Relationships with Each Other:
member works internally to fulfill its own intelligence responsibilities but
they also collaborate for this purpose and to satisfy overall IC objectives
through National Centers, the majority of which were established within the
last three years in response to recent legislation requiring greater
communication between IC members:
Counterproliferation Center (NCPC)
Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
DNI Open Source
Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC)
Virtual Translation Center (NVTC)
NSA Oversight Act (H.R.4976)
LISTEN Act (H.R.
National Security Surveillance
Act of 2006 (S.2453)
pieces are in reaction to and to address recent National Security Agency Surveillance
programs on U.S. Citizens without warrants from the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Court (FISC).
Patriot Act of 2001(P.L. 107-56) -- Analysis
Act of 2002-- Analysis
Security Intelligence Reform Act of 2004 (PL 108-458) -- Summary
National Security Act
Act was in response to Pearl Harbor.
It reorganized Military forces and established the National Security
Council and the CIA which was the first civilian peacetime intelligence agency
in the United States.
Intelligence Agency Act of 1949
Granted CIA director
authority to spend funds without accounting for them and exempts CIA from civil
service procedures allowing it to keep secret its staff size.
National Security Agency
Act of 1959
major legislation dealing directly with the NSA. It mainly dealt with financial matters. NSA was exempted from the requirement
to provide detailed information regarding organization and function to the
Civil Service Commission (now called Office of Personnel
Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA)
previously had minimal oversight and this bill was passed in reaction to 14
Reports by the Church committee detailing intelligence agenciesí activities and
abuses. The act created the
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) to oversee requests for
Procedures Act (PL 96-456)
act was passed to put procedures in place to prevent the disclosure of
classified information during criminal cases.
Orders have been issued to provide intelligence professionals clear guidelines
on how to perform their mission consistent with the legal rights and
protections guaranteed to all U.S. persons by the
Constitution. Executive orders are
frequently amended and revoked by later ones. The status of an Executive Order may be tracked on the Disposition
in the Federal Register. After 9/11 many Executive Orders were issued to
quickly strengthen and investigate the mission of intelligence, these can also
be easily found in the Disposition Tables.
#10450 - Apr. 27, 1953- Security requirements for Government employment
- May 23, 1979- Foreign
intelligence electronic surveillance
#12333 - Dec. 4, 1981- United States intelligence activities
- Dec. 4, 1981- President's Intelligence Oversight Board
- Apr. 2, 1982- National Security Information
- Oct. 28, 1985- President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
- April. 17, 1995- Classified National Security Information -- Revokes
Executive Order #12356
Service (CRS) Reports:
Government Access to Phone Calling
Activity and Related Records: Legal Authorities May 17, 2006
Issues for Congress—updated May 9th
Privacy: Total Information
Awareness Programs and Related Information Access, Collection and Protection
updated March 21, 2003
The Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act: An Overview of the Statutory Framework and Recent Judicial
Decisions—updated April 21, 2005
All CRS Reports Related to
Intelligence— from 2001 to present
the Intelligence Community 1949 to 2006:
of Multiple Reports or Documents:
Intelligence Community Reform Studies Since 1947. Michael Warner and J. Kenneth
McDonald, Center for the Study of Intelligence. April 2005. http://www.odci.gov/csi/index.html
From Director of Central
Intelligence to Director of National Intelligence: National Security Archive
Electronic Briefing Book No. 144. Jefferey T. Richelson ed. Dec. 17, 2004, updated Aug. 12, 2005. Includes links
to documents obtained through FOIA. http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB144/
The National Security Agency
Declassified: National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 24. Feffrey Richelson ed. Jan. 13, 2000, updated March 11, 2005. Includes
links to documents obtained through FOIA. http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB24/index.htm#doc25
Central Intelligence Origin and
Evolution. Michael Warner ed., Center for the
Study of Intelligence Central Intelligence Agency Washington, DC, 2001.http://www.odci.gov/csi/books/cia_origin/Origin_and_Evolution.pdf
An Historical Review of Studies
of the Intelligence Community for the Commission on the Organization of the
Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy. Dec.
National security organization: a
report with recommendations / prepared for the Commission on Organization of
the Executive Branch of the Government. United States.
Committee on the National Security Organization. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,
Central Intelligence Agency and
National organization for intelligence: a report to the National Security
Council. Allen Welsh Dulles, William Jackson,
Mathias Correa. Washington D.C. 1949. Popular Name: Dulles Report.
Reports to the Congress. United States. Commission on Organization of the
Executive Branch of the Government. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off, 1955.
Popular Name: Hoover Commissionís Final Report (which includes the Clark report).
A Review of the Intelligence
Community. James R.
Schlesinger, Assistant Director, Office of Management and Budget, March 1971.
Popular Name: Schlesinger Report http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB144/document%204.pdf
American Intelligence: A
Framework for the Future. CIA Study Group, Oct. 13, 1975. Popular Name: Taylor Report. http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB144/document%2010.pdf
Commission on the Organization of
the Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy, June 1975. Washington, DC: Govt. Print. Off.1975. Popular Name: Murphy Commission.
Final report of the Select
Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence
Activities ... together with additional, supplemental, and separate views /
[Frank Church, chairman] United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee to Study Governmental
Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activites. Washington: U.S. G.P.O, 1976. Popular Name: Church Committee Final Report.
Recommendations of the final
report of the House Select Committee on Intelligence. Otis Pike. Washington: U.S. GPO,
1976. Popular Name: Pike Committee Report.
IC21: The Intelligence Community
in the 21st Century. Staff Study, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, 1996. http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/intel/ic21/ic21_toc.html
Preparing for the 21st Century:
an Appraisal of US Intelligence. Commission on the Role and Capabilities of the United
States Intelligence Community.
March 1, 1996
9/11 Commission Report. National Commission on Terrorist
Attacks upon the United States. Washington, DC: GPO, 2004 http://www.gpoaccess.gov/911/index.html
on the Intelligence Capabilities of the Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction. March 31, 2005 --
Legislative Reports and hearings
From the White House:
Web pages about the Patriot
Act and issues surrounding Homeland Security including Intelligence issues:
Homeland Security: http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/homeland/
Patriot Act: http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/patriotact/