A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 8 - April 1994


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Reviewed in this issue:

180. Don't Get It!: Teenagers and AIDS, produced by Linda Atkinson, Nick Doob, Karin L. Rhines; HIV Test: Who Should Take It? What Does It Show?, by Peter Cochran; Let's Talk About AIDS, produced by Michael Hardy, color videos.
181. Families Living with Drugs and HIV: Intervention and Treatment Strategies, edited by Richard P. Barth, Jeanne Pietrzak, Malia Ramler.
182. Social Psychology of HIV Infection, edited by John B. Pryor, Glenn D. Reeder.
183. Social and Behavioral Aspects of AIDS, edited by Gary L. Albrecht, Rick S. Zimmerman.
184. Medical Care of Terminally Ill Patients by Robert E. Enck.
185. Art & Understanding: The International Magazine of Literature and Art About AIDS.
186. Clinical Work with Substance-Abusing Clients, edited by Shulamith Lala Ashenberg Straussner.
187. Search for Antiviral Drugs: Case Histories from Concept to Clinic, edited by Julian Adams, Vincent J. Merluzzi.
188. By the Pool of Bethesda: Reflections on Long Term Illness, by Floyd Thompkins, Jr.
189. Rethinking AIDS Prevention: Cultural Approaches, edited by Ralph Bolton, Merrill Singer.
190. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal.
191. AIDS Intervening with Hidden Grievers, by Barbara O. Dane, Samuel O. Miller.

Pre-1992 books briefly mentioned:

192. Caring for Children with HIV and AIDS, edited by Rosie Claxton, Tony Harrison.
193. AIDS: A Strategy for Nursing Care, by Robert J. Pratt.
194. Her Giveaway: A Spiritual Journey with AIDS, by Minnesota American Indian AIDS Task Force. (video)
195. DiAna's Hair Ego: AIDS Info Up Front, by Ellen Spiro. (video)

180. Don't Get It!: Teenagers and AIDS, produced by Linda Atkinson, Nick Doob, Karin L. Rhines. 1994. Human Relations Media, Inc., 175 Tompkins Ave., Pleasantville, NY 10570. 28 minute color video with 22p. teacher's guide. $169.00. HIV Text: Who Should Take It? What Does It Show?, by Peter Cochran. 1993. Human Relations Media, Inc., 175 Tompkins Are., Pleasantville, NY 10570. 26 minute color video with 26p. teacher's guide. $189.00 (also available in Spanish and closed-captioned). Let's Talk About AIDS, produced by Michael Hardy. 1992. Human Relations Media, Inc., 175 Tompkins Ave., Pleasantville, NY 10570. 13 minute color video with 30p. teacher's guide. $119.00. (Descriptors: Adolescents, HIV, Testing, Prevention)

These three videos are part of a continuing series of educational videos covering AIDS and HIV. Other titles that are available include: IT Can Happen to You: Adolescents and AIDS; Spread the Word: Teens Talk to Teens About AIDS; and AIDS: What Are the Risks? All three videos that were reviewed were excellent in their production and effectiveness. They used a good selection of individuals from various ethnic backgrounds with Don't Get It!: Teenagers and AIDS using black teenagers as the primary audience. This video also includes explicit instructions on how to use a condom using the banana as the penis. Since this may be offensive to some and not permitted in some school districts, the video is also available with this section deleted, an unfortunate thing that has to be done in order to get the rest of the video to teenagers. All three videos are straight forward and non-technical in their discussions and descriptions. The use of individuals who have the HIV virus or have full blown AIDS is done extremely well and should help to keep the student's attention.

The HIV Test video is intended for young adolescents and explains how HIV spreads through the body, how we detect antibodies of HIV, and explains the Elisa, SUDS, and Western Blot tests. The narrator, Chris Walker, is excellent. This is a good video for adolescents through adult, being non-threatening in its approach. Let's Talk About AIDS is for young people. It is done through the voices of young people who give their own ideas about AIDS with responses that give the real facts and not the myths that the young people have encountered. The language is of, by, and for young people stressing that if you do not understand, talk about it with someone who does know.

These three videos are highly recommended. They present the facts and use real life individuals, rather than actors. The mix of races that are depicted is good. All three were interesting to watch and should be well received in the classroom. School, public and academic libraries would be wise in having these, as-well-as, the other AIDS videos produced by Human Relations Media. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

181. Families Living with Drugs and HIV: Intervention and Treatment Strategies, edited by Richard P. Barth, Jeanne Pietrzak, Malia Ramler. 1993. Guilford Press, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. 368p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-89862-888-1, 0-89862-150-Xpbk. $45.00, $23.95pbk. (Descriptors: Children, Children of Narcotic Addicts, Drug Abuse in Pregnancy, Problem Families, Prevention and Control, Therapy, Family Health, HIV Infections) (Contributors to this volume: Richard P. Barth, Univ. of California at Berkeley; Jeanne Pietrzak, National Abandoned Infant Assistance Resource Center; Malia Ramler, Family Welfare Research Group; Abigail English, Adolescent Health Care Project; Hope Ewing, family physician; Mary Foran, Office of Service Integration in the Contra Costa County Health Services Dept.; Maria Nunes-Dinis, Univ. of California at Berkeley; Diana Roberts, Washington State Dept. of Social and Health Services; Nika St. Claire, Children's Hospital in Oakland, CA; Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, private consultant; Laurie A. Soman, Children's Hospital in Oakland, CA; Elaine Durkot Sterzin, Foundation for Children with AIDS; Mildred Thompson, Healthy Start; Holly Vaughn-Edmonds, Oregon Health Sciences Univ.; Sylvia Villarreal, San Francisco General Hospital; Geneva Woodruff, consultant; Barry Zuckerman, Boston Univ. School of Medicine)

"The rapid increase in the number of drug- and AIDS-affected newborns has serious consequences for health and social services providers and policy makers. Critical ethical, fiscal, and legal challenges face concerned citizens, professional and nonprofessional alike." "The importance of this volume lies in part on its integration of information about drug- and AIDS-affected families." This sobering book is divided into four parts: "Introduction to the problem of drug- and AIDS-affected infants," "Prevention," "Services to parents of drug- and AIDS-affected infants," and "Legal, ethical, and policy issues." The introductory part presents background information for the other three parts, covering such things as the rights of children to treatment, the social context of alcohol and drug use in childbearing women, addiction and family life, recovery support for childbearing women, and developmental considerations for those with the problem of drugs and AIDS. The last chapter in this part considers the drugs cocaine, opiates, and marijuana.

The second part covers various ways of prevention including perinatal alcohol and drug use and services in assisting families affected by drugs, alcohol, and AIDS. The third part is the largest and probably the most useful of the book. It covers health care services, treatment outcomes and services for women, working with the family towards child development, family support services, drug-exposed infants and their families, child welfare services, and shared family care. Various model services are discussed, recommendations are given, treatments for cocaine and heroin addicts, infant model programs, preschool model programs, teaching, and shared family care. Numerous case histories are covered, giving the reader a wide range of alternatives when considering some of the recommendations or treatments. The last part is the one that troubles most workers since laws sometimes work against what is right and wrong. The legal, ethical, and policy issues are outlined. The conclusion states: "Professional organizations can work together to develop a standard of care incorporating education, screening, intervention, and referral for drug and alcohol use and HIV risk into all services--family planning; school health; and obstetric, gynecologic, pediatric, family practice, and sexually transmitted disease programs--that reach women of childbearing age.

This is an excellent book for service providers. It does not give all the answers but it does present a wealth of alternatives to choose from by providing and emphasizing "practical interventions, with numerous illustrative case studies reinforcing key points and concepts." Recommended for all medical and academic libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

182. Social Psychology of HIV Infection, edited by John B. Pryor, Glenn D. Reeder. 1993. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 365 Broadway, Hillsdale, NJ 07642. 380p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8058-0991-0. $69.95. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Social Aspects) (Contributors to this volume: Patricia W. Linville, Gregory W. Fischer, Baruch Fischhoff, J. van der Pligt, Wilma Otten, Rene Richard, Frank van der Velde, Meg Gerrard, Frederick X. Gibbons, Teddy D. Warner, Gabie E. Smith, Lynn Carol Miller, B. Ann Bettencourt, Sherrine Chapman DeBro, Valerie Hoffman, William A. Fisher, Jeffrey D. Fisher, Richard E. Petty, Faith Gleicher, W. Blair G. Jarvis, John B. Jemmott, James M. Jones, Gregory M. Herek, Eric K. Glunt, John B. Pryor, Glenn D. Reeder, Bernard Weiner, Shelley E. Taylor, Margaret E. Kemeny, Stephen G. Schneider, Lisa G. Aspinwall, Allen M. Omoto, Mark Snyder, James P. Berghuis)

The fight against AIDS has made strides but there is still no proven vaccine and curative therapies for those infected with HIV are still in the experimental stages. "With no biomedical solutions on the near horizon, society must turn to the social and behavioral sciences for guidance in dealing with the epidemic. In this context, we see two general themes underlying HIV social problems: (a) stemming the tide of HIV infection, and (b) caring for the increasing numbers of persons with AIDS (PWAs)." To this end, the editors have brought together a group of contributors whose views are presented in two parts: "The theoretical roots of prevention" and "The dilemma of the PWA: stigma, prosocial reactions, and coping." The first four chapters cover the social cognitive views on the perception of HIV risks and the performance of risky behaviors. The views that are presented are based on numerous surveys that have been taken throughout the U.S. Topics discussed include decision biases, perceived risk, unrealistic optimism, perceived vulnerability, and negotiating safer sex. The next three chapters of part one cover the theoretical perspectives on intervention.

Part two truly depicts the dilemma we are faced with AIDS, particularly with PWAs. The authors have tried to present a good understanding of the AIDS stigma. Public attitudes towards AIDS-related issues in the U.S. provides a good indication of how people view AIDS and those who are positive or have AIDS. It is somewhat more positive but still very negative for a large portion of the population. The AIDS stigma is here to stay until there is a cure. The last two chapters cover "coping with HIV infection and social support." Coping with the threat of AIDS is the greatest in the gay and lesbian community. Education of the population as a whole is having some success but young people are still ignorant of what AIDS is all about and view themselves as individuals who will never become infected. "Both seropositive and seronegative men are being asked to undertake behavioral changes in their lives in order to avoid becoming infected themselves or passing the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on to others." The last chapter covers AIDS volunteerism and what it has meant in this fight. This is a very interesting chapter and one that anyone who is thinking of volunteering should read. It discusses how AIDS volunteerism quickly became active, particularly in the gay and lesbian community. It was not without its own problems with instruction and education; the stigma of the straight community took pot-shots at these individuals and assumed that they were infected and at risk in jobs and friendships. The editors conclude that "when the definitive social history of the HIV epidemic is written, we believe that basic and applied research in the psychological sciences will have proven itself to be an integral part of society's collective response to AIDS."

This is a serious book based on detailed research. It cannot be picked up, read, and digested without a great deal of thought. The contributors are all experts and have done a remarkable job in presenting their findings. Social researchers will welcome this book, counselors will want to read it, and physicians will want to consult it. It is not a book for the general public, but is highly recommended for all medical and academic libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

183. Social and Behavioral Aspects of AIDS, edited by Gary L. Albrecht, Rick S. Zimmerman. 1993. Jai Press, 55 Old Post Road, no. 2, Greenwich, CT 06830. 227p., bibliog. (Advances in Medical Sociology, v. 3) ISBN 1-55938-439-5. $73.25. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Behavioral Aspects, Women, Bisexuals, Occupational Health) (Contributors to this volume: Peter Aggleton, Goldsmiths' College Univ. of London; Gary L. Albrecht, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago; Judith K. Barr, New York Business Group on Health; Mary Boulton, St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, London; Robert S. Broadhead, Univ. of Connecticut; Stephen Crystal, Rutgers Univ.; Ray Fitzpatrick, Nuffield College; Kathryn J. Fox, Univ. of California; Samuel R. Friedman, Narcotic and Drug Research, Inc.; Deborah C. Glik, Univ. of California at Los Angeles; Claudine Herzlich, Recherches au National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); Kirby Jackson, Univ. of South Carolina; Philip M. Kayal, Seton Hall Univ.; Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld, Arizona State Univ.; Janine Pierret, Recherches au National Center for Scientific Research; Nina Glick Schiller, Univ. of New Hampshire; Rose Weitz, Arizona State Univ.; Rick Zimmerman, Univ. of Miami)

More and more is being written about AIDS with reference to the sociological and behavioral aspects of the disease. This book is a summary of research presented in 11 papers. The first paper, "What does AIDS teach us about social science?" sets the tone for the other papers. One of its main purposes is to show "how AIDS may stimulate us to undertake research that will sharpen our theories, improve our methods, and lay the groundwork for informed social policy." The second paper looks at "AIDS as a sociohistorical phenomenon." Most of the discussion centers around gay men and drug users. The third paper synthesizes work that has been done on risk perception, while the fourth paper covers AIDS as it developed in France. Bisexuality and AIDS is the theme of the next paper citing several studies that involved bisexuals. Bisexuals have an added burden of not being trusted by the straight community. Women is the focus of the next paper and injection drug users and the occupational health risks in medical sociology. An important paper is the "Organizational response to AIDS in the workplace." It reviews the work of several organizations that have adopted workplace policies and programs. "Stigma and homecoming: family caregiving and the disaffiliated intravenous drug user" is covered in a short paper. The last two papers that round out this excellent review volume cover: "Promoting whose health? Models of health promotion and education about HIV disease" and "The sociological imagination in AIDS prevention education among gay men."

All in all this is an excellent book that illustrates how important sociological studies are in the understanding of AIDS, caregiving, and education. Much can be learned from these studies that can make the lives of PWAs much more comfortable. All medical and academic libraries should have this volume. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

184. Medical Care of Terminally Ill Patients, by Robert E. Enck. 1994. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 N Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218-4319. 202p., bibliog., index. (The Johns Hopkins Series in Hematology/Oncology). ISBN 0-8018-4675-7, 0-8018-4763-Xpbk. $65.00, $28.95pbk. (Descriptors: Terminal Care, Palliative Treatment, Death and Dying, Pain Management)

Talking and writing about death is difficult, even for those whose life is devoted to the terminally ill. With AIDS, this is something that is all too common, as those who work with hospices know. The major purpose of the book is to provide "a scientific understanding of and subsequent applicability to the management of the complex clinical problems encountered in dying patients." It is not intended to be comprehensive but covers a great deal of information in a few pages. The first part, "The management of symptoms common among dying patients," covers such things as nausea and vomiting, delirium, depression, urinary incontinence, and pressure sores. Each malady is discussed briefly with some indication of what can be done to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Part 2, "The management of pain," is an important one, especially in view of the recent studies that indicate that this area has been somewhat neglected up to now. Physicians have always worried about the long term dependency of pain killers but now it is being accepted that one has to make the final days as comfortable as possible. The various drugs are discussed as well as therapies, surgeries, and acupuncture. The last section, "The management of symptoms during the last few days," covers terminal symptoms and their management, drug-induced terminal sedation, resuscitation, and advance directives.

An excellent book for any hospice to have for the volunteers, social workers, and physicians. For those who have taken it upon themselves to give home care, this would be an invaluable book. It is recommended for all public, medical, and academic libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

185. Art & Understanding: The International Magazine of Literature and Art About AIDS, editor-in-chief, David Waggoner. 1991- . Art & Understanding, Inc., 25 Monroe St., Ste 205, Albany, NY 12210. Fall, 1991- illus. Subscriptions are through donations: $25.00-$49.00--donor; $50.00-$99.00--sponsor; $100.00-$249.00--patron; $250.00--benefactor; $500.00--editor's circle; $1,000.00+--publisher's circle; $3.95 per issue. (Descriptors: Art and AIDS, Sociological Aspects, Literature)

This unique magazine is "dedicated to collecting, archiving and publishing the growing body of literature and art emanating from the AIDS pandemic. It's nature is global and reflects the diversity of experiences of people whose lives have been affected by AIDS--those living with HIV and AIDS, their parents and children, partners, friends, and relatives." It is published four times a year. The October/November, 1993, issue had 4 poems, 3 fictional stories, 1 gallery presentation, 1 interview, 1 humor entry, and 6 reviews of books, theater, media, television, film, and essays. This is an outstanding publication, classy in the way the material is presented, and a must for any library. It is an excellent outlet for individuals who are HIV positive or have AIDS. The material is moving and provides some solace to all those who read and browse the pages. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

186. Clinical Work with Substance-Abusing Clients, edited by Shulamith Lala Ashenberg Straussner. 1993. Guilford Press, 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. 381p., bibliog., index. (Guilford Substance Abuse Series). ISBN 0-89862-193-3. $35.00. (Descriptors: Social Work, Substance Abuse Therapy, Drugs, Alcohol) (Contributors to this volume: Armin R. Baier, Jr., Parallax Center; Carole S. Barabander, private practice; Vincent Casolaro, Inter-Care, Ltd.; Jennifer Davis, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center; Beverly Feigelman, Long Island Jewish Medical Center; William Feigelman, Nassau Community College; Ellen Grace Friedman, New York Univ.; Eda G. Goldstein, New York Univ.; Kathy B. Gordon, private practice; Muriel Gray, Univ. of Maryland at Baltimore; Roberta Markowitz, Oakwood Psychotherapy Center; Jeffrey R. McIntyre, Harvard Medical School; David M. Ockert, Parallax Center; Philip O'Dwyer, Brookfield Clinics; Lois Orlin, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center; Patricia A. Pape, Pape & Associates; Shelley Scheffler, New York Univ.; Fran M. Silverman, Beth Israel Medical Center; Robert J. Smith, Inter-Care, Ltd.; Betsy Robin Spiegel, private practice; Shulamith Lala Ashenberg Straussner, New York Univ.; Diane Pincus Strom, Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center; Elizabeth Zelvin, Coney Island Hospital)

This is a book for those working with substance abusers from alcohol to hard drugs. The one chapter that covers AIDS is "AIDS and intravenous drug users: Issues and treatment implications." After some brief background information it covers characteristics of intravenous drug users, physical manifestations and implications, socioeconomic ramifications, emotional reactions, families and significant other, social work interventions, and reactions of social workers. The discussions are very brief but to the point. It is not comprehensive and the assumption is that the reader will seek out other sources to supplement what is contained in this book. The chapter ends with a statement: "Confronted with individuals whose difficulties may include a vast array of physical, social, economic, and psychological problems, social workers must intervene with services on all levels while simultaneously dealing with obstacles on all fronts, possibly including their own reactions." This is a recommended book for all social workers, health care workers, physicians, and care givers. The information on AIDS is brief but the rest of the book covers substance abuse very well. Public, medical, and academic libraries will want a copy. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

187. Search for Antiviral Drugs: Case Histories from Concept to Clinic, edited by Julian Adams, Vincent J. Merluzzi. 1993. Birkhauser Boston, 675 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02139. 240p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-8176-3606-4. $75.00. (Descriptors: Antiviral Agents, Nucleosides, Therapeutic Use, HIV Infections, Chemotherapy) (Contributors to this volume: Julian Adams, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals; Koen Andries, Janssen Research Foundation, Turnhoutseweg; Robert Deziel, Bio-Mega, Inc.; Mark E. Goldman, Ligan Pharmaceuticals; Ming-Chu Hsu, Hoffmann-LaRoche; Herbert E. Kaufman, LSU Eye Center; Michel Liuzzi, Bio-Mega, Inc.; Steven D. Marlin, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals; Vincent J. Merluzzi, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals; Kathryn H. Pattishall, Burroughs Wellcome Co.; Rudi Pauwels, Rega Institute for Medical Research; Sally Redshaw, Roche Products; Noel A. Roberts, Roche Products; Steve Tam, Hoffmann-LaRoche)

This small volume presents both successes and failures in the search for antiviral drugs. "One of the most important advances that has contributed to the discovery of new antiviral drugs is the scientific contribution of molecular biology in helping to dissect and unravel the viral life cycle." "Not only has fundamental scientific knowledge increased regarding the pathophysiology of viruses, but also practical techniques in molecular cloning and structural biology have made possible the production of viral target proteins and enzymes as laboratory tools in order to screen for new inhibitors." The first chapter presents some historical facts about antiviral development. This is followed with chapters that highlight the current antiviral compounds that have been successful in preclinical research and are worthy of further clinical research. The drugs that are discussed are Zidovudine for the control of human immunodeficiency virus infection; Nevirapine, a nonnucleoside inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase; TIBO, a new family of HIV-1-specific reverse transcriptase inhibitors; 2-Pyridinone HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors; HIV proteinase inhibitor Ro 31-8959; and Pirodavir, a broad-spectrum inhibitor of rhinoviruses. The remaining chapters cover a new approach to antiviral chemotherapy; sICAM-1 as a receptor antagonist for rhinoviruses; and inactivation of Herpes Simplex virus ribonucleotide reductase by subunit association inhibitors.

This is a highly technical but very important book for researcher and practioners in pharmacology, biochemistry, chemistry, and medicine. The information is thorough, well illustrated, and contains extensive bibliographies. It is a must book for all medical libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

188. By the Pool of Bethesda, by Floyd Thompkins, Jr. 1992. Genesis 1:26, 1000 NE 26th Ave., Pompano Beach, FL 33062. 108p. ISBN 0-9636064-0-9. $6.95. (Descriptors: Religious Aspects, Long Term Illness)

This is a "unique and provocative collection of Christian reflections concerning terminal illness" with the last two chapters being "testimonies of hope and a tribute to those who have suffered from the disease of AIDS." Based on sermons given by Reverend Floyd Thompkins, Jr., this book offers spiritual comfort to all who read it. He uses his black preaching rhythm and style to come to grips with terminal illness, regardless of the cause. His main purpose for publishing this book is to show that there is a need for a Christian message that can bring hope to those who have a terminal illness such as AIDS. It would be an excellent book for any religious counselor and a must for those who think that AIDS is God's judgment. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

189. Rethinking AIDS Prevention: Cultural Approaches, edited by Ralph Bolton, Merrill Singer. 1992. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 820 Town Center Drive, Langhorne, PA 19047. 225p., illus., bibliog. (Medical Anthropology, v.14, nos. 2-4, pp. 139-363). ISBN 2-88124-552-8. $24.00. (Descriptors: Prevention, Medical Anthropology, Social Aspects) (Contributors to this volume: Ralph Bolton; Merrill Singer; Brooke Grundfest Schoepf; Clark L. Taylor; David Lourea; Zhongke Jia; Jean J. Schensul; Margaret Weeks; J. Bryan Page; Ida Susser; M. Alfredo Gonzalez; John Vincke; Rudolf Mak; Ellen Dennehy)

The anthropological research that is being conducted today on AIDS covers a wide spectrum of topics including "symbolic analyses of AIDS discourse; surveys of adolescent attitudes toward sexuality and AIDS,...ethonographies of drug using populations; discussions of ethical and methodological issues in AIDS research; experimental evaluation of the effectiveness of culturally specific AIDS prevention programs; and societal responses to the epidemic." Six chapters cover such areas as AIDS and promiscuity; condoms; HIV prevention; IV drug users; prevention of AIDS in a New York City shelter for homeless men; and alcohol and risky sex. Each chapter thoroughly covers the topic and ends with a conclusion and bibliography. In the chapter on promiscuity it is stated that "Sexual hypocrisy is the worst enemy of AIDS prevention." It indicates that some want us to return to the 50s so that sex is only for those who want families and the "values of freedom, choice, creativity, honesty, safety, and responsibility" are left out. One illustration shows that sex does not equal intercourse; unprotected intercourse does equal unsafe sex; safe sex does equal outercourse/protected intercourse; monogamy does not equal fidelity; fidelity does not equal safe sex; promiscuity does not equal unsafe sex; safe sex does equal life; and silence does equal death. Sobering thoughts to say the least.

This is an excellent collection of articles that are easily read. They present the results of detailed research and show how some previous research statements that were made at the beginning of the AIDS epidemic may not now be true. Sociologists will find this a very useful book to read and possibly follow with additional research and surveys. An excellent statement that should be thought about is "AIDS prevention should attempt to destroy our folk theories instead of turning them into self-fulfilling prophecies." This excellent book should be in all medical and academic libraries as-well-as large public libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

190. AIDS Education and Prevention: An Interdisciplinary Journal. 1989- . Guilford Publications, Inc., 72 Spring St., New York, NY 10012. v.1- , 1989- . ISSN 0899-9546. $30.00 for individuals, $75.00 for institutions. (Descriptors: Education, Prevention)

This publication is the official journal of the International Society for AIDS Education. It is devoted to providing the latest information about AIDS education and prevention, including the development, implementation, and evaluation of this information. It is indexed and abstracted in all of the major services including all of the databases of the National Library of Medicine. In addition to the research articles there are book and film reviews and notes from the field. This is an excellent publication for any public, medical, or academic library. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

191. AIDS: Intervening with Hidden Grievers, by Barbara O. Dane, Samuel O. Miller. 1992. Auburn House/ Greenwood Publishing Group, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 225p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-86569-028-6. $45.00. (Descriptors: Psychological Aspects, Bereavement, Patients and Family Relationships, Grief Therapy, Social Support)

Much has been written on the prevention of HIV transmission and care of the sick and dying. More is being said about the role of caregivers as they work with those who are terminally ill. Unfortunately little is written about the grieving process that goes on after a loved one has died. That is what this book is about. "Sadly the denial of grief goes hand-in-glove with the denial of death." The second decade of AIDS will bring more and more deaths and more and more individuals will need counseling because of their losses to AIDS. "The contents of this book are drawn from our clinical experience with survivors, from interviews with survivors of deceased PWAs, and from ongoing groups and workshops and teaching seminars for professionals and students working with persons with AIDS and their survivors." It is written for mental health professionals and anyone who counsels those who are bereaved. It provides a review of what is known at this time about survivorship and bereavement; clinical knowledge that has been collected; and an awareness of the need to develop models that can be used in treating the survivors of AIDS. The first two chapters present an overview of theories on grief and bereavement and the AIDS crisis. These are followed with a chapter that talks about the bereavement responses of survivors of persons who died of AIDS. The last six chapters are the key chapters covering intervening with children and adolescents; women; families of homosexual and bisexual men; inner-city survivors of AIDS; gay lovers and friends; and practitioners.

Each of these chapters is well written and provides a wealth of information on how to cope with the grieving process. The chapter that covers families of homosexual and bisexual men is especially well written. It covers the emotional effects on families; communication; multiple stressful events; and the role of support groups. "It is evident that families will experience conflict, disruption, disintegration, alienation and social isolation." "AIDS is a family problem that transcends illness and death. It is uniquely one that causes families to feel they have failed and have a skeleton in the closet." Guilt, cultural and religious values, and burnout are all topics that are covered in one or more of the chapters. This would be a highly recommended book for public, medical, and academic libraries. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

192. Caring for Children with HIV and AIDS, edited by Rosie Claxton, Tony Harrison. 1991. Edward Arnold/Singular Publishing Group, 4284 41st St., San Diego, CA 92105-1197. 205p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-340-55256-5. $32.50. (Descriptors: Children, Legal Issues, Ethical Issues, Caring, Psychological Aspects) (Contributors to this volume: Janette Brierley, Women and Children's Health, London; Sheila Burns, City Hospital, Edinburgh; Rosie Claxton, Westminster Hospital, London; John Cosgrove, City Hospital, Edinburgh; Janet M. Hall, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Sick Children, Brighton; Tony Harrison, Booth Hall Children's Hospital, Manchester; Jim Kuykendall, Charing Cross Hospital, London; Rebekah Lwin, The Hospitals for Sick Children, London; Susan Macqueen, The Hospitals for Sick Children, London; Jacqueline Mok, Univ. of Edinburgh; Marie-Louise Newell, Univ. of London; Catherine S. Peckham, Univ. of London; Reg Pyne, United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing; Carolyn Roth, St. Mary's Hospital, London; Kate Skinner, Univ. of Stirling, Scotland; Alex Susman-Shaw, Royal Manchester Childrens' Hospital, Manchester; Mark Winter, Thanet District General Hospital, Kent)

"The aim of this book is to create an awareness of the disease, and provide a broad overview of some of the issues and problems encountered by those who have pioneered the work involved in caring for families and children living with HIV and AIDS." This book covers research that has been conducted prior to 1991. It is not a definitive book but it does provide information "pertaining to treatment, whether clinical, psychological or social, is at an embryonic stage, and there are ethical, economical and political dilemmas involved. This is a British book with the contributors all researchers in Great Britain. The chapters cover such topics as diagnosis of HIV infection, management issues, nursing care, ethics, childbirth and HIV infection, caring for children, social care for families, psychological support, and infection control. This would be a recommended book for all medical and academic libraries, especially those that serve pediatric researchers. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

193. AIDS: A Strategy for Nursing Care, by Robert J. Pratt. 3rd ed. 1991. Edward Arnold/Singular Publishing Group, 4284 41st St, San Diego, CA 92105-1197. 279p., illus., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-340-54841-X. $29.95. (Descriptors: Patient Care, Nursing Care, Children)

This is a 1992 printing that includes updated statistics. It continues the purpose of the first two editions in that it "established a knowledge base for nurses seeking a technical, managerial, professional and ethical strategy for caring for an ever increasing number of frightened young men and women infected with HIV." Robert Pratt has tried to create an ethical framework that will provide the highest possible quality of care. It provides a good background of the cause of AIDS before providing information on caring, working with children, infection control, discharge planning and community planning, and the nurse as health educator and manager. The text is well written and easy to follow with many examples of what to do based on case studies. All nurses who are in contact with AIDS patients should read this book and have it as a reference source. Medical and academic libraries as well as large public libraries will want a copy. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

194. Her Giveaway: A Spiritual Journey with AIDS, by Minnesota American Indian AIDS Task Force. 1989. Women Make Movies, 462 Broadway, 5th Fl., New York, NY 10013. Color video, 20min. $195.00, $50.00rental. (Descriptors: Social Aspects; Native Americans)

Through the thoughts of Carole Lafavor, a Native American lesbian, the feelings, fears, and truths of having AIDS are related in a frank, moving, and touching manner. Carole has a beautiful voice and is serious in everything she relates. Her friends, doctors, and family contribute much so that the major thrust is that ignorance and hysteria are two major roadblocks to effective AIDS prevention and treatment. The entire video is beautifully done with many quiet, serene scenes of Minnesota scenery. This video should be in all AIDS counseling libraries and should be available at all health centers serving the Native American. (H. Robert Malinowsky)

195. DiAna's Hair Ego: AIDS Info Up Front, by Ellen Spiro. 1990. Women Make Movies, 462 Broadway, 5th Fl, New York, NY 10013. Color video. 29min. $150.00, $50.00rental. (Descriptors: Education)

DiAna DiAna is president of the South Carolina AIDS Education Network (SCAEN) and owner/operator of DiAna's Hair Ego, a beauty parlor. This well-done video provides an insight into this remarkable black lady who single handedly has educated the hundreds of customers to her beauty parlor about AIDS. As founder of SCAEN she further educated the community through presentations at schools, churches, and safer sex parties. She is frank, truthful, and entertaining. The photography is well done, the presentations keep your interest, and the information is accurate. This would be an excellent video for health counseling centers, especially where blacks are major clients. Libraries would benefit in having this for their circulating collection. (H. Robert Malinowsky)


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated:09/26/95
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/