Reviewed in this issue:
Pre-1994 books briefly noted or reviewed.
This is the official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education. "This journal will serve as a forum devoted to the publication of original contributions that highlight existing and theoretical models of AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation." In addition to articles it contains reports from the field, critiques, perspectives, debates, critical reviews, book and film reviews, and meeting announcements. This is an excellent journal that covers many aspects of AIDS education. The articles are well researched and usually contain detailed bibliographies. The articles in issue two cover: "Differences in Perception of Risk for HIV Infection with Steady and Non-Steady Partners Among Homosexual Men," "Self-Disclosure of HIV-1 Antibody Test Results: The San Francisco General Hospital Cohort," "AIDS Education Intervention Utilizing a Person with AIDS: Examination and Clarification," "Culturally Sensitive AIDS Education and Perceived AIDS Risk Knowledge: Reaching the Know-It-All Teenager," "Development and Evaluation of an HIV-Risk Reduction Program for Female College Students," "Development of a Culturally, Theoretically, and Developmentally Based Survey Instrument for Assessing Risk Behaviors Among African-American Early Adolescents Living in Urban Low-Income Neighborhoods," and "Use of Ethnography in the Evaluation and Targeting of HIV/AIDS Education Among Latino Farm Workers." Issue three covers: "Effects of a Community Outreach Program in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Injection Drug Users in San Juan, Puerto Rico: An Analysis of Trends," "Interim Outcomes for a Community-Based Program to Prevent Perinatal HIV Transmission," "The Effect of a Single Affective HIV/AIDS Educational Program on College Students' Knowledge and Attitudes," "Harnessing the Heightened Public Awareness of Celebrity HIV Disclosures: Magic and Cookie Johnson and HIV Testing," "AIDS Prevention for African-American and Latino Women: Building Culturally and Gender-Appropriate Intervention," "Trends in Risk Behaviors for HIV Infection Among U.S. High School Students, 1989-1991," and "The Relationship of Substance Use with Sex to the Use of Condoms Among Young Adults in Two Urban Areas of Scotland." This is a recommended publication for academic and medical libraries as well as large public libraries.
387. AIDS Directory: An Essential Guide to the 1,500 Leaders in Research, Services, Policy, Advocacy and Funding, 1995-96 Edition, published by Kenneth F. Kahn; edited by Robert A. Maroldo, Marilyn Schaefer, Frank Baran, Michael Taliaferro. 1995. LRP Publications, 747 Dresher Road, Ste 500, Horsham, PA 19044. 808p., index. ISSN 1065-6162. $250.00. (Descriptors: Directory, Researchers, Services, Policies, Advocacy, Funding)
The first edition of this directory was published in 1993. As with many AIDS agencies, changes are constant. Trying to keep track of the changes in a directory can be an overwhelming job. "Consequently, The AIDS Directory 1995-1996 provides an updated look at the leaders in research, services, policy, and advocacy and funding. Many organizations are listed for the first time and the latest information has been compiled and verified to aid users in finding the right contact quickly." The directory has four stated purposes: 1. "To help members of the HIV community actively pool resources and information," 2. "To assist advocates, community-based organizations, health-care professionals, government officials and the general public tap into the information flow on HIV by presenting key access points," 3. "To help managers of service and other organizations find potential sources of funding," and 4. "To assist the public in finding its way through the welter of government programs and offices, particularly at the federal level."
The entries or "profiles" are arranged alphabetically and provide the following information: names and address of organization; voice telephone and fax number; organization type, its mission, and founding year; names of key officers, directors and staff; types of publications; areas of special focus; and funding sources, the names of organizations supported and the amounts granted to each. Ten different indexes help to access the information in these profiles. Six of the indexes are to organizations by location, type, type of support, services provided, focus areas, and officers, directors and staff. The remaining four indexes are to grant-making organizations, organizations supported, organizations with publications, and master index to organizations by name. Other information includes a listing of congressional contacts; federal programs funding AIDS-related research and services; a resource guide that contains a listing of leading newsletters, directories, and reports to assist in keeping current with the literature on AIDS, as well as several titles to assist in fund-raising activities; and listing of the national and state hotlines.
As with the second edition of any directory, improvements have been noticed. The agencies that are included have much more complete information and many agencies not found in the first edition are now in this edition. It is a very easy to use directory with the information under each profile arranged in a pleasing manner that provides quick access to the information. The indexes are extremely comprehensive, leaving nothing un-indexed. Of particular note is the index to those organizations that have publications, a very useful tool for anyone who wa~ts to collect and maintain publications in a particular area of the United States. Another very useful index is the one that is arranged by focus area. Here one can locate organizations that target such areas as adolescents, African Americans, elderly, Haitians, Hispanics, homosexuals, teachers, and women to name only a few of the some 130 focus areas that are identified.
Although somewhat expensive, this is a highly recommended directory for all medical and academic libraries as well as the large public libraries. It will be well used to locate facilities, individuals, resources, and other information that tends to be spread among many smaller publications.
388. AIDS Sourcebook, edited by Karen Bellenir, Peter D. Dresser. 1995. Omnigraphics, Inc., Penobscot Bldg., Detroit, MI 48226. 831p., index. (Health Reference Series, v.4). ISBN 0-7808-0031-1. $80.00. (Descriptors: Sourcebook, History, Government Information)
The title of this book may be somewhat misleading in being a sourcebook in the broadest sense. It is, however, an excellent sourcebook for the hundreds of publications that are produced by the many governmental agencies, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH), The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the National Commission on AIDS. We can only hope that the current congress does not cut funding to these agencies so that they cannot disperse the much needed information for the general public and researchers. The documents that were chosen for this sourcebook are intended for the interested layperson. The information is arranged among 7 parts. Part 1--"Historical and Statistical Information About AIDS" presents an historical and statistical overview; Part 2--"Selected Reports of the National Commission on AIDS" provides and insight on the great struggle the government has had to endure to meet the medical challenges of the HIV virus; Part 3--"Living with HIV/AIDS--Medical Information for the HIV/AIDS Patient" provides background information about HIV transmission, the immune system, opportunistic infections, and clinical trials; Part 4--"Coping with Social, Legal, Psychological, and Emotional Issues" provides information about testing, counseling, health insurance, legal protections afforded by the Americans with Disabilities Act, and information about Social Security and SSI Benefits; Part 5--"AIDS Prevention" describes various programs that are designed to help stop the spread of the virus; Part 6--"AIDS Research" outlines the latest information about scientific discoveries related to HIV and AIDS; and Part 7--"Additional Resources" lists many additional resources for the layperson.
One does not realize how much the government has published about HIV and AIDS until this book is scanned. If only the various documents that are included had been placed in the hands of those who needed them at the time they were published. There is a wealth of information here that can provide much educational assistance to anyone who teaches classes about AIDS and the HIV virus. It is a must book for all libraries and should be on the desk of each and every congressional leader. Unfortunately congress pays little attention to what is published, only how much it costs to publish it. Hopefully the editors will continue to collect what is being published by the governmental agencies and provide another book to update this one. Highly recommended.
389. HIV-Negative: How the Uninfected Are Affected by AIDS, by William I. Johnston. 1995. Insight Books/Plenum, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013-1578. 332p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-306-44947-1, 0-306-44951-Xpbk. $24.95, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Gay Men, AIDS Phobia) (15 contributors to this volume)
This book "is the first book published which begins to describe the emotional and psychological landscape of the uninfected after a dozen years of the plague." For too long the uninŠected have been "expected to be well-adjusted, grateful people; specific psychological, spiritual, or existential needs should remain unspoken." William Johnston has brought together stories and testimonies that will shatter the silence that these brave individuals have had for so many years. The stories reveal the many ways they have survived and faced more and more losses of friends and loved ones. It will shock you into reality that these individuals are having a tough time. It has been estimated that half of them are on antidepressants and antianxiety medication with drug and alcohol relapse and suicide activity mounting.
There are 23 accounts with titles that include "Like Ripping a Bandage Off," "Hope is Victory," "A Snake in Your Pocket," "Pillars of Monogamy," "Deciding What's Unsafe," and "My Seed Is in You." These are stories that will keep your attention and make you stop and think and in some instances place yourself in the story. The book "encourages all to speak the truths of our lives, however ugly, painful, or bizarre." The more we talk about it, the more we will understand it, and the better off we will be. Self-denial is always there, but when you realize that you are not alone, then it is easier to cope. An excellent book for all HIV-negative individuals who have lost someone to AIDS. Everyone needs some comfort at sometime in their lifetime, this book will provide some of that comfort. Every library should have copies.
390. Nutritional Care for HIV-Positive Persons: A Manual for Individuals and Their Caregivers, by Saroj M. Bahl, James F. Hickson. 1995. CRC Press, 2000 Corporate Blvd, NW, Boca Raton, FL 33431. 193p., illus., bibliog., index. (Modern Nutrition). ISBN 0-8493-7843-5. $49.95. (Descriptors: Diet Therapy, Nutrition)
"This book is a concise treatment of the principles, rules, and directions needed to address issues relating to diet and nutrition for persons living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the AIDS virus." It is intended for those infected with the virus and their caregivers. The authors are very optimistic that the role of diet and nutrition are extremely important in the well-being of those who are infected. "There is a considerable body of experience regarding dietary behaviors and nutritional status to show that diet and nutrition can play a valuable role in the management of HIV infection and AIDS." The 8 chapters cover "Diet and Nutrition for Optimal Immune Function," "Body Weight, Illness, and Death," "Chronic Diarrhea," "Oral and Esophageal Complications: Nutritional Management," "Drug-Induced Nutritional Complications and Their Management," "Defensive Eating," "Alcohol," and "HIV Infection in Women, Infants, and Children." The first chapter is especially important in that it outlines what the dietary recommendations could be for HIV infected individuals stressing vitamins and the eating a variety of foods.
This is a book full of straight forward advice. It does not beat around the bush and does not give any false hopes. It does stress again and again that proper eating is essential to maintaining health and warding off infection. Any HIV-positive individual will find a great deal of information contained in this book that can help them live a normal life for a long time. Highly recommended for all libraries.
391. Spontaneous Healing: How to Discover and Enhance Your Body's Natural Ability to Maintain and Heal Itself, by Andrew Weil. 1995. Alfred A. Knopf, 201 E 50th St., New York, NY 10022. 309p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-679-43607-3. $23.00. (Descriptors: Naturopathy, Healing)
"The main theme of this book is very simple: The body can heal itself. It can do so because it has a healing system." Weil describes his spontaneous healing in three parts: "The Healing System," "Optimizing the Healing System," and "If You Get Sick." He does this in clear and concise language so that anyone can understand what he has to say. Case histories are provided with what he calls ":irrefutable and inspiring evidence." Specific and detailed information on foods is provided as well as discussions about environmental factors, exercise, stress reduction, vitamins, supplements, and herbs that can aid the body. What is presented in this book is not intended to take the place of professional treatment in the medical field but is recommended to work with treatments. A lot of what is presented is common sense living and eating, trying to live with less stress, good food, and good company around you. He does mention several alternative treatments such as acupuncture, ayurvedic medicine, biofeedback, body work, traditional Chinese medicine, chiropractic, guided imagery and visualization therapy, herbal medicine, holistic medicine, homeopathy, hypnotherapy, naturopathy, osteopathic manipulative therapy, religious healing, and therapeutic touch.
This is a powerful book which will not be accepted by everyone in the medical profession. It does, however, provide another way to cope with illnesses of all types and try to get the body to heal itself. There is an internal healing system in our bodies that has not been talked about to any extent. This book will provide some insight into that healing system. Recommended for all libraries.
392. How Sex Works: A Clear, Comprehensive Guide for Teenagers to Emotional, Physical, and Sexual Maturity, by Elizabeth Fenwick, Richard Walker. 1994. Dorling Kindersley, 95 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 96p., illus., index. ISBN 1-56458-505-0. $14.95. (Descriptors: Sex, Sex Instruction for Teenagers, Teenagers, Sexual Behavior, Sexual Hygiene)
"There is probably no more sensitive or controversial topic involving teenagers today than their sexual lives." Bring up sex education with the general public and you will have as many ideas on how to teach it as you have individuals in the audience. In this day of AIDS and STDs it is essential that teenagers know as much about the workings of sex as possible. The authors of this book have written an extremely up to date book with their aim "to provide straight answers to all the kinds of questions a young person naturally has." The illustrations are excellent with the photographs of teens being very well represented. The drawings are clear, crisp, and accurate depicting the female and male reproductive organs to conception and a baby in the womb. The seven parts cover "Understanding the Body," "Relationships and Emotions," "What Happens During Sex," "Contraception," "Pregnancy and Being a Parent," "Sex and Health," and "Problem Areas." The section on condoms is well presented with good illustrations of how to use the male and the female condom. Also the discussion of HIV and AIDS is simple, to the point, and accurate. The chapter on gays and lesbians is also well written.
This is a very good book that presents the facts of sex in a way that is not degrading to the teenager. Parents who are very protective may find the book a bit too explicit. Unfortunately, what parents want and what really happens do not always follow the same road. This book will help those teenagers who have difficulty talking about sex with their parents. Schools will find this a very acceptable book, although some religions will object to the birth control discussions. Nevertheless it is a recommended book for all school and public libraries as well as home use.
393. Man, Medicine and Microbe: The Science of AIDS and Long-Term Survival, by Neal Arthur Dickerson. 1994. Monument Press, PO Box 140361, Las Colinas, TX 75014-0361. 179p., bibliog. (The Politics of AIDS, v.6). ISBN 0-930383-39-7. $15.00. (Descriptors: Political Aspects, HIV Infections, Prevention and Control, Health Policy, Managed Care Programs, AIDS Therapy)
Neal Dickerson is a long-term survivor of AIDS who has written many books dealing with the disease and all of its ramifications on society. He is a former news producer and thoroughly researches his books. In this book he "discusses the beginnings of the current crisis, HIV-2, the possible pathogenesis of AIDS, renegade research and alternative theories of AIDS pathogenesis, reverse transcriptase inhibitors--non- and nucleoside analogues, protease inhibitors, antisense, vaccines, immunomodulators, treatments for opportunistic infections, alternative treatments, and long-term survival and survivors who contracted this deadly equal opportunity virus." This is an easy to read book with as little jargon as possible. Dickerson presents the facts, is optimistic at times, and pessimistic at other times. This is a book to read if you have not read any other book, just to get caught up on what AIDS and HIV really mean to the life of an individual. Since he is a long-term survivor, he advocates "Be Here for the Cure" which rejects the notion that everyone infected with the HIV virus will die. "The campaign's premise is that, despite the failure to develop and market new AIDS drugs, scientific advances are proceeding at a rate that, if people's lives are extended significantly, they will survive to a point when a cure or other effective treatments can be found." This is a recommended book for all libraries.
394. Second Plague of Europe: AIDS Prevention and Sexual Transmission Among Men in Western Europe, by Michael Pollak. 1994. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 123p., index. ISBN 1-56023-020-7. $24.95. (Descriptors: Europe, Prevention, Sexual Behavior, Gay Men)
Michael Pollak died in 1992 at the age of 43 and was Director of Research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris at the time of his death. He was an excellent sociological researcher who was known for his history of social sciences and the analysis of social identity in extreme situations. His studies of gay men is well known, especially in regards to their lifestyles in the age of AIDS. Being gay, HIV-positive, and having knowledge of gay communities gave him the power to delve into the impossible--"Integrating the human factor into his sociological work."
The book is divided into three parts: Part 1--"Organizing the Fight Against AIDS" discusses prevention and its instruments; Part 2--"Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Changes" covers methodologies of assessment research that has been undertaken in Western Europe and the resulting behavior changes; and Part 3--"Concluding Remarks" discusses successes and failures of prevention as shown by an analysis of epidemiological data. Of particular interest are charts showing the number of homo-bisexual AIDS cases from 1980 to 1990 in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany FDR, Greece, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom. Any researcher could learn a great deal from the techniques that Pollak used in his research. A highly recommended book for academic libraries.
395. Practices of Freedom: Selected Writings on HIV/AIDS, by Simon Watney. 1994. Duke University Press, PO Box 90660, Durham, NC 27708-0660. 286p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8223-1553-X, 0-8223-1564-5pbk. $49.95, $15.95pbk. (Descriptors: Writings, Social Aspects)
Simon Watney has been a leading voice on HIV/AIDS education in Great Britain and the United States. This book is a selection of his writings on such topics as gay men's safer sex education, AIDS in Africa, ethics of clinical trials, governmental policies, and de-gaying of AIDS service organizations. These are strong essays that are meant to cause a reaction and yet be accurate in what is written. The essays are from 1986-1992, including: "AIDS, Moral Panic Theory, and Homophobia," "The Spectacle of AIDS," "Missionary Positions: AIDS, Africa, and Race," "Safer Sex as Community Practice," "Re-Gaying AIDS," "Bad, Mad and Dangerous," and "Gay Teenagers and Gay Politics."
His final essay "Powers of Observation: AIDS and the Writing of History" is especially interesting in how the history of this disease is evolving but not ready to be written. He discusses the many problems that creep into any history, thus preventing it from being accurate. He stands high above many writers in defending the gays who have so valiantly fought this disease and tried to gain services for everyone, sometimes neglecting txeir own. He is disgusted at the amount of money that is wasted on "dreadful AIDS education aimed at the general public" while little is done on behalf of the gay man. He ends with "It is the historians' responsibility to narrate, and not to further legitimate the vast, ongoing atrocity that is AIDS." How true! An excellent book full of much to make your blood boil. This is a must read book for all activists and for all historians. It would be an excellent book for any library.
396. Ultimate Love: A Life of Soul and Searching, by Kitty Caley. 1994. Dorrance Publishing Co., 643 Smithfield St., Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 312p. ISBN 0-8059-3559-2. $20.00. (Descriptors: Family, Social Aspects)
Kitty Caley is a real estate broker in Dallas. Her only son, Chip, was diagnosed with AIDS. In order to cope with her grief, she wrote this book of her experiences she endured through her son's long illness and eventual death. It is a biographical novel of Chip. Kitty thought the world of her son, raising him through a divorce and remarriage and watching him leave home to make his way in New Orleans. She suspected that he was gay and was proven right, but this does not change the bond that she and Chip had. When Chip comes back home after becoming ill, Kitty learns a great deal about a disease which was so new and so frightening. She "eloquently chronicles the horror of AIDS, seeing it from both the eyes of the victim and of those who love him." This a heart warming story full of love and sadness. It shows how a mother's love for her gay son endures ever so strong to the end. It is a recommended book for any family that has a loved member diagnosed with AIDS. All libraries should have copies. Highly recommended.
397. The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance, by Laurie Garrett. 1994. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 19 Union Square W., New York, NY 10003. 750p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-374-12646-1. $25.00. (Descriptors: Epidemiology, Popular Works, Communicable Diseases)
This excellent formidable book explores "the recent history of disease emergence, examining in roughly chronological order examples that highlight reasons for microbial epidemics and the ways humans respond, as cultures, scientists, physicians, bureaucrats, politicians, and religious leaders." It also "examines the biology of evolution at the microbial level, looking closely at ways in which disease agents and their vectors are adapting to counter the defensive weapons used to protect human beings" and it "looks at means by which humans are actually aiding and abetting the microbes through ill-planned development schemes, misguided medicine, errant public health, and shortsighted political action/inaction." This is definitely not a book that is picked up and read in an evening. It covers many areas, many which need re-reading in order to fully understand what has happened and what might happen. Some s´lutions are offered. It tells the stories of the many who have battled microbial threats since the end of World War II. Unfortunately, "The skills needed to describe and recognize perturbations in the Homo sapiens microecology are disappearing with the passing of the generations, leaving humanity, lulled into a complacency born of proud discoveries and medical triumphs, unprepared for the coming plague."
This is an excellent history of diseases full of surprises and sometimes little known facts about a particular disease. As Jonathan M. Mann states, "nature has many hidden places and surprises still in store." There are 17 detailed chapters covering: "Machupo: Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever," "Health Transition: The Age of Optimism--Setting Out to Eradicate Disease," "Monkey Kidneys and the Ebbing Tides: Marburg Virus, Yellow Fever, and the Brazilian Meningitis Epidemic," "Into the Woods: Lassa Fever," "Yambuku: Ebola," "The American Bicentennial: Swine Flu and Legionnaires' Disease," "N'zara: Lassa, Ebola, and the Developing World's Economic and Social Policies," "Revolution: Genetic Engineering and the Discover of Oncogenes," "Microbe Magnets: Urban Centers of Disease," "Distant Thunder: Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Injecting Drug Users," "Hatari: Vinidogodogo (Danger: A Very Little Thing): The Origins of AIDS," "Feminine Hygiene (As Debated, Mostly, by Men): Toxic Shock Syndrome," "The Revenge of the Germs, or Just Keep Inventing New Drugs: Drug-Resistant Bacteria, Viruses, and Parasites," "Thirdworldization: The Interactions of Poverty, Poor Housing, and Social Despair with Disease," "All in Good Haste: Hantaviruses in America," "Nature and Homo Sapiens: Seal Plague, Cholera, Global Warming, Biodiversity, and the Microbial Soup," and "Searching for Solutions: Preparedness, Surveillance, and the New Understanding." Needless to say, looking over these chapters makes a chill run up and down one's spine.
This is a must book for any medical historian to read and an important one for any sociologist's library. This is a well-documented book with over 100 pages of bibliographical notes. The concern that is being written can be summed up from the last chapter: "While the human race battles itself, fighting over ever more crowded turf and scarcer resources, the advantage moves to the microbes' court. They are our predators and they will be victorious if we, Homo sapiens, do not learn how to live in a rational global village that affords the microbes few opportunities." All libraries would benefit from this highly recommended book.
398. AIDS: Crisis in Professional Ethics, edited by Elliot D. Cohen, Michael Davis. 1994. Temple University Press, 1601 N. Broad St., University Services Bldg., Room 305, Philadelphia, PA 19122. 276p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-56639-164-4, 1-56639-165-2pbk. $49.95, $22.95pbk. (Descriptors: Moral and Ethical Aspects, Ethics) (14 contributors to this volume)
Professional ethics in this time of AIDS is becoming an increasing concern. It is creating conflicts in many areas, resulting in bad press and legal intanglements. This book focuses on some of those conflicts, especially the "moral choices of individual practitioners rather than on empirical research or social policy." Practitioners are identified as physicians, nurses, dentists, counselors, preschool teachers, business managers, college administrators, lawyers, clergy, journalists, and politicians. More than anything else, the essays in this volume examine "the impact of AIDS on a number of professions (or semiprofessions)," and it provides "a relatively comprehensive view of the moral ramifications of one of today's urgent social problems." The titles of the 11 chapters show the wide range of professional ethics problems when dealing with AIDS: "AIDS: Moral Dilemmas for Physicians," "Nursing and AIDS: Some Special Challenges," "The Dentist's Obligation to Treat Patients with HIV: A Patient's Perspective," "HIV and the Professional Responsibility of the Early Childhood Educator," "AIDS in the Workplace: Options and Responsibilities," "Leading by Example: AIDS Policy and the University's Social Responsibilities," "What Would a Virtuous Counselor Do?: Ethical Problems in Counseling Clients with HIV," "The Attorney, the Client with HIV, and the Duty to Warn," "AIDS: A Transformative Challenge for Clergy," "Journalistic Responsibilities and AIDS," and "AIDS and a Politician's Right to Privacy."
This would be an excellent supplementary text for any ethics class. It is also recommended for everyone who is engaged in one of the above mentioned professions. There is much to gain in trying to understand just what the moral dilemmas are. For those who want additional information there is a 16-page "Bibliography on AIDS and Professional Ethics." This is a highly recommended book for academic and medical libraries, as well as large public libraries.
399. AIDS in Prison, edited by Philip A. Thomas, Martin Moerings. 1994. Dartmouth Publishing Co., Old Post Road, Brookfield, VT 05036. 148p., bibliog. (Socio-Legal Studies). ISBN 1-85521-297-8. $57.95. (Descriptors: Epidemiology, Prisoners, Correctional Institutions) (16 contributors to this volume)
"This book on AIDS and HIV in prison carries a unique collection of comparative data and associated analysis written by experts from eleven countries." The countries covered include Norway, Germany, Poland, England, Wales, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Canada, and USA. For each country the "laws and procedures and the true extent of their application within the prison systems are reviewed." It also covers such issues as drug usage by prisoners, homosexual practices, early release, drug-free units, education, and the availability of condoms and bleach. The European Court of Human Rights has stated "It is the deprivation of liberty which acts as the formal punishment, and, apart from this, prisoners should retain as many civil rights as possible." AIDS and HIV positive individuals present many problems for prisons around the world. The editors of this work hope that the surveys of the various countries will produce an international guideline on how AIDS should be handled in prisons. It is not a problem that will go away. Knowledge about AIDS and HIV varies greatly among prison personnel with some knowing very little about the disease or believing only the myths that have arisen around it. "Ultimately, the humanity of a nation's response to HIV must be judged by how it treats its most despised and outcast citizens." This is an interesting book that should be required reading of all prison directors around the world. It is recommended for all academic libraries.
400. Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, by Edward O. Laumann, John H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, Stuart Michaels. 1994. University of Chicago Press, 5801 Ellis Ave, 4th Floor, Chicago, IL 60637. 718p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-226-46957-3. $65.00. (Descriptors: Sex Customs, Sexual Behavior Surveys)
"The devastating outbreak of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s caught the public health community ill-informed about sexual behavior." The authors believe that better information might have given better epidemiological models, helped public educators, and provided policy makers better information. This book is intended to provide as much information as possible about the sexual behavior of adults in the United States. "Part 1 contains the theoretical foundations and the substantive rationale for our study." and part 2 reports "findings about sexual behavior." This is a research oriented book that takes a great deal of thought in reading. All aspects of sexual behavior are covered including number of partners, sexual networks, homosexuality, first time sex, and forced sex. A third part of the book covers "Sex, Health, and Happiness," "Sexually Transmitted Infections," "Sex and Fertility," "Sex, Cohabitation, and Marriage," and Normative Orientations Toward Sexuality."
This is a recommended book for anyone beginning AIDS research. Although the book has been criticized, it does have some good overall information that would be useful. As with any surveys, one must always be concerned with how honest an individual is in answering the questions, especially when it covers intimate sexual habits. Many individuals do not like to even admit to some of their fantasies or actual experiences. All medical and academic libraries should have copies of this book as well as the larger public libraries.
401. Friend of the Groom, by Jan-Mitchell Sherril. 1993. Stonewall Series/New Poets Series, 541 Piccadilly Road, Baltimore, Maryland 21204. 94p. ISBN 0-932616-41-0. $10.00. (Descriptors: Poems)
These are poems of sex, not in its erotic sense, but in the tenderness that can come from it or the anger that results from it. As David Bergman states in the introduction: "AIDS has turned sex into forgetfulness and in so doing made it a terror we have not seen before, and because it has wiped so many gay men from history, it threatens to impose an even more deep amnesia than society usually imposes on generations of gay men." He also states "the terror that sex will become always a form of forgetfulness, that the erotic from now on will forever be either unmemorable safe or unsafe to remember. Sherrill dares to remember, and he dares us to remember with him." This is a highly recommended book and should be in all libraries.
402. Hypoglycemia and the Need to Practice It, by Joel Zizik. 1993. Stonewall Series/New Poets Series, 541 Piccadilly Road, Baltimore, MD 21204. 62p. ISBN 0-932616-42-9. $8.95. (Descriptors: Poems)
There are 18 poems in this collection with titles such as "The First Day of Army Basic Training," "Gay Men in the Military," "Your Feral, Familial History," "Nureyev in Paris," and "Pneumocystis." These are not happy poems but poems with a meaning that is deep, poems that many can relate to. They should be read and re-read. Recommended for all libraries.
403. Theory of Reasoned Action: Its Application to AIDS-Preventive Behaviour, edited by Deborah J. Terry, Cynthia Gallois, Malcolm McCamish. 1993. Pergamon Press, 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153. 326p., bibliog., index. (International Series in Experimental Social Psychology, v.28). ISBN 0-08-041932-1. $72.90. (Descriptors: Prevention, Safe Sex in AIDS Prevention, Health Behavior, Health Attitudes, Australia, HIV Infections, Sex Behavior) (20 contributors to this volume)
This book is the result of a symposium on HIV/AIDS held at the 1991 Australian Social Psychology Conference. "The chapters in the book present a range of the social-psychological research on safer sex conducted in Australia over the past few years." Most of the papers that are presented are based on either theory of reasoned action or theory of planned behavior. The 14 chapters cover: "The Theory of Reasoned Action and Health Care Behaviour," "Applying the Theory of Reasoned Action to the Prediction of AIDS-Preventive Behaviour," "Influences on Condom Use Among Undergraduates," "Predicting AIDS-Preventive Behaviour among Adolescents," "Attitudes Towards Condoms and the Theory of Reasoned Action," "The Theory of Reasoned Action as Applied to AIDS Prevention for Australian Ethnic Groups," "Extending the Theory of Reasoned Action," "Self-Efficacy Expectancies and the Theory of Reasoned Action," "Theory of Reasoned Action and the Role of Perceived Risk in the Study of Safer Sex," "Application of the Theory of Reasoned Action to the Measurement of Condom Use Among Gay Men," "Theory Based Intervention," "Theory of Reasoned Action and Problem-Focused Research," "On the Need to Mind the Gap," and "Flaws in the Theory of Reasoned Action." Recommended book for all medical and academic libraries.
404. Women and HIV/AIDS: An International Resource Book, edited by Marge Berer, Sunanda Ray. 1993. Pandora Press/HarperCollins, 10 E. 53rd St., New York, NY 10022-5299. 383p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-04-440876-5. $22.00. (Descriptors: Women, Sexual Transmission, Safer Sex, Contraceptives, Condoms) (46 contributors to this volume)
This book contains "Information, action and resources on women and HIV/AIDS, reproductive health and sexual relationships." This is a very good general resource for women. "It brings together existing knowledge and experience of HIV and AIDS from a women-centred perspective, so that it can be shared with others, adapted and used in an appropriate form." It covers such topics as epidemiology, HIV/AIDS related illnesses, blood-to-blood transmission, safe motherhood, sexual transmission of HIV, safer sex, contraceptives and condoms, safer relationships, women living with HIV/AIDS, and testing and screening. Although it has a British slant, it is a highly readable book and recommended for all libraries.
405. Take Off the Masks: The Classic Spiritual Autobiography, revised with a new epilogue by Malcolm Boyd. 1993. HarperCollins, 10 East 53rd St., New York, NY 10022. 207p. ISBN 0-06-060863-3. $12.00. (Descriptors: Episcopal Church Clergy, Anglican Communion, Gays)
This is "Malcolm Boyd's impassioned story of his lifelong struggle to reconcile his love for God with his love for men." He has been a writer-priest-in-residence and chaplain of the AIDS Ministry Commission of the Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles. This is a very warm and bravely written book that shows the struggles of a priest who has come out of the closet. It shows that one can be a man of God and still be gay and have compassion for all of those around him. More clergy should read this book and not be so quick to point the finger and saying that they are going against God's will. Here is a person who is doing God's will. Highly recommended for all libraries.
406. The Slow Plague: A Geography of the AIDS Pandemic, by Peter Gould. 1993. Blackwell Publishers, 238 Main St., Ste 501, Cambridge, MA 02142. 228p., illus., bibliog, index. (Liber Geographicus pro Bono Publico) ISBN 1-55786-419-5. $44.95. (Descriptors: Epidemiology, Medical Geography)
This is a very interesting book to read, full of facts and sometimes surprises. It is meant to be read by the layperson who has absolutely no interest in geography but is curious as to how geography and AIDS can be placed together. Gould does an excellent job in accomplishing this and provides an insight that is sometimes overlooked by those who are doing AIDS research. He states in his preface: "That is why this book is one of a series labeled 'liber geographicus pro bono publico--a geographical book for the public good', which sounds just a bit pretentious until we translate it more loosely as 'a book for the busy but still curious public'." It is an excellent description of HIV and explains how the virus has "jumped from city to city" as it created the many epicenters that radiated much as an earthquake. A recommended book for all libraries.