AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL No. 46

AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 46-June, 1998


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845. Complete Bedside Companion: No-Nonsense Advice on Caring for the Seriously Ill, by Rodger McFarlane, Philip Bashe.
846. Hospice Choice: In Pursuit of a Peaceful Death, by Marcia Lattanzi-Licht, John J. Mahoney, Galen W. Miller.
847. AIDS: Science and Society, 2nd edition by Hung Fan, Ross F. Conner, Luis P. Villarreal.
848. Spread of AIDS, edited by Daniel A. Leone.
849. Science, Spread, and Therapy of HIV Disease: Everything You Need to Know, but Had No Idea Who to Ask, by Michael A. DiSpezio.
850. AIDS: Opposing Viewpoints, edited by Tamara L. Roleff, Charles P. Cozic.
851. Lessons from the Damned: Queers, Whores, and Junkies Respond to AIDS, by Nancy E. Stoller.
852. Eating Positive: A Nutrition Guide and Recipe Book for People with HIV/AIDS, by Jeffrey T. Huber, Kris Riddlesperger.
853. Women and AIDS: Negotiating Safer Practices, Care, and Representation, edited by Nancy L. Roth, Linda K. Fuller.
854. Cardiology in AIDS, edited by Steven E. Lipshultz.
855. Antioxidants and Disease Prevention, edited by Harinder S. Garewal.
856. Medical Aspects of Proteases and Protease Inhibitors, edited by N. Katunuma, H. Kido, H. Fritz, J. Travis.
857. Retroviruses, edited by John M. Coffin, Stephen H. Hughes, Harold E. Varmus.
858. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.10, no.2, April, 1998; v.10, no3, June, 1998; v.10, Supplement A, June 1998.

845. Complete Bedside Companion: No-Nonsense Advice on Caring for the Seriously Ill, by Rodger McFarlane, Philip Bashe. 1998. Simon & Schuster, Rockefeller Center, 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 544p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-684-80143-4. $27.00. (Descriptors: Home Nursing; Caregivers; Critically Ill; Home Care; Terminal Care)

This extremely comprehensive handbook "traces the sequence of events common to a life-threatening illness and examines the innumerable concerns and crises that arise along the way." Caring for the seriously ill has not been a concern for several years. High technology, new drugs, and caregiving organizations have taken this burden off of the loved ones of those whose life is being threatened. In the early part of the century, families knew what had to be done and took care of the sick in their homes. They made do with what they had, rearranged rooms and furniture, and tried to make life as comfortable as possible for those who were seriously sick. With the AIDS epidemic, taking care of the seriously ill at home has made a come back because no one wanted to deal with an individual who had such a misunderstood malady. A large majority of these individuals did not have the ways and means to be able to afford any other kind of care except what could be given by the loved ones around them. This remarkable book is for those people who are faced with taking care of someone they love. These individuals become advocates for the sick person. "the term advocate sounds more daunting than it really is. Simply, an advocate is the person who looks out for the patient's best interests and sees to it that his or her needs are met."

Part one, "Caring for the Sick," provides useful information that will be of initial importance to anyone faced with caring for someone seriously ill. The 11 chapters cover: "The Hospital and the Medical Team: Who's Who and What's What," "Dealing with the Doctors," "The Everyday Angel's Cram Course in Essential Nursing Skills, 101," "Matters of the Heart," "Mustering the Troops," "The Caregiver as Consumer Activist," "Care for the Caregivers," "Paying the Bills," "Preparing for the Worst," "Journey's End," and "Aftermath." The second part, "The Everyday's Angel's Cram Course in Adult Medicine," covers 9 illness that affect a large number of people: cancer, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular stroke or traumatic brain injury, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, diabetes, AIDS/HIV, liver disease, kidney disease, and progressive neurological disease. Each chapter describes the disease, provides symptoms, treatment regimens, complications, what can be done, and much more, ending with recommended readings.

The three appendices are useful resources: "Recommended Resources," "Miscellaneous Resources," and "For Referrals to Home Health Care, Hospice Care, Long-Term Care, Adult Day Care, Respite Care, and Rehabilitation Facilities." This is one of the best books available on caring for the seriously ill and should be available to anyone who has the responsibility of doing the caring. It is a highly recommended book for all public, academic, and medical libraries.

846. Hospice Choice: In Pursuit of a Peaceful Death, by Marcia Lattanzi-Licht, John J. Mahoney, Galen W. Miller. 1998. Fireside/Simon & Schuster, Rockefeller Center, 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 287p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-684-82269-5. $12.00. (Descriptors: Hospice Care)

Watching a loved one slowly slip away is one of the most sad tasks that anyone has to face. Some people do not have to face the slow death when individuals are killed suddenly or die suddenly. There are, however, thousands of individuals who live a defeating life. In the previous book , Complete Bedside Companion, guidance was given to those who wanted take care of their seriously ill family themselves. Hospice care is that additional support that is given to those who are coping with the seriously ill. "It is never easy to enter the world of someone who is dying. And that is precisely what hospice care is about: entering the home and lives of a family where a loved one is living out the last portion of life." This book is a collection of "experiences of families facing the death of a loved one." In addition to relating these experiences there are three chapters that are for those who are aiding the family: "Hospice Care: An Informed Choice," "What It Means to Be a Hospice Volunteer," and "I'm a Hospice Nurse: The Costs and Rewards of Working with Hospice."

This is a very well written book and one that any individual who is caring for a loved one would want to have available to read. Dying is not something we like to think about, but it is something that eventually takes over. Books like this are needed to soothe the individuals doing the caring. Highly recommended for all public libraries.

847. AIDS: Science and Society, 2nd edition by Hung Fan, Ross F. Conner, Luis P. Villarreal. 1998. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 40 Tall Pine Drive, Sudbury, MA 01776. 275p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7637-0415-6. $37.50. (Descriptors: Social Aspects)

"Portions of this book first appeared in The Biology of AIDS, 3rd ed., by Hung Fan, Ross F. Conner, and Luis P. Villareal, 1994 by Jones and Bartlett Publishers." The first edition of AIDS: Science and Society included the consideration of social issues related to HIV and AIDS: "personal risk assessment, HIV prevention, and the human and societal dimensions of living with HIV and AIDS." This new edition provides new sections in several of the biomedical chapters, new discussion on living with AIDS, and provides the latest statistics on AIDS that were available as this book went to press. The book is used in a one-quarter course, "AIDS Fundamentals," taught at the University of California, Irvine.

The 11 chapters cover: "Introduction: An Overview of AIDS," "Concepts of Infectious Disease and a History of Epidemics," "The Immune System," "Virology and Human Immunodeficiency Virus," "Clinical Manifestations of AIDS," "Epidemiology and AIDS," "Modes of HIV Transmission and Personal Risk Factors," "Individual Assessments of HIV Risk," "Prevention of AIDS," "Living with AIDS: Human and Societal Dimensions," and "Future Directions in Combating AIDS." As a textbook this is an excellent choice. It is to the point without a lot of wordage. It presents the facts and provides the student an excellent overview of AIDS. In the final part of the last chapter the authors indicate that "time is on our side" in combating this disease. A lot of progress has been made and the treatments that are now available are prolonging life so that we can concentrate on living a productive life rather than always looking the grim reaper in the face everyday. A highly recommended book for all libraries from school to academic.

848. Spread of AIDS, edited by Daniel A. Leone. 1997. Greenhaven Press, PO Box 289009, San Diego, CA 92198-9009. 96p., bibliog., index. (At Issue: An Opposing Viewpoints Series) ISBN 1-56510-538-9, 1-56510-537-0pbk. $18.75, $12.95pbk. (Descriptors: Prevention; Social Issues; Medical Issues)

"Preventing the spread of AIDS is one of the most formidable and important challenges humanity has ever faced. Opinions among health care professionals, laypersons, religious leaders, and gay rights activists on how to deal with this problem vary greatly, ranging from mandatory AIDS testing to sexual abstinence to the implementation of programs to make high-risk behavior safer." This book explores all of these issues and other proposed strategies for responding to the control and prevention of AIDS. There are 16 short essays, some controversial, included in this small book.

These 16 chapters cover: "A Global Strategy Is Needed to Control the Spread of AIDS," "AIDS Prevention and Treatment Strategies Should Target the Third World," "AIDS Treatments Will Not Be Accessible to Third World AIDS Victims," "Governments Should Combat the Spread of AIDS," "Government Efforts to Control the Spread of AIDS are Ineffective," "HIV-Positive Homosexuals Should be More Sexually Responsible," "Society and the HIV-Positive Should Share the Responsibility for AIDS Prevention," "Routine Testing is Needed to Control the Spread of AIDS," "Mandatory Testing of Infants Will Not Control the Spread of AIDS," "AIDS Prevention Programs Should Utilize Traditional Disease Control Methods," "AIDS Prevention Programs Should Target Women," "Society Should Continue to Stress AIDS Prevention," "Condom Distribution in Schools Will Control the Spread of AIDS," "Condom Distribution in Schools Will Not Control the Spread of AIDS," "Needle-Exchange Programs Will Control the Spread of AIDS," and "Needle-Exchange Programs Will Not Control the Spread of AIDS."

A recommended book for all libraries, including school libraries.

849. Science, Spread, and Therapy of HIV Disease: Everything You Need to Know, But Had No Idea Who to Ask, by Michael A. DiSpezio. 1998. ATL Press, Inc., Science Publishers, PO Box 4563 T Station, Shrewsbury, MA 01545. 142p., illus., bibliog., index. (Science Fundamentals, v.1) ISBN 1-882360-20-6, 1-882360-19-2pbk. $26.95, $19.95. (Descriptors: Juvenile Literature; Miscellanea; Disease; Questions and Answers)

Education is still one of the best defenses in combatting AIDS. Even though some of what is produced is not seen by a great number of teenagers because of political, religious, and moral opposition, we need to continue to try to reach everyone from school children to adults. There can be no let down in pressing for more and more AIDS education at all levels. The new therapies are helping to slow down the progression but that does not mean the battle is won. DiSpezio has produced an excellent small book that should answer a large number of questions about HIV and AIDS. It is intended for teenagers and young people but is very appropriate for adults who are still confused about the disease.

The book is in a question and answer format. Part one covers the early outbreak years of the disease, looking at hemophiliacs, IV drug abusers, Haitians, transfusions, needle sticks, perinatal infection, and sexual transfer. The second part is basic biology, with the third part covering viruses. Part four delves into HIV transmission and part five is HIV disease. Part six looks into monitoring HIV disease and the last part covers combating the infection.

This is an excellent book with clear, understandable answers to all of the questions. It is highly recommended for all libraries.

850. AIDS: Opposing Viewpoints, edited by Tamara L. Roleff, Charles P. Cozic, Scott Barbour, Brenda Stalcup, Bruno Leone. 1998. 203p., bibliog., index. (Opposing Viewpoints Series) ISBN 1-56510-666-0. $16.20. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Political Aspects; Moral Aspects)

AIDS is a controversial topic, providing political and religious leaders the opportunity to press their own beliefs to the front, whether they are accurate or not. This book is meant to be a challenge for those who consult it. The contributors have put their own views in writing, providing the reader thoughts that may not have been considered in the past. This is an excellent way to look into all facets of the topic with an open mind. The first chapter, "How Serious Is the AIDS Epidemic," looks at combination drug treatments and the spread of AIDS among heterosexuals. Chapter two, "What Policies Should Be Adopted for HIV Testing?," covers such topics as routine HIV testing, home HIV testing, testing of health care workers, and partner notification. Chapter three, "How Can the Spread of AIDS Be Prevented?," looks at condom use, prevention programs for teens, needle exchange programs, and educational programs. The last chapter, "How Can AIDS Be Treated?," discusses drug combinations, marijuana use, and alternative treatments.

This is a good book that provides viewpoints on both sides of many issues. Recommended for all academic and large public libraries.

851. Lessons from the Damned: Queers, Whores, and Junkies Respond to AIDS, by Nancy E. Stoller. 1998. Routledge, 29 W. 35th St., New York, NY 10001. 175p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-415-91960-6, 0-415-91961-4pbk. $19.99, $17.95pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Political Aspects; Minorities; Health and Hygiene; Social Action; Social Movements)

"This book records a special aspect of the history of the AIDS epidemic: the way that poor people, people of color, gay men and lesbians, drug users, and women have built a social movement to oppose AIDS' devastating impact." It speaks specifically how racism, sexism, and class have limited and energized the work of community organizations. Stoller collected the data for this book over a ten-year period, 1982-1992. "In some cases, the notes are the official minutes of a meeting; in other cases they are more sociological, recorded after a day of observation, work, meetings, or demonstrations." She, also, interviewed and taped speeches of people who espoused the philosophies of the organizations studied. Her findings are not meant to criticize the organizations, but rather to be open-minded in how they operated, worked with their members, and competed for funds from ever dwindling government allocations.

The seven chapters cover: "Women's Histories of AIDS," "Going Mainstream: The San Francisco AIDS Foundation," "Becoming Visible: Asian Americans," "When Sex Workers Run AIDS Organizations," "Pushing the Point: Anarchism, Genocide, and Needle Exchange," "Foucault in the Streets: New York City Act(s) Up," and "Lessons from the Damned." The most important lesson to be learned from the way organizations have functioned is that at the outset of the movement for change, issues of race, class, and gender must be addressed in order for any change to be successful. There is friction at all levels in the gay and lesbian community: white vs black, male vs female, drug users vs non-drug users, we vs they, etc. It is a constant battle to make sure that these controversies do not destroy the purpose of the organization. Progress has been made, but much more has to be done. "Out of death and difficulty, we can also find the promise of change and the possibility of developing new ways of living together." This is a highly recommended book for all academic libraries.

852. Eating Positive: A Nutrition Guide and Recipe Book for People with HIV/AIDS, by Jeffrey T. Huber, Kris Riddlesperger. 1998. Haworth Press, Inc., 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 109p., index. ISBN 0-7890-0103-9, 1-56023-893-3pbk. $29.95, $14.95pbk. (Descriptors: Diet Therapy; Recipes; Nutrition)

With the increased number of drug therapies available to those who are HIV positive or have AIDS, it is very important that diet and nutrition be a priority consideration in day to day living. It is all to easy to slack off and not eat properly when taking up to 24 pills a day, some causing uncomfortable stomach problems or sores in the mouth. This book is a guide for cooking for HIV positive individuals. It is intended to be a reference manual, a beginning book, not a comprehensive nutritional handbook that speaks to all situations. The recipes are not complicated and provide all of the nutrient values per serving. Huber and Riddlesperger have done a great job in arranging the recipes according to the kind of diet: clear liquid, full liquid, fiber-restricted, bananas-rice-applesauce-tea (B.R.A.T. Diet), lactose-free, high-fiber, bland, and high-protein/high-calorie. A glossary is provided as well as an index by food groups and recipe types. This is an excellent book that is highly recommended for personal use of all HIV positive individuals. It is highly recommended for all medical and public libraries.

853. Women and AIDS: Negotiating Safer Practices, Care, and Representation, edited by Nancy L. Roth, Linda K. Fuller. 1998. Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 330p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-7890-6014-0, 1-56023-882-8pbk. $39.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Prevention; Women; Health and Hygiene; Negotiation; Safe Sex in AIDS Prevention)

AIDS education and research as it affects women leaves much to be desired. Activists are beginning to be successful in the efforts to alert the world that AIDS as it affects women is a major concern at this time. "The essays in this collection explore women's negotiation of safer sex and intravenous drug use practices; women's negotiation of the health care system as patients, medical research subjects, and caregivers; and women's negotiation of HIV-related media representations as producers, consumers, and objects of representation." Each chapter covers a different aspect: Part 1--"Negotiating Safer Practices"--"Reconsidering the HIV/AIDS Prevention Needs of Latino Women in the United States," "Understanding Safer Sex Negotiation in a Group of Low-Income African-American Women," "HIV-Related Communication and Power in Women Injecting Drug Users," "Safer Sex Negotiation in Cross-Cultural Romantic Dyads: An Extension of Ting-Toomey's Face Negotiation Theory," and "Navigating the Freedoms of College Life: Students Talk About Alcohol, Gender, and Sex." Part 2--"Negotiating Care"--covers "Communicating an HIV-Positive Diagnosis," "Affirming the Role of Women as Carers: The Social Construction of AIDS Through the Eyes of Mother, Friend, and Nurse," and "Enacting Care: Successful Recruitment, Retention, and Compliance of Women in HIV/AIDS Medical Research." Part 3--"Negotiating Representation"--covers "Women and the AIDS Memorial Quilt," "Redressing Sanuk: Asian AIDS and the Practices of Women's Resistance," "The Desire to Direct Differently: Women Producer/Directors of AIDS Films," and "Sentimentality, Race, and Boys on the Side."

This is one of the first books that discusses women and their communication and awareness from every angle, making negotiation a critical part of their lives. No longer should they take things for granite and just follow along and do what men say they should do. The religious group that just recently met and reaffirmed the statement that men are the head of the household should read this book and try to understand why it is important for women to take charge of their lives. A highly recommended book for all libraries.

854. Cardiology in AIDS, edited by Steven E. Lipshultz. 1998. Chapman & Hall, 115 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10003. 513p., illus. (part in color), bibliog., index. ISBN 0-412-08861-4. $59.95. (Descriptors: Cardiovascular System Diseases; Complications; HIV Infection Complications; Etiology; Virology)

This book was "written to inform the cardiology community about HIV cardiovascular-related complications and to provide primary care providers and infectious and immunologic colleagues with information about the cardiologic aspects of HIV infection." This is the first book to address the cardiac complications that may arise from HIV and AIDS. Myocarditis and cardiomyopathy are the most common cardiac diseases associated with HIV infection but there are other diseases that appear to be the result of HIV infection. The first part of the book is an overview with papers covering: "HIV Infection and AIDS," "Global Overview of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic," "Prospective Studies of HIV-Associated Heart Disease in Adults in the United States," "Prospective Adult Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality Studies: The World," and "Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Pediatric HIV Infection." The second part delves into specific clinical syndromes: "Fetal Cardiovascular Changes," "Congenital Cardiovascular Malformations," "Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in HIV Disease," "Left Ventricular Dysfunction in HIV-Infected Infants and Children," "Autonomic Abnormalities and Arrhythmias," "Pulmonary Disease and Therapy in HIV Infection," "Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients Infected with HIV," "Pericardial Disease in HIV Infection," "Vascular Disease in HIV Infection," and "Exercise Performance in HIV Infection."

The third part covers pathogenesis: "Pathologic Changes in the Hearts of Patients with AIDSl" "Cardiac Cancers ]n HIV-Infected Patients," "Molecular Mechanisms of HIV Cardiovascular Disease," "Immunopathogenesis of Cardiovascular Complications of HIV Infection," "Simian Immunodeficiency Virus-Associated Cardiomyopathy in Nonhuman Primates," "Malnutrition and Cardiovascular Disease in Patients Infected with HIV," "Mitochondrial Toxicity of Antiviral Nucleosides Used in AIDS," "Cardiovascular Complications of Pharmacothera0peutic Agents (excluding the Antiretrovirals) in HIV-Infected Patients," and "Cardiovascular Monitoring of HIV-Infected Patients." Diagnosis and Management is covered in the fourth part: "Cardiac Therapeutics in HIV-Infected Patients," "Diagnosis and Course of Other Viral Heart Disease in Patients with HIV Infection," "Nursing, Quality of Life, and Social Issues in HIV-Infected Patients," and "Infection Control Considerations in the care of HIV-Infected Patients with Cardiac Disease." The concluding section has two papers: "The Global Burden of Acquired Pediatric Cardiovascular Disease" and "Mending a Broken Heart: A Mother's Perspective."

Although the major part of the book is highly technical there is a good deal of general information that would be of interest to any physician or health care provider. This is a recommended book for all medical libraries.

855. Antioxidants and Disease Prevention, edited by Harinder S. Garewal. 1997. CRC Press 2000 Corporate Blvd. NW, Boca Raton, FL 33431. 186p., bibliog., index. (Modern Nutrition) ISBN 0-8493-8509-1. $99.95. (Descriptors: Antioxidants; Therapeutic Uses; Preventive Medicine; Free Radicals; Pathophysiology; Adverse Effects)

No one will argue against good nutrition when it comes to fighting a disease, whether it is the common cold or HIV infection. Proper diet is extremely important in health maintenance; unfortunately, there is no "super-preventive" diet. "For decades now, it has been appreciated that oxidative pathways can lead to tissue damage and contribute to disease causation. Fortunately, nature has provided us with mechanisms to defend against such injury. The so-called antioxidant nutritional agents have consequently attracted major attention and rightfully deserve to be studied carefully for possible beneficial roles." The term antioxidant as a nutritional agent has been applied to many nutrients, most notably beta-carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium. The goal of this book is to provide an up-to-date review of antioxidants. After an introduction there are papers covering: "The Safety of Beta-Carotene and the Antioxidant Vitamins C and E," "Antioxidants and Immune Function," "Antioxidants and AIDS," "Antioxidants and Cancer: The Epidemiologic Evidence," "Antioxidant Nutrients and Lung Cancer," "Antioxidant Nutrients and Oral Cavity Cancer," "Selenium and Cancer Prevention," "Antioxidants and LDL Oxidation," "Antioxidants and Coronary Artery Disease Prevention," "Nutritional Antioxidants and Prevention of Age-Related Eye Disease."

The research into antioxidants is still at an early stage of development, but future studies will likely resolve which of these substances can be used effectively in treating many diseases, including HIV infection. This is a recommended book for all medical libraries.

856. Medical Aspects of Proteases and Protease Inhibitors, edited by N. Katunuma, H. Kido, H. Fritz, J. Travis. 1997. IOS Press, PO Box 10558, Burke, VA 22009-0558. 205p., illus., bibliog., index. (Biomedical and Health Research, v.15). ISBN 90-5199-292-0. $106.00. (Descriptors: Proteases; Protease Inhibitors)

The papers in this book were presented at an International Symposium on Medical Aspects of Proteases and Protease Inhibitors, 1997. These highly technical research papers provide the latest research that is being conducted on proteases and protease inhibitors. Many of the papers are brief such as the one that discusses proteases for AIDS therapy which is only five pages. Nevertheless, all of this research is important in the ongoing struggle to combat various diseases that have been difficult to manage. The majority of the papers are authored by Japanese scientists. This is a recommended book for all medical libraries.

857. Retroviruses, edited by John M. Coffin, Stephen H. Hughes, Harold E. Varmus. 1997. Cold Spring Harbo Laboratory Press, 10 Skyline Drive, Plainview, NY 11803. 843p., illus. (part in color), bibliog., index. ISBN 0-87969-497-1. $180.00 (Descriptors: Retrovirus Infections; Retroviruses)

Twenty-two contributors have produced a research reference source on retroviruses that is daunting in its size and comprehensiveness. Some 15 years ago, the publisher produced a book on the molecular biology of tumor viruses which could be called the forerunner of this book. "The historical importance of retroviruses in the discovery of cancer genes is now widely appreciated, but many of the recent spectacular revelations about the molecular basis of cancer have occurred in other venues--such as human genetics, cell signaling, and developmental biology--rather than virology. Instead, the central goals of retrovirology today are the treatment and the prevention of AIDS and the use of retroviruses as gene delivery devices."

The book is divided into two parts. The first part deals primarily with viral structure, function, and replication: "Historical Introduction to the General Properties of Retroviruses," "Retroviral Virions and Genomes," "Viral Entry and Receptors," "Reverse Transcriptase and the Generation of Retroviral DNA," "Integration," "Synthesis and Processing of Viral RNA," and "Synthesis, Assembly, and Processing of Viral Proteins." The second part deals with the interplay between the virus and host, focusing primarily on the effects of the virus on the host: "Retrotransposons, Endogenous Retroviruses, and the Evolution of Retroelements," "Development and Applications of Retroviral Vectors," "Retroviral Pathogenesis," "Pathogenesis of HIV and SIV," and "Immunological and Pharmacological Approaches to the Control of Retroviral Infections."

Two appendices provide detailed discussions on "Retroviral Sequences" and "Retroviral Taxonomy, Protein Structures, Sequences, and Genetic Maps." All of the these papers are highly referenced, providing the reader a wealth of resources to consult. "Although it is not possible to understand any aspect of retroviruses, or the retroviral life cycle, in isology, the chapters are intended to be sufficiently complete to be read independently in any order." Referrals are made from one chapter to another when important associated material is provided. This is a highly recommended book for all medical libraries.

858. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v.10, no. 2, 3, supplement A, April, June, 1998. Guilford Publications, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. ISSN 0899-9546. $150.00 per year institutions; $40.00 per year individuals. (Descriptors: Education; Prevention)

This journal continues to provide excellent articles covering AIDS education and prevention, including their development, implementation, and evaluation.

Volume 10, number 2, April, 1998: "Female Condom Acceptability Among Sex Workers in Costa Rica," by Johnny Madrigal, Jacobo Schifter, Paul J. Feldblum; "Barriers and Pathways to Testing among HIV-Infected Women," by Karolynn Siegel, Victoria H. Raveis, Eileen Gorey; "The Health for Life Project: Sexual Risk Behavior Outcomes," by D. Paul Moberg, Douglas L. Piper; "Predictors of AIDS-Preventive Behavioral Intentions among Adult Heterosexuals at Risk for HIV-Infection: Extending Current Models and Measures," by Bram P. Buunk, Arnold B. Bakker, Frans W. Siero, Regina J. J. M. van den Eijnden, Marco C. Yzer; "Development of the AIDS Health Belief Scale (AHBS)," by Matthew J. Zagumny, D. Brian Brady; and "Parental Drug Use and the Socialization of AIDS Knowledge and Attitudes in Children," by Carol K. Sigelman, Jamie L. Goldenberg, Cynthia B. Lewin Siegel, Kathleen M. Dwyer.

Volume 10, Number 3, June, 1998: "Clinical Psychology Students' Self-Reported Willingness to Interact with Persons Living with HIV," by Jori A. Berger, William H. O'Brien; "Evaluation of the Effectiveness of AIDS Health Education Interventions in the Muslim Community in Uganda," by Magid Kagimu, Elizabeth Marum, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Neema Nakyanjo, Yusuf Walakira, Janice Hogle; "Erotized, AIDS-HIV Information on Public-Access Television: A Study of Obscenity, State Censorship and Cultural Resistance," by W. Bernard Lukenbill; "Extramarital Sex: Is There an Increased Risk for HIV Transmission? A Study of Male Couples of Mixed HIV Status," by Glenn J. Wagner, Robert H. Remien, Alex Carballo-Dieguez; "Gender Differences in Injection-Related Behaviors among Injection Drug Users in Baltimore, Maryland," by Carl A. Latkin, Wallace Mandell, Amy R. Knowlton, Meg C. Doherty, David Vlahov, Tongwoo Suh, David D. Celentano; "Gender and AIDS-Related Psychosocial Processes: A Study of Perceived Susceptibility, Social Distance, and Homophobia," by Scott Schieman; and "Homophobia, Self-Esteem, and Risk for HIV among African American Men Who Have Sex with Men," by Joseph P. Stokes, John L. Peterson.

Volume 10, Supplement A, June, 1998: "HIV Prevention Among Asian and Pacific Islander American Men Who Have Sex with Men: Theories, Research, Applications, and Policies;" containing the following papers: "Epidemiology of HIV and AIDS Among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans," by Francisco S. Sy, Chwee Lye Chng, Simon T. Choi, Frank Y. Wong; "HIV Prevention Among Asian and Pacific Islander American Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Critical Review of Theoretical Models and Directions for Future Research," by Kyung-Hee Choi, Gust A. Yep, Eugene Kumekawa; "HIV Seroprevalence, Risk Behaviors, and Cognitive Factors Among Asian and Pacific Islander American Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Summary and Critique of Empirical Studies and Methodological Issues," by Tooru Nemoto, Frank Y. Wong, Alison Ching, Chwee Lye Chng, Paul Boue, Mark Henrickson, Robert E. Sember; "Asian and Pacific Islander American HIV Community-Based Organizations: A Nationwide Survey," by Chwee Lye Chng, Francisco S. Sy, Simon T. Choi, Ignatius Bau, Rene Astudillo; "A Profile of Six Community-Based HIV Prevention Programs Targeting Asian and Pacific Islander Americans," by Frank Y. Wong, Chwee Lye Chng, Wilson Lo; "Asian and Pacific Islander Americans and HIV Prevention Community Planning," by Ignatius Bau; and "Epilogue," by Kenneth H. Mayer, Frank Y. Wong.

A highly recommended journal for all medical and academic libraries.


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Last updated: 7/13/98
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