AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 29-September, 1996


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586. HIV: A Practical Approach--v.1: Virology and Immunology; v.2: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Drug Discovery, edited by J. Karn.
587. Jonathon: How His Dying Brought Two Women Together, by Chris Rivers, Pat Wiles.
588. HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decisionmaking, edited by Lauren B. Leveton, Harold C. Sox, Jr., Michael A. Stoto.
589. POZ, no. 17 and 18, October and November, 1996.
590. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.8, no. 3 and 4, June and August, 1996.
591. Atlas of Differential Diagnosis in HIV Disease, by M.C.I. Lipman, T.A. Gluck, M.A. Johnson.
592. AIDS and the Public Debate: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, edited by Caroline Hannaway, Victoria A. Harden, John Parascandola.
593. At War Within: The Double-Edged Sword of Immunity, by William R. Clark.
594. Sarah's Song: A True Story of Love and Courage, by Janice A. Burns.
595. Sexual Behaviour and AIDS in the Developing World, edited by John Cleland, Benoit Ferry.
596. Skin Manifestations of AIDS, 2nd edition by Neal S. Penneys.
597. Solitary Pleasures: The Historical, Literary, and Artistic Discourses of Autoeroticism, edited by Paula Bennett, Vernon A. Rosario II.
598. HIV/AIDS: Facts to Consider: 1996, by Tracey Hooker, Health Program.
599. Burden of a Secret: A Story of Truth and Mercy in the Face of AIDS, by Jimmy Allen.
600. AIDS TV: Identity, Community, and Alternative Video, by Alexandra Juhasz.
601. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, v.7, no.3, 1995.

586.HIV: A Practical Approach--v.1: Virology and Immunology; v.2: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Drug Discovery, edited by Jonathan Karn. 1995. IRL Press/Oxford University Press, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513. 2v (v.1, 279p.; v.2, 327p.), illus., bibliog., index. (Practical Approach Series, v.156-157). ISBN 0-19-963501-3set, 0-19-963500-5set pbk. $88.00 per vol., $44.00 per vol.pbk. (Descriptors: Virology, Immunology, Methodology, Research, HIV Infections, Seropositivity, Antiviral Agents, Microbiological Techniques) (Contributors: Salvatore J. Arrigo, A.G. Bird, Kristina Broliden, P.J.G. Butler, Rachanee Cheingsong-popov, Paul R. Clapham, Matthew Collin, Niel T. Constantine, S. Deakin, Ruud E.Y. DeGoede, Siamon Gordon, Frances Gotch, Georges Herbein, Stella C. Knight, Maarten Koot, Neeltje Kootstra, Paul Krogstad, Andrew J. Leigh Brown, A.M.L. Lever, Malcolm A. Martin, P.M. Matear, Jane McKeating, Aine McKnight, A. Meager, Luis J. Montaner, A. Naraghi, Steven Patterson, Keith W. C. Peden, J.H. Richardson, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Thomas F. Schulz, R.F. Siliciano, Peter Simmonds, Matthijs Tersmette, A. Vyakarnam, Jonathan Weber, Jerome A. Zack, W.A. Beard, E.A. Berger, E. Bertrand, E. Bohnlein, C.C. Broder, C. Bruck, D. Castanotto, M.J. Churcher, E.A. Cohen, R. Craigie, J. Culp, C. Debouck, A. Engelman, L. Fabry, M. Francotte, M.J. Gait, R. Gaynor, H.G. Gottlinger, A.B. Hickman, Z. Hostomska, Z. Hostomsky, L.A. Ivanoff, I. Jones, J. Karn, A. Kelley, M. Laspia, N. Mahmood, M.H. Malim, D. A. Mann, W.A. Marasco, R. Mariani, O. Nussbaum, S.-H.I. Ou, K. Rittner, J.J. Rossi, J. Skowronski, C. Smith, C. Thiriart, T.A. Tomaszek, Jr., Didier Trono, A. Van Opstal, S.H. Wilson, F. Wu)

AIDS is one of the most baffling of diseases in man's lifetime with a prediction of some 30 to 40 million people worldwide to be infected by the year 2000. Research has been ongoing for 12 years with much progress but still no cure. "These two volumes are guides to how to study HIV in the laboratory." This is a multi-disciplinary research agenda that involves every known technique that is available. These two volumes focus on those techniques that are specific to studying HIV. The first volume--"Virology and Immunology"--contains 16 chapters in 3 parts. Part 1--"Growth and Isolation of HIV," covers "Biological Safety When Working with HIV," "Virological and Molecular Genetic Techniques for Studies of Established HIV Isolates," "Isolation and Biological Characterization of Primary HIV-1 Isolates," "HIV Infection of Macrophages," "HIV Infection of Dendritic Cells," and "Vectors Based on HIV." Part 2--"Analysis of HIV Infection," covers "Quantitative Assays for Virus Neutralization," "Detection of HIV entry into Cells," "Detection of Viral DNA by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)," "Detection of viral RNA by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)," and "Sequence Analysis of Virus Variability Based on the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)." Finally, Part 3--"Immunology," covers "Humoral Immune Responses and Detection during HIV Infection," "Quantification of CD4-Postive T Lymphocytes," "CD4-Positive T Cell Responses to HIV-1 Infection," "Lymphokine Responses to HIV Infection," and "HIV-1-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte and ADCC Responses."

The second volume--"Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Drug Discovery"--has 18 chapters in 2 parts. The first part: "Biochemistry and Molecular Biology," covers "An Introduction to the Growth Cycle of Human Immunodeficiency Virus," "Reverse Transcriptase," "Ribonuclease H," "Integrase," "HIV Protease," "Expression of HIV Proteins Using Recombinant Baculoviruses," "Envelope Expression and Purification," "HIV Envelope Glycoprotein/CD4 Interactions," "RNA Binding Assays for the Regulatory Proteins Tat and Rev," "Cellular and Cell-Free Assays for Tat," "Cellular Assays for Rev," "Analysis of HIV-1 LTR DNA Binding Proteins," "Transient Assay for Nef-Induced Down-regulation of CD4 Antigen Expression on the Cell Surface," "Vpu," and "Vif." Part 2--"Drug Discovery," covers "Cellular Assays for Antiviral Drugs," "Inhibition of HIV by Ribozymes and Antisense Oligonucleotides," and "Gene Therapy."

These are outstanding volumes that provide a wealth of information for those doing HIV research. The text is brief and to the point but providing the needed information to do detailed research. Detailed protocols with step by step procedures are provided "so that a novice entering HIV research can find clear instructions about how to perform standard experiments." Many new and novel methods are described for the first time so that experienced researchers have the opportunity to incorporate them into their own research methods. These are must volumes for any HIV researcher and highly recommended for all medical libraries.

587.Jonathon: How His Dying Brought Two Women Together, by Chris Rivers, Pat Wiles. 1995. Ide House/Publishers Associates, PO Box 140361, Las Colinas, TX 75014-0361. 195p., illus. ISBN 0-86663-215-8. $20.00. (Descriptors: Patients, Biography, Gay Artists, Healers)

If there was ever a book that tugged at your heart strings, this is the book. Chris, feminist and teacher, and her life partner, Pat, a professional artist, bring to the reader an array of human emotions through 44 short essays. All of these essays tell the story of these two individuals and their personal relationship with D. Jonathan Miller, an artist who put his life and soul into the woodcuts that he created. These are essays that can be read and re-read, providing you with an experience like you have never felt. It is about love, fear, compassion, hope, and grieving. In reading the book, this reviewer can only say, go buy the book, find a secluded spot with soft music, and read and read and read. As the publisher says "You will laugh when they scale obstacles others avoid, and cheer when their love becomes a pageant of compassion, hope and sharing as the silent secret skill of one man is dedicated to making the earth a better place for them and others to live. This is Jonathon." This is a highly recommended book for all libraries and for those individuals who need something to read to help them through very difficult times.

588.HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decisionmaking, edited by Lauren B. Leveton, Harold C. Sox, Jr., Michael A. Stoto. 1995. National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20418. 334p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-309-05329-3. $49.95. (Descriptors: Blood Banks, Risk Management, Law and Legislation, Medical Policy)

In 1993 the Institute of Medicine established a committee to study the transmission of HIV through the blood supply. This committee was called Committee to Study HIV Transmission Through Blood and Blood Products with Harold C. Sox, Jr. as Chair. The rest of the Committee was made up of Shulamith Bar-Shany, David Blumenthal, Allan M. Brandt, Barbara A. Debuono, Martha Derthick, Roger Detels, William Dulany, Mark Feinberg, Jerry Mashaw, Dorothy Nelkin, Madison Powers, Irwin M. Weinstin, and carol O'Boyle Williams. The Committee was to provide ways to "improve both decisionmaking and public health policy in meeting future challenges to the blood supply." They examined the decisions that were made from 1982 through 1986 and evaluated the actions that were taken to contain the AIDS epidemic. This book is the report that was prepared as a result of this study. "The Committee's conclusions and recommendations are intended to provide future leaders who will have responsibility for the blood supply with lessons gained from the experiences of those who tried to slow the tide of the AIDS epidemic among recipients of blood and blood products."

The report is divided into 8 parts: "Introduction," "The U.S. Blood Supply System," "History of the Controversy," "Product Treatment," "Donor Screening and Deferral," "Regulations and Recall," "Risk Communication to Physicians and Patients," and "Conclusions and Recommendations." This is a very well written report that provides a wealth of information concerning HIV and the blood supply. It should be required reading for all medical staff and for anyone who is in the position of making decisions concerning the use of blood products. Insuring the safety of the nation's blood supply should be high on everyone's agenda, regardless of the cost. Too many times suppliers will look at the cost factor first rather than the safety factor. This book looks at the safety factor and provides a series of recommendations that should be considered by the federal government as well as local agencies. A recommended book for all medical and academic libraries.

589.POZ. No. 17, October, 1996; no. 18, November, 1996. POZ Publishing, 349 W. 12th St, New York, NY 10014-1721. Bimonthly. ISSN 1075-5705. $19.95 per year.

The key articles in issue no. 17 are: "It's a Goddam Beautiful World," by Evan M. Forster--POZ grills rock star Brian Grillo; "AIDS Gets a Bad Rap," by Dream Hampton--Hip-hop's bad boys blame AIDS on the "hoes"; "Holly Go Brightly," by Justine Buchanan--the lead singer of Frankie Goes to Hollywood on AIDS and on canvas; and "The Age of Innocence," by Tom Beer--overlooked and underresearched TWAs--Teens with AIDS. In addition there are profiles on Alexandra Billings, Jackson Myars, Doug Stevens, Gloria Estefan, Barb Cardell, and Irene Borger.

The key articles in issue no. 18 are: "Campaign '96 Report," by Bob Hattoy, Chandler Burr, Scott Tucker, and Ann Northrop--Hattoy defends President Clinton, Burr prognosticates Bob Dole, Tucker urges PWAs to avoid both, Northrop turns the insiders out and POZ issues a report card on Clinton's first four years; "An Angel, A Ribbon, an Apple, a Cross," by Judith Lewis--in the other Washington, pioneering politician Judith Lewis perceives power in symbols; "Between the Lines," by Stephen Greco--Keith Haring draws conclusions in bright ink with a black pen--a portfolio; "Stars, Studs and Events," by Rodger McFarlane--take an exclusive peek at former APLA board member Michael Anketell's supremely dishy expose, Tarnished Sequins, before Calvin Klein stops you; and "Panic in Needle Park," by Stephen Arrendell--needle exchange has become so enmeshed in politics that even the science is being ignored. Profiles covered in this issue are: Larry McKeon, Tom Duane, David Curtis, Jon Nalley, and Mark Enos.

This is a highly recommended magazine for all HIV positive individuals and should be available in all libraries.

590.AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.8, no.3, June, 1996 and v.8, no.4, August, 1996. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. $125 per year institutions, $37.50 per year individuals.

This continues to be an excellent journal that is devoted to AIDS education and prevention. Issue no.3 has the following articles: "HIV Risk Behavior, Street Outreach, and Condom Use in Eight High-Risk Populations," by John E. Anderson, Rose Cheney, Michael Clatts, Sairus Faruque, Michele Kipke, Anna Long, Stephen Mills, Kathleen Toomey, Wayne Wiebel; "Male Bisexual Behavior and HIV Risk in the United States: Synthesis of Research with Implications for Behavioral Interventions," by Lynda Doll, Carolyn Beeker; "HIV Risk Correlates Among Non-Injection Cocaine Dependent Men in Treatment," by Robert M. Malow and Susan J. Ireland; "HIV Risks and Risk Reduction Readiness in Hard-to-Reach, Drug-Using African American and Mexican Women: An Exploratory Study," by Norma Haston Turner, David J. Solomon; "Understanding Why Heterosexual Adults Do Not Practice Safer Sex: A Comparison of Two Samples," by Francoise S. Kusseling, Martin F. Shapiro, Jerome M. Greenberg, Neil S. Wenger; "Examination of the Relationship Between African American Adolescents' Condom Use at Sexual Onset and Later Sexual Behavior: Implications for Condom Distribution Programs," by Janet S. St. Lawrence, Catina P. Scott; and "AIDS Knowledge, Teaching Comfort, and Support for AIDS Education Among School Teachers; A Statewide Survey," by Joseph A. Boscarino, Ralph J. DiClemente.

The articles in issue no. 4 are: "Developing a Cost-Effective Media Campaign Addressing Unprotected Anal Sex Among Gay Men," by Carolyn Dawson, Karen Hartfield; "Cognitive and Emotional Assessments of Perceived Risk for HIV Among Unmarried Heterosexuals," by M. Margaret Dolcini, Joseph A. Catania, Kyung-Hee Choi, Mindy Thompson Fullilove, Thomas J. Coates; "Self-Reported Risk Factors for AIDS Among Homeless Youth," by Timothy P. Johnson, Jeannie R. Aschkenasy, Mary Ruth Herbers, Stephen A. Gillenwater; "Assessing Reading Level of Drug Users for HIV and AIDS Prevention Purposes," by Mark E. Johnson, Dennis G. Fisher, Dawn C. Davis, Henry H. Cagle, Fen Rhodes, Robert Booth, Harvey Siegal, Adelbert Jones; "HIV-Related Concerns and Behaviors Among Hispanic Women," by Sherry Deren, Michele Shedlin, Mark Beardsley; "Needs Assessment for an Urban Native HIV and AIDS Prevention Program," by Paul Brassard, Christina Smeja, Clara Valverde; "Prevention Implications of AIDS Discourses Among South African Women," by Anna Strebel; and "Assigning New Meanings to Traditional Literature: Illustrations for HIV Educators," by Dennis Leoutsakas.

591.Atlas of Differential Diagnosis in HIV Disease, by M.C.I. Lipman, T.A. Gluck, M.A. Johnson. 1995. Parthenon Publishing Group, One Blue Hill Plaza, PO Box 1564, Pearl River, NY 10965. 139p., illus., bibliog., index. (Encyclopedia of Visual Medicine Series) ISBN 1-85070-474-0. $78.00. (Descriptors: Diagnosis, Atlases, Differential Diagnosis)

This book fills a void in the AIDS literature by providing a comprehensive atlas that is intended for the health-care provider. Visual aids in differential diagnosis are extremely important, especially in the case of AIDS which affects so many of the organ systems of the body. "The most important organ systems affected by HIV diseases are included and the high-quality illustrations range from photographs of patients with cutaneous manifestations to histopathologic slides to radiographs." With the illustrations is an excellent text that describes what is being depicted. After an introduction the atlas covers in separate chapters--skin disease, respiratory disease, gastrointestinal disease, neurological disease, ocular disease, and malignant disease. Obviously it would be impossible to show every last way that the disease affects the body organs, but this book has provided an excellent selection for the clinician. Many of the examples are the extreme cases and as a result, the general layperson will find this a very un-nerving book. It is not intended to be a general book for the general public. It is, however, highly recommended for all medical libraries and the private libraries of those medical personnel who work with HIV patients.

592.AIDS and the Public Debate: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, edited by Caroline Hannaway, Victoria A. Harden, John Parascandola. 1995. IOS Press, PO Box 10558, Burke, VA 22009-0558. 216p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 90-5199-190-8. $70.00. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, International Aspects, Public Health Service) (Contributors: Virginia Berridge, Allan M. Brandt, James W. Curran, R. Gordon Douglas, Jr., Paul Edward Farmer, Anthony S. Fauci, Richard Goldstein, Caroline Hannaway, Victoria A. Harden, C. Everett Koop, Ruth Kulstad, Maryinez Lyons, Anne Marie Moulin, June E. Osborn, John Parascandola, Mark D. Smith, James Harvey Young)

This well written book provides an insight into how the public debate over HIV has affected funding, research, government response, and the care of those who are infected. The Public Health Service is one of the agencies in the government that is responsible for responding to the AIDS epidemic with three major agencies involved in the effort--Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, and the Food and Drug Administration. All three are key players in just how much or how little the government will do. Unfortunately politics always gets in the way as is shown in some of the papers where the work of these agencies was hampered during the Reagan Administration through lack of support at the top levels. "AIDS was not viewed solely as a medical issue, but was enmeshed with moral concerns involving sexuality, substance abuse, and other controversial matters." Reagan would not speak out and prevented many from doing so. "Koop complains that there were those in government who placed conservative ideology above saving human lives." Frightening but true. This books looks at all of the ways AIDS is viewed whether it is science or politics or the arts.

Fortunately the AIDS activists have helped to stimulate the FDA to speed up the process of review and approval of new AIDS drugs. Much more needs to be done. The science of AIDS cannot be separated from politics. "In order to prevent HIV infection, we have to confront social problems such as homelessness, poverty, prostitution, and substance abuse." Many wonder if more would have been done quicker if AIDS had surfaced with some other group rather than with gays who are discriminated against at many levels. Gays, however, banned together and provided excellent support groups for their own community which eventually became the model for those who were not gay. The epidemic has forced historians to "reevaluate a whole series of questions about medical and cultural responses to disease in the past." The arts have been devastated by AIDS. The mortality in the worlds of literature, the visual arts, theater, and dance are devastating. As a result, American writers, artists, and performers now incorporate AIDS into some of their works.

The contributors provide excellent papers that touch on all of the above topics as well as many others. Part 1: "AIDS and the United States Public Health Service," covers such topics as Koop's recollections, the CDC's role, NIH and biomedical research on AIDS, and AIDS and the FDA. Part 2: "AIDS and American Society," has 6 very interesting papers--"The National Commission on AIDS," "The Implications of AIDS for the Development of Therapies and Vaccines," "AIDS and Minority Health," "Publishing AIDS Papers in the Early 1980s," "AIDS: From Public History to Public Policy," and "The Impact of AIDS on American Culture." The final part: "The International Consequences of AIDS," contains 4 papers that should make anyone sit up and take notice--"Pestilence and Restraint: Haitians, Guantanamo, and Logic of Quarantine," "Unambiguous Voluntarism?: AIDS and the Voluntary Sector in the United Kingdom, 1981-1992," "Reversible History: Blood Transfusion and the Spread of AIDS in France," and "Women's Destiny and AIDS in Uganda."

The contributors stress that we cannot go back and change history, but we can learn from what has happened so that the future will be better served. Also, we cannot predict the future, but we should have a better understanding "of the ways in which our view of the disease and our reaction to it have been shaped by our values and our institutions." We can only hope that our leaders will read this book and understand that we have to learn from the mistakes we made in not doing some things faster, so that there can be hope during the final years of this century and into the next century. A highly recommended book for all libraries.

593.At War Within: The Double-Edged Sword of Immunity, by William R. Clark. 1995. Oxford University Press, 198 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 275p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-19-509286-4. $25.00. (Descriptors: Immune System, Popular Works, Immunologic Diseases)

This is a book for the layperson. It is about our immune system which affects most every maladity that we encounter in the human body. The immune system is powerful in warding off disease but it sometimes can overkill and become deadly, causing much damage and maybe death. The immune system can let you either accept an alternative treatment or transplant, or it can violently reject what you want it to do, resulting in death. "In AIDS, the loss of immune function that is the hallmark of this disease may be due as much to the immune system attacking itself as to damage from the AIDS virus." Clark describes the immune system and how it functions in a systematic way so that the reader can easily understand what is being read.

The 8 fascinating chapters cover: "Overture to a Science Unborn: Smallpox and the Origins of Immunology," "The Anatomy of an Immune Response," "Living in the Bubble: Primary Immune Deficiency Diseases," "Hypersensitivity and Allergy," "Horror Autotoxicus: The Immunology of Self-Destruction," "When the Wall Comes Tumbling Down: AIDS," "Organ Transplantation: Exploring the Boundary Between Technology and Ethics," and "Minding the Immune System's Business: The Dialogue Between the brain and the Immune System." The chapter that covers AIDS is straight forward and to the point. It does not use scare tactics but it puts the facts on the table for one to read and think about. Clark ends with thoughts of the future which look promising to him. Since he did his research, much has developed to make it look even more promising. This is by far the best book about the immune system, written for the layperson. It is highly recommended for all libraries.

594.Sarah's Song: A True Story of Love and Courage, by Janice A. Burns. 1995. Warner Books, 1271 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 312p. ISBN 0-446-52003-9. $21.95. (Descriptors: Patients, Biography)

A truly moving story of two very much in love individuals who both were HIV positive. Janice has published her diary of life with her husband, Bill. They loved life, eating out, going to plays, vacationing, and buying fine furniture. They, also, faced each day with the thought that one of them would die, but not knowing who would be first. Bill became sick first. This book is about how Sarah cared for him, loved him, and made his life as easy as possible and yet try to take care of herself. This book is about "an unforgettable aria of devotion, of dedicating yourself, body and soul, to the one you love not out of duty or political correctness but for the sheer joy of it. It is a haunting refrain of undying love in the time of AIDS." Tears will come to your eyes and force you to put the book aside for awhile, but you will soon pick it up and read on. Anyone who has lost someone to AIDS or is caring for someone with AIDS will find comfort in reading Sarah's Song. It should be in every library.

595.Sexual Behaviour and AIDS in the Developing World, edited by John Cleland, Benoit Ferry. 1995. Taylor & Francis, 1900 Frost Road, Ste 101, Bristol, PA 19007, for the World Health Organization. 243p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS). ISBN 0-7484-0343-4, 0-7484-0344-2pbk. $75.00, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Sexual Behavior, Developing World, Condoms, Risk Perception, Risk Factors) (Contributors: Michael Merson, Manuel Carballo, Benoit Ferry, Jean-Claude Deheneffe, Masuma Mamdani, Roger Ingham, Michel Carael, Amir Mehryar, John Cleland)

"This volume contains findings from sexual behaviour and partner relations surveys conducted in the late 1980s and early 1990s in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Central and South America." There are 16 surveys reported on in this book with the data collection carried out by the Social and Behavioural Research Unit of the World Health Organization's Global Programme on AIDS (GPA). Although the work that is reported is only the beginning, the findings have widespread ramifications for prevention by giving us a picture of the many variations in sexual behavior across gender, age groups, and population groups. The task of this group was presented with many difficult problems since sexual behavior is not a normal topic that is discussed in the developing countries. The facts are, however, that unprotected sex accounts for the most number of HIV infection throughout the world. It is hoped that the countries in which these studies were made will continue to go forward with further studies so that HIV infection can be slowed.

The 8 chapters cover: "History and Background," "Characteristics of Surveys and Data Quality," "AIDS: Knowledge, Awareness and Attitudes," "Sexual Behaviour," "Condoms: Awareness, Attitudes and Use," "Risk Perception and Behavioural Change," "Risk Factors Related to HIV Transmission: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Alcohol Consumption and Medically-Related Injections," and "Summary and Conclusions." Countries and cities that participated in the surveys included CAR, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Togo, Burundi, Kenya, Lesotho, Tanzania, Lusaka, Mauritius, Manila, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Rio de Janeiro. The results of the survey analysis clearly show that much more needs to be done if more accurate data is desired. This is a very timely book that needs to be read by all those who are thinking of doing data gathering in the developing countries. The social aspects of doing these surveys is extremely complicated. Using what is already learned will make future surveys even more valuable. A highly recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.

596.Skin Manifestations of AIDS, 2nd edition by Neal S. Penneys. 1995. Mosby-Year Book, 11830 Westline Industrial Drive, St. Louis, MO 63146. 252p., color illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-85317-242-1. $59.95. (Descriptors: Skin Diseases)

This is not a book for the squeamish. The color illustrations will make even the most seasoned of medical personnel squirm since the skin diseases that are the result of HIV infection can be very horrific to view. Each year more is known about this dreadful disease, providing medical personnel to produce books and atlases such as this one that can help those who are diagnosing these diseases. The illustrations are outstanding and the text that accompanies them is brief but very descriptive. The atlas contains 13 chapters: "AIDS--Its Pathogenesis, Classification and Epidemiology," "Early Cutaneous Signs and Symptoms of HIV," "Superficial Fungal and Protozoal Infections," "Disseminated Fungal and Protozoal Infections," "Bacterial and Complex Infections," "Venereal Disease," "Cutaneous Viral Disease in AIDS," "Cutaneous Presentations of Malignancy in AIDS," "Mucosal Lesions," "Pediatric AIDS," "Pruritic Papular and Follicular Eruptions," "Miscellaneous Dermatoses," and "Drug Reactions." A highly recommended book for all medical personnel who are treating HIV infections on a daily basis. Should be in all medical libraries.

597.Solitary Pleasures: The Historical, Literary, and Artistic Discourses on Autoeroticism, edited by Paula Bennett, Vernon A. Rosario II. 1995. Routledge, 29 W 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 286p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN: 0-415-91173-7, 0-415-91174-5pbk. $55.00, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Masturbation, Masturbation in Literature, Masturbation in Art) (Contributors: Paula Bennett, Roger Celestin, Kelly Dennis, Earl Jackson, Jr., Thomas W. Laqueur, Christopher Looby, Roy Porter, Vernon A. Rosario, II, Lawrence Schehr, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Laura Weigert)

In this time of the AIDS crisis, there is a great deal of talk about safer sex. Experts have tried to provide an educational insight on what is safe and what is not safe. It might surprise the general public that one of the safest of all sexual pleasures has been around for centuries. That pleasure is masturbation. Unfortunately religion and those who speak of morales have made the word masturbation a wicked word. Young boys and girls in very religious families were punished severely if caught masturbating. There was even the idea that masturbation was considered a serious disease well into the twentieth century. Yet it is the easiest and safest way to release those sexual desires that arise in an individual. This book provides an excellent historical summary of autoeroticisms. The contributors sum it all up very well with "Beyond the constraints of orthodox reproductive practices, solitary pleasure is a fundamentally generative form of sexual behavior, deeply implicated in the creative process and therefore basic to much that is good and enriching in human life."

The titles of the 11 chapters summarize very well what is included in this fascinating book: "Autonomy as Deviance: Sixteenth-Century Images of Witches and Prostitutes," "Playing with Herself: Feminine Sexuality and Aesthetic Indifference," "Forbidden Pleasures: Enlightenment Literature of Sexual Advice," "Phantastical Pollutions: The Public Threat of Private Vice in France," "Jane Austen and the Masturbating Girl," "The Social Evil, the Solitary Vice, and Pouring Tea," "The Roots of the Orchis, the Iuli of Chestnuts: The Odor of Male Solitude," "Pomegranate-Flowers: The Phantasmic Productions of Late-Nineteenth-Century Anglo-American Women Poets," "Fragments of a Poetics: Bonnetain and Roth," "Can Robinson Crusoe Find True Happiness (Alone)?: Beyond the Genitals and History on the Island of Hope," and "Coming in Handy: The J/O Spectacle and Gay Male Subject in Almodovar." Needless to say there will be many who say this book is trash, advocating sin, and all other kinds of vulgar recreations. For those who are not ignorant, this book will be an educational trip through the years, touching on a topic that should not be hid, but elaborated upon. One of the most unsafe ways of having sex is unprotected penetration resulting in semen being injected into the partner's body. Masturbation, on the other hand is the safest way to release that sexual desire. A highly recommended book for public, academic, and medical libraries.

598.HIV/AIDS: Facts to Consider: 1996, by Tracey Hooker. 1996. National Conference of State Legislatures, 1560 Broadway, Ste. 700, Denver, CO 80202. 64p. ISBN: 1-55516-705-5. $20.00. (Descriptors: Facts, Transmission, Drug Treatment)

This book is "an overview of the facts and issues for effective policymaking and program development with regard to HIV/AIDS." It provides a wealth of facts and statistics that pertain to HIV infection, up-to-date as of October 30, 1995. In addition to HIV-related statistics there are statistics about sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis. Information is provided on such topics as the difference between HIV and AIDS, how people become infected, heterosexual transmission, ranking of AIDS as a cause of death, geographic caseload trends, worldwide trends, populations affected (women, infants and children, adolescents and young adults, youth risk behaviors, gay and bisexual men, young gay and bisexual men, people of color, injecting drug users), costs/funding, drug treatment, state policy and program issues (blood and semen donation, condoms and condom availability, confidentiality, correctional system, criminal penalties, discrimination, guardianship/foster care/adoption, health care workers, informed consent and exceptions, needle exchange and access to sterile syringes, notification, prenatal counseling and testing, newborn testing, school education, sex offender testing, testing and reporting, home test kits, and workplace issues), sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis.

This is an excellent summary that would be well-suited for any reference shelf of any library. Highly recommended.

599.Burden of a Secret: A Story of Truth and Mercy in the Face of AIDS, by Jimmy Allen. 1995. Moorings/Ballantine Publishing Group, 201 E. 50th St., New York, NY 10022. 248p. ISBN 0-345-40091-7. $17.99. (Descriptors: Religious Aspects, Christianity, Patients, Family Relationships, Baptists, Biography, Southern Baptist Convention, Suffering)

This is a book about unacceptance and acceptance in the face of AIDS. Jimmy Allen, a distinguished church leader and author, reveals the immense burden he had on his shoulders, all because of his son's wife, who received HIV-tainted blood during the delivery of her second child in the mid-1980s. What followed was a tragedy that has hit so many families. It hits the gay population more but in this case it hit a straight family. Scott was a pastor in Colorado and when it was found that his wife and two children were HIV-positive, he turned to church members for support. To his astonishment, they asked him to resign as pastor. Within 8 months his second child died and his wife died shortly thereafter. Then Allen's middle son declared his homosexuality and the diagnosis that he was HIV-positive. This was almost more than Jimmy Allen could bear, there were no easy answers. He received the support of friends, the love of family, and the Grace of God, and set about to write this inspiring book in order to release the burden of a secret that he had held for so long. An excellent book that other families with similar circumstances could read and receive some comfort. Recommended for all school, public, and academic libraries.

600.AIDS TV: Identity, Community, and Alternative Video, by Alexandra Juhasz. 1995. Duke University Press, PO Box 90660, Durham, NC 27708-0660. 316p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN: 0-8223-1683-8, 0-8223-1695-1pbk. $49.95, $17.95pbk. (Descriptors: Mass Media, Social Aspects, Political Aspects)

This book "is dedicated to the recognition, definition, history, and theory of the alternative AIDS media." It is a study of the many videos and television productions about AIDS. Why are these videos produced in such great numbers? They are produced to educate, lobby, change behavior, change beliefs, and many, many other reasons. Alternative AIDS TV is "the use of video production to form a local response to AIDS, to articulate a rebuttal to or a revision of the mainstream media's definitions and representations of AIDS, and to form community around a new identity forced into existence by the fact of AIDS." These videos are meant "to speak back to AIDS, to speak back to a government and society that has mishandled this crisis, and to speak out to each other." The author studied 9 types of alternative AIDS video productions: "Cable access talk shows," "Documents of performances and plays addressing AIDS," "Documentary (memorial) portraits of PLWAs," "Experimental works by artists deconstructing mass media hysteria," "Educational tapes on transmission of and protection against HIV," "Documentaries portraying the vast range of AIDS service organizations," "Safer-sex tapes," "Activist tapes," and "Tapes for PLWAs."

This book has done a very good job in studying and analyzing alternative AIDS videos, mostly by female producers "and their extratextual circumstances, so as to mark, celebrate, and examine camcorder AIDS activism to help us better understand AIDS, the media, politics, identity, and community in the face of AIDS." It is a book for activists who are interested in changing the political course of AIDS in the real world. One chapter documents the efforts that the author is making through WAVE (Women's AIDS Video Enterprise). There is a 12-page bibliography and an excellent annotated videography produced by Catherine Saalfield, 24 pages. A recommended book for any public or academic library as well as personal use.

601.AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, edited by Lorraine Sherr, Robert Bor, Jonathan Elford, Graham Hart, Michael Ross. V.7, no.3, 1995, CARFAX Publishing Co., 875-81 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02139. 6 times per year. ISSN 0954-0121. $448.00 per year institutions, $112.00 per year individuals. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Social Aspects, Medical Aspects)

This periodical provides a forum for publishing articles about AIDS as they relate to the fields of psychology, sociology, epidemiology, social work, anthropology, social aspects of medicine, nursing, education, health education, law, administration, and counselling. The goal is to have articles for as wide an audience possible and from as many diverse areas worldwide as possible so that the global impact of AIDS can be reported. Articles in this issue cover: "Female prostitutes in south London," "Unconventional conceptions and HIV," "Risky heterosexual practices amongst women over 30," "Perceived function of and barriers to condom use in Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions of Tanzania," "Reliance by gay men and intravenous drug users on friends and family for AIDS-related care," "In-patient care for symptomatic, HIV-infected persons," "Friends and lovers: needle sharing in young people in Western Australia," "Unmet needs for help among persons with AIDS," "Women and AIDS in Zambia," "Somatic care wanted by HIV-infected intravenous drug abusers," and "Guidelines for counselling adolescents with Haemophila and HIV infection and their families."

This is an excellent publication with a wide range of articles that are well researched and written. Any researcher in the area of AIDS should be aware of this publication now in its eighth year of publication. Highly recommended for all medical libraries.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated: 10/25/96
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/