Charles Phineas Schwartz papers
MSSchw70

 An inventory of the collection at the University of Illinois at Chicago

Summary Information

Repository
Richard J. Daley Library Special Collections and University Archives
Creator
Schwartz, Charles P. (Charles Phineas), b. 1886
Title
Charles Phineas Schwartz papers
ID
MSSchw70
Date [inclusive]
1915-1970
Extent
4.5 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract:
Part of the Jane Addams Memorial Collection. Charles P. Schwartz (1887-1975) was an attorney, civic leader, and educator in the social welfare movement. Schwartz served as chairman of the State of Illinois Committee on Citizenship and Naturalization and wrote many pamphlets for new citizens. Schwartz also served as president of the City Club of Chicago and in 1936, he was chairman of the Illinois Independent Committee for Franklin D. Roosevelt. Before beginning his law practice in Chicago, Schwartz was secretary to Judge Julian W. Mack who established the first juvenile court in the city. Finally, Schwartz was a friend and lawyer to Jane Addams. He was vice president, trustee, and counsel to Hull-House. The collection contains correspondence, newspaper clippings, newsletters, photographs, pamphlets, and reports. The materials pertain to Hull-House, the City Club of Chicago, the Chicago Bar Association, civil rights, and citizenship. Finding aid available. Acquired from Charles P. Schwartz.

Preferred Citation

Charles Phineas Schwartz papers, Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago

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Biography of Charles Phineas Schwartz

Charles Phineas Schwartz was born to Moses and Anna (Frankfort) Schwartz in Vilna Poland [now Lithuania] in 1886. His family immigrated to Norway, Michigan. Schwartz graduated from the University of Chicago in 1908 and earned his JD from the University of Chicago Law School in 1909. Schwartz married Lavinia "Duffy" Schulman on October 20, 1920. Lavinia and Charles had three children: Polly (Mrs. Polly Hertz), Robert A. D., and Charles P. Jr.

Schwartz was official secretary to Julian W. Mack, Judge Illinois Appellate Court from 1909 to 1910. Judge Mack established the first juvenile court in Chicago. It was through Julian Mack that Schwartz was introduced to Hull-House and its founder Jane Addams. Schwartz was a resident of Hull-House for several years, serving as counsel to the Hull-House Association and as Jane Addams' legal counsel until her death in 1935. As legal counsel, Schwartz advised Jane Addams and other residents about estate donations to Hull-House. Schwartz's life-long passion for citizenship education, immigration, and teaching English as a second language, was nurtured through his relationships with Hull-House residents Julia Lathrop, and Grace and Edith Abbott.

Schwartz also worked for citizenship causes through governmental agencies and commissions. Schwartz served as an appeal agent for the Selective Service Commission during World War I and II. He also served as chairman of the Illinois Committee on Citizenship and Naturalization in the 1930s and wrote pamphlets and articles on the subject. In 1968, Charles and Lavinia donated $100,000 to establish the Charles P. & Lavinia S. Schwartz Citizen Project in the Graduate School of Education at the University of Chicago. Schwartz was chairman of the Illinois Independent Committee for Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, and his political friendships included Harold Ickes and Adlai Stevenson.

Charles Schwartz's dedication to social justice and ethical concerns was also rooted in his Jewish faith. Schwartz advocated that lay persons had an active role to play in institutional Judaism at a time in which many American Jews were becoming increasingly secular. Schwartz was a member of the KAM synagogue and delivered sermons at KAM and Beth Am congregations. In the 1930s and 1940s, Schwartz was also involved in debates regarding the response to anti-Semitism and the plight of European Jews; as well as the role of religious education in public schools.

Schwartz was an enthusiastic and dedicated alumnus of the University of Chicago and its law school through his adult life. As a member of the Citizens Board, the University of Chicago Law School Alumni Association, and in later years the Emeritus Club, Schwartz raised funds for scholarships and university buildings. Schwartz maintained friendships with Law School classmates such as James Pope, through correspondence, reunions, and other Alumni functions.

Schwartz' s career as a lawyer is visible through his participation in professional organizations, the Illinois and Chicago Bar Associations. Schwartz's work with the Chicago Bar Association included participation in the Civil Rights committee which focussed on issues such as Housing, the Civil Rights Bill of 1965, Police-Community relations, and Newsman's Privilege. Schwartz also worked as an attorney for the firm Knapp & Campbell; was counsel for United States Steel Co.; a partner at the firm Zeisler & Schwartz; and General Counsel and Vice-President for A.S. Schulman Electric company.

In addition to his social reform and religious interests, Charles Schwartz was an active member in the City Club of Chicago and served as its President from 1935-36. In the 1960s, the City Club of Chicago was dedicated to improving public transportation and rebuilding McCormick Place. Schwartz was also a member of the Cliff Dwellers club, the Quadrangle Club, and the Arts Club of Chicago.

Charles Schwartz was a gregarious man who valued his relationships with family and friends. This dedication is revealed through his relationship with his son, Charles P. Jr., and in photos of his wife, children, and colleagues.

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Scope and Contents

This collection reflects Charles P. Schwartz's relationship to Jane Addams and Hull-House. It also documents Charles P. Schwartz's activities in alumni associations of the University of Chicago and its law school including the Citizens Board, the University of Chicago Law School Alumni Association and the Emeritus Club; his participation in the professional organizations the Illinois and Chicago Bar Associations, his work with the City Club of Chicago, his involvement in citizenship education with the Illinois Committee on Citizenship and Naturalization and the Charles P. & Lavinia S. Schwartz Citizen Project in the Graduate School of Education in the University of Chicago; and his membership with the KAM congregation.

This collection includes legal documents, correspondence, articles, programs, mailing lists, minutes, and annual reports for the Hull-House and Hull-House Association. This collection also includes correspondence, legal documents, financial records, mailing lists, articles, pamphlets, and newspaper clippings for the Chicago and Illinois Bar Association, the City Club of Chicago, the Citizens Board, the University of Chicago Law School Alumni Association, and the Emeritus Club. Correspondence includes letters by Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jane Addams, Ellen Gates Starr, Alice Hamilton, and Adlai Stevenson. This collection includes photographs and awards.

Unarranged papers were accessioned as they were received. In 2002, the accessions were combined and arranged by the cataloger.

This collection is divided into two series:

Series 1. Hull-House and Hull-House Association --1915-1974

Series 2. Professional and Personal Papers --1909-1975

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Richard J. Daley Library Special Collections and University Archives 2003-10-14

801 S. Morgan Street
Chicago, Illinois, 60607
312.996.2742

Revision Description

  06/15/2010

Restrictions on Access

None

Acquisition Information

The Charles P. Schwartz papers were donated to the University of Illinois at Chicago, Main Library, Special Collections, as six accessions between 1970-1977. Charles P. Schwartz donated Hull-House real estate and legal documents in 1970. Lavinia "Duffy" Schwartz donated Charles Schwartz's memorial program in 1975. Correspondence between Jane Addams and Charles Schwartz was received in 1976. The remainder of the collection was donated in 1977.

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Related Materials

Separated Material

The following documents were removed from the collection at the time of donation and added to the Hull-House Association Papers: Certificate of incorporation of Hull-House Association (1895), List of articles pertaining to Jane Addams at office and center for Hull-House Association (May 1970), Deed to Hull-House, signed by Helen Culver and Mary R. Smith (1900), Transfer of Hull-House property from Culver to the Association (1906), Quit-claim deeds by Culver and Smith (1900), Photostat of deed to land from Richard and Emily Crane to Hull-House Association (1907), Surveyor's plot of Hull-House Association buildings and land, Tax exemption for Hull-House - correspondence from D. W. Sullivan (April 1913), Hull-House lease original (1892) and 2 xerox copies, Lease extension original (1900) and 2 xerox copies, Sale of land - Helen Culver to R. T. Crane (March 1901)

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Chicago Bar Association.
  • City Club of Chicago.
  • Hull-House (Chicago, Ill.).

Personal Name(s)

  • Schwartz, Charles P. (Charles Phineas), b. 1886 -- Archives

Subject(s)

  • Chicago Political and Civic Life.
  • Citizenship -- United States.
  • Civil rights -- United States.
  • Hull-House and Settlement House History.
  • Lawyers -- Illinois -- Chicago.

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Collection Inventory

Series I: Hull-House and Hull-House Association 

This series reflects Charles P. Schwartz's role as a legal counsel to the Hull-House Association and Jane Addams. 

Box Folder

Copy of Jane Addams' 1915 will and undated Jane Addams photograph, undated 

1 1

Correspondence [includes letters from Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr], 1916-1924 

1 2

Correspondence [includes letters from Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr], 1916-1924 

1 3

Memorials for Sophonisba Breckinridge and Edith Abbott, undated 

1 4

Correspondence [Re. Alice Hamilton], 1966-1968 

1 5

Articles and Programs, 1954, 1962, 1967 

1 6

Correspondence, Articles, Speeches [Re. Jane Addams Centennial, publication of Jane Addams' biographies, retaining original Hull-House buildings], 1960-1961, 1964-1969 1967 

1 7

Hull-House and Hull-House Association [Resident lists, Board lists, Minutes, Correspondence], 1971-1972 

1 8

Hull-House Tribute to Charles P. Schwartz, 1971 

1 9

Hull-House Association [Correspondence, donor lists, annual report], 1973-1974 

1 10

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Series II: Professional and Personal Papers 

Box Folder

Correspondence, Charles P. Schwartz and Woodrow Wilson [Originals and copies], 1916 

2 11

Woodrow Wilson visit to Chicago newspaper fragments, ca. 1919 

2 12

Ledger with financial information, 1915-1916 

2 13

Americanization fund-raising letters, 1919 

2 14

Publications and Court cases, [includes, "The Missing Element in Legal Education," by Charles P. Schwartz (1931), 1926-1937 

2 15

Correspondence - Charles P. Schwartz and Harold Ickes (1933) and Franklin D. Roosevelt and Charles P. Schwartz (1936), 1933, 1936 

2 16

Citizenship articles and pamphlets, 1932-1939 

2 17

Articles and correspondence about Anti-Semitism, European Jews, and Zionism, 1934 

2 18

Correspondence for University of Chicago Law School alumni activities, 1930-1972 

3 19

Articles, correspondence, and minutes on Judaism, 1940-1955 

3 20

"God and the Camel, Judaism and the Elephant," sermon by Charles P. Schwartz, 1954 

3 21

Citizenship Education, correspondence and manuscript, 1947 

3 22

Charles P. Schwartz to Louis A. Johnson, Secretary of Defense, 1949 

3 23

Good Neighbor Society, 1948-1950 

3 24

Correspondence, University of Chicago Law School alumni, 1947-1959 

3 25

Correspondence and legal cases, 1954-1960 

3 26

Articles, Ethics and Society, 1958-1973 

3 27

City Club of Chicago [Transportation, Membership lists, Mc Cormick Place], 1954-1968 

4 28

Chicago Bar Association [wiretapping, mail covers, Civil Rights Bill, Fair Housing], 1963-1967 

4 29

Chicago Bar Association [Police-community relations, Newsmans Privilege, Education about communism, Anti-Bussing bill], 1968-1973 

4 30

Monrovia, Liberia, Electrical Power Agreement [Newspaper clippings and photograph], 1961-1973 

4 31

Correspondence and Citizenship, 1961-1973 

4 32

Lavinia S. and Charles P. Schwartz Citizenship Project booklets, 1969 

4 33

Lavinia S. and Charles P. Schwartz Citizenship Education manuals, 1970-1972 

4 34

Universities and Citizenship Education, 1972-1974 

4 35

University of Chicago, Scholarship Fund and 40th Anniversary, 1932-1949 

5 36

University of Chicago, Alumni Association and Citizens Board, 1938, 1960 

5 37

University of Chicago, Emeritus Club, 1957-1972 

5 38

University of Chicago, Reunion programs, 1954-1966 

5 39

University of Chicago, Fiftieth Anniversary, Alumni Fund Campaign, 1958-1969 

5 40

Correspondence: Law School Building Fund, Military Draft case, Citizenship, 1956-1975 

5 41

Correspondence, Julian Mack Biography, 1960-1969 

5 42

Charles P. and Lavinia S. Schwartz Citizen Fund, 1967-1970 

5 43

Miscellaneous [Common Cause, "Time to Act," (April 1971)and American Bar Association, "Pro Bono Report," (June 1973) and newspaper clipping, "Notice to Shareholders of Northrop Corporation," (December 12, 1974)], 1971-1974 

5 44

Mailing list, undated 

5 45

Correspondence and Newspaper Clippings, Charles P. Schwartz Jr., 1955, 1975 

6 46

Tributes to Charles P. and Lavinia "Duffy" Schwartz, undated 

6 47

Photograph, Charles P. Schwartz and Katherine Graham, 1974 

6 48

Photographs, Martha Graham, undated 

6 49

Photographs, resume, personal identification documents, undated 

6 50

Certificates, 1957-1971 

6 51

Photograph, undated 

6 52

Group photograph with Charles P. Schwartz, undated 

6 53

Family photographs, undated 

6 54

Memorial programs, 1975 

6 55

Obituary Notices, 1975 

6 56

Charles P. Schwartz, photographic engraving plate, 1946 

7 57

City Club of Chicago Award Plaque, 1935-1936 

7 58

Chicago Bar Association, 50 Years of Service, 1969 

7 59

Chicago Bar Association, 50 Years of Service, 1969 

7 59

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Oversize Material 

Box Folder

BA in Philosophy diploma, University of Chicago 1908 

8 60

Juris Doctoris, University of Chicago 1909 

8 61

Law School, University of Chicago, Class of 1909, photograph, 1909 

8 62

Supreme Court of the United States of America, Certificate of Admittance, 4 April 1934 

8 63

Certificate of Merit, Selective Service Medal, ca. 1946 

8 64

Citation for Public Service, Alumni Association, University of Chicago, 12 June 1943 

8 65

State of Illinois Supreme Court, attorney license, 6 October 1909 

8 66

License "Duffy" Schwartz- color photograph, undated 

8 67
Oversize

Photo of Charles Schwartz and Photo Proofs, undated 

Folder 68

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