Old Books briefly noted.
"The word privacy does not appear in the United States Constitution. Yet ask anyone and they will tell you that they have a fundamental right to privacy." This book looks at all the aspects of the right to privacy and how the legal system protects it. It appears that there is less privacy than there used to be and the authors have verified this and "concluded that things were worse than we originally thought." Although the book does not touch on AIDS specifically, one can certainly see where it could become a privacy issue. The first section covers privacy and the law enforcement: "Joan W. v. City of Chicago: The Strip Search Cases," "People of New York v. Hollman: The Drug Interdiction Cases," and "New Jersey v. T.L.O.: The School Search Cases." The second section covers privacy and your self: "From Griswold to Casey: The Contraception and Abortion Cases," "Davis v. Davis: The Frozen Embryos Case," "In re A.C.: The Forced Cesarean Case," "Quill v. Koppell: The Right-Die Cases," and Doe v. City of New York: The Other Constitutional Right to Privacy." In all of these examples and the ones that follow, the cases are discussed and presented as topics of concern by the general public.
The third section covers privacy v. the press: "The Right to Be Let Alone," "Hall v. Post: The Case of an Adoption Revealed (private facts)," "Miller v. NBC: The Case of the Televised Death (intrusion)," "Braun v. Flynt: The Case of the Swimming Pig (false light)," and "Arrington v. The New York Times Company: The Case of the Cover Photo (appropriation)." The next section is privacy v. the voyeur: "Cooper v. Anderson: The Sex Tape Case" and "McCall v. The Sherwood Inn: The Peephole Cases." Finally, the last part covers privacy in the workplace: "Soroka v. Dayton Hudson Corp.: Psychological Testing," "Shahar v. Bowers: Lifestyle Monitoring," and "Shoars v. Epson America, Inc.: High-Tech Monitoring." All of these cases are interesting and though provoking providing answers and more questions. Alderman and Kennedy hope that this book will "enrich the discussion, shed light on many of the misunderstandings, and illuminate the real-life, everyday impact of one of the most important issues of our time" A very timely book for all to read and highly recommended for all libraries.
504.. Children, Families, and HIV/AIDS: Psychosocial and Therapeutic Issues, edited by Nancy Boyd-Franklin, Gloria L. Steiner, Mary G. Boland. 1995. Guilford Press, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. 334p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-89862-147-X, 0-89862-502-5pbk. $40.00, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Children, Social Aspects, Psychological Aspects, Patients, Family Relationships, Services for Patients) (Contributors: Julia del C. Aleman, Jacqueline A. Bartlett, Mary G. Boland, Nancy Boyd-Franklin, Patricia M. Brady, Lynn Czarniecki, Elizabeth W. Drelich, Haftan Eckholdt, Katherine A. Gomez, Heidi J. Haiken, Jennis Hanna, David C. Harvey, Michele M. Jean-Gilles, Steven E. Keller, Patricia Kloser, Theresa Kreibick, Mary Ellen La Brie, Olivia R. Lewis, Sandra Lewis, Mark Mintz, Bradley C. Norford, James M. Oleske, Sylvia W. Pollock, Ann Silver Pozen, Steven J. Schleifer, Elena Schwolsky-Fich, Laurie N. Sherwen, Hazel Staloff, Gloria L. Steiner, Cherly L. Thmpson, Marge Lurato Torrance, Susan Tross)
Over 240,000 lives have been lost to AIDS in the United State over the past 13 years with an estimated one million living with the HIV virus. Those are overwhelming figures. It is becoming more and more true that everyone is touched by AIDS in some way. "The secondary effects of HIV on the individual lives of affected people, the economic loss it causes, and its societal impact are only now being recognized." Those who are touched by the virus are increasingly coming forward for help and support. This book is intended to be a resource for "psychologists, family counselors, counselors, physicians, nurses, social workers, teachers, and other service providers working with children, youths, and families whose lives have been affected by HIV infection, either through infection itself or through the loss of a parent, relative, friend, or coworker to AIDS." There are many words that creep into many of the chapters such as stigma, fears of cantagion, shame, guilt, anger, secrecy, social isolation, denial, and death. All of these words impact on the lives of the children and their families. The contributors have done an excellent job of presenting various perspectives that can help counselors and others in working with children and families. The first chapter provides and overview followed by: "The Health Care Needs of Infants and Children," "Neurological and Neurodevelopmental Functioning in Pediatric HIV Infection," "Cultural Sensitivity and Competence," "HIV-Relevant Issues in Adolescents," and "Women and HIV/AIDS."
The next six chapters offer some therapeutic approaches with HIV-infected children and their families: "Family Systems Interventions and Family Therapy," "The HIV-Infected Child in Therapy," "Nonpharmacological Pain Management for Children with HIV/AIDS," "Support Group for Children with HIV/AIDS," "Caretakers' Support Group," and "Death and Dying/Bereavement and Mourning." The final chapters cover a variety of areas pertaining to service deliverers, systems issues, research, and public policy: "A Multisystems Approach to Service Delivery for HIV/AIDS Families," "Caring for the Professional Caregiver," "HIV/AIDS in the Schools," "Professional, Ethical, and Moral Issues," "Legal Issues," "Psychosocial Research Concerning Children, Families, and HIV/AIDS," and "HIV/AIDS and Public Policy." In looking at the last chapter it is evident that progress has been made but more needs to be done. It "will require a coordinated federal response incorporating recommendations that have already been developed by experts in the areas of behavior and biomedical research, service system development and finance, and prevention and mental health services." It is obvious that education has to be stressed again and again. With out proper education about AIDS and the HIV virus, there will continue to be a rise in the number of new cases. It is hard to imagine that anyone reading this book would not be touched by some of the material that is presented, resulting in their support for as much funding as possible to combat this disease. A highly recommended book for all libraries.
505.Immune Support Cookbook: Easy, Delicious Recipes to Support Your Health If You're HIV Positive or suffer From CFIDS, Cancer, or Other Degenerative Diseases, by Mary Hale, Chris Miller. 1995. Birch Lane Press Book/Carol Publishing, 600 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022. 190p., index. ISBN 1-55972-310-6. $18.95. (Descriptors: Nutrition, Natural Immunity, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Diet Therapy, HIV Infections Cancer, Degeneration, Nutritional Aspects, Recipes)
Good nutrition is important for anyone but especially for those whose immune systems are under attack. There is no ideal diet but there are certain dietary requirements that one should try to attain. Hale and Miller have done a good job of presenting some basic facts about nutrition. One thing that is not mentioned is the need for high fat diets if one is on AZT or one of the new protease drugs. It has been recommended that both be taken with high fat meals in order to insure the maximum absorption of the drugs into the system. This may cause coronary problems, but physicians can treat those problems with other drugs. The main thing is to help these AIDS/HIV drugs get into the system. Other than that, this is an excellent book with some very inviting recipes that are easy to prepare. Any HIV positive individual will find this a useful book if they keep in mind some of the requirements that many of the AIDS/HIV drugs now require in regards to certain foods. Highly recommended for all libraries.
506.AIDS and Behavior: An Integrated Approach, edited by Judith D. Auerbach, Christina Wypijewska, H. Keith H. Brodie, Committee on Substance Abuse and Mental Health Issues in AIDS Research of the Institute of Medicine. 1994. National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20418. 338p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-309-05093-6. $39.95. (Descriptors: Psychology, Substance Abuse, Sex Behavior) (Contributors: Hortensia de Los Angeles Amaro, Ira B. Black, H. Keith H. Brodie, Colleen Conway-Welch, Curtis L. Decker, Baruch Fischhoff, Susan Folkman, Mindy Fullilove, Margaret A. Hamburg, James G. Haughton, James A. Inciardi, Edward H. Kaplan, Richard W. Price, Alfred Saah, Peter Selwyn, Judith D. Auerbach, Karen Autrey, Robert Mullan Cook-Deegan, Holly Dawkins, Leslie M. Hardy, Constance M. Pechura, Michael A. Stoto, Christina Wypijewska)
This book is the result of a study made by the Institute of Medicine to determine how effective the various AIDS research programs are at this time. To do this, the Institute convened the Committee on Substance Abuse and Mental Health Issues in AIDS Research. After the study was made over the course of a year the report is presented into two parts: Part 1: "Research Findings and Opportunities": "Understanding HIV Transmission," "Understanding the Determinants of HIV Risk Behavior," and "Disease Progression and Intervention." The second part: "Managing the AIDS Research Programs at NIAAA, NIDA, and NIMH," covers "The Context of AIDS Programs at NIAAA, NIDA, and NIMH," "Rsearch Funding, Programs, and Priorities at NIAAA, NIDA, and NIMH," and "Linkages Between Research and Services."
Topics covered include: sexual and drug-use behaviors, monitoring, risky behaviors and strategies for changing them, psychosocial impacts, and the transmission and progression of the disease. After discussing the topic various recommendations are made to governmental agencies for further study or new study on that topic. This is a very thorough report and needs to be read slowly and carefully. Not a book that can be picked up and quickly digested. Probably the most profound statement is the last paragraph of the chapter on "Linkages Between Research and Services": it talks about tension between researchers and care providers, noting various barriers that interfere with adequate prevention and intervention. "Research institutes and service-supporting agencies must find ways to overcome the cultural and institutional barriers to collaboration if they are to see a fruitful and productive exchange of knowledge necessary for intervening in--and ultimately eradicating--AIDS." An excellent book for anyone who wants to learn about our government's interworkings and philosopies in regards to AIDS education and research. Recommended for all libraries.
507.HIV/AIDS and Sexuality, edited by Michael W. Ross. 1995. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 206p., bibliog., index. (Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, v.7, nos.1/2, 1995) ISBN 1-56024-730-4. $19.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, HIV-Positive Persons, Sexual Behavior, Sex, Psychology of Sex, Health Behavior) (Contributors: Michael W. Ross, Lorna Ryan, Nancy L. Roth, Lena Nilsson Schonnesson, Ulrich Clement, Susan Schaefer, Eli Coleman Anne-Marie Moore, George R. Brown, Sarah Kendal, Rebecca Ledsky, Anke A. Ehrhardt, Christiana Nostlinger, Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg, Theresa M. Exner, Rhoda S. Gruen, Sandra L. Yinglin, Jack M. Gorman, Wafaa El-Sadr, Stephan J. Sorrell, S. Maurice Adib, David G. Ostrow, James D. Weinrich, J. Hampton Atkinson, Thomas L. Patterson, J. Allen McCutchan, John C. Gonsiorek, Igor Grant, HNRC Group, Leslie Cannold, Bill O'Loughlin, Geoff Woolcock, Brian Hickman, Michele M. Fontaine)
"The articles in this volume address the issues associated with sexuality in people with HIV disease, looking at a range of areas and methods." We sometimes overlook the sexual activities of those who are infected when we conduct our research. This is very unfortunate since those who are not infected will become infected by one of these individuals unless proper precautions are taken. The articles are represented by offerings from the United States, Europe, and Australia. The 10 chapters cover: "The Little Deaths: Perceptions of HIV, Sexuality and Quality of Life in Gay Men," "Calendars on the Wall: The Influence of Sexuality of Provider/Client Communication About HIV/AIDS," "Sexual Attitudinal Conflict and Sexual Behavior Changes Among Homosexual HIV-Positive Men," "Sexual Aspects of Adaptation to HIV/AIDS," "Sexual Dysfunction in HIV-Seropositive Women Without AIDS," "Sexual Risk Behavior Among Women with Injected Drug Use Histories," "Stages of Sexual Behavior Change to Reduce the Risk of HIV/AIDS: The Chicago MACS/CCS Cohort," "Associations Among Coping Style, Personality, Unsafe Sexual Behavior, Depression, Conflict over Sexual Orientation, and Gender Nonconformity," "HIV as a Catalyst for Positive Gay Men's Desire for Clarification, Enhancement and Promotion of Intimacy in Significant Relationships," and "Issues of Isolation and Intimacy for the HIV Infected, Sexually Addicted Gay Male in Group Psychotherapy."
It is interesting to note that those who are positive practice safe sex for a period of time and then relapse into unsafe sex. This is also true for those who are negative. The result is that somewhere along the line we are not getting the message out, with the result being that the number of HIV-positive individuals is increasing. This book presents some interesting research findings that should be useful to others doing similar research. The more we understand about the sexuality of anyone but particularly those who are risk, the better we can determine how to target our education to those groups. We have to slow this epidemic down and research, as presented in this book, is certainly eye opening in what we now know. Recommended for all academic and medical libraries.
508.AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.7, no.4, August, 1995. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. pp. 287-377. ISSN 0899-9546. $135.00 per year institutions, $37.50 per year individuals. (Descriptors: Education, Prevention)
This excellent journal continues to provide timely articles on AIDS education and prevention. This issue contains 6 articles: "HIV-Related Knowledge and Risk Behaviors of Street Youth in Belo Horizonte, Brazil," "The Perceived Social Context of AIDS: Study of Inner-City Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic Patients," "Reducing HIV Needle Risk Behaviors Among Infection-Drug Users in the Midwest," "AIDS Prevention with Adolescents," "Early Childhood Differentials in Mother-Child AIDS-Information Interaction," and "HIV/AIDS Knowledge Among the U.S. Population." A recommended journal for all libraries.
509.And a Time to Die: The Pain and Love of a Journey Home with AIDS, by Frances Bontrager Greaser. 1995. Herald Press, 616 Walnut Ave., Scottdale, PA 15683. 159p. ISBN 0-8361-9028-9 $9.95. (Descriptors: Biography, Health, Patients)
Dealing with AIDS is a stressful path for those who have had to walk it. Frances has walked that path. "This is the story of our journey with our forty-two year-old son David, who was HIV-positive long before we knew it. In 1988 he was critically ill and diagnosed as having AIDS. He died three years later." It is a moving book that shows how love and hope gave generosity, respect, sensitivity, and gratitude. It is a book that shows how a family can be brought together through such a tragic disease. Frances received many shocks from first learning that her son had AIDS, then that he was gay, and then the short time together before his death. This is an excellent book to recommend for anyone who has lost a child to AIDS or who has someone living with them who is HIV-positive. A word of caution, you will have tears while reading this book. Highly recommended for all libraries.
510.Sociology of HIV Transmission, by Michael Bloor. 1995. Sage Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. 158p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8039-8749-8, 0-8039-8750-1pbk. $55.00, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Transmission)
There are many myths floating around concerning the transmission of AIDS with finger pointing at such individuals as gays, drug injectors, black Africans, and others. The media feeds on these myths and as a result education to all individuals about AIDS becomes difficult. "This book aims to contest those myths by providing an overview or summary statement of our very considerable contemporary knowledge of the sociology of HIV transmission."
The 6 very well written chapters cover: "Introduction," "The Epidemic of HIV Infection in the Developing World," "The Epidemic of HIV Infection in the Developed World," "Sociological Studies of Risk Behaviour," "Theories of Risk Behaviour," and "Conclusion." This is a small, but well-documented book with over 17 pages of references. The chapter on developing countries covers Africa, Latin America, and Asia. A very important fact is pointed out when it comes to talking about AIDS education in these countries--local cultural knowledge will have to be understood. You cannot take what is produced in the United States and expect it to work in Burundi or Tanzania or Thailand. More research needs to be conducted in order to fully understand how AIDS can be conducted in these countries. "Understanding the social transmission of HIV entails the location of the epidemic in its social context." This social understanding has to go beyond just country boundaries since it involves gays, drug users, prostitutes, and, yes, heterosexuals. An excellent book to ponder over and a required book for anyone doing sociological research concerning AIDS. Highly recommended for all academic and medical libraries.
511.Reviving the Tribe: Regenerating Gay Men's Sexuality and Culture in the Ongoing Epidemic, by Eric Rofes. 1996. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 318p., bibliog. index. (Haworth Gay and Lesbian Studies). ISBN 1-56023-876-3. $14.95. (Descriptors: Gay Men, Sexual Behavior, Mental Health)
Gays have suffered greatly with the AIDS epidemic. They have been spat upon, booed, discriminated against, and threatened. They have tried to keep together, but it has been extremely difficult. Social activity is more one-night stands than long-term relationships. Group outings, get togethers for dinner and a movie, regular nights of playing cards, or just visiting one another have become less and less common. When AIDS hit in 1981, everyone wondered what the world would be like without gays. The religious right thought it would be a better world and labeled the disease as God's way of ridding the world of all gays. How utterly ridiculous that is for anyone to think in those terms. Rofes has put together a very thought provoking book that tries to help gays regenerate their sexuality in this extremely difficult time.
The first section--"Restoring Mental Health" covers such topics as the secret-life of gay men, a death-saturated culture, trauma, post-Stonewall gay life, remembrance and mourning, and the most important part, "Restoring the social fabric of gay male life." This will be difficult since the outside world thinks of gays only in the sexual sense--that is, they all just want sex and nothing more. Rofes tries to point out that "Improving quality of life and alleviating suffering requires diverse strategies that integrate many fields." It can be done! The second section--"Reclaiming Sexuality" delves into homosexual desire before AIDS, pre-epidemic gay organizing, the lies we tell ourselves, unsafe sex, and community response to renegade acts. The final section--"Regenerating Community" provides some solutions by looking at other disasters and learning from them. There are results when you look at any directory of gay organizations and see such groups as sports affiliations, leather enthusiasts, black groups, Latino groups, deaf groups, etc. We are slowly coming back together and will continue to do so, much to the dislike of some of our elected officials. This is an excellent book for anyone who thinks the gay community is dead. Read this book and get revived and regenerated! An excellent book for any library, even though many will not be allowed to purchase it.
512.AIDS Clinical Review 1995/1996, edited by Paul Volberding, Mark A. Jacobson. 1996. Marcel Dekker, 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 398p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8247-9418-4. ISSN 1045-2877. $125.00. (Descriptors: Review of Research) (Contributors: Andrew Carr, David A. Cooper, Judith S. Currier, Stanley C. Deresinski, James P. Dunn, Judith Feinberg, Carl Grunfeld, Mark Holodniy, Douglas A. Jabs, Mark A. Jacobson, Victoria A. Johnson, David A. Katzenstein, Carol A. Kemper, Donald P. Kotler, Patrick C. K. Li, Eric M. Poeschla, Flossie Wong-Staal, Eng Kiong Yeoh)
This is the 6th annual review published since 1989. Previous volumes have been reviewed in this journal. The book focuses "on specific areas in which important new advances have occurred in the epidemiology, diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of HIV infection and HIV-associated complications." Each chapter is a critical review of the research that has been conducted, incorporating the contributing researcher's own recent investigations. The 10 chapters cover: "Gene Therapy and HIV Disease," "Multiple Opportunistic Pathogen Prophylaxis for Patients with Advanced HIV Disease," "Pathogenesis and Management of HIV-Associated Drug Hypersensitivity," "Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in AIDS," "Bacterial Infections in HIV Disease," "Mycobacterium avium Complex Infections in AIDS," "Pathophysiology and Treatment of AIDS Wasting Syndrome," "HIV Viral Load Quantification, HIV Resistance, and Antiretroviral Therapy," "New Development in Antiretroviral Drug Therapy for HIV-1 Infections," and "Update on Epidemiology of AIDS in Asia." Highly recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.
513.Passages of Pride: Lesbian and Gay Youth Come of Age, by Kurt Chandler. 1995. Times Books/Random House, 201 E. 50th St., New York, NY 10022. 364p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8129-2380-4. $23.00. (Descriptors: Gay Youth, Psychology, Juvenile Literature, Social Conditions, Lesbian Youth, Coming Out)
This book is included in this journal, not because it is about AIDS, but because it is about a group of individuals who are constantly targeted as the cause of AIDS. Lesbians and gays are having a very difficult time in the nineties, especially with all of the various referendums that seem to constantly be appearing on ballots. It is no wonder that many decide that the only way out is suicide. This book goes a long way in trying to tell the world what it is like to be a lesbian or gay youth. The harassment, the slurs, the brutality, the non-acceptance, and being disowned by ones family. As one of the players responds to the question--"Did you want to be gay?"--"Why would anyone choose, consciously choose, to be part of a group that has all these labels attached to it?" This book is for all of those people who think gays and lesbians choose to be such. Read about actual situations and try putting yourself in the shoes of the person being talked about. Not understanding gay and lesbian youths has created a quandary in discussing AIDS with young adults. If you do not understand these youths, then how can you take AIDS education seriously when talking about condoms and anal sex and lesbian sex. A highly recommended book for all libraries, especially school libraries where an understanding has to be fostered. A great book!
514.To the Wedding: A Novel, by John Berger. 1995. Pantheon Books/Random House, 201 E. 50th St., New York, NY 10022. 202p. ISBN 0-679-43981-1. $22.00. (Descriptors: Novel)
A delightful novel presented here merely for entertainment. It is a love story with happiness and sadness woven together for the reader to sit back and forget about the everyday humdrum of life, the AIDS crisis, and anything else that causes conflict. The proceeds of the book go to the Harlem United Community AIDS Center in New York, an organization which provides support and companionship for those who are HIV-positive or who have AIDS and for their families. Recommended for all school and public libraries.
515.Designer Drugs, by Paul R. Robbins. 1995. Enslow Publishers, 44 Fadem Road, Box 699, Springfield, NJ 07081. 112p., illus., bibliog., index. (The Drug Library) ISBN 0-89490-488-4. $17.95. (Descriptors: Designer Drugs, Juvenile Literature, Drugs, Drug Abuse)
Since drug users are at high risk for contacting the AIDS virus, the more books about different kinds of drugs, the better educated we can be. In this case, this book is for young adults and is about designer drugs--drugs made by people in a laboratory, not those found in nature such as marijuana, heroin, or cocaine. The book is well written, concise, intended for young adults, and covers in 7 chapters: "Characteristics of Designer Drugs," "MPTP and Speed," "Ecstasy and the Fentanyl Analogs," "The Individual and Drug Abuse," "The Family and Drug Abuse," "Society and Drug Abuse," and "How to Get Help." The book can be used as a classroom textbook, complete with questions for discussion. Some of the drugs that are mentioned include alpha-methyl fentanyl, Benzedrine, carfentanyl, China White, Dexedrine, ecstasy, fentanyl, ice, MPTP, meperidine, methamphetamine, and speed. Highly recommended for all school and public libraries.
516.Medicine Burns, by Adam Klein. 1995. High Risk Books/Serpent's Tail, 180 Varick St., 10th Fl, New York, NY 10014. 168p. ISBN 1-85242-403-6. $11.99. (Descriptors: Novel)
This is a collection of 6 stories, each with a different theme, but all connected with the same thread of individuals who do not seem to fit in. The title story, "The Medicine Burns," is about a young, gay man who is fighting acne but is not loved in the real world. "India" is about a young man with AIDS who copes with his illness by dreaming of India. These are touching stories that have messages for everyone. Well-written and worth re-reading many times. Highly recommended for any library.
517.Chronic Illness: From Experience to Policy, edited by S. Kay Toombs, David Barnard, Ronald A. Carson. 1995. Indiana University Press, 601 N. Morton St., Bloomington, IN 47404. 221p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-253-36011-0. $27.95. (Descriptors: Chronic Diseases, Social Aspects, Psychological Aspects) (Contributors: George J. Agich, David Barnard, Ronald A. Carson, Ruthanne L. Curry, John W. Douard, Sue E. Estroff, Muriel R. Gillick, Arthur Kleinman, Lonnie D. Kliever, S. Kay Toombs)
This is a book about chronic diseases, which could include degenerative diseases of the elderly, cancer, heart disease, AIDS, and stroke. It focuses "upon what chronic illness means to those who are most intimately involved, as well as deliberating about the implications for social policy, health care, bioethics, and the professions." The first group of essays covers lived experiences: "Sufficient Unto the Day: A Life with Multiple Sclerosis," "The Exceptional Family: Walking the Edge of Tragedy and Transformation," "Chronic Illness and the Dynamics of Hoping," "Rage and Grief: Another Look at Dax's Case," and "Whose Story Is It Anyway?" The second part covers the ethical, social, cultural, and political responses: "Beyond Respect to Recognition and Due Regard," Chronic Illness and Freedom," "Disability and the Persistence of the Normal," "The Social Course of Chronic Illness," and "The Role of the Rules: The Impact of the Bureaucratization of Long-Term Care."
These are thought provoking essays that counselors and physicians should read and re-read. Chronic illnesses present many challenges which everyone is not able to cope with in the beginning. The focal point of all the essays is a need to have a positive outlook. Although AIDS is not specifically talked about, much can be learned from other chronic illnesses that can help those who have AIDS. Topics covered include the nature of chronic as opposed to acute illness, attention to the individual voice, bioethics, and the need to study more closely the existing health care systems in regards to the needs of the elderly. An excellent book that is highly recommended for all medical and academic libraries but especially for those in the professions for their personal use.
518.In the Shadow of the Epidemic: Being HIV-Negative in the Age of AIDS, by Walt Odets. 1995. Duke University Press, PO Box 90660, Durham, NC. 314p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8223-1626-9, 0-8223-1638-2pbk. $45.95, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: HIV-Negative, Gay Men, Social Aspects)
Being HIV-negative can be just as stressful as being HIV-positive. It is those who are negative who watch those who are positive suffer. "Many men have suffered more loss and survived more death than any one man could be expected to endure." This book was written "for survivors who live with and without HIV in their own bodies." Odets is a clinical psychologist and a member of the gay community in San Francisco. He writes about his personal observations, understanding, and opinions in the hope that it will help others who work with those who are positive. This work is "largely for the general, nonprofessional reader who is concerned with AIDS and the issues that now face gay men and the future of the gay communities." However, it is also "a work about the sad future of this country as a whole. If we continue to respond to AIDS along the paths of ignorance, hatred, and neglect that we have tried for the past twelve years, the gay communities will no longer be alone in the tragedy explored here, but merely a harbinger." Here is a book that speaks to all of those experiences that the un-infected feel--depression, anxiety, hypochondriasis, survivor guilt, loss, and grief. It is a book based on many actual situations from which others should gain a great deal in order to go on and live a full life.
The chapters cover: "Why We Need a Book About Being HIV-Negative," "The Psychological Epidemic," "Survivor Guilt and Related Family Matters," "Life in the Shadow: Loss and Mourning," "Being Outsiders: The HIV-Negative Identity," "Being Alone," "Being Together: The Relations of Positives and Negatives," "Being Sexual: The Politics and Humanity of Gay Sex in the Epidemic," and "Being Here: Other Kinds of Survival." This is an excellent book written for the layperson with as little jargon as possible. It provides much to help bolster the self-esteem of those who are negative and try to erase that feeling of guilt. Highly recommended for all gays who have tested negative and for anyone else who wants to understand how this disease has affected those who are not affected. Every library should have a copy.
519.Studies in Human Sexuality: A Selected Guide, 2nd edition by Suzanne G. Frayser, Thomas J. Whitby. 1995. Libraries Unlimited, PO Box 6633, Englewood, CO 80155-6633. 737p., index. ISBN 1-56308-131-8. $85.00. (Descriptors: Sex, Bibliography, Reference Books)
The purpose of this book is "to provide scholars, professionals, students, and laypersons with a bibliographic guide, comprehensive in scope, to the best books in the English language on the subject of human sexuality." In addition to the general areas of "medicine, psychology, anthropology, sociology, religion, law, education, history, literature, and the arts..." it also covers such areas as "abortion, AIDS, child sexual abuse, incest, rape, sexual harassment, homosexuality, pornography, and prostitution." There are 1,091 entries in this second edition. Each book is consecutively numbered and includes full bibliographic citation, detailed annotation, and a code indicating who wrote the annotation. It is arranged into general, topical, and bibliographies parts. Within the general part the materials are further subdivided by reference, theoretical overviews and philosophy, origins and evolution, demographic studies, historical works, collections, surveys and statistical works, research, and sex education. The topical guide covers developmental aspects, sexual functioning and disorders, social and cultural aspects of human sexuality, and cross-cultural, ethnographic, and area studies. There are 43 bibliographies listed in the bibliographies section. There is a detailed, author, title, and subject index. There are 21 entries listed under AIDS in the subject index.
This is an excellent bibliography of materials covering all aspects of sex from pre-nineteenth century through 1994. Any researcher in fields that involve sex will find this book to be a very good starting place for doing research. Highly recommended for all public, academic, and medical libraries.
520.Seeking Fair Treatment: From the AIDS Epidemic to National Health Care Reform, by Norman Daniels. 1995. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 204p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-19-505712-0. $25.00. (Descriptors: Patients, Medical Care, Moral and Ethical Aspects, Health Care Reform, Right to Health Care)
The AIDS epidemic has brought about a monumental number of problems relating to moral and ethical aspects of how to treat individuals. The reactions have been good and bad with the bad given the most press. The press that Reverend Phelps has received has been unbelievable. The press that many of our political leaders have been given who speak against those with AIDS has been frightening. The policies that are being advocated by those in the Religious Right movement are, also, frightening. The difficulties that religious leaders have in teaching about safer sex has created monumental problems for those who try to do the educating, resulting, in some cases, non-education. This book "explores the issues of justice that underly central controversies about how we should treat one another in the HIV epidemic: about the duty of physicians and other health care workers to treat HIV patients, about the conflicting rights of patients and infected health care workers, about the insurability of those at high risk, about access to unproven drugs, about rationing expensive treatments for HIV patients, about sex education in the schools." Daniels speaks to all of these issues in a concise book that should open the eyes of many individuals. Those who are around the epidemic everyday, are aware of the inequalities, harassment, and hate that comes with AIDS but others who are more isolated are not as educated. Especially mis-educated are many of our religious leaders and a majority of our political leaders.
The 8 chapters cover: "AIDS and the Moral Fabric of Society," "The Duty to Treat and Access to Care," "HIV-Infected Surgeons and Dentists: Public Threat or Public Sacrifice?," "AIDS and Insurability: Ethical Issues in Underwriting," "Parallel Track Use of Unproven Drugs," "Justice and Access to High-Technology Home Care," "Morality, Prevention, and Sex Education," and "Fairness and National Health Care Reform." Each chapter is forceful and full of facts and some solutions to the problem. Equality in all areas is pointed out and probably the most vulnerable area of inequality is in the health care system. Daniels says it very well in his last chapter: "The issue is not how 'we' treat 'them,' how the un-infected treat those with HIV. The real issue is how we all treat one another. But how we treat one another in our health care system is a metaphor for how we treat one another in all the dimensions of our social life." Highly recommended book for all libraries. It should be required reading for any elected official in government.
521.Get the Rubber Habit!, by the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, photographs by Denis Doran, foreword by Saint Derek of Dungeness. 1995. Cassell, 215 Park Ave. S., New York, NY. 1v. unpaged, illus. (Cassell Sexual Politics/AIDS Awareness). ISBN 0-9523229-0-0. $11.95. (Descriptors: Humor, Safer Sex, Education, Rubber)
This collection of 32 postcards, each with an illustration and saying, provides a humorous, yet very effective message concerning safer sex in the day of AIDS. The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence are a group of individuals who claim "for all a perpetual indulgence which frees them from self-punishment, guilt and despair." Offensive to some? Definitely yes. Effective in their messages? Definitely yes. The photographs are precious and the messages are equally as precious: "AIDS: complacency is genocide," "My friend's positive and I love him," "Rubber isn't a fashion, it's a habit," and "Your attitude kills me." Not a book for the general collection and not intended for that purpose. These are postcards meant to be used and sent so that a message can be given to all. When AIDS is so grim, a book like this helps to loosen one up. It is recommended for anyone who wants to get the message out but, unfortunately, many will object in the manner in which that message is presented, especially the Catholic Church.
522.Plague Makers: How We Are Creating Catastrophic New Epidemics--and What We Must Do to Avert Them, by Jeffrey A. Fisher. 1994. Simon & Schuster, 1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 256p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-671-79156-7. $23.00. (Descriptors: Antibiotics, Side Effects, Drug Resistance in Microorganisms, Nosocomial Infections)
This is a book about the rampant misuse of antibiotics. We all appreciate an antibiotic when we need it and it does some good. But we certainly do not need it for every little sniffle that we contact. Unfortunately, doctors, in their so-called wisdom of helping the masses, over-prescribe these antibiotics. Fisher points out that this is creating a whole new era of plagues where the anitibiotics will be of no use since the bacteria have become resistant to their effectiveness. "What we have neglected is finding a balance: a judicious use of antibiotics that would allow the benefits of their use to outweigh the dangers of their misuse." A highly readable and highly recommended book for all libraries and especially recommended for anyone whose doctor recommends an antibiotic at the drop of a hat.
523.Purity and Passion, by Rick Ghent, Jim Childerston. 1994. Moody Press, 820 N LaSalle Blvd, Chicago, IL 60610. 188p. ISBN 0-8024-7130-7. $15.99. (Descriptors: Religious Beliefs)
This is a book for the Christian sexual male who wants to believe word for word what the Bible has to teach. It is not for the individual who does not understand what the Bible has to offer. And, it certainly is not a book for the gay man. It is an instructional textbook used by the Moody Bible Institute. Why is this book included in this journal? The Editor tries to present all sides and for those who are very religious, this book presents the sexuality side of life in that light. It is obviously a book about how to have safer sex that is pure for the religious individual. Recommended for public libraries.
524.AIDS Issues: A Handbook, by David E. Newton. 1992. Enslow Publishers, 44 Fadem Road, Box 699, Springfield, NJ 07081. 144p., bibliog., index. (Issues in Focus). ISBN 0-89490-338-1. $18.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Juvenile Literature, HIV Infection)
This book, for young readers, "discusses some of the social, political, economic, ethical, and other issues that have arisen as a result of the AIDS epidemic." Topics discussed include children and AIDS, history of the epidemic, testing, using the test results, AIDS and health workers, education, and research and funding. Recommended for all school and public libraries. Well-written and straight forward with good general information.
525.Sexual Cultures and the Construction of Adolescent Identities, edited by Janice M. Irvine. 1994. Temple University Press, Broad and Oxford St, Philadelphia, PA 19122. 325p., bibliog., ISBN 1-56639-135-0, 1-56639-136-9pbk. $44.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Teenagers, Sexual Behavior, Attitudes, Adolescent Psychology, Sex, Psyschological Aspects) (Contributors: Warren Barksdale, Connie S. Chan, Linda K. Christian-Smith, Mindy Thompson Fullilove, Robert E. Fullilove, Janice M. Irvine, Janet R. Kahn, Luisa Medrano, Diane Raymond, Harilyn Rousso, Lee Strunin, Jill McLean Taylor, Sharon Thompson, Deborah L. Tolman, Janie Victoria Ward, Marianne H. Whatley)
In order to adequately teach teenagers about AIDS one needs to understand the various sexual cultures and adolescent identities that are associated with teenagers. We sometimes deny ourselves the simple fact that adolescents need a sexual outlet, that it cannot be suppressed without dire consequences. This sexual denial can lead to sexual violence. "This book encourages a close examination of the varied sexual cultures of adolescents so that we may more effectively plan programs, policies, and everyday conversations with them." Until we can talk openly with teenagers, we are going to have a difficult time talking about AIDS with them. The various papers cover: "Cultural differences and adolescent sexualities," "Adolescent development," "Culture, context, and HIV infection," "Asian-American adolescents," "AIDS and Latino adolescents," "Homophobia, identity, and the meanings of desire," "Daughters with disabilities," "Keeping adolescents in the picture," "Young women and their dream lovers," "What friends are for," "Daring to desire," "Speaking across cultures within your own family," and "Teens talk sex." Highly recommended book for all counselors and educators as well as for all libraries.
526.In the Lap of the Buddha, by Gavin Harrison, foreword by Joseph Goldstein. 1994. Shambhala Publications, Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Ave., Boston, MA 02115. 289p., index. ISBN 0-87773-995-1. $14.00. (Descriptors: Meditation, Buddhism, Therapeutic Use of Meditation)
Stress is one of the major enemies of the immune system. People do not take time to relax and take their minds off of the problems of work and living. Harrison was diagnosed with AIDS in 1989. In order to cope with all the difficulties of having AIDS he learned how to meditate and practice Buddha's teachings. This book helps one to find the "inner strength and courage we all have, although sometimes overlook." Even if you are not religious, reading about and practicing some of Buddha's teachings can do a great deal in making you more relaxed and at ease so that your immune system can try to cope with the AIDS virus or any disease that one may have. Highly recommended as a personal book for all ages. Recommended for public and academic libraries.