What is Evidence Based
Evidence Based Medicine has been defined as:
...an approach to practising medicine
clinician is aware of the evidence in support of clinical
practice, and the strength of that evidence.
Based Medicine Working Group
...the conscientious, explicit and judicious
use of current best evidence in making decision about the care of
individual patients...integrating individual clinical expertise with the
best available external clinical evidence from systematic
Centre for Evidence Based Medicine
Evidence-Based Medicine is a process of
learning. The process involves:
- Converting information needs into focused questions.
- Efficiently tracking down the best evidence with which to
- Critically appraising the evidence for validity and
- Applying the results in clinical practice.
- Evaluating performance of the evidence in clinical
The practice and teaching of Evidence-Based Medicine has outcome
products which help the health care provider and consumer keep up with
the medical literature and assess the evidence. These products
synthesize/filter/evaluate the primary research literature. Dissemination
and incorporation of valid clinical research findings into medical
the ultimate goal.
- Systematic Reviews/Meta-Analyses
- Critically Appraised Topics (e.g., ACP Journal Club)
- Practice Guidelines
- Evaluated Bibliographic Databases (e.g., Cochrane Library)
- Consensus Development Reports
- Decision Analyses
- Patient Education/Decisions Tools
Several groups have been leaders in Evidence Based Medicine . Their initiatives in
promoting the practice of EBM are numerous and are detailed in various
sections of this guide.
This page is maintained at www.uic.edu/depts/lib/lhsp/resources/ebm.shtml
Library of the Health Sciences-Peoria. Please send comments to Jo Dorsch firstname.lastname@example.org.