Born in Russia, Pavlov was educated to enter priesthood but elected to be a scientist. After earlier studies in Russia, he went to Germany for graduate work. His numerous contributions are in 4 major fields, cardiac physiology, digestion, central nervous system and psychophysiology. In his investigations of digestive glands he was awarded the Nobel prize in 1904. He developed the famous "Pavlov pouch". Also, he began to study psychology and he applied his physiological studies to this field. His book on reflexes is monumental. He was recognized as a great scientist by Russia even though he disagreed with Communism. He will be remembered as one of the great physiologists of all time.

Return to the index