Born and educated in his native Germany, Hans Berger in 1900 entered as an assistant in a psychiatric clinic headed by Otto Binswanger (1852-1929). Oscar Vogt and Korbinian Brodmann were also assistants in the same clinic and encouraged young Berger to join in their work on cerebral localization. He moved up rapidly to succeed Binswanger in 1919 and served as Rector at the University and eventually became Professor Emeritus in Psychology.

His research work centered on intracranial blood circulation, was a founder of psychophysiology and brain temperature. Berger studied the work of Richard Caton (1842-1926) a Liverpool surgeon who was studying action potentials on animals. Berger continued his studies on electrical activity in human brain and in 1924 made the first EEG recording in man (Electroenkephalogram). Hans Berger thus earned the recognition of "Father of Electroencephalography."

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