Ludvig Hektoen Papers:

An Inventory of His Papers at the University of Illinois at Chicago Library of the Health Sciences

Collection Summary

Creator:Ludvig Hektoen
Title:Ludvig Hektoen Papers
Abstract: Cancer Diary, correspondence, travel orders, biographical sketch, reprints, and photographs by or about Ludvig Hektoen.
Quantity: .25 linear feet
Identification: 27/12/21

Biography of Ludvig Hektoen

Ludvig Hektoen was born in Westby, Wisconsin on July 2, 1863. He attended medical school at the College of Physicians and Surgeons and graduated in 1887 as valedictorian of his class. He served as an intern at Cook County Hospital for a year, then held various positions until his appointment as professor of pathology at the College of Physicians and Surgeons from 1892 to 1894. He was professor of pathology at Rush Medical College from 1895 until 1933, and was professor and head of the department of pathology at the University of Chicago from 1901 until 1932.

Dr. Hektoen published widely and served as editor of a number of medical journals, including long tenures at the Journal of Infectious Diseases and the Archives of Pathology. He was a member of numerous local, national, and international medical societies. Locally, he was president of the Chicago Medical Society from 1919 to 1921, and of the Chicago Pathological Society from 1898 to 1902; and he was a founder of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago in 1915.

In 1942, Dr. Hektoen received the AMA's Distinguished Service Medal for his life's work. He died July 5, 1951, at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago.

Scope and Contents of the Papers

During much of his career, Dr. Hektoen was involved in cancer research, and it is primarily his activities in this field which are documented in these papers.

The National Cancer Institute Act, approved by the U.S. Congress in 1937, established the NCI as a division of the Public Health Service. The Act mandated that the Surgeon General appoint six leading cancer specialists to form the National Advisory Cancer Council. The Council's function was to collect and disseminate information regarding cancer research, evaluate cancer research proposals, and advise the Surgeon General in matters regarding cancer.

Dr. Hektoen served on the Council from 1937 until 1944, and these papers include his handwritten "Cancer Diary" which records his activities as a member of the Council, and travel orders and vouchers in relation to his travels for the Council.

The papers also include correspondence with Dr. Karl J. Theige after Dr. Theige left LaCrosse, Wisconsin to establish a medical practice in Minneapolis. The correspondence centers on Dr. Theige's efforts to set up his new practice, his financial difficulties in doing so, and his repayment of money borrowed from Dr. Hektoen.

Organization of the Papers

This collection is organized into six series
Biographical Sketch, 1952
Correspondence w/ Dr. Karl Theige, 1918-1921
Cancer Diary, 1937-1939
National Advisory Cancer Council, 1939-1944
Reprints, 1930-1937
Photographs, 1884-1931

Arrangement of the Papers

This collection is arranged chronologically within each series


Restrictions on Access

There are no access restrictions to this collection

Restrictions on Use

There are no use restrictions to this collection

Index Terms

Hektoen, Ludvig, 1863-1951
Theige, Karl, J.
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago
National Cancer Institute
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, (Ill.)
Document Types:

Related Material

A Century of Progress Records, Correspondence Series. A Century of Progress Records is located at the University of Illinois at Chicago Special Collections Department at the Richard J. Daley Library.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Not available at time of encoding

Preferred Citation

Ludvig Hektoen Papers

University Archives

Record Group 27/12/21

Library of the Health Sciences

University of Illinois at Chicago

Acquisition Information

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Processing Information

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Other Finding Aids

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Biographical Sketch 1952 1 folder

11Herrick, James B., "Ludvig Hektoen," Proceedings of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago, Vol. 19, 1952

Correspondence with Dr. Karl Theige 1918-1921 1 folder

12 1918 October 14 to 1921 December 12

Cancer Diary 1937-1939 3 folders

13 1937 October 23 to 1939 April 29
4 1938 May 2 to 1938 November 25
5 1938 November 28 to 1939 March 29

National Cancer Institute 1939-1944 2 folders

16Travel Orders and Travel Vouchers 1939-1941
7National Advisory Cancer Council 1943 January 28 to 1944 May 21

Reprints 1930, 1937 1 folder

8Hektoen, Ludvig, " The Determination of the Infectious Nature of Acute Endocarditis," Transactions of the Chicago Pathological Society, vol. 13, no. 3 Jun 1, 1930.
8Hektoen, Ludvig, " Ëarly Pathology in Chicago and Christian Fenger" First Christian Fenger Lecture of the Chicago Pathological Society, March 26, 1937.

Photographs 1884-1931

N/APortrait of Dr. Hektoen (LHS 77-999-103) 1884
Cook County Hospital Morgue, Includes Dr. Hektoen, Dr. Fenger, and Dr. Herrick (LHS 77-999-009) 1888.
Portrait of Dr. Hektoen (LHS 77-999-102) 1919 Feb 19
Portrait of Dr. Hektoen (LHS 77-999-100) 1931
Portrait of Dr. Hektoen (LHS 77-999-104) n.d.