A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L No. 34

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 34-April, 1997


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659. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.8, no.5,6, October, December, 1996; v.9, no.1, February, 1997; Special Supplement to v.9, no.1, February, 1997.
660. Positively Women: Living with AIDS, edited by Sue O'Sullivan, Kate Thomason.
661. At Odds with AIDS: Thinking and Talking About a Virus, by Alexander Garcia Duttmann.
662. Feminizing Venereal Disease: The Body of the Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century Medical Discourse, by Mary Spongberg.
663. HIV/AIDS: What Health Professionals Need to Know, edited by Joan Schulman.
664. Pocket Book of Infectious Disease Therapy, 7th edition by John G. Bartlett.
665. Vaccines 96: Molecular Approaches to the Control of Infectious Diseases, edited by Fred Brown, Erling Norrby, Dennis Burton, John Mekalanos.
666. HIV Infection: A Clinical Approach, edited by Mary M. Fanning.
667. AIDS and the Body Politic: Biomedicine and Sexual Difference, by Catherine Waldby.
668. Prisons and AIDS: A Public Health Challenge, by Ronald L. Braithwaite, Theodore M. Hammett, Robert M. Mayberry.
669. Clinical Guide to AIDS and HIV, edited by Gary P. Wormser.
670. No Germs Allowed!: How to Avoid Infectious Diseases at Home and on the Road, by Winkler G. Weinberg.
671. AIDS, Drugs and Prevention: Perspectives on Individual and Community Action, edited by Tim Rhodes, Richard Hartnoll.

Pre-1996 books briefly mentioned.

672. Like People in History, by Felice Picano.
673. HIV/AIDS Overview, edited by Joan Schulman.
674. Broken Dreams: Journal of a Life Shattered by AIDS, by Keith A. Wall, Karen Scalf Linamen.
675. To a Patient Named Nick: A Different Kind of Story of a Nurse and an AIDS Patient, by Eva Lou Altarejos-Espinosa.

659. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, edited by Francisco S. Sy, v.8, no.5,6, October, December, 1996; v.9, no.1, February, 1997; Special Supplement to v.9, no.1, February, 1997. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. 6 issues per year. $135.00 institutions, $40.00 individuals. (Descriptors: Education, Prevention)

This journal continues to provide state-of-the-art information about AIDS and related issues as it pertains to education and prevention, including development, implementation, and evaluation. It also covers various public health, psychosocial, ethical, and public policy issues that are related to AIDS education and prevention.

Volume 8, no. 5, October, 1996 contains the following articles: "Organizing Asian Pacific Islanders in an Urban Community to Reduce HIV Risk: A Case Study" by Sana Loue, Linda S. Lloyd, Eric Phoombour; "Behavioral Risks for HIV Infection Associated with HIV-Testing Decisions" by Kim S. Miller, Michael Hennessy, Deborah A. Wendell, Mayris P. Webber, Ellie E. Schoenbaum; "Children's Understanding of the Symptoms of AIDS" by Mary R. Shoemaker, David J. Schonfeld, Linda L. O'Hare, Donald R. Showalter, Domenic V. Cicchetti; "HIV Risk Among Latino Gay Men in the Southwestern United States" by Rafael M. Diaz, Ron D. Stall, Colleen Hoff, Dennis Daigle, Thomas J. Coates; "AIDS-Relevant Condom Use by Gay and Bisexual Men: The Role of Person Variables and the Interpersonal Situation" by William P. Sacco, Richard L. Rickman; "HIV Risk Behaviors Among Dominican Brothel and Street Prostitutes in New York City" by Sherry Deren, Jesus Sanchez, Michele Shedlin, W. Rees Davis, Mark Beardsley, Don Des Jarlais, Kim Miller; and "Effects of AIDS Counseling and Risk Reduction Training on the Chronic Mentally Ill" by Roger C. Katz, Carole Westerman, Kenneth Beauchamp, Cris Clay.

Volume 8, no.6, November, 1996 contains the following articles: "The Transition from Underground to Legal Syringe Exchange: The New York City Experience" by Lee M. Kochems, Denise Paone, Don C. Des Jarlais, Immanuel Ness, Jessica Clark, Samuel R. Friedman; "Multiple Sexual Partners and Condom Use Among Long-Distance Truck Drivers in Thailand" by Chai Podhisita, Maria J. Wawer, Anthony Pramualratana, Uriwan Kanungsukkasem, Regina McNamara; "Predictors of African American Adolescents' Condom Use and HIV Risk Behavior" by David Reitman, Janet S. St. Lawrence, Kennis W. Jefferson, Edna Alleyne, Ted L. Brasfield, Aaron Shirley; "Effects of an Institutional AIDS Prevention Intervention: Moderation by Gender" by Ann O'Leary, Loretta S. Jemmott, Fern Goodhart, Janet Gebelt; "HIV Seropositive Gay Men: Understanding Adoption of Safe Sexual Practices" by Gaston Godin, Josee Savard, Gerjo Kok, Christian Fortin, Richard Boyer; and "Differences Between Gay Men in Primary Relationships and Single Men: Implications for Prevention" by Colleen C. Hoff, Thomas J. Coates, Donald C. Barrett, Linda Collette, Maria Ekstrand.

Volume 9, no. 1, February, 1997 contains: "Measurement of Condom Use Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancies in a Geographically Diverse Group of STD Patients" by Colleen Dilorio, Edward Maibach, Ann O'Leary, Catherine A. Sanderson, David Celentano; "Attitudes about AIDS Education and Condom Availability Among Parents of High School Students in New York City: A Focus Group Approach" by Yvonne Rafferty, Alice Radosh; "Understanding the Intention of Gay and Bisexual Men to Take the HIV Antibody Test" by G. Godin, T. Myers, J. Lambert, L. Calzavara, D. Locker; "Communication of HIV Serostatus Between Potential Sex Partners in Personal Ads" by Francoise F. Hamers, Howard A. Bueller, Thomas A. Peterman; "Toward Reducing the Spread of HIV in Northeastern Thai Villages: Evaluation of a Village-Based Intervention" by David Elkins, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale, Thicumporn Kuyyakanond, Peter Miller, Melissa Haswell-Elkins; "An Evaluation of teaching Methods Utilized During an HIV Miniresidency Course for Thai Physicians" by Steven C. Zell; "Migrant Laborers and AIDS in the United States: A Review of the Literature" by Kurt C. Organista, Pamela Balls Organista; and "A Preintervention Survey to Determine Understanding of HIV and AIDS in Farmworker Communities in Zimbabwe" by Susan M.L. Laver, Bart van den Borne, Gerjo Kok, Godfrey Woelk.

Special supplement to v.9, no.1, February, 1997, is a special issue entitled "Research on Behavioral Interventions to Reduce STD-HIV Risk: Null Findings, Replication Efforts, and Recommendations," containing the following articles: "Reflections on the Design and Reporting of STD/HIV Behavioral Intervention Research" by Ann O'Leary, Ralph J. DiClemente, Sevgi O. Aral; "How Important is Publication Bias?: A Synthesis of Available Data" by Kay Dickersin; "Effects of a Skill-Based Intervention to Encourage Condom Use Among High Risk Heterosexually Active Adolescents" by Mary Rogers Gillmore, Diane M. Morrison, Cheryl A. Richey, Mary Lou Balassone, Lorraine Gutierrez, Martha Farris; "An Impact Evaluation of Project SNAPP: An Aids and Pregnancy Prevention Middle School Program" by Douglas Kirby, Meg Korpi, Carla Adivi, Jennifer Weissman; "Evaluation of an HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for Women Entering Inpatient Substance Abuse Treatment" by Gloria D. Eldridge, Janet S. St. Lawrence, Connie E. Little, Millicent C. Shelby, Ted L. Brasfield, James W. Service, Kay Sly; "Acitivity and Similarity in Safer-Sex Workshops Led by Peer Educators" by Glenn D. Reeder, John B. Pryor, Lisa Harsh; and "Does Parental Involvement Make a Difference?: Impact of Parent Interactive Activities on Students in a School-Based AIDS Prevention Program" by Kyle Weeks, Susan R. Levy, Audrey K. Gordon, Arden Handler, Cydne Perhats, Brian R. Flay.

An excellent publication that should be in all academic and medical libraries.

660. Positively Women Living with AIDS, edited by Sue O'Sullivan, Kate Thomson. 1996. Pandora/HarperCollins, 1160 Battery St., San Francisco, CA 94111-1213. 303p. ISBN 0-04-440943-5. $18.00. (Descriptors: Women, Social Aspects, Pregnancy, Grief) (Contributors: Danielle Mercey, National AIDS Trust, Emily Scharf, Carol Smith, Lei Zhou An, Roz Pendlebury, Simmy Viinikka, Sue O'Sullivan, Hope Massiah, Andria Efthimou, Bev Greet, Kate Thomson)

This book, first published in Great Britain, "is a book by positive women about their lives and their hopes, as well as the problems they have faced." The book is intended to be an inspiration for other positive women who feel isolated and left out. It is hoped that through these stories, others will see that positive women come from all walks of life. Their stories "make clear the bonding which takes place between them because of the virus." Fear is one of the most encountered stigmas with HIV positive women, and through this fear many false assumptions are put into place, resulting in great harm to those who are positive. In Great Britain there is a group called Positive Women which focuses on women's experiences, maintaining contact with other HIV/AIDS organizations, including those that are gay. It fulfills a need by providing positive support groups, working on advocacy, and, above all, educating everyone. It is the hope that everyone "will read this book and identify with some part of it, so that the separation between those who are positive and those who assume they are not will be made smaller, and the stigma of the virus lessened."

The first part of the book provides the stories of 12 positive women. These stories not only relate their HIV experiences but, also, provide an insight to their very personal life before becoming positive. The second part of the book--"How HIV/AIDS Affects Women's Lives"--contains 12 chapters: "UK Declaration of Human Rights," "An AIDS Consultant's Approach," "Research: HIV/AIDS and the Invisibility of Women," "A Naturopath's Approach to HIV/AIDS," "A Traditional Chinese Medical Approach," "Housing Needs of Positive Women," "Legal Concerns of Women with HIV or AIDS," "Pregnancy, HIV and Women," "Thinking About the Issues," "Facing the Challenge--Living With IT," "Sex in Difficult Times," and "Grief and Loss." Also included are reading lists and resources for Great Britain, North America, and Australia.

This is a very good book to recommend for any women who is HIV positive, providing them with some support and strength to keep going, especially, in 1997 when there are so many new drugs that look so promising. Above anything else, this book gives positive women something to grasp on to and begin to live a life that has a future. Recommended for all libraries and especially for the personal libraries of HIV positive women.

661. At Odds with AIDS: Thinking and Talking About a Virus, by Alexander Garcia Duttmann. 1996. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA 94305-2235. 144p., bibliog. (Meridian, Crossing Aesthetics) ISBN 0-8407-2437-7, 0-8407-2438-5pbk. $37.50, $12.95pbk. (Descriptors: Philosophy, Social Aspects)

This book was originally published in German in 1993 under the title Uneins mit AIDS: Wie uber einen Virus nachgedacht und geredet Wird by Fischer Tashenbuch Verlag GmbH. This is a very philosophical book that is intended to make one think about AIDS, life, death, and time. Duttmann confronts questions about these facts from the philosophical backgrounds of Kant, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and Heidegger. He tries to analyze and provide an explanation of what it means to "be at odds with AIDS." In doing this he talks about "dis-unity" and "at-odds-ness" and "non-belonging," in order to make individuals understand that the "conceptualization of alternative discursive possibilities (narrative or not) of coming to terms with the violent dislocation that AIDS signifies, individually and collectively." This is not an easy book to read, but buried within the 144 pages is much to think about, to re-read, to challenge, and to discuss with others. The core of the book can be summed up from the quote in the first chapter: "Wherever AIDS arouses anxiety about dying before one's time, wherever it provokes anger about the interruption of the time of a life that no longer presents its natural and meaningful end, in short, wherever AIDS becomes the sign of a (missing) meaning, and the possibility of living under such a sign is given, the consciousness of that anxiety or that anger, as well as the reflexivity through which one experiences oneself as living under the sign of AIDS, must raise the question of whether one's own behavior did not also determine the loss or the lack of coherent meaning of life and death."

This is not a book for everyone to read but it is a book for those who delve into the philosophical intertwinings that surround AIDS today. A recommended book for all academic libraries.

662. Feminizing Venereal Disease: The Body of the Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century Medical Discourse, by Mary Spongberg. 1997. New York University Press, 70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012-1091. 231p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8147-8060-1. $40.00. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, History, Prostitutes, Health and Hygiene, Prostitution, History of Prostitution)

"The central aim of this book is to examine the medical literature on syphilis and gonorrhea and to show how this influenced the construction of the prostitute as (a) pathological female and contaminated other(s). The idea that men acquired venereal disease from women has always been taken for granted, they were the victims and women were the source, in other words, by the eighteenth century all venereal disease appeared to be sexually transmitted by women. During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries there were significant scientific breakthroughs regarding both diseases but the ancient fears and superstitions about the female bodies and female sexuality were still there as a hindrance. What is found in this book "is the various ways in which medical opinion responded to new scientific evidence about venereal disease and how such evidence about venereal disease was incorporated with archaic notions of female sexual pollution."

The book is divided into 5 parts: "Feminizing Syphilis," "Regulation," "The Question of Child Prostitution," "Syphilis, Male Sexuality and Female Degeneration," and "Conclusion." The last section has one chapter that is very interesting, "Trapped in a Woman's Body?: The Persistence of Feminine Pathology in Biomedical Discourse around HIV/AIDS." Here will be found discussions of how some researchers still equate gays with excess and promiscuity and then further equate that with feminity which goes back to the assumptions that women have always been promiscuous and were the carriers of venereal diseases. In other words, it is no wonder that AIDS is spread in the gay community because they act as if they were women in having sex, the only difference is doing it in the anus rather than the vagina.

An interesting book for anyone who is interested in the history of venereal disease. It provides some interesting facts to consider about women and venereal disease and makes the reader aware that women have taken a bad rap for many centuries and that bad rap is slowly being transferred to the gays in this age of AIDS. Recommended for all academic and medical libraries.

663. HIV/AIDS: What Health Professionals Need to Know, 5th edition edited by Joan Schulman. 1996. Health Studies Institute, PO Box 163200, Miami, FL 33116-3200. 131p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-879772-00-0. $55.00. (Descriptors: Health Professionals, Medical Aspects, Curriculum) (Contributors: Jack P. Hartog, Ann S. Pozen, W. Edward Robinson, Jr., Faith Sousa Schaefer, John D. Tabak)

This is an outline course for all health care providers that offers "recommendations on how to educate and advise patents on preventing infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), assess their risk of infection, and care for them if test results indicate they are HIV-seropositive." It stresses that the information is up-to-date, including a January, 1997, update flyer that provides new information for various parts of the book. Each chapter is brief, presenting the facts in clear and easy to understand outline form. The first chapter covers epidemiology, including case surveillance, demographic characteristics, sexual transmission, parenteral transmission, perinatal transmission, and mortality. Chapter two discusses transmission and antibody testing, while chapter three covers seropositive patients. The fourth chapter presents information about immune system therapy and vaccine research and the fifth covers preventing opportunistic infections. The sixth chapter is an important one in that it instructs the provider in recognizing and treating HIV-related diseases, including oral lesions, PCP, candidiasis, tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium, toxoplasmic encephalitis, cryptoccoccosis, coccidioidomycosis, herpesvirus infections, enteric infections, Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphomas, cervical cancer, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, HIV encephalopathy, and wasting syndrome. The last two chapters cover infection control and the legal aspects.

Each chapter ends with a summary and a test which can then be sent to the publisher for checking. At the end of the text are four appendices: "HIV/AIDS Information Sources," "Checklist of Selected Signs and Symptoms," "Uses and Characteristics of Selected Medications," and "Florida Legal Aspects of HIV/AIDS." There is also a list of definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms. This is an excellent, easy-to-understand study manual that would be useful not only for health care providers but for anyone who wants to become educated about HIV/AIDS. Recommended for all libraries.

664. Pocket Book of Infectious Disease Therapy, 7th edition by John G. Bartlett. 1996. Williams & Wilkins, 351 W Camden St., Baltimore, Maryland 21201-2436. 343p., index. ISBN 0-683-18238-2. $14.95. (Descriptors: Therapy, Preventive Treatment, Infections)

Since 1990, this pocket book has given physicians and other care providers quick information about infectious disease therapy. Its goal is "to provide standards of care for the management of infectious diseases with particular emphasis on antimicrobial agents, their selection, dosing regimens, costs, and side effects." This edition has had extensive updating with additions, deletions, and revisions. Information is given for newly approved antibiotics including ceftibutin, dirithromycin, lamivudine, indinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, valacyclovir, and amphotericin B lipid complex as well as information about new vaccines for hepatitis A, varicella zoster, and typhoid. All of the information is given in easy to follow charts and tables. The book is divided into 4 sections with the first an outline of information about antimicrobial agents, the second looks at preventive treatment, the third at nonbacterial infections, and the last looks at each of the specific types of infections with HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. This is an excellent little book to quickly find information about treatment of the diseases, the kinds of drugs that are used, and the side effects that may occur. Highly recommended for all health care providers and an excellent reference source for any medical or academic library.

665. Vaccines96: Molecular Approaches to the Control of Infectious Diseases, edited by Fred Brown, Erling Norrby, Dennis Burton, John Mekalanos. 1996. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 10 Skyline Drive, Plainview, NY 11803-2500. 364p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-87969-479-3, ISSN 0899-4056. $100.00. (Descriptors: Vaccines, Infectious Diseases) (160 contributors)

Vaccines96 contains the papers presented at the 13th meeting on the Molecular Approaches to the Control of Infectious Disease held on September 13-17, 1995. The purpose of this meeting was to discuss new approaches to the control of infectious diseases. "The papers on HIV showed how difficult it will be to provide a vaccine against AIDS, even without taking into account the problem of antigenic variation. However, progress has been made in identifying roles for antibody and T-cell responses in protection." The 53 papers are groups under 9 sections: "Immunity and Viruses," "DNA Immunization 1," "DNA Immunization 2," "Bacterial Vaccines," "Recombinant Antibodies," "Mucosal Immunity and Delivery Systems," "Simian Immunodeficiency Virus," "Parasite Vaccines," and "Human Immunodeficiency Virus."

The last section on HIV contains 9 papers: "HIV-1-Specific Immune Responses in Asymptomatic Long-term Nonprogressing Infection," "Natural Altered Peptide Ligands in HIV Infection," "Molecular Grafting of Polyvalent V3 Epitopes of HIV Envelope Protein into the Immunoglobulin Hypervariable Regions and Induction of V3-specific Immune Response," "Potent Neutralization of a Macrophage-tropic HIV-1 Isolate by Antibodies against the V1/V2 Domain of HIV-1 gp 120," "Passive Administration of the Anti-HIV-1 gp41-specific Human Monoclonal Antibody 2F5 Delays, But Does Not Prevent, a Primary HIV-1 Isolate from Establishing an Infection in Chimpanzees," "Long-Lasting Systemic and Mucosal Humoral Immune Responses against the HIV-1 gp41-specific Epitope ELDKWA Induced Chimeric Influenza Virus," "A Plant Virus-HIV-1 Chimera Stimulates Antibody that Neutralizes HIV-1," "Expanded Diversity of Compounds of Medicinal Interest by Chemical Transformation of Natural Products: Potential for AIDS Prophylaxis and Effect on Proliferative Responses of Lymphocytes," and "Plasma Factors in Human Blood Alter the Entry Properties of HIV-1: Implications for gp 120-based Vaccine Approaches."

A recommended book for all researchers who are working with infectious diseases. A must book for all medical libraries.

666. HIV Infection: A Clinical Approach, second edition edited by Mary M. Fanning. 1997. W.B. Saunders Co., Curtis Center, Independence Square W., Philadelphia, PA 19106-3399. 360p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7216-2792-7. $27.50. (Descriptors: HIV Infections, Handbooks) (Contributors: Ian Barton, Ahmed Bayoumi, Philip Berger, Charles K.N. Chan, Brian Cornelson, Dale Dotten, Dianna Drascic, Mary Fanning, Joyce Fenuta, Benjamin K. Fisher, Michelle Foisy, Richard Fralick, Dafna Gladman, Mark H. Halman, Helen Harrison, Gavril Hercz, Mary Anne Huggins, Gabor Kandel, George J. Kasupski, Susan M. King, Ronald MacDonald, Carol J. Major, Maggie Jane Marchand, Krystyna Ostrowska, R. Scott Rowand, Jane Sanders, Carol Sawka, Susan Shurtleff, Dalla Slonim, Peter Thompson , Alice Tseng, Ken Uffen, Georgina Veldhorst, Sharon Walmsley, Peter A. Williams, Tong Yeung)

The purpose of this handbook, first published in 1994, is to provide simple and practical guidelines for the evaluation and treatments of HIV infection and its complications. It is intended for any care giver who is treating HIV positive individuals. After a brief introduction to HIV there are 10 chapters that treat various topics in more detail: "An Approach to Patients with HIV," "HIV Primary Care Evaluation and Management," "Women and HIV," "Heroin, Crack Cocaine, and HIV Infection," "Pediatric HIV," "The Role of Nursing in HIV/AIDS Care," "System- and Problem-Oriented Evaluation," "Psychiatric and Psychosocial Issues," "Palliative Care and Pain Management," and "The Organization and Integration of Services for Individuals with HIV."

The information is given in easy to follow brief prose with numerous charts to outline various therapies and other information. Of particular note is that this guide can be understood by the layperson, thus making it an excellent source of information for the HIV patient who may not understand what is happening or why he or she is taking this drug or that drug. A word of caution, however, if an individual tends to panic when they become ill and imagines all manners of complications because of HIV, this may not be the best book to read. It does not tell you what is common and uncommon but, rather, it gives the facts about all of the complications. It is pocket size so that the caregiver can keep it handy in a jacket.

There are 4 very useful appendices: "Adverse Effects of HIV Drugs: Incidence and Management," "Drug Desensitization Protocols," "Drug--Drug Interactions," and "Drug--Food Interactions." This is a recommended book for all health care providers. It would be a very useful reference source for any medical library.

667. AIDS and the Body Politic: Biomedicine and Sexual Difference, by Catherine Waldby. 1996. Routledge, 29 West 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 169p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-415-14129-X, 0-415-14130-3pbk. $65.00, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Biomedicine, Immunology, Epidemiology, Social Aspects)

This interesting book discusses the biomedical philosophy that the heterosexual male is the norm when looking at disease with women and gay men being the individuals who are open to the disease and the individuals who transmit disease on to other individuals, including the heterosexual male. Waldby points out that fighting AIDS is not about fighting the disease but rather the carriers of the disease. There was, in the beginning of the AIDS crisis, much education aimed at gays, then at drug addicts, then at minorities, and now at women. There is still no concerted effort to focus the education on the virile straight male who is the one who is just as at risk as the other individuals are. Once the virile straight male becomes HIV positive, he is placed into another category. This book discusses all of these conflicts that are going on between the social aspects of AIDS and the medical aspects. "The stakes in the AIDS epidemic are high, involving issues of sexual identity and practice, of illness and mortality, and for these reasons the struggles over management of the disease expose interests that might otherwise remain implicit and tacit."

The six chapters cover: "Introduction: Total War," "The Biomedical Imagination and the Anatomical Body: AIDS and the Nature/Culture Distinction," "The Primal Scene of Immunology," "Epidemiology and the Body Politic," "Technologies of the Body Politic: The HIV Antibody Test," and "Conclusion: Sexual Identity and Contamination." This is not a book that you can quickly read and understand what the author is trying to tell you. It has to be read slowly, rereading and analyzing what the author has said. Once the reader has understood what is being said, it will be evident that gay men have taken a bad rap in this epidemic and that bad rap is quickly spreading to the female. A recommended book for all academic libraries.

668. Prisons and AIDS: A Public Health Challenge, by Ronald L. Braithwaite, Theodore M. Hammett, Robert M. Mayberry. 1996. Jossey-Bass Inc., 350 Sansome St., San Francisco, CA 94104. 247p., bibliog., index. (Jossey-Bass Health Series) ISBN 0-7879-0308-6. $33.95. (Descriptors: Prisoners, Health and Hygiene)

Treating prisoners with AIDS and educating prisoners about AIDS are two extremely difficult things to bring about without recognizing that prisoners do have sex while in prison and when they are released will continue to have an active sexual life. Although prison authorities will deny that they do not condone sex in prisons and the sharing of needles, it does happen, and with dire consequences. In 1994 the CDC reported that there were 5,279 prisoners with AIDS, 5.2 cases per every 1,000 inmates. Compare that against the rest of the American population eighteen years old and older and you find that the rate is 0.9 cases per 1,000. It is evident that prisoners need to be targeted with AIDS education since they are at high risk in prison and will become high risk partners when they are released. "This book is intended to meet the need for a readily accessible resource on selected topics pertinent to engaging social offenders in the design and execution of HIV/AIDS education and prevention programs." It, also, places special emphasis on ethnic minorities. This is a book for individuals who are involved in public health, health education, epidemiology, psychology, criminology, sociology, public administration, medical sociology, anthropology, criminal justice, correctional rehabilitation, community health, nursing, allied health, human service, social policy, and social welfare.

The 10 chapters cover: "Inmates, HIV, and AIDS," "AIDS and Ethnic Minority Inmates," "An Analysis of Current Educational and Prevention Efforts," "Prevention and Juvenile Offenders," "Policy Response to a Public Health Opportunity," "A Report from the Frontline: Four Case Studies," "Prison Personnel," "Legal and Legislative Issues," "Worldwide Policies and Practices," and "The Public Health Challenge." There is a great deal of useful information in this book that should be understood by all of those in criminal justice and correctional rehabilitation. There are many barriers to the education of prisoners, especially when it comes to talking about safer sex. Although the use of condoms is one way to have safer sex, prison officials are reluctant to distribute them because that would mean they sanction prisoners having sex with each other. It sounds familiar to what the religious leaders say about condoms and sex.

At the end of the book is a fairly comprehensive list of education and prevention resources and an extensive bibliography. A recommended book for all medical and academic libraries as well as state correctional institutions.

669. Clinical Guide to AIDS and HIV, edited by Gary P. Wormser. 1996. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 227 E. Washington Square, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3780. 432p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7817-0304-2. $79.00. (Descriptors: Handbooks, Overview, Social Aspects, Medical Aspects) (Contributors: Donald I. Abrams, Kathryn Anastos, John G. Bartlett, William Breitbart, Richard E. Chaisson, Risa Denenberg, D. Peter Drotman, Emily J. Erbelding, Joel E. Gallant, Parkash S. Gill, Samuel Grubman, Harold W. Horowitz, Barbara S. Koppel, Donald P. Dotler, Alexandra M. Levine, Arlene J. Lowenstein, William J. Martone, James Oleske, Robert T. Schooley, Laurie Solomon, Richard L. Sowell, Troy Spicer, Jerome I. Tokars, Anil Tulpele, John W. Ward, Gary P. Wormser)

"The purpose of this book is to assist the health care practitioner in providing the necessary primary care for HIV-infected patients. This care involves science, art, and a tremendous amount of compassion." To this end, the book does any excellent job. It is well written and organized with the information presented for quick consultation. There are many guides available by many different individuals. That is good, because there needs to be a constant flow of information to the health care provider. Each book presents something new and reviews what has gone before.

The 14 chapters cover: "The Epidemiology of HIV and AIDS," "Care of the Adult Patient with HIV Infection," "Clinical Management of HIV-Infected Women," "HIV Infection in Infants, Children, and Adolescents," "Pulmonary Complications in HIV Infection," "Neurologic Complications of AIDS and HIV Infection," "The Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Systems in HIV Infection," "Neoplast Complications of HIV Infection," "Infection Control Considerations in HIV Infection," "Antiretroviral Chemotherapy," "Pharmacology of Drugs Used in the Care of HIV-Infected Patients," "Pharmacotherapy of Pain in AIDS," "Alternative Therapies," and "Nursing Perspectives in the Care of Patients with HIV Infection." Each chapter discusses the topic and ends with a summary and references. The chapter on the pharmacology of drugs that are used is fairly complete as of the time that the book went to press. Obviously, many of the newer protease inhibitors are not included but it does give an excellent overview of all of the drugs that are listed.

This is one of the better guides for health care providers. It is recommended along with any newer drug books that describe the newer therapies, especially the cocktail therapies. Recommended for all medical libraries. It could serve as a reference source for public and academic libraries.

670. No Germs Allowed!: How to Avoid Infectious Diseases at Home and on the Road, by Winkler G. Weinberg. 1996. Rutgers University Press, PO Box 5062, New Brunswick, NJ 08903-5062. 285p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8135-2280-3, 0-8135-2281-1pbk. $49.00, $16.95pbk. (Descriptors: Travel and Health Aspects, Communicable Disease, Prevention)

We are constantly exposed to infectious diseases--at home, at work, on the way to work, and on vacation. We cannot expect to escape all of them, but we can make it difficult to become infected if some common sense is applied to what we do. Probably the most serious infections are acquired while on vacation, because our guard is down. We tend to take more risks and do not realize that even a change in water will make us more susceptible to becoming infected. Weinberg has put together an interesting book with some good advice that will help you stay healthy while on vacation. That does not mean you will never get sick on vacation if you read this book, but it will make you more conscious of what you should and should not do.

The first chapter covers infections that you encounter in every day living--common cold, strep throat, urinary tract infections, and infections of the skin. The second chapter covers those infections that you can get from the environment--lyme disease and other tickborne infections, food poisoning, health hazards of travel, pneumonia, and Legionnaires' disease. In the third chapter are infections you get from others--tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, hepatitis, and HIV/AIDS. Finally, in the last chapter, advice is given to those persons with unique risks--special persons and special situations, how to avoid infections if you have HIV, if you are pregnant, and in the hospital.

Some good safer sex advice is given in the chapters for STDs and HIV infection. Condoms are high on the list for those individuals who engage in sexual intercourse without knowing who their partner is or has been with. This is a no nonsense book full of excellent advice. It is highly recommended for anyone--male or female; gay or straight. Heeding the advice that is given in this book may help you get through a vacation without incident. A recommended book for all libraries.

671. AIDS, Drugs and Prevention: Perspectives on Individual and Community Action, edited by Tim Rhodes, Richard Hartnoll. 1996. Routledge, 29 West 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 240p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-415-10203-0, 0-415-10204-9pbk. $65.00, $18.95pbk. (Descriptors: Drugs, Prevention, Social Aspects, Community Action) (Contributors: Marina Barnard, Robert Broadhead, Richard Curtis, Don C. Des Jarlais, Martin C. Donoghoe, Samuel R. Friedman, Jean-Paul C. Grund, Graham Hart, Richard Hartnoll, Douglas D. Heckathorn, Dagmar Hedrich, Sheila Henderson, Benny Jose, Stephen Koester, Neil McKeganey, Alan Neaigus, Cindy Patton, Robert Power, Alan Quirk, Tim Rhodes, Bruce Stepherson, L. Synn Stern, Gerry V. Stimson, Meryl Sufian, John K. Watters, Wayne Wiebel)

This book provides an good overview of the research, theory and practice of developing community-based HIV prevention. It draws upon research that has been conducted with drug users, sex workers, and gay men. The emphasis of the book is on community action, shifting from the individualistic notions of health and illness. The 14 chapters cover: "Individual and community action in HIV prevention," "Health promotion and the facilitation of individual change: the case of syringe distribution and exchange," "Americans and syringe exchange," "AIDS prevention and drug policy," "E types and dance divas," "Gay community oriented approaches to safer sex," "Prostitution and peer education," "Save sex/save lives: evolving modes of activism," "The process of drug injection," "Promoting risk management among drug injectors," "Heroin, risk and sexual safety," "Ethnographic contributions to AIDS intervention strategies," "Peer-driven outreach to combat HIV among IDUs," and "Collective organisation of injecting: drug users and the struggle against AIDS."

This is a good overview of the problems that researchers, communities, and politicians face in dealing with drugs and AIDS. It is a well documented fact that clean needles help to spread the HIV virus. Unfortunately there is opposition to giving drug users clean needles because it looks as if that is an encouragement to continue using drugs. Thus, it becomes a serious political and ethical problem with continued spread of the virus if this simple action of clean needles is not accepted. An excellent book for researchers and a recommended book for medical and academic libraries.

672. Like People in History, by Felice Picano. 1995. Viking/Penguin Group, 375 Hudson St., New York, NY 10014. 512p. ISBN 0-670-86047-6. $23.95. (Descriptors: Gay History)

Picano provides the reader with a gay American epic novel that is filled with tragedy, comedy, sex, and romance. It will make you laugh at time and then tears will come to your eyes. It is a story of two boys who met at age nine, went their own ways, and crossed each other's path, with each discovering his own gay identity. They both become friends with someone who they both love. It covers life in the gay world from Fire Island to San Francisco to Viet Nam, ending with Greenwich Village and the Upper East Side during the present-day AIDS war. "Never before has there been a gay novel of such size, scope, and vision--a joy to those who lived through those times, and a revelation to those who didn't." A highly recommended book for all gays and for those who have a difficult time understanding the lives of gays. It should be in all public and academic libraries.

673. HIV/AIDS Overview, 4th edition edited by Joan Schulman. 1995. Health Studies Institute, PO Box 163200, Miami, FL 33116-3200. 75p., bibliog., index. $20.00. (Descriptors: History, Legal Aspects, Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention and Control) (Contributors: Johanna Albrecht, Cynthia G. Carmichael)

This is a self-instruction course which provides all of the basic information about HIV and AIDS. It is intended for anyone. All though the information is brief, it contains a great amount of facts about the virus, presented in such a way that anyone using the guide would be able to remember what was presented. If one finishes the course, the following topics will have been masters: legal rights of HIV-infected and AIDS patients, how HIV is transmitted, the virus which causes AIDS, effects of HIV on the immune system, symptoms, treatment and counseling, universal sanitation, disinfection, and methods of prevention. A recommended book for everyone and on that should be in all libraries.

674. Broken Dreams: Journal of a Life Shattered by AIDS, by Keith A. Wall, Karen Scalf Linamen. 1995. New Hope, PO Box 12065, Birmingham, AL 35202-2065. ISBN 1-56309-161-5. $10.95. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Moral Aspects, Religious Aspects, Church and Social Problems, Biography)

"This is a true story based on the journals of one young man who lived a harrowing journey from darkness to light, from loneliness to love, from secrecy to sharing." It is about Scott Cameron who kept a journal from the time he was HIV positive until his death. This book stresses the religious aspects of life and for some it may not be the book to read, especially if you are anti-religion. However, it is moving story and one that makes you stop and think. It will certainly give you some insight on how to cope with this virus. Recommended for all libraries.

675. To a Patient Named Nick: A Different Kind of Story of a Nurse and an AIDS Patient, by Eva Lou Altarejos-Espinosa. 1995. Carelife Publishing, PO Box 4196, West Hills, CA 91308-4196. 147p. ISBN 0-9648529-0-X. $14.95. (Descriptors: Caregiving)

A book for anyone who thinks that their religious beliefs prevent them from helping those who are HIV positive. There is far too much hatred toward those with AIDS from the very religious right and those who think AIDS is a damnation from God. The "God Hates Fags" Reverend Phelps should read this book again and again. This is a quick-read book about a nurse who takes care of an AIDS patient, how she gets to know him and help him in his final days. You will have a tear in your eye as you read this beautifully written book. Recommended for all libraries.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated: 05/12/97
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/