Duchenne, of French descent, was considered one of the greatest clinicians of the nineteenth century. Charcot, in a tribute to Duchenne called him "My Master. He was also identified as great neuropathologist.He will be remembered for developing the elements for meticulous neurological examination to which he added electrical stimulation as a diagnostic test in localization. The accomplishments also included a delineation for tabetic locomotor ataxia, research on acute poliomyelitis, and description of a disease entity known as Progressive Bulbar Paralysis. He also identified Pseudohypertrophic Muscle Dystrophy as a primary muscle disease. He wrote much on lead poisoning.

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