In the contribution to neurosciences by France, this country claims the medical genius of them all. Charcot, whose brilliance as a clinician and a neuropathologist could never be surpassed. He created neurology as a firm discipline, made monumental studies in tabes, described, arthropathies "Charcot Joints", Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, was not only described but was named by him. His name comes forth as contribution to the knowledge of poliomyelitis, neuropathies (Charcot-Marie-Tooth) disease, nuiliary aneurysms, ankle clonus. He even wrote on hysteria, "blessed" hypnotism and was involved early on in the conflict over animal experimentation. He was a great teacher and many of his students became the "greats" in neurology.It has been said that Charcot entered neurology in its infancy and left it at its "coming of age."

Demonstration of hysteria by Charcot

Return to the index