The 14 chapters cover: "Management of Depression in Patients with HIV Infection," "Counseling Chemically Dependent People with HIV Illness," "African-American Gay Men and HIV/AIDS," "Group Counseling for Gay Couples Coping with AIDS," "Family Therapy Interventions with Inner-City Families Affected by AIDS," "The Special Concerns of Women with HIV and AIDS," "Counseling Children Who Have a Parent with AIDS or Who Have Lost a Parent to AIDS," "Future Care and Custody Planning: The Legal Issues," "Counseling Long-Term Survivors of HIV/AIDS," "Survivor Guilt in HIV-Negative Gay Men," "Safer Sex Maintenance and Reinforcement for Gay Men," "Ethical Standards in Counseling Sexually Active Clients with HIV," "Considerations for Reaching Latino Populations with HIV/AIDS Information," and "Helping Health Professionals Overcome Grief Associated with Caring for AIDS Patients." Each chapter presents the key points that are to be discussed followed by a text that is well-written and easy to comprehend. Each chapter is complete in itself on a specific topic that would be of interest to all mental health professionals.

This is an excellent handbook for all mental health professionals, and recommended for physicians, social workers, nurses, counselors, legal aid providers, volunteers, and students. It is a "comprehensive overview of the various ways in which AIDS affects the psychosocial functioning of all who are touched by the epidemic: individuals who have AIDS, their partners, their families, their communities, and their health and mental health care providers."

307. AIDS and STDs in Africa: Bridging the Gap Between Traditional Healing and Modern Medicine, by Edward C. Green. 1994. Westview Press, 5500 Central Ave., Boulder, CO 80301-2877. 276p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8133-7847-8. $39.95. (Descriptors: Africa, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Healers, Family-Planning, Prevention)

"The war against AIDS in Africa is not going well." This is what Jonathan Mann admitted at the 8th International Conference on AIDS in 1992. It is a difficult task to educate a population that does not understand why condoms should be used or why an individual should limit the number of sexual partners. Edward C. Green advocates "some sort of collaborative action program involving traditional healers" if any significant impact is to be made on the spread of AIDS and other STDs in Africa. This has never been advocated before, in fact, no mention of traditional healers is made in the Handbook for AIDS Prevention in Africa (1990). He states that these traditional healers can help promote condom and spermicide use, safer sex practices, and restriction of the number of sexual partners. The 8 major chapters cover: "The Intriguing Epidemiology of AIDS in Africa," "Issues in the Development of Collaborative Programs," "Preliminary Research in Swaziland," "STDs and AIDS in Liberia," "STDs and AIDS in Mozambique," "The Relevance of Family-Planning Programs," "Developing Roles for South African Traditional Healers in HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management," and "Evaluation of the Second Generation of South African Traditional Healers Trained in HIV/AIDS Prevention."

Green presents a great amount to think about in trying to control the AIDS epidemic in Africa. He has done much research there and presents some ideas that many medical authorities do not agree with. Nevertheless, he argues that these traditional healers could have a significant impact if properly educated. He also states that one cannot use the traditional healers exclusively of all other groups and individuals, such as religious leaders and political leaders. All three groups have to work together to overcome some of the stigma that is associated with AIDS. This is an excellent book and one that all researchers who work in Africa will want to read and ponder. There are no clear cut answers and there is not a right way or wrong way to carry out this educational effort but Green certainly has a lot to say about using traditional healers. All medical and academic libraries should have this book.

308. Global HIV/AIDS: A Strategy for U.S. Leadership, a consensus report of the CSIS Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS with a foreword by Timothy E. Wirth, cochairs Jim McDermott, Helen Kitchen. 1994. Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), 1800 K St., NW, Washington, DC 20006. 63p., bibliog. ISBN 0-89206-254-1. $14.95. (Descriptors: Government Policy)

"The CSIS Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS was conceived in 1991 in order to stimulate creative and serious thinking in the foreign policy community about the anticipated impact of the global HIV/AIDS pandemic on issues related to global stability and U.S. interests abroad." This group has made 6 recommendations that are discussed in the report: 1--"HIV/AIDS must be addressed as an issue of global stability;" 2--"Protection against HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, violence, and human rights abuses is the first line of defense against the pandemic;" 3--"A global response to HIV/AIDS must understand and address--through education, prevention, and treatment--the special vulnerabilities and needs of the world's women;" 4--"In an era of scarce resources and unlimited needs, new forms of private-public partnership must be devised to take advantage of successful AIDS service organizations, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, corporations, and other parts of the private sector;" 5--"Scientific advances in understanding the human immunodeficiency virus as it relates to the treatment of persons with AIDS, mother-to-child transmission, interactions with the TB virus, and the development of various pharmaceutical and vaccine trials will remain integral to an overall strategy. Cooperation among private sectors entities, governments, and international organizations must be supported;" and 6--"The United States must demonstrate greater leadership on this issue abroad and at home."

The bottom line is that HIV/AIDS affects all of the trading partners of the United States. This report does an excellent job in showing what this impact can and will be if there is no stability. The U.S. has to be a leader in education and research. We have to stop discrimination and all travel exclusions should be lifted. "The continued existence of such barriers incorrectly places the stigma of AIDS on immigrant communities and foreign visitors and also encourages a false sense of security that HIV exists only outside national borders." This report dispels 7 myths about AIDS: 1. "AIDS is exclusively a health issue," 2. "The United States will not be affected by the ravages of AIDS elsewhere," 3. "A vaccine will stop the spread of AIDS," 4. "Stricter immigration controls will help prevent the spread of AIDS," 5. "AIDS is spread only through homosexual behavior and intravenous drug use," 6. "Tuberculosis is no longer a serious problem," and 7. "We do not have the resources to stop the spread of AIDS." Each of these myths is discussed with counter facts. This is an excellent report and one that should be on the desks of every leader in the world. Our own government needs to read this report carefully and act accordingly to be a leader to combat this epidemic. A highly recommended report for all libraries.

309. Working Together Against AIDS, by Barbara Hermie Draimin. 1995. Rosen Publishing Group, 29 E 21st St., New York, NY 10010. 64p., illus., bibliog., index. (Library of Social Activism) ISBN 0-8239-1777-0. $14.95. (Descriptors: Juvenile Literature, Education, Careers)

This is a small book for teens that presents the facts about AIDS, how to protect yourself, volunteering, and careers in health care. Some of the information is in the form of personal narratives of individuals who are HIV positive. The use of condoms is advocated as well as the need to use clean needles. In the case of needle use, it stresses the need to encourage the individual to stop injecting drugs. One important chapter discusses questions that are being debated: "Should hospitals give free clean needles to drug users so they won't pass the HIV virus on by lending their dirty needles?", "Should schools teach people to have safer sex or to have no sex?", "Should a partner be notified by the government once his or her friend is found to have HIV?", and "Should all babies be tested at birth?" There is a brief glossary of terms. This is a very well written and up-to-date book that would be useful in all school and public libraries. Recommended.

310. Primary Care of Women and Children with HIV Infection: A Multidisciplinary Approach, edited by Patricia Kelly, Susan Holman, Rosalie Rothenberg, Stephen Paul Holzemer. 1995. Jones and Bartlett, One Exeter Plaza, Boston, MA 02116. 308p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-86720-709-4. $33.75. (Descriptors: Women, Children, HIV Infections, Primary Care, Prevention and Control, Infancy and Childhood) (33 contributors to this volume)

"Based on identified trends, HIV disease in women and children is expected to emerge as a significant health problem in many new areas of the United States over the next decade." "This book seeks to fill the void in the literature by addressing the comprehensive health care needs of both women and children with HIV infection." The contributors are from a wide range of disciplines: medicine, nursing, social work, anthropology, and epidemiology. The 19 chapters cover: "The Voices of Women with HIV Infection," "HIV Disease in the Primary Care Setting," "Epidemiology and Natural History of HIV Infection in Women," "Care of Women with HIV Disease," "Pregnancy and Reproductive Concerns of Women with HIV Infection," "Epidemiology and Natural History of HIV Infection in Children," "Care of Children with HIV Infection," "Adolescents and HIV," "HIV Counseling and Testing for Women," "Women and Their Families: Psychosocial Stages of HIV Infection," "Cultural Sensitivity," "Continuity of Care," "Complementary Therapies," "Substance Abuse Issues," "Lesbians and HIV," "Ethical, Legal, and Policy Considerations," "Legal Concerns of Women with HIV Infection," "Prevention and Education," and "Caring for the Caregiver."

These are very well researched chapters that present the information in a detailed manner for the reader. Statistics are presented with detailed text so that the reader has an excellent understanding of what is being discussed. The issue of AIDS-Women-Children is one of great concern in the United States and all over the world. There needs to be a great deal of research in this area as this is the fastest rising category of individuals who are being diagnosed as HIV positive. The contributors to this book have done an excellent job of presenting the topics for interested researchers. It probably is not a book for the layperson and as such is recommended for all medical and academic libraries as well as large public libraries. All women's clinics should have a copy for their staffs to read. Highly recommended.

311. Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia, edited by Vern L. Bullough, Bonnie Bullough. 1994. Garland Publishing, Inc., 717 Fifth Ave., Ste. 2500, New York, NY 10022. 643p., index. (Garland Reference Library of Social Science, v.685) ISBN: 0-8240-7972-8. $95.00. (Descriptors: Sex) (100 contributors to this volume)

This is an excellent encyclopedia that has brought together the terms associated with sex. There are over 200 articles covering everything from Abortion to Canon Law and Sex to Fantasies and Sex to Movies: Sexuality in Cinema to Virility and Machismo. An excellent index provides access to information within these articles. There are two articles on AIDS: "AIDS and HIV Infection" by Veronica Diehl Elias and "AIDS, Religion, and Sexual Orientation" by Julian W. Slowinski. Both are well written presenting broad views. In addition, AIDS is referenced to 43 additional articles. A large number of personalities who have figured prominently in human sexuality research are also included as entries in the encyclopedia. This is a highly recommended reference source for all libraries including personal.

312. Biology of AIDS, 3rd edition by Hung Fan, Ross F. Conner, Luis P. Villarreal. 1994. Jones and Bartlett, One Exeter Plaza, Boston, MA 02116. 176p., illus., index. ISBN 0-86720-346-3. $25.00. (Descriptors: History, Social Aspects)

The first edition of this well received book was published in 1989 with the second in 1991. "The purpose of this text is to provide the nonspecialized student with a firm overview of AIDS from biomedical and sociological perspectives." This edition provides updated biomedical information about HIV and various new therapies. The statistics have been expanded and a discussion of AIDS in the worldwide perspective has been added. The book is modeled after a course, "AIDS Fundamentals," taught at the University of California, Irvine. Anyone with a high school level modern biology background will be able to read and understand the book. The chapters cover: "Introduction: An Overview of AIDS," "Concepts of Infectious Disease and a History of Epidemics," "The Immune System," "Virology and Human Immunodeficiency Virus," "Clinical Manifestations of AIDS," "Epidemiology and AIDS," "Modes of HIV Transmission and Personal Risk Factors," and "Future Directions in Combating AIDS."

This is an excellent book covering the biological aspects of AIDS presented for the educated layperson and student. It does a thorough job in presenting each of the topics so that they are easily understood. The authors stress, however, that a complete understanding of AIDS is not just the biological aspect but "the social ecological view: focusing on the interactions within and between individuals, groups, communities, and even nations." The authors hope to include the sociological aspects in the next edition. There are far to few books that are written at this level that present information as easily understood as here. This is a highly recommended book for all libraries and could be a text for any beginning course about AIDS.

313. Facing Up to AIDS: The Socio-Economic Impact in Southern Africa, edited by Sholto Cross, Alan Whiteside. 1993. St. Martin's Press, 175 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10010. 331p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN: 0-312-09106-0. $69.95. (Descriptors: Africa, Social Aspects, Economic Aspects) (14 contributors to this volume)

"The purpose of this collection of studies on the socio-economic aspects of its impact is to contribute to the process of policy formulation. The study of HIV and AIDS has been dominated by medical epidemiology, and only to a limited extent have studies been published concerning either economic analysis, or an understanding of the social contexts." "This volume is concerned with the social, economic and ultimately behavioural analysis of the disease where it is no longer confined to small segments of a national population." The contributors have carried out this task extremely well. Their studies cover: "The Global Pandemic of AIDS," "Current Research on Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS: A Review of the International and South African Literature," "South African Trends and Projections of HIV Infection," "The Demographic Impact of AIDS on the South African Population," "Modelling the Demographic Impact of AIDS," "A Socio-Economic Analysis of the Long-Run Effects of AIDS in South Africa," "The Economic Impact of the AIDS Epidemic in South Africa," "Some Reflections on a Human Capital Approach to the Analysis of the Impact of AIDS on the South African Economy," "The Impact of AIDS on Industry in Zimbabwe," "The Medical Costs of AIDS in Zimbabwe," "Simple Methods for Monitoring the Socio-Economic Impact of AIDS," "Lessons from Tropical Africa for Addressing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in South Africa," and "Facing up to AIDS."

These are very well written articles that include many statistics. The contributors all recognize that these studies are only the beginning and that a great amount of research is yet to be conducted. Further research needs to be conducted in demography and epidemiology so that the socio-economic areas can be studied in more detail. "The lessons of other African countries which are further along the AIDS road suggest that, over the medium term, one of the major social problems which will result from the epidemic will be the increase in orphans." South Africa has a lot to learn if it is not to have one of the most devastating plagues of modern times. This book is highly recommended for all medical and academic libraries.

314. Safety in Numbers: Safer Sex and Gay Men, by Edward King. 1993. Routledge, 29 W. 35th St., New York, NY 10001-2299. 288p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-415-90931-7. $16.95. (Descriptors: Gays, Social Aspects, Safer Sex)

This is a critical analysis by rejecting "the idea that social science is intrinsically unworkable, but he remains critical of its current use in government and even AIDS service organizations' policy and educational programming." This book's primary purpose is to draw attention to the fact that gay men are not practicing safer sex as they should and that this neglect has to be remedied now or we will see a dramatic increase in the number of AIDS cases in gay men. This is a book based on British research but is applicable to anyplace in the world. There has to be an increase in educational strategies for gay men who are falling back into a "ho-hum" syndrome. Edward King raises a lot of questions and challenges many individuals, organizations, and the medical community. He maintains that by "de-gaying" the AIDS epidemic we have created more problems than ever. He, therefore, thinks we should "re-gay AIDS" in order to reach the gay men who are paying no attention to the current educational efforts. The 7 chapters cover: "Tracking the Epidemic," "Changing Behaviour," "Promoting Safer Sex," "Sustaining Safer Sex?," "The De-Gaying of AIDS," "Making Myths," and "Re-Gaying AIDS."

King has written an excellent book for all gays to read and contemplate. There has been a certain amount of not paying attention in this first part of the 90s and as a result, we are seeing an increase in AIDS in the gay population. King recognizes all of the efforts that have been attained by the gay communities in the past in developing safer sex campaigns, educational efforts, and the like, but he maintains we have become lax and need to wake up. This is a highly recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.

315. Bearing Witness: Gay Men's Health Crisis and the Politics of AIDS, by Philip M. Kayal. 1993. Westview Press, 5500 Central Ave., Boulder, CO 80301-2877. 275p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8133-1728-2, 0-8133-1729-0pbk. $58.00, $17.95pbk. (Descriptors: Gay Men, Social Conditions, Attitudes, Volunteer Workers in Community Health Services, Public Opinion, Homophobia, AIDS phobia, Political Aspects)

"Bearing Witness is a story about hope, a statement of faith in the human spirit. By dint of circumstance, it is two stories rolled into one. On the one hand, it is the tale of how volunteerism became the most necessary and reliable response to the political problems caused by AIDS and, on the other, it is a chronicle of how the gay community mobilized itself in the service of transformation to contain and resolve the social, psychological, and spiritual issues that the disease raised." Volunteerism has been the life blood of the gay community. It has brought gay men and women together in a strong bond to combat a disease that has taken so many of their friends. Gay and AIDS meant isolation from the rest of the world both socially and politically. This book "is a story about the significance of gay efforts that is being recounted here and now, while the memories and people who bear them remain alive."

Philip Kayal has written a book that shows the will, compassion, and power of gays all over the world. The book is in three parts. Part One, "AIDS: The Issues" has four chapters, "Getting Involved," "The Sin Stigma and Gay/AIDS Volunteerism," "Morality and AIDS Issues," and "Democratization and the response to AIDS." These four chapters cover religion, morals and medicine, stigma, social categorization, and risk and society's concern. The second part, "Ideology: Volunteerism and AIDS" has six chapters covering "Volunteerism, Community, and Blaming the Victim," "The Political Economy of Volunteerism and AIDS Prevention/Education," "Who Volunteers: Minority Volunteerism and GMHC," "Gay Volunteerism Before and After AIDS," "Gay/AIDS Volunteerism: A Question of Altruism?," and "Volunteerism and Voluntary Associations." It is in this section that Kayal shows how GMHC (Gay Men's Health Crisis) in New York formalized its efforts to combat AIDS. The political aspects are discussed and the whole concept of volunteerism is outlined from before Stonewall to the present. It is a section that makes one proud to be gay.

The third part, "The Significance of Gay/AIDS Volunteerism" has four chapters, "GMHC and the Community Interest: Institutionalization and Successful Volunteerism," "GMHC as Organizational Success and Problem," "Homophobia, Bearing Witness, and Empowerment," and "Gay/AIDS Volunteerism as Political Innovation." Here is where the success of GMHC is outlined. It is one of the most successful of the volunteer organizations combating AIDS. "One of GMHC's major strengths is that it can deliver expert, professional assistance nonjudgmentally. Informally, of course, GMHC is an emotional homecoming." It, however, has to be ever changing with the times. This, it has to do if it is to continue. This is an excellent book that should be required reading for any volunteer organization. It is a success story that gay men and women should be proud of and hopefully will keep going as long as needed. Highly recommended for all libraries.

316. Blood Brothers: The Joey DiPaola Story, video directed by Dean Pitchford for HBO. 1992. Ambrose Video Publishing, 1290 Ave. of the Americas, Ste. 2245, New York, NY 10104-2245. video. 30 min. $69.95. (Descriptors: Children, Education)

This video is part of the HBO Lifestories: Families in Crisis series which covers real issues facing families today. In this video Joey has AIDS but is unable to let his friends know and in turn they are confused that he does not want to become a blood brother. However, Joey attends an AIDS benefit that is featuring Lawrence Taylor where his picture is taken and appears in the newspaper as a boy with AIDS. His friends leave him, the school board tries to bar him from school, and mothers are afraid of him. The short video does a very good job in depicting Joey in a very positive manner so that in the end his friends come back to him. He states: "I have a lot of friends, and they're not afraid of me. They treat me like a regular kid. So if you know someone with AIDS, don't be afraid of them. Be a friend." This is a well produced video that presents a real life situation in a manner that anyone would be able to understand. It is a video that would be perfect to show in elementary through high school. Recommended. Two other older videos from Ambrose Video include Dangerous Affair (1991) and AIDS: Everything You and Your Family Need to Know But Were Afraid to Ask (1987). The first depicts a young lady who contacted AIDS through unprotected sex. She talks about safe sex and the use of condoms. She also recommends getting tested. The second is not recommended at this time because of the many changes that have taken place in treatments since 1987. However, the first part is a question and answer session that gives basic facts about AIDS, how you contact it, how you cannot contact it, and what you should do. If the video is used, it should be used up to the end of the question and answer portion. The publishers should be encouraged to update this video since it is an excellent approach to teaching the layperson about AIDS.

317. Because You Love Them: A Parent's Planning Guide, by Lisa A. Merkel-Holguin. 1994. Child Welfare League of America, 440 First St., NW, Ste. 310, Washington, DC 20001-2085. 74p., illus. ISBN 0-87868-594-4. Available from the National AIDS Clearing House for $5.00 postage and handling, 1-800-458-5231. Bulk requests can be made with the publisher. (Descriptors: Parents, Children, Terminal Illness)

"This planning guide is specifically designed for parents who are HIV positive." For once, there is a sensible guide that will help HIV positive parents plan for their children's future. Too often this is a neglected thing that gets no attention until it is too late. This guide is intended to help these individuals plan for their children's future by addressing such topics as feelings about the illness, telling family members about the illness, accessing the range of financial resources and support services that are available, and providing the children with a family history. There are nine sections: "Parents' and Children's Feelings and Needs," "Telling Your Children, Family Members, and Friends," "Hopes and Dreams for Your Children's Future," "Planning for Your Children's Future Care," "Support Services," "Financial Assistance Programs," "Wills, Power of Attorney, Insurance, and Other Matters," "Additional Information and Resources," and "Sharing Your Family History." Each section contains two parts. The first has ideas and suggestions from others who have done the necessary planning. The second part provides questions, statements, and activities that will help the reader with his or her own necessary planning.

This is a simple, straightforward workbook that should be a great help to those parents who are having difficulty in dealing with being HIV positive and not knowing what to tell their children or family. Although some of the discussion is very elementary, it is well done and to the point. This is a recommended book for all those parents who are HIV positive as well as counselors and caregivers. All libraries would find this a useful book to have available.

318. Questions and Answers on AIDS, 2nd edition by Lyn Robert Frumkin, John Martin Leonard. 1994. PMIC, 4727 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90010. 208p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-878487-86-8. $6.99. (Descriptors: Miscellanea, Education, Questions and Answers)

This small pocket-sized book is intended to answer the questions that pertain to AIDS. It "is written in an objective and understandable fashion" so that everyone can understand it. It is a book that is intended for those who are afraid of AIDS as well as those who are infected and are taking care of the infected. "AIDS is more than just a disease. It is a phenomenon that brings into the open our 'dis-ease'--our own fears, prejudices, and need to blame, judge, and criticize others. Although many continue to choose to see AIDS as a disease affecting primarily homosexual men, it is a terminal illness affecting thousands from all walks of life." This excellent little book should be a great help answering the myriad of questions that surround AIDS. The information is clear, concise, and factual providing answers to "the questions ranging from the basic biology of HIV, to the epidemiology of the epidemic, to the care and prevention of the disease."

There are 133 questions and answers presented in 8 chapters: "The Cause of AIDS," "The Manifestations of HIV Infection," "Opportunistic Infections," "Transmission of HIV," "The Diagnosis of HIV Infection," "The Epidemiology of AIDS," "Treatment of HIV Infection," and "HIV and Public Policy." A glossary and resource directory are also included. A highly recommended book for all libraries and individuals. The more accurate material we have available for the general public the better our educational process will be on the AIDS issue. This book fills that void.

319. National Directory of AIDS Care 1994-95: The Authoritative Reference for Health Care Providers, Community Support Systems and Consumers, 5th annual edition edited by Lori Hullfish, Kathy Wolden. 1994. NC Directories, 1211 Locust St, Philadelphia, PA 19107. 362p. $45.00. (Descriptors: Directories, Education, Referrals)

This well organized directory is divided into 4 sections. The first section contains national organizations and hotlines. The organizations include HIV/AIDS related organizations, professional associations and national foundations. Section two is the largest section which covers state, county and local services arranged by state. It provides names, addresses, and telephone numbers of statewide organizations, state health departments, statewide services, community services, country health departments, home health care agencies, hospice services, visiting nurses associations, medical services such as hospitals and clinics, and testing sites. The third section provides information about federal agencies and programs and the fourth section lists the clinical trials and research sites.

Any directory of this type cannot be comprehensive. This one has a good representation of the many agencies that are available in each state and is excellent in providing those that are funded by the governments. The maps that are included are helpful to a point. The print on some is so small that one cannot read the names. All in all this is a recommended directory. It should be used in conjunction with any local and regional directories keeping in mind that there may be other agencies that are available which may not be listed. All public, medical, and academic libraries should have this directory in its latest edition.

320. AIDS and the New Orphans: Coping with Death, edited by Barbara O. Dane, Carol Levine. 1994. Auburn House, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 158p., bibliog., index. ISBN: 0-86569-220-3, 0-86569-249-1pbk. $49.95, $17.95pbk. (Descriptors: Children of AIDS Patients, Bereavement) (13 contributors to this volume)

The impact of AIDS on children is enormous. This book speaks to this problem by allowing "the reader to develop a fresh, albeit sobering, perspective on the scale and nature of problems faced by orphaned children." The contributors have provided an array of articles that clearly show how important family relationships are in dealing with the death of a parent. The need for continuity is vital if the child is to develop into an adult and the contributors show this in the papers in this book. The nine chapters cover: "The New Orphans and Grieving in the Time of AIDS," "Death and Bereavement," "Suffer the Little Children: The Child and Spirituality in the AIDS Crisis," "Parental Loss and Latency Age Children," "Adolescents and Parental Death from AIDS," "Latino Communities: Coping with Death," "Black American Communities: Coping with Death," "Bereavement and the New Guardians," and "Programs for Children and Adolescents."

This is an excellent book. In some parts of our society, death from AIDS is still not socially accepted and as a result the children suffer. We have such people as Reverend Phelps from Topeka, Kansas, who pickets the funerals of AIDS victims with signs that say faggots die, good riddance, and other non-printable remarks. As long as there are individuals who do this, we will have great difficulty in counseling the children of these victims. They many times do not understand unless they have a very strong family around them. That is the message of this book. The unfortunate aspect of this entire situation is that most of the children who will be orphaned by AIDS will come from socioeconomically disadvantaged minority families. The parent may not reveal that he or she has AIDS because of all the other problems that surround the family. Here is where proper counseling is needed so that these children can understand what is facing them and help them to cope with their loss. This book is highly recommended for all counselors and should be in all libraries.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated:09/26/95
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