Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction collection
MSJCRR69

 An inventory of the collection at the University of Illinois at Chicago

Summary Information

Repository
Richard J. Daley Library Special Collections and University Archives
Creator
Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction.
Title
Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction collection
ID
MSJCRR69
Date [inclusive]
1953-1958
Extent
3.25 linear ft.
Language
English
Abstract:
The Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction was a joint Chinese-American program to develop rural China. Dr. Y.C. James Yen (1893-1990), head of the Chinese National Association of the Mass Education Movement, lobbied for an amendment to the China Aid Act of 1948 that stipulated that 10 per cent of American foreign aid to China would be reserved for rural reconstruction. After the defeat of the Kuomintang forces in 1949 and the retreat of the Republic of China's entire government to Taiwan, Yen and the recently created Joint Commission focused development efforts on the island of Taiwan.

Preferred Citation

Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction collection, Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago

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Administrative History

The Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction was a joint Chinese-American program to develop rural China. Dr. Y.C. James Yen (1893-1990), head of the Chinese National Association of the Mass Education Movement, lobbied for an amendment to the China Aid Act of 1948 that stipulated that 10 per cent of American foreign aid to China would be reserved for rural reconstruction. Yen considered mass literacy, widely available primary healthcare, and fundamental changes in the education, habits, and attitudes of ordinary people as necessary for improving life in rural China. He preferred to use a Chinese term that is best translated as meaning "reconstruction" to that of "development" favored by Westerners. After the defeat of the Kuomintang forces in 1949 and the retreat of the Republic of China's entire government to Taiwan, Yen and the recently created Joint Commission focused development efforts on the island of Taiwan. Yen worked to spread his ideas in the Philippines and other parts of the developing world.

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Scope and Contents

The Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction Collection includes reports, memoranda, press releases, financial records, photographs, posters, policy statements, a photo album, issues of periodicals, copies of Taiwanese legal documents, and the Taipei International Women's Club Year Book, 1955-1956.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Richard J. Daley Library Special Collections and University Archives June 2005

801 S. Morgan Street
Chicago, Illinois, 60607
312.996.2742

Revision Description

  07/15/2010

Restrictions on Access

None

Restrictions on Use

None

Acquisition Information

Mr. P.W. Voltz, Chief, Farmers' Organization Division of the Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction donated these materials to the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1969.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction. -- Archives

Subject(s)

  • Chicago Ethnic Groups.
  • Rural development -- Taiwan.

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Collection Inventory

Series I: Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction 

Box Folder

Memoranda, 1956 

1 1

Reports, memoranda, press releases, financial records, [In English and Chinese], 1955-1957 

1 2

Pamphlets, clippings, Provisional By-Law Governing the Improvement of Farmers' Associations of Different Levels in Taiwan (2 copies), Taipei International Women's Club year book, photograph, Issue of CAT Bulletin, [In English and Chinese], 1954-1958 

1 3

Taiwan Sugar Company photo album, clippings, reports, pamphlets, policy statements, photographs, [In English and Chinese], 1953-1954 

1 4
Oversize

Posters, notes, [In English and Chinese], ca. 1950 

Folder 5

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