A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L No. 39

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 39-October, 1997


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738. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.9, no.4, August, 1997.
739. Medical Alert, v.4, no.2, May/June, 1997.
740. POZ, August, September, October, 1997.
741. AIDS: Answers to Questions Kids Ask, by Barbara Christie-Dever.
742. AIDS: What Teens Need to Know, by Barbara Christie-Dever.
743. Women in the Time of AIDS: Women, Health and the Challenge of HIV, by Gillian Paterson.
744. Caring for the HIV/AIDS Caregiver, edited by Vicent J. Lynch, Paul A. Wilson.
745. Carnitine Today, by Claudio DeSimone, Giuseppe Famularo.
746. AIDS and the Law, 3rd edition, edited by David W. Webber.
747. Dictionary of Nutrition and Dietetics, by Karen Eich Drummond.
748. Preventing Heterosexism and Homophobia, edited by Esther D. Rothblum, Lynne A. Bond.
749. AIDS Trauma and Support Group Therapy: Mutual Aid, Empowerment, Connection, by Martha A. Gabriel.
750. In Memoriam: A Practical Guide to Planning a Memorial Service, by Amanda Bennett, Terence B. Foley.
751. Medical Management of AIDS in Women, edited by Deborah Cotton, D. Heather Watts.
752. Positive: HIV Affirmative Counseling, by Craig D. Kain.
753. Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type I, edited by Per Hollsberg, David A. Hafler.
754. AIDS and the Lung, edited by Stephen J. G. Semple, Robert F. Miller.
755. AIDS, Drugs of Abuse, and the Neuroimmune Axis, edited by Herman Friedman, Toby K. Eisenstein, John Madden, Burt M. Sharp.

738.AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.9, no.4, August, 1997, edited by Francisco S. Sy. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. Published six times per year. ISSN 0899-9546. $135.00 institutions, $40.00individuals. (Descriptors: Education, Prevention, Evaluation, Public Policy)

This journal serves "as a forum devoted to the publication of original contributions that highlight existing and theoretical models of AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation. It also covers various public health, psychosocial, ethical, and public policy issues related to AIDS education and prevention."

This issues contains the following articles: "Lack of Positive Outcomes from a Cognitive-Behavioral HIV and AIDS Prevention Intervention for Inner-City Men: Lessons from a Controlled Pilot Study" by Seth C. Kalichman, David Rompa, Brenda Coley; "Unprotected Sex and HIV Risk Taking Among Young Gay Men Within Boyfriend Relationships" by Robert B. Hays, Susan M. Kegeles, Thomas J. Coates; "Evaluation of a Video-Supplement to Informed Consent: Injection Drug Users and Preventive HIV Vaccine Efficacy Trials" by Ian Fureman, Kathleen Meyers, A. Thomas McLellan, David Metzger, George Woody; "Gender Differences and Other Factors Associated with HIV Testing in a National Sample of Active Drug Injectors" by W. Rees Davis, Sherry Deren, Mark Beardsley, John Wenston, Stephanie Tortu; "Magic Johnson and Children's Conceptions of AIDS" by David Quadagno, Isaac W. Eberstein, Kim Foster, Jeralynn E. Sittig, David F. Sly, Janet Kistner; "Perception of Risk and Sexual Self-Protective Behavior: A Methodological Critique" by Paul J. Poppen, Carol A. Reisen; and "HIV and AIDS Attitudes in Syleti Bengali Community of Chapeltown in Leeds" by Vibhore Prasad, Hermione Price, Arthur Pratt, Bryony Pointon.

This publication continues to be a highly recommended journal for all libraries, especially medical and academic.

739. Medical Alert, v.4, no.2, May/June, 1997. Edited by Jillian M. Mackin. National Association of People with AIDS, 1413 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-3442. Bimonthly. free. (Descriptors: Medications, Drugs)

This is an educational newsletter that is published by the National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA), providing current information about new drug therapies for PWAs and HIV positive individuals. This issue contains the article, "Viracept Approved: Agouron's First HIV Drug Shows Promise" by Ernest Hopkins. Although, this is a small newsletter, it does contain some vitally important information and should be considered for any library.

740. POZ, August, September, October, 1997. Edited by Sean O'Brien Strub. POZ, 349 W 12th St., New York, NY 10014. Monthly. ISSN 1075-5705. $24.95. free to HIV positive individuals. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Drug Therapies)

This is a newsy publication that provides a wide variety of information about individuals who are in the news, new drug therapies, controversies, and profiles. The publication is supported, in part, by advertisements of approved drugs for HIV positive individuals. Feature articles in the August issue are: "Cyndi Potete's Fire and Rain" by Nancy Edmonds-Hanson; "Down and Out, in Nashville" by Mubarak Dahir; "Ethics on Trial" by Stuart Timmons; "Costume Drama: Early Work from the Late Howard Crabtree" by Dick Scanlan; and "Out Out Damned Spot" by Scott Williams. Profiles cover Hoss Burns, Robert Kingham, and Jesse and Jane Combs.

Feature articles in the September issue are: "Not Working is a Full-Time Job: POZ Tracks Mom with HIV Susan Rodriguez through One Week of Social Services" by Jesse Heiwa Loving; "Back to the Future: Do Protease-Based Recoveries Threaten PWAs' Disability Benefits?" by Mubarak Dahir; "Beyond Male Condoms" by Anna Forbes; and "Examined Lives: A Photographer Takes an Unblinking Look Inside the Lives of HIV Positive Women" by River Huston, photos by Mary Berridge. Profiles cover Joyce Dorsey, Kenneth Eppich, Spree, and Steven Sharp. Feature articles in the October issue are: "She's Come a Long Way from Baby: Hydeia L. Broadbent" by Steve Friess, photos by Craig Moran; "Last Laughs: Death be not Proud and Disease be not Pretty, but The Diseased Pariah News giggles all the way to the Graveyard" by Greg Lugliani; "Sex It Up: How to Treat and Defeat Impotence" by Bill Strubbe; "Your Doc? POZ Readers Tell Why" by Mark J. Husman; and "Portrait of the Artist as..." Stephen Andrews' 'Fingerprints' touch something special" by Stephen Greco. Profiles cover Barry Huff, Vimal Jairath, Louise Binder, Mark Hamilton.

A highly recommended journal for all libraries.

741. AIDS: Answers to Questions Kids Ask, by Barbara Christie-Dever, illustrated by Marcy Ramsey. 1996. Learning Works, Inc., PO Box 6187, Santa Barbara, CA 93160. 64p., illus. ISBN 0-88160-286-8. $7.95. (Descriptors: Popular Works, Juvenile)

"AIDS: Answers to Questions Kids Ask was written specifically for middle school students." It provides the basic facts about HIV, explains how the virus is transmitted, and gives information about HIV testing and treatment. It stresses prevention and encourages abstinence. Condoms are discussed as the best protection against HIV for older, sexually active people. There are 32 questions that are commonly asked, covering such topics as cause of AIDS, how AIDS is spread, symptoms, cures, injuries and AIDS, IV drugs, sex and drugs, and testing. Following each of the main sections is a profile of someone who has been infected with the virus or died of AIDS: Ryan White, Arthur Ashe, Magic Johnson, Greg Louganis, and Elizabeth Glaser. Three extended activities are discussed to help the students more fully understand what AIDS is and how it could affect them: research, writing, and art; drama and role-play; and peer discussion and debate.

Additional sources of information are provided so that the instructor can provide more extended discussions of HIV, including a list of books and videos that would be appropriate for the students to read and view. An excellent brief glossary is included. This is an excellent book for students, grades 6-8, and should be in all school libraries as well as public libraries.

742. AIDS: What Teens Need to Know, by Barbara Christie-Dever, illustrated by Marcy Ramsey. 1996. Learning Works, Inc., PO Box 6187, Santa Barbara, CA 93160. 80p., illus. ISBN 0-88160-233-7. $9.95. (Descriptors: Popular Works, Adolescents)

This is a companion book to AIDS: Answers to Questions Kids Ask. It is written for teens, providing facts about AIDS, treatment, prevention, and testing. Abstinence and staying drug-free are stressed. However, the authors know how vulnerable teens are and point out that teens need to know their personal limits on sexual behavior. They are encouraged to talk about abstinence as well as safer sex, using condoms, cleaning dirty needles, and getting the HIV antibody test. It is definitely a frank and realistic book that recognizes the need to talk about sex in terms that the teens can understand, definitely a plus, but, unfortunately controversial for some parents. There are 53 questions that cover such topics as facts about AIDS, transmission of the HIV virus, disease progression, prevention, counseling and testing, treatment and hope, personal glimpses, and social issues. As with the book for middle school students, this book provides some extended activities: research and opinion; art and music, drama, creative writing; peer discussion, debate, role play; and community service.

Printed and video resources are provides as well as the excellent glossary. It is refreshing to find a book that is open-minded, providing information on all aspects of AIDS and prevention as well as giving information that is understandable by all teens of all races and all sexual identities. This is a highly recommended book for teens to read and should be in school libraries as well as public libraries.

743. Women in the Time of AIDS: Women, Health and the Challenge of HIV, by Gillian Paterson. 1996. Orbis Books, PO Box 308, Maryknoll, NY 10545-0308. 112p., bibliog. ISBN 1-57075-106-4. $14.00. (Descriptors: Women, Health, Social Aspects)

Originally published as Love in a Time of AIDS, published by the World Council of Churches, this book is the result of the research and experience of a group that met in early September, 1995 to reflect on the findings of research supported by CMC--Churches' Action for Health, of the World Council of Churches. The focus of the research was on women and health and the challenge of HIV/AIDS. It was hoped that these discussions could have been held at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, August-September, 1995, but that did not happen. Instead, a workshop was held at the Christian Medical College, Vellore, South India from September 1 to September 7, 1995. The group was composed of 30 people from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Antigua, Uganda, Cambodia, India, Philippines, Thailand, Australia, United States, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Great Britain, and Ireland.

This group developed a platform of actions that calls for churches to engage in self-critical examination, to create an environment where women can be heard, to recommend the re-evaluation of the way the Bible is interpreted, to acknowledge openly the sexual dimension of human experience, and to place these principles into action as soon as possible so that the quality, well-being, and health can be preserved. The ultimate goal is to abolish all misinformation about AIDS throughout the world so that everyone becomes concerned. There is still the misconception that AIDS is a gay or drug users disease. The book is frank in its discussions of taboos, hypocrisy of the church, oppression, and the ways cultures devalue women. This is a powerful book that will be very controversial among many church leaders. Unfortunately, we cannot keep our head in the sand and say AIDS will not affect anyone who is not gay or a drug users. A highly recommended book for all libraries.

744. Caring for the HIV/AIDS Caregiver, edited by Vincent J. Lynch, Paul A. Wilson. 1996. Auburn House, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 164p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-86569-239-4. $55.00. (Descriptors: Patients, Care, Caregivers) (Contributors: Caryn Berman, Stephan L. Buckingham, James Cassese, Larry M. Gant, Ruth Rachael Gillman, Harvey L. Gochros, Christian B. Hart, Helen Land, Richard D. Levin, Vincent J. Lynch, Carol Reese, Gayle Crandell Sherman, Paul A. Wilson)

The idea for this book came from the Fifth Annual Conference on Social Work and HIV/AIDS that was held in San Francisco in June, 1993. The central theme of the conference was "Issues of Caregiving for the HIV/AIDS Caregiver." HIV/AIDS caregivers have carried heavy burdens but, also, have seen some great rewards. Their work is highly stressful with only the strong able to continue for any long period of time without burnout. This is not a treatise on HIV/AIDS and the caregiver but rather a discussion of the major issues that affect the caregivers.

The nine chapters cover: "The Social and Psychololgical Contexts of HIV/AIDS Caregiving," "The Stresses of Professional and Volunteer AIDS Caregivers," "Women Care Providers in HIV: A Strengths Perspective," "HIV/AIDS Caregivers in African-American Communities," "Gay Men as Caregivers," "Disclosure of HIV Serostatus in the Treatment Setting," "The Search for Meaning: Spiritual Issues for HIV Caregivers," "The Grieving Caregiver," and "HIV/AIDS Caregiving: Reliance on the Traditional and Creation of New Modes of Caring." These are all very interesting chapters that provide the reader with a wide range of facts and views concerning the caregiver. The caregivers in the African-American communities have a difficult time where any outside help has to be "legitimized" by the church. On the other hand the gay men "have risen to the occasion and provided the necessary care, structure, funds, energy, and heart necessary to meet the challenges posed by the AIDS crisis."

This is an important book for all social workers to read and re-read. It provides a look at those valiant individuals who face losing their patients on a daily basis. "It is hoped that this book can be of use to those actively involved in the day-to-day care of persons living with HIV/AIDS and that it can be viewed as one small, but useful, effort to care for the caregiver." Highly recommended for all medical and university libraries.

745. Carnitine Today, edited by Claudio DeSimone, Giuseppe Famularo. 1997. Chapman & Hall, 115 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003. 263p., illus., bibliog., index. (Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit) ISBN 1-57059-440-6. $89.95. (Descriptors: Carnitine, Physiological Effect, Metabolism, Carnitine Deficiency, Therapeutic Use) (Contributors: Edoardo Alesse, Adriano Angelucci, Roberta Barbato, Antonio Boschini, Jon Bremer, Michael A. Chirigos, Grazia Cifone, Fabio Di Lisa, Luisa Di Marzio, Dwayne Ford, Chris Galanos, Linda L. Gallo, W. C. Hulsmann, Gumilla B. Jacobson, Teruo Kitani, Nicola M. Kouttab, Hirohiko Kuratsune, Bengt Langstrom, Marta E. Leon-Monzon, Gary D. Lpaschuk, Takashi Machii, Sonia Marcellini, Franco Matricardi, Kiyoshi Matsumura, Roberta Menabo, Sonia Moretti, Madiraju S. R. Murthy, Paola Muzi, Ichiro Nakamoto, Eleonora Nucera, Hirotaka Onoe, Shri V. Pande, Paola Roncaioli, Barbara Ruggeri, Gino Santini, Cristina Semino-Mora, Noris Siliprandi, Maria Teresa Tacconi, Mamoru Takahashi, Vito Trinchieri, Italo Trotta, Sven Valind, Yasuyoshi Watanabe, Kouzi Yamaguti, Francesca Zazzeroni)

Carnitine was isolated from muscle in 1905 and shown to be a type of vitamin in 1952. Since then it has been studied more intensely. Carnitine, an amino acid made from methionine and lysine, "acts as a key factor in the transport of long-chain fatty acids across mitochondrial membranes into the matrix where they undergo beta-oxidation and energy production." In the ongoing research that has been conducted it has been found that deranged carnitine metabolism resulting in low cellular levels contributes to the pathogenesis of many human diseases, including AIDS, septic shock, and chronic fatigue syndrome. The book is highly technical providing the most recent advances of basic studies investigating the metabolic role of carnitine and highlighting the impact of recent progress in basic studies of carnitine on clinical medicine. Chapter eleven discusses "L-Carnitine, a Modulator of Immunometabolic Homeostasis in Subjects Infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus." The concluding remarks of this chapter indicate that HIV infected individuals may posses a carnitine deficiency syndrome, especially those receiving treatment with nucleoside analogs. Clinical trials are ongoing involving L-carnitine therapy and are proving to be encouraging.

Laboratory results are showing that carnitine has the ability "to interfere with Fas-induced apoptosis in human T cell lines." This means that there is the possibility for designing therapeutic strategies that are "directed at reducing apoptosis and viral replication in subjects infected with HIV." This is not a general book for the general reader but rather a serious research monograph for those doing advanced research in therapies for combating the HIV virus. It is highly recommended for all medical libraries.

746. AIDS and the Law, 3rd edition, edited by David W. Webber. 1997. John Wiley & Sons, 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158-0012. 624p., bibliog., index. (Civil Rights Library). ISBN 0-471-13542-9. $150.00. (Descriptors: Law and Legislation, United States) (Contributors: Ignatius Bau, Karen L. Black, Linda D. Headley, Elizabeth T. Hey, J. Michael Howe, Peter C. Jensen, Irwin E. Keller, David L. McColgin, Julie Shapiro, Jean R. Sternlight, Mark E. Wojcik)

A lot has happened since the first edition of this book was published in 1991. "We have learned that this disease does not discriminate on the basis of religion, race, education, sexual preference, or income." There are over 29 million people worldwide that are infected with 3.1 million new cases added in 1996. This is THE book for health care and social service professionals, community-based organizations, schools, businesses, and the public in general as well as the legal community. It covers those issues that have created many problems with the individuals who are HIV positive or have AIDS--housing, education, business, immigration, and rights of privacy. "This book also serves as a reminder that the law and its institutions need to respond humanely and in a fair, positive, and affirmative way to the needs of individuals with HIV who are now among those most marginalized by our society, namely, minorities, women, and children."

David W. Webber is a Philadelphia lawyer who specializes in AIDS/HIV and other infectious disease legal issues and is the founder of the AIDS Law Project of Pennsylvania. He has brought together an outstanding group of contributors who have covered HIV/AIDS from every angle. After the introductory chapter, "An Introduction to the Medical Aspects of HIV Disease," each of the remaining chapters covers a specific area of concern: "HIV and Public Health Law," "HIV/AIDS in the Workplace," "Access to Public Services and Accommodations," "Schools and Educational Programs," "AIDS and Housing," "Criminal Law," "Negligence and Intentional Torts," "Public Benefits for Persons with HIV," "Global Aspects of AIDS," and "Immigration Law." Within these chapters will be found such topics as mandatory testing and disclosure, regulation of medicinal marijuana, syringe exchange programs, ADA, educational implications of HIV disease in children, fair housing act, violations of safe sex orders, fraud and deceit, disability, and immigration status and eligibility for public benefits.

Of particular importance to researchers is Appendix A which is a state-by-state summary of state statutes that address HIV reporting; standards governing HIV testing and confidentiality; quarantine; criminal transmission; insurance; and employment. Another appendix provides "Recommendations for preventing transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus to patients during exposure-prone invasive procedures." Finally there are three tables: Table of Cases; United States Code Citations; and Code of Federal Regulations. This is by far the best book published on AIDS and the law. It has become the Bible for the legal profession and a place for anyone to consult when confronted with HIV/AIDS issues that affect their well-being. This is a highly recommended book for all public, medical, legal, and academic libraries. The publisher indicates that the book is updated on a periodic basis with supplements to reflect important changes. The current update is furnished at no additional charge.

747. Dictionary of Nutrition and Dietetics, by Karen Eich Drummond. 1996. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003. 391p. ISBN 0-442-02225-5. $41.95. (Descriptors: Nutrition, Dietetics)

Nutrition is the key to maintaining a healthy life, to making medical therapies respond, and to providing a means for medications to work on the body in the most efficient way possible. This dictionary provides terms from a wide variety of sources, including nutrition, lifespan nutrition, medical nutrition therapy, human anatomy and physiology, nutritional biochemistry, medical diagnosis and treatment, management of clinical dietetics, research, communications, community nutrition, and nutrition education. The definitions approach the brief encyclopedic definition so that the reader can fully understand what is being defined. Charts, illustrations, and tables add to the usefulness of the dictionary. Beginning with "abbreviations, medical chart" to "zymogens" this is an extremely useful dictionary for the layperson. The definitions are as non-technical as possible with words in boldface that are defined elsewhere. The 4 appendices cover: "Where to Get Nutrition Information," "Recommended Dietary Allowances," "Professional Associations," and "Nutrition Labels on Foods: Questions and Answers." A highly recommended book for school and public libraries but also a useful reference source for medical and academic libraries.

748. Preventing Heterosexism and Homophobia, edited by Esther D. Rothblum, Lynne A. Bond. 1996. Sage Publication, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. 282p., bibliog., index. (Primary Prevention of Psychopathology, v.17). ISBN 0-7619-0022-5, 0-7619-0023-3pbk. $55.00, $24.95pbk. (Descriptors: Heterosexism, Homophobia, Social Conditions) (Contributors: Lynda J. Ames, Lynne A. Bond, Laura S. Brown, Connie S. Chan, Jeanine C. Cogan, Anthony R. D'Augelli, Oliva M. Espin, Beverly Greene, Celia Kitzinger, Joy A. Livingston, Charlotte J. Patterson, Rachel E. Perkins, Suzanna Rose, Michael W. Ross, Esther D. Rothblum, Paula C. Rust)

This book is partly a result of the 17th Vermont Conference on the Primary Prevention of Psychopathology (VCPPP) that was convened in June, 1995. The book focuses on both heterosexism, which is discrimination based on sexual orientation, and homophobia, which is discrimination by its association with a fear or phobia. Discrimination in any form is damaging but when it is aimed at sexual orientation, it becomes more damaging. Too many people still do not understand gays and lesbians. In one of the chapters it is stated: "fear, ignorance, and hate have contributed to society's understanding and misunderstanding of gay men and gay male sexuality." It goes on to state: "heterosexism has also contributed to the erroneous assumption that lesbians are at high risk for AIDS and at the same time created virtual invisibility for lesbians who do have HIV/AIDS."

The 14 chapters cover: "Speaking of Oppression: Psychology, Politics, and the Language of Power," "Combating Heterosexism in Educational Institutions: Structural Changes and Strategies," "Preventing Heterosexism and Bias in Psychotherapy and Counseling," "Lesbians and Gay Men of Color: The Legacy of Ethnosexual Mythologies in Heterosexism," "Rejecting Therapy: Using Our Communities," "Finding a Sexual Identity and Community: Therapeutic Implications and Cultural Assumptions in Scientific Models of Coming Out," "Enhancing the Development of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths," "Lesbian and Gay Love Scripts," "Immigrant and Refugee Lesbians," "Contributions of Lesbian and Gay Parents and Their Children to the Prevention of Heterosexism," "Societal Reaction and Homosexuality: Culture, Acculturation, Life Events, and Social Supports as Mediators of Response to Homonegative Attitudes," "The Prevention of Anti-Lesbian/Gay Hate Crimes Through Social Change and Empowerment," "Homo-Phobia, Homo-Ignorance, Homo-Hate: Heterosexism and AIDS," and "Individual Action and Political Strategies: Creating a Future Free of Heterosexism."

This is an important book for everyone to read, especially those who may be labeled heterosexists or homophobes. There is a wealth of information gleaned from many sources brought together in a way that is easy to read and comprehend. For those who think heterosexism and homophobia are grown way out of proportion, it should be pointed out that funding for this conference in Vermont was very, very difficult because private and public factors are still not ready to deal with these problems and probably feel that they will eventually go away. A highly recommended book for all libraries, including school libraries where homophobia can be very volatile.

749. AIDS Trauma and Support Group Therapy: Mutual Aid, Empowerment, Connection, by Martha A. Gabriel. 1996. Free Press/Simon & Schuster, 1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 214p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-684-82786-7. $29.95. (Descriptors: Patients, Counseling, Group Counseling)

"This book was written to provide group practitioners and those interested in group practice with people with AIDS some understanding of the special considerations, difficulties, and challenges encountered in facilitating support groups for people traumatized by AIDS." Each of the five topics begins with a through review of the current AIDS-related literature that is pertinent to that topic. The topics discussed are: "AIDS Trauma and Support Group Theory," "Definition, Planning, Populations, and Structure for Support Groups with PWAs," "Special Issues and Considerations in Support Groups with PWAs," "Countertransference Reactions in Facilitators of PWA Support Groups," and "Secondary Traumatic Stress Reactions in AIDS Group Practitioners." The chapter on special issues touches on five very important issues that support groups face every day: confidentiality, dementia, TB, rational suicide, and multiple deaths. Of these five issues, the most troublesome and least studied is the effect of multiple deaths and massive bereavement on group processes. "What happens to an individual's or group's capacity to mourn when the mourning involves whole families, communities, and support networks, and when the mourners are themselves confronting the prospect of untimely illness and death?"

This is a highly recommended book for all social workers who are supervising support groups. It gives some excellent insight and advice that can be extremely beneficial in coping with any number of issues. A 27-page list of references adds to the usefulness of the book. A book that should be in all academic and medical libraries as well as in social service agency collections.

750. In Memoriam: A Practical Guide to Planning a Memorial Service, by Amanda Bennett, Terence B. Foley. 1997. Fireside/Simon & Schuster, Rockefeller Center, 1230 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 207p., index. ISBN 0-684-81902-3. $12.00. (Descriptors: Memorial Service)

Planning a memorial service is a task that can cause a great deal of apprehension. A funeral focuses on the passage of an individual from this world to the next, while a memorial service focuses on a remembrance of that person's life. "A memorial service is seen not as a dirge for a life that has passed but as a commemoration of a life well lived." "The purpose of this book is to lay out in a simple, matter-of-fact way everything you need to know to create the best memorial service possible for your loved one or to guide you in leaving instructions for your own." The book provides simple to formal memorial services that can be religious, secular, or creative. Numerous examples are given including memorable eulogies, poetry, short readings, biblical selections and music recommendations. An appendix gives an excellent account of basic funeral planning which is necessary when anyone passes away. A recommended book for individuals who need some guiding in how to do a memorial service or to spell out what they would like done for themselves. Public libraries should have several copies available for their patrons.

751. Medical Management of AIDS in Women, edited by Deborah Cotton, D. Heather Watts. 1997. Wiley-Liss, Inc., 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158-0012. 466p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-471-07674-0. $99.95. (Descriptors: Women, Therapy, Women's Health) (Contributors: Nancy J. Alexander, Nesli Basgoz, Constance A. Benson, Ruth L. Berkelman, Elizabeth M. Bosler, Jill Brubaker, Connie Celum, Susan Y. Chu, Rebecca Clark, Deborah J. Cotton, Catherine F. Decker, Mark B. Feinberg, Gerald Friedland, Howard M. Heller, Jody Heymann, Jane Hitti, Anthony J. Japour, Patricia C. Kloser, John S. Lambert, Alexandra M. Levine, Benjamin J. Luft, Mitchell Maiman, Peter Mariuz, Henry Masur, M. Juliana McElrath, Theresa M. McGovern, Michael R. Pins, William G. Powderly, Gisela Schecter, Beverly E. Sha, Rhoda Sperling, Christopher P. Stowell, Pamela Stratton, Jun Teruya, Sten H. Vermund, D. Heather Watts, Ann B. Williams, Pascale M. Wortley)

In 1994, nearly 20% of the diagnosed cases of AIDS were women with that percentage rising each year. Unfortunately for women, the early clinical trials of drug therapy were carried out on men and intravenous drug users. Clinical trials that involve women, however, are now becoming an important part of all drug research. More has to be done in order to adequately treat those women who are HIV positive so that they can live a normal life, bear children, and prevent transmission of the virus to others. "Publication of this timely book provides researchers, educators, and policymakers--as well as women who have been infected or affected by HIV--with essential information about the issues surrounding this insidious disease." The contributors to this book are all highly experienced and were chosen for their passion about their work. It is hoped "that this book will serve not only to convey what is known about AIDS in women, but to spur a new generation of clinicians, researchers, and patients to push the envelope of that knowledge even further."

The first section--"Epidemiology, Transmission, and Pathophysiology"--provides some important background information about the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in women, the heterosexual spread of HIV infection, perinatal transmission of HIV, breast feeding and HIV infection, the virologic aspects of HIV infection, and the pathophysiology and immunology of HIV in Women. The second section--"Natural History of HIV in Women"--is more clinical in its coverage of how women become infected. Section three--"Management of HIV Infection in Women"--is the major part of the book with 16 chapters devoted to the topic. Included are discussion on testing, primary care, care of HIV positive pregnant women, antiviral therapy, STDs, cervical neoplasia, mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection, Mycobacterium avium complex disease, Pneumocystis carinii, toxoplasmosis, systemic fungal infections, CMV disease, enteric protozoan infections, AIDS-related lymphoma, and legal issues. The chapter on legal issues covers "the medical eligibility requirements for the national Social Security Administration's (SSA) disability program, methods of arranging for the future care of children, and legal issues affecting access to clinical trials." The last section--"Prevention of HIV Infection in Women"--contains two chapters: "Preventive and Therapeutic HIV-1 Vaccines" and "Management of Addictive Disease." This last chapter is devoted to drug addiction.

This is a highly technical book but still readable by those with a limited medical background. There is a wealth of information about women and AIDS, intended for the clinicians and researchers, but still useful to those who are infected or those who just want to be informed. This is a highly recommended book for all libraries.

752. Positive: HIV Affirmative Counseling, by Craig D. Kain. 1996. American Counseling Association, 5999 Stevenson Ave., Alexandria, VA 22304. 270p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-55620-147-8. $27.95. (Descriptors: Patients, Counseling)

This unique book brings together both experiential and scientific data concerning HIV counseling, providing a new approach that can help those who are working with HIV positive individuals. This book is about counseling people in the 1990s who are living with the HIV virus. Kain maintains that we have to understand the HIV positive individual, that is "We must not make their experience into what we want it to be, into what we think it should be, or into what we need it to be. Instead we must handle their experience of being positive with great respect and with great compassion." In other words we must practice "HIV affirmative counseling." This method of counseling is "atheoretical; developmental; sensitive to issues of sexual and affectional orientation as well as of gender, culture, class, and age; and contextual." HIV affirmative counseling focuses on quality of life, not quantity and on healing, not the cure. It is, also, about being therapeutic, not acting therapeutic.

There are 24 short chapters that cover a wide range of topics. Each is discussed in positive terms even though the topic may be as disturbing as hospitalization, loss, or multiple loss and the search for meaning. Part 1 covers: "Deciding to Get Tested," "Receiving Positive Results," "Adjusting to Being Positive," and "Telling Others." The second part is considered "Status Quo" and covers: "Continuing Love Relationships," "HIV Positive and Dating," "Sex and Sexuality," "Planning for the Future," "Preventive Treatment," "Living Healthier," "The Workplace," "Fortifying the Spirit," and "The HIV Emotional Roller Coaster." Part three is considered the transition stage and covers: "Receiving and AIDS Diagnosis," "Hospitalization," "Loss," "Neurobehavioral Impairment," "Depending on Others for Care," "Rational Suicide," "Hospice and Home Care," and "Letting Go." The last part is positive renewal: "Surviving," "Multiple Loss and the Search for Meaning," and "Continuing to Care."

There is a positive approach to counseling HIV positive individuals. It is a must book for all counselors and a recommended book for all academic and medical libraries.

753. Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type I, edited by Per Hollsberg, David A. Hafler. 1996. John Wiley & Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158-0012. 325p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-471-96676-2. $89.95. (Descriptors: T-Lymphocytes, HTLV-I, Physiology, HTLV-I Infections) (Contributors: Kimiyoshi Arimura, John N. Brady, Christine V. F. Carrington, Michael Coulthart, Gregory Dekaban, Genoveffa Franchini, Robert C. Gallo, Antoine Gessain, William W. Hall, Walid Heneine, Itsuro Higuchi, Shiniji Ijichi, Shuji Izumo, Steven Jacobson, Igor J. Koralnik, Renu B. Lal, Masao Matsuoka, Masanori Nakagawa, Kusuki Nishioka, Mitsuhir Osame, Lee Ratner, Thomas F. Schulz, Kiyoshi Takatsuki, Michael M. Thomson, Fujio Umehara, Kazunari Yamaguchi)

This is "a reference book aimed at providing a comprehensive text and reference list in areas outside the reader's expertise." Each chapter can be read independently. HTLV-I has served as model virus for investigating virally induced T-cell transformation in humans. A great deal of data has been collected over the years with most of the material written for the researcher and not the clinician. After an introduction by Robert C. Gallo and Michael M. Thomson, there are 12 very concise chapters covering: "Natural History of HTLVs/STLVs," "Epidemiology of HTLV-I and Associated Diseases," "Structure of HTLV-I," "Biology of HTLV-I: Host Cell Interactions," "Virology of HTLV-I Infection," "Role of Cellular Immune Responses in the Pathogenesis of HTLV-I-associated Neurologic Disease," "Testing of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Types I and II," "HTLV-I-associated Myelopathy (HAM/TSP)," "Adult T-cell Leukemia," "HTLV-I in Arthropathy and Sjogren's Syndrome," "HTLV-II: Epidemiology, Biology and Clinical Features of Infection," and "Animal Models of HTLV-I Infection."

This is an excellent reference source that should be on the shelves of all medical libraries. It would also be an appropriate book for large public libraries.

754. AIDS and the Lung, edited by Stephen J. G. Semple, Robert F. Miller. 1997. Blackwell Science, 350 Main St., Malden, MA 02148-5018. 1997. 243p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-632-03623-0. $99.95. (Descriptors: Respiratory Infections, Complications, Lung Diseases) (Contributors: R. P. Brettle, R. J. Coker, R. Dinwiddie, M. A. Johnson, R. R. Miller, D. M. Mitchell, V. Novelli, A. L. Pozniak, N. M. Price, S. J. G. Semple)

"This book is designed to cover a broad outline of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and treatment of infection with HIV-1 with special reference to the lung." Great strides have been made in treating respiratory disorders that are associated with AIDS but it still remains the most common complication encountered. This is a book for the clinician, providing some background information and insight on how AIDS affects the lung. The eleven chapters cover: "Epidemiology of HIV infection and AIDS," "Pathogenesis of Infection with HIV," "Acute Bacterial and Viral Pulmonary Infections in HIV-1 Infection," "Pneumocystis carinii Infection," "Pulmonary Kaposi's Sarcoma," "Hodgkin's Lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Carcinoma of the Bronchus," "Pulmonary Complications of Drug Use," "Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV Infection," "Non-neoplastic Lymphoproliferative Disorders of the Lung," "Pulmonary Complications of HIV/AIDS in Children," and "Fungal Infections of the Lung in HIV-infected People."

This is a well documented book with numerous references at the end of each chapter. The outline format of the chapters makes it easy to focus in on specific topics without having to read the entire chapter. A highly recommended book for all medical libraries and a useful book for those healthcare providers who work with AIDS patients on a daily basis.

755. AIDS, Drugs of Abuse, and the Neuroimmune Axis, edited by Herman Friedman, Toby K. Eisenstein, John Madden, Burt M. Sharp. 1996. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013. 234p., illus., bibliog., index. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, v.402). ISBN 0-306-45375-4. $79.50. (Descriptors: Etiology, Neuroimmunology, Drug Abuse, Immunological Aspects, Drugs of Abuse, Immunosuppression, Neuroimmunomodulation, Complications, Street Drugs) (141 contributors)

The use of drugs throughout the world has resulted in much concern for the consequences of this activity. Drugs of abuse are widely used by all age groups of the population. "Over the last few decades various studies have shown that drugs of abuse, including marijuana, cocaine, and opiates, as well as alcohol, can alter both neurophysiological as well as pathological responses of individuals. Recently illicit drugs have also been shown to alter immune functions, both in vivo and in vitro." Studies on how illicit drugs affect the immune system has become more urgent in the 1980s and 1990s because of AIDS. It is increasingly evident that illicit drugs are co-factors in becoming HIV positive. This book provides more evidence of this co-factor assumption. The 141 contributors have written 29 research papers that were presented at the Third Annual Symposium on AIDS, Drugs of Abuse and the Neuroimmune Axis held in San Diego, California, November 11-13, 1995.

"There are now very strong concerns that if drugs of abuse are indeed immunosuppressive, individuals who use such drugs may be prone to infectious diseases and develop increased mortality to such infections." It has been shown that many illicit drugs, including marijuana, morphine, and cocaine, as well as alcohol, have a detrimental influence on the immune response. The editors hope that these papers will provide a better understanding "of the interactions in the brain-immune axis in regards to altered susceptibility to infectious agents, including the AIDS virus...especially in regards to the effects of drugs of abuse on their responses." This is a highly technical book but one that should be in all medical libraries. Illicit drugs are concern at every level of life, resulting in social, legal, and medical problems that are growing at a fast rate.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated:11/17/97
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/