A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 5 - November 1993


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Reviewed in this issue:

47. Psychological Perspectives on Women's Health, edited by Vincent J. Adesso, Diane M. Reddy, Raymond Fleming.
48. AIDS World Newsletter.
49. When AIDS Strikes: The New Scarlet Letter, a newsletter.
50. Rubbers Bros. Comics, a series of comics.
51. Theory and Practice of HIV Counselling: A Systemic Approach, by Robert Bor, Riva Miller, Eleanor Goldman.
52. AIDS, Health, and Mental Health: A Primary Sourcebook, by Judith Landau-Stanton, Colleen D. Clements.
53. Homosexual Issues in the Workplace, edited by Louis Diamant.
54. Changing Face of AIDS: Implications for Social Work Practice, edited by Vincent J. Lynch, Gary A. Lloyd, Manuel F. Fimbres.
55. Putting Health Care on the National Agenda, by Arnold Birenbaum.
56. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, by Mark McCauslin.
57. AIDS and Other Manifestations of HIV Infection, edited by Gary P. Wormser.
58. No Rewind, a video from No Excuses Productions.

47. Psychological Perspectives on Women's Health, edited by Vincent J. Adesso, Diane M. Reddy, Raymond Fleming. 1994. Taylor & Francis, 1101 Vermont Ave., NW, Ste 200, Washington, DC 20005-3521. 360p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-89116-848-6. $49.50. (Descriptors: Women's Health and Hygiene, Clinical Health Psychology, Aging) (Contributors to this volume: Vincent J. Adesso, Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Karen L. Calderone, Univ. of Rhode Island; Helen L. Coons, Hahnemann Univ.; April E. Fallon, Medical College of Pennsylvania; Raymond Fleming, Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Marianne Frankenhaeuser, Univ. of Stockholm; Sheryle J. Gallant, Uniformed Services Univ. of the Health Sciences; Sharon M. Hall, Univ. of California, San Francisco; Jeffrey A. Kelly, Medical College of Wisconsin; Pamela Kato Klebanov, Educational Testing Service; Elaine A. Leventhal, Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine; Sandra M. Levy, Univ. of Pittsburgh; Patricia J. Morokoff, Univ. of Rhode Island; Debra A Murphy, Medical College of Wisconsin; Peggy J. Ott, Univ. of Pittsburgh; Anthony E. Reading, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center; Diane M. Reddy, Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Diane N. Ruble, New York Univ.; Gerdi Weidner, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook)

This book contains 12 chapters in 6 parts. The 6 parts are: "Gender, Health, and Aging," "Stress, Coronary Heart Disease, and Cancer," "Body Image and Weight Regulation and Drug Use," "Menstruation and Pain," "Sexuality and Infertility and AIDS," and "Directions for Research in Women's Health." Only the two chapters that make up the "Sexuality and Infertility and AIDS" part will be reviewed. Chapter 10 covers "Sexuality and Infertility." This chapter is an important chapter covering the issues that pertain to a woman's sexuality and infertility. Topics covered which lead into the following chapter on AIDS include sexual behaviors/sexual decisions, effects of power on the sexual relationship, sexual satisfaction, intercourse frequency, and relationship satisfaction, initiation and refusal of sex, stress and moods, infertility, medical treatments for female infertility, in vitro fertilization, artificial insemination, gamete intrafallopian transfer, embryo lavage and transfer, surgical treatments, psychological consequences of infertility treatment, and directions for research.

Chapter 11 is important and is the reason for including this book for review: "Women's Health: The Impact of the Expanding AIDS Epidemic," by Debra A. Murphy and Jeffrey A. Kelly. As of the end of 1991 more than 20,000 women have been diagnosed with AIDS or 10% of all cases. That percentage since 1991 has unfortunately been growing at an alarming rate. In some areas of the world AIDS is the leading cause of death for women ages 20-40. It is estimated that there are now more than 600,000 cases of AIDS in women in Africa alone. The chapter proceeds to explain the modes of transmission and then discusses the progression of the infection in women. Although the discussion is brief, it is enough to alert any researcher that women are to be studied very carefully and AIDS education has to be directed more to them than in the past. With the increase of women with AIDS, it is only natural that there will be an increase in pediatric AIDS, and there is. The authors discuss this briefly, pointing out the alarming course of the disease in infants.

Treatment is covered very well, pointing out that "there are not only medical issues involved in prevention and treatment, but also serious psychological and social issues." The chapter ends as all of the previous chapters end with "Future Research Directions." More research is needed in the following areas: transmission rates of HIV and the factors that influence transmission probability; psychological themes on females with HIV; development of a woman-controlled condom; develop a reliable diagnostic test that can identify HIV infection in early infancy; more focus on prevention interventions; and continue evaluation of women who are diagnosed with HIV so that therapies can be developed for those who are asymptomatic and symptomatic. These two chapters are well written as is the entire book. They alone make it a recommended purchase for all research and academic libraries as well as counselling centers for women. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

48. AIDS World Newsletter. v.1, no.1- , Aug, 1993. AIDS Prevention Fund, PO Box 431, Wilbraham, MA 01095-0431. Free with donations accepted. (Newsletter)

The AIDS Prevention Fund is a member of The Rubbers Bros. Reading Club and AIDS Education and Prevention Publications, with Paul Mozeleski as President. This is a small newsletter (no.1 is 8 pages) that presents brief news reports concerning AIDS throughout the world. The information is gleaned from a wide variety of publications including CDC AIDS Weekly, AIDS Alert, PWA Coalition Newsline, and Journal of Adolescent Health. Issue one includes a table that gives cumulative totals of AIDS in the United States through June, 1993; "Can there be oral transmission of AIDS?"; information from Central America, Asia, France, Italy, and Britain; "New AIDS Definition;" "Teen-age Girls have top gonorrhea rate;" "Students demand AIDS information;" "CDC to distribute additional dollars;" "What behavior puts you at risk?;" "NIH to begin vaccines on infected children;" "Army soldiers at high risk;" "AIDS in Education;" "Western Massachusetts AIDS infection rate;" and "Advice from the AIDS Prevention Fund." This is an alerting newsletter that guides individuals to the original article for the full report. The synopsis of each article is well done and provides more that enough information. Newsletters of this type are needed now more than ever and provide an excellent source for those who do not have the time to read an entire article. It is recommended for all libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

49. When AIDS Strikes: The New Scarlet Letter. v.1, no.- , 1992. The Rubbers Bros., PO Box 431, Wilbraham, MA 01095-0431. ISBN 1-880058-86-3. $.75 per issue. (Descriptors: Education, Social Aspects, Prevention) (Contributors: Peter Mozeleski, author and publisher; Paul Mozeleski, co-author; Gloria Pinatti, editor)

"AIDS has entered our society and has brought to its victims of today all the scorn and shame adultery evoked in the days of Puritan America and Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter." "The time is now to change the scarlet A for AIDS to a clear A for AWARE, and stop this killer." This small newsletter is intended to help educate everyone. The articles are brief and to the point covering such areas as teenage awareness, what parents should know, what teens think about sex, and AIDS and minorities. There are also some good, more extensive articles: "Ten years and still no cure: A decade of AIDS," "AIDS epidemic hitting mothers & children," "Federal AIDS spending to be in billions," "The global AIDS epidemic,""African women are forbidden to say no to AIDS," "Helping teens deal with being gay or lesbian," "Golden gays support elderly AIDS sufferers," "Latex condoms best protection against AIDS," and "Race is on for a blood substitute to help fight AIDS." This is well-written little newsletter that is available in bulk to be distributed at schools and other areas where teenagers may frequent. Although some parents may become upset with the Rubbers Bros. Reading Club, this is an excellent source of down-to-earth information for young people. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

50. Rubbers Bros. Comics. v. 1, no.1- , 1990. The Rubbers Bros. Reading Club, PO Box 431, Wilbraham, MA 01095. ISBN 1-880058-01-4. $3.25 for 4 issues. (Descriptors: Education, Condoms) (Contributors: Peter Mozeleski)

This is an entertaining comic and activity book. Each issue builds upon a story about the Rubbers Brothers battle with A-Man (AIDS). The story line is intended for children and exposes the young readers to becoming comfortable with reading, seeing, and understanding what rubbers are. It is non-suggestive other than pointing out that rubbers are one way to combat AIDS. Each issue includes coloring pages, crossword puzzles and other activities for young people. Granted, this may be a little blunt for some parents who will not see the need of exposing their children to such material; it does, however, provide an excellent educational resource. Peter Mozeleski is to be commended for trying to break the shell that surrounds the word "condom". This will not be a quickly accepted publication, but the editor should not be discouraged. Time will help and certainly the government and religions can help to accept the fact that condoms do help in preventing contact with the AIDS virus. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

51. Theory and Practice of HIV Counselling: A Systemic Approach, by Robert Bor, Riva Miller, Eleanor Goldman. 1993. Brunner/Mazel, Inc., 19 Union Square West, New York, NY 10003. 192p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-87630-717-9. $21.95. (Descriptors: Patient Counseling, Counseling, HIV Infection, Psychology)

This book is a companion to a previous publication by the same authors: AIDS: A Guide to Clinical Counselling (London, Science Press, 1988). A systemic approach is a systems approach where the theories and practices are applied to individuals, couples, families, groups, and people. In this context, the word family denotes both blood relationships and acquired or social relationships such as same-sex. "The systemic view considers the reciprocity of relationships. For instance, if something happens to one member of a family, it will affect the rest of the family, whose response, in turn, will affect the behavior of that individual. This means that behaviour cannot be studied in isolation without taking into account the situation in which it occurs." With this in mind the authors proceed to describe the theory of systemic HIV counseling in the first 6 chapters. As with any life threatening disease, bad news has to be given to the patient at some time and an entire chapter is devoted to this task. "Some guidelines are offered for how to prepare patients for the changes that may lie ahead, to cope with the fears they may have for these changes, and how to give bad news, should the need arise."

The second part of the book delves into the clinical application. It covers counselling in pre- and post-HIV antibody testing, secrecy related problems, the worried well, counselling women, children, and their families, the adolescent and HIV, counselling in the terminal care phase and bereavement counselling. This is a well organized section with each chapter building on the previous one. It is excellent for all levels of counselors, providing the latest information that is needed in the counselling process of the HIV infected. The authors are well-versed in how this counselling should be carried out.

The last section of the book, "Medical Aspects of HIV Infection," is an overview of HIV infection, presenting some historical notes, epidemiology and transmission of HIV infection, natural history and classification of HIV infection, and clinical management that includes the special groups of women, children, intravenous drug users, hemophiliacs, immigrants, and refugees. This small book is a must for all counselors. It could become the Bible for those who are faced with counselling HIV patients. The books is highly recommended for all medical libraries, social work libraries, and academic libraries. Obviously, all counselors should have their own personal copy. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

52. AIDS, Health, and Mental Health: A Primary Sourcebook, by Judith Landau-Stanton, Colleen D. Clements. 1993. Brunner/Mazel, Inc., 19 Union Square Sets, New York, NY 10003. 343p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-87630-688-1. $38.95. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Psychological Aspects, Clinical Management, Epidemiology) (Contributors to this volume, all from the Univ. of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry: Judith Landau-Stanton, Colleen D. Clements, Robert E. Cole, Ann Z. Griepp, Alexander F. Tartaglia, Jackie Nudd, Elisabet Espaillat-Pina, M. Duncan Stanton)

"This volume is the story of our personal and professional struggles with HIV infection and its prevention. We attempt to normalize and mainstream HIV disease so that we can look at it as we have looked at other dreaded diseases: tuberculosis, polio, pancreatic or ovarian cancer, Huntington's, malaria, Creutzfeldt-Jakob, or Ebola fever." The contributors have all had much experience in AIDS training programs and put forth that experience for others to use in their day to day work with HIV patients. Chapter 1 is an overview of how HIV infection is currently viewed, chapter two looks at three patients as individuals and not as biological systems, chapter three looks at the risks of acquiring HIV and chapter four covers the risks that health care professionals are subjected to. Chapter five presents for the health care professional, a method for staying up to date about HIV, chapter six is a medical summary of diagnostic and treatment knowledge and techniques, while chapter seven goes into the neuropsychiatric and general psychiatric aspects of HIV disease. Chapter eight discusses the Rochester Model of family systems therapy, chapter nine explores the community aspects of the disease and chapter ten develops a theory of ethics called systems ethics and applies it to AIDS clinical cases and policy decisions.

This is a very well written book that discusses many aspects of HIV that are important for all medical personnel to know. Each chapter is unique with a wealth of information. For any health care provider who encounters HIV, this would be an excellent book for them to read for information that can be used in working with these patients. Counselors should make this a must-read book. It should be in all academic and medical libraries as well as large public libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

53. Homosexual Issues in the Workplace, edited by Louis Diamant. 1993. Taylor & Francis, 1101 Vermont Ave., NW, Ste 200, Washington, DC 20005-3521. 268p., bibliog., index. (The Series in Clinical and Community Psychology) ISBN 1-56032-038-9. $49.50. (Descriptors: Homosexuality, Gays Employment, Workplace) (Contributors to this volume: Clinton W. Anderson, American Psychological Assoc.; Robert L. Barret, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; Roger G. Brown, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; Kim Buch, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; Judith Carman, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW, Australia; Louis Diamant, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; John E. Elliot, Univ. of Kentucky; Ruth E. Fassinger, Univ. of Maryland; John C. Gonsiorek, PhD; Jo Ann Lee, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; Gary Thomas Long, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; Richard D. McAnulty, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte; Michael H. McGee, JD; J. R. McSpadden, Jr, Saluda Psychology Service Center; Sue Margaret Norton, Univ. of Wisconsin at Parkside; Michael W. Ross, Univ. of New South Wales; Nancy L. Roth, Rutgers Univ.; Ritch C. Savin-Williams, Cornell Univ.; H. Ron Smith, American Psychological Assoc.)

Only part 4 of this book relates to AIDS: "AIDS in the Workplace." It consists of 3 chapters: "Risk Perception and HIV Legal Issues in the Workplace," "Human Resources: Policies and Practices," and "Mental Health Issues and the Worker with AIDS: The Impact of Work on Psychological Functioning in Men with HIV Disease." AIDS in the workplace is a serious concern for all gay men, especially those who are not out or are working in a hostile environment. It presents many special problems, all of which are touched on briefly, including legal issues, current corporate practices, mental health issues, and other psychological issues. The first of the three chapters covers risk probability and risk severity by reviewing traditional, psychological, and cultural conceptions of risk with an emphasis on health care settings. The chapter reviews several cases, few as there are on which to base any really firm findings. The final conclusion "suggests that neither the courts nor individual employers are immune to the influence of outrage when applying established standards." An excellent chapter for the legal oriented individual.

The second of the 3 chapters is a well-written chapter that attempts to dispel some of the popular AIDS-related myths. The first myth is that this is a gay diseases. It is well-known now that in heterosexuals it has taken a sudden increase. Since it is, however, still depicted as a gay disease, many openly gays in the workplace face discrimination and are victimized. Another myth is that AIDS is easy to catch. True, it is easy to catch if you are practicing unsafe sex. The truth is that it is not easy to catch, and even impossible to catch under the kind of casual, nonsexual contact that generally occurs between employees in the workplace. A third misconception is that people with AIDS do not belong in the workplace. Work is, in many cases, the best therapy for someone diagnosed with an AIDS-related disease. In fact, it may be the only outlet for social interaction. The chapter proceeds to define the legal status of AIDS and how policies are developed to protect those who may be HIV positive. "While there is no single best policy for all organizations, some type of AIDS policy is essential." The following elements are essential for any AIDS policy for the workplace: "Company policy and philosophy statement, education, hiring and continuation of employment, benefits and insurance, medical confidentiality, employee assistance programs, and outside support."

The final chapter of this section cover the mental health issues. "Employment is a source of self-esteem, provides a secure reality base, and is one of the most important predictors of positive mental health." The authors do an excellent job in providing background material to support this statement. An interesting part of the chapter documents the actual experiences of people who are HIV positive, showing "what are for them the most psychologically stressful issues related to the workplace." Some of these issues included using AIDS as a means of discrimination and insensitivity, lack of appreciation, denial, and inaccurate empathy. This is a chapter that all employers should read in order to understand how an individual is made to feel under the stress of being HIV positive.

The rest of the book covers many other interesting issues related to being gay in the workplace, including career development; hiring, firing, and promoting; stigma and honor: gay, lesbian, and bisexual people in the U.S. military; the church; attitudes toward homosexuality; lesbian and gay issues in education; the male prison; the gay athlete; older gay employees; homophobia in the academic workplace; and mental health and the workplace for gay and lesbian individuals. All in all this is a well written book that will be of interest to a wide range of individuals. Although somewhat technical for the layperson, it is still a worthwhile book to have available in the public library setting and is definitely a must book for any academic library. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

54. Changing Face of AIDS: Implications for Social Work Practice, edited by Vincent J. Lynch, Gary A. Lloyd, Manuel F. Fimbres. 1993. Auburn House, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 251p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-86569-205-X. $49.95. (Descriptors: Medical Social Work, Patient Services, Service Delivery, Case Management, Families, Gays, Mentally Ill, Substance Abuse) (Contributors to this volume: Vincent J. Lynch, Boston College Graduate School of Social Work; Gary A. Lloyd, Tulane Univ. of School of Social Work; Manuel F. Fimbres, San Jose State Univ.; Susan Taylor-Brown, Syracuse Univ. School of Social Work; Steven Cadwell, private practice; Esther Chachkes, New York Univ. Medical Center; Marsha Zibalese-Crawford, Univ. of Denver Graduate School of Social Work; Cynthia D. Fair, National Cancer Institute; John A. Fleishman, Brown Univ.; Patricia U. Giulino, Massachusetts General Hospital; Steven Godin, East Stroudsburg Univ.; Richard T. Granowsky, National Childrens' Center; Robert H. Hodge, Houston Therapies; Thomas Johnson, Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Karen Kahn, Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Carl G. Leukefeld, Univ. of Kentucky; Vincent Mor, Brown Univ.; John D. Piette, Institute for Health Policy Studies, San Francisco; Jack B. Stein, Center for HIV Substance Abuse Training; Bruce J. Thompson, Brown Univ.; Maureen M. Underwood, Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Lori S. Wiener, National Cancer Institute; Paul A. Wilson, Boston College)

"In the United States, social workers comprise the single largest group of mental health professionals providing services to those affected by" AIDS and the HIV virus. They are at the front lines in providing services to these individuals at all levels. The first decade was devoted to gays and AIDS, while this second decade is showing that AIDS is in all areas of society, thus the name of the book, Changing Face of AIDS. Through the efforts of the gay communities, there is now an actual decline in the number of gay AIDS cases but a frightening increase in the black and Hispanic communities as well as with women. The book is divided into three sections that the editors call macro, mezzo, and micro. The macro section covers the broad demographics and other related macro aspects of AIDS/HIV while the mezzo section covers the organizational and other related service-delivery issues. The micro section is the largest and concentrates on the special populations and specific intervention approaches that can be implemented by the social worker. The editors hope that this book "will be of value as a reference work for the AIDS-care social work practitioner and as a resource to the social work student seeking the most up-to-date information about social work's role in the care of those with HIV/AIDS."

In talking about the future direction of education and practice pertaining to AIDS, innovative programs are outlined, including telephone conference groups, cable network programming, nontraditional living arrangements, life review programs, bereavement programs, programs for adolescents, and legal services. A well written section covers service delivery in HIV/AIDS organizations and mental health services in community-based AIDS organizations. The largest and most important section for any social worker is the one that covers the special populations and how to approach and intervene. These populations include families, infants, children, adolescents, women, gay men, couples, race, bisexuals, gay youth, seriously and persistently mentally ill, substance abusers, and communities of color. Each population is covered in detail giving suggestions on how to work within the communities. A final section: "A Synthesis" covers research and practice issues, including persisting issues, prevention and harm reduction, stigma, duration and chronicity, services to special populations, and the social work response.

This is a well researched book with a wealth of information for everyone. It is highly recommended for all social workers, care givers, and others working directly with these individuals. It is a must book for all public, academic, and medical libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

55. Putting Health Care on the National Agenda, by Arnold Birenbaum. 1993. Praeger Publishers, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 208p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-275-94411-5. $49.95. (Descriptors: Health Insurance, Insurance, Medical Care Costs, Medical Economics)

Although this book is not a specific book on AIDS, it does have an important chapter that covers "People with AIDS." Also, health care is on everyone's mind, and many people feel that people with AIDS cost the system too much and should therefore not have the adequate care that they need. The first chapter of the book says it all: "Dissatisfaction Widespread--Our Leaders Receive a Wake-Up Call." Also a quote from Harris Wofford, 1991, should make you wonder if we should try to be a criminal in order to get adequate help, "If criminals have a right to a lawyer, I think working Americans have a right to a doctor." The chapter on AIDS provides much to think about. It states that the cost of care of AIDS patients in 1992 was estimated at 7 billion dollars, and that "prevention and the search for an immunization should be high priorities in public policy." The public health response to AIDS was too late and AIDS has placed a severe strain on the health-care delivery system. "AIDS is fast becoming a disease of the poor and the disinherited of our society." As a result, services are stretched to their limits and become less and less effective. Medicaid, services for children, and education have to all work hand-in-hand, but need money to really make a dent in what needs to be done. Of these, education is by far the most critical, since so many young people are not heeding the warnings that are being given to them because families, religious groups, and homophobia have stepped in and stopped some of the excellent programs that should be ongoing. This is a well written chapter in a book that should be read from cover to cover to really understand how much trouble the health care service is in the United States, in case you did not know. This is an excellent book for all libraries from school to academic and research. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

56. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, by Mark McCauslin. 1992. Crestwood House, 866 Third Ave, New York, NY 10022. 48p., illus., index. (The Facts About) ISBN 0-89686-720-X. $11.95. (Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Juvenile Literature)

This is one of the best young people's books covering STDs that has appeared in a long time. It is up to date, has excellent illustrations that use all ethnic groups, sexes, and life styles. Each disease is described in terms of being told by a young person who has had or has the disease. STDs covered include gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, AIDS, vaginitis, chlamydia infections, genital warts, scabies, and lice. It briefly explains treatments and cures and stresses the need to tell partners and to practice safe sex. This is a must book for all school libraries as-well-as public libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

57. AIDS and Other Manifestations of HIV Infection, 2nd edition, edited by Gary P. Wormser. 1992. Raven Press, 1185 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. 715p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-88167-881-3. $130.00. (Descriptors: HIV Infections, Etiology, Immunology, Clinical Manifestations, Pathology, Infection Control, Treatment and Prevention) (Contributors to this volume: G.L. Ada, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Hygiene and Public Health; Ronald Bayer, Columbia Univ.; Anita L. Belman, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook; Robert C. Bollinger, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Edward J. Bottone, Mount Sinai Medical Center; Dania Caron, New York Univ. Medical Center; Clay J. Cockerell, Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; John M. Coffin, Tufts Univ. School of Medicine; Mary Ann Adler Cohen, New York Medical College; Richard Conviser, New Jersey Medical and Dental School; Don C. Des Jarlais, Beth Israel Medical Center; D. Peter Drotman, Centers for Disease Control; Brad M. Dworkin, New York Medical College; Debra Fertel, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine; James L. Finley, East Carolina Univ. School of Medicine; Donald P. Francis, Dept. of Health Services, Berkeley; Samuel R. Friedman, Narcotic and Drug Research, Inc.; Patricia N. Fultz, Univ. of Alabama; Murray B. Gardner, Univ. of California, Davis; Helene D. Gayle, Centers for Disease Control; Howard E. Gendelman, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research; Parkash S. Gill, Univ. of Southern California School of Medicine; Deborah Greenspan, Univ. of California at San Francisco; John S. Greenspan, Univ. of California at San Francisco; Samuel Grubman, Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; John W. Hadden, Univ. of South Florida Medical College; William L. Heyward, Centers for Disease Control; Scott D. Holmberg, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services; Harold Horowitz, New York Medical College; Douglas A. Jabs, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Daniel Jacobosn, New York Univ. Medical Center; Carol Joline, Westchester County Medical Center; Vijay V. Joshi, East Carolina Univ. School of Medicine; D. Chester Kalter, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research; Phyllis J. Kanki, Harvard School of Public Health; Barbara W. Kilbourne, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services; Barbara S. Koppel, New York Medical College; Lauren B. Krupp, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook; Jeffrey Laurence, Cornell Univ. Medical College; Howard L. Leaf, New York Univ. School of Medicine; Alexandra M. Levine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center; Paul A. Luciw, Univ. of California, Davis; Benjamin J. Luft, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook; Peter Mariuz, State Univ of New York at Stony Brook; Lauri E. Markowitz, Centers for Disease Control; Anthony Martinez, National Institutes of Health; William J. Martone, Centers for Disease Control; Joseph R. Masci, City Hospital Center at Elmhurst; Timothy D. Mastro, Centers for Disease Control; Henry Masur, National Institutes of Health; Pratik Multani, Beth Israel Hospital; Abdollah Bijan Naficy, Elmhurst Hospital; James S. A. Neill, East Carolina Univ. School of Medicine; Thomas R. O'Brien, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services; James Oleske, Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Ida M. Onorato, Centers for Disease Cointrol; Jan M. Orenstein, George Washington Univ. Medical Center; Arthur E. Pitchenik, Veterans Administration Medical Center; Michael Poon, Mount Sinai Hospital; Richard W. Price, Univ. of Minnesota Medical School; Chester Roberts, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research; Martha F. Rogers, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services; Syed Zaki Salahuddin, Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles; Robert T. Schooley, Univ. of Colorado Health Sciences Center; Paul S. Shneidman, Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; John J. Sidtis, Univ. of Minnesota Health Science Center; Robert F. Siliciano, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Michael S. Simberkoff, New York Veterans Administration Medical Center; Rosemary Soave, New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center; Ana Sotrel, Beth Israel Hospital; Steven Specter, Univ. of South Florida College of Medicine; Anthony F. Suffredini, National Institutes of Health; Jerome I. Tokars, Centers for Disease Control; Russell H. Tomar, Univ. of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics; Christina Walsh, New York Univ. Medical Center; John W. Ward, Centers for Disease Control; Stanley H. Weiss, Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Gary P. Wormser, New York Medical College; Robert L. Yarrish, St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York)

This is a new edition of a 1987 work entitled AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, and Other Manifestations of HIV Infection. This treatise-like text provides "a comprehensive overview of the biologic properties of the etiologic viral agent, its clinico-pathological manifestations, the epidemiology of its infection, and present and future therapeutic and preventive options." It is highly technical and intended for the medical profession. The text is thorough and the illustrations are intended to be as up-to-date as possible providing the physician the latest information on HIV infections. From the above list of noted contributors from throughout the United States, one could hardly doubt that this book would not become a classic and one that will find its place on every medical library's reference shelf.

It is divided into 7 sections: "Background and Epidemiology," "Etiologic Agent," "Immunology of HIV Infection," "Clinical Manifestations," "Pathology of HIV Infection," "Infection Control," and "Treatment and Prevention." The longest section is the one covering clinical manifestations which goes into great detail about the various manifestations that can occur. Each of the other sections is equally as well written covering other aspects of concern by physicians. The last chapter, "AIDS and the Ethics of Prevention, Research, and Care," is one of interest to those outside the medical profession. The main emphasis is "stressing mass education, counseling, and respect for privacy." The ethics of research and care are also covered. This is not a layperson's book and as such will be found only in the largest of the public libraries. Academic and research libraries will need this and medical libraries will want to consider it for their reference collections. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

58. No Rewind, produced, directed, and edited by Paula Mozen with cinematography by Diana Muirhead. 1992. No Excuses Productions, 1124 Hampel, Oakland, CA 94602. 23 minute color video with study guide. Rental: $70.00; purchase: $150.00; public performance fee: $250.00. (Descriptors: Adolescents, HIV, Service Providers)

It is extremely important that today's teenagers receive sex education on a continuous basis and not just a "one shot." This excellent video is just the video that schools should be showing on a regular basis along with frank discussions about AIDS and safer sex. It is a short video of 23 minutes packed full of information that is quickly absorbed by those who watch it. The cinematography is well done using situations that include interviews with persons who are HIV positive and straight forward discussions that talk about sex in teenage terms so that safer sex is not looked at as a clinical topic, discussed only in the classroom. The video does a good job in depicting the crisis in terms that the teenager can understand and the peer educators and HIV-infected individuals really lay it on the line by stressing that "in life there's no rewind."

By using real classroom locations, real students, and real life situations, Paula Mozen has captured the urgency of talking about AIDS, HIV positive, safer sex, drugs, discrimination, and other topics related to AIDS. While watching the video, one is feels good about the message that is being put forth. It does not scare the viewer, but rather makes him or her very conscious of talking about AIDS and safer sex. The use of students of all ethnic backgrounds, straights, and gays, makes this a highly recommended video for all schools, public libraries, counseling centers, and youth service organizations. More positive videos such as this one should be produced and distributed throughout the school systems in the United States. The only major obstacle is getting the parents and religious leaders to accept videos such as this. As an example of how well this video has been accepted it received the Silver Apple award at the 1993 National Educational Film and Video Festival; the Juror's Choice Award at the Charlotte Film Festival; and the Blue Ribbon award at the 1993 American Film and Video Association. (H. Robert Malinowsky)


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Last updated: 09/26/95
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbrv/ .