Meynert was born in Germany. A few years later the family moved to Vienna. After his medical training, he immediately gravitated to neurology and to psychiatry. But his interest in neuroanatomy permitted him to describe regional differences in the brain. He wrote a book on psychiatry considered brilliant classification of mental illness on a purely anatomical basis was not well received. Many came to learn neuroanatomy with Meynert and there was mixed feelings about his teachings. Yet Meynert contributed much to the science of neuroanatomy for others to follow.

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