A I D S B O O K R E V I E W J O U R N A L

University of Illinois at Chicago

H. Robert Malinowsky

Editor

ISSN 1068-4174

Number 9 - June 1994


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Reviewed in this issue:

196. Sexual Politics in Cuba: Machismo, Homosexuality, and AIDS, by Marvin Leiner.
197. Until the Cure: Caring for Women with HIV, edited by Ann Kurth.
198. AIDS Prevention and Services: Community Based Research, edited by Johannes P. Van Vugt.
199. AIDS Pandemic: Social Perspectives, by Yole G. Sills.
200. AIDS: A Multimedia Sourcebook, compiled by John J. Miletich.
201. Drugs and Sex, by George A. Boyd.
202. Sustaining Safe Sex: Gay Communities Respond to AIDS, by Susan Kippax, R.W. Connell, G.W. Dowsett, June Crawford.
203. HIV, AIDS, and the Brain, edited by Richard W. Price, Samuel W. Perry III.
204. Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine, by Lester Grinspoon, James B. Bakalar.
205. AIDS: Facing the Second Decade, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart.
206. Sex, Gay Men and AIDS, by Peter M. Davies, Ford C.I. Hickson, Peter Weatherburn, Andrew J. Hunt.

Pre-1992 books briefly mentioned:

207. AIDS: Trading Fears for Facts: A Guide for Young People, by Karen Hein, Theresa Foy DiGeronimo.
208. Parasitic Infections in the Compromised Host, edited by Peter D. Walzer, Robert M. Genta.
209. Virus Hunting: AIDS, Cancer, and the Human Retrovirus: A Story of Scientific Discovery, by Robert Gallo.
210. AIDS: Individual, Cultural and Policy Dimensions, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart.
211. AIDS: Responses, Interventions and Care, edited by Peter Aggleton, Graham Hart, Peter Davies.
212. AIDS Law in a Nutshell, by Robert M. Jarvis, Michael L. Closen, Donald H.J. Hermann, Arthur S. Leonard.

196. Sexual Politics in Cuba: Machismo, Homosexuality, and AIDS, by Marvin Leiner. 1994. Westview Press, Inc., 5500 Central Ave., Boulder, CO 80301-2877. 184p., bibliog., index. (Series in Political Economy and Economic Development in Latin America) ISBN 0-8133-8654-3. $47.50. (Descriptors: Sex Instruction, Cuba, Sex Role, Gays)

"This work is part of an ongoing study of social and educational changes in Cuba since the Revolution of 1959." In this study Leiner has looked into the issues of gender equality, machismo, and homosexuality as they pertained to sex education and especially to AIDS. The book is divided into 6 major chapters: "The paradox of Cuba's revolution," "The homosexual in the revolution," "Changing the role of women and breaking the taboo: Initiating sex education," "The audacious subject: The sex education program," "AIDS: Cuba's effort to contain," and "The Cuban revolution in crisis." Talking about AIDS in Cuba is difficult, to say the least, since the country is very Catholic and the homophobic speeches of Castro prevent very little open debate. The biggest part of the book, therefore deals with this homophobic or macho attitude that prevails. As to sex education, it is a slow process with a high rate of teenage pregnancy and early marriage still prevalent. The woman is still devalued and patriarchy reigns.

Cuba responded to AIDS as quickly as it could resulting in 9,771,691 people being tested by April, 1991 or almost the entire population. If one tested positive the individual was sent to one of 12 special sanatoriums with over 900 patients. As of the end of 1992, there were 159 individuals who developed AIDS with 119 of these having died. The Cuban philosophy is that in the "absence of a serious educational program on AIDS, the quarantine itself becomes a kind of collective safe sex program that requires that infected people remove themselves from society so society can remain untainted." This philosophy has preempted any consideration of alternatives to the sanatorium. They argue that the nationwide testing has kept AIDS at a very low level. The Cuban government also believes that "it is impossible to know which infected people can be trusted to behave responsibly, all must be treated as dangerous." Leiner cites many examples of what the Cuban population believe and are told by the government. It is sex education without any discussion. It is pointed out, however, that those who are in the sanatoriums are given excellent care and that the expense of caring for them is high.

This is a well researched book that discusses sociological aspects of a country that has been under the control of one man for decades. It is interesting to read and frightening to see how an entire nation bends to the macho control of Castro. To this government, there is no alternative, only what is mandated by the leader. The sanatoriums may be successful but do they really speak to the real issue of sex education? Leiner thinks not: "The quarantine policy is representative of the crisis in Cuba today. Whatever solutions become possible, they preclude a political leadership that is so afraid of losing macho control that it hides its head in the sand and waits for the storm to pass." This is a highly recommended book for public and academic libraries.

197. Until the Cure: Caring for Women with HIV, edited by Ann Kurth. 1993. Yale University Press, PO Box 209040, New Haven, CT 06520-9040. 327p., bibliog., index. (A Yale Fastback) ISBN 0-300-05835-7. $16.00. (Descriptors: Women, Medical Care, Women's Health, Women's Health Services, HIV Infections) (Contributors to this volume: Kathyrn Anastos, Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center; Kathryn Carovano, Johns Hopkins Univ.; Judith Cohen, program director for AWARE; Risa Denenberg, Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center; Ilene Fennoy, Columbia Univ.; Mindy Thompson Fullilove, Columbia Univ.; Helen Gasch, Columbia Univ.; Susan Holman, SUNY Health Science Center; Margaret Hutchison, San Francisco General Hospital; Joyce A. Korvick, National Institutes of Health; Ann Kurth, Indiana State Dept of Health; Carol Levine, Orphan Project; Patricia Loftman, Harlem Hospital Center; Iris L. Long, adviser to ACT-UP; Jonathan Mann, Harvard School of Public Health; Janet L. Mitchell, Harlem Hospital Center; Kathy M. Sanders, Massachusetts General Hospital; Helen Schietinger, consultant; Maureen Shannon, San Francisco General Hospital; B. Joyce Simpson, Yale-New Haven Hospital; Ann Sunderland, SUNY Health Science Center-Brooklyn; John Tucker, Harlem Hospital Center; Sten H. Vermund, National Institutes of Health; Krystn Wagner, Yale Univ. School of Medicine; Ann Williams, Yale-New Haven Hospital; Sterling B. Williams, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center; Laura J. Wittig, Purdue Univ.; Mary Young, Georgetown Univ. Hospital; Michele A. Zavos, George Washington Univ.)

The first goal of this book is "to create a succinct source of information for those who work with these women (HIV positive). This book is also for HIV-positive women themselves and for their loved ones, for whom living with this disease is a daily reality." The second goal is that "the awareness that the needs of women with HIV require creative and consistent response from all providers." The fields involved include medicine, nursing, sociology, psychology, psychiatry, social work, social activism, women's studies, public health, medical anthropology, ethics, pharmacology, law, and health policy.

This is a book full of information concerning primary care, health and counseling, obstetrical management, neuropsychiatric aspects, clinical trials, ethical issues, legal considerations, epidemiology, developing world problems, communities of women at risk, caregiving, social services, and programs and policies for prevention. Each of the contributors has written a chapter that speaks to one or more of these topics. Quotations from interviews precede each chapter, thus setting the tone. It is well written, understandable for the educated layperson. There is a chapter of resources that covers service organizations, materials and further reading.

This is an excellent book for anyone who works with HIV positive women. It would also be a highly recommended book for those who volunteer or have loved ones who are HIV positive. Any library from school to medical should have one or more copies available for users.

198. AIDS Prevention and Services: Community Based Research, edited by Johannes P. Van Vugt. 1994. Bergin & Garvey/ Greenwood Publishing Group, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 285p., bibliog., index. ISBN 0-89789-264-X, 0-89789-265-8pbk. $59.95, $19.95pbk. (Descriptors: Prevention, Community Health Services, Patient Services, Prevention and Control, Community Health Services, Research) (Contributors to this volume: Keith V. Bletzer, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine; Benjamin P. Bowser, California State Univ. at Hayward; Ivonne Centeno, YWCA; Judity B. Cohen, Univ. of California San Francisco; Lani Davison, medical anthropologist; Pamela A. Derish, AWARE; Lori E. Dorfman, AWARE; Eric L. Engstrom, Health Advocates; William Gonzalez, lay minister; Mark Harrington, Treatment Action Group, New York; Richard P. Keeling, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison; Stephen Koester, Univ. of Colorado School of Medicine; Margaret R. Reinfeld, Episcopal priest; Merrill Singer, Hispanic Health Council, Hartford; Johannes P. Van Vugt, St Mary's College of California; Evelyn Vega, Institute for Community Research; Maxine Wolfe, City Univ. of New York)

This book is a review of policies that have been developed over the past five years. Some have had limited success such as free needle exchanges, condoms to prison inmates, and same-sex advertisements. Other policies are ongoing and are still being tested such as the San Francisco Clinic Consortium, "which coordinates clinics in developing AIDS treatment, health maintenance, and prevention programs, based in communities as diverse as the Hispanic, African American, intravenous (IV) drug using, and the homeless." The focus is on community based research which is much more intimate that many of the government-sponsored programs. There are currently over 650 community based organizations in the U.S. that receive a mix of private, public, and individual funding and are registered with the National AIDS Network. After an introductory chapter, an overview is presented on how effective the community based organizations have been.

The next chapter looks at IV drug users, using a Denver model. The fourth chapter investigates the barriers that are present in a Puerto Rican community in Hartford, Connecticut and the next chapter looks at the organizations serving African Americans. Next, women and AIDS is covered followed with a chapter that reviews the efforts of public health education. The college youth is covered in some detail as an "elite of our society." The next chapter shows how primary care physicians and their researchers work with the community to provide the needed services. The ninth chapter reviews the excellent service of the Gay Men's Health Crisis in New York, the largest and oldest of the AIDS service organizations that is based in the community. Next, the migrant Mexican farm worker in Michigan camps is discussed. Chapter eleven provides an insight to the need for community based political activism through ACT UP. "The concluding chapter draws on the common lessons of each of the preceding studies to develop policy implications and a theoretical model of community based organizations."

This is a well-written overview of the progress that has been made in community based services in the U.S. These services are the life line of those who are afflicted with AIDS. Without these services, the suffering would be much more than it now is. The book points out the need to have continued support and funding. Although all services do not succeed, those that do are outstanding. It takes the failures to make the successful ones. A highly recommended book for all service organizations, medical and academic libraries, and large public libraries.

199. AIDS Pandemic: Social Perspectives, by Yole G. Sills. 1994. Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 247p., bibliog., index. (Contributions in Medical Studies, no. 38) ISBN 0-313-28606-X. $55.00. (Descriptors: Social Aspects)

"This book seeks to give the general reader an overview of the social, economic, and political impact that AIDS is having throughout the world." It is a book for the nonspecialist who needs a general understanding; for the specialist, an overview of the social aspects; and for all readers, a documentation of reports from many fields. It covers research from anthropology, demography, economics, epidemiology, history, medicine, political science, public health, social psychology, and sociology. To this end, the book focuses on the international context. It also provides an understanding of how AIDS affects civil rights, especially those of the minorities. It looks at the increased tolerance for "unconventional life-styles and widespread sexual permissiveness."

Not covered is the literature on the biology of AIDS which is covered adequately in such mainstream journals as Science and Scientific American. Also, the literature pertaining to psychological traumas that faces AIDS patients and their families and friends is not included as well as the enormous amount of literature for the medical, nursing, and social work professionals who work with AIDS patients and their families. The seven chapters cover: "Introduction: A Profile of the Pandemic," "AIDS in the Developing World," "AIDS in the United States," "The International Response," "Public Reactions," "Governmental Responses," and "The Task of Changing Social Behavior."

For anyone who wants a quick overview of the AIDS pandemic, this is an excellent source. Sills has synthesized the works of many individuals, presenting the facts that are easy to follow and understand by the general public. A highly recommended work for all libraries from school to medical.

200. AIDS: A Multimedia Sourcebook, compiled by John J. Miletich. 1993. Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. 266p., bibliog., index. (Bibliographies and Indexes in Medical Studies, no. 10) ISBN 0-313-28669-8. $55.00. (Descriptors: Bibliography, Film Catalogs, Video Catalogs, Information Sources)

For each year from 1983 through 1992, a bibliography of sources is listed under the following headings: Books for professionals and the general public, including teenagers and children; Chapters and sections in books for professionals and the general public, including teenagers and children; Chapters and sections in government documents and association publications; Conferences, meetings, seminars, symposia, and workshops; Review papers; Information in encyclopedias; Parts of annuals/serials; Atlases; Bibliographies; and Videocassettes (includes television programs). Most all of the citations have a one or two sentence annotation. Three special bibliographies cover Health sciences professionals; Law enforcement professionals; and Prostitutes. There are 20 appendices covering some of the databases which cover AIDS, addresses of major providers of AIDS information, periodicals about AIDS, sources of funding in AIDS research, libraries and archives that have gay/lesbian information, notable AIDS deaths, and an AIDS time-line/chronology.

This is not a complete bibliography but it is one that includes the majority of the major works that have been published. It would be a good sources for a library to check to see how well their own collection stands up to what is included here. A recommended book for all libraries.

201. Drugs and Sex, by George A. Boyd. 1994. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 29 East 21st St., New York, NY 10010. 64p., illus., bibliog., index. (Drug Abuse Prevention Library) ISBN 0-8239-1538-7. $14.95. (Descriptors: Drug Use, Juvenile Literature, Teenagers, Drug Prevention, Sex Instruction for Teenagers, Drugs and Sex, Safer Sex, Sex Instruction for Youth, Sexually Transmitted Diseases)

This is a book for teenagers with an emphasis on what drugs do to an individual. After an introductory chapter that presents an overview of the problem of drugs and sex, there are separate chapters covering the effect of drugs on the body and the mind, social pressures of using drugs and having sex, myths about drugs and sex, and positive alternatives. There is an excellent table of the effects of neurotransmitters covering gamma amino butric acid, dopamine, norepinephrine, acetylcholine, adrenaline, serotonin, endorphin, glutamic acid, and sex hormones. This table shows what effect too much, the right amount, and too little do to the body. AIDS is mentioned throughout the book as one of the STDs that one can catch if you are confused with drugs. This is a recommended book for all school and public libraries.

202. Sustaining Safe Sex: Gay Communities Respond to AIDS, by Susan Kippax, R.W. Connell, G.W. Dowsett, June Crawford. 1993. Falmer Press/Taylor & Francis, Inc., 1900 Frost Road, Ste 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 218p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS) ISBN 0-75070-133-1, 0-75070-134-Xpbk. $75.00, $27.50pbk. (Descriptors: Safer Sex, Australia, Bisexuality, Gays)

This book reports the results of research that was conducted in Australia from 1985 to 1991 on the Social Aspects of the Prevention of AIDS (SAPA). "It details the development, the doing and the results of the research project, the process involved in each stage of the project, and the follow-up study, Sustaining Safe Sex (SSS)." The researchers were psychologists, sociologists, statisticians, trained interviewers, members of the gay community, and workers at the AIDS Council of New South Wales, Australia. From this research there were developed a series of short data papers or technical reports; a series of monographs; papers for academic journals; presentations at workshops; and consultations on research evaluation and policy. "While the book's focus is on the cultural processes at work within Australian gay communities before and after AIDS, the analysis offered has clear relevance to work in Europe, North America and elsewhere."

SAPA originally was to be three studies: a cross-sectional survey of gay and bisexual men focusing on sexual practices; a life-history study; and a media content study. The cross-sectional survey became the main focus to the point that it was so complex with such a mass of data that limits had to be placed on the resources of time and energy. The entire study was based on a questionnaire and interviews. Some 535 homosexually active men were questioned and interviewed with the questionnaire having nearly 1,000 questions covering personal and social descriptors; sexual identity; gay community and social involvement; sexual practice; media exposure, general AIDS knowledge and attitudes; safe sex knowledge and practice; sex with women; prostitution; health practices, drugs, testing, relationship to people with AIDS; and specific items for the Australian Capital Territory subsample.

The book outlines the entire research, step-by-step from the method used to the personal strategies and collective responses. It would be an excellent book for those who are interested in conducting their own research in to the social awareness of AIDS, safer sex, and related areas. Any social research group should read this book. It is recommended for medical and academic libraries.

203. HIV, AIDS, and the Brain, edited by Richard W. Price, Samuel W. Perry III. 1994. Raven Press, 1185 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. 334p., illus., bibliog., index. (Research Publications/Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, v.72) ISBN 0-7817-0063-9. $99.00. (Descriptors: Brain Infections, Complications, AIDS Dementia Complex, Physiopathology, Pathology, Pathogenicity) (Contributors to this volume: Cristian L. Achim, Univ. of California at San Diego; M.A. Anderson, Univ. of Colorado; Helena Bacellar, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health; Anita L. Belman, SUNY at Stony Brook School of Medicine; Etty N. Benveniste, Univ. of Alabama; Celia F. Brosnan, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Janice E. Clements, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Anna da Cunha, National Institutes of Health; Richard DeTeresa, Univ. of California at San Diego; Dennis W. Dickson, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Marc Fishman, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Nianfeng Ge, Univ. of California at San Diego; Jonathan D. Glass, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Diane E. Griffin, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; John W. Griffin, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; William Hatch, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Donald R. Hoover, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health; S.V. Joag, Univ. of Kansas Medical Center; Richard T. Johnson, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Sunhee C. Lee, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Stuart A. Lipton, Children's Hospital, Boston; Constantine Lyketsos, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; William D. Lyman, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Eliezer Masliah, Univ. of California at San Diego; Linda A. Mattiace, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Justin C. McArthur, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Paul R. McHugh, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicne; O. Narayan, Univ. of Kansas Medical Center; William A. O'Brien, UCLA School of Medicine; Michael B.A. Oldstone, Scripps Research Institute; Samuel W. Perry III, New York Hospital; Richard W. Price, Univ. of Minnesota Medical School; Ola A. Selnes, Johns Hopkins Univ School of Medicine; Leroy R. Sharer, New Jersey Medical School; John J. Sidtis, Univ. of Minnesota Medical School; Glenn Treisman, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; William R. Tyor, Medical Univ. of South Carolina; Ljubisa Vitkovic, National Institutes of Health; Steven L. Wesselingh, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine; Clayton A. Wiley, Univ. of California at San Diego; M.C. Zink, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine)

Some of the material in this book was taken from papers presented at the 72nd annual ARNMD (Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Diseases) meeting held in New York in December 1992. It consists of 16 highly technical papers that cover a wide range of diverse disorders of the central nervous system caused by HIV-1 including the AIDS dementia complex (ADC). ADC is common in the late stages of HIV-1 infection and appears to be caused by HIV-1, itself, rather than by a second opportunistic organism. The papers are presented in three sections: "Background: the virus and the immune system"; "Neuropathology and pathogenesis"; and "Clinical aspects." "Altogether the contributions in this book provide a cohesive and provocative picture of a fascinating and important new neurological disease and outline the progress being made in understanding its clinical and pathogenetic aspects." It provides discussions of both the theory and the practice of diagnosis and management of ADC.

This book should be useful to clinicians, neurologists, psychiatrists, infectious disease specialists, and nonphysicians dealing with AIDS patients. It could well become a basic work dealing with ADC providing an understanding in its clinical and pathobiological aspects. A sampling of the titles of some of the papers will indicate the technical coverage that is presented in this excellent book: "Genetics and Biologic Basis of HIV-1 Neurotropism," "Cellular Neuropathology in HIV Encephalitis," "Cytokine Expression and Pathogenesis in AIDS," "HIV-Related Depression," and "HIV Dementia: Incidence and Risk Factors." This is a must book for all medical and academic libraries.

204. Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine, by Lester Grinspoon, James B. Bakalar. 1993. Yale University Press, 92A Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520-7388. 184p., bibliog, index. ISBN 0-300-05435-1. $22.50. (Descriptors: Marihuana, Therapeutic Use of Marihuana)

"The marihuana, cannabis, or hemp plant is one of the oldest psychoactive plants known to humanity." There are three species, cultivated all over the world, Its fiber is used for cloth, paper, rope, seeds for food, and the oil in the seeds is used in soap and paints. "The chemical compounds responsible for the intoxicating and medicinal effects are found mainly in a sticky golden resin exuded from the flowers on the female plants. Marihuana is currently used by some physicians as a medicine in the treatment of cancer during chemotherapy, glaucoma, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia and quadriplegia, chronic pain, migraine, pruritis, menstrual cramps and labor pain, depression and other mood disorders, and AIDS. With AIDS it helps to relax the patient but more than anything it "enhances the flavor of food and the pleasure of eating." Unfortunately, since this is an illegal drug, it cannot be prescribed like other drugs. But maybe time will change that. Also, there are toxic effects from using the drug that have to be reckoned with.

This is an interesting book that gives a great deal of researched information about the use of marihuana as a medicine. Although its use is illegal, when one is faced with the sufferings of PWAs, how can one not take the risk and use it. A great deal to think about in reading this book. It is recommended for large public, academic, and medical libraries.

205. AIDS: Facing the Second Decade, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart. 1993. Falmer Press/Taylor & Francis, Inc., 1900 Frost Road, Ste 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 215p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS) ISBN 0-7507-0131-5, 0-7507-0132-3pbk. $75.00, $29.00pbk. (Descriptors: AIDS Review, Social Aspects, Safer Sex) (Contributors to this volume: Peter Aggleton, Univ. of London; Dennis Altman, La Trobe Univ.; Rosaline Barbour, Medical Research Council Medical Sociology Unit in Glasgow; Glynis M. Breakwell, Univ. of Surrey; June Crawford, Macquarie Univ.; Peter Davies, Essex, Univ.; Chris Fife-Schaw, Surrey Univ.; Philip Gatter, South Bank Univ.; Sylvia Harkinson, consultant; Graham Hart, Univ. College and Middlesex School of Medicine; Sheila Henderson, freelance researcher; Ford Hickson, Project SIGMA; Susan Kippax, Macquarie Univ.; Robert Power, Univ. of London; Diane Richardson, Univ. of Sheffield; Niamh Stephenson, Macquarie Univ.; Austin Taylor-Laybourn, Univ. of London; Catherine Waldby, Macquarie Univ.; Ian Warwick, Univ. of London; Simon Watney, Red Hot AIDS Charitable Trust; Jeffrey Weeks, Univ. of the West of England; Daniel Wight, Medical Research Council; Petra Wilson, Univ. of Nottingham; Gary Wych, Project SIGMA)

This book is based on the sixth conference on Social Aspects of AIDS held in May, 1992, at South Bank Polytechnic, London. Its purpose is to "pause and reflect on what has been achieved so far by social researchers, health education, statutory agencies, and community and voluntary sector organisations." Each of the chapters covers some aspect of AIDS in the 80s such as sexual identities, clean and unclean women in the AIDS discourse of young heterosexual men, safer sex, AIDS and reproduction, voluntary sector responses to HIV and AIDS, dealing with staff tensions, legal problems, and care of PWAs. These are all well-researched papers presenting a wide array of information that provides a background of what has happened as the 90s progress with little relief in finding a cure. This is a highly recommended book for all public, academic, and medical libraries.

206. Sex, Gay Men and AIDS, by Peter M. Davies, Ford C.I. Hickson, Peter Weatherburn, Andrew J. Hunt with Paul J. Broderick, Tony P.M. Coxon, Tom J. McManus, Michael J. Stephens. 1993. Falmer Press/Taylor & Francis, 1900 Frost Road, Ste. 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 199p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS) ISBN 0-75070-095-5, 0-75070-096-3pbk. $85.00, $27.00pbk. (Descriptors: Gays)

This book is intended "to provide a description of sexual mores among gay and bisexual men in England and Wales in the period 1987 to 1991." It is a thoroughly researched book containing a wealth of information and written in a straight forward, non-clinical language that may bother some people. The first four chapters provide background information that is important to understanding the next three chapters which describe the research. Chapters 8, 9, 10 and 11 "concentrate directly on sexual behaviour and organisation in the light of HIV." Chapter 8 covers the data on seroprevalence that the project obtained while chapter 9 "charts some of the individual parameters on sexual behaviour with men and women: incidence and frequencies of sexual techniques, numbers of sexual partners and other matters." Chapter 10 discusses in detail the many understandings that gay and bisexual men have about anal intercourse. Finally, chapter 11 tries to use what was learned to develop a safer sex approach. The last chapter has broad conclusions and implications of the research.

The good news that was learned: "Knowledge of HIV, safer sex and associated matters is high." "Safer sex is remarkably widespread." "HIV and safer sex have become normalised." and "Safer sex practice is becoming more sophisticated." The bad news is that the group that was studied was the "middle-aged, middle-class, educated white gay man in urban centres of the UK." These findings may not apply to other groups. Also, the practicing of unsafe sex in a relationship is back on the rise. This is a very interesting book that could be the basis of other studies in other parts of the world and on different classes of individuals. There has to be continued research on how individuals perceive safer sex in order to be able to create new and novel ways of educating everyone. This is a recommended book for all public, academic, and medical libraries.

207. AIDS: Trading Fears for Facts: A Guide for Young People, updated edition by Karen Hein, Thresa Foy DiGeronimo, Editors of Consumer Reports Books. 1991. Consumers Union of United States, 101 Truman Ave, Yonkers, NY 10703. 196p., illus., index. ISBN 0-89043-481-6. $4.95. (Descriptors: Juvenile Literature)

This small paperback first published in 1989, is a useful book for teenagers to learn about AIDS. It is a non-threatening book, written in a straight forward manner covering the facts about AIDS, AIDS and sex, AIDS and drugs, testing, after the test, treatment, and AIDS in the future. It includes some hotline numbers and help for runaway and homeless teens. This is a must book for school libraries and should be on all sexually active teenagers reading list.

208. Parasitic Infections in the Compromised Host, edited by Peter D. Walzer, Robert M. Genta. 1989. Marcel Dekker, Inc., 270 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 532p., illus., bibliog., index. (Infectious Disease and Therapy Series) ISBN 0-8247-7943-6. $160.00. (Descriptors: Parasitic Diseases, Pathogenesis, Host-Parasite Relationships, Immunological Deficiency Syndrome Complications) (Contributors to this volume: William L. Current, Lilly Research Laboratories; Melanie T. Cushion, Cincinnati Veterans Administration Medical Center; Robert M. Genta, Cincinnati Veterans Administration Medical Center; C. Kurtis Kim, Cincinnati Veterans Administration Medical Center; Benjamin J. Luft, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook; Henry Masur, National Institutes of Health; Thomas B. Nutman, National Institutes of Health; Richard D. Pearson, Univ. of Virginia School of Medicine; William A. Petri, Jr., Univ. of Virginia School of Medicine; Jonathan I. Ravdin, Univ. of Virginia School of Medicine; Phillip D. Smith, National Institutes of Health; Peter D. Walzer, Cincinnati Veterans Administration Medical Center; Mary E. Wilson, Univ. of Iowa)

"Parasitic infections in persons with AIDS and other immunosuppressed patients are characterized by their chronicity and refractoriness to standard forms of therapy." This highly technical book provides an "an in-depth analysis of both host-parasite relationships and clinical disease problems." The first chapter cover the compromised host: AIDS and other diseases while the second chapter covers "Host defenses against prototypical intracellular protozoans, the Leishmania." The remaining chapters cover specific parasites: Pneumocystis carinii, Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, parasitic Helminth infection, and Strongyloidiasis. A must book for all medical libraries.

209. Virus Hunting: AIDS, Cancer, and the Human Retrovirus; A Story of Scientific Discovery, by Robert Gallo. 1991. New Republic Book BasicBooks/HarperCollins, 10 East 53rd St, New York, NY 10022-5299. 352p., index. ISBN 0-465-09806-1. $22.95. (Descriptors: History)

I present this well known book only because of the continued controversy around the discovery of the AIDS virus. It is a well written and easy to read book with a wealth of information about the discovery of the virus and the massive problems that it has brought into the medical research professions. This book is probably already in all libraries but, in case anyone missed it, it should be purchased as a basic historical account from Robert Gallo.

210. AIDS: Individual, Cultural and Policy Dimensions, edited by Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart. 1990. Falmer Press/Taylor & Francis, 1900 Frost Road, Ste. 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 265p., bibliog., index. ISBN 1-8500-763-2, 1-8500-764-0pbk. $70.00, $32.50pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects) (Contributors to this volume: Charles Abraham, Dundee Institute of Technology; Dominic Abrams, Institute of Social and Applied Psychology; Peter Aggleton, Bristol Polytechnic; Marina Barnard, Glasgow Univ.; Virginia Berridge, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Mary Boulton, St Mary's Hospital Medical School; Stephen Clift, Christ Church College; Terry Cotton, London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham; Candace Currie, Univ. of Edinburgh; Peter Davies, South Bank Polytechnic; Jill Dawson, Univ. of Oxford; Ray Fitzpatrick, Nuffield College; Graham Hart, Univ. College; Hilary Klee, Manchester Polytechnic; Vijay Kumari, Project SIGMA; Sandra Legg, Christ Church College; Neil McKeganey, Univ. of Glasgow; John McLean, St Mary's Hospital Medical School; Deborah Marks, Manchester Polytechnic; Amina Memon, Christ Church College; Hans Moerkerk, Dutch Commission on AIDS Control; Cindy Patton, journalist; Diane Richardson, Sheffield Univ.; Lorna Ryan, Christ Church College; Zoe Schramm-Evans, Univ. College; David Silverman, Univ. of London; Paul Simpson, South Bank Polytechnic; Russell Spears, Univ. van Amsterdam; David Stears, Christ Church College; Philip Strong, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Ian Warwick, Bristol Polytechnic; Simon Watney, Terrence Higgins Trust)

This book presents many of the papers that were presented at a 1989 conference on the Social Aspects of AIDS that took place at South Bank Polytechnic in London. "The conference's themes emphasized the individual, cultural and policy dimensions of HIV disease." Topics covered include AIDS invulnerability; young people's moral judgments about AIDS; sexual behavior and AIDS among young people in independent schools; male homosexual prostitution and HIV; needle exchange; drug users and AIDS; and some issues in British AIDS policy. A recommended book for academic and medical libraries.

211. AIDS: Responses, Interventions and Care, edited by Peter Aggleton, Graham Hart, Peter Davies. 1991. Falmer Press/Taylor & Francis, 1900 mFrost Road, Ste. 101, Bristol, PA 19007. 286p., bibliog., index. (Social Aspects of AIDS) ISBN 1-85000-817-X, 1-85000-872-8pbk. $58.00, $29.00pbk. (Descriptors: Social Aspects, Care Services) (Contributors to this volume: Peter Aggleton, Univ. of London; Mary Boulton, St Mary's Hospital Medical School; Stephen Clift, Christ Church College; Mitchell Cohen, Instityut Nationale de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale; Peter Davies, South Bank Polytechnic; Jill Dawson, Univ. of Oxford; Kate Dolan, Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School; Martin Donoghoe, Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School; Clare Farquhar, Polytechnic of East London; Ray Fitzpatrick, Nuffield College; Graham Hart, Univ. College; Richard Hartnoll, Birkbeck College; Sheila Henderson, researcher; Janet Holland, Institute of Education; Andrew Hunt, South Bank Polytechnic; Hilary Kinnell, SAFE Project; Rachel Lart, National Health Service; John Mclean, St Mary's Hospital Medical School; Amina Memon, Southampton Univ.; Anssi Perakyla, Goldsmiths' College; Caroline Ramazanoglu, Goldsmiths' College; Tim Rhodes, Univ. of London; Tim Robinson, researcher; Zoe Schramm-Evans, Univ. College; Sue Scott, Univ. of Manchester; Sue Sharpe, freelance writer; Gerry Stimson, Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School; David Stears, Christ Church College; Rachel Thomson, Univ. of Manchester; Simon Watney, Terrence Higgins Trust; Peter Weatherburn, South Bank Polytechnic; Tamsin Wilton, Bristol Polytechnic)

The previous book was the third conference on the Social Aspects of AIDS, this book reports on the 1990, fourth conference. It contains papers from sociologists, psychologists, educationists, and cultural theorists. Topics covered include: changing to safer sex; what is a sexual encounter?; bisexual men; embarrassment and trust; condoms, coercion and control; children's questions about AIDS; prisoners and HIV infection; and the future of AIDS care. Recommended for academic and medical libraries.

212. AIDS Law in a Nutshell, by Robert M. Jarvis, Michael L. Closen, Donald H.J. Hermann, Arthur S. Leonard. 1991. West Publishing Co., 50 W Kellogg Blvd., PO Box 64526, St Paul, MN 55164-0526. 349p. (Nutshell Series) ISBN 0-314-80908-2. $15.95. (Descriptors: Law and Legislation)

This is an excellent handbook that discusses many of the consequences that AIDS has had on society. "The growing body of law that tests the validity of this special legislation [AIDS] and rulemaking is likely to have substantial impact on all aspects of health care and health care law long after the AIDS epidemic has passed." There are 94 referenced cases and 15 statutes that pertain to AIDS. This is a well written handbook that would be useful for the researcher as well as the layperson. Recommended for all public, academic, and medical libraries.


[ AIDS BOOK REVIEW JOURNAL | UIC University Library ]

Last updated:09/26/95
URL: http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/aidsbkrv/