AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 28-August, 1996


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565. Fairfield Hospital HIV Medicine Handbook: A Manual for Clinicians Working with HIV Infection, 2nd edition by Francis Bowden, Jennifer Hoy, Anne Mijch, Jeff Robinson.
566. Challenge of AIDS in the Workplace, 2nd edition by Gilles R. G. Monif.
567. Dictionary of Infections and Infectious Diseases, O. Potparic, J. Gibson.
568. Seduced and Abandoned: Essays on Gay Men and Popular Music, by Richard Smith.
569. Someone at School Has AIDS: A Complete Guide to Education Policies Concerning HIV Infection, by James F. Bogden, Katherine Fraser, Carlos Vega-Matos, Jane Ascroft.
570. Antiviral Chemotherapy 4: New Directions for Clinical Application and Research, edited by John Mills, Paul A. Volberding, Lawrence Corey.
571. AIDS: Ten Stories of Courage, by Doreen Gonzales.
572. AIDS Narratives: Gender and Sexuality, Fiction and Science, by Steven F. Kruger.
573. AIDS Counselling: Institutional Interaction and Clinical Practice, Anssi Perakyla.
574. Children Who Lose Their Parents to HIV/AIDS: Agency Guidelines for Adoptive and Kinship Placement, by Lisa Merkel-Holguin.
575. Transfusion-Associated AIDS, by Robert K. Jenner, Sarah Jane Burgess, David M. Kopstein, Kenneth E. Labowitz, Melissa Miller, Sidney Schupak, Robert Stein.
576. AIDS, Social Change, and Theater: Performance as Protest, by Cindy J. Kistenberg.
577. Vamps, Virgins and Victims: How Can Women Fight AIDS?, by Robin Gorna.
578. AIDS: Safety, Sexuality and Risk, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart.
579. Counseling Clients with HIV Disease: Assessment, Intervention, and Prevention, by Mary Ann Hoffman.

Pre-1995 books briefly noted.

580. Lavender Mansions: 40 Contemporary Lesbian and Gay Short Stories, edited by Irene Zahava.
581. AIDS Mirage, by Hiram Caton.
582. Jugular Defences: An AIDS Anthology, edited by Peter Daniels, Steve Anthony.
583. Addiction: From Biology to Drug Policy, Avram Goldstein.
584. Treating AIDS with Chinese Medicine, by Mary Kay Ryan, Arthur D. Shattuck.
585. There is Hope: Learning to Live with HIV, 2nd edition by Janice Ferrie, Richard R. Roose, Jill Schwendeman; edited by Janice Ferri.

565.Fairfield Hospital HIV Medicine Handbook: A Manual for Clinicians Working with HIV Infection, 2nd edition edited by Francis Bowden, Jennifer Hoy, Anne Mijch, Jeff Robinson. 1995. Melbourne University Press/Paul & Co. Publishers Consortium, PO Box 442, Concord, MA 01742. 280p., index. ISBN 0-522-84613-0. $34.95. (Descriptors: HIV Infections, Medications, Drugs) (Contributors: Francis Bowden, Barbara Burzak-Stefanowski, Anne-Marie Cattanach, Nick Crofts, Suzanne Crowe, M. Cruickshank, Elizabeth Dax, Brian Dwyer, D. Goldstein, George S. Hale, Jennifer Hoy, C. Hughes, Ian Jennens, Paul Johnson, Fiona Judd, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, John Kelly, Ron Lucas, Ron McCoy, Jennifer McDonald, Anne Mijch, John Mills, Mary O'Reilly, P. Palasanthiran, Jeff Robinson, Tilman Ruff, David Scott, William Sievert, Bryan Speed, Peter Stanley, Alan C. Street, Alison Street, Edwina Wright, Allen P. Yung, John B. Ziegler)

First published in 1992, this handbook reflects the practice of HIV medicine at Fairfield Hospital in Victoria, Australia, providing "a succinct and pragmatic guide to the practice of HIV medicine." Part one defines HIV infection with one chapter outlining how AIDS is defined in Australia, similar to how it is defined in the United States. Part 2--"General approach to the diagnosis and management of the HIV-infected patient," covers testing, the newly diagnosed patient, monitoring, therapy, overview of HIV infections, recommendations for primary prophylaxis, HIV and women, and pediatric AIDS. Part 3--"Specific approaches to the important clinical problems in HIV medicine," includes such topics as fever, respiratory problems, diarrhoea, diseases of the mouth, neurological complications, hematological problems, and nutrition. Part 4--"Management of the common infections and malignancy in HIV medicine," covers PCP, Cerebral Toxoplasmosis, Cryptosporidia and Microsporidia, Oesophageal Candidiasis, Cryptococcosis, Herpes Simplex Infections, Cytomegalovirus Retinitis, other Cytomegalovirus Diseases, bacterial infections, syphilis, Mycobacterium Avium complex infections, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and HIV-associated malignancies.

Part 5--"Occupational exposure and HIV-related protocols," includes information on biohazard injuries, persons exposed to blood-borne pathogens, perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis, protocol for induced sputum, and special protocols for lumbar puncture, bronchoscopy, gastroscopy, and colonoscopy. Part 6--"HIV drug compendium," covers 37 drugs, providing dosage availability, mode of action, dosage for the various diseases and infections, administration, use in pregnancy, adverse effects, and drug interactions. The drugs that are covered include: Acyclovir (Zovirax), Albendazole (Zentel), Amphotericin B (Fungilin, Fungizone), Atovaquone (Mepron), Azithromycin (Zithromax), Clarithromycin (Klacid), Clindamycin (Dalacin), Clofazimine (Lamprene), Contrimoxazole (Septrin/Septrin Forte, Bactrim/Bactrim DS), Dapsone, Didanosine (ddI, dideoxyinosine, Videx), Ethambutol (Myambutol), Fluconazole (Diflucan), Flucytosine (Ancotil), Fluoxetine (Prozac), Foscarnet (Foscavir), Ganciclovir (DHPG, Cymevene), Interferon (Intron-A, Roferon-A), Intravenous Immunoglobulin (gamma glovulin, IVIG, Intragam), Isoniazid, Itraconazole (Sporanox), Ketoconazole (Nizoral), Ketoralac (Toradol), Metronidazole (Flagyl, Metrogyl, Metrozine), Mexiletine (Mexitil), Paramomycin (Humatin), Pentamidine )Pentacarinat), Primaquine, Pyrazinamide (Zinamide), Pyrimethamine (Daraprim), Rifabutin (Ansamycin, Mycobutin), Rifampicin (Rimycin, Rifadin), Stavudine (d4T), Sulphadiazine, Thalidomide, Zalcitabine (ddC, dideoxycytidine, Hivid), and Zidovudine (AZT, Retrovir).

This is an excellent summary of HIV medications that are used in Australia but are also commonly used in other parts of the world including the United States. It is concise, easy to use, and full of information for the practioneer as well as the patient. Especially good are the discussions of the common infections and the drug compendium. Highly recommended for all medical libraries as well as for the HIV positive patient who wants to be well-informed.

566.Challenge of AIDS in the Workplace, 2nd edition by Gilles R.G. Monif. 1995. IDI Publications/Parthenon Publishing Group, PO Box 1564, Pearl River, NY 10965. 44p., bibliog. (IDI Report). ISBN 1-880906-24-4. $15.95. (Descriptors: Workplace)

First published in 1989, this new edition reflects the changes in the laws of the nation since that time. "This report was designed to serve business decision-makers in a utilitarian fashion to facilitate their understanding of the impact of AIDS on their employees, shareholders and business. It is intended to be a how-to guide which enables a human resource or office manager to orient themselves and interface with a proactive plan of management." This is not a detailed discussion of the issues surrounding AIDS in the workplace but, rather, a brief overview with a list of selected references for further reading. In all cases, where an employer is not sure what should be done, legal advice should be sought so that the HIV-positive individual has the best protection possible. Also, there is no substitute for continued education in the workplace so that the fears of individuals can be alleviated before there is panic. The seven parts of this report cover: "The HIV Pandemic," "Basic Facts about AIDS," "Projected Impact of AIDS on Corporate America," "Insurance Costs/AIDS Interface Projections," "Potential Legal Issues Concerning AIDS in the Workplace," "Proposal for a Corporate Organizational Structure to Address AIDS," and "Immediate-Type of Responses to HIV Infection or Disease in the Workplace."

Recommended for all libraries.

567.Dictionary of Infections and Infectious Disease, by O. Potparic, J. Gibson. 1995. Parthenon Publishing Group, PO Box 1564, Pearl River, NY 10965. 155p. ISBN 1-85070-607-7. $35.00. (Descriptors: Communicable Diseases, Dictionaries, Terminology, Infection Terminology)

This specialized dictionary is the result of the increasing number of terms related to new viruses, diseases, and micro-organisms that have come about because of the world's overcrowding, nutrition problems, unsanitary conditions, and other problems. The medical profession is constantly coining new terms that may not be instantly familiar throughout the world. These new terms can be found in this book with brief to lengthy definitions and discussions. It is in alphabetical order with a minimum of see references. A must dictionary for any medical library and a highly recommended dictionary for other libraries where the general public encounters these new terms in the news media.

568. Seduced and Abandoned: Essays on Gay Men and Popular Music, by Richard Smith. 1995. Cassell, 215 Park Avenue S., New York, NY 10003. 188p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-304-33343-3, 0-304-33347-6pbk. $60.00, $16.95pbk. (Descriptors: Gay Men, Pop Music)

Many individuals have written about pop music, its rise and fall, its love, its hate, its indifference to the rest of the world, and its seriousness. Richard Smith states that these individuals have stated that pop music has grown up. He says it has not and, as a result, the book is not grown up. "It is a scrapbook of love letters, a catalogue of depravity, a case study in devotion, a settling of scores and an autobiography you can dance to." How then do gay men relate to pop music? One needs only to go to any gay club and watch the men dance and get totally and completely wrapped up in the music that is playing. Smith has studied this and show us in his 40 essays that the book is "about aesthetics of sexuality and the sexual politics of aesthetics; about what happens when you realize the intoxicating, life-changing, society-transforming possibilities of putting Che Guevara and Debussy to a disco beat."

These are fascinating essays that all tell one small story about pop music and gay men. They also tell us how the big record companies have capitalized on the way gay men have used pop music. However, when it came to AIDS, Smith, in his 17th essay--"Hope I Get Old Before I Die: Pop and AIDS," points out that the record company tried to distance itself from gay men and even tried to avoid using the word AIDS. In fact the Religious Right got a foot hold, and encouraged the record producers to abide by their "Section 28's Eleventh Commandment" which was "Thou shalt not promote homosexuality." A recommended book for anyone to read who wants to understand how the music industry has or tries to have an influence over gay men's lives.

569.Someone at School Has AIDS: A Complete Guide to Education Policies Concerning HIV Infection, 2nd edition by James F. Bogden, Katherine Fraser, Carlos Vega-Matos, Jane Ascroft. 1996. National Association of State Boards of Education, 1012 Cameron St., Alexandria, VA 22314. 88p., bibliog., index. 0-317-05336-1. $15.00. (Descriptors: Schools, Educational Policies, Young People, Teachers)

The first edition of this guide was developed in 1988 with its primary purpose being "to help schools calm widespread fears so they could get on with the business of education." This edition has been expanded to include information about school athletics, effective HIV prevention education, and HIV-related services. By far the biggest concern with educators is fear brought about by misinformation or by people who will not accept the fact that AIDS is not a gay disease. Probably our biggest enemy in this arena is the Religious Right who try to tell us that AIDS can be contacted through casual contact. This guide provides the necessary information for educators to develop well-thought out programs that address the misinformation issues.. "This guide aims to provide guidance on HIV-related school policies that are medically, legally and educationally sound."

After an Executive Summary and Preface, chapter 1 covers the procedures in developing a policy. Chapter 2 is the main part of the guide where policy recommendations are spelled out through a preamble and then sections on school attendance, employment, privacy, infection control, HIV and athletics, HIV prevention education, related services, staff development, and general provisions. Chapter 3 covers ways in which the community can be brought into the decision making process in a positive way. Included at the end are a list of reference, selected resources, state information sources, HIV transmission facts, suggested policy terms, and federal disability rights laws. This is an extremely well-thought out guide that has been reviewed by more than 50 people with relevant experience and qualifications. The resources that are mentioned throughout theguide are excellent and provide every possible approach to this difficult problem. A highly recommended book for all schools and all libraries. It should be required reading for all of our elected congress who sometimes look at AIDS with a jaundiced homophobic eye.

570.Antiviral Chemotherapy 4: New Directions for Clinical Application and Research, edited by John Mills, Paul A. Volberding, Lawrence Corey. 1996. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013. 440p., illus., bibliog., index. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, v. 394) ISBN 0-306-45294-4. $120.00. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Herpes, CMV Infection, Drug Therapy, Gene Therapy) (69 contributors)

"This book is the edited proceedings of the Fourth Triennial Conference on Antiviral Chemotherapy, held in San Francisco, in November 1994." It was sponsored by the University of California, San Francisco; International Society for Antiviral Research; Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research in Melbourne, Australia; and the Australian National Centre for HIV Virology Research. The editors indicate that this book should serve as a topical reference on antiviral chemotherapy for some time. The contributors indicate that there is both optimism and pessimism in antiviral chemotherapy. HIV has presented an entirely new outlook on treating infections resulting in the possibility of antiviral-resistant strains of pathogenic viruses. Much research has to continue if these infections are to be halted before they mutate into more resistant strains.

The papers presented include: "Management of Genital Herpes," "Subclinical Shedding of HSV," "Famciclovir: Efficacy in Zoster and Issues in the Assessment of Pain," "Valacyclovir Hcl (Vqaltrex tm)," "Sorivudine," "Summary of Panel Discussion about Antiviral Therapy for Zoster," "Antiviral Drug Resistance in Herpes Simplex Virus," "Treamtent of Acyclovir-Resistant Herpes Simplex and Varicella Zoster Virus Infections," "Therapeutic Immunization for Recurrent Herpes Simplex Virus Infections," "Current Management of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in AIDS," "Oral Ganiciclovir for Cytomegalovirus Infections," "A Preclinical and Clinical Overview of the Nyucleotide-Based Antiviral Agent Cidofovir," "Prophylaxis and Treatment of CMV Infections in Transplantation," "Cytomegalovirus," "Immunotherapy of CMV Infections," "Hantavirus Infections in the United States," "Management of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections," "Update on Therapy of Influenza and Rhinovirus Infections," "Therapy for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection," "Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection," "Zidovudine," "The Clinical Use of Didanosine," "ddC (Zalcitabine)," "Stavudine (d4t, Zerit)," "Delavirdine Mesylate," "Clinical Experience with Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors," "Current Clinical Experience with Nevirapine for HIV Infection," "Saquinavir," "Perspectives in HIV Protease Inhibitors," "In Vivo Selection of HIV-1 Variants," "Controversies in Initiating Anti-Retroviral Therapy and in the Use of Combination Therapies," "Use of Antiretriviral Therapy in Children and Pregnant Women," "Efficacy of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy," "New Initiatives in Combination Antiretroviral Chemotherapy," "Antiretroviral Drug Resistance," "Promising Anti-HIV Compounds in Preclinical or Early Clinical Development," "Enhancing HIV-1 Specific Immunity as a Therapeutic Strategy in AIDS," "Cytokine Therapy of HIV Infection," and "Gene Therapy for HIV-1 Infection."

A highly recommended book for all medical libraries.

571.AIDS: Ten Stories of Courage, by Doreen Gonzales. 1996. Enslow Publishers. 44 Fadem Road, Box 699, Springfield, NJ 07081. 112p., illus., bibliog., index. (Collective Biographies). ISBN 0-89490-766-2. $17.95. (Descriptors: Patients, Biographies, Juvenile Literature, Celebrities)

"HIV does not care if a person is heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or celibate (having no sex at all). It does not look to see if a person is black or white, male or female, young or old. It does not ask a person's financial status, moral beliefs, or career path. The fact is, HIV simply invades any body it can, reproduces itself, and eventually kills." AIDS has touched thousands of individuals, some unknown and some well known. Of the well-known, it has touched artists, athletes, scientists, writers, musicians, activists, and doctors. This book tells the stories of ten individuals for young people: Ryan White, Anthony Perkins, Randy Shilts, Alison Gertz, Keith Haring, Rudolf Nureyev, Elizabeth Glaser, Freddie Mercury, Arthur Ashe, and Earvin "Magic" Johnson.

These are mini-biographies that will catch the attention of the young reader. Each is different and each tells you that these are real people who loved to live and wanted to live a full life. All but Magic Johnson are deceased. A highly recommended book for all school and public libraries.

572.AIDS Narratives: Gender and Sexuality, Fiction and Science, by Steven F. Kruger. 1996. Garland Publishing, 717 Fifth Ave., 25th Fl., New York, NY 10022. 404p., bibliog., index. (Gender and Genre in Literature, v.7; Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, v.1628). ISBN 0-8153-0925-2. $50.00. (Descriptors: American Literature, History and Criticism, AIDS in Literature, Literature and Science, Gay Men in Literature, Sex in Literature)

Kruger has written an exceptional book that will make you think deeply and long about "gender and sexuality, fiction and science." He has drawn upon his teaching "Language and Literature of AIDS" at Queens University. This is an extremely well researched book with hundreds of bibliographical notes at the end of each chapter. It is not a book to sit and read for pure enjoyment. One has to think carefully about what is being said and then re-read the passage again and again. Barbara Bowen, a good friend of Kruger's, states it well in the preface: "One of the most influential sections of Kruger's book will be its analysis of how medical science unconsciously metaphorizes HIV infection--a macroscopic process involving the virus and a single cell--as a kind of homosexual rape." She further states that he tries to "disengage queerness from death." AIDS has long been associated with gays and, as a result, gays have received very bad press.

The narratives are arranged within 7 chapters covering such topics as "Virus as Language," "Language as Virus," "Sexualized Cells," "Irreversible Decline and Uncontrollable Spread," "Innocent Victims/At Risk," "Gay Subjects of AIDS, Homophobia, and Misogyny," "Body and Voice: Narrative Delay, Closure, and Proliferation," "Invoking History, Authenticating Fictions," "Avoiding AIDS," and "Toward an Activist Aesthetic." The book concludes with a bibliography of over one thousand narratives, both fiction and non-fiction. Bowen sums it up very well when she states that the book "stands in urgent relation to the present historical moment; offering a powerful analysis and calling for a critical, visionary fiction, the book contributes to the political transformation it demands." A highly recommended book for all academic libraries.

573.AIDS Counselling: Institutional Interaction and Clinical Practice, by Anssi Perakyla. 1995. Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th St., New York, NY 10011-4211. 364p., bibliog., index. (Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics, 11). ISBN 0-521-45463-8. $59.95. (Descriptors: Patients, Counselling)

This book "is not a study of AIDS, nor is it about the experiences of people living with AIDS. It is not a study of AIDS counselling in terms of the development and distribution of the counselling services, or in terms of the professionals' understanding about what they should be doing, or in terms of the clients' needs for counselling or their satisfaction with what they have received." So, what is an AIDS counselling book about? "It is an empirical study about face-to-face interaction." After a lengthy introduction that provides the necessary background information to make it easier to understand the analysis of actual interactional data, the six main chapters cover: "Quasi-conversational turn-taking," "The client as owner of experience," "The management of co-counsellors' questions," "Some interactional uses of co-counsellors' questions," "Addressing dreaded issues," and "The interactional power of hypothetical questions."

This is an excellent theoretical book that discusses the face-to-face interaction of counselling. The sole purpose of the book is to provide the means for counselors "to encourage the clients to speak," which is sometimes an extremely difficult task. This encouragement of getting clients to speak is fairly new and is, also, being used in medicine. The data for this book was taken from face-to-face interactions of 19 patients who were HIV-positive hemophilic males, most of who identified themselves as gay. The transcripts of the 32 sessions were meticulously examined through Conversation Analytical methods. An excellent book for all counselors to read and a highly recommended book for all medical and academic libraries.

574.Children Who Lose Their Parents to HIV/AIDS: Agency Guidelines for Adoptive and Kinship Placement, by Lisa Merkel-Holguin. 1996. Child Welfare League of America, 440 First St., NW, Ste. 310, Washington, DC 20001-2085. 117p., bibliog. ISBN 0-87868-631-2. $21.95. (Descriptors: Children, Families, Adoption, Social Aspects)

The number of parents dying because of AIDS and leaving fatherless and motherless children is growing each year. Heterosexual cases of AIDS is growing faster than ever. These children are presenting some challenges for the child welfare system. "Although the majority of children who lose their parents to HIV/.AIDS are healthy in the sense that they are not HIV infected, they, like children who are HIV positive, have a common need--Someone to care for them." This guide addresses these issues, providing information on adoption by kin and adoptive families. "These guidelines are intended to help child welfare agencies develop culturally-competent, comprehensive kinship care and adoption services that respond to the needs of parents who are HIV infected, the needs of children who lose their parents to HIV/AIDS, and the needs of subsequent caregivers (adoptive and extended families) for those children."

This book builds on three prior sets of guidelines developed between 1989 and 1991--Meeting the Challenge of HIV Infection in Family Foster Care; Serving HIV-Infected Children, Youth and Their Families; and Serving Children with HIV Infection in Child Day Care. There is also a companion guide to this one--Because You Love Them: A Parent's Planning Guide. The 6 chapters cover: "Preparing for the Provision of Placement Services," "Outreach to and Support Services for Biological Parents and Other Caregivers Who Are HIV Positive," "Selecting Kin and Recruiting Adoptive Families," "Preparing Families and Children for Placement," "Postplacement Support Services," and "Advocacy and Collaboration." These are brief but well-thought guidelines, providing excellent advice for child welfare offices. There, also, 10 appendices: "Subcommittee Members of the CWLA Task Force on Children and HIV Infection," "Child Welfare Agencies Working with HIV-Affected Families, by State," "Family Builders Network Members," "CWLA Position Statement on Unblinding Newborn Seroprevalence Studies and Mandatory HIV Testing of Pregnant Women," "Stages of HIV Infection," "Financial Assistance Programs," "Guidelines for Support Groups," "Summer Camps for Children with HIV/AIDS and Their Families," "Print Resources," and "National Resource Organizations."

This is a highly recommended book for all child welfare agencies as well as medical, public, and academic libraries.

575.Transfusion-Associated AIDS, by Robert K. Jenner and contributing authors--Sarah Jane Burgess, David M. Kopstein, Kenneth E. Labowitz, Melissa Miller, Sidney Schupak, Robert Stein. 1995. Lawyers & Judges Publishing Co., PO Box 30040, Tucson, AZ 85751-0040. 346p., bibliog, index. ISBN 0-913875-14-7. $65.00. (Descriptors: Law and Legislation, Blood Transfusion, Blood Banks)

Becoming infected with HIV through blood transfusions is still a major concern, even though the blood banks claim one in a million chance of infection since 1985. Prior to 1985 it is estimated that some 25,000 Americans contracted HIV from blood transfusions with most of those being hemophiliacs. It is not surprising, then, that many of these cases find their way into the courts. At the time of writing this book, there were 40 cases brought to trial, of which 14 have resulted in plaintiff awards totaling $75,420,798. "Many of the verdicts, however, were reduced by the court or settled after trial for a lesser amount." "This book discusses liability of blood banks, hospitals, physicians, and factor concentrate manufacturers for transmission of HIV." The authors believe that this focus on liability has made the blood supply safer. There are predicted to be many new blood-borne infectious disease in the future, so having a safe blood supply is extremely important.

The 5 parts of the book cover: "AIDS and the Blood Banking System," "Evaluating the Case," "Liability," "Related Tort Issues," and "Protecting the Rights of People with HIV." This is an extremely detailed and well-documented book that is intended to be a resource for lawyers, risk managers, blood bankers, and health care providers. It is one thing to become infected with the virus through unprotected sex but becoming infected through blood transfusions should never happen with the technology now available for all blood suppliers. Some blood suppliers claim that all of the screening is too costly, but it certainly is not too costly when you are endangering an innocent individual with contacting the virus. All attorneys should be aware of this book and all law, medical, academic, and public libraries should have copies. Highly recommended. (Update: The news media of August 14-15, 1996 has reported that a judge tentatively Oks a deal in a hemophiliac AIDS suit. The class action suit awards $640 million in settlement claims against four drug companies accused of knowingly selling AIDS-tainted clotting products to hemophiliacs. Hemophiliacs who used blood-clotting products between 1979 and 1985 and who are HIV positive would get roughly $100,000 each as well as survivors and family members and others who have contracted HIV from a person with hemophilia. Some 5,000 to 6,000 people are eligible. The four drug companies involved in the case are Germany's Bayer AG, Baxter International Inc. of Deefield, IL, the Armour Pharmaceuticals division of French-owned Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, and Alpha Therapeutic Corp., a division of Japan's Green Cross Corp.)

576.AIDS, Social Change, and Theater: Performance as Protest, by Cindy J. Kistenberg. 1995. Garland Publishing, 717 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10022. 208p., bibliog., index. (Garland Studies in American Popular History and Culture). ISBN 0-8153-2159-7. (Descriptors: AIDS and the Arts)

Even though there has been an immense effort to educate people about AIDS, provide sterile hyperdermic needles, dispense condoms in schools, and preaching abstinence, it is still easy to find individuals who are misinformed about some aspect of AIDS. "And in spite of efforts to address the AIDS problem, the epidemic is still growing at alarming rates." Some have suggested that we look at the language that is used to define AIDS and how it is presented to the public. As a result, "The purpose of this study is to explore the political rhetoric of selected performances that have emerged out of the AIDS crisis and to examine how these performances attempt to intervene in this political struggle." These performances are all different, yet each helps to define or redefine what AIDS really is. The 4 chapters are: "Introduction," which sets the stage for the rest of the book; "Conventional Theater: As IS and The Normal Heart," providing the texts, critical responses, effectiveness andnotes; "Performance Art: Karen Finley and Tim Miller," which defines performance art, discusses the NEA controversy, and provides comparisons and conclusions (Karen Finley produced We Keep Our Victims Ready and Tim Miller produced Stretch Marks); and "Beyond the Theater: The AIDS Memorial Quilt, 'Condom Day' and 'Stop the Church'," which gives a brief history of the Names Project and ACT UP, responses to events, effectiveness, and comparisons and conclusions.

The most significant thing that one should remember when talking about AIDS and social change is the link between gay men and AIDS. It is this link that has caused great difficulty in reaching others. Fortunately, we now talk about the link between sex and AIDS. This link has caused some success in educating the world, but there are those who still take the sex aspect and relate it back to gay men and their promiscuous ways. The medical profession has not been totally upfront in providing AIDS education. "Performances, while they can be effective, are not likely to promote revolutionary changes in society. While they may assist in this process, one specific performance can never be viewed as causing a revolution. Each performance is a cultural event. However, whether the performance will maintain or challenge the status quo depends upon many factors." These performances try to teach us to act differently, change our behavior, and eventually bring about social change. Kistenberg has provided and enticing book that merits reading and rereading in order to fully understand how performances can bring about social change. A highly recommended book for all libraries.

577.Vamps, Virgins and Victims: How Can Women Fight AIDS?, by Robin Gorna. 1996, Cassell, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10003. 398p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-304-32807-3, 0-304-32809-Xpbk. $55.00, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Women, Virgins, Lesbians, Social Issues)

This is a book about women and the impact that AIDS has had upon them. It is restricted to women in the industrialized world, specifically those living in the United Kingdom. Much has been written about the impact of AIDS on gay men and on the people of developing countries, but this book brings to the forefront issues that concern women. The first chapter--"A Queer Disease"--looks "at some of the different ways in which AIDS is conceptualized, and how the linking of AIDS and women affects public understandings of the epidemic." Chapter 2--"Vulnerable Vampires"--examines how the media looks at women and AIDS. In Chapter 3--"Reservoirs of Infection"--the epidemiology of AIDS and women is discussed. Chapter 4--"What is AIDS?"--looks "at what is known about the different impacts HIV disease has on women's bodies." In chapter 5--"Victims or Victors?"--the psychosocial impacts of AIDS on women are considered. Chapters 6--"Vessels" and 7--"Vectors" are scientifically based showing how women can become HIV positive. Chapter 8--"Vamps and Virgins"--discusses "the ways in which women's sexualities are understood" including economics of risk, sex for hire, marriage, and sexual violence. Chapters 9--"Just Say no?"-- and 10--"Dam Those Dykes"--discuss safer sex. The book ends with an epilogue which is "an activist agenda of steps women can take to fight the AIDS crisis."

This is an extremely straight forward book that hits the topic of AIDS and women right in the heart of the matter. It catches your attention and is intended to raise an awareness about this increasingly serious threat to women. All women should read this--straight and lesbian. It should make you stop and think and, more than anything, educate you on the facts about AIDS and women. Highly recommended for all libraries.

578.AIDS: Safety, Sexuality and Risk, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart. 1995. Taylor & Francis Inc., 1900 Frost Road, Ste 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 232p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS). ISBN 0-7484-0291-8, 0-7484-0292-6pbk. $75.00, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Risk Reduction, Gay Men, Sexual Behavior) (Contributors: Philippe Adam, Derek Adam-Smith, Peter Aggleton, Dennis Altman, Carolyn Baylies, Mary Boulton, Janet Bujra, Stephen Clift, June Crawford, Peter Davies, Katie Deverell, Ana Filgueiras, Deirdre Fullerton, Philip Gatter, David Goss, Gill Green, Graham Hart, Janet Holland, Susan Kippax, Ann Oakley, Alan Prout, Tim Rhodes, Marie-Ange Schiltz, Catherine Waldby, John Wilkins)

This book is a selection of key papers presented at three 1994 conferences--British Sociological Association annual conference, 2nd International Conference on Bio-Psycho-Social Aspects of AIDS, and the 10th International Conference on AIDS. It documents issues that concern social researchers, policy makers and health educators in the mid-1990s. The 13 papers cover: "Reputedly Effective Risk Reduction Strategies and Gay Men," "HIV-Related Discrimination in Medical Teaching Texts," "Travel, Sexual Behaviour and Gay Men," "Sexual Behaviour in Gay Men: Towards a Sociology of Risk," "Framing Difference: Sexuality, AIDS and Organization," "Towards Effective Intervention: Evaluating HIV Prevention and Sexual Health Education Interventions," "Communities, Governments and AIDS: Making Partnerships Work," "Socially Apart Youth: Priorities for HIV Prevention," "Theorizing and Researching Risk: Notes on the Social Relations of Risk in Heroin Users' Lifestyles," "Sex, Love and Seropositivity: Balancing the Risks," "One of Us, One of Them, Or One of Those?: The Construction of Identity and Sexuality in Relation to HIV/AIDS," "Sexuality, Identity and Community--Reflections on the MESMAC Project," and "Discourses of Power and Empowerment in the Fight Against HIV/AIDS in Africa."

The titles of the papers indicate the scope of this book, being an important one for any social researcher who is working in the field of the sociology of disease. Although these are papers that are two years old, they have validity for any researcher and should be required reading. Highly recommended for all libraries, including school.

579.Counseling Clients with HIV Disease: Assessment, Intervention, and Prevention, by Mary Ann Hoffman. 1996. Guilford Press, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. 324p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-57230-063-9. $35.00. (Descriptors: Patients, Counseling, HIV Infections)

Mary Ann Hoffman counselled one of the first persons diagnosed with HTLV-III in 1983. From her first encounter with this devastating disease, she has devoted her time and effort in creating a book that can help others counsel those who are HIV positive. She has learned a great deal and draws upon her clients' comments who willingly and poignantly shared them with her. After two introductory chapters that deal with counseling and disease progression, the book is divided into 4 parts: "Assessment: Overview of the Psychosocial Model of HIV Disease," "Interventions to Facilitate Adaptation to HIV Disease," "The Psychotherapeutic Context," and "Prevention: Risk Factors, Models of Intervention, and Community-Based Interventions." This is a well structured book that should be very useful for any AIDS counselor.

In the Epilogue: "What We Can Learn from HIV Disease," Hoffman states that "HIV disease provides an opportunity to understand how health crises might unfold in the future." She stresses that attitudinal and behavioral change are two of the best ways to combat the disease. With the new drugs on the market, HIV can now be classed as a chronic disease with individuals living longer under strict medical care, thus requiring additional counseling for those who are HIV positive and their partners. Counselling should focus on the individual and realize that this disease may progress to the point of not necessarily being life-threatening, just chronic. She ends with: "Finally, therapeutic work can be enhanced by reframing what we can offer to clients with HIV that is valuable. I believe that healing can occur through the therapeutic relationship and alliance. This type of healing is based not on curing, but rather on the power of caring."

A recommended book for all counselors and for all medical and academic libraries.

580.Lavender Mansions: 40 Contemporary Lesbian and Gay Short Stories, edited by Irene Zahava. 1994. Westview Press, 5500 Central Ave., Boulder, CO 80301-2877. 430p. ISBN 0-8133-2030-5. $59.95. (Descriptors: Fiction, Gay Men, American Fiction, Gays' Writings, Short Stories) (Contributors: Donna Allegra, Dorothy Allison, Becky Birtha, Sandy Boucher, Christopher Bram, Rebecca Brown, Louie Crew, Terri de La Pena, David B. Feinberg, Philip Gambone, Jewelle L. Gomez, Richard Hall, Essex Hemphill, William Haywood Henderson, David Leavitt, Audre Lorde, Lee Lynch, Jaime Manrique, Armistead Maupin, Richard McCann, Judith McDaniel, Valerie Miner, Paul Monette, Leslea Newman, John Preston, Lev Raphael, Ruthann Robson, Douglas Sadownick, Michael Schwartz, Lorrie Sprecher, George Stambolian, Susanna J. Sturgis, Roey Thorpe, Donald Vining, Jess Wells, Edmund White, Barbara Wilson, Virginia Witt, Norman Wong, Shay Youngblood)

As can be seen by the above list of contributors, this is a extremely interesting collection of short stories by lesbians and gays. Although, most have nothing to do with AIDS, many do and many of the contributors are, themselves, HIV positive or have died of AIDS. An excellent book for all libraries, especially personal where you can pick up the book and read and re-read excellent prose.

581.AIDS Mirage, by Hiram Caton. 1994, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney NSW, Australia 2052. 62p. (Frontlines). ISBN 0-86840-342-3. $9.95. (Descriptors: Etiology, Research)

A small book that needs to be noted because of its focus on the idea that we may be using too much scare tactics when talking about AIDS. It is a controversial book since it states that the "risk the disease poses is grossly overstated." Caton states: "The passion invested in the viral epidemic dogma is transferred to the entire AIDS management program. HIV/AIDS doctrine is merely a hypothesis and the mortality rate of hypotheses is high. It has converted to full-blown faith. Scientists or administrators who voice doubt risk careericide." Recommended for academic and medical libraries.

582.Jugular Defences: An AIDS Anthology, edited by Peter Daniels, Steve Anthony. 1994. Oscars Press/Inland Book Co., PO Box 120261, East Haven, CT 06512. 112p. ISBN 1-872668-04-6. $10.95. (Descriptors: Poems, Essays) (Contributors: Steve Anthony, Andy Archibald, John Ash, Walta Borawski, Peter Bradley, Zachary Chartkoff, Maggie Christie, Steve Cranfield, Peter Daniels, Simon Denis, Tim Dlugos, Brian Docherty, Jane Draycott, Christina Dunhill, Tim Franks, Timothy Gallagher, Thom Gunn, Sam Harper, Lee Harwood, Walter Holland, Adam Johnson, Gabe Kruks, Joel Lane, Michael Lassell, Jacqueline Lucas, Richard McCann, Edwin Morgan, Carl Morse, Marcellus Muthien, Andrew Peters, Neil Powell, Norm Sacuta, Assoto Saint, Helen Sandler, Penelope Shuttle, Cherry Smyth, Richard Tayson, Jeet Thayil, Karl Tierney, Ivor C. Treby, Gregory Woods, Katherine Worden, Bil Wright, Peter Wyles, Tamar Yoseloff)

This collection contains some very powerful poems by both living and now deceased individuals. Poems have no plot and, for the most part, are free thinking. They are meant to be read and re-read. "These poems contribute to building what John Ash calls 'the monument that is us,'; they also bear witness to the everyday courage of people living in the midst of AIDS, telling of their own empowerment like Walta Borawski, 'honking, another PWA on a borrowed bike, in a snowstrom'". These are the thoughts of those who are infected, pouring out their guilt and yet showing that they have the courage to live as long as possible. Their hopes are that others who are not infected will read, understand, and be safe. Recommended for public and academic libraries as well as personal libraries.

583.Addiction: From Biology to Drug Policy, by Avram Goldstein. 1994. W. H. Freeman, 4419 W. 1980 South, Salt Lake City, UT 84104. 321p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7167-2384-0. $22.95. (Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Physiological Aspects, Social Aspects)

This is a book for the layperson who needs to know what drug addiction really is. Drug use is one of the primary ways that individuals get AIDS, so an understanding of drug addiction by everyone is one way of presenting AIDS education. The book is divided into three parts: "Addictive Drugs and the Brain," "The Drugs and the Addicts," and "Drugs and Society." It is a very well-written book that presents a wealth of information. It is upfront in its discussions, presenting both sides of an issue. Goldstein does an excellent job in explaining what drug addiction is, how we know what we know, and what we can or cannot do about the drug problem. A recommended book for all libraries.

584.Treating AIDS with Chinese Medicine, by Mary Kay Ryan, Arthur D. Shattuck. 1994. Pacific View Press, PO Box 2657, Berkeley, CA 94702. 364p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-881896-07-2. $29.95. (Descriptors: Alternative Medicine, Chinese Medicine, Diet)

"Western medicine has paid primary attention to the disease mechanism, whether viral or neoplastic, whereas traditional Chinese medicine concentrates on the host, the person who is sick." In otherwords, Western medicine treats what you have and Chinese medicine looks at who you are. Chinese medicine strives to strengthen the individuals willpower so that life can coexist with the disease. It, also, tries to relieve the debilitating symptoms so that the quality of life can be improved. The chapters cover: "Addressing the Crisis of AIDS," "Understanding AIDS," "Treating AIDS with Chinese Medicine," "Serving Special Populations," "Diet and AIDS," "Non-TCM Alternatives," and "The Future." Western-trained physicians may not appreciate traditional Chinese medicine, but it appears that it does keep HIV-positive persons healthy longer, staving off the development of opportunistic infections. We need to pay more attention to Chinese medicine, not only in the case of AIDS but for any disease. Keeping a good healthy mind can be the best medicine and increase the chances of survival. Recommended for all public, medical, and academic libraries as well as for personal use.

585.There is Hope: Learning to Live with HIV, 2nd edition by Janice Ferri, Richard R. Roose, Jill Schwendeman; edited by Janice Ferri. 1994. HIV Coalition, 1471 Business Center Drive, Ste. 500, Mount Prospect, IL 60056. 262p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-9639390-1-7. (write for price) (Descriptors: Popular Works, Social Aspects)

This book is intended to guide individuals who are HIV positive so that they can live as long as possible. The HIV Coalition (HIVCO) promotes "the awareness, prevention, treatment, and research of HIV disease in the north and northwest suburbs of Chicago." The book is intended for information purposes and should not be a substitute for the advice of a professional. Part one covers the general questions and answers about HIV--what it is, how it is transmitted, etc. The second part--"Voices of Hope," stresses the fact that you are not alone if you are HIV positive. The third part--"First Steps," discusses taking charge, finding and working with a doctor, treatments, and telling others. The fourth part covers "Learning to live with HIV, while the fifth part covers "Getting through the runaround." The final part, "Prepared for whatever comes," delves into the legal advice, hospice care, etc. There is great hope with today's new medications, but we must not forget that there is still no cure and that the disease is deadly. Giving up just because you are HIV positive is not the answer. Any disease can be fought with a positive outlook on life. Your emotional well being is extremely important, especially if you are HIV positive. With the new medications, AIDS is becoming closer to becoming a chronic illness where you live with it for many years, rather than dying rapidly. This is an excellent book for all who are HIV positive. Recommended for all libraries.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated: 09/05/96
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/