A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 16 - April 1995


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Update: In issue 15 of the AIDS Book Review Journal, no. 306, a review of Second Decade of AIDS: A Mental Health Practice Handbook was published. The publisher, Hatherleigh Press, has announced that this book is its first offering as a CD-ROM product.

Reviewed in this issue:

321. Breaking the Surface, by Greg Louganis.
322. Drugs and AIDS, by Barbara Hermie Draimin.
323. Love and Roses from David: A Legacy of Living and Dying, by Robert J. Grant.
324. My Own Country: A Doctor's Story of a Town and Its People in the Age of AIDS, by Abraham Verghese.
325. Gynecological Care Manual for HIV Positive Women, by Risa Denenberg.
326. AIDS--Today, Tomorrow: An Introduction to the HIV Epidemic in America, 2nd ed., by Robert Searles Walker.
327. AIDS and Pregnancy: Reactions to Problems of HIV-Positive Pregnant Women and Their Children in Chiang Mai (Thailand), by Cisca Batterink, Rena de Roos, Ivan Wolffers, Ornanong Intarajit, Narin Karinchai.
328. All Things to All People: The Catholic Church Confronts the AIDS Crisis, by Mark R. Kowalewski.
329. Dr. Anderson's High-Fiber Fitness Plan, by James W. Anderson, Nancy J. Gustafson.
330. Primer of Drug Action: A Concise, Nontechnical Guide to the Actions, Uses, and Side Effects of Psychoactive Drugs, by Robert M. Julien.
331. Forgotten Children of the AIDS Epidemic, edited by Shelley Geballe, Janice Gruendel, Warren Andiman.
332. HIV Care: A Comprehensive Handbook for Providers, by Laurie J. Andrews, Laurie B. Novick.
333. Patient A and Other Plays/Five Plays by Lee Blessing.

Pre-1994 books briefly noted or reviewed

334. Men's Private Parts: An Owner's Manual, by James H. Gilbaugh, Jr.
335. New Concepts in AIDS Pathogenesis, edited by Luc Montagnier, Marie-Lise Gougeon.
336. AIDS, HIV and Mental Health, by Michael B. King.
337. AIDS and Contemporary History, edited by Virginia Berridge, Philip Strong.
338. Condoms in the Schools, edited by Sarah E. Samuels, Mark D. Smith.
339. Civil Rights, HIV Testing, Contact Tracing & Quarantine, by Neal Dickerson.
340. Promise and the Power: Public Policy Analysis and the AIDS Movement, by Neal Diãkerson.
341. HIV/AIDS Fact Finder, by National Conference of State Legislatures.

321. Breaking the Surface, by Greg Louganis with Eric Marcus. 1995. Random House, 201 E. 50th St., 22nd Fl., New York, NY 10022. 290p., illus. ISBN 0-679-43703-7. $23.00. (Descriptors: Divers, Biography, Olympics, Athletes)

This touching novel of a world renown athlete should be an inspiration to everyone--regardless of race, sex, or sexual orientation. Greg Louganis is truly a remarkable young man with a story that is sometimes hard to believe; not because he became famous as an Olympic diver, but because he survived very hard times growing up in a world that, for the most part, hated gays. Because of this, he had to live a very closeted life, became involved with an abusive partner, and eventually came out to the world that he was gay. The fact that he came out has not bothered those who look at him as a remarkable athlete, or those who look at a person for what he is and not for what he is labeled. Even though this young man came from a troubled family background, he grew up with a sincere desire to succeed in his athletic ability. This he did with the Olympics. He now is a spokesperson for all of those who are HIV positive, keeping a positive outlook on life, trying to educate those who do not know anything about AIDS, and proving that being gay is not easy, especially with the many anti-gay initiatives across the country. This is a must book to read by anyone--straight or gay, young or old, male or female. It is recommended for all libraries, especially school and public.

322. Drugs and AIDS, by Barbara Hermie Draimin. 1994. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 29 East 21st St., New York, NY 10010. 64p., illus., bibliog., index. (The Drug Abuse Prevention Library). ISBN 0-8239-1702-9. $14.95. (Descriptors: Adolescence, Juvenile Literature, Intravenous Drug Abuse, Drug Abuse)

This small book for young readers illustrates the many hazards of drugs, one of which is the potential of contacting AIDS. It begins with a story of David and Sarah who used drugs and both became HIV positive. The book then clearly discusses AIDS and how you may become infected from drug use and from having sex. It outlines how to prevent getting AIDS, discusses drug treatment, and presents pointers on what you can do. This is an excellent educational book that is well written giving a lot of good advice. It is highly recommended for all school and public libraries.

323. Love and Roses from David: A Legacy of Living and Dying, by Robert J. Grant. 1994. A.R.E. Press, 68th and Atlantic Ave., PO Box 656, Virginia Beach, VA 23451-0656. 212p., bibliog. ISBN 0-87604-311-2. $12.95. (Descriptors: Terminal Care)

This personal account of taking care of someone who is terminally ill is based on the last six months of David's life. Robert Grant has woven a beautiful story from the dialogues that he had with David as well as conversations with others who knew David and the various support groups that helped. It is a very moving book that will bring tears to your eyes and anger to your heart for there being such a devastating disease as AIDS! Robert has done an excellent job of showing us what death and dying are about, especially with those who have AIDS. The book is intended to send a message "that dying--especially people with AIDS--have much to teach the rest of humanity." Robert is currently a free-lance writer, publicist, and lecturer giving talks, workshops, and seminars dealing with death and dying, creative visualization, near-death experiences, and AIDS. This is a recommended book for counselors who deal with the terminally ill. It is also a recommended book for people with AIDS. All public libraries should have copies.

324. My Own Country: A Doctor's Story of a Town and Its People in the Age of AIDS, by Abraham Verghese. 1994. Simon and Schuster, Rockefeller Center, 1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 347p. ISBN 0-671-78514-1. $23.00. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Personal Story)

Abraham Verghese was a doctor in Johnson City, Tennessee when he encountered his first experience with a person with AIDS. Before he was to leave this town, he cared for 80 other patients, far more than anyone would have thought would be in such a remote area of the United States. It is a story of many varied individuals and how they coped with this disease that was so strange to them. The lives of everyone in the town were touched through sadness, humor, support, hope, prayer. It is a warm story of how a physician learned first hand about a disease that he never thought would touch his community. He tells how people tried to hide the disease, how they held out hope that all would get better, how they coped with the disease, and how they would go on with their daily lives in disbelief that a member of their family had AIDS. In addition to being a story about a town and its struggle against AIDS it is a story about a young physician who quickly learned that you cannot escape this disease. Verghese is currently a Professor of Medicine and Chief of Infectious Diseases at Texas Tech Health Sciences Center in El Paso, Texas. An excellent book for anyone to read, especially for those areas of the United States that believe AIDS will never touch them. Counselors and physicians will find it a good book to learn how people in a remote area become educated about AIDS and try to cope with their feelings and losses. All libraries should have this book.

325. Gynecological Care Manual for HIV Positive Women, by Risa Denenberg. 1994. Essential Medical Information Systems, Inc., PO Box 1607, Durant, OK 74702-1607. 171p., bibliog. ISBN 0-929240-58-8. $12.95. (Descriptors: Women, Gynecology, Education)

"This text will serve as a much needed reference, allowing those at the frontlines of care for HIV disease to enhance and incorporate gynecologic skills into their clinical practice." It is a struggle to motivate primary care providers to become more skilled in the care of HIV positive women, especially those who are of non-European ancestry and poor communities. There are currently well over 28,000 women with AIDS and very difficult to estimate the number of those who are HIV positive. The sad fact is that 75% of the women who have AIDS are women of color. Also, unfortunately, early symptoms of HIV illness are usually in the reproductive tract and have been inadequately studied. It is important that early recognition of any problems in the genital tracts of women is crucial so that treatment can begin sooner than later.

This handbook is intended to be brief and to the point giving upfront, no-nonsense advice and showing what should and should not be done. Thirty-one brief chapters cover everything from the definition of AIDS to pap smears to data collection to infections to sexual abuse and finally to safer sex guidelines for HIV positive women. There is even a chapter on the transsexual client. Each brief chapter provides a list of additional references for further more detailed information. This is an excellent outline that would be useful for physicians and care providers as well as HIV positive women. It is recommended for public, academic, and medical libraries.

326. AIDS Today, Tomorrow: An Introduction to the HIV Epidemic in America, 2nd ed. by Robert Searles Walker. 1994. Humanities Press International, Inc., 165 First Ave., Atlantic Highlands, NJ 07716-1289. 263p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-391-03859-1. $14.95. (Descriptors: History, Epidemic, Conflicts)

This is a brief overview of what is happening today in terms of what people know about AIDS, what is being done to combat the epidemic, and what the hope is for tomorrow. "The range of issues raised by the epidemic is extraordinary--from simple problems (avoiding infection), through tangled ones (the political difficulties of ensuring catastrophic health care), to the downright baffling (the complexities of vaccine development)." Walker studies all of these from many different angles so each person who reads this book can "think about the problems raised by AIDS for themselves, their communities, their nation, and their world."

The seven chapters cover: "AIDS: Plague or Epidemic? What's in a Word?"; "Parasites and People: Cohabitors of Earth"; "Then and Now: The Bubonic Plague and AIDS"; "Conflicts in Caring"; "Avoiding AIDS: The Problem of Behavior"; "The Infected Body Politic"; and "Into the Twenty-First Century with AIDS." Each of these summarizes the topics, providing extensive supplementary readings for those who want more detailed information. The book is not all doomsday. It has its bright places as well as its dark. For instance, the chapter on "Conflicts in Caring" quotes from an editorial in JAMA: "The perception of AIDS as a medical disease is changing. Previously considered fatal in the short term... AIDS now is viewed increasingly as a long term disease... in which therapy might significantly prolong life and some complications might be totally preventable."

The chapter on "The Problem of Behavior" is also interesting. Lies, statistics, and myths are discussed in view of what is known from many sources thus making us realize that we have to evaluate everything that is broadcast in whatever form, placing it in the context of our own personal lives. The last chapter discusses the twenty-first century, pointing out that the worst is to come on a worldwide basis, but there have been many significant advances. Walker points out that as of January of 1994, there were some 103 possible treatments that can combat opportunistic infections that arise in late-stage HIV infection.

This is a highly readable book, one that would be well used in qll libraries, including school libraries. Highly recommended.

327. AIDS and Pregnancy: Reactions to Problems of HIV-Positive Pregnant Women and Their Children in Chiang Mai (Thailand), by Cisca Batterink, Rena de Roos, Ivan Wolffers, Ornanong Intarajit, Narin Karinchai. 1994. VU University Press/Paul & Co. Publishers Consortium, Inc., PO Box 442, Concord, MA 01742. 118p., bibliog. ISBN 90-5383-329-3. Write for price. (Descriptors: Thailand, Children, Pregnant Women, Women)

The research for this book was conducted in Thailand, April to August, 1993. The book is a result of this research providing information on how the research was conducted and why. It provides the results of interviews and discusses issues concerning HIV positive pregnant women and their infants in Thailand. The conclusions show that there is a need for better training to be sure that health care staff recognize the symptoms of HIV positive pregnant women; that there be a non-stigmatizing approach to the issue; that and improvement in the counselling skills should be made. This may be specialized for Thailand, but much can be learned from the research that is taking place there. Thailand is taking the AIDS issue seriously and other countries would do well in following some of their efforts. Recommended for medical and large academic libraries.

328. All Things to All People: The Catholic Church Confronts the AIDS Crisis, by Mark R. Kowalewski. 1994. State University of New York Press, State University Plaza, Albany, NY 12246. 167p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7914-1777-8; 0-7914-1778-6pbk. $44.50, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Religious Aspects, Catholic Church, Patients)

"This study concerns a normative organization's struggle to maintain stability while accommodating to the exigencies posed by a social problem." With that said, the book tries to present the Catholic Church's response to AIDS and gays where homosexuality in the eyes of the Catholic Church is prohibited. In doing the research for this book, Kowalewski has examined the attitudes of many American Catholic bishops in their "care for the sick, AIDS education, and discrimination against both PWAs and gay persons." He also presents the views of those priests who have taken up AIDS ministry. It is to be noted that much of the data was from priests and bishops in California. This is the first study to deal exclusively with the Catholic hierarchy. There are 7 chapters: "Introduction," "Methods," "The Hierarchy Responds to AIDS," "Priests and AIDS Education," "Priests and PWAs," "Toward an Analysis of Ecclesiastical Organization," and "Toward a Normative Critique of Church Structures."

This is a very thought provoking book and one that all religious leaders should read, regardless of their faith. The Catholic Church has a unique way of looking at things as guided by the Vatican which does not specifically speak to AIDS in its doctrines but uses homosexuality as the cause of AIDS in gay men--"homosexual acts in themselves, rather than the AIDS virus, are responsible for the spread of AIDS." As a result, Church doctrine implies "that , in the interest of public health, the church cannot endorse laws protecting the civil rights of homosexuals, since it understands homosexual acts as life threatening." This small book has a lot for the reader to think about, particularly in its views towards gays. It is a book of conflicts but it does indicate how some in the hierarchy get around the conflicts. An excellent book for any public, medical, or academic library.

329. Dr. Anderson's High-Fiber Fitness Plan, by James W. Anderson, Nancy J. Gustafson. 1994. University Press of Kentucky, 663 S. Limestone St., Lexington, KY 40508-4008. 250p., spiral bound. ISBN 0-8131-1867-0. $19.95. (Descriptors: High-Fiber Diet, Recipes)

This is not an AIDS-targeted book, but, rather a book for suggestions on maintaining a healthy body regardless of what ailment may be involved. Nutrition is high on the list of concerns for any PWA. This book is only one of many that can help in this area. Anderson is "convinced that a sensible eating and lifestyle plan such as the one in this book will substantially improve your health and will be easier than you think." The text part of the book covers such topics as the "fiber fights," diet plans, quick loss plans, healthful living, cooking made easy, shopping made easy, and eating out made easy. The recipes include everything from appetizers to beverages to main dishes to desserts. The recipes are the "meat" of the book, giving for each recipe the calories, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, cholesterol, sodium, and fibers. Recommended for anyone who wants to work towards maintaining healthy eating habits. Also, a useful source for medical, academic, and public libraries.

330. Primer of Drug Action: A Concise, Nontechnical Guide to the Actions, Uses, and Side Effects of Psychoactive Drugs. 7th ed. by Robert M. Julien. 1995. W.H. Freeman, 41 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 511p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7167-2388-3, 0-7167-2619-Xpbk. $27.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Psychotropic Drugs, Psychopharmacology, Drugs)

This classic book, first published 20 years ago, is included because of the increase in AIDS cases that have a drug connection. The book provides "pharmacological information that is concise, accurate, and timely." It is intended for the educated layperson as well as the professional so that technical jargon is kept to a minimum. This 7th edition has added new insights on such drugs as anabolic-androgenic hormones, inhalants of abuse, and free-based methamphetamine (ICE). It includes discussions on psychotherapeutic agents, receptors, pharmacological intervention and treatment, and two new chapters: "Drugs Used in the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder" and "Psychology and Psychopharmacotherapy." This is not a book about AIDS and drugs, in fact, AIDS is not even listed in the index. However, the importance of anyone working with drug abusers who are also HIV positive will find the information in this book invaluable. Highly recommended for all medical libraries as well as large public and academic libraries.

331. Forgotten Children of the AIDS Epidemic, edited by Shelley Geballe, Janice Gruendel, Warren Andiman. 1995. Yale University Press, 302 Temple St., PO Box 209040, New Haven, CT 06520-9040. 283p., illus., bibliog., index. (A Yale Fastback). ISBN 0-300-06270-2, 0-300-06271-0pbk, 0-300-06360-1video. $25.00, $12.00pbk, $19.95video. (Descriptors: Children of AIDS Patients, Patients, Family Relationships, Services for Children of AIDS Patients, Psychology, Child Welfare) (17 contributors to this volume)

"This remarkable book brings together in an immensely useful way the expertise and insight of a coalition of diverse professionals whose work has brought them into the realm of HIV/AIDS as the epidemic impacts families directly," especially the children. "This book's primary goal is to place these forgotten children of the AIDS epidemic on the 'radar screen' of professionals, public policy makers, and community workers by providing, in one volume, a broad and comprehensive overview of the experience of the children who are affected by AIDS." It is an overview and not a definitive work providing social workers, teachers, school nurses, attorneys, judges, and other professionals suggestions for solutions based on what is happening now. The four parts are: "Voices: A Mother and Two Children," "The Challenge of AIDS to Children and Youth," "Responding to the Needs of Children and Youth Affected by AIDS," and "Voices: Children, Parents, and Caregivers."

This could be considered a handbook for those who work with these children. It provides a great deal of information along with touching insights into the thoughts, works, and views of the children involved. The psychological aspects as well as the legal ramifications are presented in straightforward discussions. In the sub-chapter, "Agenda for Action," the theme of the book can be stated "It is not enough simply to acknowledge the existence of, or even to feel sympathy for, these thousands of children affected by HIV disease. Their many needs must be addressed." The authors stress that we are speaking of now and not 2 or 5 or 10 years down the road. It is pointed out that if a natural disaster were to strike and leave thousands of children without parents, action would be immediate. It is not unlike a war where children are left without parents. The two "Voices" chapters tug at your heart and bring tears to your eyes.

This is a highly recommended book for all libraries and should be on the desks of any professional who is responsible for the well-being of these children without parents.

332. HIV Care: A Comprehensive Handbook for Providers, by Laurée J. Andrews, Laurie B. Novick. 1995. Sage Publications, Inc., 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. 220p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8039-7083-8, 0-8039-7150-8pbk. $45.00, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Patient Care, Care Providers)

"These guidelines are intended as a tool to assist practitioners in their care of people with HIV infection or at risk for HIV. They provide useful information about administering treatments but are in no way a substitute for the sound medical judgmeîts that clinicians must make in caring for individual patients." The authors have given as a preamble some philosophy statements: the guidelines are "written within the context of a rapidly evolving knowledge base on HIV and its management;" HIV is a chronic but manageable disease; decision making in partnership with the patient is very important; everything possible should be done to enhance the patient's quality of life; the disease affects the entire support system of the patient; and finally "A common thread woven throughout this guideline is the belief that a collaborative approach results in the best care."

To this end the authors have compiled an extremely useful and easy to use handbook that should be on the desk of all primary care providers who treat HIV positive individuals. There are 10 chapters: "HIV Counseling and Testing," "Working with Chemically Dependent Patients," "Working with Noncompliant Patients," "Mental Health, Psychosocial, and Spiritual Issues," "Medical Management," "HIV Infection in Women: Gynecologic Management Guidelines," "HIV Infection in Pregnant Patients: Management Guidelines," "Experimental and Complementary Therapies," "Guidelines for HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents or Those Suspected of Being HIV Infected," "Neuropsychological Manifestations of HIV Disease," "Housing and Home Care," "Financial Assistance," "Legal Issues," and "Resources." In addition there is a list of acronyms and abbreviations and a list of brand names for HIV-related drugs.

The information is in outline form going from the broad to the specific but with information that is up-to-date. The specific information can be found through the detailed table of contents or through the index. Of particular interest are the legal issues where the state laws for each state are outlined concerning reporting, informed consent, confidentiality, affirmative duty to disclose, quarantine, mandatory testing, and transmission crime. There is even a brief section on complementary or alternative therapies including statements on acupuncture, herbs, chiropractic therapy, massage, meditation, vitamins, exercise, and diet. This is a highly recommended book for all medical, public, and academic libraries; but especially for the professional primary care provider. It answers many questions for those who have not had the years of experience of dealing with HIV positive patients.

333. Patient A and Other Plays: Five Plays by Lee Blessing. 1995. Heinemann/Reed Elsevier, 361 Hanover St., Portsmouth, NH 03801-3912. 255p. ISBN 0-435-08662-6. $15.95. (Descriptors: Plays)

The five plays included in this volume are: "Two Rooms," "Down the Road," "Fortinbras," "Lake Street Extension," and "Patient A." Of these five, "Patient A" deals with an AIDS theme, the Kimberly Bergalis AIDS case. Blessing is a prolific playwright who presents a "characteristic depth of human feeling" and has the "insistence that the personal is the political." The play has three characters, one of which is Kim who has come back from death to tell her story to the other two characters and the audience of how she contacted AIDS from having her molars extracted. It has a political point of view as well as a personal. A recommended book for public and academic libraries and possibly school libraries.

334. Men's Private Parts: An Owner's Manual, by James H. Gilbaugh, Jr. 1993. Crown Publishers, Inc., 201 E 50th St., New York, NY 10022. 120p., illus., index. ISBN 0-517-88064-4. $12.00. (Descriptors: Andrology, Male Generative Organs)

An interesting book, not directly related to AIDS, but of interest to all men who have difficulty in describing symptoms to their primary care provider. It was originally published as A Doctor's Guide to Men's Private Parts. Covers all the vital information you need to know including ejaculation, condoms, vasectomy, impotence, prostate, bladder, and sex hints. There is a chapter on sexually transmitted diseases that has a brief page and a half on AIDS which stresses that if your physician is uncomfortable or unfamiliar with HIV or AIDS management, you should ask for a referral. The other STDs covered are: syphilis, gonorrhea, venereal warts, genital herpes, crabs, hepatitis B, molluscum contagiosum, chancroid, and nonspecific urethritis (NSU). Recommended for all libraries as well as personal use.

335. New Concepts in AIDS Pathogenesis, edited by Luc Montagnier, Marie-Lise Gougeon. 1993. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 323p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8247-9127-4. $99.75. (Descriptors: Pathogenesis, Etiology) (59 contributors to this volume)

Although there have been many new advances since 1993, this book is still a good reference survey of various data and concepts on AIDS pathogenesis. It is divided into three sections: "AIDS as a Viral Disease," "AIDS as an Immunological Disease," and "Hypotheses of AIDS Pathogenesis." This is a highly technical book for the researcher and professional and thus recommended for medical and large academic libraries.

336. AIDS, HIV and Mental Health, by Michael B. King. 1993. Cambridge University Press, 40 W 20th St., New York, NY 10011-4211. 197p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-521-45294-5, 0-521-42356-2pbk. $39.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Patients, Mental Health, HIV Infections)

King has "attempted to write a brief, critical account of the mental health aspects of HIV infection as it impacts on patients, professionals and other carers. Important evidence is reviewed, relating it to psychiatric clinical and research work in other fields and discussing practical management options." It is intended for mental health professionals who want a quick familiarization of the issues surrounding AIDS and HIV as both are related to mental health problems. It is a well-written book for those professionals covering such topics as psychological disorders, sexual behavior, illicit drug use, consequences, and stress. Recommended for all medical and academic libraries.

337. AIDS and Contemporary History, edited by Virginia Berridge, Philip Strong. 1993. Cambridge University Press, 40 W 20th St., New York, NY 10011-4211. 284p., bibliog., index. (Cambridge History of Medicine). ISBN 0-521-41477-6. $54.95. (Descriptors: History) (15 contributors to this volume)

Divided into two parts--"The Pre-History of AIDS" and "AIDS as History"--this book is intended to provide an insight on AIDS itself as an historic event. The pre-history part analyses "the contexts against which AIDS should be measured" while the second part looks at the political aspects as history. The final chapter has a discussion on the archival potential in the AIDS area. An excellent book covering the historical research potential for people who want to write about AIDS. It is very readable and would be useful in any academic library.

338. Condoms in the Schools, edited by Sarah E. Samuels, Mark D. Smith. 1993. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2400 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025. 137p. ISBN 0-944525-13-X. $5.00. (Descriptors: Condoms; School Policies on Condoms)

"The condom debate involves a clash of cultures: public health experts, AIDS activists, educators, parents, and teens all have differing perspectives on the best approach." An excellent book about condoms in schools covering current condom programs, a view from the schools, funding and policy options, legal issues, and research and evaluation. A case for the issuance of condoms is shown when the book states: "By the time they are twenty years old, 68% of females and 86% of males have had intercourse." The book makes an excellent case for the use of condoms for unwanted pregnancies and the prevention of STDs. Recommended for all libraries.

339. Civil Rights: HIV Testing, Contact Tracing and Quarantine, by Neal Arthur Dickerson. 1993. Monument Press, 230p., bibliog. (The Politics of AIDS, v.2). ISBN 0-930383-34-6. $12.00. (Descriptors: Political Aspects, Law and Legislation, Civil Rights)

A good summary of the legal issues surrounding HIV testing and its subsequent, repeated attempts to require contact tracing and even quarantine. It is well documented, written in a readable manner. It is intended to present the facts as they have developed in the last 10 or more years. Recommended for all academic libraries. This is the second of 6 volumes on AIDS covering such topics as large-scale testing programs, mandatory reporting, contact tracing, health care workers and HIV, dentists and HIV, Americans with Disabilities Act, immigration of HIV positive people, AIDS and the judiciary, public policy on AIDS, homophobia and HIV, and the religious right's campaign of hate against HIV sufferers and their agenda for an HIV holocaust.

340. Promise and the Power: Public Policy Analysis and the AIDS Movement, by Neal Arthur Dickerson. 1993. Monument Press, 153p., bibliog. (Politics of AIDS, v.1). ISBN 0-930383-33-8. $12.00. (Descriptors: Government Policy, Social Aspects)

The first of the 6-volume set that sets the tone for all volumes. Dickerson presents the facts in typical news reporter fashion, leaving the reader to delve deeper with the associated bibliographies. This volume covers a wide range of topics, including homosexuality, homophobia, and HIV; HIV in the military; hate campaigns; National Commission on AIDS; AIDS activism; and death with dignity and the right-to-die. Recommended for all public and academic libraries.

341. HIV/AIDS Fact Finder, by National Conference of State Legislatures, William T. Pound, Executive Director. 1993. National Conference of State Legislatures, 444 North Capitol St., NW, Ste 515, Washington, DC 20001. 101p., bibliog. ISBN 1-55516-702-0. $25.00. (Descriptors: Education, Statistics)

A well-written and presented guide covering in 7 parts: "HIV/AIDS Facts to Consider," "Adolescents and the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Stemming the Tide," "Recommendations for State Action on HIV and AIDS Prevention," "HIV Infected Health Care Workers: Debating the Issues," "Getting to the Point: HIV, Drug Abuse and Syringe Exchange in the United States," "Testing Sex Offenders for HIV," and "Protecting Health Care Workers from HIV infection." Excellent resource for policy makers, educators, and other professionals. Recommended for all libraries. It is periodically updated.


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