Wagner-Jauregg was born and studied in Austria. Early in his medical life, he was an internist but he moved into Psychiatry and excelled to eventually become Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the Allgemeine Krankenhaus. His best known contribution to medical science was the introduction of malarial fever for the treatment of general paresis. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for their discovery. Wagner-Jauregg became a well known expert psychiatric witness and he made a profound mark on psychiatry.

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